History Hop Tags - Philosopher

Philosopher
Philosopher - Notable Historical Events

Blaise PascalNov 23, 1654

Jean-Paul SartreOct 22, 1964

J. K. RowlingJun 26, 1997

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Philosopher - Historical Events
Date Event
585

Solar eclipse, as predicted by Greek philosopher Thales, while Lydians under Alyattes war with the Medes under Cyaxares, leading to a truce. One of the cardinal dates from which other dates calculated.

BC
AD
399-02-15

Philosopher Socrates sentenced to death by the city of Athens for corrupting the minds of the youth and of impiety

1600-02-17

Philosopher Giordano Bruno is burned alive at Campo de' Fiori in Rome, charged of heresy.

1654-11-23

French mathematician, scientist, and religious philosopher Blaise Pascal experiences an intense, mystical vision that marks him for life.

1964-10-22

French philosopher/author Jean-Paul Sartre refuses Nobel prize

1977-08-23

Marxist philosopher Rudolf Bahro imprisoned in German DR

1997-06-26

Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone is published, the first instalment of the best selling series by J. K. Rowling

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Philosopher - Notable Birthdays

ConfuciusSep 28, -551

CiceroJan 3, -106

Thomas HobbesApr 5, 1588

John LockeAug 29, 1632

William PennOct 14, 1644

VoltaireNov 21, 1694

Jonathan EdwardsOct 5, 1703

David HumeApr 26, 1711

Denis DiderotOct 5, 1713

Marquis de SadeJun 2, 1740

Marquis de CondorcetSep 17, 1743

Johann Wolfgang von GoetheAug 28, 1749

Friedrich von SchellingJan 27, 1775

Ralph Waldo EmersonMay 25, 1803

John Stuart MillMay 20, 1806

Karl MarxMay 5, 1818

William JamesJan 11, 1842

Friedrich NietzscheOct 15, 1844

John DeweyOct 20, 1859

Karl PopperJul 28, 1902

Philosopher - Birthdays
Date Event
551

Confucius, Chinese philosopher (founder of Confucianism), (d. 479 BC)

106

Cicero, Roman statesman and philosopher (d. 43 BC)

BC
AD
1048-05-18

Omar Khayyám, Persian mathematician, poet and philosopher (d. 1131)

1135-03-30

Maimonedes, philosopher (d. 1204)

1165-07-28

Ibn al-'Arabi, Muslim mystic/philosopher

1213-06-10

Fakhruddin 'Iraqi, Persian philosopher

1433-10-19

Marsilio Ficino, Italian philosopher (d. 1499)

1463-10-29

Alessandro Achillini, Italian physician/philosopher

1502-02-02

Damião de Góis, Portuguese philosopher (d. 1574)

1519-06-06

Andrea Cesalpino, Italian philosopher and botanist (d. 1603)

1533-02-28

Michel de Montaigne, France, essayist/philosopher

1547-03-01

Rudolph Goclenius, German philosopher (d. 1628)

1550-12-22

Cesare Cremonini, Italian philosopher (d. 1631)

1552-08-14

Fra Paolo Sarpi, [Paulus Venetus], expert/philosopher

1568-09-05

Tommaso Campanella, Italian theologian, philosopher, and poet (d. 1639)

1583-03-03

Edward Herbert of Cherbury, English military/philosopher

1588-04-05

Thomas Hobbes, Westport England, philosopher (Leviathan)

1588-09-08

Marin Mersenne, France, mathematician/musician/philosopher (Cartesian)

1588-12-10

Isaac Beeckman, Dutch scientist and philosopher (d. 1637)

1592-01-22

Pierre Gassendi, Champtercier Provence, scientist/philosopher

1596-03-31

René Descartes, France, philosopher (he thought, therefore he was)

1613-04-06

Stjepan Gradić, Croatian philosopher and scientist (d. 1683)

1622-02-24

Johannes Clauberg, German theologian and philosopher (d. 1665)

1623-05-27

William Petty, English scientist and philosopher (d. 1687)

1624-01-30

Arnold Geulincx, South Netherland, philosopher (About Virtue)

1631-12-14

Anne Conway, Viscountess Conway, English philosopher (d. 1679)

1632-08-29

John Locke, Wrington England, empiricist philosopher; disproved substance

1632-11-24

Baruch "Benedict" de Spinoza, Amsterdam, rationalist philosopher

1638-08-06

Nicolas de Malebranche, French philosopher

1644-10-14

William Penn, English Philosopher, Quaker and founder of Pennsylvania (d. 1718)

1646-07-01

G W Leibniz, German mathematician/philosopher; postulated monads

1647-11-08

Pierre Bayle, French/Neth theologist/philosopher/writer

1659-03-26

William Wollaston, Coton England, philosopher

1661-05-25

Claude Buffier, French philosopher and historian (d. 1737)

1662-12-13

Francesco Bianchini, Italian philosopher and scientist (d. 1729)

1668-06-23

Giambattista Vico, Italian philosopher and historian (d. 1744)

1670-11-30

John Toland, Irish philosopher (d. 1722)

1671-02-26

Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury, English politician and philosopher (d. 1713)

1675-10-11

Samuel Clarke, English philosopher (d. 1729)

1676-07-21

Anthony Collins, English philosopher (A discourse on free-thinking)

1678-09-16

Henry St John, English statesman and philosopher (d. 1751)

1679-01-24

Christian von Wolff, German philosopher

1683-03-13

John Theophilus Desaguliers, French-British philosopher (d. 1744)

1685-03-12

George Berkeley, Ireland, philosopher/bishop of Cloyne

1686-08-12

John Balguy, English philosopher (d. 1748)

1689-01-18

Charles de Montesquieu, France, philosopher/writer (Letters Persanes)

1692-05-28

Joseph Butler, English philosopher (d. 1752)

1694-08-08

Francis Hutcheson, Irish philosopher (d. 1746)

1694-11-21

Voltaire, [Francois-Marie Arouet], France, writer, essayist, philosopher and playwright (Candide) (d. 1778)

1694-12-22

Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and writer (d. 1768)

1703-10-05

Jonathan Edwards, East Windsor, Connecticut Colony, Christian preacher, philosopher, and theologian (Original Sin)

1705-08-30

David Hartley, English philosopher (d. 1757)

1706-11-08

Johann Ulrich von Cramer, German judge and philosopher (d. 1772)

1709-07-20

James Harris, philosopher

1710-04-26

Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher (d. 1796)

1711-04-26

David Hume, Edinburgh, Scottish philosopher and historian (A Treatise of Human Nature)

1711-08-05

Johan Lulofs, Dutch physicist/philosopher/astronomer

1713-05-06

Charles Batteux, French philosopher (d. 1780)

1713-09-18

Jean Allamand, French theologist/natural philosopher

1713-10-05

Denis Diderot, Langres, France, enlightenment philosopher (Encyclopédie), (d. 1784)

1715-01-10

Christian August Crusius, German philosopher and theologian (d. 1775)

1715-01-26

Claude Helvetius, Paris France, philosopher

1715-09-30

Étienne Bonnot de Condillac, French philosopher (d. 1780)

1721-12-27

Franciscus "French" Hemsterhuis, Frisian philosopher

1723-02-23

Richard Price, Welsh philosopher (d. 1791)

1724-04-22

Immanuel Kant, Konigsberg Germ, philosopher (Critique of Pure Reason)

1728-12-02

Ferdinando Galiani, Italian economist/philosopher/diplomat

1729-09-06

Mozes Mendelssohn, German englightened philosopher (Haksalah)

1729-09-26

Moses Mendelssohn, philosopher/critic/Bible translator

1731-12-12

Erasmus Darwin, Newark-on-Trent, U.K., influential English physician, poet, philosopher, and botanist (and grandfather of Charles Darwin)

1733-07-22

Mikhail Shcherbatov, Russian philosopher and writer (d. 1790)

1735-10-25

James Beattie, Scotland, poet/philosopher (Essay on Truth)

1735-10-30

John Adams, Thomas Jefferson: Philosopher of Freedom

1736-09-16

Johann N Tetens, German/Danish philosopher/mathematician

1740-06-02

Marquis de Sade, Paris, French philosopher and writer (Justine). The words sadism and sadist are derived from his name.

1741-11-15

Johann C Lavater, Swiss vicar/philosopher

1743-09-17

Marquis de Condorcet, Aisn France, enlightenment philosopher (Condorcet Method), (d. 1794)

1744-08-25

Johann G von Herder, German philosopher/theologist/poet

1748-02-15

Jeremy Bentham, London England philosopher/originator (Utilitarian)

1749-08-28

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Frankfurt, social philosopher (Faust), (d. 1832)

1753-12-19

John Taylor, Virginia, philosopher (Jeffersonian Democracy)

1753-12-22

Dugald Stewart, Edinburgh Scot, philosopher (Scottish common sense)

1754-07-20

Destutt de Tracy, French philosopher (d. 1836)

1756-03-03

William Godwin, philosopher/political writer (Caleb Williams)

1756-11-27

Paul van Hemert, Dutch theologist/philosopher (Kant)

1757-10-26

Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Austrian philosopher (d. 1823)

1762-05-19

Johann G Fichte German philosopher (Wissenschaftslehre)

1763-06-21

Pierre P Royer-Collard, French attorney/philosopher

1764-01-01

John Kinker, Dutch linguist/philosopher/poet (Minderjarige Zangster)

1765-03-27

Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher/theologist

1766-04-15

Friedrich Bouterwek, German philosopher/critic

1767-06-22

Wilhelm von Humboldt, German philosopher and statesman (d. 1835)

1768-11-21

Friedrich Schleiermacher, German theologist/philosopher

1770-08-27

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, German philosopher/inventor (dialectic)

1773-04-06

James Mill, Scotland, philosopher/historian (Hist of British India)

1773-05-02

Henrik Steffens, Norwegian philosopher (d. 1845)

1773-08-23

Jakob F Fries, German philosopher

1775-01-27

Friedrich von Schelling, Germany, philosopher (Views on Christianity)

1775-04-22

Georg Hermes, German philosopher/theologist (Hermenianen)

1776-05-04

Johann Friedrich Herbart, Germany, philosopher/psychologist

1781-05-04

Karl Christian Friedrich Krause, German philosopher (d. 1832)

1781-10-05

Bernard Bolzano, Czech mathematician and philosopher (d. 1848)

1783-09-08

Nicolai Grundtvig, Danish writer and philosopher (d. 1872)

1788-02-22

Arthur Schopenhauer, Germany, philosopher (Great Pessimist)

1789-01-03

Carl G Carus, German physician/psychologist/philosopher

1792-11-28

Victor Cousin, French philosopher/minister of Education

1794-05-24

William Whewell, British philosopher (History of Inductive Science)

1797-03-24

Antonio Rosmini-Serbati, philosopher/founder (Institute of Charity)

1797-07-18

Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher (d. 1879)

1798-01-19

Auguste Comte, philosopher/founder (sociology & positivism)

1801-04-19

Gustav T Fechner, [Dr Mises], German philosopher/physicist

1801-08-28

Antoine A Cournot, French philosopher/mathematician (rule of Cournot)

1802-02-04

Mark Hopkins, US, educator/philosopher (Williams College)

1802-02-16

Phineas Parkhurst Quimby, American philosopher (d. 1866)

1802-09-13

Arnold Ruge, German philosopher and writer (d. 1880)

1803-05-25

Ralph Waldo Emerson, Boston Massachusetts, American essayist/philosopher (Concord Hymn)

1803-08-13

Vladimir Odoevsky, Russian philosopher and writer (d. 1869)

1804-07-28

Ludwig A Feuerbach, German philosopher (Man is what he eats)

1805-03-16

Peter Ernst von Lasaulx, German philosopher and writer (d. 1861)

1806-02-22

Józef Kremer, Polish messianistic philosopher (d. 1875)

1806-04-03

Ivan Kireevsky, Russian literary critic and philosopher (d. 1856)

1806-04-29

Earnest Freiherr von Feuchtersleben, Austria, physician/philosopher

1806-05-20

John Stuart Mill, UK, philosopher/political economist/Utilitarian

1806-10-25

Max Stirner, [Johann C Schmidt], German philosopher (Der Einzige)

1807-06-30

Friedrich T Vischer, German philosopher/writer (Auch einer)

1808-01-19

Lysander Spooner, American philosopher (d. 1887)

1808-07-21

Simion Bărnuţiu, Romanian philosopher and politician (d. 1864)

1813-05-05

Søren Kierkegaard, Danish philosopher (d. 1855)

1815-01-01

Charles Renouvier, French philosopher (neocriticism)

1816-07-14

Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher (d. 1882)

1818-05-05

Karl Marx, Trier, Prussia, philosopher (Communist Manifesto, Das Kapital), (d. 1883)

1820-04-27

Herbert Spencer, Derby England, Victorian philosopher (Social Statics)

1820-09-28

Freidrich Engels, German social philosopher

1820-11-28

Friedrich Engels, Germany, social philosopher; Marx's collaborator

1823-02-28

Ernest Renan, French philosopher/historian/scholar of religion

1824-03-29

Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician (d. 1899)

1828-04-21

Hippolyte Taine, French philosopher/historian (Voyage in Italy)

1828-07-12

Nikolai Chernyshevsky, Russian philosopher (d. 1889)

1828-09-28

Friedrich A Lange, Prussia, philosopher/socialist (Neo-Kantianism)

1830-03-30

Julius F A Bahnsen, German philosopher

1831-04-08

Allard Pierson, Dutch theologiost/philosopher/art historian/poet

1832-08-16

Wilhelm Wundt, German physiologist/psychologist/philosopher

1833-11-19

Wilhelm Dilthey, German philosopher (Das Leben Schleiermans)

1838-01-16

Franz Brentano, German philosopher and psychologist (d. 1917)

1838-02-18

Ernst Mach, Chirlitz-Turas Austria, physicist/philosopher/psychologist

1838-05-31

Henry Sidgwick, English philosopher (Wife at University)

1839-09-10

Charles Peirce, American philosopher (d. 1914)

1840-02-25

Otto Liebmann, German philosopher (Climax of Theories)

1842-01-11

William James, New York City New York, American psychologist/philosopher (Pragmatism)

1842-02-23

Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (d. 1906)

1842-03-30

John Fiske, [Edmund Fisk Green], US historian/philosopher

1843-11-19

Richard Avenarius, German philosopher (d. 1896)

1844-10-15

Friedrich Nietzsche, Röcken bei Lützen, Prussia, German philosopher (Beyond Good and Evil), (d. 1900)

1845-01-07

Paul Deusen, German philosopher (Schopenhauer-Gesellschaft)

1845-08-10

Abai Qunanbaiuli, Kazakh poet, composer and philosopher (d. 1904)

1846-01-05

Rudolf Christoph Eucken, Germany, Idealist philosopher (Nobel 1908)

1846-01-30

Francis H Bradley, British philosopher (neo-idealism)

1847-02-25

John Watson, Canada, philosopher (Objective Idealism)

1847-10-01

Annie Besant, [Wood], England, philosopher (Esoteric christianity)

1848-06-24

Brooks Adams, US philosopher (Theory of Social Revolutions)

1849-12-22

Fritz Mauthner, Bohemia, German author/philosopher (skepticism)

1850-02-28

Hermann Schell, German theologist/philosopher (Gott und Geist)

1851-11-21

Desire J Mercier, Belgian philosopher/cardinal

1852-09-25

Hans Vaihinger, German philosopher (Nietzsche Philosophy)

1853-01-16

Vladimir Sergeyevich Solovyov, Russian philosopher (d. 1900)

1854-04-29

Henri Poincaré, France, mathematician/astronomer/philosopher

1854-06-09

Gerardus J P J Bolland, Dutch philosopher (Bolland Society)

1855-11-10

Josiah Royce, US, philosopher (conception of God)

1857-04-19

Lucien Levy-Bruhl, philosopher

1858-03-01

Georg Simmel, German philosopher/sociologist

1858-08-01

Paul Barth, German philosopher/sociologist

1859-01-06

Samuel Alexander, English philosopher (Moral order & progress)

1859-04-08

Edmund Husserl, Germany, philosopher (founded Phenomenology)

1859-10-18

Henri Bergson, France, philosopher (Creative Evolution-Nobel 1927)

1859-10-20

John Dewey, philosopher, educational theorist/writer (Learn by doing)

1860-12-25

Manuel Dimech, Maltese philosopher and social reformer (d. 1921)

1861-01-12

James Mark Baldwin, Columbia South Carolina, American Philosopher and Psychologist

1861-02-15

Alfred North Whitehead, Engl mathematician/philosopher (Adv of Ideas)

1861-06-10

Pierre M M Duhem, French naturalist/philosopher/historian

1862-07-24

Johan A de Sleeve, [Adwaita], philosopher/classical/poet (Brahman)

1863-01-31

F Henri Berz, French existensialist philosopher (Revue the Synthesis)

1863-12-16

George Santayana, Spain, philosopher/poet/humanist (Last Puritan)

1864-08-16

Ferdinand C S Schiller, British philosopher (Riddles of the Sphinx)

1864-09-29

Miguel de Unamuno Jugo, Bilbao Spain, philosopher (Ensayos, Teatro)

1866-02-16

Vyacheslav I Ivanov, Russian philosopher/classical/poet [NS=Feb 28]

1866-02-25

Benedetto Croce, Italy, humanist/historian/editor/philosopher

1866-02-28

Vyacheslav I Ivanov, Russian philosopher/classical/poet [OS=2/16]

1867-02-11

August W Messer, German philosopher/educator/psychologist

1867-05-17

Gerrit Mannoury, Dutch mathematician/philosopher

1868-03-03

Alain, [Emile-Auguste Chartier], French philosopher/writer

1869-12-02

Jonas Cohn, German/English philosopher (Theory of the Dialects)

1870-06-18

Edouard Le Roy, French philosopher and mathematician

1871-04-29

Louis William Stern, German/US philosopher (Intelligence of Children)

1871-11-20

William H Kilpatrick, US mathematician/philosopher/educator

1872-05-18

Bertrand Russell, England, mathematician/philosopher (Nobel 1950)

1872-12-10

Ludwig Klages, German philosopher (study of graves)

1873-02-22

Muhammad Iqbal, Dutch East Indies lawyer/poet/philosopher

1873-08-22

Alexander Bogdanov, Russian physician and philosopher (d. 1928)

1873-11-04

G E Moore, English philosopher (Ethics)

1874-03-18

Nikolai Berdyaev, Russian philosopher (d. 1948)

1874-07-28

Ernst Cassirer, Germany, philosopher/educator (Essay on Man)

1874-08-22

Max Scheler, German philosopher (Vom Umsturz der Werte)

1874-12-22

Herman Harrell Horne, Clayton NC, philosopher (idealism)

1875-05-30

Giovanni Gentile, Italian philosopher (d. 1944)

1875-06-17

Philipp A Kohnstamm, philosopher/theorist (Mensch & World)

1877-01-31

Max Ettlinger, German philosopher

1877-11-09

Allama Iqbal, Pakistani poet/philosopher

1878-02-08

Martin Buber, German/Israeli philosopher/theologist (Ich und Du)

1878-03-04

Peter D. Ouspensky, Russian philosopher (d. 1947)

1878-12-21

Jan Łukasiewicz, Polish philosopher and mathematician (d. 1956)

1879-02-23

Agnes Arber, English biologist/philosopher (Mind & the Eye)

1879-12-30

Sri Ramana Maharshi, Hindu philosopher/yogi (Maharshi Research Inst)

1880-05-29

Oswald Spengler, Germany, philosopher (Decline of West)

1880-07-20

Hermann earl Keyserling, German philosopher/writer

1881-02-23

Titus [Anno S] Brandsma, Dutch philosopher

1881-05-01

Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, France, philosopher/paleontologist

1882-02-28

Jose Vasconcelos, Oaxaca Mexico, politician/essayist/philosopher

1882-04-14

Moritz Schlick, Austrian philosopher, (d. 1936)

1882-09-28

Eugenio d' Ors y Rovira, Barcelona Spain, essayist/philosopher

1882-11-18

Jacques Maritain, France, Catholic philosopher (exponent of St Thomas)

1882-12-10

Otto Neurath, Aust/Brit philosopher (Foundation of Social Sciences)

1883-02-23

Karl Jaspers, Oldenburg Germany, existentialist philosopher

1883-05-06

Jose Ortega y Gasset, Spanish philosopher/author [or May 9]

1883-10-26

Napoleon Hill, American Writer and Philosopher (Think and Grow Rich)(d. 1970)

1884-06-13

Etienne Gilson, French philosopher (d. 1978)

1884-06-27

Gaston Bachelard, French philosopher (La psychanalyse du feu)

1885-02-14

Syed Zafarul Hasan, Prominent Muslim Indian/Pakistani philosopher (d. 1949)

1885-03-20

Eugen Herrigel, Germany, philosopher/early pioneer of Zen in Europe

1885-04-13

Georg Lukács, Hungarian-born philosopher and literary critic (d. 1971)

1885-07-08

Emil Bloch, German philosopher

1886-09-13

Alain LeRoy Locke, African American writer and philosopher "Father of the Harlem Renaissance"

1887-02-18

Nikos Kasandsakis, Heraklion, Crete, Greek writer and philosopher (Zorba the Greek, The Last Temptation of Christ)

1887-06-22

Julian S Huxley, London, biologist/philosopher, Darwin's Bulldog

1888-05-15

Jean Wahl, French philosopher

1888-09-05

Sarvepalli Radhakrishan, president (India)/philosopher

1889-02-22

Robin G Collingwood, English philosopher (Roman Britain)

1889-03-01

Watsuji Tetsuro, Japanese philosopher (d. 1960)

1889-04-26

Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austria, philosopher (Tractatus)

1889-06-25

Margriet M C Baers, Flemish philosopher

1890-03-08

Oswald von Nell-Breuning, German theologist/philosopher

1890-08-09

Eino Kaila, Finnish psychologist/philosopher

1890-09-22

Ferdinand Gonseth, Swiss mathematician/philosopher

1891-01-23

Antonio Gramsci, Italian philosopher/marxist theorist

1891-05-18

Rudolf Carnap, philosopher (German Logical Positivist)

1891-10-12

Edith Stein, German philosopher

1891-11-01

Dirk Vollenhoven, Dutch composer/philosopher

1892-10-24

Kurt Huber, German philosopher/resistance fighter

1893-02-05

Roman Ingarden, Polish philosopher (Studia philosophica)

1894-02-08

Ludwig Marcuse, German philosopher

1894-08-13

Ferdinand Sassen, Dutch philosopher/director

1894-10-07

Herman Dooyeweerd, Dutch philosopher/lawyer

1895-02-14

Max Horkheimer, German philosopher/sociologist (Studies in prejudice)

1895-05-03

Cornelius Van Til, philosopher and Christian apologist (d. 1987)

1895-05-09

Lucian Blaga, Romaniams philosopher/poet (Dogmatic Aeon)

1895-05-12

Jiddu Krishnamurti, India, philosopher (Songs of Life) [NS=May 22]

1895-05-22

Jiddu Krishnamurti, India, philosopher (Songs of Life) [OS=May 12]

1895-11-17

Mikhail Bakhtin, Russian philosopher (d. 1975)

1895-12-04

Fung Yu-lan, Chinese philosopher (d. 1990)

1895-12-20

Susanne Langer, US, philosopher/educator (Philosophy in a New Key)

1897-01-09

Karl Löwith, German philosopher (d. 1973)

1897-06-22

Norbert Elias, English/Dutch philosopher (Process of Civilization)

1898-01-25

Joachim Wach, German/US philosopher/sociologist (Understanding)

1898-05-19

Julius Evola, Italian philosopher (d. 1974)

1898-07-11

Hendrik J Pos, Dutch philosopher/CEO (Committee of Watchfulness)

1898-07-18

Herbert Marcuse, Berlin, communist philosopher (Eros & Civilization)

1898-11-09

Owen Barfield, philosopher of language

1899-02-14

John Randall Jr, Michigan, historian/philosopher (Western Man)

1899-04-13

Alfred Schutz, Austrian/US architect/philosopher

1899-05-25

Kazi Nazrul Islam, Bengali poet, musician, revolutionary and philosopher (d. 1976)

1899-09-20

Leo Strauss, German-born philosopher (d. 1973)

1900-02-11

Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher

1900-06-15

Gotthard Günther, German philosopher (d. 1984)

1900-08-19

Gilbert Ryle, British philosopher (d. 1976)

1901-01-03

Eric Voegelin, Germany, US philosopher (Order & History)

1901-01-17

Aron Gurwitsch, Lithuanian-born philosopher (d. 1973)

1901-05-10

Albert Dondeyne, Belgian philosopher/theologist

1901-09-29

Lanza del Vasto, Italian philosopher and activist (d. 1981)

1902-07-28

Karl Popper, Austrian/British philosopher (Logic of Forschung)

1902-12-20

Sidney Hook, anticommunist philosopher (Paradoxes of Freedom)

1903-08-31

Vladimir Jankélévitch, French philosopher (d. 1985)

1903-09-11

Theodor Adorno, German philosopher/sociologist

1904-02-17

Hans Morgenthau, German political philosopher (d. 1980)

1904-09-29

Dorothy Emmet, philosopher

1905-01-08

Carl Gustav Hempel, German Logical Positivist philosopher

1905-02-02

Ayn Rand, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire, writer and philosopher (Atlas Shrugged, The Fountainhead)

1905-09-09

Hussain Sha - Indian Saint, Philosopher, Pithapuram

1905-11-22

James Burnham, philosopher (Coming Defeat of Communism)

1905-12-11

Eugen Fink, German philosopher

1905-12-30

Emmanuel Levinas, philosopher

1906-02-13

Agostinho da Silva, Portuguese philosopher (d. 1994)

1907-12-27

Emile de Strijker, Belgian philosopher

1908-03-14

Maurice (Jean Jacques) Merleau-Ponty, French philosopher

1908-06-21

William Frankena, American philosopher (d. 1994)

1908-06-22

George Armin Goyder, businessman/social philosopher

1908-06-25

Willard Van Orman Quine, American philosopher (d. 2000)

1908-07-07

Evert W Beth, Dutch mathematician/philosopher

1908-07-09

Allama Rasheed Turabi, Pakistani scholar, orator and philosopher (d. 1973)

1908-08-21

Oversight (nom de plume), American philosopher

1909-02-03

Simone Weil, Paris, social philosopher/Resistance fighter (WW II)

1909-02-24

Max Black, Dutch/British/US philosopher (analytical philosophy)

1909-06-06

Isaiah Berlin, philosopher

1909-06-09

Jose Luis Lopez Aranguren, philosopher

1909-10-18

Norberto Bobbio, Italian philosopher and legal theorist (d. 2004)

1910-04-12

Jorgen Rausch, German philosopher/author (End of the Playboys)

1910-10-29

Alfred J Ayer, England, Neopositivist philosopher/logician

1911-03-28

J. L. Austin, British philosopher of language (d. 1960)

1911-08-11

Alphonse de Waelhens, Flemish philosopher (Psychosis)

1911-09-29

Reginald Victor Jones, CH, FRS natural philosopher

1912-01-27

Arne Næss, Norwegian philosopher

1912-08-04

Aleksandr Danilovich Aleksandrov, Russian mathematician, physicist, philosopher, and mountaineer (d. 1999)

1912-11-24

Bernard Delfgaauw, Dutch philosopher (Johnson murderer!)

1913-07-17

Roger Garaudy, French philosopher

1913-08-27

Donald McKenzie MacKinnon, philosopher

1914-08-12

Gerd Buchdahl, German philosopher (d. 2001)

1917-02-17

Abdur Rahman Badawi, Egyptian philosopher (d. 2002)

1917-12-20

David Bohm, American-born physicist, philosopher, and neuropsychologist (d. 1992)

1918-02-04

Luigi Pareyson, Italian philosopher (d. 1991)

1918-10-19

Louis Althusser, French philosopher (For Marx, Strangled His Wife)

1919-09-13

Mary Midgley, American philosopher

1919-09-21

Mario Bunge, Argentine philosopher and physicist

1919-11-05

Hasan Askari, Pakistani philosopher (d. 1978)

1919-11-23

Peter Strawson, English philosopher

1920-07-13

Hans Blumenberg, philosopher

1920-10-19

Pandurang Shastri Athavale, Indian philosopher (d. 2003)

1921-01-01

Ismail al-Faruqi, Palestinian philosopher (d. 1986)

1922-07-18

Thomas Kuhn, American philosopher (d. 1996)

1922-11-09

Imre Lakatos, Hungarian philosopher (d. 1974)

1923-04-05

Ernest Mandel, Belgian philosopher/economist

1923-05-05

Richard Wollheim, British philosopher (d. 2003)

1924-01-13

Paul Feyerabend, Austrian-born philosopher (d. 1994)

1924-06-26

Costas Axelos, Greek philosopher

1924-07-30

William Gass, Fargo ND, novelist/philosopher (Omensetter's Luck)

1924-11-25

Takaaki Yoshimoto, Japanese poet, critic, and philosopher.

1925-01-18

Gilles Deleuze, philosopher

1925-07-20

Frantz Fanon, Martinique, France, psychiatrist and philosopher (The Wretched of the Earth), (d. 1961)

1925-08-26

Sangharakshita, Buddhist Philosopher, Founder of the Western Buddhist Order

1925-10-10

Ivan Svitak, philosopher

1926-01-26

Jose Maria Valverde, philosopher poet/translator

1926-07-31

Hilary Putnam, American philosopher

1926-10-15

Michel Foucault, French philosopher (History of Sexuality)

1926-10-15

Paul-Michel Foucault, French philosopher (Les Mots et les Choses)

1926-10-19

Joel Feinberg, American moral philosopher (d. 2004)

1926-11-23

Sathya Sai Baba, Indian guru and philosopher

1927-09-15

David Stove, Australian philosopher, (d. 1994)

1927-10-23

Leszek Kolakowski, Polish philosopher (Conversations with the Devil)

1929-01-12

Alasdair MacIntyre, Scottis-born American philosopher

1929-07-29

Jean Baudrillard, French philosopher

1929-09-21

Bernard Williams, English philosopher (d. 2003)

1929-11-08

António Castanheira Neves, Portuguese philosopher

1930-07-15

Jacques Derrida, French philosopher (d. 2004)

1930-09-17

Jim Rohn, American business philosopher

1930-10-15

Fereydun M. Esfandiary, Iranian philosopher (d. 2000)

1931-06-05

Jerzy Prokopiuk, Polish philosopher, antroposopher

1931-09-22

Manzoor Ahmad, Pakistani philosopher

1931-12-14

Jon Elia, Pakistani scholar, poet and philosopher (d. 2002)

1932-04-27

Gian-Carlo Rota, Italian-born mathematician and philosopher (d. 1999)

1932-07-31

John Searle, American philosopher

1934-04-07

Swami Shantananda, Hindu Saint, Philosopher, Disciple of Swami Sivananda, Founder of Temple of Fine Arts

1934-04-14

Fredric Jameson, American philosopher, cultural theorist

1934-09-12

Jaegwon Kim, Korean-born American philosopher

1934-09-14

Sarah Kofman, philosopher

1935-03-13

Michael Walzer, American philosopher

1936-11-26

Margaret Boden, philosopher

1937-07-04

Thomas Nagel, American philosopher

1938-11-16

Robert Nozick, American philosopher (d. 2002)

1939-11-14

Rudolf Thome, The Philosopher

1940-06-21

Michael Ruse, Canadian philosopher

1941-06-24

Julia Kristeva, Bulgarian-French philosopher, psychoanalyst, and novelist

1941-09-04

Marilena Chaui, Brazilian philosopher

1942-03-28

Daniel Dennett, American philosopher

1942-05-23

Gabriel Liiceanu, Romanian philosopher

1942-08-31

Eugenio Trias, Barcelona, Spain, philosopher, (d. 2013)

1944-02-27

Roger Scruton, Buslingthorpe, British philosopher

1945-06-21

Adam Zagajewski, Polish philosopher, poet

1946-07-06

Peter Singer, Australian philosopher

1947-04-29

Olavo de Carvalho, Brazilian philosopher

1947-05-06

Martha Nussbaum, American philosopher

1947-09-28

Gillian Rose, philosopher/writer

1948-09-01

Józef Życiński, Polish archbishop and philosopher

1949-01-31

Ken Wilber, American philosopher

1949-03-21

Slavoj Žižek, Slovenian sociologist, philosopher and cultural critic

1952-04-01

Bernard Stiegler, French philosopher

1955-05-28

Pawel Kuczynski, Philosopher's Paradise

1955-05-31

Hanno di Rosa, The Philosopher

1956-02-24

Judith Butler, American philosopher

1958-01-09

Stephen Neale, British philosopher

1961-06-21

Iler Rasmussen, The Philosopher's Stone

1966-04-20

David Chalmers, Australian philosopher

1980-04-01

Tracy Williams, Carrie Potter and the Philosopher's Bone

1986-10-07

Abdulla Al Kaabi, The Philosopher

Philosopher - Notable Weddings

Jonathan EdwardsJul 28, 1727

Marquis de SadeMay 17, 1763

Karl MarxJun 19, 1843

Marshall McLuhanAug 4, 1939

Philosopher - Weddings
Date Event
1727-07-28

Philosopher Jonathan Edwards (23) weds Sarah Pierpont

1763-05-17

Philosopher Marquis de Sade (22) weds Renee Pelagie de Montreuil in Paris

1843-06-19

Philosopher Karl Marx (25) weds Jenny von Westphalen in Germany

1939-08-04

Philosopher of communication theory Marshall McLuhan (28) weds teacher and aspiring actress Corinne Lewis (27)

Philosopher - Notable Deaths

Francis BaconApr 9, 1626

Blaise PascalAug 19, 1662

Thomas HobbesDec 4, 1679

John LockeOct 28, 1704

William PennJul 30, 1718

Jonathan EdwardsMar 22, 1758

David HumeAug 25, 1776

Denis DiderotJul 31, 1784

Adam SmithJul 17, 1790

Marquis de CondorcetMar 28, 1794

Marquis de SadeDec 2, 1814

Friedrich WJ von SchellingAug 20, 1854

John Stuart MillMay 8, 1873

Karl MarxMar 14, 1883

Friedrich NietzscheAug 25, 1900

William JamesAug 26, 1910

Rabindranath TagoreAug 7, 1941

Maurice MaeterlinckMay 6, 1949

John DeweyJun 1, 1952

Jean-Paul SartreApr 15, 1980

Marshall McLuhanDec 31, 1980

Karl PopperSep 17, 1994

Philosopher - Deaths
Date Event
322

Aristotle, Greek philosopher (b. 384 BC)

BC
AD
65-04-12

Seneca the Younger, Roman philosopher, statesman and dramatist

479

Confucius, Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history, dies at 66 (b. 551 BC)

1109-04-21

Anselmus, philosopher/archbishop of Canterbury, dies

1123-12-04

Omar Khayyám, Persian poet, astronomer, mathematician, and philosopher (b. 1048)

1141-02-11

Hugo of St-Victor, philosopher/theologist/mystic, dies

1164-01-27

Abraham ibn Ezra, poet/philosopher, dies

1167-02-27

Robert of Melun, English philosopher/bishop of Hereford, dies

1198-12-10

Averroes, Arab physician and philosopher (b. 1126)

1204-12-13

Maimonides, Jewish philosopher/talmudic scholar, dies in Cairo at 69

1279-09-10

Robert Kilwardby/Anglicus, English philosopher/Cardinal, dies

1293-06-29

Hendrik van Gent, Flemish neo-Augustian philosopher/theologist, dies

1308-11-08

Duns Scotus, Scottish philosopher (coined the word dunce), dies at 42

1315-06-29

Ramon Llull, Spanish philosopher (b. 1235)

1340-10-18

Henry Henricus of Friemar, Augustine philosopher, dies

1382-07-11

Nicholas van Oresme, French philosopher/bishop of Lisieux, dies at 62

1416-04-23

Blaise/Blasius of Parma, Ital astrologist/philosopher/algebra, dies

1457-08-01

Laurentius Valla, Italian philosopher (Voluptate), dies at about 50

1464-08-11

Nicholas van Cusa, philosopher/bishop of Brixen, dies

1464-08-17

Nikolaus von Cusa, German theologist/mathematician/philosopher, dies

1484-08-12

George of Trebizond, Greek philosopher (b. 1395)

1494-11-17

Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Italian philosopher (b. 1463)

1496-03-12

Johannes de Lapide, [Johan Heynlin], German philosopher, dies

1499-10-01

Marsilio Ficino, Italian philosopher (b. 1433)

1512-08-02

Alessandro Achillini, Italian physician/philosopher, dies at 48

1535-07-06

Sir Thomas More, philosopher, author (Utopia) and statesman, executed (beheaded) for treason at 57

1561-03-25

Conrad Lycosthenes, French-born German philosopher and encyclopedist (b. 1518)

1572-08-26

Petrus Ramus, French philosopher (b. 1515)

1574-01-30

Damião de Góis, Portuguese philosopher (b. 1502)

1588-10-02

Bernardino Telesio, Italian philosopher (Rerum in Child), dies

1590-10-29

Dirck Volkertsz Coornhert, theologist/philosopher, dies at about 68

1594-12-05

Gerardus Mercator, Flemish philosopher/cartographer, dies at 82

1603-02-23

Andrea Cesalpino, Italian philosopher, physician, and botanist (b. 1519)

1603-11-16

Pierre Charron, French philosopher/theologian, dies

1609-08-22

Maharal of Prague, Jewish mystic and philosopher (b. 1525)

1619-02-09

Lucilio Vanini, Italian philosopher (b. 1585)

1626-04-09

Francis Bacon, English statesman and philosopher, dies from pneumonia at 65

1628-06-08

Rudolph Goclenius, German philosopher (b. 1547)

1631-07-19

Cesare Cremonini, Italian philosopher (b. 1550)

1632-05-25

Adam Tanner, Austrian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1572)

1633-11-14

William Ames, English philosopher (b. 1576)

1637-05-19

Isaac Beeckman, Dutch scientist and philosopher (b. 1588)

1638-11-08

Johann H Alsted, German theologist/philosopher, dies at 50

1639-05-21

Giovan D "Tommaso" Campanella, Italian philosopher/poet, dies at 70

1645-08-28

Hugo Grotius, Dutch philosopher and writer (b. 1583)

1648-08-20

Edward Herbert of Cherbury, English military/philosopher, dies at 65

1650-02-01

Rene Descartes, philosopher "I think therefore I am", stops thinking

1650-02-11

Rene Descartes, philosopher "I think therefore I am", stops thinking

1655-10-24

Pierre Gassendi, French philosopher, dies at 63

1662-08-19

Blaise Pascal, French mathematician, physicist, and philosopher (b. 1623)

1665-01-31

Johannes Clauberg, German theologian and philosopher (b. 1622)

1669-11-20

Arnold Geulincx, South Neth philosopher (Cholera), dies at 45

1677-02-21

[Benedictus] Baruch Spinoza, philosopher, dies at 44

1677-09-11

James Harrington, English political philosopher (b. 1611)

1679-12-04

Thomas Hobbes, English philosopher (b. 1588)

1683-05-02

Stjepan Gradić, Croatian philosopher and scientist (b. 1613)

1687-09-01

Henry More, English philosopher (b. 1614)

1687-12-16

William Petty, English scientist and philosopher (b. 1623)

1695-11-16

Pierre Nicole, French philosopher (b. 1625)

1704-10-28

John Locke, English philosopher (2 treatises of government), dies at 72

1714-10-05

Kaibara Ekiken, Japanese philosopher (b. 1630)

1715-10-13

Nicolas Malebranche, French philosopher (b. 1638)

1716-11-14

Gottfried W Leibniz, German philosopher/theologist, dies at 70

1718-07-30

William Penn, English Philosopher, Quaker and founder of Pennsylvania (No cross, no crown), dies at 73

1722-03-11

John Toland, Irish philosopher (b. 1670)

1723-08-21

Dimitrie Cantemir, philosopher/monarch of Moldova 1710-11, dies at 49

1729-03-02

Francesco Bianchini, Italian philosopher and scientist (b. 1662)

1729-12-13

Anthony Collins, Engl philosopher (On Liberty & Necessity), dies at 53

1744-01-23

Giambattista Vico, Italian philosopher and historian (b. 1668)

1744-02-29

John Theophilus Desaguliers, French philosopher (b. 1683)

1748-09-21

John Balguy, English philosopher (b. 1686)

1751-12-12

Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke, English statesman and philosopher (b. 1678)

1752-06-16

Joseph Butler, English philosopher (b. 1692)

1753-03-12

George Berkeley, philosopher/bishop (Cloyne), dies on 68th birthday

1754-04-09

Christian von Wolff, German philosopher, dies at 75

1757-08-28

David Hartley, English philosopher (b. 1705)

1758-03-22

Jonathan Edwards, American Christian preacher, philosopher, and theologian (Original Sin), dies at 54

1762-05-26

Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, German philosopher (b. 1714)

1768-03-01

Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and writer (b. 1694)

1768-11-04

Johan Lulofs, Dutch physicist/philosopher/astronomer, dies at 57

1771-12-26

Claude Adrien Helvétius, French philosopher (b. 1715)

1772-03-29

Emanuel Swedenborg, Swedish philosopher and mathematician (b. 1688)

1772-06-18

Johann Ulrich von Cramer, German judge and philosopher (b. 1706)

1775-10-18

Christian August Crusius, German philosopher and theologian (b. 1715)

1776-08-25

David Hume, Scottish philosopher and historian (A Treatise of Human Nature), dies of abdominal cancer at 65

1780-07-14

Charles Batteux, French philosopher (b. 1713)

1780-08-03

Etienne B de Condillac, French philosopher (sensualism), dies at 64

1782-12-27

Henry Home, Lord Kames, Scottish philosopher (b. 1697)

1784-07-31

Denis Diderot, French writer/philosopher, dies at 70

1786-01-04

Mozes Mendelssohn, Jewish/German philosopher (Haksalah), dies at 56

1787-02-12

Ruggiero Boscovich, Ital physicist/astronomer/philosopher, dies at 75

1787-03-02

Jean SOME Allamand, French theologist/natural philosopher, dies at 73

1787-10-30

Ferdinando Galiani, Italian economist/philosopher/diplomat, dies at 58

1790-07-07

Franciscus "Frans" Hemsterhuis, Frisian philosopher, dies at 68

1790-07-17

Adam Smith, Scottish economist and philosopher (b. 1723)

1790-12-12

Mikhail Shcherbatov, Russian philosopher and writer (b. 1733)

1793-10-16

John Hunter, eminent doctor and philosopher (b. 1728

1794-03-28

Marquis de Condorcet, French enlightenment philosopher, is murdered or commits suicide in prison at 50

1796-10-07

Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher (b. 1710)

1801-01-02

Johann C Lavater, Swiss vicar/philosopher, dies at 59

1803-08-18

James Beattie, Scottish poet/philosopher (Essay on Truth), dies at 67

1803-12-18

Johann G von Herder, German philosopher/theologist/poet, dies at 59

1804-02-06

Joseph Priestley, Engl/US theologist/philosopher/chemist, dies at 70

1804-02-12

Immanuel Kant, German philosopher (Zum ewigen Frieden), dies at 79

1805-05-25

William Paley, English philosopher (b. 1743)

1807-08-15

Johann N Tetens, German/Danish philosopher/mathematician, dies at 70

1814-01-27

Johann Gottlieb Fichte, philosopher, dies

1814-01-29

Johann G Fichte, German philosopher (Wissenschaftslehre), dies at 51

1814-12-02

Marquis de Sade, French philosopher and writer (Justine), dies at 74. The words sadism and sadist are derived from his name.

1816-04-28

Johann Heinrich Abicht, German philosopher (b. 1862)

1823-04-10

Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Austrian philosopher (b. 1757)

1824-08-21

John Taylor, philosopher (Jeffersonian Democracy), dies at 70

1825-02-10

Paul van Hemert, Dutch theologist/philosopher (Kant), dies at 68

1825-05-19

Claude Henri de Rouvroy, Comte de Saint-Simon, French political philosopher (b. 1760)

1826-07-04

John Adams, Thomas Jefferson: Philosopher of Freedom

1828-06-11

Dugald Stewart, Scot philosopher (Scottish common sense), dies at 74

1829-01-12

Friedrich von Schlegel, German cultural philosopher/poet, dies at 56

1831-05-26

Georg Hermes, German philosopher/theologist (Hermenianen), dies

1832-06-06

Jeremy Bentham, English philosopher (b. 1748)

1834-02-12

Friedrich Schleiermacher, German theologist/philosopher, dies at 65

1836-06-23

James Mill, Scottish philosopher and historian, (b. 1773)

1841-05-23

Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher/theologist, dies at 76

1843-08-10

Jakob F Fries, German philosopher, dies

1845-02-13

Henrik Steffens, Norwegian-German philosopher (b. 1773)

1845-07-04

Pierre P Royer-Collard, French philosopher/Council of 500, dies

1845-09-04

Pierre P Royer-Collard, French attorney/philosopher, dies at 82

1845-09-16

John Kinker, translator/philosopher/poet, dies at 81

1847-06-09

Pierre-Simon Ballanche, French philosopher/poet (Orphée), dies

1848-12-18

Bernard Bolzano, Bohemian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1781)

1854-08-20

Friedrich WJ von Schelling, German philosopher, dies at 79

1855-11-11

Søren Kierkegaard, Danish philosopher (b. 1813)

1856-06-23

Ivan Kireevsky, Russian literary critic and philosopher (b. 1806)

1860-09-21

Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher (b. 1788)

1861-05-09

Peter Ernst von Lasaulx, German philosopher and writer (b. 1805)

1864-05-28

Simion Bărnuţiu, Romanian philosopher and liberal politician (b. 1808)

1865-01-19

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, French philosopher and anarchist (b. 1809)

1865-10-16

Andrés Bello, Venezuelan poet, lawmaker, philosopher, and sociologist (b. 1781)

1866-03-06

William Whewell, English scientist, philosopher, and historian of science (b. 1794)

1867-01-12

Victor Cousin, French philosopher/minister of Education, dies at 74

1869-03-11

Vladimir Odoevsky, Russian philosopher (b. 1803)

1869-07-28

Carl G Carus, German arts/psychologist/philosopher, dies

1872-09-02

Nicolai Grundtvig, Danish writer and philosopher (b. 1783)

1872-09-13

Ludwig A Feuerbach, German philosopher (Man what he eats), dies at 68

1873-05-08

John Stuart Mill, great Empiricist philosopher, dies at 66

1875-06-02

Józef Kremer, Polish messianistic philosopher (b. 1806)

1875-11-21

Friedrich A Lange, philosopher/socialist (Neo-Kantianism), dies at 67

1879-08-08

Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher (b. 1797)

1881-12-07

Julius FA Bahnsen, Ger philosopher (Tragic as Weltgesetz), dies at 51

1882-10-13

Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher (b. 1816)

1883-03-14

Karl Marx, German philosopher (Communist Manifesto), dies at 64

1886-08-16

Swami Ramakrishna, Indies philosopher, dies at 50

1887-05-14

Lysander Spooner, American philosopher (b. 1808)

1887-09-14

Friedrich T Vischer, German philosopher/writer (Auch einer), dies

1889-10-17

Nikolai Chernyshevsky, Russian philosopher (b. 1828)

1893-03-05

Hippolyte Taine, French philosopher/historian, dies at 64

1896-05-27

Allard Pierson, theologist/philosopher/art historian/poet, dies

1899-05-01

Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician (b. 1824)

1900-05-18

Jean Gaspard Felix Ravaisson-Mollien, French philosopher (b. 1813)

1900-08-25

Friedrich Nietschze, philosopher (Also sprach Zarathustra), dies at 55

1900-08-25

Friedrich Nietzsche, German Philosopher, dies at 55

1900-08-28

Henry Sidgwick, English philosopher (Women on University), dies

1901-07-04

John Fiske, [Edmund Fisk Green], US historian/philosopher, dies

1903-09-01

Charles Renouvier, French philosopher (neo criticism), dies

1903-10-04

Otto Weininger, Austrian philosopher (b. 1880)

1903-12-08

Herbert Spencer, British engineer/philosopher, dies at 83

1904-10-08

Gustav Ratzenhofer, Austria sociologist/philosopher, dies at 62

1905-01-19

Debendranath Tagore, Indian philosopher (b. 1817)

1906-06-05

Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (b. 1842)

1910-08-26

William James, American psychologist and philosopher (Pragmatism), dies at 68

1911-10-01

Wilhelm Dilthey, Germ philosopher (Das Leben Schleiermans), dies at 77

1912-01-14

Otto Liebmann, German philosopher (Kant & Epigones), dies at 71

1914-04-19

Charles Pierce, philosopher/scientist, dies

1916-02-19

Ernst Mach, Austrian physicist/philosopher/psychologist, dies at 78

1916-09-14

Josiah Royce, US philosopher (Conception of Immortality), dies

1918-09-28

Georg Simmel, German sociologist and philosopher (b. 1858)

1919-02-05

Vasili V Rozanov, Russian philosopher/writer, dies at 62

1919-05-20

Jacob Verdam, philosopher, dies

1919-07-07

Paul Deusen, German philosopher/CEO (Schopenhauer-Gesellschaft), dies

1919-08-09

Ernst Haeckel, German philosopher (Social Darwinism), dies at 85

1920-08-31

Wilhelm Wundt, German physiologist/psychologist/philosopher, dies

1921-01-07

Benno Erdmann, German philosopher (Logik I), dies at 69

1922-02-11

Gerardus J P Bolland, Dutch philosopher (Bolland Society), dies at 67

1922-09-04

Georges Sorel, French social philosopher, dies at 74

1922-09-30

Paul Barth, German philosopher/sociologist, dies at 64

1923-01-23

Max Nordau, Austrian author, philosopher, and Zionist leader (b. 1849)

1923-06-29

Fritz Mauthner, German author/philosopher (skepticism), dies at 73

1924-09-18

Francis Herbert Bradley, British philosopher (neo-idealism), dies

1925-03-04

James Ward, English psychologist and philosopher (b. 1843)

1925-03-30

Rudolf Steiner, Austrian philosopher (anthroposophy), dies at 64

1926-01-23

Desire J Mercier, Belgian philosopher/cardinal, dies at 74

1926-09-16

Rudolf C Eucken, German philosopher (Nobel 1908), dies at 80

1927-02-13

Brooks Adams, US philosopher (New Empire), dies at 78

1927-10-29

Leonard Nelson, Ger philosopher (Nelson-Friessche Schule), dies at 45

1928-04-07

Alexander Bogdanov, Russian physician and philosopher (b. 1873)

1928-05-19

Max Scheler, German philosopher, dies at 53

1929-10-12

Max Ettlinger, German philosopher/theorist, dies at 52

1930-04-16

José Carlos Mariátegui, Peruvian journalist, political philosopher and activist (b. 1894)

1933-12-17

Hans Vaihinger, German philosopher (Side-Studies), dies at 81

1934-11-08

James Mark Baldwin, American Philosopher and Psychologist, dies at 73

1936-05-08

Oswald Spengler, German philosopher (Underworld of Abendlandes), dies

1936-06-22

Moritz Schlick, Austrian philosopher assassinated at 54 by former student Johann Nelböck

1936-12-31

Miguel de Unamuno Jugo, Span philosopher/poet (Cancionero), dies at 72

1937-04-02

Nathan Birnbaum, Austria philosopher (Zionism), dies at about 72

1937-04-27

Antonio Gramsci, Italian philosopher/marxist theorist, dies at 46

1937-08-06

Ferdinand CS Schiller, British philosopher (Mind!), dies at 72

1937-09-14

Tomés G Masaryk, philosopher/pres of Czech (1918-35), dies at 87)

1938-03-27

Louis William Stern, German/US philosopher/psychologist, dies at 66

1938-04-21

Allama Iqbal, Indian philosopher and poet (b. 1877)

1938-04-26

Edmund Husserl, German philosopher (study of phenomenon), dies at 79

1938-09-13

Samuel Alexander, Engl philosopher (Space, time & deity), dies at 79

1938-11-19

Lev Shestov, Russian philosopher (b. 1866)

1941-01-04

Henri Bergson, French philosopher (Le Rire, Nobel 1928), dies at 81

1941-08-07

Rabindranath Tagore, Indian philosopher/poet/writer, dies at 80

1941-12-09

Leonard "Leo" Polak, Dutch philosopher, dies in Sachsenhausen at 61

1941-12-09

Dmitry Merezhkovsky, Russian writer and philosopher (b. 1865)

1942-07-26

Titus Brandsma, [Anno Sjoerd], Dutch Roman Catholic priest and philosopher (Dachau), dies

1942-08-09

Edith Stein, German philosopher, dies

1943-01-09

Robin G Collingwood, English philosopher (Roman Britain), dies at 53

1943-07-13

Kurt Huber, German philosopher/resistance fighter, dies at 50

1943-08-24

Simone Weil, French philosopher and social activist (b. 1909)

1945-04-13

Ernst Cassirer, German philosopher (b. 1874)

1945-06-07

Nishida Kitaro, scholar/philosopher/Zen practitioner, dies at 74

1945-12-22

Otto Neurath, Austrian/British philosopher, dies at 63

1946-04-26

Hermann Keyserling, count/philosopher (Unsterblichkeit), dies at 65

1946-08-16

Herman Harrell Horne, philosopher (idealism)

1947-01-12

Jonas Cohn, German/English philosopher (Wertwissenschaft), dies at 77

1947-10-02

Peter D. Ouspensky, Russian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1878)

1949-04-18

Leonard Bloomfield, linguist/philosopher, dies

1949-05-06

Maurice Maeterlinck, Belgian philosopher (Nobel 1911), dies at 86

1949-06-19

Syed Zafarul Hasan, Prominent Muslim philosopher (b. 1885)

1950-04-14

Sri Ramana Maharshi, Indian philosopher (b. 1879)

1950-09-06

Olaf Stapledon, British writer and philosopher (b. 1886)

1951-04-29

Ludwig J J Wittgenstein, Austria/English philosopher, dies at 62

1951-06-02

Alain, [Emile-Auguste Chartier], French philosopher, dies at 83

1951-12-31

Philipp A Kohnstamm, Dutch philosopher/physicist, dies at 76

1952-06-01

John Dewey, US philosopher (Common Faith), dies at 92

1952-09-26

George Santayana, US philosopher/poet (Last Puritan), dies at 88

1952-11-20

Benedetto Croce, Italian philosopher (La Critica), dies at 86

1954-02-26

William R Inge, English theologist/philosopher, dies at 93

1954-09-25

Eugenio d' Ors y Rovira, Spanish essayist/philosopher, dies at 71

1955-04-18

Eugen Herrigel, Zen philosopher/scholar, dies in Germany at 70

1955-08-27

Joachim Wach, philosopher/sociologist (Sociology of Religion), dies

1955-10-18

Jose Ortega y Gasset, Spanish philosopher, dies at 72

1956-01-30

Gerrit Mannoury, mathematician/philosopher, dies at 88

1956-06-07

Julien Benda, Fren philosopher/writer (La trahison des clercs), dies

1956-07-28

Ludwig Klages, German philosopher/graphologist, dies at 83

1956-07-29

Ludwig Klages, German philosopher (Study of Graves), dies at 83

1958-03-23

Florian Znaniecki, Polish/US sociologist/philosopher, dies at 76

1958-12-21

Lion Feuchtwanger, philosopher/writer (Der falsche Nero), dies at 74

1959-05-20

Alfred Schutz, Austrian/US architect/philosopher, dies at 60

1960-02-08

John Langshaw Austin, British philosopher, (b. 1911)

1960-12-26

Watsuji Tetsuro, Japanese philosopher (b. 1889)

1961-05-03

Maurice [Jean Jacques] Merleau-Ponty, French philosopher, dies at 53

1961-05-06

Lucian Blaga, philosopher/poet (Transcendental censor), dies at 65

1962-07-08

Georges Bataille, French writer and philosopher (b. 1897)

1962-10-16

Gaston Bachelard, French philosopher (Water & Dreams), dies at 78

1965-02-13

William H Kilpatrick, US mathematician/philosopher, dies at 93

1965-05-22

Heinrich Barth, Swiss philosopher (Das Sein in der Zeit), dies

1965-06-13

Martin Buber, German/Israel philosopher/zionist/theologist, dies at 87

1968-12-29

Austin Farrer, English theologian and philosopher (b. 1904)

1969-02-26

Karl Jaspers, German psychiatrist/philosopher, dies at 86

1969-03-23

Rudolf Pannwitz, German author/philosopher (Urblik), dies at 87

1969-08-06

Theodor Adorno, German philosopher/sociologist, dies at 65

1970-02-02

Bertrand Russell, philosopher, British MP, dies in Merioneth at 97

1970-06-29

Roman Ingarden, Polish philosopher (Studia philosophica), dies at 77

1970-09-14

Rudolph Carnap, German philosopher/mathematician, dies at 79

1970-10-08

Lucien Goldmann, Romanian/French sociologist/philosopher, dies

1971-06-04

Georg Lukács, Hungarian philosopher (b. 1885)

1971-08-02

Ludwig Marcuse, German philosopher, dies at 77

1971-09-16

Ferdinand LR Sassen, priest/philosopher (Descartes), dies at 77

1973-07-07

Max Horkheimer, German philosopher/sociologist, dies at 78

1973-12-18

Allama Rasheed Turabi, Pakistani scholar, orator and philosopher (b. 1908)

1974-06-11

Julius Evola, Italian philosopher (b. 1898)

1975-03-07

Mikhail Bakhtin, Russian philosopher (b. 1895)

1975-04-17

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Indian philosopher (b. 1888)

1976-05-26

Martin Heidegger, German philosopher (Holzweg), dies at 86

1976-08-29

Kazi Nazrul Islam, Bengali poet, musician, revolutionary and philosopher (b. 1899)

1976-10-06

Gilbert Ryle, British philosopher (b. 1900)

1977-02-07

Herman Dooyeweerd, Dutch philosopher/lawyer, dies at 82

1977-03-13

Jan Patocka, Czech philosopher, dies in prison

1977-08-04

Emil Bloch, German philosopher (Principle Hope, Traces), dies at 92

1978-01-18

Hasan Askari, Pakistani philosopher, critic and writer (b. 1919)

1978-04-19

Emile de Strijker, Belgian philosopher, dies at 70

1978-09-19

Étienne Gilson, French philosopher and historian (b. 1884)

1979-07-29

Herbert Marcuse, philosopher (Eros & Civilization), dies at 81

1980-04-15

Jean-Paul Sartre, existentialist philosopher and writer (Nobel 1964), dies in Paris at 74

1980-12-31

Marshall McLuhan, Canadian cultural philosopher, dies at 69

1981-01-05

Lanza del Vasto, Italian philosopher (b. 1901)

1982-03-06

Ayn Rand, Russian-born American author-philosopher (Atlas Shrugged), dies of heart failure at 77

1983-07-01

R Buckminster Fuller, inventor/philosopher, dies in LA at 87

1984-05-15

Francis Schaeffer, American theologian, philosopher, and pastor (b. 1912)

1984-11-29

Gotthard Günther, German philosopher (b. 1900)

1985-02-07

Albert Dondeyne, Belgian philosopher/theologist, dies at 83

1986-02-17

Jiddu Krishnamurti, Indian philosopher (Kingdom Happiness), dies at 90

1986-05-27

Isma'il Raji' al-Faruqi, Palestinian-born philosopher (b. 1921)

1987-07-28

James Burnham, philosopher (Coming Defeat of Communism), dies at 81

1989-06-27

Alfred J Ayer, English philosopher (Logical Positivism), dies

1990-08-01

Norbert Elias, German/English/Neth philosopher/sociologist, dies

1990-10-23

Louis Althusser, French philosopher, dies

1990-11-24

Nistani Keiji, philosopher, dies in Kyoto Japan

1991-08-21

Oswald von Nell-Breuning, German theologist/philosopher, dies at 101

1992-10-27

David Bohm, American-born physicist, philosopher, and neuropsychologist (b. 1917)

1993-08-20

Bernard Delfgaauw, philosopher (Johnson murderer!), dies at 80

1993-09-08

Zaki Naguib Mahmoud, Egyptian philosopher/author/diplomat, dies at 88

1993-10-17

Wim van Dooren, theologist/humanist/philosopher, dies

1994-02-26

Leopold "Hans" Kohr, Austrian social philosopher, dies at 84

1994-02-27

Leopold "Hans" Kohr, Austria social philosopher/economist, dies at 84

1994-03-02

Donald McKenzie MacKinnon, philosopher, dies at 80

1994-06-02

David Stove, Australian philosopher (b. 1927)

1994-07-14

Robert Jungk, German/French/Us/Austrian philosopher/historian, dies

1994-09-17

Karl Popper, philosopher (Poverty of Historianism), dies at 92

1994-10-01

Paul Lorenzen, German philosopher (b. 1915)

1994-10-15

Sarah Kofman, philosopher, dies at 60

1994-10-20

Ivan Svitak, philosopher, dies at 69

1995-11-04

Gilles Deleuze, philosopher, dies at 70

1995-12-10

Gillian Rose, philosopher/writer, dies at 48

1995-12-25

Emmanuel Levinas, philosopher, dies at 89

1996-03-28

Hans Blumenberg, philosopher, dies at 75

1996-04-17

Jose Luis Lopez Aranguren, philosopher, dies at 86

1996-06-07

Jose Maria Valverde, philosopher poet/translator, dies at 70

1996-06-17

Thomas Kuhn, American philosopher of science (b. 1922)

1996-08-11

Sigmund Koch, psychologist/philosopher, dies at 79

1997-01-19

George Armin Goyder, businessman/social philosopher, dies at 88

1997-12-14

Owen Barfield, philosopher of language, dies at 99

1997-12-26

Cornelius Castoriadis, Greek philosopher and economist (b. 1922)

1998-04-21

Jean Francois Lyotard, French philosopher and sociologist (b. 1924)

1998-11-25

Nelson Goodman, American philosopher (b. 1906)

1999-01-28

Torgny T:son Segerstedt, Swedish sociologist and philosopher (b. 1908)

2000-04-03

Terence McKenna, American writer and philosopher (b. 1946)

2000-12-25

Willard Van Orman Quine, American philosopher (b. 1908)

2001-05-28

Francisco Varela, Chilean biologist and philosopher (b. 1946)

2001-06-28

Mortimer Adler, American philosopher (b. 1902)

2002-01-23

Robert Nozick, American philosopher (b. 1938)

2002-03-13

Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher (b. 1900)

2002-07-25

Abdur Rahman Badawi, Egyptian existentialist philosopher (b. 1917)

2002-10-02

Heinz von Foerster, Austrian-born physicist and philosopher (b. 1911)

2002-11-08

Jon Elia, Pakistani scholar, poet and philosopher (b. 1931)

2002-11-24

John Rawls, political philosopher (b. 1921)

2002-12-02

Ivan Illich, Austrian priest and philosopher (b. 1926)

2003-06-10

Bernard Williams, English philosopher (b. 1929)

2003-06-16

Georg Henrik von Wright, Finnish-Swedish philosopher (b. 1916)

2003-08-21

Kathy Wilkes, English philosopher and aid worker (b. 1946)

2003-08-30

Donald Davidson, American philosopher (b. 1917)

2003-09-18

Emil Fackenheim, German Holocaust survivor and philosopher (b. 1916)

2003-11-04

Richard Wollheim, British philosopher (b. 1923)

2004-01-09

Norberto Bobbio, Italian philosopher (b. 1909)

2004-10-08

Jacques Derrida, French philosopher (b. 1930)

2005-05-20

Paul Ricoeur, French philosopher (b. 1913)

2005-07-27

Swami Shantanand, Mahasamadhi Day, Indian Saint, Philosopher (b. 1934)

2006-02-13

Peter Frederick Strawson, British philosopher (b. 1919)

2007-03-06

Jean Baudrillard, French cultural theorist, philosopher, political commentator and photographer (b. 1929)

2007-03-22

Uppaluri Gopala Krishnamurti, Indian philosopher (b. 1918)

2007-04-09

Egon Bondy, Czech philosopher and writer (b. 1930)

2007-04-28

Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker, German physicist and philosopher (b. 1912)

2007-06-08

Richard Rorty, American postanalytic, pragmatic philosopher (b. 1931)

2008-02-09

Christopher Hyatt Occultist, Philosopher and Author.

2009-01-12

Arne Næss, Norwegian philosopher (b. 1912)

2009-07-17

Leszek Kołakowski, Polish philosopher (b. 1927)

2010-01-12

Daniel Bensaid, French philosopher (b. 1946)

2010-06-19

Anthony Quinton, British philosopher (b. 1925)

2013-02-10

Eugenio Trias, Spanish philosopher, dies at 70


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