José de San Martín Biography

José Francisco de San Martín, known simply as José de San Martín, was an Argentine general and the prime leader of the southern part of South America's successful struggle for independence from the Spanish Empire. Born in Yapeyú, Corrientes, in modern Argentina, he left his mother country at the early age of seven to study in Málaga, Spain.

In 1808, after taking part in the Peninsular War against France, San Martín contacted South American supporters of independence from Spain. In 1812, he set sail for Buenos Aires and offered his services to the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata, present-day Argentina. After the Battle of San Lorenzo and time commanding the Army of the North during 1814, he organized a plan to defeat the Spanish forces that menaced the United Provinces from the north, using an alternative path to the Viceroyalty of Peru. This objective first involved the establishment of a new army, the Army of the Andes, in Cuyo Province, Argentina. From there, he led the Crossing of the Andes to Chile, and triumphed at the Battle of Chacabuco and the Battle of Maipú, thus liberating Chile from royalist rule. Then he sailed to attack the Spanish stronghold of Lima, Peru. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
José de San Martín
Nationality:
Chile
Ethnicity:
Argentines
Religion:
Catholicism
Date of Death:
August 17, 1850
Age at Death:
unknown
José de San Martín Timeline
Cite this page
APA Style

José de San Martín. (2022). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 11:11am UTC, Sep 27, 2022, from www.historyhop.com/famous-people/jose-de-san-martin/bio.

Harvard Style

José de San Martín. [Internet]. 2022. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: www.historyhop.com/famous-people/jose-de-san-martin/bio [Accessed 27 Sep 2022].

MLA Style

"José de San Martín." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2022. Web. 27 Sep 2022.

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