History Hop Tags - Elections

Elections - Notable Historical Events

William McKinleyNov 6, 1900

Konrad AdenauerSep 6, 1953

Fidel CastroMay 1, 1961

Robert MugabeFeb 27, 1980

Benazir BhuttoNov 16, 1988

Boris YeltsinMar 26, 1989

Nelson MandelaJul 27, 1992

Yasser ArafatJan 9, 2005

Hosni MubarakFeb 26, 2005

ObamaNov 6, 2014

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Elections - Historical Events
Date Event
1689-12-16

English Parliament passes Bill of Rights establishing limits on crown powers and requirement for regular elections

1856-02-07

The colonial Tasmanian Parliament passes the first piece of legislation (the Electoral Act of 1856) anywhere in the world providing for elections by way of a secret ballot.

1871-02-28

2nd Enforcement Act gives federal control of congressional elections

1872-07-18

The Ballot Act introduces the secret ballot in elections in Britain; previously votes were made openly.

1887-02-03

To avoid disputed natl elections, Congress creates Electoral Count Act

1890-11-23

General elections in Italy.

1900-11-06

Republican President William McKinley and his Vice President, Theodore Roosevelt, defeat Democrats' William Jennings Bryan in the US elections

1901-01-31

Austro-Hungarian Empire: The Reichsrath, disolved on 7 September 1900 by Employer Franz Joseph, reopens after the recent elections have defeated extremists

1907-05-14

Sweden adopts universal suffrage for elections to its lower house and proportional representation for both houses

1907-06-14

Norway adopts female suffrage for middle class women only in parliamentary elections

1908-11-14

Liberal candidate Jose Miguel Gomez wins national elections for president in Cuba

1909-06-23

Confessional parties win Dutch parliamentary elections

1910-09-15

Boers & Afrikaners win 1st general elections in Union of South-Africa

1911-04-13

The US House of Representatives votes to institute direct elections of senators to Congress, a step towards direct democracy

1912-03-11

Eleftherios Venizelos, leader of the Liberal Party, wins the Greek elections again.

1921-04-24

1st municipal elections for men & women in Belgium

1922-07-05

Women 1st vote in Dutch elections, Christian parties win

1924-01-13

Nationalist Wafd-party wins Egyptian parliament elections

1924-04-11

Socialists win Danish parliamentary elections

1935-04-17

Provincial-National elections (Musserts NSB achieves 7.9%/44 chairs)

1936-02-16

Spanish Frente Popular (People's Front) wins elections

1936-05-03

French People's Front wins elections

1937-07-22

Irish premier Eamon de Valera wins elections

1946-05-17

KVP Labor/Communists win 1st post-WW2 Dutch parliamentary elections

1946-10-27

Georgi Domitrovs National Front wins Bulgaria elections (78%)

1947-10-19

De Gaulles RPF wins French municipal elections

1952-06-26

Dutch social democratic party wins elections (29%)

1952-10-01

Liberal Party wins Japanese elections

1952-11-14

Greek general Alexander Papagos wins elections

1953-04-15

Malans National Party wins South African elections

1953-04-27

1st general elections in British Guyana, won by Jagans PPP

1953-05-27

Dutch social democratic/Dutch Liberal Party win municipal elections

1953-09-06

Konrad Adenauer's CDU wins elections in German Federal Republic

1954-05-13

Labour Party wins British municipal elections

1955-04-24

Gaullists lose elections in France

1955-09-29

Ali Sastroamidjojo's PNI wins elections in Indonesia

1956-01-02

Poujadists/communists win French parliamentary elections

1956-04-05

In Sri Lanka, the Mahajana Eksath Peramuna win the general elections in a landslide and S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike is sworn in as the Prime Minister.

1958-10-12

CVP wins municipal elections in Belgium

1959-03-12

Dutch Liberal Party wins 2nd parliamentary elections

1959-07-29

First United States Congress elections in Hawaii as a state of the Union.

1961-03-29

23rd Amendment to the US Constitution ratified, allowing Washington DC residents to vote in presidential elections

1961-05-01

Fidel Castro announces there will be no more elections in Cuba

1962-02-25

India Congress Party wins elections

1962-09-20

Ben Bella wins 1st elections in independent Algeria

1964-01-23

24th Amendment to the United States Constitution ratified, barring poll tax in federal elections

1965-03-22

D Senanayake wins general elections in Ceylon (Sri Lanka)

1965-09-19

Erhards CDU wins West German parliament elections

1969-04-23

The Unionist Parliamentary Party votes by 28 to 22 to introduce universal adult suffrage in local government elections in Northern Ireland; the demand for 'one man, one vote' had been one of the most powerful slogans of the civil rights movement

1969-09-05

Frente Obrero wins Dutch Antilles national elections

1969-09-28

SPD wins West German Parliament elections

1970-10-08

The Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) propose that a system of Proportional Representation (PR) should be used in elections in Northern Ireland

1970-10-29

The Electoral Reform Society calls for the introduction of Proportional Representation (PR) in elections in Northern Ireland

1973-06-28

Northern Ireland Assembly elections take place

1973-08-03

National People's party wins Dutch Antilles National elections

1973-11-19

Elections in Suriname, premier Sedney's PNP doesn't win a chair

1976-04-04

Seni Pramoj's Democratic Party wins elections in Thailand

1976-04-25

Elections in Vietnam for a National Assembly to reunite the country

1976-11-16

René Levesque's Parti Québécois wins elections in Quebec

1976-12-15

Jamaica premier Manley wins elections

1977-03-07

Ali Bhutto's Pakistan People's Party wins elections

1977-03-20

Communists/socialists win French municipal elections

1977-06-15

Spain's 1st free elections since 1936 (41 years)

1977-06-16

Fianna Fail-party wins Irish elections

1977-08-09

The military-controlled Government of Uruguay announces that it will return the nation to civilian rule through general elections in 1981 for a President and Congress.

1978-05-14

First round of the presidential elections in Upper Volta.

1978-05-28

Second round of the presidential elections in Upper Volta. The election is won by incumbent Sangoulé Lamizana.

1978-06-04

Liberal Julio Turbay Ayola wins Colombia elections

1979-02-18

Pres Zia ur-Rahmans National Party wins elections in Bangladesh

1980-01-06

Indira Gandhi's Congress Party wins elections in India

1980-02-18

Pierre Elliott Trudeau's Liberal Party wins Canada's elections

1980-02-27

Robert Mugabe's ZANU-PF wins elections in Zimbabwe

1981-04-09

Irish hunger striker Bobby Sands wins a by-election to be elected as a Member of Parliament at Westminster; the law is later changed to prevent prisoners standing in elections

1981-07-05

Premier Begin's Likud party wins Israeli elections

1981-10-18

Andreas Papandreous' PASOK wins Greek elections

1982-03-28

JN Duartes' Christian Democrats win elections in El Salvador

1982-09-08

Dutch social democratic party wins elections, fascist enters Dutch parliament

1982-10-28

Spain's socialists win/communists lose elections

1983-03-06

Helmut Kohl's CDU/CSU wins West German parliament elections

1983-10-30

The first democratic elections are held in Argentina after seven years of military rule.

1983-11-06

Turkey Turgut Özals Moederland party wins elections

1984-03-09

Emile Gumbs' Anguilla National Alliance wins elections

1984-08-22

The United Democratic Front, an internal coalition of anti-apartheid groups in South Africa, organizes a highly successful boycotts of the Colored and Indian elections to parliament

1984-11-04

Nicaragua holds first free elections in 56 years; Sandinistas win 63%

1984-12-29

Indian PM Rajiv Gandhi claims victory in parlimetary elections

1985-04-14

Alan Garcia wins elections in Peru

1985-07-05

Premier Robert Mugabe wins Zimbabwe elections

1985-08-17

Rajiv Gandhi announces Punjab state elections in India

1985-11-03

Argentine presdent Alfonsíns Radical Burgerunie wins elections

1986-06-22

Spain's premier Gonzalez' Socialist Party wins elections

1987-10-27

Lucas Mangopes Democratic Party wins Bophuthatswana elections

1988-10-02

Pakistan's Supreme Court orders free elections

1988-11-16

Pakistan's Benazir Bhutto's PPP wins 1st free Pakistani elections in 11 years

1989-03-26

1st free elections in USSR; 190 M votes cast; Boris Yeltsin wins

1989-05-10

Gen Manuel Noriega's government nullifies country's elections, which the opposition had won by a 3-1 margin

1989-06-04

Eastern Europe's 1st partial free elections in 40 years held in Poland, Solidarity Party comes to power

1989-08-05

General elections are held in Nicaragua with the Sandinista Front winning a majority.

1990-02-26

The Sandinistas are defeated in Nicaraguan elections.

1990-03-18

1st free elections in East Germany, Conservatives beat Communists

1990-10-04

Regional elections held, in what is East Germany

1991-04-12

Nepalese Congress party wins general elections

1992-01-12

Algeria's general elections canceled after strong gains by Islamic Salvation Front in the 1st round

1992-07-27

Nelson Mandela says that a general strike will go ahead; the aim of the mass protest was the peaceful removal of President De Klerk from power, the immediate transfer of political power to the people and free and fair elections to a constituent assembly

1993-05-07

South Africa agrees to multi-racial elections

1993-05-09

Paraguay holds its 1st pres & parliamentary elections in 50 years

1993-06-23

Nigeria's military dictator, General Ibrahim Babangida, annuls results of presidential elections and halts a return to democracy

1993-11-21

Neo-fascists MSI win 36% of municipal elections in Rome

1994-05-05

Labour beats Conservatives in British local elections

1994-08-16

Chandrika Kumaratungo's party wins Sri Lanka elections

1995-02-05

Japan's Shinshinto Party wins local elections

1995-02-12

PRI loses/PAN wins Mexican regional elections

1995-03-08

Dutch Liberal Party wins Provincial-National elections

1996-03-23

Taiwan holds its first direct elections and chooses Lee Teng-hui as President.

1997-02-04

After at first contesting the results, Serbian President Slobodan Milošević recognizes opposition victories in the November 1996 elections.

1997-06-01

Hugo Banzer wins the Presidential elections in Bolivia.

2002-12-17

Second Congo War: The Congolese parties of the Inter Congolese Dialogue sign a peace accord which makes provision for transitional governance and legislative and presidential elections within two years.

2003-11-23

Georgian president Eduard Shevardnadze resigns following weeks of mass protests over flawed elections.

2004-03-07

New Democracy wins the national elections in Greece.

2004-03-21

In Malaysia, the 11th Federal and State elections are held, returning the ruling coalition Barisan Nasional to power with an increased majority.

2004-11-22

The Orange Revolution begins in Ukraine, resulting from the presidential elections.

2005-01-09

Elections are held to replace Yasser Arafat as head of the Palestine Liberation Organization. He is succeeded by Rawhi Fattouh.

2005-02-26

Hosni Mubarak the president of Egypt orders the constitution changed to allow multi-candidate presidential elections before September 2005 by asking Egyptian parliament to amend Article 76 of the constitution.

2006-09-18

Right wing protesters riot the building of the Hungarian Television in Budapest, Hungary, one day after an audio tape was made public, in which Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsány admitted he and his party lied during the 2006 general elections.

2007-03-24

The Australian Labor Party is reinstated after the New South Wales state elections.

2012-04-11

South Korean legislative elections result in the governing Saenuri Party retaining governance

2012-04-23

Netherlands Prime Minister, Mark Rutte, tenders resignation, paving the way for early elections

2012-05-15

Greece's fifth attempt to a form a coalition government fails and new June elections are scheduled

2012-10-04

Jordan's King Abdullah dissolves parliament in preparation for new elections

2012-12-09

The Social Liberal Union Party and Romanian Prime Minister Victor Ponta win by a landslide in the parliamentary elections

2013-03-13

Aleqa Hammond's Siumut party wins the Greenland parliamentary elections

2013-09-09

Erna Solberg is elected Prime Minister of Norway after a centre-right coalition wins a majority in their elections

2013-09-22

Angela Merkel and the Christian Democrats win a third term with their best result since 1990 in German Federal elections

2014-09-17

Voreqe Bainimarama's Fiji First Party wins the first Fijian elections since his coup in 2006

2014-09-20

New Zealand's National Government wins a 3rd term in the elections despite allegations of corruption and revelations about state surveillance

2014-11-04

Americans vote in mid-term elections which decide whether Democrats or Republicans control the Senate and pave the way for the 2016 White House race

2014-11-06

The Republicans win control of the US Senate in mid-term elections, increasing its power in the final two years of Obama's presidency

2015-11-08

Polls open in Myanmar's freest elections in decades

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Elections - Birthdays
Date Event
1910-08-10

Angus Campbell, US, psychologist (Elections & Political Order)


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