Mark Antony Biography

Marcus Antonius, commonly known in English as Mark Antony, was a Roman politician and general who played a critical role in the transformation of the Roman Republic from an oligarchy into the autocratic Roman Empire.

Antony was an important supporter of and military commander for Julius Caesar during his conquest of Gaul and subsequent civil war. Caesar appointed Antony the administrator of Italy while he eliminated his political opponents in Greece, North Africa, and Spain. After Caesar's assassination in 44 BC, Antony joined forces with Marcus Lepidus, one of Caesar's generals, and Caesar's adopted son Octavian in a three-man dictatorship known as the Second Triumvirate. The Triumvirate defeated Caesar's murderers, the Liberatores, at the Battle of Philippi in 42 BC and divided government of the Republic between themselves. Antony was assigned Rome's eastern provinces, including Rome's client kingdom of Ptolemaic Egypt ruled by Queen Cleopatra, and command of Rome's war against Parthia.

Relations within the Triumvirate were strained as the various members sought greater political power. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
Mark Antony
Full Name:
Marcus Antonius
Nationality:
Roman Republic
Profession:
Soldier, Politician
Date of Birth:
January 14, 83 BC
Astrological Sign:
Capricorn
Date of Death:
August 1, 30 BC
Age at Death:
53
Cause of Death:
Suicide
Mark Antony Timeline
  • 43-04-14
    Battle of Forum Gallorum: Mark Antony, besieging Julius Caesar's assassin Decimus Junius Brutus in Mutina, defeats the forces of the consul Pansa, who is killed.
  • 43-04-21
    Battle of Mutina: Mark Antony is again defeated in battle by Aulus Hirtius, who is killed. Antony fails to capture Mutina and Decimus Brutus is murdered shortly after.
  • 31-09-02
    Final war of the Roman Republic: Battle of Actium - off the western coast of Greece, forces of Octavian defeat troops under Mark Antony and Cleopatra.
  • 30-07-31
    Battle of Alexandria: Mark Antony achieves a minor victory over Octavian's forces, but most of his army subsequently deserts, leading to his suicide.
Cite this page
APA Style

Mark Antony. (2018). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 9:53pm UTC, Nov 16, 2018, from www.historyhop.com/famous-people/mark-antony/bio.

Harvard Style

Mark Antony. [Internet]. 2018. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: www.historyhop.com/famous-people/mark-antony/bio [Accessed 16 Nov 2018].

MLA Style

"Mark Antony." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2018. Web. 16 Nov 2018.

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