Fulgencio Batista Biography

Fulgencio Batista y Zaldívar was the elected President of Cuba from 1940 to 1944, and dictator from 1952 to 1959, before being overthrown as a result of the Cuban Revolution.

Batista initially rose to power as part of the 1933 "Revolt of the Sergeants" that overthrew the authoritarian rule of Gerardo Machado. Batista then appointed himself chief of the armed forces, with the rank of colonel, and effectively controlled the five-member Presidency. He maintained this control through a string of puppet presidents until 1940, when he was himself elected President of Cuba on a populist platform. He then instated the 1940 Constitution of Cuba, considered progressive for its time, and served until 1944. After finishing his term he lived in the United States, returning to Cuba to run for president in 1952. Facing certain electoral defeat, he led a military coup that preempted the election.

Back in power, Batista suspended the 1940 Constitution and revoked most political liberties, including the right to strike. He then aligned with the wealthiest landowners who owned the largest sugar plantations, and presided over a stagnating economy that widened the gap between rich and poor Cubans. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
Fulgencio Batista
Full Name:
Fulgencio Batista y Zaldívar
Nationality:
Cuba
Profession:
Politician
Ethnicity:
Cubans, Chinese Cuban
Religion:
Catholicism
Date of Birth:
January 16, 1901
Astrological Sign:
Capricorn
Date of Death:
August 6, 1973
Age at Death:
72
Cause of Death:
Myocardial infarction
Marriages
Fulgencio Batista Timeline
Cite this page
APA Style

Fulgencio Batista. (2018). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 4:24pm UTC, Aug 16, 2018, from www.historyhop.com/famous-people/fulgencio-batista/bio.

Harvard Style

Fulgencio Batista. [Internet]. 2018. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: www.historyhop.com/famous-people/fulgencio-batista/bio [Accessed 16 Aug 2018].

MLA Style

"Fulgencio Batista." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2018. Web. 16 Aug 2018.

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