James Wolfe Biography

Major General James P. Wolfe (2 January 1727 – 13 September 1759) was a British Army officer, known for his training reforms but remembered chiefly for his victory over the French in Canada. The son of a distinguished general, Lieutenant-General Edward Wolfe, he had received his first commission at a young age and saw extensive service in Europe where he fought during the War of the Austrian Succession. His service in Flanders and in Scotland, where he took part in the suppression of the Jacobite Rebellion, brought him to the attention of his superiors. The advancement of his career was halted by the Peace Treaty of 1748 and he spent much of the next eight years in garrison duty in the Scottish Highlands.



The outbreak of the Seven Years' War in 1756 offered Wolfe fresh opportunities for advancement. His part in the aborted attack on Rochefort in 1757 led William Pitt to appoint him second-in-command of an expedition to capture Louisbourg. Following the success of this operation he was made commander of a force designated to sail up the Saint Lawrence River to capture Quebec. After a lengthy siege Wolfe defeated a French force under Montcalm allowing British forces to capture the city. Wolfe was killed at the height of the battle due to injuries from three musket balls.



Wolfe's part in the taking of Quebec in 1759 earned him posthumous fame and he became an icon of Britain's victory in the Seven Years War and subsequent territorial expansion. He was depicted in the painting The Death of General Wolfe. This painting became very famous around the world. Wolfe was posthumously dubbed "The Conqueror of Quebec", and also "The Conqueror of Canada" since the capture of Quebec led directly to the capture of Montreal which ended French control of the country. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
James Wolfe
Full Name:
James Peter Wolfe
Nationality:
United Kingdom
Date of Birth:
January 2, 1727
Astrological Sign:
Capricorn
Date of Death:
September 13, 1759
Age at Death:
32
Cause of Death:
Firearm
James Wolfe Timeline
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James Wolfe. (2018). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 7:21pm UTC, Jul 17, 2018, from www.historyhop.com/famous-people/james-wolfe/bio.

Harvard Style

James Wolfe. [Internet]. 2018. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: www.historyhop.com/famous-people/james-wolfe/bio [Accessed 17 Jul 2018].

MLA Style

"James Wolfe." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2018. Web. 17 Jul 2018.

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