Marx & Engels publish "Communist Manifesto"
Soviet Communist Party newspaper Pravda begins publishing (4/22 OS)
Communist party "Spartacus Letters" 1st published in Berlin
Russian Bolshevik Party becomes the Communist Party
Baku-Turkish communist party forms
Stahlhelm forms (anti communist/Polish/French) in Magdenburg
Béla Can forms Hungarian Communist Party
3 year old German communist party (Spartacus) crushed
1st congress of Communist International opens at the Kremlin
Communist Party in Germany announces a general strike
John Reed forms American Communist Labor Party in Chicago
Communist Party of America organizes in Chicago
The Belorussian Communist Organisation is founded as a separate party.
Perserikatan Communist of India (PKI) political party forms
US Pres Wilson makes Communist Labor Party illegal
The Communist Party of Australia is founded in Sydney.
USPD-KPD parties merge into Vereinigte Communist Party of Germany
Yugoslav government bans communist party
The Italian Communist Party was founded at Livorno.
Foundation of the Spanish Communist Workers' Party.
The Communist Party of China is founded.
Chinese communist party forms under guidance of Henk Sneevliet
The Communist Party of South Africa (CPSA) forms; the party changed its name to the South African Communist Party (SACP) in 1953, after it had been forced underground
KPB, Communist Party of Belgium forms
The Communist Party of Spain is founded.
The Communist Party of South Africa (CPSA) calls for a united front in a pass burning campaign on Dingaan's Day
Stalin appointed General Secretary of Communist Party
Workers Party of America (NYC) becomes official communist party
KPD (communist revolts) in German Ruhr cities occupied by Allies
Saxony gets Social Democratic & Communist coalition government
Germany's prohibition of Communist Party KPD lifted
Estonia bans communist Party
During the Communist St Nedelya Church assault in Sofia, 150 are killed and 500 are wounded.
Communist Party of Holland splits
The Communist Party of India is founded.
Dutch Communist Party expels David Wijnkoop
Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) uprising in Bantam West Java
Communist uprising in West Java
The Communist Party of Vietnam is established.
The Communist Party of Panama is founded.
Communist Party of Holland forms Unemployed Combat Committees
Stalin forces Zinoviev & Kamenev out of Communist Party
Hermann Goering bans communist meetings/demonstrations in Germany
Karl Radek praises invincible force of German communist party
Final demonstration of German communist party in Berlin
Hitler disallows German communist party (KPD)
Austrian communist party banned
French socialist/communist party of People's Front forms
Communist forces end their "Long March" at Yan'an, in Shaanxi China bringing Mao Zedong to prominence
CPH becomes Dutch Communist Party
Communist government installed in Lithuania
Germany occupiers forbid Dutch Communist Party (CPN) in Netherlands
Kuomintang forces under orders from Chiang Kai-Shek open fire at communist forces, resuming the Chinese Civil War after World War II.
British communist newspaper "Daily Worker" banned
Various Communist and Socialist French Resistance movements merge to one group.
Politburo of Yugoslav communist party reorganizes
The Albanian Communist Party is founded.
5 leaders of Indonesia Communist Party sentenced to death
Dutch Communist Party resistance fighter John Postma sentence to death
33 communist resistance fighter sentenced to death
US Communist Party dissolves
King Michael of Romania gives in to Communist government
Italy's Communist Party (CPI) calls for armed uprising in Italy
US Communist Party forms
USSR establishes a communist government in North Korea
Republic of Hungary proclaimed, Zolt n Tildy as communist president
The Kuomintang and Communist Party of China resume full-fledged Civil War.
Hungarian communist party wins election
HUAC opens hearings into alleged Communist influence in Hollywood
The U.S. Screen Actors Guild implements an anti-Communist loyalty oath.
Trial of 11 US Communist party members begins in NYC
Czechoslovakia's non-communist minister resigns
Communist Party seizes complete control of Czechoslovakia
Communist complete takeover of Czechoslovakia; Pres Bernes resigns
Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party, is shot near to the Italian Parliament.
US Communist Party chairman William Forster arrested
FDR advisor Alger Hiss accused of being a "communist"
Alger Hiss denies ever being a Communist agent
Communist form North China People's Republic
Communist Madiun-uprising in Dutch Indies (Muso/Sjarifudin)
Pope Pius XII excommunicates communist catholics
Chinese Communist leaders proclaim People's Republic of China
14 US Communist Party leaders convicted of sedition
Britain recognizes Communist government of China
Sen Joe McCarthy claims to have list of 205 communist government employees
Julien Lahaut, the chairman of the Communist Party of Belgium is assassinated by far-right elements.
General Foods blacklists Jean Muir of Aldrich Family as a communist
Belgian government dismisses all communist civil servants
US president Harry Truman proclaims emergency crisis caused by communist threat
Harry Truman proclaims state of emergency against "Communist imperialism"
Communist troops driven out of Seoul
Dutch Communist Party members forbidden to be civil servants
Communist offensive in Korea
Poland adopts Communist-imposed Constitution
19th congress of Communist Party meets in Moscow
Communist offensive in Korea
Nikita Khrushchev appointed First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, succeeding Malenkov
General Electric announces all Communist employees will be fired
Robert Oppenheimer accused of being a communist
Formal peace takes place, ending 7+ yrs of fighting in Indochina between French & Communist Vietminh
US President Eisenhower signs Communist Control Act, outlawing the Communist Party, at height of McCarthyism
SE Asia Treaty Org (SEATO) forms to stop communist spread in SE Asia
US seizes US communist newspaper "Daily Worker"
Polish communist Gomulka freed from prison
Federal Constitutional Court bans the Communist Party of Germany (KPD) in West Germany
Dutch Communist Party office of Felix Meritis seized
Dutch Newspaper Society expels communist daily paper "Truth"
Malenkov, Molotov, Kaganowitsj & Sjepilov leave USSR communist party
Clandestine Burasi Bizim Radio (communist) begins transmitting
Greek Clandestine Radio (communist), Voice of Truth 1st transmission
Nikita Khrushchev becomes Soviet Premier as well as First Secretary of the Communist Party
Robert H W Welch Jr & 11 other men meet in Indianapolis to form anti-Communist John Birch Society
Dutch communist trade union EVC'58 disbands
Elizabeth Gurley Finn (70) becomes pres of US Communist Party
US members of communist party obliged to report themselves to police
Emergency crisis proclaimed in South Vietnam due to communist attack
Molotov, Malenkov & Kaganovitsj expelled from USSR's communist party
US promise Thailand assistance against communist aggression
Hungarian communist party expels Rákosi & Gero
Spiegel scandal: Der Spiegel publishes the article "Bedingt abwehrbereit" ("Conditionally prepared for defense") about a NATO manoeuver called "Fallex 62", which uncovered the sorry state of the Bundeswehr (Germany's army) facing the communist threat from the east at the time. The magazine was soon accused of treason.
1st transmission of Clandestine Voice of Iraqi People (Communist)
Italian Communist Party selects Luigi Longo as chairman
Supreme Court declares federal law allowing post office to intercept communist propaganda is unconstitutional
Harold Strachan, member of the Communist Party of South Africa and Umkhonto we Sizwe, the armed wing of the African National Congress, is served with a restriction order in terms of the Suppression of Communism Act
LBJ says US should stay in S Vietnam until communist aggression ends
Leonid Brezhnev elected secretary-general of communist party
Alexander Dubček succeeds Antonín Novotný as communist party leader of Czechoslovakia
Clandestine Radio Voice of Iraqi People (Communist) final transmission
East German Communist Party leader Walter Ulbricht receives "Order of October Revolution"
Communist New People's Army found in Philippines
Alexander Dubček forced to resign as first secretary of Czechoslovakia's Communist Party
The International communist conference begins in Moscow.
UCLA fires Angela Davis for being a communist
South Vietnamese Vice President Nguyen Cao Ky defends operations in Cambodia because communist forces could overrun South Vietnam "within 24 hours" if troops operating there were withdrawn
Edward Gierek succeeds Wladyslaw Gomulka as Poland's communist party leader
Greek composer Mikis Theodorakis leaves communist party
20 days after he was kidnapped in Buenos Aires, Oberdan Sallustro is executed by communist guerrillas.
Japan & Communist China agree to re-establish diplomatic relations
Russian communist party leader Brezhnev visits France
Romanian communist party names party leader Ceausescu president
Italy's Communist party PCI, wins
Laos falls to communist forces; Lao People's Democratic Rep proclaimed
Hua Guo-feng succeeds Mao Zedong as chairman of Communist Party
The Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist) is founded.
Communist party in Spain allowed legally after 40 years
The Voltaic Revolutionary Communist Party is founded.
John Paul II becomes 1st pope to visit a communist country (Poland)
The Punjab wing of the Unity Centre of Communist Revolutionaries of India (Marxist-Leninist) formally splits and constitutes a parallel UCCRI(ML).
The Chilean Communist Party (Proletarian Action) is formed.
China's Communist Party condemns late Mao Zedong's policy
Poland communist party selects ex-party leader Edward Gierek
Hanneke Jagersma installed as Neth's 1st Communist mayor
"Communist" bomb attack kills 2 firemen in Brussels
Moses Mayekiso, who was the General Secretary of the Metal and Allied Workers Union (MAWU) and became a member of the South African Communist Party (SACP), is detained for a second time and spends several months in solitary cofinement
Revolt in Kazakhstan against Communist party, known as Zheltoksan, which becomes the first sign of ethnic strife during Gorbachev's tenure
Polish communist party picks propaganda chief Rakowski as new PM
1st independent blue-collar labor union in Communist Hungary forms
Tadeusz Mazowiecki, elected 1st non-communist president of Poland
Hungary proclaims itself a republic & declares communist rule ended
Communist Party resigns in Czechoslovakia
East Germany drops communist monopoly from its constitution
Romania bans Communist party (1st Warsaw Pact member to do so)
USSR Communist party agrees to allow opposition political parties
Last issue of Dutch communist daily De Waarheid (The Truth)
Boris Yeltsin quits Soviet Communist Party
South Africa Communist Party begins 1st legal conference
1st post WW II non-communist government in Albania
Communist coup is crushed in USSR in 2 days
Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as head of USSR Communist Party
USSR suspends Communist Party activities
Russian president Boris Yeltsin outlaws Communist Party
CPN, Communist Party of Netherland, last day of existance
A general strike is declared by communist groups in Nepal.
The Tripartite Alliance, consisting of the African National Congress, South African Communist Party and Congress of South African Trade Union, outlines a mass action plan for August
Nepal Communist party Dutch Communist Party-UML wins election
Man Mohan Adhikary sworn in as 1st communist premier of Nepal
Socialist Party (ex-communist) wins Bulgaria parliamentary election
The Leninist Guerrilla Units wing of the Communist Labour Party of Turkey/Leninist attack a Nationalist Movement Party office in Istanbul, killing one person and injuring three.
The Chinese Communist Party stages a self-immolation in Tiananmen Square to frame Falun Gong and escalate the persecution.
Chinese authorities arrest cyber-dissident He Depu for signing pro-democracy letter to the 16th Communist Party Congress
Hu Jintao becomes general secretary of the Communist Party of China.
The United Communist Party of Armenia is formed.
The congress of the Communist Party of Indian Union (Marxist-Leninist) decides to merge the party into Kanu Sanyal's CPI(ML).
The Day of Mourning at Bykivnia forest, just outside of Kiev, Ukraine. Here during 1930s and early 1940s communist bolsheviks executed over 100,000 Ukrainian civilians.
The Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) People's War and the Maoist Communist Centre of India merge to form the Communist Party of India (Maoist).
The new Croatian Communist Party (KPH) is founded in Vukovar.
Fidel Castro resigns from the Communist Party of Cuba's central committee after 45 years of holding the title.
nothing here now
Karl Marx, Trier, Prussia, philosopher (Communist Manifesto, Das Kapital), (d. 1883)
Clara Zetkin, German women's rights advocate/communist
Anton Pannekoek, Dutch astronomer/marxist theorist (Communist Tactics)
Wilhelm Pieck, co-founder German Communist Party/pres (1949-60)
William Foster, Mass, Communist Pres candidate (1924,28,32)
Otto V Kuusinen, Fin/Rus communist pres of Karelo-Finnish SR (1940-56)
Sam Wood, US, communist fighter/director (For Whom the Bell Tolls)
Joseph Pholien, Belgian premier (1950-52)/communist hunter
Dong Biwu, High-ranking member of the Communist Party of China (d. 1975)
Ernst Thalmann, German communist presidential candidate
Li Ta-chao, co-founder with Mao Zedong (Chinese Communist Party)
Mosa Pijade, Yugoslavia, MP (communist)
Ho Chi Minh [Nguyễn Sinh Cung], Nghệ An Province, French Indochina, Vetnamese communist revolutionary and President of North Vietnam (1946-69)
Harry Pollitt, Droylsden United Kingdom, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Great Britain
Ana Pauker-Rabensohn, Romania, communist/foreign minister (1945-52)
Palmiro Togliatti, founder (Communist Party of Italy)
Mao Zedong, Shaoshan, Hunan, Chinese revolutionary & Chairman of the Communist Party of China (1949-76), (d. 1976)
Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev, Kalinovka, Dmitriyevsky Uyezd, Kursk Governorate, First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1953-64)
Sutan Ibrahim gelor Datuk Tan Malaka, founder (Indonesian Communist)
Set Persson, Swedish communist politician (d. 1960)
Herbert Marcuse, Berlin, communist philosopher (Eros & Civilization)
Arvid Pelshe, Latvian Communist leader, CPSU Politburo member
Paul de Groot, Dutch communist politician (CPN)/Editor (The Truth)
Maurice Thorez, secretary-general (French Communist Party)
Lucreţiu Pătrăşcanu, Romanian communist activist and sociologist (d. 1954)
Chen Yi, Chinese communist military commander and politician (d. 1972)
Hertha Kuusinen, Finnish communist
A.K. Gopalan, Indian communist leader (d. 1977)
Władysław Gomułka, Polish communist leader (d. 1982)
Herbert Wehner, German communist/anti-communist politician (SPD)
Phillip Piratin, communist
Jan Brasser, Dutch resistance fighter (Witte Ko)/communist
Matt Cvetic, I Was a Communist for the FBI
Marinus van der Lubbe, Dutch communist
Kwame Nkrumah, communist/premier Gold Coast/president Ghana (1960-66)
Gus Hall, American union organizer and head of the U.S. Communist Party (d. 2000)
J Borremans, Belgian politician (communist)/MP
Patience Edney, nurse/communist
Wilfred Burchett, Australia, communist/writer (Catapult to Freedom)
Gerben Wagenaar, resistance fighter/Dutch Communist MP
Ben[jamin S] Polak, Neth, physician/communist/resistance fighter
Alvaro Cunhal, Portuguese communist
Jiang Qing [Madame Mao], Zhucheng, Chinese communist and wife of Mao Zedong (d. 1991)
Alexandru Nicolschi, Russian communist (d. 1992)
Ethel Rosenberg, American Communist (d. 1953)
Nikola Ljubicic, Yugoslav general, Serbian communist politician (d. 2005)
Alessadro Natta, Italian political leader (Communist Party)
Rowley I Arenstein, South African attorney/communist/ANC'er
José Aboulker, Jewish Communist
Georges Marchais, political leader (French Communist Party)
Alexander Dubček, Uhrovec, headed Czech Communist Party (1968-69)
Enrico Berlinguer, Italian communist/sec-gen (CPI) [or May 25]
Dipa Nusantara Aidit, Indonesian communist/leader of PKI (1951-65)
Paolo Volponi, Italian communist/author (Road to Rome)
Henk J Hoekstra, president (Dutch Communist Party)
Somnath Chatterjee, Indian communist leader
Ahmed "Kathy" Kathrada, leader of S Afr Communist Party
Mikhail Gorbachev, Privolnoye USSR, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1985-91)
Lars Werner, Swedish communist leader
S. Ramachandran Pillai, Indian communist leader
José Maria Sison, Filipino communist
"Chris" Martin Thembisile Hani, sec-gen (South African Communist Party)
Filemon Lagman, Filipino communist revolutionary (d. 2001)
Karl Marx, German philosopher (Communist Manifesto), dies at 64
Clara Zetkin, German feminist/communist, dies
Marinus van der Lubbe, Dutch communist, beheaded in Berlin at 24
Tina Modotti, [Maria del Carmen], Ital/Mexican communist, dies at 46
Nikola J Vaptsarov, Bulgaria poet/communist, executed at 32
12, Dutch Communist Party-resistance fighter/3 NVV-hostages, executed
Ivo Lola Ribar, Croatian communist and partisan (b. 1916)
Ernst Thalmann, German communist, dies in Buchenwald
Benito Mussolini, Fascist dictator of Italy, shot by communist partisans at 61
43 communist rebels, executed in Athens
Yusuf Salman Yusuf, Iraqi-Assyrian communist leader (b. 1901)
Sutan Ibrahim gelor Datuk Tan Malaka, Indon communist, executed at 54
Sam Wood, US communist fighter/director (Night at Opera), dies at 66
Traitsjo Kostov, Bulgarian communist vice-premier, executed
Julien Lahaut, chairman Belgian Communist Party, murdered
Paul Eluard, French communist/poet, dies at 56
Lucreţiu Pătrăşcanu, Romanian communist activist (b. 1900)
Mosa Pijade, Yugoslavian MP (communist), dies at 67
Joseph McCarthy, anti-communist US senator (R-Wisc), dies at 48
Marcel Cachin, 1st communist French senator, dies at 88
Harry Pollitt, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Great Britain dies at 69
Set Persson, Swedish communist politician (b. 1897)
William S Foster, chairman (US Communist Party, 1945-57), dies at 80
Maurice Thorez, sec-general French communist party, dies at 64
Palmiro Togliatti, founder (Communist Italian Party)/min of Just, dies
Ernst Kirchweger, Austrian communist and resistance fighter (born 1897 or 1898)
Joseph Pholien, Belgian PM (1950-52) communist fighter, dies at 83
J Borremans, Belgian politician (Communist), dies at 56
Ho Chi Minh [Nguyễn Sinh Cung], Vietnamese communist revolutionary and President of North Vietnam (1946-69), dies at 79 of heart failure
Anna Louise Strong, American communist journalist (b. 1885)
Earl Browder, leader US Communist Party (1930-45), dies at 82
Hertha Kuusinen, Finnish communist/daughter of Otto K, dies at 70
Mao Zedong, Chinese revolutionary & Chairman of the Communist Party of China (1949-76), dies of a heart attack at 82
A.K. Gopalan, Indian communist leader (b. 1904)
Yuri Andropov, Gen Sec of Soviet Communist Party (1982-84), dies at 69
Paul [Saul] de Groot, chairman Dutch Communist party, dies at 87
Rewi Alley, NZ author, pro Chinese communist, dies at 90 in Beijing
Edward Ochab, Polish Communist politician (b. 1906)
Herbert Wehner, German ex-communist/chairman (1958-73), dies at 83
Viktor Grishin, hardline soviet communist, dies at 78, dies
Alexander Dubček, headed Czech Communist Party (1968-69), dies at 70
N. Shanmugathasan, Sri Lankan communist leader
Chris Hani, sec-gen South Africian Communist Party, assassinated at 50
Deng Yingchao, high ranking communist China official, dies at 88
Gerben Wagenaar, Dutch resistance fighter (communist), dies at 80
Gerben Wagenaar, resistance fighter/communist, dies at 80
Sanzo Nosaka, co-founder of Japanese Communist Party (1922), dies
Tawfik Ziad, Palestinian communist/Israeli MP/mayor of Nazareth, dies
Paolo Volponi, Italian communist/author (Machina Mondiale), dies at 70
Fabio Grobart, founder (Cuban Communist Party), dies
Phillip Piratin, communist, dies at 88
Patience Edney, nurse/communist, dies at 85
Deng Xiaoping, head (Chinese Communist Party), dies at 92
Zdenek Mlynar, Sec of Czech Communist Central Committee (1968), dies
Georges Marchais, Sec Gen of French Communist Party (1972-94), dies
Filemon Lagman, Filipino Communist revolutionary (b. 1953)
Bill Andersen, New Zealand communist and trade union leader (b. 1924)
Charilaos Florakis, Greek politician, long-time General Secretary of the Communist Party of Greece (b. 1914)
Shamsher Singh Sheri, Indian communist leader (b. 1942)
Hua Guofeng, former Chairman of the Chinese Communist Party, succeeding Mao Zedong in 1976 and being replaced by Hu Yaobang in 1981 (b. 1921)
Luis Corvalán, Chilean communist leader (b. 1916)
Vang Pao, charismatic Laotian general who commanded a secret army of his mountain people in a long, losing campaign against Communist insurgents, dies at 81
Ramiz Alia, the former communist leader and first president of the Albanian pluralist (b. 1925)
Hardline Hungarian communist Bela Biszku dies aged 94
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