Andrew Carnegie Biography

Andrew Carnegie was a Scottish American industrialist who led the enormous expansion of the American steel industry in the late 19th century. He was also one of the highest profile philanthropists of his era and had given away almost 90 percent – amounting to, in 1919, $350 million – of his fortune to charities and foundations by the time of his death. His 1889 article proclaiming "The Gospel of Wealth" called on the rich to use their wealth to improve society, and stimulated a wave of philanthropy.

Carnegie was born in Dunfermline, Scotland, and emigrated to the United States with his very poor parents in 1848. Carnegie started as a telegrapher and by the 1860s had investments in railroads, railroad sleeping cars, bridges and oil derricks. He accumulated further wealth as a bond salesman raising money for American enterprise in Europe. He built Pittsburgh's Carnegie Steel Company, which he sold to J.P. Morgan in 1901 for $480 million, creating the U.S. Steel Corporation. Carnegie devoted the remainder of his life to large-scale philanthropy, with special emphasis on local libraries, world peace, education and scientific research. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
Andrew Carnegie
Nationality:
United States of America
Profession:
Entrepreneur, Businessperson, Business magnate
Ethnicity:
Scottish people
Date of Birth:
November 25, 1835
Astrological Sign:
Sagittarius
Date of Death:
August 11, 1919
Age at Death:
83
Cause of Death:
Bronchopneumonia
Marriages
Andrew Carnegie Timeline
Cite this page
APA Style

Andrew Carnegie. (2019). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 11:15am UTC, Dec 16, 2019, from www.historyhop.com/famous-people/andrew-carnegie/bio.

Harvard Style

Andrew Carnegie. [Internet]. 2019. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: www.historyhop.com/famous-people/andrew-carnegie/bio [Accessed 16 Dec 2019].

MLA Style

"Andrew Carnegie." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2019. Web. 16 Dec 2019.

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