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On this day in 1997  |  Cubs beat NY Mets ending NL worst opening, lost 14 straight games

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1736French mathematician Pierre Louis Maupertuis begins his expedition to Lapland to measure a degree of latitude and prove the shape of the earth, he is joined by fellow scientists Anders Celsius, Charles Etienne Louis Camus, Alexis Claude Clairaut, and Pierre-Charles Le Monnier

1759George Frederic Handel is buried in Westminster Abbey, London

1809Napoleon I and French forces defeat Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria

1862The first pasteurization test completed by Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard.

18961st public film showing in US John Philip Sousa's "El Capitan" premieres in NYC

1904George Bernard Shaw's "Candida" premieres in London

1918Manfred von Richthofen, aka The Red Baron, shoots down his 79th and 80th victims marking his final victories before his death the following day.

1939Ted Williams' 1st hit (off of Yankee Red Ruffing) a double

1968Pierre Trudeau sworn in as Canada's 15th Prime Minister

1969Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Lady Carling Golf Open

1971Barbra Streisand records "We've Only Just Begun"

1976George Harrison sings lumberjack song with Monty Python

1977Woody Allen's film "Annie Hall" premieres

1977"Annie Hall", starring Woody Allen and Diane Keaton, is released

1983President Reagan signs a $165B bail out for Social Security

1986Michael Jordan sets NBA playoff record with 63 points in a game

1990Pete Rose pleads guilty to hiding $300,000 in income

1992Madonna signs $60-million deal with Time Warner

1997Nick Price wins golf MCI Classic

1997Mark McGwire is 4th to HR on Detroit Tiger left field roof (others are Frank Howard, Harmon Killibrew, & Cecil Fielder)

On This Day In History
Date Event
Apr 20, 295
8th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet 
Apr 20, 850
Guntherus becomes bishop of Cologne 
Apr 20, 1139
2nd Lateran Council (10th ecumenical council) opens in Rome 
Apr 20, 1505
Jews are expelled from Orange Burgandy by Philibert of Luxembourg 
Apr 20, 1551
John Dudley becomes Earl Marshal of England 
Apr 20, 1611
First known performance of Shakespeare's tragedy Macbeth at the Globe Theatre, London recorded by Simon Forman 
Apr 20, 1650
Dutch East India Company (VOC) management sets new guidelines 
Apr 20, 1653
Cromwell routes English parliament to house 
Apr 20, 1657
Battle in Santa Cruz Bay, Tenerife: English fleet under Robert Blake sinks Spanish silver fleet 
Apr 20, 1689
The former King James II of England, now deposed, lays siege to Derry. 
Apr 20, 1702
Comet C/1702 H1 approaches within 0.0437 AUs of Earth 
Apr 20, 1715
Nicholas Rowe's "Tragedy of Lady Jane Grey" premieres in London 
Apr 20, 1736
French mathematician Pierre Louis Maupertuis begins his expedition to Lapland to measure a degree of latitude and prove the shape of the earth, he is joined by fellow scientists Anders Celsius, Charles Etienne Louis Camus, Alexis Claude Clairaut, and Pierre-Charles Le Monnier 
Apr 20, 1759
George Frederic Handel is buried in Westminster Abbey, London 
Apr 20, 1770
Captain Cook arrives in New South Wales 
Apr 20, 1775
British begin siege of Boston 
Apr 20, 1777
New York adopts new constitution as an independent state 
Apr 20, 1792
France declares war on Austria, Prussia & Sardinia 
Apr 20, 1799
Friedrich von Schiller's "Wallensteins Tod" premieres in Weimar 
Apr 20, 1809
Napoleon I and French forces defeat Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria 
Apr 20, 1810
The Governors of Caracas declares the national sovereignty from Spain. 
Apr 20, 1828
René Caillié is first non-Muslim to enter Timbouctou. 
Apr 20, 1836
Territory of Wisconsin created 
Apr 20, 1841
1st detective story (Edgar Allen Poe's "Murders in Rue Morgue") published 
Apr 20, 1861
Battle of Norfolk, VA 
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