Rosa Parks Biography

Rosa Louise McCauley Parks was an African-American civil rights activist, whom the United States Congress called "the first lady of civil rights" and "the mother of the freedom movement". Her birthday, February 4, and the day she was arrested, December 1, have both become Rosa Parks Day, commemorated in both California and Ohio.

On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks refused to obey bus driver James F. Blake's order that she give up her seat in the colored section to a white passenger, after the white section was filled. Parks was not the first person to resist bus segregation. Others had taken similar steps, including Irene Morgan in 1946, Sarah Louise Keys in 1955, and the members of the Browder v. Gayle lawsuit who were arrested in Montgomery months before Parks. NAACP organizers believed that Parks was the best candidate for seeing through a court challenge after her arrest for civil disobedience in violating Alabama segregation laws, although eventually her case became bogged down in the state courts while the Browder v. Gayle case succeeded.

Parks' act of defiance and the Montgomery Bus Boycott became important symbols of the modern Civil Rights Movement. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
Rosa Parks
Nationality:
United States of America
Profession:
Activist
Ethnicity:
African American
Date of Birth:
February 4, 1913
Astrological Sign:
Date of Death:
October 24, 2005
Age at Death:
92
Cause of Death:
Natural causes
Cite this page
APA Style

Rosa Parks. (2022). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 12:05pm UTC, Sep 27, 2022, from www.historyhop.com/famous-people/rosa-parks/bio.

Harvard Style

Rosa Parks. [Internet]. 2022. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: www.historyhop.com/famous-people/rosa-parks/bio [Accessed 27 Sep 2022].

MLA Style

"Rosa Parks." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2022. Web. 27 Sep 2022.

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