History Hop Tags - Civil Rights

Civil Rights
Civil Rights - Notable Historical Events

Andrew JohnsonApr 9, 1866

Benito MussoliniSep 1, 1938

Harry TrumanDec 5, 1946

Martin Luther KingAug 28, 1963

Lyndon B. JohnsonApr 11, 1968

ReaganMar 22, 1988

Al SharptonSep 2, 1989

Rodney KingAug 5, 1992

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Civil Rights - Historical Events
Date Event
1644-05-23

Johan Mauritius van Nassau resigns as head of Civil rights activists

1866-03-27

President Johnson vetoes civil rights bill; it later becomes 14th amendment

1866-04-09

Civil Rights Bill passes over President Andrew Johnson's veto

1866-06-13

US House of representatives passes 14th Amendment (Civil rights)

1866-07-19

Tennessee is 1st to ratify 14th Amendment to the US constitution, guaranteeing civil rights

1872-05-22

Amnesty Act restores civil rights to Southerners (except for 500)

1875-03-01

Congress passes Civil Rights Act; invalidated by Supreme Ct, 1883

1883-10-15

Supreme Court declares Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional

1905-07-11

Black intellectuals & activists lead by WEB Dubois organize the civil rights Niagara Movement

1938-09-01

Benito Mussolini cancels civil rights of Italian Jews

1946-12-05

Pres Harry Truman creates Committee on Civil Rights by Exec Order #9808

1948-02-02

President Harry Truman urges congress to adopt a civil rights program

1950-01-15

4,000 attend National Emergency Civil Rights Conference in Wash DC

1957-05-17

Prayer Pilgrimage, biggest civil rights demonstration to date (DC)

1957-08-28

US Senator James Thurmond (Rep, SC) begins 24-hr filibuster against civil rights bill

1957-08-29

Congress passes Civil Rights Act of 1957

1957-08-29

Strom Thurmond (Sen-D-SC) ends 24 hr filibuster against civil rights

1957-08-30

US senator Strom Thurmond speaks 24hrs 27m against civil rights

1957-09-09

US President Eisenhower signs 1st civil rights bill since Reconstruction

1960-02-01

4 students stage 1st civil rights sit-in, at Greensboro NC Woolworth

1960-04-08

US Senate passes Civil Rights Bill with measures against discriminatory voting pracrices

1960-04-10

Senate passes landmark Civil Rights Bill

1960-05-06

US President Eisenhower signs Civil Rights Act of 1960

1963-08-28

200,000 march and demonstrate for African American civil rights in Washington, DC

1963-08-28

Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his "I have a dream speech" addressing civil rights march at Lincoln Memorial, Washington DC

1964-02-08

Rep Martha Griffiths address gets civil rights protection for women being added to the 1964 Civil Rights Act

1964-02-17

US House of Representatives accept Law on the civil rights

1964-06-10

Southern filibuster on civil rights bill ends; cloture invoked

1964-06-19

Civil Rights Act of 1964 passes 73-27

1964-06-21

Three civil rights workers, Michael H Schwerner, Andrew Goodman & James E Chane, disappeared after release from a Mississippi jail

1964-06-29

Civil Rights Act of 1964 passed after 83-day filibuster in Senate

1964-07-02

US President Johnson signs Civil Rights Act & Voting Rights Act into law

1964-08-04

Civil rights workers Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman & James E Chaney, bodies discovered in an earthen Mississippi dam

1966-04-01

Loyalist led by Ian Paisley, a Protestant fundamentalist preacher, founded the Ulster Constitution Defence Committee to challenge the civil rights movement; it set up a paramilitary-style wing called the Ulster Protestant Volunteers

1966-05-13

US Federal education funding is denied to 12 school districts in the South because of violations of the 1964 Civil Rights Act

1966-06-01

2,400 persons attend White House Conference on Civil Rights

1967-10-20

All white federal jury convicts 7 in murder of 3 civil rights workers in Meridan Mississippi

1968-04-04

US civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr. assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee

1968-04-11

President Lyndon B. Johnson signs 1968 Civil Rights Act

1968-04-27

The Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA) hold a rally to protest the banning of a Republican Easter parade

1968-06-20

Catholic Irish Civil rights activists protest against discrimination in the allocation of housing by illegally occupying a house in Caledon, County Tyrone

1968-08-24

Northern Ireland's first civil rights march held; many more marches would be held over the following year and Loyalists organized counter-demonstrations to get the marches banned

1968-08-27

The Derry Housing Action Committee (DHAC) organise another protest in the Guildhall's council chamber; immediately after the protest Eamon Melaugh phones the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA) and invites them to organise a march in Derry

1968-10-03

The proposed civil rights march in Derry, Northern Ireland, is banned from the area of the city centre and the Waterside area; the banning order is issued under the Public Order Act by William Craig, then Home Affairs Minister

1968-10-04

A Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA) delegation meet with the Derry March organisers and try to have the march cancelled; eventually it was decided to go ahead with the march.

1968-10-05

Civil rights march in Derry is stopped by the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) before it had properly begun; clashes between RUC and protesters lead to two days of serious rioting-some consider this to be the beginning of 'the Troubles' in Northern Ireland

1968-10-07

Rioting continues in Derry, Northern Ireland after Royal Ulster Constabulary put down civil rights march two days earlier

1968-10-09

About 2,000 students from Queen's University Belfast tried to march to Belfast City Hall in protest against 'police brutality' on 5 October in Derry; the march was blocked by loyalists led by Ian Paisley and after the demonstration, a student civil rights group—People's Democracy—was formed

1968-11-13

William Craig, Home Affairs Minister, bans all marches, with the exception of 'customary' parades, in Derry, Northern Ireland; the exception of 'customary' parades meant that Loyalist institutions could parade but civil rights marches could not

1968-11-30

A Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association march in Armagh is stopped by Royal Ulster Constabulary because of the presence of a Loyalist counter demonstration led by Ian Paisley and Ronald Bunting

1968-12-04

Following a civil rights march in Dungannon, Northern Ireland, there is a violent clash between Loyalists and those who are taking part in the march

1969-03-30

Loyalists bomb water and electricity installations in Northern Ireland in the hope that the attacks would be blamed on the IRA and on elements of the civil rights movement, which was demanding an end to discrimination against Catholics

1969-04-19

Serious rioting in the Bogside area of Derry following clashes between Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association marchers and Loyalists and members of the Royal Ulster Constabulary

1969-04-23

The Unionist Parliamentary Party votes by 28 to 22 to introduce universal adult suffrage in local government elections in Northern Ireland; the demand for 'one man, one vote' had been one of the most powerful slogans of the civil rights movement

1972-01-28

The Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association place "special emphasis on the necessity for a peaceful incident-free day" at the next march on 30 January in an effort to avoid violence

1972-01-30

'Bloody Sunday': 27 unarmed civilians are shot (of whom 14 were killed) by the British Army during a civil rights march in Derry; this is the highest death toll from a single shooting incident during 'the Troubles'

1972-02-06

A Civil Rights march is held in Newry, County Down; there is a very large turn-out for the march with many people attending to protest at the killings in Derry the previous Sunday

1974-04-20

'The Troubles', a period of conflict in Northern Ireland involving republican and loyalist paramilitaries, the British security forces, and civil rights groups. claims its 1000th victim

1985-01-15

Civil rights activist Tancredo Neves elected president

1985-08-14

Political violence by the youth begins after the funeral of assassinated Victoria Mxenge, a civil rights lawyer, who was respected and liked by the Congress of South African Students

1987-10-11

200,000 gays march for civil rights in Washington

1988-03-22

Congress overrides Reagan's veto of sweeping civil rights bill

1989-09-02

Rev Al Sharpton leads a civil rights march through Bensonhurst

1990-01-12

Civil Rights activist Rev Al Sharpton is stabbed in Bensonhurst Bkln

1992-08-05

4 cops in Rodney King beating case indicted on civil rights charge

1993-02-03

Federal trial of 4 police officers charged with civil rights violations in videotaped beating of Rodney King begins in LA Calif

1993-04-17

Police officers found guilty of violating Rodney Kings civil rights

2000-08-18

A Federal jury finds the US EPA guilty of discrimination against Dr. Marsha Coleman-Adebayo, under the Civil Rights Act of 1964, later inspiring passage of the No FEAR Act.

2002-05-22

American civil rights movement: a jury in Birmingham, Alabama, convicts former Ku Klux Klan member Bobby Frank Cherry of the 1963 murders of four girls in the bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church.

2005-01-06

Mississippi Civil Rights Workers Murders: Edgar Ray Killen is arrested as a suspect for the 1964 murders of three Civil Rights workers.

2016-04-09

Civil rights groups mobilize against Mississippi's 'religious freedom' law

2016-05-05

North Carolina transgender law violates civil rights law: US

2017-04-05

LGBT Employees Protected By Federal Civil Rights Act, Appeals Court Rules

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Civil Rights - Notable Birthdays

Du BoisFeb 23, 1868

Dorothy HeightMar 24, 1912

Rosa ParksFeb 4, 1913

Fred ShuttlesworthMar 18, 1922

Martin Luther KingJan 15, 1929

Jimmie Lee JacksonDec 16, 1938

Al SharptonOct 3, 1954

Civil Rights - Birthdays
Date Event
1622-01-01

Isaac Sweers, Dutch Admiral/general/Civil rights activist

1862-07-16

Ida Bell Wells-Barnett [Iola], US civil rights activist

1863-09-23

Mary Church Terrell, civil rights activist

1868-02-23

William E B Du Bois, Great Barrington Massachusetts, civil rights activist and writer (Souls of Black Folk)

1892-04-22

Vernon Johns, American civil rights activist (d. 1965)

1898-05-03

Septima Poinsette Clark, civil rights activist/educator

1898-07-27

Audley Moore, civil rights activist, humanitarian [Queen Mother]

1901-08-30

Roy Wilkins, civil rights director (NAACP)

1905-07-05

Myles Horton, American educator and Civil Rights Movement teacher (d. 1990)

1907-05-01

Oliver Hill, civil rights attorney (d. 2007)

1907-08-31

Augustus F. Hawkins, American politician and civil rights lawmaker (d. 2007)

1910-03-04

Tancredo Neves, president of Civil rights activist

1910-03-17

Bayard Rustin, civil rights leader

1912-01-25

Lucius E Burch Jr, US lawyer/civil rights leader

1912-03-24

Dorothy Height, Richmond, Virginia, American civil rights and women's rights activist

1912-03-24

Dorothy Height, Before the Memories Fade: Voices from the Civil Rights Movement

1913-02-04

Rosa Parks, Tuskegee Alabama, American civil rights activist (bus protestor)

1914-07-24

Kenneth B Clark, Canal Zone, civil rights activist (Dark Ghetto)

1917-03-11

Robert L Carter, Caryville, Florida, American civil rights activist and judge (Brown v. Board of Education, NAACP v. Alabama) (d. 2012)

1918-04-23

Gordon Hirabayshi, Seattle, Washington, American civil rights activist and WWII internment opponent (Hirabayshi v. United States), (d. 2012)

1918-05-24

Coleman A Young, civil rights leader (Mayor-D-Detroit)

1920-01-12

James Farmer, Marshall, Tex, civil rights leader

1920-01-20

Howard Baugh, Silver Wings & Civil Rights: The Fight to Fly

1920-11-16

Paul E. Brown, Silver Wings & Civil Rights: The Fight to Fly

1921-07-31

Whitney M Young Jr, civil rights leader, head of Urban League

1922-03-18

Fred Shuttlesworth, Mount Meigs Alabama, American civil rights activist

1922-09-11

Charles Evers, civil rights leader (Amazing Grace)

1925-01-31

Benjamin Hooks, civil rights leader

1925-11-21

Johan "Poncke" Princen, KNIL-defector/civil rights in Djakarta

1926-03-11

Ralph Abernathy, civil rights leader (Southern Christian Leadership)

1926-04-10

Johnnie Tillmon, civil rights activist (Natl Welfare Rights Association)

1927-04-27

Coretta Scott King, Marion Ala, civil rights leader

1929-01-15

Martin Luther King Jr., Atlanta, American clergyman and leader of the Civil Rights Movement (Nobel 1964)

1929-03-12

Lupe Anguiano, Mexican-American civil rights activist

1930-06-24

Flip Schulke, Stills of the Movement: The Civil Rights Photojournalism of Flip Schulke

1930-11-10

Clarence M Pendleton Jr, chairman of US comm on Civil Rights (1981-88)

1933-03-17

Myrlie Evers, Stills of the Movement: The Civil Rights Photojournalism of Flip Schulke

1933-06-25

James Meredith, American civil rights activist

1935-08-15

Vernon Eulion Jordan Jr, civil rights activist (National Urban League)

1938-02-17

Mary Frances Berry, educator/head (US Commission on Civil Rights)

1938-12-16

Jimmie Lee Jackson, Marion Alabama, American civil rights protestor

1939-12-09

Patrician Stephens Due, Quincy, Florida, African-American civil rights activist (FAMU jail-in), (d. 2012)

1940-01-14

Julian Bond, Nashville Tenn, (D-Ga) civil rights leader

1943-05-10

James Earl Chaney, US civil rights activist

1943-11-06

Michael Schwerner, civil rights worker, murdered in 1964

1943-11-23

Andrew Goodman, civil rights worker, murdered in 1964

1954-10-03

Al Sharpton [Alfred Charles], Brooklyn, New York, minister and civil rights activist (Keepin' It Real)

1979-12-14

Chris Cheng, Assaulted: Civil Rights Under Fire

1982-05-06

Dan Vilela, Silver Wings & Civil Rights: The Fight to Fly

Civil Rights - Notable Weddings

Rosa ParksDec 18, 1932

Martin Luther KingJun 18, 1953

Alice WalkerMar 17, 1967

Civil Rights - Weddings
Date Event
1932-12-18

Civil rights activist Rosa Parks (19) weds Raymond Parks (29) in Montgomery, Alabama

1953-06-18

Civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr. (24) marries fellow activist and singer Coretta Scott (26)

1967-03-17

Novelist Alice Walker (23) weds civil rights lawyer Melvyn Leventhal in New York City

Civil Rights - Notable Deaths

Jimmie Lee JacksonFeb 26, 1965

Rosa ParksOct 24, 2005

Dorothy HeightApr 20, 2010

Fred ShuttlesworthOct 5, 2011

Civil Rights - Deaths
Date Event
1673-08-21

Isaac Sweers, Dutch fleet admiral/Civil rights activist, dies at 51

1817-09-09

Paul Cuffe, civil rights activist (Sierre Leone), dies at 58

1874-03-11

Charles Sumner, a white civil rights leader, dies at 63

1939-03-19

Lloyd L. Gaines, American civil rights activist

1954-07-24

Mary Church Terrell, educator/civil rights leader, dies at 90

1955-05-18

Mary McLeod Bethune, educator & civil rights leader, dies at 79

1955-09-07

Earnest Rabel, Austrian/US civil rights activist, dies at 81

1964-06-21

Andrew Goodman, US civil rights activist, murdered at 20

1964-06-21

James Chaney, US civil rights activist, murdered at 21

1964-06-21

Michael Schwerner, US civil rights activist, murder at 21

1965-02-26

Jimmie Lee Jackson, civil rights activist, dies from gunshot wounds at 26

1965-03-11

James Reeb, US vicar/civil rights activist, murdered

1965-03-25

Viola Gregg Liuzzo, US civil rights activist, murdered

1970-07-02

Jessie Street, Australian civil rights activist, dies

1976-05-01

T.R.M. Howard, civil rights leader, entrepreneur, surgeon (b. 1908)

1977-03-14

Fannie Lou Hamer, American civil rights activist (b. 1917)

1979-05-16

Asa Philip Randolph, labor leader & civil rights pioneer, dies at 90

1981-09-08

Roy Wilkins, American civil rights activist (b. 1901)

1987-08-24

Bayard Rustin, US civil rights activist, dies at 77

1988-06-05

Clarence M Pendleton, chairman of comm on Civil Rights (1981-88) dies

1990-04-17

Ralph David Abernathy, US civil rights leader, dies

1990-10-17

Ralph Abernathy, civil rights activist, dies at 64

1996-03-10

Lucius E Burch Jr, US civil rights leader, dies at 84

1998-11-15

Stokely Carmichael, American civil rights activist (b. 1941)

1998-12-14

Aloyisus Leon Higginbotham, Jr., American civil rights activist and author (b. 1928)

2001-04-24

Leon Sullivan, African-American civil rights leader and pastor (b. 1922)

2002-12-06

Philip Berrigan, American civil rights activist (b. 1923)

2005-01-10

James Forman, American civil rights leader (b. 1928)

2005-03-30

Fred Korematsu, American civil rights activist (b. 1919)

2005-10-12

C. Delores Tucker, American politician and civil rights activist (b. 1927)

2005-10-13

Vivian Malone Jones, American civil rights activist (b. 1942)

2005-10-24

Rosa Parks, American civil rights activist, dies of natural causes at 92

2006-03-06

Anne Braden, American civil rights activist (b. 1924)

2006-10-24

Enolia McMillan, American civil rights activist (b. 1904)

2007-08-10

Henry Cabot Lodge Bohler, American member of Tuskegee Airmen and civil rights activist (b. 1925)

2007-11-10

Augustus F. Hawkins, American politician and civil rights lawmaker (b. 1907)

2008-05-15

Flip Schulke, Stills of the Movement: The Civil Rights Photojournalism of Flip Schulke

2008-07-27

Paul E. Brown, Silver Wings & Civil Rights: The Fight to Fly

2008-08-23

Howard Baugh, Silver Wings & Civil Rights: The Fight to Fly

2008-12-19

James Bevel, 1960s Civil rights movement leader (b. 1936)

2010-01-05

Murray Saltzman, Reform Jewish rabbi and civil rights leader (b. 1929)

2010-04-20

Dorothy Height, American civil rights activist, dies at 98

2010-04-20

Dorothy Height, Before the Memories Fade: Voices from the Civil Rights Movement

2010-05-24

Raymond V. Haysbert, African-American business executive and civil rights leader (b. 1920)

2011-10-05

Fred Shuttlesworth, American civil rights activist, dies at 89

2011-10-05

Derrick Bell, American legal scholar and civil rights advocate (b. 1930)

2012-01-02

Gordon Hirabayashi, civil rights activist and WWII internment opponent dies after Alzheimer's disease at 93

2012-01-03

Robert L Carter, American civil rights activist and judge, dies after complications from a stroke at 94

2012-02-07

Patricia Stephens Due, African-American civil rights activist, dies from Alzheimer's disease at 72

2017-04-25

Fred Heatley, a founder of the civil rights movement, dies aged 82


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