Arthur Wellesley Biography

Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, KG, GCB, GCH, PC, FRS, was a British soldier and statesman, a native of Ireland from the Anglo-Irish Ascendancy, and one of the leading military and political figures of the 19th century. His importance in national history is such that he is often referred to as "the Duke of Wellington" instead of "the 1st Duke of Wellington".

Wellesley was commissioned as an ensign in the British Army in 1787. Serving in Ireland as aide-de-camp to two successive Lords Lieutenant of Ireland he was also elected as a Member of Parliament in the Irish House of Commons. A colonel by 1796, Wellesley saw action in the Netherlands and in India, where he fought in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War at the Battle of Seringapatam. He was appointed governor of Seringapatam and Mysore in 1799 and as a newly appointed major-general won a decisive victory over the Maratha Confederacy at the Battle of Assaye in 1803.

Wellesley rose to prominence as a general during the Peninsular campaign of the Napoleonic Wars, and was promoted to the rank of field marshal after leading the allied forces to victory against the French at the Battle of Vitoria in 1813. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
Arthur Wellesley
Nationality:
United Kingdom
Profession:
Politician
Ethnicity:
Irish people in Great Britain
Religion:
Anglicanism, Church of England
Date of Birth:
May 1, 1769
Astrological Sign:
Taurus
Date of Death:
September 14, 1852
Age at Death:
83
Marriages
  • 2005-06-03
    Earl of Mornington, Arthur Wellesley (27) weds great-granddaughter of Lord Beaverbrook and model/make-up artist Jemma Kidd (30) in a seaside ceremony on the beach near Sandy Lane Hotel in Barbados
Arthur Wellesley Timeline
  • 1808-08-21
    Battle of Vimeiro: British and Portuguese forces led by General Arthur Wellesley defeat French force under Major-General Jean-Andoche Junot near the village of Vimeiro, Portugal, the first Anglo-Portuguese victory of the Peninsular War.
  • 1812-01-19
    Peninsular War: After a ten day siege, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, orders British soldiers of the Light and third divisions to storm Ciudad Rodrigo.
Cite this page
APA Style

Arthur Wellesley. (2018). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 1:35pm UTC, Jun 18, 2018, from www.historyhop.com/famous-people/arthur-wellesley/bio.

Harvard Style

Arthur Wellesley. [Internet]. 2018. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: www.historyhop.com/famous-people/arthur-wellesley/bio [Accessed 18 Jun 2018].

MLA Style

"Arthur Wellesley." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2018. Web. 18 Jun 2018.

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