History Hop Tags - Independence

Independence - Notable Historical Events

Thomas PaineJan 10, 1776

Benjamin FranklinJun 11, 1776

John DickinsonJul 2, 1776

Benjamin BannekerAug 19, 1791

José de San MartínApr 5, 1818

William Howard TaftJun 17, 1915

Ho Chi MinhSep 2, 1945

Henry KissingerFeb 11, 1974

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Independence - Historical Events
Date Event
1291-08-01

Everlasting League forms, basis of Swiss Confederation (Independence)

1297-01-08

Monaco gains its independence.

1304-07-20

Wars of Scottish Independence: Fall of Stirling Castle - King Edward I of England takes the last rebel stronghold of the war.

1314-06-24

Battle of Bannockburn; Scotland regains independence from England

1320-04-06

The Scots reaffirm their independence by signing the Declaration of Arbroath.

1322-03-16

The Battle of Boroughbridge takes place in the First War of Scottish Independence.

1322-10-14

Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeats King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland's independence

1328-05-01

Wars of Scottish Independence end: Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton - the Kingdom of England recognises the Kingdom of Scotland as an independent state.

1385-08-14

Portuguese defeat Castilians at Aljubarrota, retain independence

1454-03-06

Thirteen Years' War: Delegates of the Prussian Confederation pledge allegiance to Casimir IV of Poland, and the Polish king agrees to help in their struggle for independence from the Teutonic Knights.

1568-05-23

The Netherlands declare independence from Spain.

1598-08-21

-22] Deed of Transfers proclaims Netherlands independence

1640-12-01

Portugal regains independence after 60 years of Spanish rule

1648-10-24

Treaty of Westphalia ends The Thirty Year's War in the Holy Roman Empire; Switzerland's independence recognized

1682-03-19

Nationally Council accept independence of French church

1770-05-26

The Orlov Revolt, a first attempt to revolt against the Turks before the Greek War of Independence ends in disaster for the Greeks.

1774-07-12

Citizens of Carlisle Penn, pass a declaration of independence

1775-05-20

Citizens of Mecklenburg County, NC declare independence from Britain

1776-01-10

"Common Sense" Pamphlet by Thomas Paine, published advocating American independence

1776-03-04

The American War of Independence: The Americans capture Dorchester Heights dominating the port of Boston, Massachusetts.

1776-04-12

Halifax resolution for independence adopted by North Carolina

1776-05-04

Rhode Island declares independence from Britain

1776-06-07

Richard Lee (VA) moves Decl of Independence in Continental Congress

1776-06-11

Continental Congress creates committee (Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert R. Livingston) to draft a Declaration of Independence

1776-06-23

Final draft of Declaration of Independence submitted to Continental Congress

1776-07-01

1st vote on Declaration of Independence for Britain's North American colonies

1776-07-02

At the Continental Congress, John Dickinson abstains from the votes that declare independence

1776-07-04

US congress proclaims the Declaration of Independence and independence from Britain

1776-07-06

American Declaration of Independence announced on front page of "PA Evening Gazette"

1776-07-08

Col John Nixon gave 1st public reading of Decaration of Independence (Philadelphia)

1776-07-09

Declaration of Independence is read to George Washington's troops (NY)

1776-08-02

Formal signing of the US Declaration of Independence by 56 people

1776-08-10

American Revolutionary War: word of the United States Declaration of Independence reaches London.

1777-01-15

People of New Connecticut (Vermont) declare independence from England

1777-01-16

Vermont declares independence from NY

1777-12-17

France recognizes independence of British colonies in America

1781-04-29

French fleet occupies Tobago during American War of Independence

1782-11-30

Britain signs agreement recognizing US independence

1783-02-03

Spain recognizes US independence

1783-02-05

Sweden recognizes US independence

1791-08-19

Benjamin Banneker writes a letter to the Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson using language from the 'United States Declaration of Independence' to criticize Jefferson's pro-slavery stance and to request justice for African Americans

1792-04-21

Tiradentes, a revolutionary leading movement for Brazil's independence, is hanged, drawn and quartered.

1796-07-04

1st Independence Day celebration is held

1801-07-07

Toussaint L'Ouverture declares Haitian independence

1804-01-01

Haiti gains independence from France (National Day)

1809-06-06

Sweden declares independence, constitutional monarchy established with a new constituion empowering Riksdag after 20 years of absolute monarchy

1809-07-16

La Paz, Bolivia declares its independence from the Spanish Crown and forms the Junta Tuitiva. The first independent government in Spanish America, led by Pedro Domingo Murillo

1809-08-10

Ecuador declares independence from Spain (National Day)

1810-07-20

Citizens of Bogotá, New Granada (now Colombia), declare independence from Spain.

1810-09-16

Mexico issues Grito de Dolores, which called for the end of Spanish rule Mexican Independence Day celebrates this event

1810-09-18

Chile declares independence from Spain (National Day)

1811-05-14

Paraguay gains independence from Spain (National Day)

1811-07-05

Venezuela, 1st South American country to gain independence from Spain

1811-11-05

El Salvador's 1st battle against Spain for independence

1811-11-11

Cartagena Colombia declares independence from Spain

1813-05-23

South American independence leader Simón Bolívar enters Mérida, leading the invasion of Venezuela, and is proclaimed El Libertador ("The Liberator")

1814-02-11

Norway's independence proclaimed

1816-07-09

Argentina declares independence from Spain

1818-02-12

Chile gains independence from Spain

1818-04-05

In the Battle of Maipú, Chile's independence movement - led by Bernardo O'Higgins and José de San Martín - win a decisive victory over Spain, leaving 2,000 Spaniards and 1,000 Chilean patriots dead.

1819-12-17

Congress of Angostura establishes Colombia's independence from Spain

1820-11-03

Cuenca Ecuador declares independence

1821-02-24

Mexico gains independence from Spain

1821-03-21

First revolutionary act in Monastery of Agia Lavra, Kalavryta, Greek War of Independence.

1821-03-23

Battle and fall of city of Kalamata, Greek War of Independence.

1821-03-25

Greece gains independence from Turkey (National Day)

1821-05-08

Greek War of Independence: the Greeks defeat the Turks in Gravia.

1821-05-12

The first major battle of the Greek War of Independence against the Turks occurs in Valtetsi.

1821-07-28

Peru declares independence from Spain (National Day)

1821-08-23

Mexico declares independence

1821-09-15

Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras & Nicaragua gain independence

1821-09-27

Mexican Empire declares its independence; Mexican revolutionary forces occupy Mexico City as Spanish withdraw

1821-11-28

Panama declares independence from Spain

1821-12-01

Santo Domingo (Dominican Rep) proclaims independence from Spain

1822-01-14

Greek War of Independence: Acrocorinth is captured by Theodoros Kolokotronis and Demetrius Ypsilanti.

1822-01-15

Greek War of Independence: Demetrius Ypsilanti is elected president of the legislative assembly.

1822-05-16

Greek War of Independence: Turks capture the Greek town of Souli.

1822-05-24

Battle of Pichincha, Bolívar secures independence of Quito from Spain

1822-09-07

Pedro I, son of King Joao VI declares Brazil's independence from Portugal (National Day)

1823-07-01

United Provinces of Central America gain independence from Mexico

1823-07-02

Bahia Independence Day: the end of Portuguese rule in Brazil, with the final defeat of the Portuguese crown loyalists in the province of Bahia.

1824-06-21

Greek War of Independence: Egyptian forces capture Psara in the Aegean Sea.

1825-08-06

Bolivia gains independence from Peru (National Day)

1825-08-25

Uruguay declares independence from Brazil (National Day)

1825-08-29

Portugal recognizes the Independence of Brazil.

1827-06-05

Turks capture the Acropolis & take Athens during Greek War of Independence

1828-04-26

Russia declares war on Turkey to support Greece's independence

1828-08-27

Uruguay gains independence during Brazil-Argentina peace talks

1831-07-21

Belgium gains independence from Netherlands, Leopold I made king

1834-04-03

The generals in the Greek War of Independence stand trial for treason.

1836-03-02

Republic of Texas declares independence from Mexico

1836-04-21

Battle of San Jacinto, in which Texas wins independence from Mexico

1836-12-28

Spain recognizes independence of Mexico

1838-02-28

Robert Nelson, leader of the Patriotes, proclaims the independence of Lower Canada (today Québec)

1838-04-30

Nicaragua declares independence from Central American federation

1838-11-05

Honduras declares independence of Central American Federation

1841-05-01

1st emigrant wagon train leaves Independence, Missouri, for California

1842-12-19

US recognizes independence of Hawaii

1843-05-22

1st wagon train, 1000+ depart Independence Missouri for Oregon

1843-11-28

Ka Lahui: Hawaiian Independence Day - The Kingdom of Hawaii is officially recognized by the United Kingdom and France as an independent nation.

1844-02-27

Dominican Republic gains independence from Haiti (National Day)

1844-11-06

Spain grants Dominican Rep independence

1844-11-23

Independence of the Duke of Schleswig-Holstein from Denmark.

1846-01-01

Yucatan declares independence from Mexico

1846-06-14

California (Bear Flag) Republic proclaimed in Sonoma, declaring independence from Mexico

1847-07-26

The Liberian Declaration of Independence is signed making Liberia a sovereign nation, independent from the American Colonization Society

1848-02-29

Neufchatel declares independence of Switzerland

1848-07-23

Battle of Custoza-Italian War of Independence, starts

1848-09-29

Battle of Pákozd: Hungarian forces defeat Croats at Pákozd; the first battle of the War of Independence.

1849-08-28

Venice under Daniele Manin surrenders to Austrians under Radetsky, having been under siege since July 20 after proclaiming independence

1849-10-06

The execution of the 13 Martyrs of Arad after the Hungarian war of independence.

1852-01-17

British recognize independence of Transvaal (in South Africa)

1853-05-23

Buenos Aires gains independence from Argentina (reunited 1859)

1854-02-17

Britain recognises independence of Orange Free State (South Africa)

1861-03-17

Italy declares independence; Kingdom of Italy proclaimed

1862-03-10

Great Britain & France recognise independence of Zanzibar

1865-08-16

Restoration Day in the Dominican Republic: The Dominican Republic regains its independence after 4 years of fighting against the Spanish Annexation.

1867-09-09

Luxembourg gains independence

1868-09-23

Grito de Lares proclaims Puerto Rico's independence (crushed by Spain)

1868-10-10

Cuba revolts for independence against Spain

1877-05-09

Mihail Kogălniceanu reads, in the Chamber of Deputies, the Declaration of Independence of Romania. This day became the Independence Day of Romania.

1881-04-05

Transvaal regains independence under British suzerainty

1883-09-08

Northern Pacific RR's last spike driven at Independence Creek, Mont

1889-11-04

Players League begins, declaring independence from baseball's NL

1894-06-30

Korea declares independence from China, asks for Japanese aid

1895-02-24

Cuban war for independence begins

1898-06-12

Philippine nationalists declares independence from Spain to US control

1898-06-12

Filipino revolutionary forces under General Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed the sovereignty and independence of the Philippine Islands from the colonial rule of Spain

1901-01-01

Australia declares independence from federation of UK colonies

1901-04-19

In the Philippines, recently captured insurgent leader Emilio Aguinaldo issues a proclamation advising his countrymen to end their rebellion and use of peaceful means to work with the US toward independence.

1902-01-08

The United Irish League, a leading force for unification in all Ireland and independence from Britain, holds its convention in Dublin

1902-05-20

Cuba gains independence from Spain

1903-11-03

Colombia grants independence to Panama

1903-11-06

USA recognizes independence of Panama

1904-10-03

France & Spain sign treaty for Morocco Independence

1905-03-31

Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany visits Tangier, Morocco and proclaims Germany's support of Moroccan independence and equal opportunity for all powers to trade there

1906-07-04

Great Britain, France, and Italy declare independence of Ethiopia (Abyssinia), but all lay claim to their own 'spheres of influence' in that land

1907-06-10

France and Japan sign an agreement to maintain the independence and integrity of China, equality for all nations in trading with China, and the status quo in the Far East

1908-09-22

Bulgaria declares independence from Ottoman Empire (Turkey)

1908-10-05

Bulgaria declares independence from Turkey, Ferdinand I becomes Tsar

1909-01-05

Colombia recognizes Panama's independence

1909-04-19

A convention with Turkey recognizes Bulgarian independence

1910-05-31

Union of South Africa declares independence from UK

1911-12-29

Mongolia gains independence from the Qing dynasty.

1915-06-17

The League to Enforce Peace is organised at Independence Hall in Philadelphia with William Howard Taft as president; its program anticipates the League of Nations

1915-10-29

Thomas Masaryk claims independence for Czechoslovakia

1915-11-14

Thomas Masaryk demands independence for Czechoslovakia

1916-08-29

US Congress accept Jones Act: Philippines independence

1917-12-06

Finland declares independence from Russia (National Day)

1917-12-11

German-occupied Lithuania proclaims independence from Russia

1917-12-15

Moldavian Republic declares independence from Russia

1917-12-22

Flanders declares it's independence, under Pieter Tack

1918-02-16

Lithuania declares independence from Russia & Germany (National Day)

1918-02-24

Estonia declares independence from Russia

1918-03-23

Lithuania proclaims independence

1918-04-09

Latvia proclaims independence

1918-05-26

Georgian Social Democratic Republic declares independence from Russia

1918-05-28

Azerbaijan gains independence and declares itself a Democratic Republic

1918-10-18

Czechoslovakia declares Independence from Austro-Hungarian Empire

1918-10-28

Czechoslovakia gains independence as Austria-Hungary breaks up

1918-11-03

Poland proclaims independence from Russia after WW I

1918-11-10

Independence of Poland proclaimed by Józef Pilsudski

1918-11-11

Poland declares independence

1918-11-18

Latvia declares independence from Russia

1918-12-01

Danish parliament passed an act to grant Iceland independence under Danish crown

1918-12-01

Yugoslavia declares independence; monarchy established

1919-01-02

Lithuania gains independence

1919-01-21

Sinn Fein creates its own Free Irish parliament (dáil eireann) in Dublin, which brought about the Irish War of Independence.

1919-03-01

Demonstrations for Korean independence from Japan begin

1919-05-19

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk lands at Samsun on the Anatolian Black Sea coast, initiating what was later termed the Turkish War of Independence. The anniversary of this event is the official date of commemoration of the Pontic Greek Genocide in Greece and Cyprus.

1919-05-28

Armenia declares its Independence

1919-08-08

Treaty of Rawalpindi, British recognise Afghanistan's independence

1919-08-19

Afghanistan declares independence from UK

1919-12-15

Fiume (Rijeka) declares it's Independence

1920-01-16

Georgia declares independence

1920-02-02

Estonia declares its Independence from Russia (Dorpat Peace)

1920-02-02

Tarto/Dorpat peace treaty: USSR recognizes Estonian independence

1920-02-24

Peace treaty gives Estonia independence

1920-03-25

Greek Independence Day

1920-04-27

Pogrom leader Petljoera declares Ukraine Independence

1920-05-07

USSR recognizes Georgia's independence

1920-08-01

Peace of Riga-Independence of Latvia

1920-08-11

1st peace of Riga-Soviet Union recognizes Independence of Latvia

1920-11-28

Kilmichael Ambush, Battle of the Irish War of Independence.

1921-03-13

Mongolia (formerly Outer Mongolia) declares independence from China

1921-07-11

Mongolia gains independence from China (National Day)

1922-02-21

Great Britain grants Egypt independence

1922-02-28

Egypt regains independence from Britain, but British troops remain

1922-09-07

In Aydin, Turkey, independence of Aydin, from Greek occupation.

1922-10-04

Protocol of Genevia signed: Austria gains independence

1923-10-29

Turkey declares independence (successor state to Ottoman Empire)

1926-07-26

Philippines government asks USA for a plebiscite on independence

1927-12-14

Iraq gains independence from Britain, but British troops remain

1928-08-30

Jawaharlal Nehru requests independence of India

1929-01-26

Indian National Congress proclaims goal for India's independence

1929-04-08

Indian Independence Movement: At the Delhi Central Assembly, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt throw handouts and bombs to court arrest.

1930-04-18

Attempted raid on the armoury of police and auxiliary forces in Chittagong in Bengal province, British India by armed pro-independence revolutionaries led by Surya Sen popularly known as Master-da.

1930-04-22

British troops battle pro-independence revolutionaries in the Jalalabad hills near Chittagong in Bengal province, British India leaving 80 troops and 12 revolutionaries dead.

1930-04-28

1st night organized baseball game played in Independence Kansas

1930-07-01

Great Britain signs accord for Independence of Iraq

1931-03-23

Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev embrace the gallows during the Indian struggle for independence. Their request to be shot by a firing squad is refused.

1931-12-11

Statute of Westminster gives complete legislative independence to Canada, Australia, NZ, South Africa, Ireland, Newfndlnd

1932-03-01

12 pro-independence revolutionaries captured in and around Chittagong in Bengal province, British India are sentenced to deportation for life, two to three-year prison terms with the remaining 32 being acquitted.

1932-10-03

Iraq gains full independence from Britain, joins League of Nations

1933-01-12

US Congress recognize independence Philippines

1933-01-28

The name Pakistan is coined by Choudhary Rehmat Ali Khan and is accepted by the Indian Muslims who then thereby adopted it further for the Pakistan Movement seeking independence.

1934-03-23

US Congress accepts Philippines independence in 1945

1934-05-01

Philippine legislature accepts US proposal for independence

1934-09-03

Tunisia began its move for independence

1935-05-14

Plebiscite in Philippines ratifies independence agreement

1940-07-02

Indian independence leader Subhas Chandra Bose is arrested and detained in Calcutta.

1941-05-20

Former Dutch PM Colijn says Neth Indies not ready for independence

1941-06-22

The Lithuanian 1941 independence begins.

1941-06-30

Pro-Nazi group declares Ukraine independence

1941-11-26

Lebanon independence first proclaimed by France

1943-08-01

Japan declares Burma Independence under U Ba Maw

1943-10-14

Japan declares Philippine Independence (premier/pres Jose Laurel)

1943-11-22

France officially recognises the independence of Lebanon, releasing the imprison Lebanese government

1943-12-30

Subhash Chandra Bose raises the flag of Indian independence at Port Blair.

1944-06-17

Iceland declares independence from Denmark

1945-03-09

Japanese proclaim "independence" of Indo-China

1945-03-10

Japan declares Vietnam Independence

1945-08-17

Indonesia (Dutch East Indies) declares independence from The Netherlands

1945-09-02

Ho Chi Minh declares Vietnam independence from France (National Day)

1946-03-15

British premier Attlee agrees with India's right to independence

1946-03-22

Britain signs treaty granting independence to Jordan

1946-04-07

Syria's independence from France is officially recognised.

1946-04-12

Syria gains independence from France

1946-04-17

Syria declares independence from French administration

1946-05-25

Jordan gains independence from Britain (National Day); Abdullah ibn Hussein becomes king of Jordan

1946-07-04

Philippines gains independence from US

1946-07-04

President Manuel Roxas was inaugurated as the 5th President of the Philippines and the first president of the Third Republic at the Independence Grandstand in Manila

1947-01-10

British stop ships Independence & In-Gathering from landing in Israel

1947-07-18

King George VI signs Indian Independence Act

1947-08-14

Pakistan gains independence from Great Britain

1947-08-15

India gains independence from Great Britain, remains a dominion until 1950

1948-01-04

Burma declares independence from UK

1948-02-04

Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon) declares independence from UK

1948-05-14

Israel declares independence from under British administration

1948-12-21

State of Eire (formerly Irish Free State) declares its independence

1949-06-01

British government grants Cyrenaica (East-Libya) independence

1949-07-01

Bao Dai's Republic of Vietnam gains independence from France

1949-07-20

Israel's 19 month war of independence ends

1949-12-27

Queen Juliana of the Netherlands grants independence to Indonesia

1950-08-17

Indonesia gains independence from Netherlands

1951-12-24

United Kingdom of Libya gains independence from Italy via UN

1953-10-22

Laos gains full independence from France

1953-11-09

Cambodia (aka Kampuchea) gains independence from Fance, within the French Union

1954-06-04

France grants Vietnam independence inside French Union

1954-07-21

At Geneva, France agrees to independence of North & South Vietnam

1954-11-01

The Front de Libération Nationale fires the first shots of the Algerian War of Independence against France.

1954-12-24

Laos gains its independence

1955-05-15

Vienna Treaty: Britain, France, US & USSR restore Austria's independence

1955-07-27

Austria regains full independence after 4-power occupation

1956-01-01

Sudan (Anglo-Egyptian Sudan) declares independence from Egypt & UK

1956-03-02

Morocco tears up the Treaty of Fez, declares independence from France

1956-03-03

Morocco gains independence from France (Anniversary of throne)

1956-03-20

Tunisia gains independence from France

1956-07-04

Independence National Historical Park forms in Philadelphia

1956-07-20

France recognizes Tunisian independence

1956-11-18

Morocco gains independence

1957-03-06

Ghana (formerly Gold Coast) declares independence from UK

1957-07-06

Harry S Truman Library forms in Independence, Missouri

1957-08-31

Malaysia (formerly Malaya) gains independence from Britain

1958-09-28

Guinea votes for independence from France

1958-10-02

Guinea (French Guinea) gains independence from France (National Day)

1959-01-13

King Boudouin promises Belgian Congo independence

1959-02-19

Britain, Turkey & Greece sign agreement granting Cyprus independence

1959-12-08

Dom Mintoff demands independence for Malta

1960-01-01

Cameroon (French Cameroon) gains independence from France

1960-01-11

Chad declares independence from France

1960-04-04

Senegal declares independence from France

1960-04-27

Togo (formerly French Togo) declares independence from French adm

1960-06-25

Madagascar gains independence from France

1960-06-25

Somaliland is granted independence by British government

1960-06-26

British Somaliland (now Somalia) gains independence from Britain

1960-06-26

Italian Somaliland declares independence from Italian administration

1960-06-26

Madagascar (formerly Malagasy Rep) declares independence from France

1960-06-30

Zaire (formerly Belgian Congo) declares independence from Belgium

1960-07-11

Ivory Coast, Dahomey, Upper Volta & Niger declare independence

1960-07-11

Moise Tsjombe declares Congolese county Katanga independence

1960-07-12

Congo, Chad & Central African Republic declare independence

1960-07-15

UN troops arrive in Congo to help deal with the political crisis after Moïse-Kapenda Tshombé's declaration of independence for Katanga province

1960-08-01

Benin (Dahomey) gains independence from France

1960-08-03

Niger gains independence from France

1960-08-05

Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) declares independence from France

1960-08-07

Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) gains independence from France

1960-08-08

Ivory Coast declares independence

1960-08-11

Chad declares Independence from France

1960-08-13

Central African Republic & Chad proclaim independence from France

1960-08-15

Congo (formerly Congo/Brazzaville) declares Independence from France

1960-08-16

Britain grants independence to crown colony of Cyprus

1960-08-17

Gabon gains independence from France (National Day)

1960-08-20

Senegal breaks from Mali federation, declaring independence

1960-09-22

Mali (formerly French Sudan) declares independence from France

1960-10-01

Nigeria gains independence from Britain (National Day)

1960-10-19

France grants Mauritania independence

1960-11-28

Mauritania gains independence from France (Natl Day)

1960-12-07

Ivory Coast claims independence from France

1961-04-27

Sierra Leone declares independence from UK

1961-06-19

Kuwait declares independence from UK

1961-07-04

Walt Disney is one of the two main speakers on the Independence Day in The Rebuild Hills at Skørping in Denmark

1961-09-01

The Eritrean War of Independence officially begins with the shooting of the Ethiopian police by Hamid Idris Awate

1961-12-09

Tanganyika gains independence from Britain, takes name Tanzania

1962-01-01

Western Samoa gains independence from New Zealand Susuga Malietoa Tanumafili II becomes co-chief of Western Samoa

1962-02-05

French President de Gaulle calls for Algeria's independence

1962-07-01

Algeria votes for independence from France

1962-07-01

Burundi & Rwanda gain independence from Belgium (National Days)

1962-07-03

Algerian Revolution against French rule ends (Algeria gains independence on 5th July)

1962-07-05

Algeria gains independence after 132 years of French rule

1962-08-31

Trinidad & Tobago gain independence from Britain (National Day)

1963-08-16

Independence is restored to Dominican Republic

1963-12-12

Kenya (formerly British East Africa) declares independence from UK

1964-01-12

Revolution overthrows Sultan of Zanzibar, 1 month after independence

1964-07-06

Malawi (formerly Nyasaland) declares independence from UK

1964-10-24

Zambia (formerly Northern Rhodesia) gains independence from Britain (National Day)

1965-07-26

Republic of Maldives gains independence from Britain (Natl Day)

1965-08-09

Singapore gains independence from Malaysia (National Day)

1965-11-11

Rhodesia proclaimed independence from Britain by PM Ian Smith

1966-05-26

Guyana (formerly British Guiana) declares independence from UK

1966-09-29

Bechuanaland gains independence from England, becomes Botswana

1966-09-30

Botswana (formerly Bechuanaland) gains independence from Britain (National Day)

1966-10-04

Lesotho (Basutoland) gains independence from Britain (National Day)

1966-11-30

Barbados gains independence from Great Britain (National Day)

1967-02-27

Dominica gains independence from England

1967-03-01

Dominica & St Lucia gain independence from Britain

1967-03-03

Grenada gains partial independence from Britain

1967-05-30

Biafra declares independence from Nigeria

1967-09-09

Uganda declares independence from Great Britain

1967-11-30

People's Democratic Republic of Yemen declares independence from the UK

1968-01-31

Nauru (formerly Pleasant Island) declares independence from Australia

1968-03-12

Mauritius gains independence from Britain (National Day)

1968-09-06

Swaziland gains independence from Britain (National Day)

1968-10-12

Equatorial Guinea (Spanish Guinea) declares independence from Spain

1970-03-01

White government of Rhodesia declares independence from Britain

1970-04-02

Qatar gains independence from Britain

1970-06-04

Tonga (formerly Friendly Islands) declares independence from UK

1970-10-09

Khmer Republic (Cambodia) declares independence

1970-10-10

Fiji gains independence from Britain (National Day)

1971-03-26

Bangladesh (East Pakistan) declares its independence

1971-08-14

Bahrain proclaims independence after 110 years of British rule

1971-08-15

Bahrain gains independence from Britain

1971-09-01

Qatar declares independence from Britain

1971-09-03

Qatar regains complete independence from Britain

1971-12-02

United Arab Emirates (Trucial States) declares independence from UK

1971-12-16

Bangladesh (East Pakistan) declares independence from Pakistan

1972-11-16

British Prime Minister Edward Heath warns against a Unilateral Declaration of Independence

1973-07-10

Bahamas declares Independence from UK & adopts constitution

1973-09-24

Guinea-Bissau declares independence from Portugal

1974-02-07

Grenada gains independence from Britain (National Day)

1974-02-11

Henry Kissinger unveils Nixon Administration's seven-point "Project Independence" plan to make the U.S. energy independent

1974-09-10

Portugal recognizes independence of Rep of Guinea-Bissau

1974-11-01

UN affirms independence of Cyprus

1974-12-22

Referenda in Comoros-3 islands for independence, 1 stays French

1975-01-15

Portugal signs accord for Angola's independence

1975-07-05

Cape Verde Is gain independence after 500 years of Portuguese rule

1975-07-06

Comoros declare independence from France (most of them)

1975-07-12

Sao Tomé e Príncipe gains independence from Portugal (Natl Day)

1975-09-08

Guinee-Bissau declares independence from Portugal

1975-09-16

Papua New Guinea gains independence from Australia (National Day)

1975-11-11

Angola gains independence from Portugal (National Day)

1975-11-25

Netherlands grants Suriname independence (National Day)

1976-01-01

Liberty Bell moves to new home behind Independence Hall

1976-07-31

Seychelles Independence (Independence day)

1976-10-26

Transkei gains independence, not recognized outside of South Africa

1977-06-27

Djibouti (Afars & Issas) claims Independence from France

1977-12-06

South Africa grants Bophuthatswana independence

1977-12-18

Dutch Antilles: premier Boy Rozendal points independence off

1978-07-07

Solomon Islands declares independence from UK

1978-10-01

Tuvalu (formerly Ellice Islands) declares independence from UK

1978-11-03

Dominica gains independence from UK & adopts constitution

1979-02-22

St Lucia gains independence from Britain

1979-05-31

Zimbabwe proclaims independence

1979-07-12

Kiribati (formerly Gilbert Islands) declares independence from UK

1979-09-13

South Africa grants Venda independence (Not recognized out of S Afr)

1979-12-11

Great Britain grants independence to Zimbabwe (Rhodesia)

1980-04-18

Zimbabwe (formerly Southern Rhodesia) declares independence from UK

1980-07-30

Vanuatu (New Hebrides) gains independence from Britain & France

1981-09-21

Belize (British Honduras) gains independence from UK

1981-11-01

Antigua & Barbuda gains independence from Britain (National Day)

1981-12-04

According to South Africa, Ciskei gains independence Not recognized as an independent country outside South Africa

1983-09-19

St Kitts & Nevis declares independence from UK

1983-12-31

Brunei gains complete independence from Britain

1988-03-20

Eritrean War of Independence: Having defeated the Nadew Command, the Eritrean People's Liberation Front enters the town of Afabet, victoriously concluding the Battle of Afabet.

1988-12-22

South Africa signs accord granting independence to South West Africa

1989-04-18

Zimbabwe gains independence

1990-01-11

200,000 demand return of Lithuania's independence

1990-01-20

Black January - crackdown of Azerbaijani pro-independence demonstrations by Soviet army in Baku.

1990-03-11

Lithuania declares its Independence

1990-05-04

Latvia's parliament votes 138-0 (1 abstention) for Independence

1990-06-23

Moldavia declares independence

1990-07-16

Ukraine declares independence

1990-07-27

White-Russia declares independence

1990-07-31

Bosnia-Hercegovina declares independence

1990-08-23

Armenia declares independence

1990-08-30

Tatarstan declares independence from the RSFSR.

1990-09-20

South Ossetia declares its independence from Georgia.

1991-01-11

Soviets storm buildings in Vilnius to block Lithuania independence

1991-02-10

Lithuania votes for independence from USSR

1991-02-12

Iceland recognizes Lithuania's independence

1991-03-31

Soviet Rep of Georgia endorsed independence; Warsaw Pact dissolves

1991-04-29

Croatia declares independence

1991-06-25

Slovenia & Croatia declare independence from Yugoslavia

1991-08-20

Estonia formally declares its independence from the USSR

1991-08-21

Latvia declares its independence from USSR

1991-08-24

Ukraine declares independence from USSR

1991-08-25

Norway & Denmark recognize independence of former USSR Baltic republics

1991-08-25

White-Russia declares its independence

1991-08-27

Moldavia declares independence from USSR

1991-09-02

US officially recognizes independence of Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania

1991-09-06

USSR recognizes the independence of the 3 Baltic republics (Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania)

1991-09-08

Macedonia votes for independence from Yugoslavia

1991-12-01

Ukrainian people vote for independence

1991-12-16

Independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

1992-04-07

Republika Srpska (aka the Bosnian Serb Republic) announces its independence.

1993-05-24

Eritrea achieved independence from Ethiopia after 30-year civil war

1995-05-01

Croatian forces launch Operation Flash during the Croatian War of Independence.

1997-05-06

The Bank of England is given independence from political control, the most significant change in the bank's 300-year history.

1997-11-28

First public appearance of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA), an ethnic Albanian guerrilla group that fought for the independence of Kosovo from Serbia.

1999-08-30

East Timorese vote for independence in a referendum.

2002-05-20

The independence of East Timor is recognized by Portugal, formally ending 23 years of Indonesian rule and 3 years of provisional UN administration (Portugal itself was the former colonizer of East Timor until 1976).

2006-05-21

The Republic of Montenegro holds a referendum proposing independence from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. The Montenegrin people choose independence with a majority of 55%.

2006-05-22

Results from the Montenegrin independence referendum, 2006 are announced. 55.4% of voters vote to become independent from the Serbia and Montenegro Union.

2006-06-03

The union of Serbia and Montenegro comes to an end with Montenegro's formal declaration of independence.

2006-06-05

Serbia declares independence from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro.

2006-11-12

The former Soviet republic of South Ossetia holds a referendum on independence from Georgia.

2007-12-17

Republic of Lakotah asserts independence from the United States

2007-12-19

The Lakotah people, a Native American tribe, proclaim independence and withdraw all their treaties with the United States. They then proceed to establish the Republic of Lakotah, with an ongoing process of international recognition as a separate country.

2008-02-17

Kosovo declares independence from Serbia.

2008-08-26

Russia unilaterally recognizes the independence of the former Georgian breakaway republics Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

2011-07-09

South Sudan gains independence and secedes from Sudan.

2014-11-11

The people of Catalonia in north-eastern Spain vote in a disputed and non-binding poll on independence

2016-11-07

China, in Rare Step, Moves to Bar Pro-Independence Hong Kong Lawmakers From Taking Office

2016-12-04

Castro to be laid to rest next to Cuban independence hero Marti

2017-03-05

Premier Li says China will resolutely oppose Taiwan independence

2017-03-29

Scotland Votes to Demand a Post-'Brexit' Independence Referendum

2017-10-11

Catalan leader signs document declaring independence from Spain

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Independence - Notable Birthdays

Roger ShermanApr 19, 1721

John WitherspoonFeb 5, 1723

John HancockJan 23, 1737

Will SmithSep 25, 1968

Independence - Birthdays
Date Event
1716-01-15

Philip Livingston, American businessman and politician (signed Declaration of Independence)

1721-04-19

Roger Sherman, American lawyer and Founding Father of the United States (Declaration of Independence, Constitution)

1723-02-05

John Witherspoon, Gifford Scotland, president of the College of New Jersey (signed Declaration of Independence)

1724-04-12

Lyman Hall, US physician (signed Declaration of Independence)

1726-02-15

Abraham Clark, Elizabethtown, New Jersey, American politician, signed Declaration of Independence

1726-04-08

Lewis Morris, US farmer (signed Decl of Independence)

1726-11-20

Oliver Wolcott, (Ct-Gov)/signed Decl of Independence [NS=Dec 1]

1726-12-01

Oliver Wolcott, US judge/signer (Declar of Independence)

1727-12-22

William Ellery, US attorney/signer (Declar of Independence)

1728-10-07

Caesar Rodney, Delaware, judge/signer (Declaration of Independence)

1729-11-21

Josiah Bartlett, US physician/judge/signer (Decl of Independence)

1730-01-14

William Whipple, merchant/judge (Declaration of Independence signer)

1730-01-23

Joseph Hewes, US merchant (Declaration of Independence signer)

1730-05-10

George Ross, US judge (signed Declaration of Independence)

1730-10-01

Richard Stockton, US attorney/signer (Decl of Independence)

1731-03-11

Robert Treat Paine, judge, signer (Declaration of Independence)

1731-04-08

William Williams, US merchant (signed Decl of Independence)

1732-01-20

Richard H Lee, US farmer (signed Declaration of Independence)

1733-09-18

George Read, US judge/signer (Declaration of Independence)

1734-01-31

Robert Morris, merchant (signed Declaration of Independence)

1734-03-19

Thomas McKean, US attorney (signed Decl of Independence) [or Apr 19]

1734-10-14

Francis Lightfoot Lee, US farmer/signer (Decl of Independence)

1734-12-17

William Floyd, US soldier/signer (Declaration of Independence)

1736-09-10

Carter Braxton, US farmer/signer (Declaration of Independence)

1737-01-23

John Hancock, merchant/statesman, (1st to sign Declaration of Independence), (d. 1793), [o.s. 1936-01-12]

1738-12-26

Thomas Nelson, merchant, signer of Declaration of Independence

1740-10-31

William Paca, US judge/signer (Declaration of Independence)

1741-05-17

John Penn, US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence) [OS=May 6]

1742-06-17

William Hooper, US attorney (signed Decl of Independence)

1742-06-26

Arthur Middleton, signer (Declaration of Independence)

1742-09-14

James Wilson, Scot/US judge/signer (Declaration of Independence)

1749-08-05

Thomas Lynch, signer (Declaration of Independence)

1749-11-23

Edward Rutledge, (Gov-SC)/attorney/signer (Decl of Independence)

1753-05-08

Miguel Hidalgo y Castilla, father of Mexican independence

1753-05-24

Oliver Cromwell, Burlington NJ, decorated black soldier who served with Washington in US War of Independence

1756-06-06

John Trumbull, US painter (Declaration of Independence)

1778-08-20

Bernardo O'Higgins, Chillán, Chile, South American independence leader who freed Chile from Spanish rule (1817-1823 Supreme Director of Chile)

1786-05-15

General Dimitris Plapoutas, a Revolutionary in the Greek War of Independence (d. 1864)

1795-02-03

Antonio José de Sucre, South American independence leader (d. 1830)

1811-06-17

Jón Sigurðsson, Icelandic independence fighter and Icelandic historian (d. 1879)

1847-05-30

Alice Sophia Stopford Green, Ireland, proponent of Irish independence

1866-05-09

Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Leader of Indian Independence Movement (d. 1915)

1876-9-25

Allen Lee, The Declaration of Independence

1879-05-17

Simon Petlyura, Ukrainian independence fighter (d. 1926)

1891-09-12

Pedro Albizu Campos, advocate for Puerto Rican independence (d. 1965)

1904-08-24

Charles L. Tedford, The Declaration of Independence

1905-04-21

Ted Osborne, The Declaration of Independence

1907-07-31

George L. George, Toward Independence

1908-10-12

Richard Bond, The Declaration of Independence

1914-07-14

George Putnam, Independence Day

1916-04-23

Bud Wilkinson, 1982 Independence Bowl

1917-04-27

Ruth Moody, Garrison Keillor's Independence Day Special: A Prairie Home Companion at Tanglewood

1919-05-05

Hayri Esen, The Independence War

1921-06-09

Jerry Dunphy, Independence Day

1923-11-25

Mauro Bruno, Independence Day

1927-03-29

John McLaughlin, Independence Day

1927-12-29

Jim Simpson, 1982 Independence Bowl

1930-01-30

Jack Germond, Independence Day

1931-10-10

Ralph Moratz, Independence Day

1932-08-10

Douglas M. Lackey, Independence Day

1935-03-15

Judd Hirsch, Independence Day

1935-03-20

Joe Krivak, 1990 Independence Bowl

1939-04-28

Morton Kondracke, Independence Day

1940-07-07

Eleanor Clift, Independence Day

1941-01-04

John Bennett Perry, Independence Day

1945-06-04

Bruce Flanders, Independence Day

1948-11-25

Joyce Cohen, Independence Day

1948-9-11

Alan Kozlowski, Independence Day

1949-03-03

Fernando Negrette, Independence Day

1949-08-24

Junior Vasquez, Independence Day

1952-04-28

Mary McDonnell, Wilkes-Barre PA, actress (Sneakers, Independence Day)

1952-10-22

Jeff Goldblum, Pitts Pa, actor (Fly, Jurassic Park, Independence Day)

1952-11-18

Henry Urgoiti, Independence Day

1952-11-21

Jeff Crivello, Independence Day

1952-9-17

Lee Strauss, Independence Day

1953-12-17

Bill Pullman, Hornell NY, actor (Sommersby, League of their Own, Independence Day)

1953-12-17

Bill Pullman, Independence Day

1954-06-06

Harvey Fierstein, Independence Day

1954-10-16

Jon Johnson, Independence Day

1955-11-26

Joe Fowler, Independence Day

1955-12-05

Bobby Hosea, Independence Day

1956-12-06

Peter Buck, Independence Day

1957-05-26

Margaret Colin, actress (Independence Day, Three Men & a Baby)

1957-06-19

Karl Walter Lindenlaub, Independence Day

1957-12-15

Nicholas James, Independence Day

1957-9-28

Konstantin Grivsky, Don't Even Think! Independence Play

1958-05-26

Margaret Colin, Independence Day

1958-06-17

Dan McVicar, Independence Mo, actor (Clarke-Bold & Beautiful)

1958-07-31

Bill Berry, Independence Day

1958-11-11

Carlos Lacamara, Independence Day

1958-12-17

Mike Mills, Independence Day

1959-11-02

Mark May, 2001 Independence Bowl

1960-01-04

Michael Stipe, Independence Day

1962-01-10

Julie Moran, Independence Day

1962-01-11

Julie Moran, TV hostess (Entertainment Tonight, Independence Day)

1962-06-02

Peter J. Lucas, Independence Day

1962-08-27

Dean Devlin, Independence Day

1962-10-14

Ron Pitts, Independence Day

1963-02-01

Alexander Cary, State of Independence

1963-08-24

Elston Ridgle, Independence Day

1964-02-12

Raphael Sbarge, Independence Day

1964-04-02

Jana Marie Hupp, Independence Day

1965-02-17

Volker Engel, Independence Day

1965-11-04

Kiersten Warren, Independence Day

1966-01-30

Wayne Wilderson, Independence Day

1966-02-05

Eric Michael Zee, Independence Day

1966-04-14

Sean Haworth, Independence Day

1966-04-30

Wendy L. Walsh, Independence Day

1966-05-07

Matthew R. Altman, Independence Day

1966-11-06

Steffen M. Wild, Independence Day

1967-04-06

Hartmut Engel, Independence Day

1967-04-14

Michael Luciano, Independence Day

1967-05-19

Paul Howarth, Independence Day

1968-04-24

Hashim Thaçi, Independence Day - Kosovo auf dem Weg in die Unabhängigkeit

1968-07-31

Andre Ware, 2014 Duck Commander Independence Bowl

1968-09-25

Will Smith [The Fresh Prince], actor/rapper (Men in Black, Independence Day, Fresh Prince)

1968-9-25

Johnny Kim, Independence Day

1969-9-01

Benedikt Niemann, Independence Day

1970-01-25

Marisa Johnston, Independence Day

1975-04-26

Kristof Konrad, Independence Day

1975-08-12

Rena Wiriaatmadja-Nelson, Day of Independence

1976-12-25

Scott Vermillion, Independence MO, soccer defender (Olympics-gold-96)

1977-07-18

Ryan E. Nelson, Day of Independence

1978-10-15

Devon Gummersall, Independence Day

1978-12-27

Lisa Jakub, Independence Day

1980-11-20

Gina Hiraizumi, Day of Independence

1983-06-11

Jerrod Knight, The Road to Independence: The Movie

1984-03-02

Andrew James Thomas, Independence Day

1984-9-18

Clayton Shank, Independence Day: Resurgence

1988-03-28

Geno Atkins, 2009 AdvoCare V100 Independence Bowl

1988-06-09

Mae Whitman, Independence Day

1988-12-05

Ross Bagley, Independence Day

1989-06-03

Alfred LaFleur, Independence Day

Independence - Notable Weddings

Elizabeth TrumanJun 28, 1919

Angela LansburySep 27, 1945

Independence - Weddings
Date Event
1816-05-02

Léopold (Léopold I)of Saxe-Coburg, 1st King of Belgium following independence from the Netherlands marries British Princess Charlotte Augusta

1919-06-28

33rd US president Harry Truman (35) weds Elizabeth Truman (34) in Independence

1945-09-27

Actor Richard Cromwell (35) weds actress Angela Lansbury (19) in Independence, California

Independence - Notable Deaths

Roger ShermanJul 23, 1793

John HancockOct 8, 1793

Robert R. LivingstonFeb 26, 1813

Bess TrumanOct 18, 1982

Independence - Deaths
Date Event
1779-05-11

John Heart, US farmer (signed Decl of Independence), dies at about 68

1779-07-14

George Ross, US judge/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 49

1779-10-11

Casimir Pułaski, Polish born fighter for American independence (b. 1745) dies in Battle of Savannah

1779-11-10

Joseph Hewes, US merchant/signer (Decl of Independence), dies at 49

1781-02-23

George Taylor, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (bc. 1716)

1784-06-29

Caesar Rodney, US judge/singer (Declar of Independence), dies at 55

1785-07-13

Stephen Hopkins, US judge/signer (Decl of Independence), dies at 78

1785-11-28

William Whipple, merchant/judge/signer (US Declaration of Independence), dies at 55

1787-01-01

Arthur Middleton, US farmer (signed Decl of Independence), dies at 44

1788-09-14

John Penn, US attorney, signed (Decl of Independence), dies at 47

1793-07-23

Roger Sherman, American lawyer and Founding Father of the United States (Decl of Independence), dies of typhoid fever at 72

1793-10-08

John Hancock, US merchant/statesman (Decl of Independence), dies at 56

1794-06-19

Richard H Lee, US farmer (signed Decl of Independence), dies at 62

1794-09-15

Abraham Clark, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1725)

1796-01-05

Samuel Huntington, US judge (signed Decl of Independence), dies at 64

1797-10-10

Carter Braxton, US boer/signer (Decl of Independence), dies at 61

1797-12-01

Oliver Wolcott, US judge/signer (Decl of Independence), dies at 71

1798-01-22

Lewis Morris, US farmer (signed Decl of Independence), dies at 71

1798-09-21

George Read, US judge/signer (Decl of Independence), dies at 65

1799-10-23

William Paca, US judge/signer (Decl of Independence), dies at 58

1804-02-02

Caesar Rodney, US judge (signed Declar of Independence), dies at 62

1804-02-02

George Walton, Signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1749-50)

1811-06-19

Samuel Chase, US judge (signed Declar of Independence), dies at 70

1813-01-23

George Clymer, US merchant (signed Decl of Independence), dies at 73

1813-02-26

Robert R. Livingston, US diplomat (Decl of Independence), dies at 66

1814-11-23

Elbridge Gerry, US merchant/signer (Decl of Independence), dies at 70

1817-06-24

Thomas McKean, US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 83

1820-02-15

William Ellery, US attorney (signed Decl of Independence), dies at 92

1821-08-04

William Floyd, US soldier/signer (Declar of Independence), dies at 86

1825-06-05

Odysseas Androutsos, hero in the Greek War of Independence

1829-03-02

Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez, conspirator and supporter of the Mexican War of Independence (b. 1768)

1835-06-24

Andreas Vokos Miaoulis, Greek admiral and politician, commander of Greek naval forces in Greek War of Independence (b. 1769)

1840-05-06

Francisco de Paula Santander, Colombian president and independence leader (b. 1792)

1842-10-24

Bernardo O'Higgins, Chilean independence leader who freed Chile from Spanish rule, dies at 64

1951-02-05

Allen Lee, The Declaration of Independence

1955-09-27

Charles L. Tedford, The Declaration of Independence

1973-01-20

Amilcar L Cabral, fought for Guinea Bissau independence, murdered 51

1977-02-06

Hayri Esen, The Independence War

1982-10-18

Bess Truman, 1st lady (1945-53), dies in Independence, Mo at 97

1987-02-12

Ted Osborne, The Declaration of Independence

1989-11-04

Richard Bond, The Declaration of Independence

1990-04-24

Ruth Moody, Garrison Keillor's Independence Day Special: A Prairie Home Companion at Tanglewood

1992-12-30

George L. George, Toward Independence

1994-02-09

Bud Wilkinson, 1982 Independence Bowl

1995-08-29

Henry Urgoiti, Independence Day

1999-02-14

Lee Strauss, Independence Day

2002-05-20

Jerry Dunphy, Independence Day

2002-10-03

Mauro Bruno, Independence Day

2008-09-12

George Putnam, Independence Day

2012-12-25

Joe Krivak, 1990 Independence Bowl

2013-08-14

Jack Germond, Independence Day

2017-07-30

Algeria independence figure Redha Malek dies aged 86


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