Augustus Caesar Biography

Augustus was the founder of the Roman Empire and its first Emperor, ruling from 27 BC until his death in 14 AD.

He was born Gaius Octavius into an old and wealthy equestrian branch of the plebeian Octavii family. Following the assassination of his maternal great-uncle Julius Caesar in 44 BC, Caesar's will named Octavius as his adopted son and heir. Together with Mark Antony and Marcus Lepidus, he formed the Second Triumvirate to defeat the assassins of Caesar. Following their victory at Philippi, the Triumvirate divided the Roman Republic among themselves and ruled as military dictators. The Triumvirate was eventually torn apart under the competing ambitions of its members: Lepidus was driven into exile and stripped of his position, and Antony committed suicide following his defeat at the Battle of Actium by Augustus in 31 BC.

After the demise of the Second Triumvirate, Augustus restored the outward facade of the free Republic, with governmental power vested in the Roman Senate, the executive magistrates, and the legislative assemblies. In reality, however, he retained his autocratic power over the Republic as a military dictator. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
Augustus Caesar
Full Name:
Gaius Octavius
Nationality:
Roman Republic
Profession:
Roman emperor, Politician
Date of Birth:
September 23, 63 BC
Astrological Sign:
Libra
Date of Death:
August 19, 14 BC
Age at Death:
75
Marriages
  • 38-01-17
    Roman Republican Leader Octavian, later Augustus 1st Roman Emperor, marries Livia Drusilla.
Augustus Caesar Timeline
  • 43-08-19
    Octavian, later known as Augustus, compels the Roman Senate to elect him Consul.
  • 43-11-26
    The Second Triumvirate alliance of Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus ("Octavian", later "Caesar Augustus"), Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, and Mark Antony is formed.
  • 42-10-03
    First Battle of Philippi: Triumvirs Mark Antony and Octavian fight an indecisive battle with Caesar's assassins Brutus and Cassius.
  • 42-10-23
    Roman Republican civil wars: Second Battle of Philippi - Brutus's army is decisively defeated by Mark Antony and Octavian. Brutus commits suicide.
  • 30-08-01
    Octavian (later known as Augustus) enters Alexandria, Egypt, bringing it under the control of the Roman Republic.
  • 27-01-16
    The title Augustus is bestowed upon Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian by the Roman Senate.
Cite this page
APA Style

Augustus Caesar. (2019). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 10:44pm UTC, Dec 12, 2019, from www.historyhop.com/famous-people/augustus-caesar/bio.

Harvard Style

Augustus Caesar. [Internet]. 2019. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: www.historyhop.com/famous-people/augustus-caesar/bio [Accessed 12 Dec 2019].

MLA Style

"Augustus Caesar." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2019. Web. 12 Dec 2019.

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