Today in History - Deaths - August 23rd

← Jul Sep → August

Deaths | Historical Events | Famous Birthdays | Deaths | Weddings | Divorces

Hop to:
Notable Deaths on August 23rd

2006Ed Warren, American paranormal investigator, dies at 79

1305William Wallace, Scottish patriot, hanged, disemboweled & beheaded at Smithfield London

August 23rd Deaths
Date Event
93
Gnaeus Julius Agricola, Roman Governor of Britain (b. 40) 
634
Aboe Bekr Abd Allah, [al-Siddik], friend/successor of Mohammed and Caliph, dies 
1106
Magnus, Duke of Saxony 
1176
Emperor Rokujo of Japan (b. 1164) 
1305
William Wallace, Scottish patriot, hanged, disemboweled & beheaded at Smithfield London 
1328
Nicolaas Zannekin, leader of rebel Flemish farmers, dies in battle 
1387
King Olav IV of Norway (b. 1370) 
1507
Jean Molinet, Burgundy historian (Chroniques), dies at about 72 
1519
Philibert Berthelier, Swiss patriot 
1540
Guillaume Budé, French scholar 
1591
Luis de Leon, scholar/poet, dies 
1618
Gerbrant A Bredero, poet/playwright (Moortje), dies at 33 
1618
Gerbrand Adraenszoon Bredero, Lucelle 
1628
George Viliers, 1st duke of Buckingham, assassinated by Felton at 36 
1652
John Byron, 1st Baron Byron, English royalist politician (b. 1600) 
1668
Artus Quellinus, Flemish sculptor (Amsterdam townhall), dies 
1706
Colonel Edward Nott, Esq., British Crown Governor of Virginia (b. 1654) 
1723
Antoine Mouque, composer, dies at 64 
1723
Increase Mather, New England Puritan minister (b. 1639) 
1777
Giuseppe Sellitto, composer, dies at 77 
1802
Corona Elizabeth Wilhelmine Schroter, composer, dies at 51 
1806
Charles Augustin de Coulomb, Fren physicist (coulometrie), dies at 70 
1813
Alexander Wilson, Scottish-born ornithologist (b. 1766) 
1819
Oliver Hazard Perry, naval hero, dies on 34th birthday 
1825
Amos Bull, composer, dies at 81 
1831
August WA Grave von Gneisenau, Prussian fieldmarshal, dies at 70 
1831
Ferenc Kazinczy, A bor lelke 
1839
Charles Philippe Lafont, composer, dies at 57 
1853
Alexander Calder, first mayor of Beaumont, Texas (b. 1806) 
1867
Auguste-Marseille Barthélemy, French poet (b. 1796) 
1878
Adolf Fredrik Lindblad, composer, dies at 77 
1892
Deodoro da Fonseca, 1st President of Brazil (b. 1827) 
1898
Joseph Robinson, composer, dies at 82 
1903
Paul J C Gabriel, Dutch water colors painter/etcher, dies at 75 
1914
Felix Fivet, Belgian baby, executed by German troops at 3 weeks 
1914
George A Pogson, British consul in Puerto Rico, dies 
1925
Heinrich Berte, April Blossoms 
1926
Rudolph Valentino, silent movie idol (Sheik), dies in NY at 31 
1926
Zsigmond Gere, Soldiers of the Emperor 
1926
Rudolph Valentino, The Son of the Sheik 
1927
Nicola Sacco & Bartolomeo Vanzetti, executed in Mass 
1927
Bartolomeo Vanzetti,  
1929
Charles Van de Woestijne, Flemish writer/poet (God on Sea), dies 
1932
John Craig, Silence 
1933
Adolph Loos, Austrian architect, dies at 62 
1933
Marie Cahill, When Betty Bets 
1934
Hotei Nomura, Yôfu gonin onna - Dai yonhen: Okusama Ochie 
1935
Ivan Hedqvist, Johan Ulfstjerna 
1937
Albert Charles Paul Marie Roussel, composer, dies at 68 
1937
Albert Roussel, Sitcom 
1938
Frank Hawks, The Mysterious Pilot 
1938
Jean Hathaway, The Tornado 
1939
Sidney Coe Howard, playwright (Silver Cord, Pulitzer 1925), dies at 48 
1939
Margaret Whistler, A Beach Nut 
1939
Sidney Howard, Gone with the Wind 
1939
Gyula Csermely, Wedding in Toprin 
1941
Jack O'Connor, cricketer (four Tests for Aust 1908-09, 13 wkts), dies 
1941
Wilmer Walter, The Fair Pretender 
1941
James May, It Happened in Hollywood 
1942
Hans Löhr, Emil und die Detektive 
1942
Louis Natheaux, Weary River 
1943
Johann P Zilcher, German composer, dies at 88 
1944
Nikolay Andreyevich Roslavets, composer, dies at 63 
1945
Walter Blaufuss, Bosko's Woodland Daze 
1947
Hasmik Agopyan, The Power of Evil 
1947
Alexander Esway, Mauvaise graine 
1948
Jessie Wessel, Ådalens poesi 
1949
Betty Mudge, Hollywood Barn Dance 
1950
Emmy Worm-Müller, Bondefangeri i Vaterland 
1951
Hilda Pihlajamäki, Aila, Pohjolan tytär 
1952
Claire Lotto, Die Tragödie der Entehrten 
1952
Manuel Luís Vieira, O Fauno das Montanhas 
1952
Sári Déry, Everybody Loves Someone Else 
1953
O.M. Steiger, Swiss Miss 
1954
Erik Henning-Jensen, Livet paa Hegnsgaard 
1955
Reginald Tate, British actor (b. 1896) 
1955
Lew Strohm, The Bad Man of Brimstone 
1955
Reginald Tate, The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp 
1955
Hulda Keskinen, Kun isä tahtoo... 
1956
... Kennedy, daughter of future Pres Kennedy, dies same day 
1956
Stig Roland, 08/15 at Home 
1956
Felisa Mary, Little Teacher of Workmen 
1957
Lille Bror Söderlundh, Rasmus and the Vagabond 
1957
Karl Leiter, Das Ferienkind 
1958
Martin du Gard, writer, dies 
1958
Roger Martin du Gard, The Thibaults 
1959
Magda Bäumken, Das Herrschaftskind 
1959
George Spaulding, The Man Who Couldn't Remember 
1959
Tiffany Thayer, Thirteen Women 
1960
Oscar Hammerstein II, Broadway librettist, dies at 65 
1960
Frank Weixel, A Streetcar Named Desire 
1960
Oscar Hammerstein II, American Beauty 
1961
Joseph Jay Bamberger, A Sheffield Blade 
1962
Hoot Gibson, silent screen cowboy actor (Last Outlaw), dies at 70 
1962
Irving Fine, composer (Toccata), dies at 47 
1962
Walter Anderson, German folklorist (b. 1885) 
1963
Glen Gray, American jazz musician and leader of the Casa Loma Orchestra (b. 1900) 
1963
Mary Gordon, Bride of Frankenstein 
1963
Boris Svoboda, Spring 
1963
Glen Gray, Angel Heart 
1964
Karl Schnog, Les Misérables 
1965
John Bata, Czech shoe manufacturer, dies at 67 
1966
Francis Xavier Bushman, actor (Ben-Hur), dies at 83 
1966
Richard E. Byers, The Blood of Jesus 
1967
Georges Berger, Belgian racing driver (b. 1918) 
1970
Nel Rose, dancer, dies at 55 
1971
Gisela Hernandez Gonzalo, composer, dies at 58 
1971
Oliver F McGowan, actor (Banning, Stagecoach), dies at 64 
1971
The original Shamu, Sea World orca 
1972
Balis Dvarionas, composer, dies at 68 
1974
Roberto Assagioli, Italian psychiatrist (b. 1888) 
1975
Hank Patterson, actor (Fred Ziffel-Green Acres), dies at 87 
1976
Vladimir Roudenko, Napoleon 
1977
Sebastian Cabot, actor (Giles French-Family Affair), dies at 59 
1978
Gori Muñoz, The Bastard 
1978
Agustín Isunza, El Topo 
1979
Mian Mohammad Saeed, cricketer (1st Pakistan capt 1948-49), dies 
1979
Richard Hearne, actor (Capt Horatio Hornblower), dies at 70 
1979
William Maybery, Witness for the Prosecution 
1979
Milos Willig, Adelheid 
1979
Stefan Pejchev, Stars 
1980
Norman Shelley, English radio actor (Churchill's Speech), dies at 77 
1980
Della Peterson, The Lucky Duck 
1980
Will van Deeg, Räuberische Erpressung 
1981
Josefin Kipper, So ein Affentheater 
1981
Sándor Zákonyi, Age of Illusions 
1981
Jirina Sejbalová, Vlcí jáma 
1981
Rolf Herricht, Beloved White Mouse 
1982
Alberto Cavalcanti, Brazilian director (Herr Puntila), dies at 85 
1982
Stanford Moore, US biochemist (Nobel 1977), dies 
1982
Duke Taylor, The Painted Stallion 
1982
Alberto Cavalcanti, Dead of Night 
1983
Jadwiga Baronówna, Wielka milosc Balzaka 
1984
Freddie Steele, Story of G.I. Joe 
1984
Antonio Maida, Joven, viuda y estanciera 
1984
Vilmos Mendelényi, The Bells Have Gone to Rome 
1984
Norbert Kappen, Kidnap - Die Entführung des Lindbergh-Babys 
1985
Lou Seitz, Die Ratten 
1985
Aleksandr Titov, Andrei Rublev 
1986
Charles Janssens, Belgian actor (Mira, Malpertuis), dies at 80 
1986
Mikhail Kuznetsov, Ivan the Terrible, Part I 
1986
Jacques Muller, La regrettable absence de Terry Monaghan 
1986
Rosita Díaz Gimeno, Pepita Jiménez 
1986
José Estrada, Los cacos 
1986
Adrienne Fazan, Singin' in the Rain 
1986
Charles Janssens, Malpertuis 
1986
Richárd Bogár, Csudapest 
1986
Clement Baptista, The Golden Leaf 
1986
Pete Daily, Rhythm Inn 
1986
Pete Dailey, Challenge the Wilderness 
1986
Marvin Hatley, Way Out West 
1986
Donald Keyes, Roy J. Battersby, New York Reporter 
1987
Siegfried Borris, composer, dies at 80 
1987
Didier Pironi, French racing car driver (b. 1952) 
1987
Kei Wakasugi, Eden no umi 
1987
Sheila van Damm, Mrs Henderson Presents 
1987
Siegfried Borries, Der träumende Mund 
1988
Gerald Drayson Adams, Kissin' Cousins 
1988
Romeo De Santis Jr., Stand by Me 
1988
Menoti del Picchia, Mandacaru 
1988
Jack Sher, Shane 
1988
Larry Boelens, She's Having a Baby 
1988
Georg Peter-Pilz, In der Sache J. Robert Oppenheimer 
1989
Helen le Clerq, Dutch dancer, dies 
1989
R. D. Laing, Scottish psychiatrist (anti-psychiatry), dies of a heart attack at 61 
1989
Yusef Hawkins, shot by 30 whites in Bensonhurst because he's black 
1989
Mohammed Abed Elhai, Sudanese writer and academic (b. 1944) 
1989
Mladen Todic, The Battle of Kosovo 
1989
Aristide Caporale, The Name of the Rose 
1989
Bobby Baum, The Jury Story 
1989
Afif Yesari, Derdimden anlayan yok 
1989
R.D. Laing, Asylum 
1990
David Rose, composer (Holiday for Strings, Stripper), dies at 80 
1990
Sergio Magaña Hidalgo, The Distant Wind 
1990
David Rose, Hombre 
1990
John Stalker, Welcome to Our Branch Office 
1990
Antolín García, Rimas populares 
1990
Omero Tognon, Sunday Heroes 
1991
Florence B Seibert, bio-chemist (TB), dies at 93 
1991
Anne Caudry, L'allégement 
1991
Innes Lloyd, An Englishman Abroad 
1991
McClure Capps, Jack and the Beanstalk 
1991
Lodge Cunningham, From Here to Eternity 
1991
Hollis Barnes, The Men 
1991
Ágnes Nemes Nagy, Bors néni 
1992
Malcolm Atterbury, actor (7 Days in May, Wild River), dies at 85 
1992
Virginia Sale-Wren, entertainer, dies of heart failure at 92 
1992
Wayne McLaren, Marlboro Man, dies of lung cancer at 51 
1992
Elisaveta, Elvis! Elvis! 
1992
Virginia Sale, Topper 
1992
Ed Hubbell, Singin' in the Rain 
1992
Charles A. Nichols, Charlotte's Web 
1993
Charles Scorsese, actor (Cape Fear, Goodfellas, Wise Guys), dies at 80 
1993
Edwina Lewis, actress (Boy Who Cried Bitch), dies of heart attack 42 
1993
Victorine Hefting, historian/wife of Bert Baker, dies at 88 
1993
Elli Jessen-Somann, Geschwister 
1993
Edwina Lewis, The Boy Who Cried Bitch 
1993
Gregory Gaye, Ninotchka 
1993
Charles Scorsese, Goodfellas 
1994
Henri Rousselot, admiral, dies at 82 
1994
Paolo Volponi, Italian communist/author (Machina Mondiale), dies at 70 
1994
Rabah Stambouli, Algerian sociologist/politician, murdered at 65 
1994
Richard Jock Kinneir, graphic designer, dies at 77 
1994
Paul Toothill, Episode One 
1994
Zoltán Fábri, The Fifth Seal 
1994
Paolo Volponi, Mamma Roma 
1994
Aleksandr Shvorin, The Cranes Are Flying 
1995
Alfred Eisenstaedt, photojournalist, dies at 96 
1995
Arthur Holt, politician, dies at 81 
1995
Dwayne Rudolph Goettel, musician, dies at 31 
1995
Hedda J Garza, writer/political activist, dies at 66 
1995
James Pilditch, designer, dies at 66 
1995
Johnny Carey, soccer star, dies at 76 
1995
Vincent Gordon Lindsay White, tycoon, dies at 72 
1995
Leslie Graves, Piranha Part Two: The Spawning 
1995
Loretta Daye, A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court 
1995
Johan Bergenstråhle, Made in Sweden 
1995
Khalil Bezaleel, In the Heat of the Night 
1995
Georgette Hagedoorn, Aflevering 7 
1995
Dwayne R. Goettel, An American Werewolf in Paris 
1996
Jurriaan Andriessen, The Assault 
1996
Bamlet Lawrence Price Jr., One Way Ticket to Hell 
1996
Anne Lloyd, Episode #1.749 
1997
Eric Gairy, first PM of Grenada (1974-79), dies at 75 
1997
Elena Mayorova, Makarov 
1997
Kurt Houston, Night Walk: A Bedtime Story 
1997
Ruth Storey, In Cold Blood 
1998
Norma Drew, Fast and Furious 
1998
Rolf Søder, The Chasers 
1998
Big Jeff Bess, A Face in the Crowd 
1999
Norman Wexler, American screenwriter (b.1926) 
1999
James White, Northern Irish writer (b. 1928) 
1999
Steven Bernhardt, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid 
1999
Martha Rountree, Meet the Press 
1999
Andrey Chaprazov, Golemanov 
1999
Norman Wexler, Serpico 
1999
James White,  
1999
Norman Howell Sr., The Cowboys 
1999
Desmond Flynn, Sanctuary 
2000
John Anthony Kaiser, Roman Catholic priest (b. 1932) 
2000
Margot Höpfner, Fronttheater 
2000
Monica Grey, The Mark 
2000
Mieczyslaw Surwillo, Pani Bovary to ja 
2000
Betty Blue, Not Tonight Henry 
2000
Milivoje Tomic, The Marathon Family 
2000
Marjorie Woodworth, Flying with Music 
2000
Bond Blackman, Trauma 
2001
Kathleen Freeman, American actress (b. 1919) 
2001
Peter Maas, American novelist (b. 1929) 
2001
Gregers Wiboe, Lyssky transport gennem Danmark 
2001
Leo Kharibian, Monty Python and the Holy Grail 
2001
Peter Maas, Serpico 
2001
Kathleen Freeman, Shrek 
2001
Petar Cvejic, Around the World in 80 Days 
2001
Manolita Saval, María Eugenia 
2002
Hoyt Wilhelm, American baseball player (b. 1922) 
2002
Shirley Slater, The Candidate 
2002
Hoyt Wilhelm, Greats of the Game 
2002
Marnie Rose, Houston Medical 
2002
Vladimír Svitácek, A Pound on Demand 
2002
Wayne Simmons, Super Bowl XXXI 
2002
Dennis Fimple, House of 1000 Corpses 
2002
Martin Slivka, Voda a praca 
2003
Jack Dyer, Australian rules footballer (b. 1913) 
2003
John Geoghan, American Catholic priest (b. 1935) 
2003
Bobby Bonds, American baseball player and manager (b. 1946) 
2003
Tom Falk, Westworld 
2003
Chuck Stubbs, They Shall Have Music 
2003
Brian de Benedictis, What Alice Found 
2003
Bobby Bonds, Willie Mays 
2003
Marion Hargrove, The Music Man 
2003
Wieslaw Grabek, Sól ziemi czarnej 
2003
Hy Anzell, Annie Hall 
2003
Christian Leonhardt, Seven Servants 
2004
Ted Trimmer, Deborah Kerr: Getting to Know Her 
2004
Robert David Lion Gardiner, Episode #7.3 
2004
Raeanin Simpson, Little Heroes 
2004
Boris Ardov, Podzemnyy perekhod 
2004
Hank Borowy,  
2004
Michio Yamamoto, Lake of Dracula 
2005
Brock Peters, American actor (b. 1927) 
2005
Ninjalicious, Canadian author and urban explorer (b. 1973) 
2005
Glenn Corneille, Nationaal songfestival 
2005
Brock Peters, To Kill a Mockingbird 
2006
Maynard Ferguson, Canadian jazz trumpeter and bandleader (b. 1928) 
2006
Ed Warren, American paranormal investigator, dies at 79 
2006
Marie Tharp, The Incredible Discovery of Noah's Ark 
2006
John Martin, Atlanta 
2006
Keiroku Seki, Am I Trying 
2006
Hope Pomerance, Happiness 
2006
Lucio De Santis, And God Said to Cain 
2006
Colin Forbes, Avalanche Express 
2006
Jarmila Lhotová, Starý hrích 
2006
Todd Taylor, Dumb & Dumber 
2006
Ed Warren, Amityville: The Haunting 
2006
Maynard Ferguson, Maynard Ferguson: Live - At the Top 
2006
George Adrian, To Catch a Thief 
2007
Robert Symonds, American actor (b. 1926) 
2007
Kurt Hübner, Death Is My Trade 
2007
Martti Pokela, Piis, piis, pikkulintu 
2007
Steven Kozlowski, Good Will Hunting 
2007
Faruk Begolli, The Dervish and Death 
2007
Allen Emerson, Shipment to Beirut 
2007
Juko Nishimura, Ôgon no inu 
2007
Robert Symonds, The Exorcist 
2008
John Russell, British-born American art critic and author 
2008
Douglas Sebern, Northfork 
2008
Ruth Cohen, The Gum 
2008
Howard Baugh, Silver Wings & Civil Rights: The Fight to Fly 
2008
Jimmy Cleveland, Thelonious Monk: Straight, No Chaser 
2009
Alfredo Mariotti, Don Pasquale 
2009
Ryan Jenkins, Billion Dollar Doggie 
2009
Maurice Régamey, Crazy in the Noodle 
2010
Carlos Mendo, Operación Flecha Rota 
2010
Colette Koo, Let's Love Hong Kong 
2010
Natalie Nevins, Lawrence Welk's TV Treasures 
2010
James Fawcett, Farrah's Story 
2010
Kihachiro Kawamoto, Kataku 
2010
George David Weiss, Ace Ventura: Pet Detective 
2010
James S. Appleby, The Great Waldo Pepper 
2010
Lothar Loewe, Hart an der Grenze 
2010
David McElhatton, Thief of Hearts 
2010
Vidoje Vujovic, Osisana glava 
2010
Tito Burns, Dont Look Back 
2011
Jane Margaret Truesdell, Thus Saith the Lord 
2011
Blanka Vikusová, Ohnostroj v Aspern 
2011
William Coyman, The Cider House Rules 
2011
Sybil Jason, The Little Princess 
2011
Dianne Wager, The Green Mile 
2011
Russell Latham, The Young and the Restless 
2011
Frank Potenza, Episode #4.269 
2011
June Wayne, Four Stones for Kanemitsu 
2011
Valérie Leblanc, Chère Val 
2012
Steve Van Buren, American Hall of Fame NFL halfback, dies from pneumonia at 91 
2012
Jerry Nelson, American puppeteer, dies from prostate cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease at 78 
2012
James Fogle, Drugstore Cowboy 
2012
Steve Van Buren, Triple Threat 
2012
Jean-Luc Delarue, Couples: comment rompre sans tout casser? 
2012
Edith Mastenbroek, Episode dated 20 December 2000 
2012
Robert Schuch, Kill Me Again 
2012
Jerry Nelson, The Muppet Movie 
2012
Byard Lancaster, Pipes of Peace 
2012
Zakir Mukhamedzhanov, General Rakhimov 
2013
William Glasser, American psychiatrist, dies from respiratory failure from pneumonia at 88 
2013
David Garrick, English singer, dies at 67 
2013
Piet Balfoort, Episode #2.5 
2013
Francisco Sánchez, The Tiger of Santa Julia 
2013
Charles Lisanby, Night of 100 Stars 
2013
Gilbert Taylor, Star Wars 
2013
Wadim Jussow, Episode #1.1 
2013
Vadim Yusov, Solaris 
2013
David Garrick, Episode #1.14 
2013
Álvaro Bultó, Episode #2.90 
2013
William Glasser, Psychiatry: An Industry of Death 
2013
Bea Silvern, The Competition 
2013
Konstanty Miodowicz, Cierpkie glogi 
2014
Birgitta Stenberg, Just Once More 
2014
Florian Flicker, Hold-Up 
2014
Cesare Giorgetti, Cinema Universale d'Essai 
2014
Michael B. Katz, The Orphan Trains 
2014
Inga Juuso, Bázo 
2014
John Gigacz, Supermarket Musical Massacre: The Feel-Good Homicide of the Century! 
2015
Joel Fort, Getting High 
2015
Paul Royle, The Great Escape: The Reckoning 
2015
Guy Ligier, Grand Prix 
2015
Jerzy Kamas, Kratka 
2015
Carola Leyton, Episode dated 4 December 2008 
2016
Jazz harmonica great Toots Thielemans dies at 94 in Belgium 
2016
Former Singapore President SR Nathan Dies Aged 92 
2017
Tony de Brum, champion of Paris climate agreement, dies aged 72 
2017
Creator of transgender symbol Holly Boswell dies age 66 
2017
Former NASCAR driver Shane Sieg dies at the age of 34 
2017
Ball State Basketball Player Zach Hollywood Dies at Age 19 
Keep in touch with us:
beta testing:

nothing here now


Today in history calendar
January 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
February 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29
March 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
April 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
May 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
June 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
July 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
August 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
September 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
October 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
November 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
December 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31