Today in History - Historical Events - 1883

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Notable Historical Events - 1883

1883The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires, built by Thomas Edison, begins service at Roselle, New Jersey.

1883 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 2
Battle of Boschberg takes place in South Africa as part of the Mapoch War 
Jan 4
Ontario Rugby Football Union (forerunner of CFL) forms 
Jan 6
Ontario Rugby Football Union forms 
Jan 10
Fire at uninsured Newhall Hotel in Milwaukee, Wisconsin kills 71. General Tom Thumb of P T Barnum fame, escapes unhurt 
Jan 13
Fire in Circus Ferroni in Berditschoft, Poland, kills 430 
Jan 13
Henrik Ibsen's "En Folkefiende," premieres in Oslo 
Jan 16
Pendleton Act creates basis of US Civil Service system 
Jan 16
Quebec Rugby Football Union forms 
Jan 19
The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires, built by Thomas Edison, begins service at Roselle, New Jersey. 
Jan 20
Billy Barnes takes a hat-trick, England v Aust MCG 
Jan 22
England complete 1st innings victory in Tests v Aust MCG 
Jan 30
England team presented with ashes of a bail after Sydney Test 
Feb 1
French lt-col Gustave Borgnis-Desbordes reaches Bamako on the Niger 
Feb 7
Lt-colonel Borgnis-Desbordes founds Fort Bamako Niger 
Feb 8
Louis Waterman begins experiment to invent the fountain pen 
Feb 10
Fire at un-insured New Hall Hotel in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, kills 71 
Feb 14
1st state labor union legislation; NJ legalizes unions 
Feb 16
"Ladies Home Journal" begins publishing 
Feb 17
A Ashwell patents free-toilet in London 
Feb 21
2nd French government of Ferry begins 
Feb 23
Alabama becomes 1st US state to enact an antitrust law 
Feb 23
American Anti-Vivisection Society organized (Phila) 
Feb 27
Oscar Hammerstein patents 1st cigar-rolling machine 
Feb 28
1st US vaudeville theater opens (Boston) 
Mar 3
Congress authorizes the 1st steel vessels in US navy 
Mar 4
John Gordon Cashmans begins "Vicksburg Evening Post" in Mississippi 
Mar 19
Jan Matzeliger invents 1st machine to manufacture entire shoes 
Mar 20
Unity treaty of Paris signed: protects industrial property 
Mar 24
1st telephone call between NY & Chicago 
Mar 31
1st performance of Caesar Franck's "Le Chasseur Maudit" 
Mar 31
Utrecht begins water pipe system 
Apr 2
Battle at Bamako: French assault on Fabous arm forces attack 
Apr 6
Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Speckled Band" (BG) 
Apr 12
French troops under lt-colonel Borgnis-Desbordes occupy Bamako Senegal 
Apr 13
US prospecter Alfred Packer convicted of manslaughter though accused of cannibalism 
Apr 14
Leo Delibes' opera "Lakmé" premieres in Paris 
Apr 16
Paul Kruger chosen as president of Transvaal 
Apr 23
John Heemskerk Azn forms Dutch government 
Apr 24
28 Surinamers depart to Amsterdam World's Fair 
May 1
"Buffalo Bill" Cody put on his 1st Wild West Show 
May 1
Amsterdam World's Fair opens 
May 1
Baseball returns to Phila, 1st NL game since 1876 
May 1
NY Athletic Club hires Bob Rogers as 1st American pro sports trainer 
May 4
John Gordon Cashmans begins "Vicksburg Evening Post" (Miss) 
May 15
Italy signs military treaty with Austria-Hungary & Germany 
May 17
Buffalo Bill Cody's 1st wild west show premieres in Omaha 
May 22
Cubs' Billy Sunday's 1st at bat, begins 14 consecutive strikes out 
May 23
9th Kentucky Derby: William Donohue aboard Leonatus wins in 2:43 
May 23
Baseball game between one-armed & one-legged players 
May 24
Brooklyn Bridge opened by Pres Arthur & Gov Cleveland 
May 26
11th Preakness: G Barbee aboard Jacobus wins in 2:42.5 
May 27
Tsar Alexander III crowned in Moscow 
May 30
Stampede caused by a rumor that the Brooklyn Bridge was going to collapse kills 12 
May 31
French fleet under Pierre begins siege of Tamatave, Madagascar 
Jun 2
1st night baseball under lights, Fort Wayne Indiana 
Jun 2
Chicago's "El" opens to traffic 
Jun 9
17th Belmont: Jim McLaughlin aboard George Kinney wins in 2:42.5 
Jun 16
1st baseball "Ladies' Day" (NY Gothams beat Cleve Spiders 5-2) 
Jun 16
The Victoria Hall theatre panic in Sunderland, England kills 183 children 
Jul 1
ANWB forms in Utrecht 
Jul 3
SS Daphne sinks on Clyde River Scotland; 195 die 
Jul 4
Buffalo Bill Cody presents 1st wild west show, North Platte, Nebr 
Jul 16
7th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: William Renshaw beats E Renshaw (2-6 6-3 6-3 4-6 6-3) 
Jul 24
Arabi Pasha declares a holy war in Egypt 
Jul 28
Shocks triggered by volcano Epomeo (Isle of Ischia, Italy) destroyed 1,200 houses at Casamicciola killing 2,000 
Aug 1
A papyrus offered to British Museum for £10,000 (forgery) 
Aug 1
Amsterdam's Grand Hotel Krasnapolsky gets electric lights 
Aug 1
Inland postal service begins in Great Britain 
Aug 12
The last quagga (zebra subspecies) dies at the Artis Magistra zoo in Amsterdam. 
Aug 17
The first public performance of the Dominican Republic's national anthem, Himno Nacional. 
Aug 21
Providence shuts out Phillies 28-0 
Aug 23
Phillies make 27 errors against Providence (wild pitches, walks & & passballs count as errors prior to 1888) 
Aug 27
Krakatoa, west of Java, explodes with a force of 1,300 megatons and kills approximately 40,000 people 
Aug 29
Seismic sea waves created by Krakatoa eruption create a rise in English Channel 32 hrs after explosion 
Sep 6
Cub's Burns (extra bases), Williamson & Pfeiffer get 3 hits in 1 inn 
Sep 8
NY Giants score 13 runs in an inning against Phillies 
Sep 8
Northern Pacific RR's last spike driven at Independence Creek, Mont 
Sep 11
James Cutler patents postal mail chute 
Sep 13
Hugh Daily, a one-armed pitcher for Cleveland (Forest City), tosses 1-0 no-hitter against Philadelphia 
Sep 21
1st direct US-Brazil telegraph connection 
Sep 24
National black convention meets in Louisville, Kentucky 
Oct 4
Orient Express' 1st run, linking Turkey to Europe by rail 
Oct 4
First meeting of the Boys' Brigade in Glasgow, Scotland. 
Oct 15
Supreme Court declares Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional 
Oct 20
Max Bruch's "Kol Nidre," 1st performed 
Oct 20
Treaty of Ancon, Peru cedes Tarapaca to Chile 
Oct 22
1st NY Horse Show held (Madison Sq Garden) 
Oct 22
Original Metropolitan Opera House (NYC) grand opening (Faust) 
Oct 30
Austria-Hungary, Germany and Romania sign military treaty 
Nov 3
Race riots in Danville Virginia (4 blacks killed) 
Nov 3
US Supreme Court decides Native Americans can't be Americans 
Nov 3
American Old West: Self-described "Black Bart the poet" gets away with his last stagecoach robbery, but leaves an incriminating clue that eventually leads to his capture. 
Nov 5
Battle at El Obeid Sudan: Mahdi's army destroys Egyptian army 
Nov 5
Musical "Cordelia's Aspirations" premieres in NYC 
Nov 6
NYAC organizes 1st American cross-country championship race 
Nov 8
English freighter Nisero stranded at Atjeh (crew taken hostage) 
Nov 10
Toronto Argonauts defeat Ottawa FC 9-7, for 1st ORFU Championship 
Nov 18
Antonin Dvorák's "Husitska" premieres 
Nov 18
Standard time zones forms by railroads in US & Canada 
Dec 2
John Brahms' 3rd Symphony in F, premieres 
Dec 3
48th US Congress (1883-85) convenes 
Dec 9
New Brunswick adopts Eastern Standard Time (until 1902) 
Dec 20
Intl cantilever railway bridge opens at Niagara Falls 
Dec 22
August Strindberg's "Lycko-Pers Reja" premieres 
Dec 26
The Harbour Grace Affray between Irish Catholics and Protestant Orangemen causes five deaths in Newfoundland. 
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