Cleopatra Biography

Cleopatra VII Philopator - who, being far better known than all others of that name, is known to history as Cleopatra without qualifications - was the last active pharaoh of Ancient Egypt, only shortly survived by her son, Caesarion as pharaoh. The name Cleopatra is derived from the Greek name Κλεοπάτρα which meant "she who comes from glorious father" or "glory of the father" in the feminine form, derived from κλέος "glory" combined with πατήρ "father".

Cleopatra was a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty, a family of Greek origin that ruled Egypt after Alexander the Great's death during the Hellenistic period. The Ptolemies, throughout their dynasty, spoke Greek and refused to speak Egyptian, which is the reason that Greek as well as Egyptian languages were used on official court documents such as the Rosetta Stone. By contrast, Cleopatra did learn to speak Egyptian and represented herself as the reincarnation of an Egyptian goddess, Isis.

Cleopatra originally ruled jointly with her father, Ptolemy XII Auletes, and later with her brothers, Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV, whom she married as per Egyptian custom, but eventually she became sole ruler. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
Cleopatra
Full Name:
Cleopatra VII Philopator
Nationality:
Ptolemaic Kingdom
Ethnicity:
Greeks in Egypt
Religion:
Egyptian mythology
Date of Birth:
, 69 BC
Astrological Sign:
Leo
Age at Death:
39
Cleopatra Timeline
  • 44-09-02
    Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt declares her son co-ruler as Ptolemy XV Caesarion.
  • 31-09-02
    Final war of the Roman Republic: Battle of Actium - off the western coast of Greece, forces of Octavian defeat troops under Mark Antony and Cleopatra.
Cite this page
APA Style

Cleopatra. (2018). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 1:17pm UTC, Aug 17, 2018, from www.historyhop.com/famous-people/cleopatra/bio.

Harvard Style

Cleopatra. [Internet]. 2018. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: www.historyhop.com/famous-people/cleopatra/bio [Accessed 17 Aug 2018].

MLA Style

"Cleopatra." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2018. Web. 17 Aug 2018.

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