James Chadwick Biography

Sir James Chadwick, CH, FRS was an English physicist who was awarded the 1935 Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of the neutron in 1932. In 1941, he wrote the final draft of the MAUD Report, which inspired the U.S. government to begin serious atomic bomb research efforts. He was the head of the British team that worked on the Manhattan Project during the Second World War. He was knighted in England in 1945 for his achievements in physics.

Chadwick graduated from the Victoria University of Manchester in 1911, where he studied under Ernest Rutherford. At Manchester, he continued to study under Rutherford until he was awarded his MSc in 1913. The same year, Chadwick was awarded an 1851 Research Fellowship from the Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851. He elected to study beta radiation under Hans Geiger in Berlin. Using Geiger's recently developed Geiger counter, Chadwick was able to demonstrate that beta radiation produced a continuous spectrum, and not discrete lines as had been thought. Still in Germany when the First World War broke out in Europe, he spent the next four years in the Ruhleben internment camp. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
James Chadwick
Nationality:
United Kingdom
Profession:
Physicist
Date of Birth:
October 20, 1891
Astrological Sign:
Libra
Date of Death:
July 24, 1974
Age at Death:
82
Marriages
Cite this page
APA Style

James Chadwick. (2018). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 4:16pm UTC, Oct 21, 2018, from www.historyhop.com/famous-people/james-chadwick/bio.

Harvard Style

James Chadwick. [Internet]. 2018. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: www.historyhop.com/famous-people/james-chadwick/bio [Accessed 21 Oct 2018].

MLA Style

"James Chadwick." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2018. Web. 21 Oct 2018.

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