Second Punic War: Battle of the Trebia - Hannibal's Carthaginian forces defeat those of the Roman Republic.
Lucius Cornelius Sulla, at the head of a Roman Republic army, enters Athens, removing the tyrant Aristion who was supported by troops of Mithridates VI of Pontus.
Julius Caesar, Dictator of the Roman Republic, is stabbed to death by Marcus Junius Brutus, Gaius Cassius Longinus, Decimus Junius Brutus and several other Roman senators on the Ides of March.
Octavian (later known as Augustus) enters Alexandria, Egypt, bringing it under the control of the Roman Republic.
San Marino, one of the smallest nations in the world and the world's oldest republic still in existence, is founded by Saint Marinus.
French republic chooses Robert I, King of France
Republic day of Gelnhausen
Republic of Dubrovnik is founded
Troops of the Republic of Venice capture Udine, ending the independenceo f the Patriarchate of Aquileia.
Christopher Columbus' ship Santa Maria lands at Dominican Republic
Pope Julius II excommunicates the republic of Venice
Florence becomes a republic
Watergeuzen capture Brielle from the Spaniards, during the Eighty Years' War, gaining the first foothold on land for what would become the Dutch Republic.
Union of Utrecht signed, forming protestant Dutch Republic
Treaty of Utrecht signed, marks beginning of Dutch Republic
An Act declaring England a Commonwealth is passed by the Long Parliament. England would be a republic for the next eleven years.
Battle of Plymouth: General-at-Sea George Ayscue of the Commonwealth of England attacked a convoy of the Dutch Republic commanded by Vice-Commodore Michiel de Ruyter. Dutch victory
The Treaty of The Hague is signed whereby the Dutch Republic sells New Holland (Brazil) for 63 tonnes of gold
The Treaty of Passarowitz between the Ottoman Empire, Austria and the Republic of Venice is signed.
John Adams secures Dutch Republic's recognition of the United States as an independent government and house he purchased in The Hague, Netherlands became first American embassy.
Colonel Napoléon Bonaparte is promoted to full general and appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Armies of the French Republic.
French First Republic formed by the National Convention, stripping French King of his powers
The first republican state in Germany, the Republic of Mainz, is declared by Andreas Joseph Hofmann.
Battle of Fleurus; major victory by forces of the First French Republic under General Jean-Baptiste Jourdan over the Coalition Army (Great Britain, Hanover, Dutch Republic, and Habsburgs) first use of reconnaissance balloon
Hedges Treaty: Bataafse Republic becomes French vassel state
Lombardian Republic forms
Napoleon forms Ligurian Republic
Louis Alexandre Berthier invaded Rome, on February 15 proclaimed a Roman Republic and then on February 20 take Pope Pius VI as a prisoner.
The French army enters Rome: the birth of the Roman Republic.
Republic of Switzerland forms
Britain & Russia decide to invade Bataafse Republic
Napoleon Bonaparte elected president of Italian (Cisalpine) Republic
Batavian Republic becomes Kingdom of Holland
City of Kraków (Poland) declared a free republic state by the Congress of Vienna
Haiti invades the newly founded Dominican Republic.
Mexico becomes a republic
Benjamin W. Edwards rides into Mexican controlled Nacogdoches, Texas and declares himself ruler of the Republic of Fredonia.
Republic of Ecuador is founded, with Juan Jose Flores as president
Republic of Texas declares independence from Mexico
Sam Houston elected president of Republic of Texas
Sam Houston inaugurated as 1st elected pres of Republic of Texas
US President Andrew Jackson & Congress recognizes Republic of Texas
Guatemala forms republic
Dominican Republic gains independence from Haiti (National Day)
President Tyler signs a resolution annexing the Republic of Texas
California (Bear Flag) Republic proclaimed in Sonoma, declaring independence from Mexico
Joseph Jenkins Roberts is sworn in as the first President of the independent African Republic of Liberia.
King Louis-Philippe abdicates, 2nd French republic declared
2nd French Republic proclaimed
2nd republic established in France
New Roman Republic established.
Roman Republic declared in Rome replacing following flight of Pope Pius IX
Battle of Novara (King Charles Albert vs Italian republic)
Hungarian Republic proclaimed
Hungarian Republic crushed by Austria & Russia
French President Charles Louis Bonaparte in a Coup d'etat overthrows the Second Republic establishing himself as Emperor.
Filibuster William Walker proclaims Republic of Sonora in NW Mexico
Russian Republic Chancellor Earl von Nesselrode resigns
Anson Jones, the last President of the Republic of Texas, commits suicide.
Julia Ward Howe committed "Battle Hymn of the Republic" to paper
Julia Howe publishes "Battle Hymn of Republic"
Battle of Port Republic, last of 5 battles in Jacksons Valley camp
Restoration Day in the Dominican Republic: The Dominican Republic regains its independence after 4 years of fighting against the Spanish Annexation.
First national convention of Grand Army of Republic (veterans' org)
Shogunate rebels found Ezo Republic in Hokkaidō.
Surrender and dissolution of the Ezo Republic to Japan.
The Republic of Klipdrift is proclaimed by Transvaal President Andries Pretorius after the discovery of diamonds in South Africa in 1866 resulted in a flood of treasure hunters; ownership of the diamond fields was contested by the Boer republics
The Republic of Ploieşti, a failed Radical-Liberal rising against Domnitor Carol of Romania.
The Third French Republic proclaimed as French overthrow Emperor Napoleon III (who ironically was the elected president of the Second French Republic) after his defeat by Prussia at Sedan
German republic chancellor Bismarck delegates end of "Socialism"
Transvaal region declares itself as the Republic of South Africa
The first public performance of the Dominican Republic's national anthem, Himno Nacional.
Dom Pedro II, Emperor of Brazil, deposed; republic proclaimed
German emperor Wilhelm II fires republic chancellor Otto Von Bismarck
Queen Liliuokalani deposed, Kingdom of Hawaii becomes a republic
Republic of Hawaii proclaimed, Sanford B Dole as president
First election of Hawaiian Republic
The Republic of Formosa is formed, with Tang Ching-sung as the president.
The Republic of Formosa collapses as Japanese forces invade.
A treaty annexing the Republic of Hawaii to the United States is signed; the Republic would not be dissolved until a year later.
Emilio Aguinaldo is sworn in as President of the First Philippine Republic.
South Africa Boer Republic declares war on Britain
Paul Kruger, President of the Boer Republic of South Africa, flees its capital, Pretoria, and goes to Watervalboven to evade the advancing British.
Pretoria, capital of the Boer Republic of South Africa, falls to the British led by General Buller
With a proclamation by General Lord Roberts, Britain annexes the Boer Republic of South Africa
Victory Theater (Republic, Belasco) opens at 207 W 42nd St NYC
Great Britain annexes the former Boer South African Republic, renaming it the Transvaal Colony
Paul Kruger, exiled President of the Boer Republic of South Africa, is given a popular welcome when he lands at Marseilles, France
Panama and Colombia wake up to news that the insurrectionists have declared an independent Republic of Panama
The US begins supervision of the Dominican Republic's national and international debts, testing Roosevelt's 'Corollary' to the Monroe Doctrine
(November 12 & November 13) Norway holds a referendum in favor of monarchy over republic.
A workers uprising occurs, establishing the Shuliavka Republic in Kiev.
Republic museum opens Rembrandt hall in Amsterdam
Belgian-British "Union Minière du Haut Katanga" mining company created in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo
US proclaims protectorate over Dominican Republic
Portugal becomes a republic, King Manuel II flees to England
Portugal overthrows monarchy, proclaims republic
Sun Yat-sen becomes the first President of the Republic of China.
Sun Yat-sen elected 1st pres of Republic of China
Sun Yat-sen forms Chinese Republic
The Republic of China is established.
Chinese republic proclaimed in Tibet
Yuan Shih-k'ai, president of the new Chinese republic, dissolves parliament and prepares a constitution of his own design: he will set himself up as dictator, preparatory to an attempt to make himself emperor
A petition is written and submitted by the black and coloured women of the Orange Free State, an independent Boer sovereign republic in southern Africa, against the carrying of passes by women
The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union.
The first issue of The New Republic magazine is published.
Japan issues the "Twenty-One Demands" to the Republic of China in a bid to increase its power in East Asia.
US marines invade Dominican Republic, stay until 1924
US forces invade Dominican Republic, stay until 1924
US declares martial law in Dominican Republic
Russia proclaimed a republic by Alexander Kerensky's Provisional government
Ukrainian Republic declared
Moldavian Republic declares independence from Russia
Ukraine proclaimed a free republic (German puppet)
Russia declared a republic of Soviets
Terek Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR (until 1921)
The Belarusian People's Republic is established.
Georgian Social Democratic Republic declares independence from Russia
Azerbaijan gains independence and declares itself a Democratic Republic
Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic forms
Czechoslovakia forms independent republic
Yugoslavia proclaims itself a republic
Short-lived Banat Republic founded in territory where Romania, Hungary and Serbia meet
Republic of Poland proclaimed
Bavaria proclaims itself a republic
Republic Germany proclaimed
Emperor Karl of Austria-Hungary abdicates, Austria becomes a republic
Republic of Czechoslovakia created with T.G. Masaryk as president
Hungarian People's Republic declared
City of Bremen's Soviet Republic overthrown
The Establishment of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.
The Republic of Prekmurje founded - a short-lived, unrecognised state, which on June 6, 1919 was incorporated into the newly established Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed "Yugoslavia" in 1929).
Rhineland Republic forms in Wiesbaden
The Republic of Prekmurje ends.
Romanian forces bring down Hungarian Soviet Republic in Budapest
Weimar Republic begins in Germany
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who founded the Republic of Turkey, gathers a congress in Sivas to make decisions as to the future of Anatolia and Thrace.
Admiral Horthy conquerors Budapest from Béla Kuns Soviet Republic
Lithuania & USSR sign peace treaty, Lithuania becomes independent republic
Mountain Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR
Constituent Assembly of the Democratic Republic of Georgia adopts the country's first constitution.
Tbilisi, capital of the Democratic Republic of Georgia, occupied by Bolshevist Russia.
The Second Republic of Poland adopts the March Constitution.
Tannu Tuva, later Tuvinian People's Republic is established as a completely independent country (which is supported by Russia).
Republic rebels occupies 4 government courts in Dublin
German Republic day with laws against worker
Greek king George II overthrown by army/republic
Greek parliament proclaims republic
German Republic day
Greece becomes a republic
Greek plebiscite for a republic
German Republic election fascists & communists win
After 8 years of occupation, US troops leave Dominican Republic
German Republic day accepts Dawes plan
Mongolian People's Republic proclaimed
Albania becomes a republic (ex-premier Ahmed Zogoe's coup)
Albanian parliament announces itself a republic; Ahmed Zogoe president
Albania Republic proclaimed under Pres Achmed Zogu
Sholom Schwartzbard assassinates Symon Petliura, the head of the Paris-based government-in-exile of Ukrainian People's Republic.
President of the Republic of China Zhang Zuolin is assassinated by Japanese agents.
The Nationalist Republic of China is recognised by the United States.
Hurricane kills 2,000, injures 4,000 (Dominican Republic)
A bloodless coup d'état in Brazil ousts Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa, the last President of the First Republic. Getúlio Vargas then installed as "provisional president."
Spain becomes republic with overthrow of King Alfonso XIII
Chinese People's Republic proclaimed by Mao Zedong
Spain becomes a republic
German Republic gives power to Hitler
Far right leagues rally in front of the Palais Bourbon in an attempted coup against the French Third Republic, creating a political crisis in France.
Ho-Umezu Agreement: the Republic of China, under KMT administration, recognizes Japanese occupations in Northeast China.
Aer Lingus (Aer Loingeas) is founded by the Irish government as the national airline of the Republic of Ireland.
Police kill 10 strikers at Republic Steel Plant in Chicago
Nazi Germany dissolves Republic of Czechoslovakia
Hungary annexes republic of Karpato-Ukraine
Karelo-Finnish SSR becomes 12th Soviet republic (until 1956)
Republic of Croatia orders all Jews to wear a star with the letter Z
All Kalmyk inhabitants of of the Russian Republic of Kalmukkie deported by the Soviet Union to Central Asia and Siberia. Many die on route
Republic of Iceland proclaimed at Thingvallir, Iceland
Tuvinian People's Republic or formerly Tannu Tuva was annexed by the U.S.S.R
2nd Republic of Austria forms
Yugoslavian Socialist Republic proclaimed
Austrian Republic re-establishes
National Assembly proclaims Hungary a republic
Yugoslavia adopts new constitution, becomes a federal republic
Republic of Hungary proclaimed, Zolt n Tildy as communist president
The Proclamation of Hungarian Republic is made.
Italian plebiscite chooses republic over monarchy (National Day)
Italian Republic established
President Manuel Roxas was inaugurated as the 5th President of the Philippines and the first president of the Third Republic at the Independence Grandstand in Manila
An earthquake of magnitude 8.0 hits northern Dominican Republic. 100 are killed and 20,000 are left homeless.
4th French republic established
France's Fourth Republic is founded.
The Constitution of the Republic of China goes into effect.
Romanian republic proclaimed
North Korea proclaims itself People's Democratic Republic of Korea
The First Legislative Yuan of the Republic of China officially convenes in Nanking.
Proclamation of constitution of Republic of (South) Korea
Republic of Korea (South Korea) proclaimed (National Day)
Communist form North China People's Republic
People's Democratic Republic of Korea proclaimed
The 1948 Ashgabat earthquake kills 100,000 in the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic.
Republic of Ireland withdraws from British Commonwealth
British government recognises Republic of Ireland (previously Irish Free State)
Federal Republic of [West] Germany proclaimed (Republic Day)
Bao Dai's Republic of Vietnam gains independence from France
Republic Indonesia proclaims cease fire
Hungary (Magyar People's Republic) accepts constitution
Chinese Communist leaders proclaim People's Republic of China
Federal Republic of [West] Germany created under 3-power occupation
People's Republic of China proclaimed by Mao Zedong (National Day)
Republic of China (Taiwan) forms on island of Formosa
USSR recognizes People's Republic of China
German Democratic Republic formed from Russian occupation zone (National Day). Wilhelm Pieck becomes 1st president, Otto Greatwohl becomes 1st premier
India adopts a constitution as a British Commonwealth Republic
Burma recognizes People's Republic of China
India recognizes People's Republic of China
18 countries recognize Republic Indonesia
India becomes a republic, ceasing to be a British dominion
Netherlands recognizes People's Republic of China
Independent republic of South Molukkas declared
New marriage laws enforced in People's Republic of China
Dutch PM Malan recognizes South-Africa but not China People's Republic
Henri Queuille is elected the seventh Prime Minister of the Fourth French Republic.
UN reject membership of China's People Republic
Sukarno appointed president of Republic Indonesia
UN condemns People's Republic of China as aggressor in Korea
Philippine School of Commerce, through a republic act, is converted to Philippine College of Commerce; later to be the Polytechnic University of the Philippines.
US Senate rejects China People's Republic membership to UN
Egypt proclaimed a republic, General Neguib becomes president
Konrad Adenauer's CDU wins elections in German Federal Republic
Pakistan becomes islamic republic
USSR ends state of war with German Federal Republic
German Federal Republic joins NATO
Ngo Dinh Diem proclaims Vietnam a republic with himself as pres
Islamic Republic forms in Pakistan
Pakistan proclaimed an Islamic republic in Commonwealth (Natl Day)
Egypt recognizes People's Republic of China
The Loi Cadre is passed by the French Republic in order to order French overseas territory affairs.
Republic of India adopts Saka calendar along with Gregorian
Monarchy in Tunisia abolished in favor of a republic
German Democratic Republic recalls OstMark & issues new currency
Egypt & Syria announce plans to merge into United Arab Republic
Syria joins Egypt in United Arab Republic
Gamel Abdel Nasser nominated 1st president of United Arab Republic
Egypt-Syria as United Arab Republic elect Nasser president (99.9% vote)
Egypt & Syria form United Arab Republic (UAR)
Yemen announces it would join the United Arab Republic
French Guinee becomes independent republic Guinea
5th French republic forms
Fifth Republic of France is established.
Malagasy Republic becomes autonomous republic in French Community
Chad becomes an autonomous republic within French community
Cuban Dictator Fulgencio Batista flees Cuba for the Dominican Republic
Chad becomes autonomous republic in French Community
Charles de Gaulle inaugurated as pres of France's 5th Republic
Liu Sjau-chi elected president of China People's Republic
The last Canadian missionary leaves the People's Republic of China.
Saar becomes part of German Federal Republic
The independent Somali Democratic Republic, commonly known as Somalia, is formed out of former British and Italian territories
Ghana becomes a republic
Congo, Chad & Central African Republic declare independence
Central African Republic & Chad proclaim independence from France
UN peace-keeping troops deployed to the Republic of Congo
Republic of Congo (Zaire, Dem Rep of Congo) forms
German Democratic Republic limits access to East-Berlin for West Berliners
Three of the four Mirabal sisters, opponents of the dictatorship of Rafael Trujillo of the Dominican Republic, are assassinated.
Republic of Rwanda proclaimed
Long time Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo is assassinated in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.
Union of South Africa becomes a republic, leaves Commonwealth
Syria withdraws from United Arab Republic
East & West Cameroon merge as Federal Republic of Cameroon
The independent Republic of West Papua is proclaimed in modern-day Western New Guinea.
Yemen Arab Republic proclaimed (National Day)
Tanganyika becomes a republic within British Commonwealth
Katanga becomes part of Democratic Republic of Congo
Yugoslavia proclaimed a Socialistic republic
Independence is restored to Dominican Republic
Nigeria becomes a republic within Commonwealth
Hurricane Flora hits Haiti & Dominican Republic, kills 7,190
Tanganyika & Zanzibar form The United Republic of Tanganyika & Zanzibar
Kenya becomes a republic and Jomo Kenyatta its President
The United Republic of Tanganyika & Zanzibar renamed The United Republic of Tanzania
People's Republic China offers North Vietnam military aid
Military coup under Donald Reid Cabral in Dominican Republic
US marines invade Dominican Republic, stay until October 1966
Republic of Maldives gains independence from Britain (Natl Day)
Garcia Godoy forms government in Dominican Republic
Radio Mil (Domincan Republic) transmitter blown up
Milt coup by Col Jean-Bédell Bokassa in Central African Republic
Joaquin Balaguer elected president of Dominican Republic
Malawi becomes a republic, Dr Hastings Kamuzu Banda becomes president
Coup in Burundi overthrows monarchy; a republic is declared
Dominican Republic adopts constitution
Uganda abolishes traditional tribal kingdoms, becomes a republic
NLF leaves People's Republic of South-Yemen
People's Democratic Republic of Yemen declares independence from the UK
Terence O'Neill, then Northern Ireland Prime Minister, travelles to Dublin to meet with Jack Lynch, Irish Prime Minister, to continue discussions on matters of joint interest to Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland
Republic Guinea forms (day of republic)
Maldives (in Indian Ocean) becomes a republic
The UVF plant their first bomb in the Republic of Ireland, damaging the RTÉ Television Centre in Dublin
Congo-Brazzaville becomes People's republic, under major Ngouabi
Republic Biafra disbands/joins Nigeria
Guyana becomes a republic (National Day)
Rhodesia becomes independent republic
Gambia becomes a republic within Commonwealth
Khmer Republic (Cambodia) declares independence
A man dies in a premature bomb explosion in Dublin, Republic of Ireland
Independent People's Republic of South Yemen renames itself as People's Democratic Republic of Yemen
Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) adopts constitution
President Nixon ends blockade against People's Republic of China
People's Republic Bangladesh forms, under sheik Mujib ur-Rahman
Sierra Leone becomes a republic (Natl Day)
A member of the Official Irish Republican Army (OIRA) is killed in a premature explosion in County Tipperary, Republic of Ireland
A number of Unionists resign over the proposed tripartite talks involving Northern Ireland, Britain, and the Republic of Ireland
Tripartite talks involving the prime ministers of Northern Ireland, Britain, and the Taoiseach (Irish Prime Minister) of the Republic of Ireland take place at Chequers, England
Republic of Congo-Kinshasa becomes Republic of Zaire
China People's Republic seated in UN Security Council
Leader of the British Labour Party Harold Wilson proposes that Britain should work towards a withdrawal from Northern Ireland, with the consent of Protestants, after a period of 15 years; as part of the proposal the Republic of Ireland would rejoin the British Commonwealth
The government of the Republic of Ireland states that it will take the allegations of brutality against the security forces in Northern Ireland to the European Court of Human Rights
Republic of Cameroon declared as constitution is ratified
Ceylon becomes Republic of Sri Lanka as its constitution is ratified
In the Republic of Ireland, the Special Criminal Court is re-instituted to deal with crimes arising out of the Northern Ireland conflict; as part of the measures trial by jury is suspended.
Japan & People's Republic of China begin diplomatic relations
Goverment of the Republic of Ireland introduce a bill to remove the special position of the Catholic Church from the Irish Constitution
Vice-President of Sinn Féin Maire Drumm is arrested in the Republic of Ireland
Taoiseach Jack Lynch met with British Prime Minister Edward Heath in London to give Irish approval to Attlee's paper that said new arrangements should be 'acceptable to and accepted by the Republic of Ireland'
2 people killed and 127 injured when 2 car bombs explode in the centre of Dublin, Republic of Ireland
2 people are killed in a Loyalist bomb attack on the village of Belturbet, County Cavan, Republic of Ireland
President of Sinn Féin Ruairi O Bradaigh is arrested and held under new legislation in Republic of Ireland
Martin McGuinness is arrested and held under the new Republic of Ireland legislation
A car bomb explodes in Sackville Place, Dublin, Republic of Ireland, killing 1 person and injuring 17 (no organisation claimed responsibility)
Greek Pres Papadopoulos asks for "parliamentary presidential republic"
Greek plebiscite chooses republic over monarchy
Libya & Tunisia announces they are merging as "Islamic Arab Republic"
Ayatollah Khomeini calls for an Islamic Republic in Iran
The Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF)explode four bombs in the Republic of Ireland, killing 33 civilians and wounded a further 300(This is the highest number of casualties in a single incident during "The Troubles")
Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) suspends constitution
US & German Democratic Republic establish diplomatic relations
German Democratic Republic amends constitution
Malta becomes a republic
After a prolonged liberation struggle against Portuguese colonial rulers, Mozambique becomes independent as People Republic of Mozambique.
Democratic Republic of East-Timor proclaimed
Laos king Sisavang Vatthana resigns, republic forms
Lao People's Democratic Republic founded (National Day)
Constitution of Democratic Republic of Madagascar comes into force
Frente Polisario forms Democratic Republic of Sahara
Christopher Ewart-Biggs, British ambassador to the Republic of Ireland, is assassinated by the Provisional IRA.
Trinidad & Tobago becomes a republic
Libyan Socialist Arabs People's Republic forms
South Africa opposition party, the New Republic Party (NRP), is formed after the integration of the United Party (UP) and Democratic Party (DP)
People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (South) adopts constitution
US & China (Peoples Republic) begin diplomatic relations
Denis Sassou-Nguesso became the President of the Republic of the Congo for the first time.
Iran proclaimed an Islamic Republic following fall of Shah
People's Republic of China joins IOC
Military coup under general Kolingba in Central African Republic, President Dacko flees
Conch Republic is established - secession of the Florida Keys from the United States of America
Mariasela Alvarez of Dominican Republic, crowned 32nd Miss World
Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus proclaimed
Republic of Upper Volta becomes Bourkina Faso (National Day)
Ethiopia forms socialist republic
Republic of Ireland gains consultative role in Northern Ireland
Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh visit the People's Republic of China
Republic of Marshall Islands signs Compact of Free Association with US
Central African Republic adopts constitution
Military coup leader Maj-Gen Sitiveni Rabuka declares Fiji a republic
The Republic of Ireland beats England 1-0 at Euro88 thanks to a headed goal by Ray Houghton. This is Ireland's first competitive match at a major football tournament.
FDIC bails out 1st Republic Bank, Dallas, with $4 billion
Republic Day in Sierra Leone
Hungary proclaims itself a republic & declares communist rule ended
Dominican Republic President Joaquín Ricardo Balaguer re-elected
North & South Yemen merge to form Republic of Yemen
Boris Yeltsin is elected president of the Russian republic
German Democratic Republic accepts Deutsche Mark as its currency
Supreme Soviet of Kirghiz SSR chooses Askar Akayev as republic's first president.
Independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic is renamed the Russian Federation, becoming the successor state to the Soviet Union.
Mauritius becomes a republic while remaining a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
Republika Srpska (aka the Bosnian Serb Republic) announces its independence.
The National Assembly of Vietnam adopts the 1992 Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, comprising Serbia and Montenegro, is proclaimed.
Li Hongzhi gave the first public lecture on Falun Gong in Changchun, People's Republic of China.
Diplomatic relations are established between the People's Republic of China and South Korea.
Czechoslovakia separates into Czech Republic (Bohemia) & Slovakia
The Fourth Republic of Ghana is inaugurated with Jerry Rawlings as President.
Jiang Zemin is appointed President of the People's Republic of China.
Central African Republic ex-emperor Bokassa freed
Joaquín Balaguer (86) elected President of Dominican Republic
Population of People's Republic of China hits 1.2 billion
"Batman Forever" released Czech Republic
The Czech Republic applies for membership of the European Union.
A peace agreement is signed between the Government of the Republic of the Philippines and the Moro National Liberation Front in Malacañang Palace.
The Republic of Angola officially joins the World Trade Organization.
The Republic of Zaïre officially joins the World Trade Organization, as Zaïre.
The People's Republic of China announces it will spend $27.7 billion USD to fight erosion and pollution in the Yangtze and Yellow river valleys.
Republic of Texas security chief Robert Scheidt surrenders
In the Central African Republic, soldiers fire on foreign peacekeepers in the third major rebellion since May
Britain hands Hong Kong and the New Territories - ceded in 1841 - to the People's Republic of China.
NATO invites Poland, Hungary & Czech Republic to join
The South African soccer team, Bafana Bafana wins against the national team of the Democratic Republic of the Congo at First National Bank stadium, Johannesburg, South Africa
After a brief civil war which has driven President Pascal Lissouba out of Brazzaville, Denis Sassou-Nguesso proclaims himself the President of the Republic of the Congo.
After nearly 18 years of incarceration, the People's Republic of China releases Wei Jingsheng, a pro-democracy dissident, from jail for medical reasons.
The Dominican Republic becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
A Congo Airlines Boeing 727 is shot down by rebels in Kindu, Democratic Republic of the Congo, killing 40 people.
Tony Blair becomes the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom to address the Republic of Ireland's parliament.
A China Southern Airlines Tupolev TU-154 airliner crashes on approach to Wenzhou airport in eastern the People's Republic of China, killing 61.
Former Warsaw Pact members the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland join NATO.
Kosovo War: In Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, three Chinese citizens are killed and 20 wounded when a NATO aircraft bombs the Chinese embassy in Belgrade.
The United States House of Representatives releases the Cox Report which details the People's Republic of China's nuclear espionage against the U.S. over the prior two decades.
Kosovo War: the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and North Atlantic Treaty Organization sign a peace treaty.
Kosovo War: Operation Joint Guardian begins - a NATO-led United Nations peacekeeping force KFor enters the province of Kosovo in Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
Falun Gong is banned in the People's Republic of China, and a large scale crackdown of the practice is launched.
In Belgrade tens of thousands of Serbians rally to demand the resignation of Slobodan Milošević as president of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
Australians vote to keep the British monarch as their head of state in the Australian republic referendum.
Shenzhou 1: The People's Republic of China launches its first Shenzhou spacecraft.
Former president of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Slobodan Milošević surrenders to police special forces, to be tried on charges of war crimes.
The detained crew of a United States EP-3E aircraft that landed in Hainan, People's Republic of China after a collision with an J-8 fighter is released.
An agreement is reached on the position of the minority Albanian language in the Republic of Macedonia.
NATO decides to send a peace-keeping force to the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
In New York City, American Airlines Flight 587, an Airbus A300 on its way to the Dominican Republic, crashes minutes after takeoff from John F. Kennedy International Airport, killing all 260 on board and five on the ground.
The People's Republic of China joins the World Trade Organization.
The People's Republic of China is granted permanent normal trade relations with the United States.
Mount Nyiragongo erupts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, displacing an estimated 400,000 people.
The trial of former President of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Slobodan Milošević begins at the United Nations war crimes tribunal in The Hague. He eventually dies four years later before its conclusion.
Enlargement of the European Union: The European Union announces that Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia will become members from May 1, 2004.
The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is officially renamed Serbia and Montenegro and adopts a new constitution.
Hu Jintao takes over presidency for the People's Republic of China.
The People's Republic of China begins filling the reservoir behind the Three Gorges Dam.
The Republic of Ireland becomes the first country in the world to ban smoking in all work places, including bars and restaurants.
Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia join the European Union, celebrated at the residence of the Irish President in Dublin.
89 passengers die after two airliners explode after flying out of Domodedovo International Airport, near Moscow. The explosions were caused by suicide bombers (reportedly female) from the Russian Republic of Chechnya.
The Taiwanese government calls on 1 million Taiwanese to demonstrate in Taipei, in opposition to the Anti-Secession Law of the People's Republic of China. Around 200,000 to 300,000 attend the walk.
Italy's choice of national anthem, Il Canto degli Italiani, becomes official in law for the first time, almost 60 years after it was provisionally chosen following the birth of the republic.
94th Davis Cup: Croatia beats Slovak Republic in Bratislava (3-2)
The Lake Tanganyika earthquake causes significant damage, mostly in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The Republic of Montenegro holds a referendum proposing independence from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. The Montenegrin people choose independence with a majority of 55%.
The Republic of Montenegro was admitted as the 192nd Member of the United Nations by General Assembly resolution 60/264.
The first operation of Qinghai-Tibet Railway in the People's Republic of China.
The Federal Republic of Germany is deemed guilty in the loss of Bashkirian 2937 and DHL Flight 611, because it is illegal to outsource flight surveillance.
the National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia adopted the Constitutional Act that proclaimed the new Constitution of Serbia.
The former Soviet republic of South Ossetia holds a referendum on independence from Georgia.
Francesco Cossiga, Italian politician and former President of the Italian Republic, resigned from his position as lifetime senator.
Republic Protests in Turkey.
Republic Protests in Turkey.
Republic of Lakotah asserts independence from the United States
The Lakotah people, a Native American tribe, proclaim independence and withdraw all their treaties with the United States. They then proceed to establish the Republic of Lakotah, with an ongoing process of international recognition as a separate country.
The Schengen Agreement area increases to include 9 European Union member states; Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia on land and sea borders.
Nepal declared a federal democratic Republic by interim parliament, abolishing the monarchy.
The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly of Nepal formally declares Nepal a republic, ending the 240-year reign of the Shah dynasty.
The government of the Republic of China adopts Hanyu Pinyin as its official Chinese romanization (before this time, the most commonly used was Tongyong Pinyin.
Ethnic rioting broke out in Ürümqi, Xinjiang, People's Republic of China
98th Davis Cup: Spain beats Czech Republic in Barcelona (5-0)
Oil tanker truck explosion in South Kivu, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, kills at least 230 people
Ma Ying-jeou wins re-election as President of the Republic of China with 51% of the vote
Munitions dump explosions kill at least 250 people in the Republic of Congo
Joachim Gauck elected President of the Federal republic of Germany by the Federal Assembly
20 people in the Democratic Republic of the Congo die from the Ebola virus
101st Davis Cup: Czech Republic beats Spain in Prague (3-2)
The Seleka rebel coalition kills 15 people during its capture of Bria, the Central African Republic
The Seleka rebel coalition takes over Bambari, the third largest town in the Central African Republic
Miloš Zeman wins the Czech Republic's presidential election
5 people are killed and 11 are injured after a gas explosion destroyed an apartment complex in Frenštát pod Radhoštěm, Czech Republic
Xi Jinping is named as the new President of the People's Republic of China
37 people are killed after a gold mine collapses in the Central African Republic
60 people are killed in conflict between rebels and loyalists in the Central African Republic
60 people are killed in clashes between militias and Seleka rebels in the Central African Republic
102nd Davis Cup: Czech Republic beats Serbia in Belgrade (3-2)
Bohuslav Sobotka becomes Prime Minister of the Czech Republic
Republic of Crimea announces a referendum & ousts its regional government
The Republic of Crimea is declared
60 people are killed & 80 are injured after a train crashes in The Democratic Republic of the Congo
Central African Republic elects former PM Touadera as president
New York to Paris flight diverts to Republic of Ireland to use toilets
nothing here now
Flavius Honorius, emperor East Roman Republic (395-423)
Pope Paul II [Pietro Barbo], Venice, Republic of Venice, Pope (1464-71)
Leonardo Loredan, Doge of the Republic of Venice (d. 1521)
Pope Julius II, Albisola, Republic of Genoa, Pope (1503-13), patron of Michelangelo, Bramante, Raphael, (d. 1513)
William V of Orange, Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic
David G. Burnet, interim president of the Republic of Texas (d. 1870)
Adolphe Thiers, 1st president of 3rd French Republic (1871-77)
Jules Grévy, 2nd President of the French Third Republic (d. 1891)
Julia Ward Howe, US, author/lecturer (Battle Hymn of the Republic)
Marthinus Wessels Pretorius, 1st president (Republic South Africa)
Paulus Kruger, Pres of South African Republic (1883), Boer leader
Félix Faure, 6th President of the French Third Republic (d. 1899)
Alfred J. West, The New Republic
Louis Van Deyssel, writer (Small Republic, One Love)
Friedrich Ebert, German politician, 1st Reichspräsident of the Weimar Republic (d. 1925)
Wilhelm Cuno, German ship owner/republic chancellor (1922-23)
Kim Gu, President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea (d. 1949)
Manuel Azaña y Diaz, PM/pres of 2nd Spanish republic (1936-39)
Bela Kun, Czehul Romania, head of Hungarian Soviet Republic (1919)
John A. Costello, second Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland (d. 1976)
Zhou Enlai, Premier of the People's Republic of China (d. 1976)
Joaquin Balaguer, president Dominican Republic
Juan Bosch, poet/pres of Dominican Republic (1962-63)
Sylvstre A Guzman Fernandez, president (Dominican Republic)
Robert B Motherwell, US, painter (Elegies to the Spanish Republic)
Kiro Gligorov, Macedonia, President of the Republic of Macedonia 1991-1999 (d. 2012)
Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, President of the Italian Republic
Heydar Aliyev, Ex-President and Leader of Azerbaijan Republic (d. 2003)
Valdas Adamkus, President of the Republic of Lithuania
Charles David Ganao, Djambala, French Equatorial Africa, Prime Minister of the Republic of the Congo (1996-1997), (d. 2012)
Ozzie Virgil, The Republic of Baseball: The Dominican Giants of the American Game
Wojciech Kilar, Lwów, Second Polish Republic, composer (The Pianist), (d. 2013)
Tassos Papadopoulos, president of the Republic of Cyprus
Mark Strand, American poet/editor/translator (Another Republic)
Stjepan Mesić, president of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Secretary General of Non-Aligned Movement and president of Croatia.
Rafael Campos, Santiago Dominican Republic, actor (Tonka)
Ange-Félix Patassé, President of the Central African Republic
Ali Khamenei, the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Dzhokhar Dudayev, separatist leader and President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria (1991), (d. 1996)
Mary Robinson, pres of Republic of Ireland (Labour, 1990- )
John Bruton, Prime Minister (Republic of Ireland)
Nam Hae-il, Chief of Naval Operations of Republic of Korea Navy
Kim Sung-Il, Chief of Staff of Republic of Korea Air Force
Ma Ying-jeou, President of the Republic of China, former mayor of Taipei, former chairman of the Kuomintang (KMT)
Tom Spackman, Star Wars: The Old Republic
Guoqiang Tang, The Founding of a Republic
Liz Marks, Star Wars: Knights of the Old Republic
Kristoffer Tabori, Star Wars: Knights of the Old Republic
Leonel Fernández, Dominican politician and current President of the Dominican Republic
Ricky Portera, Banana republic
Jianxin Huang, The Founding of a Republic
Kwang-su Park, The Black Republic
Boris Trajkovski, President of the Republic of Macedonia (d. 2004)
Rafael Ferrer, Star Wars: Knights of the Old Republic
Ilham Aliyev, President of Azerbaijan Republic
Toi Cook, Banana Republic
Jack Aurora, Star Wars: The Old Republic
Sammy Sosa, San Pedro de Macorís, Dominican Republic, baseball outfielder (Chicago Cubs)
Manny Alexander, Dominican Republic, infielder (Baltimore Orioles)
Sandra Natasha Abreu, Miss Universe-Dominican Republic (1996)
Sean McKeever, Star Wars: The Old Republic - Shadow of Revan
Martin Damm, Czech Republic, tennis star
Renata Hornofova, Miss Universe-Czech Republic (1996)
Oliver Pearce, Welcome to Republic City
Angie Gregory, The Republic of Rick
Iveta Jankularova, Miss Universe-Slovak Republic (1996)
Cesarina Mejia, Miss Dominican Republic Universe (1997)
Aaron Pushkar, The New Republic
Petra Minarova, Miss Czech Republic Universe (1997)
Tomás Ujfalusi, Group A: Turkey vs. Czech Republic
Lucia Povraznikova, Miss Slovak republic Universe (1997)
Hao Chen, The Founding of a Republic
Héctor Luna, Dominican Republic baseball player
Jan Polák, Group A: Turkey vs. Czech Republic
Paul Keeler, Star Wars: Knights of the Old Republic II - The Sith Lords
Semih Senturk, Group A: Turkey vs. Czech Republic
Jeoff Hanser, The New Republic
Aiden McGeady, Republic of Ireland and Celtic footballer,
Tomas Verner, Czech Republic ice skater
Arda Turan, Group A: Turkey vs. Czech Republic
Özcan Özdemir, The Ottoman Republic
Daryn Rasch, The New Republic
Joe Stewart, The Republic
Industrialist Oskar Schindler (19) weds Emilie Schindler (20) in Svitavy, Czech Republic
Rose Dugdale and Eddie Gallagher become the first convicted prisoners to marry in prison in the history of the Republic of Ireland.
Michael Jackson (35) weds Elvis' daughter Lisa Marie Presley (26) in La Romana, Dominican Republic
Czech Republic's first president Vaclav Havel (60) weds Czech actress Dagmar Havlova (43) in Prague, Czech Republic
Former Atomic Kitten member Kerry Katona (21) weds "Westlife" member Brian McFadden (21) at the Church of the Immaculate Conception in Rathfeigh, County Meath, Republic of Ireland
"Law & Order: Special Victims Unit" actress Diane Neal (28) weds Marcus Fitzgerald on a beach in the Dominican Republic
NBC correspondent Hoda Kotb (41) weds New Orleans tennis coach Burzis Kanga in the Dominican Republic
23rd French Republic President Nicolas Sarkozy (53) weds supermodel-turned-singer Carla Bruni (39) at the Elysee Palace in Paris, France
Ice hockey player star Martin Brodeur (36) weds Genevieve Nault at the Bavaro Princess Resort in the Dominican Republic
"Devious Maids" actress Dania Ramirez (33) weds director Bev Land on the beach in Punta Cana, Dominican Republic
Flavius Honorius, emperor East Roman Republic (395-423), dies
Olybrius, emperor of Westromeinse republic (472), dies
Lodewijk de Duitser, king of East French Republic (833-76), dies at 72
William V of Orange, Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic dies at 58
José Francisco Morazán Quezada, President of The Federal Republic of Central America (b. 1792)
Friedrich Hecker, German revolutionary republic politician, dies at 69
Julia Ward Howe, composer (Battle Hymn of Republic), dies at 91
Ramon Caceres, President (Dominican Republic), murdered
Herbert David Croly, US founder (New Republic), dies at 61
Alfred J. West, The New Republic
Philip Kleintjes, republic leader, dies at 70
Kim Gu, President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea (b. 1876)
Joseph Wirth, 5th Chancellor of the Weimar Republic (Germany) (b. 1876)
Barthelemy Boganda, Central African Republic's 1st president, dies
Sumokil, president of Republic South Moluccas, executed
Zhou Enlai, Premier of the People's Republic of China (b. 1898)
Dzhokhar Dudayev, separatist leader and President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria (1991), dies at 52
Laurent-Désiré Kabila, President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (b. 1939)
Joaquín Balaguer, President of the Dominican Republic (b. 1906)
Soong May-ling, wife of the President of the Republic of China Chiang Kai-shek (b. 1897)
David Dacko, first President of the Central African Republic (b. 1930)
Boris Trajkovski, President of the Republic of Macedonia (b. 1956)
Zhao Ziyang, Premier of the People's Republic of China (b. 1919)
Zheng Xiaoyu, director of the State Food and Drug Administration of the People's Republic of China (b. 1944)
Zbigniew Religa, Minister of Health of the Republic of Poland (b. 1938)
Roh Moo-hyun, 16th President of the Republic of Korea (b. 1946)
Akmal Shaikh, British drug trafficker, executed by lethal injection in the People's Republic of China (b. 1956)
Francesco Cossiga, Italian politician and eighth President of the Italian Republic (b. 1928)
Kiro Gligorov, President of the Republic of Macedonia 1991-1999
Charles David Ganao, Prime Minister of the Republic of the Congo, dies at 85
Former Republic of Ireland player Tony Byrne dies aged 70
|January||1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31|
|February||1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29|
|March||1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31|
|April||1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30|
|May||1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31|
|June||1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30|
|July||1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31|
|August||1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31|
|September||1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30|
|October||1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31|
|November||1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30|
|December||1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31|