History Hop Tags - Colony

Colony - Notable Historical Events

John SmithSep 10, 1608

Myles StandishFeb 17, 1621

Charles IMar 4, 1628

John LockeJul 21, 1669

Charles IIJun 21, 1684

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Colony - Historical Events
Date Event
1583-08-05

Humphrey Gilbert claims Newfoundland for the British crown - first English colony in North America and the beginning of the British Empire

1587-07-22

2nd English colony forms on Roanoke Island off NC

1591-08-18

Governor of Roanoke Island colony returns from England to find everyone in the colony had disappeared [or Aug 17, 1590]

1607-04-26

1st British colony in American lands at Cape Henry, Virginia

1608-09-10

John Smith elected president of Jamestown colony council, Va

1609-03-12

Bermuda becomes an English colony

1614-10-11

Adriaen Block and 12 Amsterdam merchants petition the States General for exclusive trading rights in the New Netherland colony.

1620-11-03

Great Patent granted to Plymouth Colony

1621-02-17

Myles Standish is elected as the first commander of the Plymouth Colony

1621-03-16

Native American chief visits colony of Plymouth Mass

1621-10-25

Gov Bradford of colony of American Plymouth disallows sport on Christmas Day

1621-12-25

Gov William Bradford of Plymouth Colony (now in Massachusetts) forbids game playing on Christmas

1624-01-28

Sir Thomas Warner founds the first British colony in the Caribbean, on Saint Kitts.

1624-06-16

Judge directs US colony Virginia to English crown

1628-03-04

England's King Charles I grants a royal charter to Massachusetts Bay Colony

1628-03-19

Massachusetts Bay Colony granted land by England

1628-09-06

Puritans from Masschusetts Bay Colony land at Salem

1630-01-13

Letters Patent issued to Plymouth Colony

1631-05-18

English colony Massachusetts Bay grants puritarian voting right

1633-10-08

Massachusetts Bay Colony forms its first government

1634-03-25

Under charter granted to Lord Baltimore and led by his brother Leonard Calvert first settlers found Catholic colony of Maryland

1634-05-31

The colony of Massachusetts Bay annexes Maine colony

1635-06-28

French colony of Guadeloupe established in Caribbean

1635-08-15

1st recorded US hurricane hit the Plymouth Colony

1635-10-09

Religious dissident Roger Williams banished from Mass Bay Colony

1636-10-04

In Massachusetts the Plymouth Colony's 1st law drafted

1636-12-13

The Massachusetts Bay Colony organizes three militia regiments to defend the colony against the Pequot Indians. This organization is recognized today as the founding of the United States National Guard.

1637-11-07

Anne Hutchinson tried in Massachusetts Bay Colony as a heretic

1638-03-22

Religious dissident Anne Hutchinson expelled from Massachusetts Bay Colony

1639-01-06

Virginia is 1st colony to order surplus crops (tobacco) destroyed

1639-01-24

Connecticut colony organizes under Fundamental Orders

1640-12-09

Settler Hugh Bewitt banished from Mass colony when he declares himself to be free of original sin

1641-12-01

Mass becomes 1st colony to give statutory recognition to slavery

1647-05-26

Massachusetts disallows priest access to colony

1652-04-06

Cape Colony, the 1st European settlement in South Africa, established by Dutch East India Company under John of Riebeeck

1656-10-02

British north American colony of Connecticut passes law against Quakers

1657-12-27

Flushing Remonstrance petition is signed in the Dutch colony of New Netherland protesting ban on Quaker worship

1660-06-01

Mary Dyer is hanged for defying a law banning Quakers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

1662-04-23

Connecticut chartered as an English colony

1664-03-12

New Jersey becomes a British colony

1664-06-24

The colony of New Jersey is founded.

1667-02-28

English colony Suriname in Dutch hands

1669-07-21

John Locke's Constitution of English colony Carolina approved

1679-09-18

New Hampshire becomes a county in Massachusetts Bay Colony

1683-11-01

The British crown colony of New York is subdivided into 12 counties.

1684-06-21

King Charles II revokes Massachusetts Bay Colony charter

1684-10-23

Colony Massachusetts under authority of English crown mounted

1690-02-03

1st paper money in America issued (colony of Mass)

1691-09-17

Massachusetts Bay Colony granted new charter

1693-02-08

William & Mary college is chartered in the Dominion and Colony of Virginia (2nd in North America)

1700-06-17

Massachussetts orders priest to leave the colony

1721-05-29

South Carolina formally incorporated as a royal colony

1729-07-25

North Carolina becomes a royal colony

1737-09-20

Runner Edward Marshall completes his journey in the Walking Purchase forcing the cession of 1.2 million acres (4,860 km²) of Lenape-Delaware tribal land to the Pennsylvania Colony.

1749-10-26

Georgia Colony reverses itself & rules slavery is legal

1774-06-13

Rhode Island becomes first colony to prohibit importation of slaves

1775-02-09

English Parliament declares Mass colony is in rebellion

1784-09-22

Russian trappers established a colony on Kodiak Island, AK

1786-08-11

Captain Francis Light establishes the British colony of Penang in Malaysia

1788-01-18

The first elements of the First Fleet carrying 736 convicts from England to Australia arrives at Botany Bay to set up a penal colony

1793-08-29

Slaves in French colony of St Domingue (Haiti) freed

1795-09-15

Cape Colony surrenders to Britain

1800-10-17

Dutch colony Curacao transfered to England

1804-03-04

The Battle of Vinegar Hill, colony of New South Wales (Australia), when Irish convicts (some of whom had been involved in Ireland's Battle of Vinegar Hill in 1798) led the colony's only significant convict uprising.

1804-04-28

31 British ships sail up Suriname river demanding transition colony from the Dutch

1806-01-08

Cape colony becomes British colony

1808-01-01

Sierra Leone becomes a British colony

1826-07-30

Java prince Dipo Negoro surprise attacks Dutch colony, 82 killed

1829-04-25

Charles Fremantle arrives in the HMS Challenger off the coast of modern-day Western Australia prior to declaring the Swan River Colony for the United Kingdom.

1829-05-02

After anchoring nearby, Captain Charles Fremantle of the HMS Challenger, declares the Swan River Colony in Australia.

1834-10-28

The Battle of Pinjarra occurs in the Swan River Colony in present-day Pinjarra, Western Australia. Between 14 and 40 Aborigines are killed by British colonists.

1840-05-21

New Zealand became a British colony

1840-05-22

The transporting of British convicts to the New South Wales colony is abolished.

1840-08-18

French colony established in Akaroa, South Island of New Zealand

1840-11-16

New Zealand officially becomes British colony

1841-05-03

New Zealand proclaimed a colony independent of New South Wales

1843-06-26

Hong Kong proclaimed a British Crown Colony

1843-08-08

Natal (in South Africa) is made a British colony

1848-05-06

Otto Tank ends slavery in Suriname colony

1856-07-15

Natal forms as a British colony separate from Cape Colony

1859-06-06

Australia: Queensland is established as a separate colony from New South Wales (Queensland Day).

1859-12-31

Dutch colony in Dutch Indies counts 4,800 slaves

1863-06-30

Dutch colony Suriname counts population of 33,000 slaves

1877-03-12

Great Britain annexes Walvis Bay at Cape colony, Southern Africa.

1879-07-04

Africaner Union forms by Rev SJ du Toit at Cape colony

1890-01-01

Eritrea is consolidated into a colony by the Italian government.

1890-07-17

Cecil Rhodes becomes premier of Cape colony

1893-03-10

Ivory Coast becomes a French colony

1895-11-11

Bechuanaland becomes part of Cape Colony

1896-01-06

Cecil Rhodes resigns as premier of Cape colony

1897-12-30

Province of Zululand annexed to Natal colony

1899-11-23

Battle at Belmont, Cape colony: general Methuen beats Farmers

1899-11-25

Battle at Graspan, Cape colony: General Methuen beats Farmers

1900-01-12

Freeland Colony founded in US

1900-05-17

British troops relieve Mafeking (Cape Colony)

1900-10-06

Britain annexes Orange Free State (as Orange River Colony)

1900-10-25

Great Britain annexes the former Boer South African Republic, renaming it the Transvaal Colony

1900-12-16

Boer army under gen Kritzinger take Cape colony

1901-07-20

Morocco signs an agreement with France fixing Morocco's frontier with Algeria, a French colony

1901-08-12

Boer general Kritzinger driven out of Cape colony

1901-08-20

The Fawcett Commission visits Mafeking concentration camp in Cape Colony

1901-09-03

Boer General Smuts enters Kiba Drift in Cape Colony

1902-05-10

Portugal goes bankrupt, but its parliament passes a bill converting its external debt. Contributing to Portugal's troubles is a recent revolt in its colony of Angola, put down on 6 September

1903-05-20

Britain's House of Commons begins a debate on the charges of poor administration and ill treatment of natives in Belgium's colony in the Congo Free State

1904-01-01

Neth Indies colony begins opium production

1905-04-01

British East African Protectorate becomes colony of Kenya

1907-01-12

Britain grants responsible government to former colony of Transvaal

1907-07-01

The Orange River Colony, known as the Orange Free State, is granted self-government by the British

1907-10-25

Frederik of Oaths disbands mental home colony Walden

1909-09-20

The British Parliament passes the South Africa Act; it calls for union of Cape Colony, Natal, Orange River Colony, and Transvaal; and both English and Dutch as official languages

1910-08-29

Japan changes Korea's name to Chōsen and appoints a governor-general to rule its new colony.

1914-01-01

Northern & Southern Nigeria united in British colony of Nigeria

1914-11-07

The German colony of Kiaochow Bay and its centre at Tsingtao are captured by Japanese forces.

1915-06-10

British/French troops conquer German colony of Cameroon

1916-01-12

Britain proclaims Gilbert & Ellice Is colony in Pacific

1916-01-28

German colony of Cameroon surrenders to Britain & France

1916-02-18

The last German garrison in the German colony of Cameroons surrenders

1920-07-23

British East Africa renamed Kenya & becomes a British crown colony

1925-05-01

Cyprus becomes a British Crown Colony

1928-09-19

Mickey Mouse's screen debut (Steamboat Willie at Colony Theater NYC)

1930-06-13

1st Nudist Colony opens

1933-12-21

Newfoundland reverts to being a crown colony of Great Britain

1937-04-01

Aden becomes a British crown colony

1938-08-08

Great Trek Centenary Celebrations commence; the Great Trek was a migration involving Boers leaving the Cape Colony and settling in the interior of South Africa

1940-08-26

Chad is the first French colony to join the Allies under the administration of Félix Éboué, France's first black colonial governor.

1952-08-22

The penal colony on Devil's Island is permanently closed.

1954-10-01

British colony of Nigeria becomes a federation

1959-07-04

Cayman Islands separated from Jamaica, made a crown colony

1960-08-16

Britain grants independence to crown colony of Cyprus

1981-05-02

107th Kentucky Derby: Jorge Velasquez on Pleasant Colony wins in 2:02

1981-05-16

107th Preakness: Jorge Velasquez aboard Pleasant Colony wins in 1:54.6

1988-12-19

NASA unviels plans for lunar colony & manned missions to Mars

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Colony - Notable Birthdays

Jonathan EdwardsOct 5, 1703

J. B. M. HertzogApr 3, 1866

Colony - Birthdays
Date Event
1561-12-09

Edwin Sandys, a founder of Virginia colony

1584-12-04

John Cotton, Puritan clergyman in Mass Bay colony

1588-01-12

John Winthrop, 1st governor (Mass Bay Colony)

1589-03-19

William Bradford, gov of Plymouth colony for 30 years (baptized)

1595-10-18

Edward Winslow, Plymouth Colony founder (d. 1655)

1619-04-21

John A van Riebeeck, colonial director/founder (Cape Colony)

1639-10-14

Simon van der Stel, Dutch governor of Cape colony (1679-99)

1703-10-05

Jonathan Edwards, East Windsor, Connecticut Colony, Christian preacher, philosopher, and theologian (Original Sin)

1762-10-12

John W Janssens, gov-gen of Cape colony/Dutch-Indies 1811

1787-06-28

Sir Henry George Wakelyn (Harry) Smith, Wittlesea England, governor at the Cape Colony

1792-12-19

[Andries] Hendrik Potgieter, Cape Colony, settled Transvaal

1805-09-25

Henry P Scholte, Dutch/US vicar/founder (Pella colony in Iowa)

1853-02-09

Leander Starr Jameson, PM of South African Cape colony

1854-03-23

Alfred Milner, Giessen Germany, British governor (Cape colony)

1866-04-03

J. B. M. Hertzog [Barry Hertzog], Cape Colony, South African General/Premier (1914-39)

1870-06-24

Horatio Mbelle, Cape Colony, South African interpreter, community leader and politician

1918-03-01

Roger Delgado, Colony in Space: Episode Six

1953-03-28

Nydia Velazquez, The Last Colony

1973-11-06

Sibel Guvenc, In the Penal Colony

1976-12-16

Radek Tuma, The Laws of Life in a Colony of Bees

1977-03-02

Helen Coupe, Roanoke: The Lost Colony

1980-10-10

Stephen Jolliffe, Colony of the Devils

1981-02-11

Dru Viergever, The Colony

1981-07-13

Michael Mando, The Colony

1982-02-17

Lauren Grant, The Colony

1983-10-21

Charlotte Sullivan, The Colony

1986-04-22

Marshawn Lynch, Evangeline Lilly/Marshawn Lynch/Colony House

1989-12-18

Nicole Beattie, Colony 52

1991-04-02

Britney Young, Monster of the Nudist Colony

1993-05-16

Atticus Mitchell, The Colony

Colony - Notable Deaths

Myles StandishOct 3, 1656

Colony - Deaths
Date Event
1621-04-15

John Carver, first governor of Plymouth Colony

1632-04-15

George Calvert, Proprietor of the Avalon (Maryland) Colony (b. 1580)

1649-04-05

John Winthrop, 1st governor Mass Bay Colony, dies at 61

1653-07-31

Thomas Dudley, Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony (b. 1576)

1656-10-03

Myles Standish, Plymouth Colony leader, dies of strangury at 72

1657-05-09

William Bradford, Governor (Plymouth Colony, Mass), dies

1660-06-01

Mary Dyer, English Quaker (martyred) - hanged for defying a law banning Quakers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony

1677-01-18

John A van Riebeeck, Dutch founder Cape Colony, dies at 57

1679-03-16

John Leverett, Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (b. 1616)

1687-04-12

Ambrose Dixon, Virginia Colony pioneer

1704-07-20

Peregrine White, first English child born in the Massachusetts Bay Colony (b. 1620)

1712-06-24

Simon van der Stel, Dutch gov of Cape Colony (1679-99), dies at 72

1718-01-17

Captain Benjamin Church, Plymouth Colony settler and military leader

1723-07-01

Willem van de Pose, gov of Cape Colony (1699-1797), dies at about 59

1740-06-06

Alexander Spotswood, British governor of Virginia Colony

1838-04-23

John W Janssens, gov-gen of Cape Colony/Dutch-Indies, dies at 75

1838-05-23

John W Janssens, gov-gen (Cape Colony), dies at 75

1867-01-11

Sir Stuart Donaldson, first Premier of the Colony of New South Wales (b. 1812)

1884-12-01

William Swainson (lawyer), second, and last, Attorney-General (New Zealand) of the Crown Colony of New Zealand (b. 1809)

1902-03-26

Cecil Rhodes, Prime Minister of Cape Colony (1890-96) dies at 48

1925-05-12

Alfred Milner, British governor (Cape Colony)/minister, dies at 71


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