History Hop Tags - Independent

Independent - Notable Historical Events

John AdamsApr 19, 1782

Samuel GoldwynNov 19, 1916

LeninDec 18, 1917

HitlerMar 15, 1939

Henry KissingerFeb 11, 1974

Bill ClintonSep 11, 1998

Elijah WoodApr 25, 2009

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Independent - Historical Events
Date Event
1328-05-01

Wars of Scottish Independence end: Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton - the Kingdom of England recognises the Kingdom of Scotland as an independent state.

1499-09-22

Switzerland became an independent state.

1558-01-09

Geneva becomes independent from Berne canton, Switzerland

1667-04-06

An earthquake devastates Dubrovnik, then an independent city-state.

1707-06-13

Hungary declares itself independent under Ferenc Rákóczi II

1775-07-06

Congress issues "Declaration of the Causes & Necessity of Taking up Arms," listing grievances but denying intent to be independent

1776-07-02

Continental Congress resolves "these United Colonies are & of right ought to be Free & Independent States"

1777-04-14

NY adopts new constitution as an independent state

1777-04-20

New York adopts new constitution as an independent state

1782-04-19

John Adams secures Dutch Republic's recognition of the United States as an independent government and house he purchased in The Hague, Netherlands became first American embassy.

1784-08-23

Eastern Tennessee settlers declare their area an independent state & name it Franklin; a year later the Continental Congress rejects it

1803-11-29

Dessalines & Christophe declare St Domingue (Haiti) independent

1809-07-16

La Paz, Bolivia declares its independence from the Spanish Crown and forms the Junta Tuitiva. The first independent government in Spanish America, led by Pedro Domingo Murillo

1813-11-06

Chilpancingo congress declares Mexico independent of Spain

1822-10-19

In Parnaíba; Simplício Dias da Silva, João Cândido de Deus e Silva and Domingos Dias declare the independent state of Piauí.

1822-12-12

Mexico officially recognized as an independent nation by US

1832-05-07

Greece becomes independent

1839-04-19

Treaty of London constitutes Belgium an independent kingdom & Luxembourg a Grand Duchy

1841-05-03

New Zealand proclaimed a colony independent of New South Wales

1843-11-28

Ka Lahui: Hawaiian Independence Day - The Kingdom of Hawaii is officially recognized by the United Kingdom and France as an independent nation.

1847-07-26

The Liberian Declaration of Independence is signed making Liberia a sovereign nation, independent from the American Colonization Society

1848-01-03

Joseph Jenkins Roberts is sworn in as the first President of the independent African Republic of Liberia.

1849-04-14

Hungary declares itself independent of Austria with Louis Kossuth as its leader.

1859-12-18

South Carolina declared an "independent commonwealth"

1871-03-03

US Congress changes Indian tribes status from independent to dependent

1893-01-13

British Independent Labour Party forms (Keir Hardie as its leader)

1894-11-25

Greenback (Independent) Party organizes in Indianapolis

1900-02-27

In London, the Trade Union Congress and the Independent Labour Party (formed in 1893) meet, resulting in a Labour Representative Committee and eventually the modern Labour Party in 1906

1902-01-30

Britain and Japan sign a treaty after months of negotiating which commits each country to supporting an independent China and Korea, although it acknowledges Japan's 'special interest' in Korea

1903-11-04

Panama and Colombia wake up to news that the insurrectionists have declared an independent Republic of Panama

1907-04-30

Honolulu, Hawaii becomes an independent city.

1908-11-30

The US Secretary of State and Japan's ambassador to the US exchange notes in what becomes known as the Root-Takahira Agreement: they affirm support for an independent China with an 'open door' policy and for the status quo in the Pacific

1912-11-28

Ismail Qemali declares Albania independent from Turkey

1914-01-27

A petition is written and submitted by the black and coloured women of the Orange Free State, an independent Boer sovereign republic in southern Africa, against the carrying of passes by women

1916-11-19

Samuel Goldwyn and Edgar Selwyn establish Goldwyn Pictures (the company later became one of the most successful independent filmmakers).

1917-12-18

Soviet regiment (Stalin/Lenin) declares Finland Independent

1918-08-30

Czechoslovakia forms independent republic

1920-07-12

Lithuania & USSR sign peace treaty, Lithuania becomes independent republic

1921-08-14

Tannu Tuva, later Tuvinian People's Republic is established as a completely independent country (which is supported by Russia).

1922-05-29

Ecuador becomes independent

1923-12-21

Nepal changes from British protectorate to independent nation

1927-05-20

Saudi Arabia becomes independent of Great Britain (Treaty of Jedda)

1932-02-18

Japan declares Manchuria independent

1932-09-10

Independent City Owned Rapid Transit Railroad (IND) opens in NYC

1934-03-24

U.S. Congress passes the Tydings-McDuffie Act, declaring the Philippines independent after a period of 10 years

1937-08-28

Toyota Motors becomes an independent company.

1939-03-15

Hitler occupies Bohemia & Moravia (Czechoslovakia); Slovakia independent

1939-05-23

British parliament plans to make Palestine independent by 1949

1942-08-17

US bombers 8th Air Force stage 1st independent raid on Europe attack Rouen, France

1949-08-08

Bhutan, land of Dragon, becomes an independent monarchy

1950-01-20

Suriname becomes independent part in Realm of Netherlands

1950-04-24

Independent republic of South Molukkas declared

1950-12-30

Vietnam, Laos & Cambodia become Independent states in France Union

1956-03-23

Sudan becomes independent

1958-09-30

French Guinee becomes independent republic Guinea

1960-06-20

Federation of Mali (& Senegal) becomes independent of France

1960-07-01

The independent Somali Democratic Republic, commonly known as Somalia, is formed out of former British and Italian territories

1961-10-09

Tanganyika becomes independent within British Commonwealth

1961-12-01

The independent Republic of West Papua is proclaimed in modern-day Western New Guinea.

1962-02-09

Jamaica signs agreement to become independent

1962-06-30

Rwanda & Burundi become independent

1962-08-06

Jamaica becomes independent after 300 years of British rule

1962-09-20

Ben Bella wins 1st elections in independent Algeria

1962-10-09

Uganda becomes independent from the United Kingdom

1964-09-21

Malta becomes independent from the United Kingdom.

1965-02-18

The Gambia becomes independent from the United Kingdom.

1966-07-16

Nigeria becomes the first Anglophone independent state in Africa to become an associate member of European Economic Community

1970-03-02

Rhodesia becomes independent republic

1970-12-01

Independent People's Republic of South Yemen renames itself as People's Democratic Republic of Yemen

1972-01-11

East-Pakistan becomes independent state of Bangladesh

1974-02-11

Henry Kissinger unveils Nixon Administration's seven-point "Project Independence" plan to make the U.S. energy independent

1974-08-26

Guinee-Bissau becomes independent of Portugal

1975-06-25

After a prolonged liberation struggle against Portuguese colonial rulers, Mozambique becomes independent as People Republic of Mozambique.

1976-06-29

The Seychelles become independent from the United Kingdom.

1976-07-20

Rev. Samuel Mutendi, founder of the first African Independent Church, dies

1978-10-26

Independent Counsel Act is signed into law.

1979-04-18

Major Haddad declares South-Lebanon independent

1979-10-27

St Vincent & Grenadines becomes independent of UK (Natl Day)

1979-12-12

Rhodesia becomes independent nation of Zimbabwe

1980-10-24

Polish government legalizes independent labor union Solidarity

1980-11-23

National Black Independent Party forms

1981-12-04

According to South Africa, Ciskei gains independence Not recognized as an independent country outside South Africa

1984-01-01

Brunei becomes independent of UK

1986-01-01

Aruba becomes independent from neighbor island Curacao

1986-10-07

First edition of new British newspaper "Independent" published

1989-02-25

1st independent blue-collar labor union in Communist Hungary forms

1990-01-01

FCC implements "SYNDEX" giving independent stations more rights over cable TV outlets for exclusive syndicated programs

1990-01-28

"Independent on Sunday" begins publishing in London

1990-03-21

Namibia becomes independent of South Africa, Sam Nujoma becomes president

1991-03-03

Latvia & Estonia vote to become independent of the USSR

1991-12-21

Soviet Union formally dissolves 11 of 12 republics sign treaty forming Commonwealth of Independent States

1993-01-11

Independent pres candidate Ross Perot publicly returns to politics

1995-02-19

1st broadcast of "Woman of Independent Means" on NBC-TV

1998-09-11

Independent counsel Kenneth Starr sends a report to the U.S. Congress accusing President Bill Clinton of 11 possible impeachable offenses.

1999-09-08

United States Attorney General Janet Reno names former Senator John Danforth to head an independent investigation of the 1993 fire at the Branch Davidian church near Waco, Texas in response to revelations in the film Waco: The Rules of Engagement contradicting the official government stories.

2001-05-24

The Democrats gain control of the U.S. Senate for the first time since 1994 when Senator James Jeffords of Vermont abandons the Republican Party and declares himself an independent.

2002-11-14

The United States House of Representatives votes not to create an independent commission to investigate the September 11 attacks.

2006-01-25

Three independent observing campaigns announce the discovery of OGLE-2005-BLG-390Lb through gravitational microlensing, the first cool rocky/icy extrasolar planet around a main-sequence star.

2006-05-22

Results from the Montenegrin independence referendum, 2006 are announced. 55.4% of voters vote to become independent from the Serbia and Montenegro Union.

2008-09-21

Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley, the two last remaining independent investment banks on Wall Street, become bank holding companies as a result of the subprime mortgage crisis.

2009-04-25

Elijah Wood is honored with the Midnight Award by the San Francisco International Film Festival as an American actor who "has made outstanding contributions to independent and Hollywood cinema, and who brings striking intelligence, exemplary talent and extraordinary depth of character to his roles"

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Independent - Birthdays
Date Event
1776-02-11

Ioannis Kapodistrias, Greek diplomat of the Russian Empire and first head of state of independent Greece (d. 1831)

1813-06-24

Henry Ward Beecher, Litchfield Ct, clergyman/orator (Independent)

1856-05-13

Peter Henry Emerson, 1st to promote photography as an independent art

1878-12-10

Rajaji, India's freedom fighter and the first Governor General of independent India (d.1972)

1888-11-11

Maulana Azad, 1st minister of education in independent India

1921-9-26

Cyprian Ekwensi, Independent Nigeria

1925-07-02

Patrice Emery Lumumba, Katakokombe region of the Kasai Province of Belgian Congo, first Prime Minister of an independent Congo,

1928-04-26

Gordon Downey, British Comptroller General/Reader Rep (Independent)

1935-01-09

Brian Harradine, Australian independent Senator

1937-03-03

Boris Rychkov, An Independent Life

1938-08-31

Elizabeth Forsythe-Hailey, A Woman of Independent Means

1944-03-29

John Suchet, British TV journalist (Independent TV News)

1966-03-04

Wash West [Wash Westmoreland], Leeds, English independent film director director

1967-07-09

Ingo Drzewiecki, Rich and Scary: Independent Soap Movie Experience

1968-07-16

Tyler Bearde, The 2012 Film Independent Spirit Awards

1969-09-03

Noah Baumbach, Brooklyn, New York, writer, director and independent film maker (The Squid and the Whale)

1970-11-20

Ivan Dudynsky, The 2012 Film Independent Spirit Awards

1971-12-04

Penelope Pumpkins, The Independent

1972-06-12

Christopher C. Murphy, The Perils of Independent Filmmaking

1974-07-10

Tia Ling, Private Independent 2: Open Invitation - A Real Swingers Party in San Francisco

1975-01-17

Michael Bell, Joey and Jerome's Artistic Meaningful Independent Film

1975-02-25

Philip Zlotorynski, My Big Fat Independent Movie

1975-07-04

Darren Keefe Reiher, My Big Fat Independent Movie

1976-03-19

Ashley Head, My Big Fat Independent Movie

1983-02-14

Shawn Cauthen, Independent Spirit Awards Nominations/Christina Aguilera/Ugly Betty/David Lynch/Ten Items or Less

1984-9-22

Gia Marie Barbera, The Independent Session

1986-08-04

Tiffani Rox, Private Independent 2: Open Invitation - A Real Swingers Party in San Francisco

1990-9-17

Matthieux Reed, The 2012 Film Independent Spirit Awards

Independent - Deaths
Date Event
1032-02-02

Rudolf III, last independent king of Bourgundy, dies

1395-05-17

Constantine Dragas, Serbian ruler of a semi-independent realm

1920-08-06

Stefan Bastyr, Polish aviator, first flight in independent Poland (b. 1890)

1959-12-28

Ante Pavelić, leader of Nazi Germany puppet Independent State of Croatia (b. 1889)

1964-05-27

Jawaharial Nehru, Independent India's 1st PM, dies at 74

2002-09-26

Boris Rychkov, An Independent Life

2006-10-27

Brad Will, American anarchist and independent journalist (b. 1970)

2007-01-04

Helen Hill, American independent film-maker (b. 1970)

2007-11-04

Cyprian Ekwensi, Independent Nigeria

2017-04-17

Othman Wok, member of independent Singapore's first Cabinet, dies aged 92


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