John C. Calhoun Biography

John Caldwell Calhoun was a leading American politician and political theorist during the first half of the 19th century. Hailing from South Carolina, Calhoun began his political career as a nationalist, modernizer, and proponent of a strong national government and protective tariffs. After 1830, his views evolved and he became a greater proponent of states' rights, limited government, nullification and free trade; as he saw these means as the only way to preserve the Union. He is best known for his intense and original defense of slavery as something positive, his distrust of majoritarianism, and for pointing the South toward secession from the Union.

Calhoun built his reputation as a political theorist by his redefinition of republicanism to include approval of slavery and minority rights, with the Southern States the minority in question. To protect minority rights against majority rule, he called for a "concurrent majority" whereby the minority could sometimes block offensive proposals that a State felt infringed on their sovereign power. Always distrustful of democracy, he minimized the role of the Second Party System in South Carolina. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
John C. Calhoun
Nationality:
United States of America
Profession:
Lawyer, Statesman, Politician
Ethnicity:
Scotch-Irish American, White people
Religion:
Unitarianism, Calvinism
Date of Birth:
March 18, 1782
Astrological Sign:
Pisces
Date of Death:
March 31, 1850
Age at Death:
68
Cause of Death:
Tuberculosis
Marriages
John C. Calhoun Timeline
Cite this page
APA Style

John C. Calhoun. (2020). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 11:27am UTC, Mar 29, 2020, from www.historyhop.com/famous-people/john-c-calhoun/bio.

Harvard Style

John C. Calhoun. [Internet]. 2020. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: www.historyhop.com/famous-people/john-c-calhoun/bio [Accessed 29 Mar 2020].

MLA Style

"John C. Calhoun." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2020. Web. 29 Mar 2020.

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