James Garfield Biography

James Abram Garfield served as the 20th President of the United States, after completing nine consecutive terms in the U.S. House of Representatives.

Garfield's accomplishments as President included a controversial resurgence of Presidential authority above Senatorial courtesy in executive appointments; energizing U.S. naval power; and purging corruption in the Post Office Department. Garfield made notable diplomatic and judiciary appointments, including a U.S. Supreme Court justice. Garfield appointed several African-Americans to prominent federal positions. As President, Garfield advocated a bi-metal monetary system, agricultural technology, an educated electorate, and civil rights for African-Americans. He proposed substantial civil service reform, eventually passed by Congress in 1883 and signed into law by his successor, Chester A. Arthur, as the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act.

Garfield's presidency lasted just 200 days—from March 4, 1881, until his death on September 19, 1881, as a result of being shot by assassin Charles J. Guiteau on July 2, 1881. Only William Henry Harrison's presidency, of 31 days, was shorter. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
James Garfield
Nationality:
United States of America
Profession:
Politician, Lawyer, Teacher, Laity
Ethnicity:
White people
Religion:
Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), Restoration
Date of Birth:
November 19, 1831
Astrological Sign:
Scorpio
Date of Death:
September 19, 1881
Age at Death:
49
Cause of Death:
Myocardial infarction, Sepsis, Pneumonia
Marriages
James Garfield Timeline
Cite this page
APA Style

James Garfield. (2020). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 10:01pm UTC, Apr 8, 2020, from www.historyhop.com/famous-people/james-garfield/bio.

Harvard Style

James Garfield. [Internet]. 2020. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: www.historyhop.com/famous-people/james-garfield/bio [Accessed 08 Apr 2020].

MLA Style

"James Garfield." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2020. Web. 08 Apr 2020.

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