History Hop Tags - Railway

Railway - Notable Historical Events

John A. MacdonaldAug 13, 1886

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Railway - Historical Events
Date Event
1803-07-26

The Surrey Iron Railway, arguably the world's first public railway, opens in south London.

1807-03-25

1st railway passenger service began in England

1825-12-27

1st public railway using steam locomotive completed in England between Stockton and Darlington

1826-03-04

1st US RR chartered, Granite Railway in Quincy, Mass

1826-10-07

Granite Railway (1st chartered railway in US) begins operations

1828-03-24

Philadelphia & Columbia Railway (1st state owned) authorized

1828-08-01

Bolton and Leigh Railway opens to freight traffic.

1830-09-15

Duke of Wellington opens Liverpool & Manchester Railway

1832-07-25

1st railroad accident in US, Granite Railway, Quincy, Mass-1 dies

1832-11-26

1st streetcar railway in America starts operating (NYC) (12 cent fare)

1834-05-01

Belgian parliament accepts railway laws

1835-05-05

King Leopold opens Brussels-Mechelen railway

1835-07-09

St Etienne-Lyons railway opens in France

1835-12-07

Bavarian Ludwig railway opens - first German steam railway

1837-07-04

Grand Junction Railway, the world's first long-distance railway, opens between Birmingham and Liverpool.

1837-11-19

Floridsdorf-Deutsch Wagram railway in Austria opens

1843-12-06

Amsterdam-Utrecht railway opens

1845-05-14

Utrecht-Arnhem Railway opens

1847-05-31

Rotterdam-Hague Railway opens

1853-10-23

Maastricht-Aken railway in Netherlands opens

1854-06-23

Antwerp-Roosendaal railway goes into use

1855-01-28

The first locomotive runs from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean on the Panama Railway.

1855-03-08

1st train crosses 1st US railway suspension bridge, Niagara Falls

1855-05-03

Antwerp-Rotterdam railway opens

1855-08-03

Rotterdam-Gouda railway opens

1856-10-20

Arnhem-Oberhausen railway in Netherlands opens

1859-05-04

The Cornwall Railway opens across the Royal Albert Bridge linking the counties of Devon and Cornwall in England.

1861-11-24

Luik-Visé-Maastricht railway opens

1862-09-04

North Beach & Mission Railway Company organized in San Francisco

1863-01-10

1st underground railway opens in London

1863-07-16

Utrecht-Swells railway opens

1863-10-01

Dutch Breda-Tilburg railway opens

1863-10-27

Dutch railway to Harlingen opens

1863-12-15

Romania is using for the first time a mountain railway (from Anina to Oravita).

1864-06-29

Grand Trunk Railway accident; 100 killed

1865-07-31

The first narrow gauge mainline railway in the world opens at Grandchester, Australia.

1865-11-01

Zutphen-Fishing Dutch railway opens

1865-11-06

Maastricht-Venlo railway opens in Netherlands

1865-12-20

De Clear-Alkmaar railway opens

1866-10-01

Dutch Eindhoven-Venlo railway opens

1868-12-10

The first traffic lights are installed outside the Palace of Westminster in London. Resembling railway signals, they use semaphore arms and are illuminated at night by red and green gas lamps.

1870-02-15

Ground broken for Northern Pacific Railway near Duluth, Minn

1870-08-02

Tower Subway, the world's first underground tube railway, opens in London.

1870-08-15

Transcontinental Railway actually completed in Colorado

1871-09-17

Mont Cenis railway tunnel Switzerland opens

1871-11-23

Railway bridge over Dutch Deep opens

1876-05-13

Amersfoort-Zutphen railway opens

1879-05-31

1st electric railway opens at Berlin Trades Exposition

1879-12-28

North British Railway's train falls as Tay bridge collapses (Scot)

1880-02-29

Gotthard railway tunnel between Switzerland & Italy completed

1881-06-02

Haarlem-Zandvoort Railway opens

1883-12-20

Intl cantilever railway bridge opens at Niagara Falls

1884-07-27

The East Cleveland Street Railway Company begins the first U.S. commercial electric streetcar line in Cleveland, Ohio, on the Bentley-Knight system

1885-11-07

Canadian Pacific Railway completed at Craigellachie

1886-08-13

John A. Macdonald uses a silver hammer to pound a gold spike, officially completing the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway in British Columbia

1888-02-02

Frank Sprague opens the first successful U.S. electric street railway system, the Richmond Union Passenger Railway, in Richmond, Virginia

1888-09-01

Dutch Railway Deventer-Almelo opens

1889-06-03

The Canadian Pacific Railway is completed from coast to coast.

1889-11-18

Oahu Railway begins public service in Hawaii

1890-03-04

The longest bridge in the Great Britain, the Forth Bridge (railway) (1,710 ft) in Scotland is opened by the Prince of Wales, who later became King Edward VII.

1890-12-22

Cornwallis Valley Railway begins operation between Kingsport and Kentville, Nova Scotia.

1891-05-31

Work on trans-Siberian railway begins

1891-06-29

Street railway in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, commences operation.

1891-11-10

Granville T Woods patents electric railway

1893-01-01

The railway line from Germiston to Pretoria, South Africa, is opened to traffic.

1893-01-06

Great Northern Railway connects Seattle with east coast

1894-06-25

American Railway Union under Eugene V Debs goes on strike

1895-03-19

Los Angeles Railway established to provide streetcar service

1895-07-08

Delagoa Bay Railway opens in South-Africa

1896-12-14

The Glasgow Underground Railway is opened by the Glasgow District Subway Company.

1897-08-17

W B Purvis patents electric railway switch

1898-10-01

Dutch railway Alkmaar-Receiver opens

1898-10-01

Henry Huntington buys LA Railway

1899-12-23

Tentative Turkish & German treaty on construction of Baghdad railway

1900-05-28

In China, rioters provoked by Boxers burn the Fengtai Railway Station, where many Belgians work

1900-07-30

British Parliament passes several progressive social acts: a Mines Act, a Workmen's Compensation Act and a Railway Act

1900-12-18

The Upper Ferntree Gully to Gembrook Narrow-gauge (2 ft 6 in or 762 mm) Railway (now the Puffing Billy Railway) in Victoria, Australia is opened for traffic.

1902-02-15

Underground railway (U-Bahn)

1903-03-05

Definitive treaty for construction of Baghdad railway drawn up

1904-07-21

After 13 years, the 4,607-mile Trans-Siberian railway is completed

1904-10-20

Bolivia and Chile sign a treaty ending the War of the Pacific; it recognizes Chile's possession of the coast, but provides for construction of a railway to link La Paz, Bolivia, to Arica on the coast

1905-03-28

Paramaribo-Dam railway opens in Suriname, never used

1905-04-02

Cairo-Capetown railway opens

1906-03-10

Baker Street & Waterloo Railway opens, constructed by the Underground Electric Railways Company of London. The contraction Bakerloo became the official name in July 1906.

1908-02-25

1st tunnel under Hudson River (railway tunnel) opens

1908-10-01

1st Dutch electric railway in use (Rotterdam-The Hague)

1910-11-27

NY's Penn Station opens as world's largest railway terminal

1912-02-27

Lord Kitchener opens Khartoum-El Obeid (Nyala) railway

1912-12-28

SF Municipal Railway starts operation at Geary St (MUNI)

1914-02-01

Tanganyika Railway opens

1915-07-07

A Great Gorge and International Railway trolley with an extreme overload of 157 passengers crashes near Queenston, Ontario, killing 15.

1926-05-20

Railway Labor Act became law in USA

1928-06-24

With declining business, the Great Gorge and International Railway begins using one-person crews on trolley operations in Canada.

1931-07-01

Trans African Railway in use (Benguela, Angola-Jadotville, Congo)

1931-09-18

To create a pretext for the invasion of Manchuria, China, a railway explosion is faked by the Japanese.

1932-01-31

US railway unions accept 10% wage reduction

1935-07-24

The world's first children's railway opens in Tbilisi, USSR.

1935-09-13

Rockslide near Whirlpool Rapids Bridge ends the Great Gorge and International Railway.

1935-10-06

Market Street Railway, San Francisco, starts using trackless trolley coaches

1937-03-23

LA Railway Co starts using PCC streetcars

1939-01-15

Municipal Railway & Market St RR begin service to Transbay Terminal

1942-08-07

Dutch resistance bombs Rotterdam railway

1943-10-23

Burma railway opens

1945-01-10

LA Railway (with 5 streetcar lines) forced to close

1945-03-14

RAF bomb cuts railway link Hannover-Hamm

1962-09-08

Last run of the famous Pines Express over the Somerset and Dorset Railway line (UK) fittingly using the last steam locomotive built by British Railways, 9F locomotive 92220 'Evening Star'

1967-09-17

Mount Washington cog railway train derails, kills 8 (NH)

1968-10-14

The rebuilt Euston railway station in London is opened.

1970-07-12

Tanzania signs contract with China for building Tanzam-railway

1970-10-26

Tanzania begins building railway Lusaka-Drone ash Salaam

1972-03-06

Keswick to Penrith railway officially closes

1975-06-22

The Ulster Volunteer Force try to derail a train by planting a bomb on the railway line near County Kildare, Ireland; a civilian tries to stop the UVF volunteers, and is stabbed-to-death (his actions delay the explosion enough to let the train pass safely)

1977-06-30

US Railway Post Office final train run (NY to Wash DC)

1980-07-16

Polish railway workers block railway to Russia

1981-10-22

The TGV railway service Paris-Lyon is inaugurated.

2000-02-04

German extortionist Klaus-Peter Sabotta is jailed for life for attempted murder and extortion in connection with the sabotage of German railway lines.

2001-02-28

Six passengers and four railway staff are killed and a further 82 people suffer serious injuries in the Selby rail crash.

2003-11-12

With 501 km/h (311 mph) Shanghai Transrapid sets up a new world record for commercial railway systems.

2006-03-01

English-language Wikipedia reaches its one millionth article, Jordanhill railway station.

2006-07-01

The first operation of Qinghai-Tibet Railway in the People's Republic of China.

2013-12-29

16 people are killed and 40 are wounded by a suicide bomb attack at Volgograd-1 railway station, Russia

2014-03-01

29 people are killed & 130 are injured by a group of knife-wielding terrorists at Kunming Railway Station, China

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Railway - Birthdays
Date Event
1780-03-27

August L Crelle, German inventor/mathematician (1st Prussian Railway)

1800-02-15

Frederik W Conrad, Dutch hydraulic engineer/railway pioneer

1805-08-09

Joseph Locke, English railway and civil engineer (d. 1860)

1817-07-15

John Fowler, English engineer (London Metropolitan Railway)

1831-03-03

George M Pullman, inventor (railway sleeping car)

1831-05-28

Eliza Ann Gardner, underground railway conductor

1844-06-21

Ernest F Cambier, Belgian colonial pioneer (1st railway Congo)

1848-08-30

Andrew Onderdonk, Canadian railway contractor (d. 1905)

1852-09-20

Edouard baron Empain, Belgian railway builder (Paris Metro)

1857-01-31

George Jackson Churchward, Great Western Railway Chief mechanical engineer. (d. 1933)

1858-08-15

E. Nesbit, The Railway Children

1858-08-19

Edith Nesbit, England, children books author (Railway Children)

1868-07-09

Alexandre Promio, Leaving Jerusalem by Railway

1878-02-17

Walter Creighton, The Romance of a Railway: The History of Achievement

1910-12-10

Beatrix Mackey, The Railway Children

1918-05-09

Gordon Whiting, The Railway Children

1919-05-30

Eric Lomax, The Railway Man

1920-05-05

Ann Lancaster, The Railway Children

1920-09-17

Dinah Sheridan, actress (Genevieve, Railway Children), (d. 2012)

1922-03-16

Geoffrey Freeman Allen, railway writer

1925-01-21

Oswald "Ossie" Stevens Nock, railway writer

1925-05-30

Judd Woldin, Railway with a Heart of Gold

1925-08-14

Russell Baker, The Railway Children

1934-12-03

Bob Cryer, The Railway Children

1934-12-24

Anthony Burton, Railway Mania

1935-11-12

Lyudmila Gurchenko, A Railway Station for Two

1938-05-25

Vesna Ljubic, The Last Switchman of the Narrow Gauge Railway

1940-12-08

Andrey Rabinovich, A Railway Station for Two

1941-02-20

Vadim Alisov, A Railway Station for Two

1947-04-25

Jonathan Powell, The Railway Children

1949-01-26

Anatoliy Skoryakin, A Railway Station for Two

1950-03-05

Lee Gibson, The Dalton Abbott Railway Choir

1985-11-12

Ben Aldridge, The Railway Man

1986-11-22

Jack Blumenau, The Railway Children

Railway - Deaths
Date Event
1829-01-28

Thomas Tredgold, Railway Engineer and Carpenter, dies at 40

1856-03-11

James Beatty, Irish railway engineer (b. 1820)

1860-09-18

Joseph Locke, railway engineer, dies

1869-02-01

Frederik W Conrad, hydraulic engineer/railway pioneer, dies at 68

1898-11-20

John Fowler, English engineer (London Metropolitan Railway), dies

1909-07-23

Ernest F Cambier, Bel colonial pioneer (1st Congo railway), dies at 65

1915-09-11

William Cornelius Van Horne, American railway executive (b. 1843)

1924-05-04

E. Nesbit, The Railway Children

1926-09-09

David Lobo, Dutch actor, dies in railway accident

1926-09-09

Greta Lobo-Braakensiek, Dutch actress in railway accident

1994-04-12

Bob Cryer, The Railway Children

1994-09-21

Oswald "Ossie" Stevens Nock, railway Writer, dies at 69

1995-07-07

Geoffrey Freeman Allen, railway writer, dies at 73

2006-06-27

Ángel Maturino Reséndiz, Mexican serial killer, known as "The Railway Killer" (b. 1959)

2010-10-05

Beatrix Mackey, The Railway Children

2011-03-30

Lyudmila Gurchenko, A Railway Station for Two

2011-11-27

Judd Woldin, Railway with a Heart of Gold

2012-10-08

Eric Lomax, The Railway Man

2016-12-22

Railway Children actress Deddie Davies dies aged 78


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