Today in History - Historical Events - 1902

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Notable Historical Events - 1902

1902American outlaw Tom Horn's murder trial begins, and he is eventually found guilty and sentenced to death

1902Aga Khan III is appointed Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire

1902J C Penney opens his 1st store in Kemmerer, Wyo

1902Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr became Associate Justice on Supreme Court

1902Beatrix Potter's "The Tale of Peter Rabbit" is published by Frederick Warne & Co. in London.

1902Gerhart Hauptmann's "Der arme Heinrich" premieres in Vienna

1902A United States court of appeals rules that Thomas Edison did not invent the movie camera.

1902james j jeffries KOs Bob Fitzsimmons in 8 for heavyweight boxing title

1902 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
1st Rose Bowl game (Pasadena, California) (U of Mich-49, Sanford-0) 
Jan 1
Nathan Stubblefield makes 1st public demonstration of radio, Penn 
Jan 3
Reg Duff 104 on Test debut, v England at MCG 
Jan 4
Hugh Trumble takes a hat-trick v England at the MCG 
Jan 4
The French Panama Canal Company offers to sell its right to build a canal to the US for 40 million; this will tip the balance away from those favoring a canal through Nicaraugua 
Jan 8
1st National Bowling Championship held (Chicago, Ill) 
Jan 8
The United Irish League, a leading force for unification in all Ireland and independence from Britain, holds its convention in Dublin 
Jan 10
Alphons Diepenbrock's "Te Deum" premieres (Amsterdam) 
Jan 10
Although it has professed neutrality in the Boer War, German Chancellor von Bulow joins others in attacking British actions in South Africa 
Jan 13
Textile workers strike in Enschede Neth till June 1 
Jan 18
Despite reports that favor the US building a route through Nicaragua for a canal, a 'supplementary report' recommends the route through Panama 
Jan 23
Winnipeg Victorias sweep Toronto Wellingtons in 2 for Stanley Cup 
Jan 25
Aleksandr Skriabin's 2nd Symphony in C premieres in St Petersburg 
Jan 27
5 workers killed on explosion during IRT subway construction (NYC) 
Jan 28
Carnegie Institute founded in Wash DC 
Jan 30
Britain and Japan sign a treaty after months of negotiating which commits each country to supporting an independent China and Korea, although it acknowledges Japan's 'special interest' in Korea 
Feb 1
China's empress Tzu-hsi forbids binding woman's feet 
Feb 1
Hermann Sudermanns "Es lebe das Leben," premieres in Berlin 
Feb 1
US Secretary of State Hay protests granting Russia exclusive privileges in China, on ground that it runs contrary to the 'open door' policy granting all nations equal rights there 
Feb 6
Young Women's Hebrew Association organizes in NYC 
Feb 11
Police beat up universal suffrage demonstrators in Brussels 
Feb 15
Underground railway (U-Bahn) 
Feb 17
A general strike in Barcelona and nearby towns leads to government-troop reprisals that leave 40 dead 
Feb 18
Opera "Hunchback of Notre Dame," premieres in Monte Carlo 
Feb 20
Heavy surf breaks over Seal Rocks & damages Sutro Baths, SF 
Feb 21
Dr Harvey Cushing, 1st US brain surgeon, does his 1st brain operation 
Feb 24
Battle at Yzer Spruit: Boer general De la Rey beats British 
Feb 28
Jules Massenets opera premieres in Monte Carlo 
Mar 2
Jimmy Collins, leaves Boston Beaneaters (NL) club to manage AL's new Boston Somersets 
Mar 4
American Automobile Association (AAA) founded in Chicago 
Mar 6
US Census Bureau forms 
Mar 7
Boers beat British troop in Tweebosch Transvaal 
Mar 8
1st performance of Jean Sibelius' 2nd Symphony 
Mar 10
Earthquake destroys Turkish city of Tochangri 
Mar 10
A United States court of appeals rules that Thomas Edison did not invent the movie camera. 
Mar 17
Stanley Cup: Montreal AAA beat Winnipeg Victorias, 2 games to 1 
Mar 18
Enrico Caruso becomes 1st well-known performer to make a record 
Mar 18
Schoenberg's "Verklärte Nacht" premieres in Vienna 
Mar 18
Turkey grants Germany syndicate the first concession to construct a railroad through Turkish territory to Baghdad, to be linked to Berlin 
Mar 20
France and Russia issue a joint declaration that approves the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, but stipulates that they have the right to protect interests in China and Korea 
Mar 25
Irving W Colburn patents sheet glass drawing machine 
Mar 25
In Russia, 567 students are tried for rioting and 'political disaffection' are found guilty; 95 are banished to Siberia 
Mar 28
27.9 cm precipitation at McMinnville, Tennessee (state record) 
Apr 2
1st motion picture theater opens (LA) 
Apr 2
Soccer team MVV '02 forms in Maastricht 
Apr 2
Dmitry Sipyagin, Minister of Interior of the Russian Empire, is assassinated by a terrorist in the Marie Palace, St Petersburg. 
Apr 2
"Electric Theatre", the first full-time movie theater in the United States, opens in Los Angeles, California. 
Apr 4
Cecil Rhodes scholarship fund forms with $10 million 
Apr 5
Maurice Ravel's "Pavane pour une infante defunte" premieres in Paris 
Apr 5
In Glasgow, Scotland the Ibrox disaster occurs after a section of a grandstand collapses killing 25 and injuring 517 
Apr 7
Texas Oil Company (Texaco) forms 
Apr 8
Russia and China sign the Convention of Evacuation under which Russia agrees to evacuate Manchuria within 18 months 
Apr 8
Growing unrest in Belgian society as people demand better education, better work and living conditions, the right to strike and universal male suffrage, culminate in a demonstration organised by Socialists. In the rioting that ensues, many Belgians are killed 
Apr 11
Battle at Rooiwal, South-Africa 
Apr 13
J C Penney opens his 1st store in Kemmerer, Wyo 
Apr 15
Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Church in US" 
Apr 15
Rioting and arson continue in Russia with peasants plundering estates to find food. 
Apr 15
Russian minister of interior and head of secret police, Sipyengin, is assassinated by the 'Terror Brigade' of the Socialist Revolutionaries 
Apr 18
Denmark is 1st country to adopt fingerprinting to identify criminals 
Apr 19
6th Boston Marathon won by Sam Mellor of NY in 2:43:12 
Apr 20
Marie & Pierre Curie isolate the radioactive element radium chloride 
Apr 25
Erwin Harvey becomes 1st Cleveland ballplayer (Cleveland Bronchos) to have six hits in one game 
Apr 28
Using the ISO 8601 standard Year Zero definition for the Gregorian calendar preceded by the Julian calendar, the one billionth minute since the start of January 1, Year Zero occurs at 10:40 AM on this date. 
Apr 29
Congress extends the Chinese Exclusion Act (of 1882) prohibiting immigration of Chinese laborers from territories to the mainland, a rule clearly aimed at Chinese in the Philippines 
Apr 30
Debussy's opera "Pelléas et Mélissande" premieres in Paris 
May 3
28th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Winkfield on Alan-a-Dale wins in 2:08.75 
May 6
British SS Camorta sinks off Rangoon; 739 die 
May 6
Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Shoscombe Old Place" (BG) 
May 6
Zulu assault at Holkrantz South-Africa 
May 7
Soufriere volcano on St Vincent kills 2-5,000 
May 8
Mt Pelee erupts, wipes out St Pierre, Martinique, kills 30,000 
May 10
Portugal goes bankrupt, but its parliament passes a bill converting its external debt. Contributing to Portugal's troubles is a recent revolt in its colony of Angola, put down on 6 September 
May 12
Some 140,000 miners of anthracite coal in Pennsylvania go out on a strike called by the United Mine Workers after the owners have refused to recognize the UMW, let alone negotiate or submit to arbitration; Roosevelt later threatens to have the army run the mine 
May 15
Lyman Gilmore is 1st person to fly a powered craft 
May 15
Portugal bankrupt by revolt in Angola 
May 16
2 deaf-mutes face each other for 1st time as Dummy Hoy leads off for the Reds against Dummy Taylor of the Giants, Reds win 5-3 
May 17
Greek archaeologist Valerios Stais discovers the Antikythera mechanism, an ancient mechanical analog computer. 
May 19
Great Britain & Boers resume peace talks in Pretoria 
May 20
Cuba gains independence from Spain 
May 20
US military occupation of Cuba (since Jan 1, 1899) ends 
May 20
The United States withdraw its troops from Cuba as its first president, Tomas Estrada Palma, is installed 
May 22
36th Belmont: John Bullman aboard Mastermam wins in 2:22.6 
May 22
US President Roosevelt signs a treaty with Mexico under which both countries agree to submit a long-standing dispute over interest payments to the Court of Arbitration at The Hague 
May 24
Empire Day 1st celebrated in Britain 
May 24
Cleve's Bill Bradley is 1st ALer to hit a HR run in 4 consecutive games, not duplicated until Babe Ruth does it June 25, 1918 
May 27
27th Preakness: L Jackson aboard Old England wins in 1:45.8 
May 29
Dutch State Mine law forms 
May 30
Spanish King Alfonso XII, who was elected as a constitutional monarch, suspends the Cortes, Spain's parliament 
May 31
Australia Cricket all out 36 v England, Edgbaston, their lowest ever 
May 31
Boer War Ends; Treaty of Unity signed, Britain annexes Transvaal 
May 31
Labor trouble and riots lead Spanish King Alfonso XII to impose martial law 
Jun 1
Blue-White United soccer team of Amsterdam forms 
Jun 2
2nd statewide initiative & referendum law adopted, in Oregon 
Jun 5
Kaiser Wilhelm II responds to growing demands from Polish and other Slavic peoples living within German territory by calling for more 'Germanization' of the slavs 
Jun 9
1st Automat restaurant opens (818 Chestnut St, Phila) 
Jun 10
Patent for window envelope granted to H F Callahan 
Jun 13
Prussian Upper house gives 350 million marks to Poland 
Jun 15
Canada's Maritime Provinces switch from Eastern to Atlantic time 
Jun 15
Minor League's most lopsided baseball game: Corsicana 51; Texarkana 3 Justin Clark of Corsicana, Tx minors hits 8 home runs in 1 game 
Jun 17
US Congress pass the New Lands Reclamation Act, which establishes a fund from sale of public lands to build irrigation dams for arid Western lands 
Jun 23
Gioacchino Rossini's unveils monument to Santa-Croce 
Jun 24
King Edward VII develops appendicitis, delaying his coronation. 
Jun 26
Order of Merit instituted by King Edward VII 
Jun 26
Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of 3 Garidebs" (BG) 
Jun 26
Aga Khan III is appointed Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire 
Jun 28
Congress authorizes Louisiana Purchase Expo $1 gold coin 
Jun 28
US buys concession to build Panama canal from French for $40 million 
Jun 28
Germany, Italy, and the Austro-Hungarian Empire renew their Triple Alliance for six more years 
Jun 30
Cleveland is 1st AL team to hit 3 consecutive HRs in same inning 
Jul 1
Ranji (230) & Newham (153) add 344 for 7th wkt, Sussex v Essex 
Jul 1
Start of Sherlock Holmes "Disappearance of Lady Frances Carfax" (BG) 
Jul 1
US Congress passes the Philippines Government Act, providing that the Philippines be governed by a commission appointed by the President, with consent from the senate; Filipinos are to be treated as citizens of their land, no the USA 
Jul 2
John J McGraw becomes manager of NY Giants (stays for 30 years) 
Jul 2
19th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Muriel Robb beats C Sterry (7-5 6-1) 
Jul 2
26th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Laurence Doherty beats A Gore (6-4 6-3 3-6 6-0) 
Jul 3
Excelsior soccer team forms in Rotterdam 
Jul 4
Civil government is established in the Philippines by a proclamation from US president Roosevelt, who offers a general amnesty to insurgents 
Jul 5
Australia won the one & only Test Cricket played at Sheffield 
Jul 8
John McGraw, accused by Ban Johnson of trying to wreck Baltimore & Washington clubs, negotiates his release from the Orioles 
Jul 11
British premier Lord Salisbury resigns 
Jul 12
Australian parliament agrees to female suffrage 
Jul 12
Arthur Balfour succeeds Lord Salisbury, who retired as Prime Minister on 11 July 
Jul 14
The Campanile in St Mark's Square, Venice collapses, also demolishing the loggetta. 
Jul 15
Ranjitsinhji scores 180 before lunch, for Sussex v Surrey 
Jul 16
John McGraw named manager of NY Giants 
Jul 16
Test Cricket debut of K S Ranjitsinhji v Australia, at Old Trafford 
Jul 17
Orioles forfeit to St Louis having only 5 players available to play they then forfeit their franchise back to the AL 
Jul 17
Lord Tennyson, son of the poet, is named to succeed Lord Hopetown, first governor general of Australia 
Jul 19
NY Giants lose their 1st game under new manager John McGraw 
Jul 24
Victor Trumper scores a century for Australia before lunch 4th Test Cricket v England 
Jul 24
In Turkey, the Sultan Abdul-Hamid, under pressure from within the Ottoman Empire, appoints a commission to consider reforms that might pacify Macedonian revolutionaries 
Jul 25
james j jeffries KOs Bob Fitzsimmons in 8 for heavyweight boxing title 
Jul 26
Australia beat England by 3 runs at Old Trafford 
Jul 29
Union of Orthodox Rabbis of US & Canada forms 
Jul 30
Anti-Jewish rioters attack funeral procession of Rabbi Joseph (NYC) 
Aug 1
Building begins on Dutch public housing 
Aug 1
Mine accident in Wollongong, Australia (100 die) 
Aug 4
The Greenwich foot tunnel under the River Thames opens. 
Aug 8
2nd Davis Cup: USA beats British Isles in New York (3-2) 
Aug 9
Edward VII of Great Britain crowned having succeeded his mother Victoria 
Aug 13
England beat Australia by one wicket at The Oval Famous victory 
Aug 22
Pres Teddy Roosevelt became 1st US chief executive to ride in a car 
Aug 31
Split skirt 1st worn by Mrs Adolph Landeburg (horse rider) 
Sep 1
Tinker, Evers, & Chance appear together for 1st time 
Sep 2
"A Trip To The Moon", the first science fiction film, released 
Sep 3
Pittsburgh Pirates, win earliest pennent (full season) 
Sep 3
Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Illustrious Client" 
Sep 7
In Australia, the whole nation observes a 'day of humiliation' and prays for rain, as a terrible drought kills livestock and threatens crops; rain begins to appear on 10 September 
Sep 10
Utrecht soccer team UVV forms 
Sep 17
US protests anti-semitism in Romania 
Sep 20
Chicago White Sox Jim Callahan no-hits Detroit Tigers, 3-0 
Sep 24
Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Red Circle" (BG) 
Sep 29
Impresario David Belasco opens his 1st Broadway theater 
Oct 2
Beatrix Potter's "The Tale of Peter Rabbit" is published by Frederick Warne & Co. in London. 
Oct 10
South Africa's president Paul Kruger visits Utrecht 
Oct 10
American outlaw Tom Horn's murder trial begins, and he is eventually found guilty and sentenced to death 
Oct 11
8th US Golf Open: Laurie Auchterlonie shoots a 307 at Garden City NY 
Oct 11
Commencement of 1st Test Cricket between South Africa & Australia 
Oct 11
Lawrence Auchterlonie wins US Open golf tournament 
Oct 13
President Roosevelt threatens to start using army troops to work coal mines struck since 12 may; this brings the owners to agree to abide by a Commission of Arbitration 
Oct 20
The Chamber of Deputies appoints a committee to consider questions on the separation of Church and State in France 
Oct 21
In the United States, a five month strike by United Mine Workers ends. 
Oct 25
Maxim Gorki's "Na dne" premieres in Moscow 
Oct 25
Santa Maria Guatemala hit by Earthquake; about 6,000 die 
Nov 1
France and Italy sign an Entente under which Italy agrees to remain neutral if France is attacked; this is France's attempt to neutralize the Triple Entente 
Nov 15
Leopold II, King of Belgium almost assassinated by Italian anarchist 
Nov 18
Brooklyn toymaker Morris Michton names teddy bear after US President Teddy Roosevelt 
Nov 20
Geo Lefevre & Henri Desgrange create Tour de France bicycle race 
Nov 21
1st night football game, Phila Athletics beats Kanaweola AC, 39-0 
Nov 21
Baseball's Phila Athletics & Phillies form pro football teams, joining Pitts Stars in 1st attempt at a National Football League 
Nov 21
The Canadian government appoints a commission to consider revising, classifying, and consolidating the many public statutes passed over the years 
Nov 25
Franz Lehar's opera "Wiener Fraueen" premieres in Vienna 
Nov 29
Gerhart Hauptmann's "Der arme Heinrich" premieres in Vienna 
Nov 30
American Old West: Second-in-command of Butch Cassidy's Wild Bunch gang, Kid Curry Logan, is sentenced to 20 years imprisonment with hard labor. 
Dec 2
Soccer team Go Ahead forms in Deventer 
Dec 7
Britain and Germany issue an ultimatum to Venezuela demanding that President Cipriano Castro pay claims for damages caused during his takeover of the government in 1899 
Dec 8
Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr became Associate Justice on Supreme Court 
Dec 9
AL announces purchase of grounds for a stadium in NY 
Dec 10
Women are given the right to vote in Tasmania. 
Dec 11
The US signs a treaty with Cuba allowing for a 20 percent reduction of tariff rates on imported Cuban products 
Dec 13
British and German ships begin to bombard the Venezuelan forts after President Castro refuses to comply with an ultimatum demanding that he claims for damages caused during his takeover of the government in 1899; Castro asks US President Roosevelt to arbitrate 
Dec 17
Frank Wedekind's "Der Erdgeist" premieres in Berlin 
Dec 18
British parliament passes the Education Act, which will come to be regarded as the most important legislation of Balfour's government 
Dec 25
Clyde Fitch' "Girl with Green Eyes" premieres in NYC 
Dec 25
Pope Leo XIII, at his annual Christmas reception, endorses the Christian Democratic movement now emerging in Europe as an attempt to offer an alternative to more radical movements 
Dec 26
Most knock downs in a fight, Oscar Nelson (5) & Christy Williams (42) 
Dec 28
1st indoor pro football game, Syracuse beats Phila 6-0 (Madison Square Garden, NYC) 
Dec 28
Trans-Pacific cable links Hawaii to US 
Dec 31
Boers & British army sign peace treaty 
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