History Hop Tags - Orbit

Orbit - Notable Historical Events

Yuri Alexeyevich GagarinApr 12, 1961

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Orbit - Historical Events
Date Event
1483-04-30

Orbital calculations suggest that on this day, Pluto moved inside Neptune's orbit until July 23, 1503.

1859-03-26

1st sighting of Vulcan, a planet thought to orbit inside Mercury

1945-05-25

Arthur C Clark proposes relay satellites in geosynchronous orbit

1948-12-29

US State Dept announces work on placing objects into Earth orbit

1957-11-03

USSR launches Sputnik 2 with a dog (Laika), 1st animal in orbit

1958-02-05

Vanguard TV-3 back-up launches into Earth orbit; reaches 6 km

1958-03-05

Explorer 2 fails to reach Earth orbit

1958-03-17

Navy launches Vanguard 1 into orbit (2nd US), measures Earth shape

1958-04-28

Vanguard TV-5 launched for Earth orbit (failed)

1958-05-27

Vanguard SLV-1 launched for Earth orbit (failed)

1958-06-26

Vanguard SLV-2 launched for Earth orbit (failed)

1959-01-02

USSR launches Mechta (Luna 1) for 1st lunar fly-by, 1st solar orbit

1959-02-28

Launch of Discoverer 1 (WTR)-1st polar orbit

1959-03-03

1st US probe to enter solar orbit, Pioneer 4, launched

1959-04-13

USAF launches Discoverer II into polar orbit

1959-04-13

Vanguard SLV-5 launched for Earth orbit (failed)

1959-05-16

85th Preakness: William Harmatz aboard Royal Orbit wins in 1:57

1959-06-22

Vanguard SLV-6 launched for Earth orbit (failed)

1959-08-13

US Military satellite Discoverer 5 launched (into polar orbit)

1959-08-19

Satellite Discoverer 6 launched into polar orbit

1959-09-17

Transit 1A, 1st navigational satellite launched; failed to orbit

1959-09-18

Vanguard 3 launched into Earth orbit

1960-03-11

Pioneer 5 launched into solar orbit between Earth & Venus

1960-03-23

Explorer (8) fails to reach Earth orbit

1960-04-13

Transit 1B, 1st navigational satellite, placed in Earth orbit

1960-05-15

Sputnik 4 launched into Earth orbit; later recovery failed

1960-08-10

Discoverer 13 launched into orbit; returned 1st object from space

1960-08-19

Sputnik 5 carries 2 dogs, 3 mice into orbit as the first animals launched on a round trip into space (later recovered alive)

1960-10-04

Courier 1B Launched; 1st active repeater satellite in orbit

1961-02-04

Sputnik 7 launches into Earth orbit; probable Venus probe failure

1961-02-16

1st all-solid-propellant rocket put in orbit, Wallops Island, Va

1961-02-24

Explorer (10) fails to reach Earth orbit

1961-03-09

Sputnik 9 carries Chernushka (dog) into orbit

1961-03-25

Explorer 10 launched into elongated Earth orbit (177/181,000 km)

1961-03-25

Sputnik 10 carries a dog into Earth orbit; later recovered

1961-04-12

Yuri Alexeyevich Gagarin becomes 1st person to orbit Earth (Vostok 1)

1961-04-27

NASA launches Explorer 11 into Earth orbit to study gamma rays

1961-05-24

Explorer (12) fails to reach Earth orbit

1961-06-30

Explorer (12) fails to reach Earth orbit

1961-09-13

Unmanned Mercury-Atlas 4 launched into Earth orbit

1961-11-29

Mercury-Atlas 5 carries a chimp (Enos) to orbit

1962-02-20

John Glenn is 1st American to orbit Earth (Friendship 7)

1962-05-24

M Scott Carpenter aboard Aurora 7 launched into Earth orbit

1962-06-01

Oscar 2 (ham radio satellite) launched into Earth orbit

1962-10-03

Wally Schirra in Sigma 7 launched into Earth orbit

1963-01-04

Soviet Luna (4) reaches Earth orbit but fails to reach Moon

1963-04-02

Explorer 17 attains Earth orbit (254/914 km)

1964-01-29

Unmanned Apollo 1 Saturn launcher test attains Earth orbit

1964-05-28

Unmanned Apollo 2 Saturn test launched into Earth orbit

1964-06-30

Centaur 3 launch vehicle fails to make Earth orbit

1965-02-03

Orbiting Solar Observatory 2 launches into Earth orbit (552/636 km)

1965-02-22

USSR launches Kosmos 57 into earth orbit (Voskhod Test)

1965-07-18

Zond 3 launched to fly by Moon, enters solar orbit

1965-08-21

Gemini 5 launched into Earth orbit (2 astronauts)

1965-12-16

Pioneer 6 launched into solar orbit

1966-02-17

French satellite Diapason D-1A launch into Earth orbit

1966-04-02

Soviet Union's Luna 10 becomes 1st spacecraft to orbit Moon

1966-08-17

Pioneer 7 launched into solar orbit

1966-08-24

USSR launches Luna 11 for orbit around Moon

1966-10-22

USSR launches Luna 12 for orbit around Moon

1967-02-17

Kosmos 140 (Soyuz Test) launches into Earth orbit

1967-04-05

ATS II launched but fails to reach orbit

1967-06-14

USSR launches Kosmos 166 for observation of Sun from Earth orbit

1967-07-19

US launches Explorer 35 for lunar orbit (800/7400 km)

1967-08-02

US's Lunar Orbiter 5 launched; enters lunar orbit Aug 5

1967-11-09

The unmanned Saturn V rocket is launched on its first successful test flight into Earth orbit

1967-12-12

US launches Pioneer 8 into solar orbit

1968-01-11

Explorer 36 (GEOS-B) launched into earth orbit (1080/1570 km)

1968-03-02

USSR launches space probe Zond 4; fails to leave Earth orbit

1968-12-07

Orbiting Astronomical Observatory 2 launched into Earth orbit

1968-12-23

Borman, Lovell & Anders become 1st men to orbit Moon

1969-01-22

Orbiting Solar Observatory 5 launched into earth orbit

1969-05-18

Apollo 10 (Stafford/Cernan/Young) launched toward lunar orbit

1969-07-19

Apollo 11 goes into Moon orbit

1970-02-11

Japan becomes 4th nation to put a satellite (Osumi) in orbit

1970-03-31

Explorer 1 re-enters the Earth's atmosphere after 12 years in orbit

1970-06-01

Soyuz 9 launched into Earth orbit for 18 days

1970-10-20

Zond 8 Launch (Moon Orbit & Return)

1971-04-19

USSR Salyut 1 launched; 1st manned lab in orbit

1971-05-30

US Mariner 9 1st satellite to orbit Mars launched

1971-08-04

US launches 1st satellite into lunar orbit from manned spacecraft

1971-10-28

Great Britain becomes 6th nation to have a satellite (Prospero) in orbit

1971-11-13

Mariner 9, 1st to orbit another planet (Mars)

1972-02-14

Luna 20 (Russia) launched to orbit & soft landing on Moon

1972-06-29

USSR launches Prognoz 2 into earth orbit (549/200,000 km)

1973-04-20

Canadian ANIK A2 becomes 1st commercial satellite in orbit

1973-06-10

NASA launches Radio Astronomy Explorer 49 into lunar orbit

1973-09-27

Soyuz 12 carries 2 cosmonauts into Earth orbit (2 days)

1973-11-16

Skylab 4 launched into Earth orbit

1973-12-18

Soyuz 13 launched into Earth orbit for 8 days

1974-12-02

Soyuz 16 launched into Earth orbit for 6 days

1975-04-05

Soyuz 18A launch aborted short of orbit; cosmonauts return safely

1975-07-19

Apollo & Soyuz linked in orbit for 2 days, separate

1975-08-20

Viking 1 launched to orbit around Mars, soft landing

1975-10-21

Venera 9, 1st craft to orbit planet Venus launched

1976-01-15

US-German Helios B solar probe launched into solar orbit

1976-06-19

US Viking 1 goes into Martian orbit after 10-month flight from Earth

1976-07-07

Viking 2 goes into orbit around Mars

1976-08-07

US Viking 2 goes into Martian orbit after 11-month flight from Earth

1976-09-15

Soyuz 22 carries 2 cosmonauts into Earth orbit for 8 days

1977-08-12

High Energy Astronomy Observatory 1 launched into Earth orbit

1977-09-29

Soviet space station Salyut 6 launched into Earth orbit

1977-10-22

International Sun-Earth Explorers 1 & 2 launched into Earth orbit

1978-01-26

International Ultraviolet Explorer placed in Earth orbit

1978-06-27

US Seasat 1, 1st oceanographic satellite, launched into polar orbit

1978-12-04

Pioneer Venus 1 goes into orbit around Venus

1980-07-18

Rohini 1, 1st Indian satellite, launches into orbit

1981-06-19

European Space Agency's Ariane carries 2 satellites into orbit

1981-09-19

Satellites China 10 & 11 launched into Earth orbit by B-1 rocket

1982-04-19

USSR Salyut 7 space station put into orbit

1983-01-25

Infrared telescope satellite launched into polar orbit

1983-04-25

Pioneer 10 travels beyond Pluto's orbit.

1983-06-22

1st time a satellite is retrieved from orbit by Space Shuttle

1984-03-01

Landsat 5 & ham satellite Oscar 11 launched into polar orbit

1984-10-02

3 cosmonauts return after a record 237 days in orbit

1984-11-08

Anna Fisher becomes 1st "mom" to go into orbit

1984-11-14

Astronauts aboard "Discovery" pluck a 2nd satellite from orbit

1985-10-15

Shuttle Columbia carries Spacelab into orbit

1985-10-25

Kosmos 1700 communications satellite placed in geostationary orbit

1986-02-19

USSR launches Mir space station into Earth orbit

1986-05-03

NASA launches Goes-G, it failed to achieve orbit

1987-03-26

NASA launches Fltsatcom-6, it failed to reach orbit

1988-07-12

USSR launches Phobos II for Martian orbit

1989-01-29

USSR's Phobos II enters Martian orbit

1989-02-14

The first of 24 satellites of the Global Positioning System are placed into orbit.

1989-10-18

US 62nd manned space mission STS 34 (Atlantis 5) launches into orbit

1989-11-22

US 63rd manned space mission STS 33 (Discovery 9) launches into orbit

1990-01-09

64th US manned space mission STS 32 (Columbia 10) launches into orbit

1990-02-28

US 65th manned space mission STS 36 (Atlantis 6) launches into orbit

1990-04-24

US 66th manned space mission STS 31 (Discovery 10) launches into orbit

1990-04-25

Hubble space telescope is placed into orbit by shuttle Discovery

1990-10-06

US 67th manned space mission STS 41 (Discovery 11) launches into orbit

1990-11-15

US 68th manned space mission STS 38 (Atlantis 7) launches into orbit

1990-12-02

US 69th manned space mission STS 35 (Columbia 11) launches into orbit

1991-03-09

US 70th manned space mission STS 39 (Discovery 12) launches into orbit

1992-03-17

Russian manned space craft TM-14, launches into orbit

1993-01-13

STS-54 (Endeavour) launches into orbit

1993-04-08

STS-56 (Discovery) launches into orbit

1993-04-26

STS-55 (Columbia) launches into orbit

1993-06-21

STS-57 (Endeavour) launches into orbit

1993-07-01

Russian manned space craft TM-17, launches into orbit

1993-09-12

STS-51 (Discovery) launches into orbit

1993-10-18

STS-58 (Columbia) launches into orbit

1994-01-08

Russian manned space craft TM-18, launches into orbit

1994-02-03

STS-60 (Discovery) launches into orbit

1994-03-04

Space shuttle STS-62 (Columbia 16), launches into orbit

1994-04-09

STS-59 (Endeavour) launches into orbit

1994-09-09

Space shuttle STS 64 (Discovery 20), launches into orbit

1994-09-30

Space shuttle STS-68 (Endeavour 7), launches into orbit

1995-02-03

STS 63 (Discovery 19), launches into orbit

1995-09-03

Soyuz TM-22, launched into orbit

1995-09-07

STS 69 (Endeavour 9), launches into orbit

1995-10-20

STS 73 (Columbia 18), launches into orbit

1995-11-12

STS 74 (Atlantis 15), launches into orbit

1996-02-21

Soyuz TM-23, launched into orbit

1996-02-22

STS 75 (Columbia 19), launches into orbit

1996-03-22

STS 76 (Atlantis 16), launches into orbit

1996-05-19

STS 77 (Endeavour 11), launches into orbit

1996-08-17

Soyuz TM-24, launched into orbit

1997-01-20

Comet Hale-Bopp crosses Mars' orbit

1997-04-05

Galileo, 3rd Ganymede Flyby (Orbit 7)

1997-04-21

Ashes of Timothy Leary & Gene Roddenberry launched into orbit

1997-05-07

Galileo, 4th Ganymede Flyby (Orbit 8)

1997-06-25

Galileo, 2nd Callisto Flyby (Orbit 9)

1997-06-26

Galileo, Ganymede Observations (Orbit 9)

1997-07-01

STS 94 (Columbia 23) launches into orbit

1997-08-07

STS 85 (Discovery 23) launches into orbit

1997-09-25

STS 86 (Atlantis 20) launches into orbit

1997-11-19

STS 87 (Columbia 24) launches into orbit

1998-01-22

STS 89 (Endeavour 12) launches into orbit

1999-12-18

NASA launches into orbit the Terra platform carrying five Earth Observation instruments, including ASTER, CERES, MISR, MODIS and MOPITT.

2000-02-14

The spacecraft NEAR Shoemaker enters orbit around asteroid 433 Eros, the first spacecraft to orbit an asteroid.

2002-03-01

The Envisat environmental satellite successfully reaches an orbit 800 kilometers (500 miles) above the Earth on its 11th launch, carrying the heaviest payload to date at 8500 kilograms (9.5 tons).

2004-07-01

Saturn Orbit insertion of Cassini-Huygens begins at 01:12 UTC and ends at 02:48 UTC.

2005-10-12

The second Chinese human spaceflight Shenzhou 6 launched carrying Fèi Jùnlóng and Niè Hǎishèng for five days in orbit.

2007-11-05

China's first lunar satellite, Chang'e 1 goes into orbit around the Moon.

2008-09-28

SpaceX launches the first ever private spacecraft, the Falcon 1 into orbit.

2010-12-08

With the second launch of the SpaceX Dragon, SpaceX becomes the first privately held company to successfully launch, orbit and recover a spacecraft.

2011-07-11

Neptune completes its first orbit since its discovery on September 23, 1846.

2013-03-29

Soyuz TMA-08M sets a new record of 6 hours in orbit before docking with the International Space Station

2014-09-22

NASA's MAVEN space probe successfully arrives in orbit over Mars

2016-07-05

NASA's Juno spacecraft enters Jupiter's orbit

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Orbit - Birthdays
Date Event
1838-03-03

George William Hill, US astronomer (calculated Moon's orbit)

1937-9-14

Carol Christensen, The Three Stooges in Orbit

1956-12-15

William Orbit, Heat

1972-08-02

Day Smith, Sax's Final Orbit

Orbit - Notable Deaths

Yuri GagarinMar 27, 1968

Orbit - Deaths
Date Event
1914-04-16

George W Hill, US astronomer (moon orbit), dies at 76

1966-09-09

Nestor Paiva, actor (3 Stooges in Orbit), dies of cancer at 61

1968-03-27

Yuri Gagarin, 1st man to orbit Earth, & Seryogin, in plane crash at 34

2005-06-04

Carol Christensen, The Three Stooges in Orbit

2016-12-09

Astronaut John Glenn, first American to orbit Earth, dies aged 95


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