James Cook Biography

Captain James Cook, FRS, RN was a British explorer, navigator, cartographer, and captain in the Royal Navy. Cook made detailed maps of Newfoundland prior to making three voyages to the Pacific Ocean, during which he achieved the first recorded European contact with the eastern coastline of Australia and the Hawaiian Islands, and the first recorded circumnavigation of New Zealand.

Cook joined the British merchant navy as a teenager and joined the Royal Navy in 1755. He saw action in the Seven Years' War, and subsequently surveyed and mapped much of the entrance to the Saint Lawrence River during the siege of Quebec. This helped bring Cook to the attention of the Admiralty and Royal Society. This notice came at a crucial moment in both Cook's career and the direction of British overseas exploration, and led to his commission in 1766 as commander of HM Bark Endeavour for the first of three Pacific voyages.

In three voyages Cook sailed thousands of miles across largely uncharted areas of the globe. He mapped lands from New Zealand to Hawaii in the Pacific Ocean in greater detail and on a scale not previously achieved. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
James Cook
Nationality:
Kingdom of Great Britain
Profession:
Sailor, Explorer
Ethnicity:
White people
Date of Birth:
October 27, 1728
Astrological Sign:
Scorpio
Date of Death:
February 14, 1779
Age at Death:
50
Cause of Death:
Murder, Stabbing
Marriages
James Cook Timeline
Cite this page
APA Style

James Cook. (2018). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 10:23pm UTC, Oct 16, 2018, from www.historyhop.com/famous-people/james-cook/bio.

Harvard Style

James Cook. [Internet]. 2018. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: www.historyhop.com/famous-people/james-cook/bio [Accessed 16 Oct 2018].

MLA Style

"James Cook." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2018. Web. 16 Oct 2018.

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