Gregor Mendel Biography

Gregor Johann Mendel was a German-speaking Moravian scientist and Augustinian friar who gained posthumous fame as the founder of the modern science of genetics. Though farmers had known for centuries that crossbreeding of animals and plants could favor certain desirable traits, Mendel's pea plant experiments conducted between 1856 and 1863 established many of the rules of heredity, now referred to as the laws of Mendelian inheritance.

Mendel worked with seven characteristics of pea plants: plant height, pod shape and color, seed shape and color, and flower position and color. With seed color, he showed that when a yellow pea and a green pea were bred together their offspring plant was always yellow. However, in the next generation of plants, the green peas reappeared at a ratio of 1:3. To explain this phenomenon, Mendel coined the terms “recessive” and “dominant” in reference to certain traits. He published his work in 1866, demonstrating the actions of invisible “factors”—now called genes—in providing for visible traits in predictable ways. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
Gregor Mendel
Nationality:
Austria-Hungary
Profession:
Botanist, Monk, Scientist
Religion:
Catholicism
Date of Birth:
July 20, 1822
Astrological Sign:
Cancer
Date of Death:
January 6, 1884
Age at Death:
61
Cause of Death:
Nephritis
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APA Style

Gregor Mendel. (2018). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 10:30am UTC, Jun 19, 2018, from www.historyhop.com/famous-people/gregor-mendel/bio.

Harvard Style

Gregor Mendel. [Internet]. 2018. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: www.historyhop.com/famous-people/gregor-mendel/bio [Accessed 19 Jun 2018].

MLA Style

"Gregor Mendel." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2018. Web. 19 Jun 2018.

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