Mahatma Gandhi Biography

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the preeminent leader of Indian independence movement in British-ruled India. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. The honorific Mahatma —applied to him first in 1914 in South Africa,—is now used worldwide. He is also called Bapu in India.

Born and raised in a Hindu merchant caste family in coastal Gujarat, western India, and trained in law at the Inner Temple, London, Gandhi first employed nonviolent civil disobedience as an expatriate lawyer in South Africa, in the resident Indian community's struggle for civil rights. After his return to India in 1915, he set about organising peasants, farmers, and urban labourers to protest against excessive land-tax and discrimination. Assuming leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921, Gandhi led nationwide campaigns for easing poverty, expanding women's rights, building religious and ethnic amity, ending untouchability, but above all for achieving Swaraj or self-rule. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
Mahatma Gandhi
Full Name:
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Nationality:
India
Profession:
Lawyer, Politician, Philosopher, Writer
Religion:
Hinduism, Jainism
Date of Birth:
October 2, 1869
Astrological Sign:
Libra
Date of Death:
January 30, 1948
Age at Death:
78
Cause of Death:
Assassination by firearm
Mahatma Gandhi Timeline
  • 1893-06-07
    Gandhi's first act of civil disobedience.
  • 1894-08-22
    Mahatma Gandhi forms the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in order to fight discrimination against Indian traders in Natal
  • 1906-09-11
    Mahatma Gandhi coins the term "Satyagraha" to characterize the Non-Violence movement in South Africa.
  • 1910-02-26
    Gandhi supports the African People's Organisations resolution to declare the day of arrival of the Prince of Wales in South Africa as a day of mourning in protest against the South Africa Acts disenfranchisement of Indians, Coloureds and Africans in the upcoming Union of South Africa
  • 1911-04-27
    Indian passive resistance is suspended when Gen. J.C. Smuts enters into negotiations with Mahatma Gandhi.
  • 1912-10-02
    Gopal Krishna Gokhale, at invitation of Gandhi, arrives in South Africa on a 26-day tour; he also visits Tolstoy Farm
  • 1913-01-02
    Mahatma Gandhi leaves the Tolstoy Farm in Transvaal, South Africa.
  • 1913-06-14
    The South African Government pass the Immigration Act, which restricts the entry and free movement of Asians; it leads to widespread agitation and rioting by resident Indians, led by Gandhi
  • 1913-10-19
    At a meeting of the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in Durban, NIC secretaries, M. C. Anglia and Dada Osman, severely criticise Mahatma Gandhi and tender their resignations
  • 1913-11-06
    Mohandas K Gandhi arrested for leading Indian miners march in South Africa
  • 1914-01-14
    The Gandhi-Smuts Agreement is reached between Gen. J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi,regarding voluntary registration, poll tax, recognition of Indian marriages and other matters
  • 1914-01-25
    An Indian mass meeting in Durban unanimously endorse the agreement between General J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi regarding voluntary registration, poll tax, recognition of Indian marriages and other matters
  • 1914-02-10
    In accordance with the understanding reached by General J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi, 60 passive resistance prisoners are released from the Pietermaritzburg Prison; 40 passive resisters are released in Durban, 8 in Newcastle and 11 in Port Elizabeth
  • 1914-06-26
    The Indian Relief Act, passes after a protracted period of Passive Resistance led by Gandhi; it abolishes a £3 tax imposed on Indians who had not renewed their indentures and recognizes "the validity of Indian customary marriages"
  • 1914-06-30
    Mahatma Gandhi's 1st arrest after campaigning for Indian rights in South Africa
  • 1914-07-18
    Gandhi leaves South Africa after successfully leading campaigns of Passive Resistance
  • 1919-03-30
    Gandhi announces resistance against Rowlatt Act
  • 1919-04-06
    Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi orders a General Strike.
  • 1922-03-18
    British magistrates in India sentence Mahatma Gandhi to 6 years imprisonment for disobedience
  • 1924-02-24
    Mahatma Gandhi released from jail
  • 1930-03-12
    Mohandas Gandhi begins 200m (300km) march protesting British salt tax
  • 1931-03-05
    Gandhi & British viceroy Lord Irwin sign pact
  • 1932-01-04
    British East Indies Viceroy Willingdon arrests Gandhi & Nehru
  • 1932-09-20
    Gandhi begins hunger strike against treatment of untouchables
  • 1933-05-08
    Mohandas Gandhi begins a 21-day fast in protest against British oppression in India.
  • 1933-08-23
    Mahatma Gandhi released from Indian jail following yet another hunger strike
  • 1934-04-07
    In India, Mahatma Gandhi suspended his campaign of civil disobedience
  • 1939-03-03
    In Mumbai (Bombay), Mohandas Gandhi begins to fast in protest against autocratic rule in India.
  • 1942-08-09
    Mahatma Gandhi & 50 others arrested in Bombay after passing of a "quit India" campaign by the All-India Congress
  • 1944-05-05
    Gandhi freed from prison
  • 1946-06-22
    Speaking at a prayer meeting in New Delhi, Gandhi calls on the South African government to stop 'hooliganism' by Whites
  • 1947-01-02
    Mahatma Gandhi begins march for peace in East-Bengali
  • 1948-01-12
    Mahatma Gandhi begins his final fast
  • 1948-01-30
    Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Nathuram Godse
Cite this page
APA Style

Mahatma Gandhi. (2018). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 5:04am UTC, Dec 17, 2018, from www.historyhop.com/famous-people/mahatma-gandhi/bio.

Harvard Style

Mahatma Gandhi. [Internet]. 2018. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: www.historyhop.com/famous-people/mahatma-gandhi/bio [Accessed 17 Dec 2018].

MLA Style

"Mahatma Gandhi." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2018. Web. 17 Dec 2018.

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