Today in History - Historical Events - 1878

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Notable Historical Events - 1878

1878After serving as the opposition for five years, John A. Macdonald is re-elected as Prime Minister of Canada

1878German republic chancellor Bismarck delegates end of "Socialism"

1878 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 4
Sofia is emancipated from Ottoman rule. 
Jan 8
Secret meeting of King Leopold II's agent & Henry Morton Stanley 
Jan 9
Umberto I becomes King of Italy. 
Jan 10
US Senate proposes female suffrage 
Jan 14
US Supreme court rules race separation on trains unconstitutional 
Jan 16
Captain Burago with a squadron of Russian Imperial army dragoons liberates Plovdiv from Ottoman rule. 
Jan 24
Revolutionary Vera Zasulich shoots at Fyodor Trepov, Governor of Saint Petersburg. 
Jan 28
1st telephone exchange (New Haven, CT) 
Jan 28
George W Coy hired as 1st full-time telephone operator 
Jan 28
Yale Daily News published, 1st college daily newspaper 
Feb 2
Greece declares war on Turkey 
Feb 10
Peace of Zanjón 
Feb 10
Peter Tsjaikovsky's 4th Symphony in F, premieres 
Feb 11
1st US bicycle club, Boston Bicycle Club, forms 
Feb 11
1st weekly weather report published in UK 
Feb 12
Frederick Thayer patents catcher's mask (pat # 200,358) 
Feb 16
Silver dollar became US legal tender 
Feb 17
1st telephone exchange in SF opens with 18 phones 
Feb 18
John Tunstall is murdered by outlaw Jessie Evans, sparking the Lincoln County War in Lincoln County, New Mexico. 
Feb 19
Thomas Alva Edison patents gramophone (phonograph) 
Feb 21
World's 1st telephone directory issued, 50 subscribers (New Harbor, Connecticut) 
Feb 22
Greenback Labor Party forms (Toledo Ohio) 
Feb 28
US congress authorizes large-size silver certificate 
Mar 1
First winter ascent of Aneto 
Mar 3
Bulgaria liberated from Turkey (Peace of San Stefano) 
Mar 13
Oxford University defeats Cambridge University in their 1st golf match 
Mar 24
British frigate Eurydice sunk; 300 lost 
Mar 26
Hastings College of Law founded in California 
Mar 26
Sabi Game Reserve, world's 1st official designated game reserve, opens 
Apr 2
1st issue of Rotterdam's Newspaper 
Apr 10
California St Cable Car RR Co starts service 
Apr 15
Harley Procter introduces Ivory Soap 
Apr 21
First Lady Lucy Hayes begins egg rolling contest on White House lawn 
Apr 21
NY installs 1st firehouse pole 
Apr 21
Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Inscrutabili 
Apr 21
Ship Azor leaves Charleston with 206 blacks for Liberia 
Apr 23
1st Dutch test drive of steam tram 
May 2
US stops minting 20 cent coin 
May 4
Phonograph shown for 1st time at Grand Opera House 
May 8
1st unassisted triple play in organized baseball, by Paul Hines 
May 14
Vaseline is first sold (registered trademark for petroleum jelly) 
May 19
Blanche Kelso Bruce appointed register of treasury by President Garfield 
May 21
4th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Carter aboard Day Star wins in 2:37.25 
May 23
Atty John Henry Smyth named minister to Liberia 
May 24
CA Parker (Harvard) wins 1st American bike race, Beacon Park Boston 
May 25
Gilbert & Sullivan's opera "HMS Pinafore" premieres in London 
May 27
6th Preakness: C Holloway aboard Duke of Magenta wins in 2:41.75 
May 27
Australians Cricket 41 & 12-1 defeat MCC 33 & 19 
May 31
German battleship SMS Grosser Kurfürst sinks, 284 killed 
May 31
US Congress accepts decrease in dollar circulation 
Jun 4
Cyprus ceded by Turkey to Britain for administrative purposes 
Jun 8
12th Belmont: L Hughes aboard Duke of Magenta wins in 2:43.5 
Jun 11
DC is given a new government by Congress, 3 commissioners appointed by president (change in 1974) 
Jun 13
Congress of Berlin meets to divide African colonization 
Jun 15
1st attempt at motion pictures (used 12 cameras, each taking 1 picture) done to see if all 4 of a horse's hooves leave the ground 
Jul 1
Treaty of Berlin divides Africa for colonization 
Jul 1
Canada joins the Universal Postal Union. 
Jul 5
The coat of arms of the Baku governorate was established. 
Jul 7
Social-Democratic United forms in Amsterdam 
Jul 9
An improved corncob pipe patents by Henry Tibbe, Washington, Mo 
Jul 12
Fever epidemic in New Orleans begin, it will kill 4,500 
Jul 13
Congress of Berlin discussing division of African colonies ends 
Jul 13
Treaty of Berlin amended terms of Treaty of San Stefano 
Jul 17
Nqwiliso, tribal chief of Western Pondoland and eldest son of Ndamase, signs a treaty with H.G. Elliott ceding sovereign rights and shipping in the Umzimvubu River mouth to the Cape government, Southern Africa 
Jul 20
1st telephone introduced in Hawaii 
Jul 20
2nd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Frank Hadow beats S Gore (7-5- 6-1 9-7) 
Jul 26
In California, the poet and American West outlaw calling himself "Black Bart" makes his last clean getaway when he steals a safe box from a Wells Fargo stagecoach. The empty box will be found later with a taunting poem inside. 
Jul 30
German anti-semitism begins during the Reichstag election 
Jul 30
Russian assault on Plevna Turkey, 7,300 Russian casualties 
Aug 21
American Bar Association organizes at Sarasota, NY 
Aug 21
Edward Pooley completes record 8 stumpings in a cricket match 
Sep 1
1st female telephone operator starts work (Emma Nutt in Boston) 
Sep 3
British passenger paddle steamer Princess Alice sunk in a collision on the River Thames with the collier Bywell Castle; 645 die 
Sep 12
Cleopatra Needle installed in London 
Sep 25
British physician Dr. Charles Drysdale warns against the use of tobacco in a letter to The Times newspaper in one of the earliest pubic health announcements on the dangers of smoking 
Sep 30
1st Portuguese immigrants arrive in Hawaii 
Sep 30
Great Flood hits New Zealand's South Island 
Oct 15
Edison Electric Light Company incorporated 
Oct 17
After serving as the opposition for five years, John A. Macdonald is re-elected as Prime Minister of Canada 
Oct 18
Edison makes electricity available for household use 
Oct 21
German republic chancellor Bismarck delegates end of "Socialism" 
Oct 22
The first rugby match under floodlights takes place in Salford, between Broughton and Swinton. 
Nov 1
Edward Scripps & John Sweeney found Penny Press (Cleveland Press) 
Nov 6
Henrik Ibsen's "Samfundets Stotter" premieres in Oslo 
Nov 10
Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Bespridannitsa" premieres in Moscow 
Nov 17
First assassination attempt against Umberto I of Italy. 
Dec 1
1st White House telephone installed 
Dec 3
Settlers arrive at Petach Tikvah, Israel 
Dec 9
Joseph Pulitzer buys St Louis Dispatch for $2,500 
Dec 12
Joseph Pulitzer begins publishing "St Louis Dispatch" 
Dec 18
French SS Byzantin sinks after collision in Dardanellen, 210 killed 
Dec 18
John Kehoe, the last of the Molly Maguires is executed in Pennsylvania. 
Dec 26
1st US store to install electric lights, Philadelphia 
Dec 28
Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Quod apostolici muneris (socialism) 
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