Tamerlane Biography

Timur, historically known as Tamerlane, was a Turko-Mongol conqueror and the founder of the Timurid dynasty in Central Asia. Born into the Barlas confederation in Transoxiana during the 1320s or 1330s, he gained control of Western Chagatai Khanate by 1370. From that base, he led military campaigns across West, South and Central Asia and emerged as the most powerful ruler in the Muslim world after defeating the Mamluks of Egypt and Syria, the emerging Ottoman Empire and the declining Sultanate of Delhi. From these conquests he founded the Timurid Empire, although it fragmented shortly after his death. He is considered the last of the great nomadic conquerors of the Eurasian steppe, and his empire set the stage for rise of the more structured and lasting gunpowder empires in the 1500s and 1600s.

Timur envisioned the restoration of the Mongol Empire of Genghis Khan. As a means of legitimating his conquests, Timur relied on Islamic symbols and language, referring to himself as the Sword of Islam and patronizing educational and religious institutions. He converted nearly all the Borjigin leaders to Islam during his lifetime. His armies were inclusively multi-ethnic. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
Tamerlane
Ethnicity:
Turkic peoples
Religion:
Islam, Sufism
Date of Birth:
April 9, 1336
Astrological Sign:
Aries
Date of Death:
February 18, 1405
Age at Death:
68
Tamerlane Timeline
  • 1398-12-17
    Timur (Tamerlane) captures and sacks Delhi, defeating Sultan Nasir-u Din Mehmud's armies which include elephants
  • 1401-07-09
    Turko-Mongol ruler Tamerlane (Timur) destroys Baghdad, killing 20,000
Cite this page
APA Style

Tamerlane. (2018). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 11:47am UTC, Dec 15, 2018, from www.historyhop.com/famous-people/tamerlane/bio.

Harvard Style

Tamerlane. [Internet]. 2018. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: www.historyhop.com/famous-people/tamerlane/bio [Accessed 15 Dec 2018].

MLA Style

"Tamerlane." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2018. Web. 15 Dec 2018.

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