History Hop Tags - Commonwealth

Commonwealth
Commonwealth - Notable Historical Events

Charles IIMay 29, 1660

Oliver CromwellJan 30, 1661

Theodore RooseveltAug 31, 1910

FDRNov 14, 1935

Manuel RoxasMay 28, 1946

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Commonwealth - Historical Events
Date Event
1594-02-19

Having already inherited the throne of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth through his mother, Catherine Jagellonica of Poland, Sigismund III of the House of Vasa is crowned King of Sweden, succeeding his father John III of Sweden.

1605-09-27

The armies of Sweden are utterly defeated by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the Battle of Kircholm.

1610-06-24

Battle of Klushino: King Sigismund II's Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth army beats Russia & Sweden

1649-05-19

An Act declaring England a Commonwealth is passed by the Long Parliament. England would be a republic for the next eleven years.

1652-08-26

Battle of Plymouth: General-at-Sea George Ayscue of the Commonwealth of England attacked a convoy of the Dutch Republic commanded by Vice-Commodore Michiel de Ruyter. Dutch victory

1658-09-03

Richard Cromwell ("Tumbledown Dick") succeeds his father as Lord Protector of the Commonwealth

1660-05-29

On his 30th birthday Charles II returns to London from exile in the Netherlands to claim the English throne after the Puritan Commonwealth comes to an end

1661-01-30

Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England is ritually executed after having been dead for two years.

1667-01-30

Treaty/Truce of Andrusovo signed between Tsardom of Russia & Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

1673-11-11

Second Battle of Khotyn in the Ukraine, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth forces under the command of Jan Sobieski. defeat the Ottoman army. In this battle, rockets of Kazimierz Siemienowicz were successfully used.

1791-05-03

The Constitution of May 3 (the first modern constitution in Europe) is proclaimed by the Sejm of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

1795-03-28

Partitions of Poland: The Duchy of Courland, a northern fief of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, ceases to exist and becomes part of Imperial Russia.

1856-01-29

Victoria Cross established to acknowledge valour in the face of the enemy (United Kingdom and Commonwealth countries)

1859-12-18

South Carolina declared an "independent commonwealth"

1869-05-26

Boston University is chartered by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

1894-04-29

Commonwealth of Christ (Coxey's Army) arrives in Wash, DC 500 strong to protest unemployment; Coxey arrested for trespassing at Capitol

1900-07-09

The Commonwealth of Australia is established by the British House of Commons

1900-09-17

Commonwealth of Australia proclaimed

1910-08-31

Theodore Roosevelt makes a speech in Kansas advocating a 'square deal': property shall be 'the servant and not the master of the commonwealth'

1912-01-04

The Scout Association is incorporated throughout the British Commonwealth by Royal Charter.

1914-10-01

The first division of Canadian troops, 33,000 sail for Britain; most Canadians are volunteers, anxious to prove their loyalty to the Commonwealth

1915-07-01

Australia begins Commonwealth Lighthouse Service

1926-11-22

Imperial Conference ends, giving autonomy inside British Commonwealth

1935-11-14

FDR proclaims Philippine Islands a free commonwealth

1935-11-15

Commonwealth of Philippines inaugurated

1942-12-06

Queen Wilhelmina announces Dutch Commonwealth

1946-05-28

Manuel Roxas was inaugurated as the last President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines

1947-07-01

British Dominion Affairs office becomes Commonwealth Relations office

1949-04-18

Republic of Ireland withdraws from British Commonwealth

1949-11-26

India adopts a constitution as a British Commonwealth Republic

1952-07-25

Puerto Rico becomes a self-governing US commonwealth (Constitution Day)

1952-08-25

Puerto Rico becomes a US commonwealth

1956-03-23

Pakistan proclaimed an Islamic republic in Commonwealth (Natl Day)

1958-03-12

British Empire Day is renamed "Commonwealth Day"

1959-05-24

Empire Day renamed Commonwealth Day in Great Britain

1960-05-09

Nigeria becomes a member of British Commonwealth

1961-03-15

South Africa withdrews from British Commonwealth

1961-03-17

South Africa leaves British Commonwealth

1961-05-31

Union of South Africa becomes a republic, leaves Commonwealth

1961-10-09

Tanganyika becomes independent within British Commonwealth

1961-11-16

Great Britain limits immigration from Commonwealth countries

1962-12-09

Tanganyika becomes a republic within British Commonwealth

1963-10-01

Nigeria becomes a republic within Commonwealth

1970-04-24

Gambia becomes a republic within Commonwealth

1971-11-25

Leader of the British Labour Party Harold Wilson proposes that Britain should work towards a withdrawal from Northern Ireland, with the consent of Protestants, after a period of 15 years; as part of the proposal the Republic of Ireland would rejoin the British Commonwealth

1972-01-30

Pakistan withdraws from the Commonwealth

1972-04-19

Bangladesh becomes a member of British Commonwealth

1975-06-17

Voters in Northern Mariana Is approve commonwealth status with US

1978-01-09

Commonwealth of Northern Marianas established

1980-03-01

CTUC, Commonwealth Trade Union Council, established

1986-07-13

Zola Budd and Annette Cowley are banned from the Commonwealth Games, a direct consequence of Britain's refusal to support economic sanctions against the apartheid government of South Africa

1986-11-03

Northern Mariana Islands becomes a Commonwealth associated with US

1991-12-08

Russia, Belorussia & Ukraine form Commonwealth of Ind States

1991-12-21

Soviet Union formally dissolves 11 of 12 republics sign treaty forming Commonwealth of Independent States

1992-03-12

Mauritius becomes a republic while remaining a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.

1998-09-11

Opening ceremony for the 1998 Commonwealth Games in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Malaysia is the first Asian country to host the games.

2014-07-23

2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow holds its opening ceremony

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Commonwealth - Birthdays
Date Event
1611-01-07

James Harrington, England, political author (Commonwealth of Oceans)

1870-05-24

Jan Christiaan Smuts, Prime Minister of South Africa and proponent of Commonwealth & League of Nations (d. 1950)

1924-06-09

Peter Heatly, CEO (Commonwealth Games Federation)

1926-04-17

Arthur Hockaday, director-Gen (Commonwealth War Graves Commission)

1928-08-21

Christopher Brasher, Commonwealth Games 1958

1928-10-02

James Porter, CEO (Commonwealth Institute)

1951-02-22

Elaine Tanner, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canadian swimmer (1966 Commonwealth Games, 1968 Olympics)

1974-08-27

Mohammad Yousuf, Commonwealth Bank Series: Australia vs Pakistan: Game 5

1977-04-30

Nathan Robertson, Commonwealth Games

1977-07-15

David Hussey, Commonwealth Bank Series: Australia vs England: Game 3

1978-10-24

James Hopes, Commonwealth Bank Series: Australia vs West Indies: Game 5

1979-10-11

Ryan Harris, Commonwealth Bank Series: Australia vs Pakistan: Game 5

1981-11-02

Mitchell Johnson, Commonwealth Bank Series: Australia vs Sri Lanka: Game 3

1983-02-20

Clint McKay, Commonwealth Bank Series: Australia vs Pakistan: Game 5

1983-07-09

Shaun Marsh, Commonwealth Bank Series: Australia vs England: Game 2

1986-9-12

Jo Jackson, Commonwealth Games 2010

1989-03-02

Chris Woakes, Commonwealth Bank Series: Australia vs England: Game 5 - Flood Relief Appeal

1991-07-23

Lauren Mitchell, Commonwealth Games 2010

1994-03-01

Laura Edwards, Commonwealth Games 2010

1996-05-09

Grace Reid, Commonwealth Games 2010

Commonwealth - Weddings
Date Event
1576-05-01

Stefan Batory, the reigning Prince of Transylvania, marries Anna Jagiellon and they become the co-rulers of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

2006-03-31

2006 Commonwealth Games gold medalist Jana Pittman (23) weds track and field athlete Chris Rawlinson (33) at Morning Star Estate on Mornington Peninsula in Australia

Commonwealth - Deaths
Date Event
1510-07-17

Tree of Commonwealth, beheaded at about 48

1993-03-22

Cec Pepper, cricketer (NSW & Commonwealth XI leggie), dies

1994-02-09

Arnold Smith, Brit 1st sec-gen of Commonwealth (1965-75), dies at 79

2003-02-28

Christopher Brasher, Commonwealth Games 1958


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