Wars of Scottish Independence end: Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton - the Kingdom of England recognises the Kingdom of Scotland as an independent state.
Switzerland became an independent state.
Geneva becomes independent from Berne canton, Switzerland
An earthquake devastates Dubrovnik, then an independent city-state.
Hungary declares itself independent under Ferenc Rákóczi II
Congress issues "Declaration of the Causes & Necessity of Taking up Arms," listing grievances but denying intent to be independent
Continental Congress resolves "these United Colonies are & of right ought to be Free & Independent States"
NY adopts new constitution as an independent state
New York adopts new constitution as an independent state
John Adams secures Dutch Republic's recognition of the United States as an independent government and house he purchased in The Hague, Netherlands became first American embassy.
Eastern Tennessee settlers declare their area an independent state & name it Franklin; a year later the Continental Congress rejects it
Dessalines & Christophe declare St Domingue (Haiti) independent
La Paz, Bolivia declares its independence from the Spanish Crown and forms the Junta Tuitiva. The first independent government in Spanish America, led by Pedro Domingo Murillo
Chilpancingo congress declares Mexico independent of Spain
In Parnaíba; Simplício Dias da Silva, João Cândido de Deus e Silva and Domingos Dias declare the independent state of Piauí.
Mexico officially recognized as an independent nation by US
Greece becomes independent
Treaty of London constitutes Belgium an independent kingdom & Luxembourg a Grand Duchy
New Zealand proclaimed a colony independent of New South Wales
Ka Lahui: Hawaiian Independence Day - The Kingdom of Hawaii is officially recognized by the United Kingdom and France as an independent nation.
The Liberian Declaration of Independence is signed making Liberia a sovereign nation, independent from the American Colonization Society
Joseph Jenkins Roberts is sworn in as the first President of the independent African Republic of Liberia.
Hungary declares itself independent of Austria with Louis Kossuth as its leader.
South Carolina declared an "independent commonwealth"
US Congress changes Indian tribes status from independent to dependent
British Independent Labour Party forms (Keir Hardie as its leader)
Greenback (Independent) Party organizes in Indianapolis
In London, the Trade Union Congress and the Independent Labour Party (formed in 1893) meet, resulting in a Labour Representative Committee and eventually the modern Labour Party in 1906
Britain and Japan sign a treaty after months of negotiating which commits each country to supporting an independent China and Korea, although it acknowledges Japan's 'special interest' in Korea
Panama and Colombia wake up to news that the insurrectionists have declared an independent Republic of Panama
Honolulu, Hawaii becomes an independent city.
The US Secretary of State and Japan's ambassador to the US exchange notes in what becomes known as the Root-Takahira Agreement: they affirm support for an independent China with an 'open door' policy and for the status quo in the Pacific
Ismail Qemali declares Albania independent from Turkey
A petition is written and submitted by the black and coloured women of the Orange Free State, an independent Boer sovereign republic in southern Africa, against the carrying of passes by women
Samuel Goldwyn and Edgar Selwyn establish Goldwyn Pictures (the company later became one of the most successful independent filmmakers).
Soviet regiment (Stalin/Lenin) declares Finland Independent
Czechoslovakia forms independent republic
Lithuania & USSR sign peace treaty, Lithuania becomes independent republic
Tannu Tuva, later Tuvinian People's Republic is established as a completely independent country (which is supported by Russia).
Ecuador becomes independent
Nepal changes from British protectorate to independent nation
Saudi Arabia becomes independent of Great Britain (Treaty of Jedda)
Japan declares Manchuria independent
Independent City Owned Rapid Transit Railroad (IND) opens in NYC
U.S. Congress passes the Tydings-McDuffie Act, declaring the Philippines independent after a period of 10 years
Toyota Motors becomes an independent company.
Hitler occupies Bohemia & Moravia (Czechoslovakia); Slovakia independent
British parliament plans to make Palestine independent by 1949
US bombers 8th Air Force stage 1st independent raid on Europe attack Rouen, France
Bhutan, land of Dragon, becomes an independent monarchy
Suriname becomes independent part in Realm of Netherlands
Independent republic of South Molukkas declared
Vietnam, Laos & Cambodia become Independent states in France Union
Sudan becomes independent
French Guinee becomes independent republic Guinea
Federation of Mali (& Senegal) becomes independent of France
The independent Somali Democratic Republic, commonly known as Somalia, is formed out of former British and Italian territories
Tanganyika becomes independent within British Commonwealth
The independent Republic of West Papua is proclaimed in modern-day Western New Guinea.
Jamaica signs agreement to become independent
Rwanda & Burundi become independent
Jamaica becomes independent after 300 years of British rule
Ben Bella wins 1st elections in independent Algeria
Uganda becomes independent from the United Kingdom
Malta becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
The Gambia becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
Nigeria becomes the first Anglophone independent state in Africa to become an associate member of European Economic Community
Rhodesia becomes independent republic
Independent People's Republic of South Yemen renames itself as People's Democratic Republic of Yemen
East-Pakistan becomes independent state of Bangladesh
Henry Kissinger unveils Nixon Administration's seven-point "Project Independence" plan to make the U.S. energy independent
Guinee-Bissau becomes independent of Portugal
After a prolonged liberation struggle against Portuguese colonial rulers, Mozambique becomes independent as People Republic of Mozambique.
The Seychelles become independent from the United Kingdom.
Rev. Samuel Mutendi, founder of the first African Independent Church, dies
Independent Counsel Act is signed into law.
Major Haddad declares South-Lebanon independent
St Vincent & Grenadines becomes independent of UK (Natl Day)
Rhodesia becomes independent nation of Zimbabwe
Polish government legalizes independent labor union Solidarity
National Black Independent Party forms
According to South Africa, Ciskei gains independence Not recognized as an independent country outside South Africa
Brunei becomes independent of UK
Aruba becomes independent from neighbor island Curacao
First edition of new British newspaper "Independent" published
1st independent blue-collar labor union in Communist Hungary forms
FCC implements "SYNDEX" giving independent stations more rights over cable TV outlets for exclusive syndicated programs
"Independent on Sunday" begins publishing in London
Namibia becomes independent of South Africa, Sam Nujoma becomes president
Latvia & Estonia vote to become independent of the USSR
Soviet Union formally dissolves 11 of 12 republics sign treaty forming Commonwealth of Independent States
Independent pres candidate Ross Perot publicly returns to politics
1st broadcast of "Woman of Independent Means" on NBC-TV
Independent counsel Kenneth Starr sends a report to the U.S. Congress accusing President Bill Clinton of 11 possible impeachable offenses.
United States Attorney General Janet Reno names former Senator John Danforth to head an independent investigation of the 1993 fire at the Branch Davidian church near Waco, Texas in response to revelations in the film Waco: The Rules of Engagement contradicting the official government stories.
The Democrats gain control of the U.S. Senate for the first time since 1994 when Senator James Jeffords of Vermont abandons the Republican Party and declares himself an independent.
The United States House of Representatives votes not to create an independent commission to investigate the September 11 attacks.
Three independent observing campaigns announce the discovery of OGLE-2005-BLG-390Lb through gravitational microlensing, the first cool rocky/icy extrasolar planet around a main-sequence star.
Results from the Montenegrin independence referendum, 2006 are announced. 55.4% of voters vote to become independent from the Serbia and Montenegro Union.
Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley, the two last remaining independent investment banks on Wall Street, become bank holding companies as a result of the subprime mortgage crisis.
Elijah Wood is honored with the Midnight Award by the San Francisco International Film Festival as an American actor who "has made outstanding contributions to independent and Hollywood cinema, and who brings striking intelligence, exemplary talent and extraordinary depth of character to his roles"
nothing here now
Ioannis Kapodistrias, Greek diplomat of the Russian Empire and first head of state of independent Greece (d. 1831)
Henry Ward Beecher, Litchfield Ct, clergyman/orator (Independent)
Peter Henry Emerson, 1st to promote photography as an independent art
Rajaji, India's freedom fighter and the first Governor General of independent India (d.1972)
Maulana Azad, 1st minister of education in independent India
Cyprian Ekwensi, Independent Nigeria
Patrice Emery Lumumba, Katakokombe region of the Kasai Province of Belgian Congo, first Prime Minister of an independent Congo,
Gordon Downey, British Comptroller General/Reader Rep (Independent)
Brian Harradine, Australian independent Senator
Boris Rychkov, An Independent Life
Elizabeth Forsythe-Hailey, A Woman of Independent Means
John Suchet, British TV journalist (Independent TV News)
Wash West [Wash Westmoreland], Leeds, English independent film director director
Ingo Drzewiecki, Rich and Scary: Independent Soap Movie Experience
Tyler Bearde, The 2012 Film Independent Spirit Awards
Noah Baumbach, Brooklyn, New York, writer, director and independent film maker (The Squid and the Whale)
Ivan Dudynsky, The 2012 Film Independent Spirit Awards
Penelope Pumpkins, The Independent
Christopher C. Murphy, The Perils of Independent Filmmaking
Tia Ling, Private Independent 2: Open Invitation - A Real Swingers Party in San Francisco
Michael Bell, Joey and Jerome's Artistic Meaningful Independent Film
Philip Zlotorynski, My Big Fat Independent Movie
Darren Keefe Reiher, My Big Fat Independent Movie
Ashley Head, My Big Fat Independent Movie
Shawn Cauthen, Independent Spirit Awards Nominations/Christina Aguilera/Ugly Betty/David Lynch/Ten Items or Less
Gia Marie Barbera, The Independent Session
Tiffani Rox, Private Independent 2: Open Invitation - A Real Swingers Party in San Francisco
Matthieux Reed, The 2012 Film Independent Spirit Awards
Rudolf III, last independent king of Bourgundy, dies
Constantine Dragas, Serbian ruler of a semi-independent realm
Stefan Bastyr, Polish aviator, first flight in independent Poland (b. 1890)
Ante Pavelić, leader of Nazi Germany puppet Independent State of Croatia (b. 1889)
Jawaharial Nehru, Independent India's 1st PM, dies at 74
Boris Rychkov, An Independent Life
Brad Will, American anarchist and independent journalist (b. 1970)
Helen Hill, American independent film-maker (b. 1970)
Cyprian Ekwensi, Independent Nigeria
Othman Wok, member of independent Singapore's first Cabinet, dies aged 92
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