Henry II Biography

Henry II, also known as Henry Curtmantle, Henry FitzEmpress or Henry Plantagenet, ruled as Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Nantes, King of England and Lord of Ireland; at various times, he also controlled Wales, Scotland and Brittany. Henry was the son of Geoffrey of Anjou and Matilda, daughter of Henry I of England. He became actively involved by the age of 14 in his mother's efforts to claim the throne of England, then occupied by Stephen of Blois, and was made Duke of Normandy at 17. He inherited Anjou in 1151 and shortly afterwards married Eleanor of Aquitaine, whose marriage to Louis VII of France had recently been annulled. Stephen agreed to a peace treaty after Henry's military expedition to England in 1153: Henry inherited the kingdom on Stephen's death a year later.

Henry was an energetic and sometimes ruthless ruler, driven by a desire to restore the lands and privileges of his royal grandfather, Henry I. During the early years of the younger Henry's reign he restored the royal administration in England, re-established hegemony over Wales and gained full control over his lands in Anjou, Maine and Touraine. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
Henry II
Nationality:
Kingdom of England
Date of Birth:
March 31, 1519
Astrological Sign:
Aries
Date of Death:
July 6, 1189
Age at Death:
329
Marriages
  • 1533-10-28
    Prince Henry of France (later Henry II) (14) marries Florentine noblewoman Catherine de' Medici (14)
Henry II Timeline
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APA Style

Henry II. (2018). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 7:39am UTC, Jun 22, 2018, from www.historyhop.com/famous-people/henry-ii/bio.

Harvard Style

Henry II. [Internet]. 2018. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: www.historyhop.com/famous-people/henry-ii/bio [Accessed 22 Jun 2018].

MLA Style

"Henry II." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2018. Web. 22 Jun 2018.

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