Archer John Porter Martin Biography

Archer John Porter Martin, FRS was an English chemist who shared the 1952 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the invention of partition chromatography with Richard Synge.

His father was a GP. Martin was educated at Bedford School and Cambridge University. Working first in the Physical Chemistry Laboratory, he moved to the Dunn Nutritional Laboratory, and in 1938 moved to Wool Industries Research Institution in Leeds. He was head of the Biochemistry Division of Boots Pure Drug Company from 1946 to 1948, when he joined the Medical Research Council. There, he was appointed Head of the Physical Chemistry Division of the National Institute for Medical Research in 1952 and was Chemical Consultant from 1956 to 1959.

He specialised in Biochemistry, in some aspects of Vitamins E and B₂, and in techniques that laid the foundation for chromatography. He developed partition chromatography whilst working on the separation of amino acids, and later developed gas-liquid chromatography. Amongst many other honours, he received his Nobel Prize in 1952.

He published far fewer papers than the typical Nobel winners—only 70 in all—but his 9th paper won the Nobel. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
Archer John Porter Martin
Nationality:
United Kingdom
Profession:
Chemist
Date of Birth:
March 1, 1910
Astrological Sign:
Pisces
Date of Death:
July 28, 2002
Age at Death:
92
Archer John Porter Martin Timeline
  • 1941-06-07
    Chemists Archer John Porter Martin and Richard L. M. Synge give the first demonstration of partition chromatography (separation of mixtures) at a meeting of the Biochemical Society held at the National Institute for Medical Research, Hampstead
  • 1950-10-20
    Chemists Archer John Porter Martin and James Lovelock give the first demonstration of gas chromatography at a meeting of the Biochemical Society. The technique is rapidly adopted by the petrochemical industry.
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Archer John Porter Martin. (2018). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 7:42am UTC, Jun 22, 2018, from www.historyhop.com/famous-people/archer-john-porter-martin/bio.

Harvard Style

Archer John Porter Martin. [Internet]. 2018. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: www.historyhop.com/famous-people/archer-john-porter-martin/bio [Accessed 22 Jun 2018].

MLA Style

"Archer John Porter Martin." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2018. Web. 22 Jun 2018.

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