History Hop Tags - Established

Established - Notable Historical Events

Charles IIJun 22, 1675

Abraham LincolnMar 3, 1865

Custer BattlefieldJan 29, 1879

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Established - Historical Events
Date Event
930-06-23

World's oldest parliament, the Icelandic Parliament, the Alþingi (anglicised as Althing or Althingi), established

1000-08-20

The foundation of the Hungarian state, Hungary is established as a Christian kingdom by Stephen I of Hungary.

1326-12-08

Daitokuji temple, Rinzai line, established in Kyoto by Daito Kokushi

1397-06-17

Union of Kalmar established between Denmark, Sweden & Norway

1404-09-26

Brussels Brabants/Limburgse audit-office established

1429-01-10

Order of Golden Fleece established in Austria-Hungary & Spain

1456-10-17

The University of Greifswald is established, making it the second oldest university in northern continental Europe (also for a period the oldest in Sweden, and Prussia)

1457-03-01

The Unitas Fratrum is established in the village of Kunvald, on the Bohemian-Moravian borderland. It is to date the second oldest Protestant denomination.

1538-10-28

The first university in the New World, the Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, is established.

1565-08-28

Oldest city in the US, St Augustine Fla, established

1594-03-12

Company of Distant established for business on East-Indies

1607-06-21

1st Protestant Episcopal parish in America established, Jamestown

1609-01-31

Wisselbank of Amsterdam established

1629-04-17

1st commercial fishery established

1635-06-28

French colony of Guadeloupe established in Caribbean

1650-06-09

The Harvard Corporation, the more powerful of the two administrative boards of Harvard, is established. It is the first legal corporation in the Americas.

1652-04-06

Cape Colony, the 1st European settlement in South Africa, established by Dutch East India Company under John of Riebeeck

1660-04-23

Treaty of Oliwa is established between Sweden and Poland.

1664-06-15

New Jersey established

1664-10-28

The Duke of York and Albany's Maritime Regiment of Foot, later to be known as the Royal Marines, is established.

1675-06-22

Royal Greenwich Observatory established in England by Charles II

1685-02-18

Fort St. Louis is established by a Frenchman at Matagorda Bay thus forming the basis for France's claim to Texas.

1692-05-27

Court of Oyer and Terminer established by Governor of Massachusetts to hear accussations of witchcraft

1706-03-08

Vienna's Wiener Stadtbank established

1726-02-08

The Supreme Privy Council is established in Russia.

1755-01-25

Moscow University established on Tatiana Day.

1770-06-19

General Church of New Jerusalem established

1773-01-12

1st US public museum established (Charlestown SC)

1779-03-11

US army Corps of Engineers established (1st time)

1784-01-07

1st US seed business established by David Landreth, Philadelphia

1784-09-22

Russian trappers established a colony on Kodiak Island, AK

1784-11-26

Catholic Apostolic Prefecture of the United States established.

1789-09-02

US Treasury Department established by Congress

1789-09-29

US War Dept established a regular army

1791-12-15

1st US law school established at University of Pennsylvania

1795-02-21

Freedom of worship established in France under constitution

1798-07-11

US Marine Corps established by an act of Congress

1800-12-12

Washington DC established as capital of US

1802-03-16

US Army Corps of Engineers established (2nd time)

1805-12-26

Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts established, Philadelphia

1809-06-06

Sweden declares independence, constitutional monarchy established with a new constituion empowering Riksdag after 20 years of absolute monarchy

1810-05-25

The Primera Junta (local government) is established in Argentina

1814-03-25

Netherlands Bank established

1815-02-03

World's 1st commercial cheese factory established, in Switzerland

1816-11-19

Warsaw University is established.

1824-06-17

Bureau of Indian Affairs established

1831-03-10

The French Foreign Legion is established by King Louis-Philippe to support his war in Algeria.

1833-01-08

Boston Academy of Music, 1st US music school, established

1834-02-03

Wake Forest University is established.

1835-10-09

The Royal College, Colombo, established with the name Hillstreet Academy in Sri Lanka.

1838-09-18

Anti-Corn Law League established by Richard Cobden

1839-06-17

In the Kingdom of Hawaii, Kamehameha III issues the Edict of toleration which gives Roman Catholics the freedom to worship in the Hawaiian Islands. The Hawaii Catholic Church and the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace is later established as a result

1840-08-18

French colony established in Akaroa, South Island of New Zealand

1847-02-04

1st US telegraph co established in Maryland

1848-01-09

1st commercial bank in SF established

1848-03-12

2nd republic established in France

1849-02-08

New Roman Republic established.

1849-03-03

US Home Department (later renamed the Department of the Interior) established by Congress

1849-09-19

1st commercial laundry established, in Oaklan, California

1850-04-01

SF County government established

1850-12-20

Hawaiian post office established

1850-12-27

Hawaiian Fire Dept established

1852-02-16

Studebaker Brothers wagon company, precursor of the automobile manufacturer, is established.

1852-12-02

2nd French empire established; Louis Napoleon becomes emperor

1854-01-31

Dutch KNMI established (Royal Meteorological Institute)

1854-08-04

The Hinomaru is established as the official flag to be flown from Japanese ships.

1855-02-12

Michigan State University was established.

1856-01-29

Victoria Cross established to acknowledge valour in the face of the enemy (United Kingdom and Commonwealth countries)

1859-06-06

Australia: Queensland is established as a separate colony from New South Wales (Queensland Day).

1860-01-29

American College established in Rome by Pope Pius IX

1860-06-12

The State Bank of the Russian Empire is established.

1861-06-19

Anaheim Post Office established

1861-12-09

American Civil War: The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War is established by the U.S. Congress.

1862-06-26

US Army of Virginia established under Gen John Pope

1863-03-04

Territory of Idaho established

1864-10-11

Campina Grande, Brazil was established as a city.

1865-01-19

NV Suriname Bank established

1865-03-03

US Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, & Abandoned Lands established by Abraham Lincoln to help destitute free blacks

1865-05-17

The International Telegraph Union (later the International Telecommunication Union) is established.

1866-06-11

The Agra High Court (ow the Allahabad High Court) is established in India.

1867-07-17

1st US dental school, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, established

1870-02-28

The Bulgarian Exarchate is established by decree of Sultan Abd-ul-Aziz of the Ottoman Empire.

1870-03-30

Florida territorial government established.

1872-09-26

The first Shriners Temple (called Mecca) was established in New York City.

1874-11-25

The United States Greenback Party is established as a political party consisting primarily of farmers affected by the Panic of 1873.

1875-07-01

Universal Postal Union established

1876-02-18

Direct telegraph link established between Britain & New Zealand

1876-07-31

US Coast Guard officers' training school established (New Bedford MA)

1878-07-05

The coat of arms of the Baku governorate was established.

1879-01-29

Custer Battlefield National Monument, Mont established

1882-08-05

Standard Oil of New Jersey is established.

1884-10-13

Greenwich established as universal time meridian of longitude

1886-11-01

Ananda College, a leading Buddhist school in Sri Lanka was established with 37 students.

1887-09-01

Dutch Amateur Photography Cooperation established

1888-01-05

Dutch Heidemaatschappij established

1888-03-22

English Football League established

1889-02-09

The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) is established as a Cabinet-level agency.

1889-03-23

The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community was established by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian India.

1891-09-11

The Jewish Colonization Association is established by Baron Maurice de Hirsch.

1892-06-11

The Limelight Department, one of the world's first film studios, is officially established in Melbourne, Australia.

1892-07-07

Katipunan: the Revolutionary Philippine Brotherhood is established leading to the fall of the Spanish Empire in Asia.

1894-06-28

Labor Day established as a holiday for federal employees

1895-03-19

Los Angeles Railway established to provide streetcar service

1897-08-10

Automobile Club of Great Britain established (now: Royal Automobile Club)

1898-06-17

The United States Navy Hospital Corps is established.

1898-09-30

City of NY established

1899-02-24

Western Washington University is established.

1899-07-01

Gideon Society established to place bibles in hotels

1900-01-01

British protectorates of Northern & Southern Nigeria established

1900-01-01

British protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria are established.

1900-02-09

Dwight Davis established a new tennis trophy, the Davis Cup

1900-07-09

The Commonwealth of Australia is established by the British House of Commons

1901-02-02

Female Army Nurse Corps established as a permanent organization

1901-07-16

The Fawcett Commission headed by Millicent Fawcett is established as a result of an outcry against the treatment of Afrikaners in concentration camps during the South African War

1901-11-01

Sigma Phi Epsilon, the largest national male collegiate fraternity is established at Richmond College, in Richmond, VA.

1901-11-27

U.S. Army War College is established.

1902-07-04

Civil government is established in the Philippines by a proclamation from US president Roosevelt, who offers a general amnesty to insurgents

1903-01-09

Wind Cave National Park, SD established

1903-03-14

1st national bird reservation established in Sebastian, FL

1905-12-15

The Pushkin House is established in St. Petersburg to preserve the cultural heritage of Alexander Pushkin

1906-04-15

The Armenian organization AGBU is established.

1906-09-01

The International Federation of Intellectual Property Attorneys (FICPI) is established.

1907-06-03

Centro Escolar University is established by Librada Avelino and Carmen de Luna in Manila, Philippines.

1907-07-01

World's 1st air force established (US Army)

1908-01-09

Muir Woods National Monument, California established

1908-01-16

Pinnacles National Monument, California established

1909-03-01

1st US university school of nursing established, Univ of Minn

1909-12-21

1st junior high school established (Berkeley California)

1911-01-07

Dutch Scouts Organization established in Amsterdam

1911-01-12

The University of the Philippines College of Law is formally established; three future Philippine presidents are among the first enrollees.

1912-01-01

The Republic of China is established.

1912-03-30

French protectorate in Morocco established

1912-05-07

Columbia University approves plans for awarding the Pulitzer Prize in several categories The award is established by Joseph Pulitzer

1915-01-26

Rocky Mountain National Park, Colo established

1915-10-04

Dinosaur National Monument in Colorado & Utah is established

1917-02-04

Belgian Council of Flanders established

1918-03-04

Terek Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR (until 1921)

1918-03-25

The Belarusian People's Republic is established.

1918-08-13

Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW) established as a public company in Germany.

1918-12-01

Yugoslavia declares independence; monarchy established

1919-01-01

Belorussian SSR established

1919-05-29

The Republic of Prekmurje founded - a short-lived, unrecognised state, which on June 6, 1919 was incorporated into the newly established Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed "Yugoslavia" in 1929).

1919-06-28

Treaty of Versailles ending WW I signed in France - also established the League of Nations

1919-10-07

KLM, Royal Ducth Airlines, established (oldest existing airline)

1919-12-20

Canadian National Railways established (N America's longest, 50,000 KM)

1920-03-24

1st US coast guard air station established (Morehead City NC)

1921-01-20

Mountain Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR

1921-06-30

The South African Reserve Bank is established.

1921-08-14

Tannu Tuva, later Tuvinian People's Republic is established as a completely independent country (which is supported by Russia).

1922-01-24

Lehman Caves National Monument established

1923-01-01

Union of Socialist Soviet Republics established

1923-01-24

Aztec Ruins National Monument, NM established

1924-03-31

Croydon Airport, London: Imperial Airways established

1924-05-29

AEK Athens FC is established on the anniversary of the siege of Constantinople by the Turks.

1924-06-03

Gila Wilderness Area established by US Forest Service

1925-01-02

Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region established (now in Tadzhik SSR)

1925-02-25

Glacier Bay National Monument established in Alaska

1925-02-25

The diplomatic relations between Japan and the Soviet Union were established.

1925-05-05

Afrikaans is established as an official language in South Africa.

1925-06-16

The most famous Young Pioneer camp of the USSR, Artek, is established.

1926-08-20

Japan's public broadcasting company, Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai(NHK) is established.

1926-11-11

U.S. Route 66 is established.

1929-01-13

Humanist Society established, Hollywood, California

1929-01-19

Acadia National Park, Maine established

1930-01-23

George Washington Birthplace National Monument, Va established

1930-02-03

The Communist Party of Vietnam is established.

1930-08-04

Child labor laws established in Belgium

1932-10-08

The Indian Air Force is established.

1933-01-18

White Sands National Monument, NM established

1933-06-13

German Secret State Police (Gestapo - Geheime Staats Polizei) established by Hermann Göring

1933-11-30

CCC Camps are established in Cleveland Park District

1934-01-01

International Telecommunication Union established

1934-01-13

The Candidate of Science degree is established in the USSR.

1934-06-06

Securities & Exchange Commission established

1935-01-04

Ft Jefferson National Monument, Fla established

1935-12-05

1st coml hydroponics operation established (Montebello California)

1936-06-18

1st bicycle traffic court in America established, Racine, WI

1936-11-02

The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation is established.

1937-03-24

National Gallery of Art established by Congress

1938-01-03

March of Dimes established to fight polio

1938-06-23

Civil Aeronautics Authority (US) established

1938-07-01

The South African Press Association (SAPA) is established as a non-governmental institution by South Africa's major newspapers to facilitate the sharing of news, both national and international

1939-01-26

Federal Hall National Monument established

1940-02-08

Lodtz, 1st large ghetto established by Nazis in Poland

1941-01-11

Princess Irene Brigade established in Congleton

1941-06-25

Fair Employment Practices Commission established

1944-01-11

Crakow-Plaszow Concentration Camp established

1944-04-13

The diplomatic relations between New Zealand and the Soviet Union are established.

1945-04-02

Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Brazil are established.

1945-04-18

Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Bolivia are established.

1945-04-19

The diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Guatemala are established.

1945-06-15

Dutch political party ANJV established in Concert building, Amsterdam

1945-06-27

Foundation 1940-45 established

1945-12-22

Utrecht: Catholic People's party (KVP) established

1945-12-27

International Monetary Fund formally established by 29 member countries

1946-06-10

Italian Republic established

1946-06-14

Canadian Library Association established

1946-12-11

UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) established (Nobel 1965)

1946-12-24

4th French republic established

1947-02-01

NV United Dutch Fokker's Aircraft established

1947-08-04

The Supreme Court of Japan is established.

1950-03-23

UN World Meteorological Org established

1951-07-31

Japan Airlines is established.

1953-03-31

US Department of Health, Education & Welfare established

1954-01-20

The National Negro Network is established with 40 charter member radio stations.

1954-02-18

The first Church of Scientology is established in Los Angeles, California.

1954-03-31

US Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs established

1955-05-07

West European Union established

1958-06-23

Foundation Praemium Erasmianum (Erasmus Prize) established

1958-10-04

Fifth Republic of France is established.

1959-06-16

In South Africa, Apartheid government efforts to remove Black people from Cato Manor close to the Durban city center to Kwa Mashu, a newly established black township on the outskirts, is met with violent resistance.

1959-09-08

The Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) is established.

1959-12-12

UN Committee on Peaceful Use of Outer Space is established

1960-03-15

Key Largo Coral Reef Preserve established (1st underwater park)

1962-01-01

United States Navy SEALs established.

1962-06-14

The European Space Research Organisation is established in Paris - later becoming the European Space Agency.

1963-06-06

Gasunie established

1963-06-29

SVB, Students Unions, established under Barrel Regtien

1964-03-20

ESRO established, European Space Research Organization

1965-05-13

Several Arab nations break ties with West Germany after it established diplomatic relations with Israel

1967-09-02

The Principality of Sealand is established, ruled by Prince Paddy Roy Bates.

1967-12-11

People's front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) established

1968-03-01

Political Party Radikalen (PPR) established in Netherlands

1968-07-01

The CIA's Phoenix Program is officially established.

1970-01-01

Afro-American Historical Calendar Series Established

1970-05-14

The Red Army Faction is established in Germany.

1970-08-21

The Social and Democratic Labour Party (SDLP) is established with Gerry Fitt as the first leader of the party

1971-01-08

Voyageurs National Park, Minn established

1973-04-18

US Government ends Mandatory Oil Import Program, established in 1959 by President Eisenhower

1975-02-10

The Provisional Irish Republican Army agrees to a truce and ceasefire with the British government and the Northern Ireland Office; Seven "incident centres" are established in nationalist areas to monitor the ceasefire and the response of the security forces

1975-06-06

Provisional Revolutionary Government of South Vietnam established

1976-04-27

Arabic Monetary Fund established in Abu Dhabi

1977-01-07

Human Rights Charter 77 established in Prague

1977-10-01

US Department of Energy established

1978-01-09

Commonwealth of Northern Marianas established

1979-01-01

Jura, 26th canton of Switzerland, established

1979-01-16

Shah leaves Iran on vacation, never to return; Bakhtiar government established by the Shah to preside until unrest subsides

1979-03-13

European Monetary System is established, ECU created

1980-03-01

CTUC, Commonwealth Trade Union Council, established

1982-04-23

Conch Republic is established - secession of the Florida Keys from the United States of America

1983-12-05

ICIMOD established and inaugurated with its headquarters in Kathmandu, Nepal, and legitimised through an Act of Parliament in Nepal in the same year.

1985-12-20

Position of American Poet Laureate established (Robert Warren is 1st)

1989-03-15

Dept of Veterans Affairs officially established as a Cabinet position

1992-03-03

The nation of Bosnia was established.

1992-08-24

Diplomatic relations are established between the People's Republic of China and South Korea.

1998-01-01

The European Central Bank is established.

1999-04-01

Nunavut is established as a Canadian territory carved out of the eastern part of the Northwest Territories.

2000-02-07

Bahria University is established through Presidential Ordinance No. V of 2000 by the Government of Pakistan.

2002-07-01

The International Criminal Court is established to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the crime of aggression.

2002-07-09

The African Union is established in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The first chairman is Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa.

2003-07-15

AOL Time Warner disbands Netscape Communications Corporation. The Mozilla Foundation is established on the same day.

2004-02-21

The first European political party organization, the European Greens, is established in Rome.

2004-06-06

Tamil is established as a Classical language by the President of India, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam in a joint sitting of the two houses of the Indian Parliament.

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Established - Birthdays
Date Event
1852-09-23

William Stewart Halsted, established 1st US surgical school

1855-05-08

John Gates ("Bet-a-million" Gates), West Chicago, Illinois, USA, American inventor and industrialist who established the market for barbed wire fencing

1860-09-03

Edward Albert Filene, merchant, established US credit union movement

1868-05-19

John Fillmore Hayford, Rouses Point New York, American Geodesist who established the theory of isostasy and founded the modern science of geodesy (precise measurements of the shape of the earth)

1868-06-20

Helen Miller Shepard, philanthropist/established Hall of Fame

1877-09-11

Felix Dzerzhinsky [Iron Felix, Bloody Felix], Ivyanets, Lithuania, Soviet statesman, established and developed Soviet secret police (Cheka, forerunner to the KGB)

1918-06-29

Iris Ballard, Contact Has Been Established

Established - Deaths
Date Event
1911-08-09

John Gates ("Bet-a-million" Gates), American inventor and industrialist who established the market for barbed wire fencing, dies following an unsuccessful operation to remove a throat tumor at 56

1926-07-20

Felix Dzerzhinsky [Iron Felix, Bloody Felix], Soviet statesman, established and developed Soviet secret police (Cheka, forerunner to the KGB), dies at 48


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