World's oldest parliament, the Icelandic Parliament, the Alþingi (anglicised as Althing or Althingi), established
The foundation of the Hungarian state, Hungary is established as a Christian kingdom by Stephen I of Hungary.
Daitokuji temple, Rinzai line, established in Kyoto by Daito Kokushi
Union of Kalmar established between Denmark, Sweden & Norway
Brussels Brabants/Limburgse audit-office established
Order of Golden Fleece established in Austria-Hungary & Spain
The University of Greifswald is established, making it the second oldest university in northern continental Europe (also for a period the oldest in Sweden, and Prussia)
The Unitas Fratrum is established in the village of Kunvald, on the Bohemian-Moravian borderland. It is to date the second oldest Protestant denomination.
The first university in the New World, the Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, is established.
Oldest city in the US, St Augustine Fla, established
Company of Distant established for business on East-Indies
1st Protestant Episcopal parish in America established, Jamestown
Wisselbank of Amsterdam established
1st commercial fishery established
French colony of Guadeloupe established in Caribbean
The Harvard Corporation, the more powerful of the two administrative boards of Harvard, is established. It is the first legal corporation in the Americas.
Cape Colony, the 1st European settlement in South Africa, established by Dutch East India Company under John of Riebeeck
Treaty of Oliwa is established between Sweden and Poland.
New Jersey established
The Duke of York and Albany's Maritime Regiment of Foot, later to be known as the Royal Marines, is established.
Royal Greenwich Observatory established in England by Charles II
Fort St. Louis is established by a Frenchman at Matagorda Bay thus forming the basis for France's claim to Texas.
Court of Oyer and Terminer established by Governor of Massachusetts to hear accussations of witchcraft
Vienna's Wiener Stadtbank established
The Supreme Privy Council is established in Russia.
Moscow University established on Tatiana Day.
General Church of New Jerusalem established
1st US public museum established (Charlestown SC)
US army Corps of Engineers established (1st time)
1st US seed business established by David Landreth, Philadelphia
Russian trappers established a colony on Kodiak Island, AK
Catholic Apostolic Prefecture of the United States established.
US Treasury Department established by Congress
US War Dept established a regular army
1st US law school established at University of Pennsylvania
Freedom of worship established in France under constitution
US Marine Corps established by an act of Congress
Washington DC established as capital of US
US Army Corps of Engineers established (2nd time)
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts established, Philadelphia
Sweden declares independence, constitutional monarchy established with a new constituion empowering Riksdag after 20 years of absolute monarchy
The Primera Junta (local government) is established in Argentina
Netherlands Bank established
World's 1st commercial cheese factory established, in Switzerland
Warsaw University is established.
Bureau of Indian Affairs established
The French Foreign Legion is established by King Louis-Philippe to support his war in Algeria.
Boston Academy of Music, 1st US music school, established
Wake Forest University is established.
The Royal College, Colombo, established with the name Hillstreet Academy in Sri Lanka.
Anti-Corn Law League established by Richard Cobden
In the Kingdom of Hawaii, Kamehameha III issues the Edict of toleration which gives Roman Catholics the freedom to worship in the Hawaiian Islands. The Hawaii Catholic Church and the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace is later established as a result
French colony established in Akaroa, South Island of New Zealand
1st US telegraph co established in Maryland
1st commercial bank in SF established
2nd republic established in France
New Roman Republic established.
US Home Department (later renamed the Department of the Interior) established by Congress
1st commercial laundry established, in Oaklan, California
SF County government established
Hawaiian post office established
Hawaiian Fire Dept established
Studebaker Brothers wagon company, precursor of the automobile manufacturer, is established.
2nd French empire established; Louis Napoleon becomes emperor
Dutch KNMI established (Royal Meteorological Institute)
The Hinomaru is established as the official flag to be flown from Japanese ships.
Michigan State University was established.
Victoria Cross established to acknowledge valour in the face of the enemy (United Kingdom and Commonwealth countries)
Australia: Queensland is established as a separate colony from New South Wales (Queensland Day).
American College established in Rome by Pope Pius IX
The State Bank of the Russian Empire is established.
Anaheim Post Office established
American Civil War: The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War is established by the U.S. Congress.
US Army of Virginia established under Gen John Pope
Territory of Idaho established
Campina Grande, Brazil was established as a city.
NV Suriname Bank established
US Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, & Abandoned Lands established by Abraham Lincoln to help destitute free blacks
The International Telegraph Union (later the International Telecommunication Union) is established.
The Agra High Court (ow the Allahabad High Court) is established in India.
1st US dental school, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, established
The Bulgarian Exarchate is established by decree of Sultan Abd-ul-Aziz of the Ottoman Empire.
Florida territorial government established.
The first Shriners Temple (called Mecca) was established in New York City.
The United States Greenback Party is established as a political party consisting primarily of farmers affected by the Panic of 1873.
Universal Postal Union established
Direct telegraph link established between Britain & New Zealand
US Coast Guard officers' training school established (New Bedford MA)
The coat of arms of the Baku governorate was established.
Custer Battlefield National Monument, Mont established
Standard Oil of New Jersey is established.
Greenwich established as universal time meridian of longitude
Ananda College, a leading Buddhist school in Sri Lanka was established with 37 students.
Dutch Amateur Photography Cooperation established
Dutch Heidemaatschappij established
English Football League established
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) is established as a Cabinet-level agency.
The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community was established by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian India.
The Jewish Colonization Association is established by Baron Maurice de Hirsch.
The Limelight Department, one of the world's first film studios, is officially established in Melbourne, Australia.
Katipunan: the Revolutionary Philippine Brotherhood is established leading to the fall of the Spanish Empire in Asia.
Labor Day established as a holiday for federal employees
Los Angeles Railway established to provide streetcar service
Automobile Club of Great Britain established (now: Royal Automobile Club)
The United States Navy Hospital Corps is established.
City of NY established
Western Washington University is established.
Gideon Society established to place bibles in hotels
British protectorates of Northern & Southern Nigeria established
British protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria are established.
Dwight Davis established a new tennis trophy, the Davis Cup
The Commonwealth of Australia is established by the British House of Commons
Female Army Nurse Corps established as a permanent organization
The Fawcett Commission headed by Millicent Fawcett is established as a result of an outcry against the treatment of Afrikaners in concentration camps during the South African War
Sigma Phi Epsilon, the largest national male collegiate fraternity is established at Richmond College, in Richmond, VA.
U.S. Army War College is established.
Civil government is established in the Philippines by a proclamation from US president Roosevelt, who offers a general amnesty to insurgents
Wind Cave National Park, SD established
1st national bird reservation established in Sebastian, FL
The Pushkin House is established in St. Petersburg to preserve the cultural heritage of Alexander Pushkin
The Armenian organization AGBU is established.
The International Federation of Intellectual Property Attorneys (FICPI) is established.
Centro Escolar University is established by Librada Avelino and Carmen de Luna in Manila, Philippines.
World's 1st air force established (US Army)
Muir Woods National Monument, California established
Pinnacles National Monument, California established
1st US university school of nursing established, Univ of Minn
1st junior high school established (Berkeley California)
Dutch Scouts Organization established in Amsterdam
The University of the Philippines College of Law is formally established; three future Philippine presidents are among the first enrollees.
The Republic of China is established.
French protectorate in Morocco established
Columbia University approves plans for awarding the Pulitzer Prize in several categories The award is established by Joseph Pulitzer
Rocky Mountain National Park, Colo established
Dinosaur National Monument in Colorado & Utah is established
Belgian Council of Flanders established
Terek Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR (until 1921)
The Belarusian People's Republic is established.
Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW) established as a public company in Germany.
Yugoslavia declares independence; monarchy established
Belorussian SSR established
The Republic of Prekmurje founded - a short-lived, unrecognised state, which on June 6, 1919 was incorporated into the newly established Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed "Yugoslavia" in 1929).
Treaty of Versailles ending WW I signed in France - also established the League of Nations
KLM, Royal Ducth Airlines, established (oldest existing airline)
Canadian National Railways established (N America's longest, 50,000 KM)
1st US coast guard air station established (Morehead City NC)
Mountain Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR
The South African Reserve Bank is established.
Tannu Tuva, later Tuvinian People's Republic is established as a completely independent country (which is supported by Russia).
Lehman Caves National Monument established
Union of Socialist Soviet Republics established
Aztec Ruins National Monument, NM established
Croydon Airport, London: Imperial Airways established
AEK Athens FC is established on the anniversary of the siege of Constantinople by the Turks.
Gila Wilderness Area established by US Forest Service
Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region established (now in Tadzhik SSR)
Glacier Bay National Monument established in Alaska
The diplomatic relations between Japan and the Soviet Union were established.
Afrikaans is established as an official language in South Africa.
The most famous Young Pioneer camp of the USSR, Artek, is established.
Japan's public broadcasting company, Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai(NHK) is established.
U.S. Route 66 is established.
Humanist Society established, Hollywood, California
Acadia National Park, Maine established
George Washington Birthplace National Monument, Va established
The Communist Party of Vietnam is established.
Child labor laws established in Belgium
The Indian Air Force is established.
White Sands National Monument, NM established
German Secret State Police (Gestapo - Geheime Staats Polizei) established by Hermann Göring
CCC Camps are established in Cleveland Park District
International Telecommunication Union established
The Candidate of Science degree is established in the USSR.
Securities & Exchange Commission established
Ft Jefferson National Monument, Fla established
1st coml hydroponics operation established (Montebello California)
1st bicycle traffic court in America established, Racine, WI
The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation is established.
National Gallery of Art established by Congress
March of Dimes established to fight polio
Civil Aeronautics Authority (US) established
The South African Press Association (SAPA) is established as a non-governmental institution by South Africa's major newspapers to facilitate the sharing of news, both national and international
Federal Hall National Monument established
Lodtz, 1st large ghetto established by Nazis in Poland
Princess Irene Brigade established in Congleton
Fair Employment Practices Commission established
Crakow-Plaszow Concentration Camp established
The diplomatic relations between New Zealand and the Soviet Union are established.
Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Brazil are established.
Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Bolivia are established.
The diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Guatemala are established.
Dutch political party ANJV established in Concert building, Amsterdam
Foundation 1940-45 established
Utrecht: Catholic People's party (KVP) established
International Monetary Fund formally established by 29 member countries
Italian Republic established
Canadian Library Association established
UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) established (Nobel 1965)
4th French republic established
NV United Dutch Fokker's Aircraft established
The Supreme Court of Japan is established.
UN World Meteorological Org established
Japan Airlines is established.
US Department of Health, Education & Welfare established
The National Negro Network is established with 40 charter member radio stations.
The first Church of Scientology is established in Los Angeles, California.
US Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs established
West European Union established
Foundation Praemium Erasmianum (Erasmus Prize) established
Fifth Republic of France is established.
In South Africa, Apartheid government efforts to remove Black people from Cato Manor close to the Durban city center to Kwa Mashu, a newly established black township on the outskirts, is met with violent resistance.
The Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) is established.
UN Committee on Peaceful Use of Outer Space is established
Key Largo Coral Reef Preserve established (1st underwater park)
United States Navy SEALs established.
The European Space Research Organisation is established in Paris - later becoming the European Space Agency.
SVB, Students Unions, established under Barrel Regtien
ESRO established, European Space Research Organization
Several Arab nations break ties with West Germany after it established diplomatic relations with Israel
The Principality of Sealand is established, ruled by Prince Paddy Roy Bates.
People's front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) established
Political Party Radikalen (PPR) established in Netherlands
The CIA's Phoenix Program is officially established.
Afro-American Historical Calendar Series Established
The Red Army Faction is established in Germany.
The Social and Democratic Labour Party (SDLP) is established with Gerry Fitt as the first leader of the party
Voyageurs National Park, Minn established
US Government ends Mandatory Oil Import Program, established in 1959 by President Eisenhower
The Provisional Irish Republican Army agrees to a truce and ceasefire with the British government and the Northern Ireland Office; Seven "incident centres" are established in nationalist areas to monitor the ceasefire and the response of the security forces
Provisional Revolutionary Government of South Vietnam established
Arabic Monetary Fund established in Abu Dhabi
Human Rights Charter 77 established in Prague
US Department of Energy established
Commonwealth of Northern Marianas established
Jura, 26th canton of Switzerland, established
Shah leaves Iran on vacation, never to return; Bakhtiar government established by the Shah to preside until unrest subsides
European Monetary System is established, ECU created
CTUC, Commonwealth Trade Union Council, established
Conch Republic is established - secession of the Florida Keys from the United States of America
ICIMOD established and inaugurated with its headquarters in Kathmandu, Nepal, and legitimised through an Act of Parliament in Nepal in the same year.
Position of American Poet Laureate established (Robert Warren is 1st)
Dept of Veterans Affairs officially established as a Cabinet position
The nation of Bosnia was established.
Diplomatic relations are established between the People's Republic of China and South Korea.
The European Central Bank is established.
Nunavut is established as a Canadian territory carved out of the eastern part of the Northwest Territories.
Bahria University is established through Presidential Ordinance No. V of 2000 by the Government of Pakistan.
The International Criminal Court is established to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the crime of aggression.
The African Union is established in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The first chairman is Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa.
AOL Time Warner disbands Netscape Communications Corporation. The Mozilla Foundation is established on the same day.
The first European political party organization, the European Greens, is established in Rome.
Tamil is established as a Classical language by the President of India, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam in a joint sitting of the two houses of the Indian Parliament.
nothing here now
William Stewart Halsted, established 1st US surgical school
John Gates ("Bet-a-million" Gates), West Chicago, Illinois, USA, American inventor and industrialist who established the market for barbed wire fencing
Edward Albert Filene, merchant, established US credit union movement
John Fillmore Hayford, Rouses Point New York, American Geodesist who established the theory of isostasy and founded the modern science of geodesy (precise measurements of the shape of the earth)
Helen Miller Shepard, philanthropist/established Hall of Fame
Felix Dzerzhinsky [Iron Felix, Bloody Felix], Ivyanets, Lithuania, Soviet statesman, established and developed Soviet secret police (Cheka, forerunner to the KGB)
Iris Ballard, Contact Has Been Established
John Gates ("Bet-a-million" Gates), American inventor and industrialist who established the market for barbed wire fencing, dies following an unsuccessful operation to remove a throat tumor at 56
Felix Dzerzhinsky [Iron Felix, Bloody Felix], Soviet statesman, established and developed Soviet secret police (Cheka, forerunner to the KGB), dies at 48
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