Chester A. Arthur Biography

Chester Alan Arthur was the 21st President of the United States; he succeeded James Garfield upon the latter's assassination. At the outset, Arthur struggled to overcome his reputation, stemming from his beginnings in politics as a politician from the New York City Republican political machine. He succeeded by embracing the cause of civil service reform. His advocacy for, and subsequent enforcement of, the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act was the centerpiece of his administration.

Arthur was born in Fairfield, Vermont, but he grew up in upstate New York and practiced law in New York City. He served as quartermaster general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Following the Civil War, he devoted more time to Republican politics and quickly rose in the political machine run by New York Senator Roscoe Conkling. Appointed by President Ulysses S. Grant to the lucrative and politically powerful post of Collector of the Port of New York in 1871, Arthur was an important supporter of Conkling and the Stalwart faction of the Republican Party. In 1878 the new president, Rutherford B. Hayes, fired Arthur as part of a plan to reform the federal patronage system in New York. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
Chester A. Arthur
Nationality:
United States of America
Profession:
Lawyer, Teacher, Politician
Ethnicity:
Scotch-Irish American, White people
Religion:
Episcopal Church
Date of Birth:
October 5, 1829
Astrological Sign:
Libra
Date of Death:
November 18, 1886
Age at Death:
57
Cause of Death:
Stroke
Marriages
Chester A. Arthur Timeline
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Chester A. Arthur. (2018). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 10:54am UTC, Aug 20, 2018, from www.historyhop.com/famous-people/chester-a-arthur/bio.

Harvard Style

Chester A. Arthur. [Internet]. 2018. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: www.historyhop.com/famous-people/chester-a-arthur/bio [Accessed 20 Aug 2018].

MLA Style

"Chester A. Arthur." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2018. Web. 20 Aug 2018.

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