History Hop Tags - German

German - Notable Historical Events

Henry IVApr 30, 1064

Frederick IJun 18, 1155

GalileoJan 1, 1610

Louis XIVNov 1, 1671

Carl Friedrich GaussMar 30, 1796

Otto Von BismarckOct 8, 1862

Rudolf VirchowSep 22, 1877

Robert KochMar 24, 1882

Ferdinand von ZeppelinMar 14, 1889

Wilhelm RöntgenNov 8, 1895

Nicholas IINov 4, 1910

Charles de GaulleAug 15, 1914

The Red BaronSep 17, 1916

William George BarkerNov 15, 1916

George VJul 17, 1917

Billy BishopJun 1, 1918

Adolf HitlerJul 29, 1921

Calvin CoolidgeNov 22, 1923

Wernher von BraunNov 1, 1932

Albert EinsteinDec 5, 1932

Hermann GoeringFeb 3, 1933

Joe LouisJun 19, 1936

RibbentropDec 6, 1938

Winston ChurchillOct 30, 1939

RommelJun 19, 1940

StalinApr 3, 1941

Joseph GoebbelsNov 19, 1942

Anne FrankAug 4, 1944

Hermann HesseDec 10, 1946

Konrad AdenauerMar 27, 1952

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German - Historical Events
Date Event
476-08-28

German ruler Flavius Odoacer captures Pavia

842-02-14

Charles II & Louis the German sign treaty

843-08-10

Treaty of Verdun: Brothers Lotharius I, Louis the German & Charles the Bare divide France

860-08-01

Peace of Koblenz: Charles the Bare, Louis the German & Lotharius II

911-11-08

Duke Koenraad I chosen German king

911-11-10

Conrad I elecect German King

933-03-15

Battle at Riade: German King Henry I beats Magyaren

936-08-08

German king Otto I the Great crowned

961-05-26

German King Otto II crowned

962-02-02

Pope John XII crowns German King Otto I the Great Emperor

967-12-25

John XIII crowned Otto II the Red German compassionate emperor

996-06-21

Pope Gregory V crowns Otto III Roman Catholic German emperor of Elzas

1002-06-06

German King Henry II the Saint crowned

1014-02-14

Pope Benedict VIII crowns Henry II Roman German Emperor

1024-09-08

Duke Koenraad II chosen German king

1028-04-14

German emperor Conrad II the Sailor crowns his son Henry III, king

1037-05-28

German emperor Koenraad II removes "Constitutio the Feudis"

1046-12-20

Synod of Sutri: German King Henry III removes Popes Gregory VI

1064-04-30

German King Henry IV gives away Utrecht county of West Friesland

1075-06-09

Battle at Homburg/Unstrut: German King Henry IV beats Saksen

1076-01-24

Synod of Worms: German King Henry IV fires Pope Gregory VII

1077-01-21

German King Heinrich IV petitions Pope Gregory VII for forgiveness

1077-01-28

German King Henry IV is absolved by Holy Roman Emperor Pope Gregory VII after his penitent Walk to Canossa.

1077-01-30

Pope Gregory VII pardons German emperor Henry IV

1084-03-31

Anti-pope Clemens crowns German King Hendrik IV as Holy Roman Emperor

1087-05-30

German emperor Henry IV crowns his son Koenraad

1090-07-03

Battle at Hagenoorde: German emperor beats earl Egbert II

1099-01-06

Henry V crowned German king

1111-02-12

German King Hendry V arrives at St Peter, Rome

1111-04-13

Pope Paschalis II crowns Roman catholics-German king Hendrik II

1125-09-13

Duke Lotharius of Supplinburg crowned as German king Lotharius III

1133-06-04

Rome-Innocentius II crowns Lotharius III Roman-German emperor

1138-03-07

Conrad II von Hohenstaufen re-elected German king

1138-03-13

German king Koenraad II von Hohenstaufen crowned

1147-10-25

Seljuk Turks defeat German crusaders under Conrad III at the Battle of Dorylaeum.

1155-06-18

Pope Adrian IV crowns Frederick I Barbarossa Roman-German Emperor

1205-03-06

Aken, [Philips van Zwaben], crowned Roman-Catholic German King

1208-11-11

Otto van Wittelsbach chosen German king

1209-10-04

Pope Innocent II crowns German king Otto of Wittelsbach

1220-04-26

German king Frederick II grants bishops sovereign rights

1227-09-29

Pope Gregory IX excommunicate German emperor Frederik II

1247-10-03

Willem II of Holland elected Roman Catholic German emperor

1248-11-01

Earl Willem II of Holland crowned as RC German emperor

1273-10-01

Earl Rudolf van Habsburg becomes Roman Catholic-German king

1298-07-02

Battle on Hasenbuhl (Gollheim) between German kings Adolf & Albrecht I

1307-01-18

German king Albrecht I makes his son Rudolf king of Bohemia

1310-08-31

German king Heinrich VII makes his son Johan king of Bohemia

1338-06-16

German monarch declares pope & king's decree redundant

1338-07-16

German monarch signs Treaty of Rense

1346-04-13

Pope Clemens VI declares German emperor Louis of Bavaria, envoy

1347-07-11

Heir to the Bohemian throne elected German anti-king Charles IV

1349-01-30

Gunther of Schwarzburg chosen German anti-king

1356-01-10

German emperor Charles I delegates Golden Degree

1362-01-16

A great storm tide in the North Sea destroys the German island of Strand and the city of Rungholt.

1436-07-05

German emperor Sigismund signs peace with Hussieten

1488-02-05

Roman catholic German emperor Maximilian I caught in Belgium

1492-05-15

Cheese & Bread rebellion: German mercenaries kill 232 residents of Alkmaar, Netherlands

1493-12-23

Georg Alt's German translation of Hartmann Schedel's Nuremberg Chronicle is published.

1507-04-25

German cartographer Martin Waldseemuller 1st to use the name America on his world map Universalis Cosmographia

1520-10-23

King Carlos I crowned German emperor Charles V

1521-11-19

Battle at Milan: Emperor Karel V's/pontifical/Spanish/German troops beat France & occupy Milan

1522-03-09

-16] Marten Luther begins preaching his Invocavit Sermons in German city of Wittenberg

1524-07-15

Emperor Karel I bans German national synode

1525-02-20

Swiss & German mercenaries desert Francois I's army

1525-05-15

The battle of Frankenhausen: German peasant army surrounded, 5,000 slaughtered ; ends the peasants' uprising

1525-07-19

Catholic German monarchy form Union of Dessau

1526-05-02

German evangelical monarchy joins Schmalkaldische League

1527-05-06

Spanish & German Imperial troops sack Rome; ending Renaissance

1530-06-20

German Parliament joins to Augsburg together

1531-02-27

Evangelical German monarchy/towns form Schmalkaldische Union

1534-01-24

Francois I signs classified treaty with evangelical German monarchy

1534-05-12

German Duchy of Wurttemberg becomes Lutheran under Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg

1538-06-10

Catholic German monarchy signs League of Neuremberg

1539-04-19

Charles, protestant German monarch, signs Treaty of Frankrfurt

1545-03-24

German Parliament opens in Worms

1547-05-16

Protestant German monarch surrenders to Karel in Wittenberg

1547-09-01

Charles demands creation of Imperial League (German state)

1552-01-15

France signs secret treaty with German Protestants

1558-12-29

Charles V, German Emperor, buried

1577-07-24

Spanish army/German mercenaries conquer Namur

1591-02-03

German monarchy forms Protestant Union of Torgau

1609-07-10

Catholic German monarchy forms Catholic League

1610-01-01

German astronomer Simon Marius first discovers the Jupiter moons, but does not officially report it, Galileo does on July 1 1610

1612-12-15

German Astronomer Simon Marius is 1st to observe Andromeda galaxy through a telescope

1625-04-07

Albrecht von Wallenstein appointed German supreme commander

1630-07-03

Emperor Ferdinand II opens German Parliament

1631-01-23

France & Sweden sign anti-German Treaty of Barwald

1633-04-23

Sweden & Protestant German monarchy form Union of Heilbronn

1634-08-26

Battle at Nordlingen Bavarian: emperor Ferdinand II & Spain beat Sweden & German protestants

1634-09-05

-6] Battle at Nordlingen: King Ferdinand III & Spain beat Sweden & German protestants

1634-09-06

Battle at Nordlingen ends in Swedish/protestant German defeat

1653-05-24

German Parliament selects Ferdinand II king of Austria

1671-11-01

French King Louis XIV & RC German emperor Leopold I sign secret anti-Dutch treaty

1674-05-28

German Parliament declares war on France

1679-02-05

German emperor Leopold I signs peace with France

1689-02-15

German Parliament declares war on France

1704-08-13

French & Bavarian forces were routed by a combined British, German & Dutch army at Blenheim, Germany

1709-09-03

1st major group of Swiss/German colonists reaches NC/SC

1717-01-14

German mob leader "Sjako" sentenced to death in Amsterdam

1733-09-26

France, Spain & Sardinia sign anti-German covenant

1742-01-24

German leaders elect Charles VII Albert Emperor

1745-09-12

Duke of Toscane chosen German emperor Frans I Stefanus

1757-01-17

German Diet declares war on Prussia

1761-12-16

Seven Years' War: After four-month siege, Russian army under Pyotr Rumyantsev takes Prussian fortress of Kolobrzeg (German: Kolberg).

1796-03-30

Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician, discovers the construction of the heptadecagon

1796-04-08

Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician, proves the quadratic reciprocity law (the ability to determine the solvability of any quadratic equation in modular arithmetic)

1803-02-25

1,800 sovereign German states unite into 60 states

1804-09-01

Juno, one of the largest main belt asteroids, was discovered by German astronomer Karl Ludwig Harding.

1811-01-08

Louisiana slave revolt by Charles Deslondes at German Coast

1813-10-20

German Kingdom of Westphalia abolished

1814-11-28

The Times of London is for the first time printed by automatic, steam powered presses built by the German inventors Friedrich Koenig and Andreas Friedrich Bauer, signaling the beginning of the availability of newspapers to a mass audience.

1815-06-08

39 German states unite under Act of Confederation

1829-10-17

1st supposed attack on abandoned German teenager Kaspar Hauser

1834-01-01

German Tolunie goes into effect

1835-12-07

Bavarian Ludwig railway opens - first German steam railway

1844-10-01

German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt departs Jimbour, the farthest outpost of settlement on the Queensland Darling Downs, to begin his exploration of Australia's Northern Territory from Moreton Bay to Port Essington

1845-12-17

German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt arrives in Port Essington after a nearly 4,800 km (3,000 mi) overland journey to explore Australia's Northern Territory

1846-03-25

German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt arrives in Sydney to a hero's welcome after completing his exploration of Australia's Northern Territory

1847-05-24

German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt is awarded the Patron's Medal by the Royal Geographical Society, London in recognition of 'the increased knowledge of the great continent of Australia' gained by his Moreton Bay-Port Essington journey

1847-07-20

German astronomer Theodor discovers Comet Brorsen-Metcalf

1847-10-01

German inventor and industrialist Werner von Siemens founds Siemens AG & Halske.

1848-04-03

German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt is seen for the last time at McPherson's Station, Coogoon, before he disappears on the same expedition to reach the Swan River

1848-05-18

Opening of the first German National Assembly (Nationalversammlung) in Frankfurt, Germany.

1848-07-19

German Parliament demands Dutch province of Limburg

1848-11-09

Robert Blum, a German revolutionary and MP (Liberal), is executed in Vienna.

1849-05-03

The May Uprising in Dresden begins - the last of the German revolutions of 1848.

1850-01-26

1st German language daily newspaper in US published, NYC

1850-11-29

The treaty, Punctation of Olmütz, signed in Olomouc means diplomatic capitulation of Prussia to Austrian Empire, which took over the leadership of German Confederation.

1854-03-01

German psychologist Friedrich Eduard Beneke disappears; two years later his remains are found in a canal near Charlottenburg.

1860-05-17

German football club TSV 1860 München is founded

1862-10-08

Otto Von Bismarck becomes chancellor of the German Empire

1864-02-01

2nd German-Danish war begins

1866-05-07

German premier Otto Von Bismarck seriously wounded in assassination attempt

1868-04-10

1st performance of John Brahms' "A German Requiem"

1871-01-18

2nd German Empire proclaimed by Kaiser Wilhelm I & Bismarck

1871-04-16

German Empire ends all anti-Jewish civil restrictions

1873-09-15

Last German troops leave France

1873-09-16

German troops leave France

1875-05-07

German SS Schiller sinks near Scilly Islands, 312 killed

1877-09-22

Rudolf Virchow delivers an anti-Darwinian speech to the Congress of German Naturalist and Physicians, Munich where he spoke against the teaching of the theory of evolution in schools

1878-05-31

German battleship SMS Grosser Kurfürst sinks, 284 killed

1878-07-30

German anti-semitism begins during the Reichstag election

1878-10-21

German republic chancellor Bismarck delegates end of "Socialism"

1882-03-24

German scientist Robert Koch discovers bacillus cause of TB

1884-07-05

German consul-general Gustav Nachtigal takes possession of Cameroon

1884-11-08

German government recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State

1885-02-12

Carl Peters founds German East-Africa Society

1885-05-19

German chancellor Bismarck takes possession of Cameroon & Togoland

1885-08-07

5 German warships anchor at Zanzibar

1885-08-29

Gottlieb Daimler receives German patent for a motorcycle

1885-09-24

Five German warships depart to Zanzibar

1889-03-14

German Ferdinand von Zeppelin patents his "Navigable Balloon"

1889-03-15

6 US & German warships perish in harbor of Apia Samoa, 200 die

1889-09-05

German Christine Hardt patents the first modern brassiere

1890-03-20

German emperor Wilhelm II fires republic chancellor Otto Von Bismarck

1893-04-12

Battle at Hoornkrans Southwest-Africa: German Schutztruppen chases away Hottentotten under Hendrik Witbooi

1894-10-28

German emperor Wilhelm II fires chancellor Leo von Caprivi & premier Botho zu Eulenburg

1895-11-08

German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen produces and detects electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as X-rays or Röntgen rays

1899-03-06

"Asprin" (acetylsalicylic acid) patented by Felix Hoffmann at German company Bayer

1899-12-23

Tentative Turkish & German treaty on construction of Baghdad railway

1899-12-29

English fleet brings German postschip Bundesrath up

1900-01-16

The United States Senate accepts the Anglo-German treaty of 1899 in which the United Kingdom renounces its claims to the Samoan islands.

1900-06-12

In Germany, the Reichstag pass the second Navy Bill, which calls for doubling the German Navy within 20 years

1900-06-13

In China, Baron von Kettler, the German minister to China, beats two young Boxers with his walking stick; when word of this circulates, rioting and arson spread throughout Peking during the night.

1900-06-14

The Reichstag approves a second law that allows the expansion of the German navy.

1900-06-20

Baron Von Ketteler, German Minister, decides to go to the Chinese authorities to demand more guards for European protection from Boxers and is killed by Boxers en route

1900-06-30

4 German liners burn at Hobokon Docks NJ, 326 die

1900-10-16

Great Britain and Germany sign the Anglo-German Treaty, in which they agree to maintain the territorial integrity of China and support the 'open door' policy called for by US secretary of State

1900-11-30

A German engineer patents front-wheel drive for automobiles

1900-12-01

Exiled South African president Paul Kruger visits Flanders and on the same day is declined a visit from the German Kaiser

1901-10-25

In Great Britain, Joseph Chamberlain, Colonial Affairs Secretary, makes an anti-German speech in Edinburgh; when word reaches Germany it leads to widespread agitation against the British and eventual breakdown of negotiations for an Anglo-German alliance

1902-01-10

Although it has professed neutrality in the Boer War, German Chancellor von Bulow joins others in attacking British actions in South Africa

1902-06-05

Kaiser Wilhelm II responds to growing demands from Polish and other Slavic peoples living within German territory by calling for more 'Germanization' of the slavs

1902-12-13

British and German ships begin to bombard the Venezuelan forts after President Castro refuses to comply with an ultimatum demanding that he claims for damages caused during his takeover of the government in 1899; Castro asks US President Roosevelt to arbitrate

1904-01-12

Southwest-Africa uprising under Samuel Maherero against German garison

1904-04-13

Battle at Oviumbo Africa: Herero's chase away German army

1904-06-11

German Lt-Gen Lothar von Trotha lands in Swapokmund, SW-Africa

1904-08-11

German-ltalian General Von Trotha defeats Herero in SW Africa

1904-12-24

German SW Africa abolishes slavery of young children

1905-04-01

SOS first adopted as a morse distress signal ( · · · — — — · · · ) by German government

1905-06-06

French Foreign minister Delcasse resigns on German request

1905-07-31

Matumbi rebellion at Samanga German East Africa

1905-08-14

Ngindo-rebellion killed 5 RC German clergymen in East-Africa

1905-08-16

Mbunga-rebellion occupy German post Ifakara East-Africa

1905-08-30

Pogoro/Ngindo attack Fort Mahenge German East-Africa

1905-08-31

Mbunga-rebellion takes German Fort Mahenge East-Africa

1905-09-23

Mbunga-siege of Fort Mahenge German East-Africa broken

1906-03-31

GB Shaw's German version of "Caesar & Cleopatra" premieres in Berlin

1906-06-05

Determined to keep pace with Britain as a major naval power, the German Reichstag passes new navy legislation, increasing the total tonnage in Germany's fleet

1906-12-13

German chancellor Bernhard von Bulow disbands the Parliament

1907-12-13

German emperor Wilhelm II visits Amsterdam

1908-06-14

Fourth German Navy Bill is passed authorising the financing the building of another four major warships.

1908-10-28

The English Newspaper the Daily Telegraph prints an interview with Germany's Kaiser Wilhelm II, who characterises himself as personally friendly to Britain but suggests the German people people are hostile, causing uproar in both countries

1908-12-09

The German Reichstag adopts a progressive social law restricting hours of factory work by young people and women

1909-03-12

Alarmed over increasing German naval strength, Parliament passes a new naval appropriations bill

1910-04-24

German Catholic youth movement Quickborn forms

1910-11-04

Russian Tsar Nicholas II visits German Emperor Wilhelm II at Potsdam; they force tentative agreements on spheres of influence in the Middle East

1911-07-01

The German gunboat 'Panther' arrives off Agadir allegedly to protect German interests and nationals in Morocco

1911-07-31

Hungarian education is only taught in German

1912-02-08

British Emissary journeys to Berlin to suggest that Britain might support German colonial aspirations in Africa if Germany agrees to hold her current naval strength

1912-07-22

In the face of ever-increasing German naval power, the British Admiralty decides to recall British warships from the Mediterranean and base them in the North Sea

1913-04-21

German passenger ship Imperator runs aground

1913-06-30

To increase the peacetime strength of the German Army, the Reichstag pass the Army and Finance Bills, a massive defense buildup

1913-08-13

Otto Witte, a German acrobat and fantasist, is purportedly crowned King of Albania.

1914-07-25

Germany Socialist-Democrat Party declares: "No German blood for Austrian tyrant" in response to German support of Austria-Hungary

1914-07-30

French troops withdraw 10 km from German border

1914-07-31

German Emperor Wilhelm II threatens war, orders Russia to demobilize

1914-08-01

Trois Vierges: German 69th infantry regiment enters Luxembourg on outbreak of WWI

1914-08-02

Belgian government receives German ultimatum

1914-08-02

German press falsely reports that French bombed Nuremberg

1914-08-02

German troops overthrows Luxembourg

1914-08-03

Belgium rejects demand to allow free crossing for German army

1914-08-03

German battle cruiser Goeben leaves Messina

1914-08-04

WWI: German army shoots Belgian priests and burns down village of Battice

1914-08-04

German fleet under admiral Souchon fire on Algerian coast

1914-08-04

WWI: King Albert I becomes Supreme Commander of Belgian army after German declaration of war

1914-08-05

Massive German assault on forts around Liège

1914-08-05

Westerschelde leaves due to German invasion in Belgium

1914-08-06

WWI: German Zeppelin bombs Liege, 9 killed

1914-08-07

Engagement between British cruiser HMS Gloucester and German cruisers SMS Breslau and SMS Goeben off Greece

1914-08-07

German army occupies city of Liege, Belgium

1914-08-09

German U-15 was sunk by the British cruiser, H.M.S. Birmingham

1914-08-10

At Liege, German 12"/16.5" guns reach Belgian boundary

1914-08-10

German battle cruiser Goeben reaches Dardanellen/Turkey joins Germany

1914-08-10

German troops reconquer Mulhouse in Elzas

1914-08-12

German 16.5"/12" guns fires on forts round Liege

1914-08-13

-14] German army occupies forts at Liege

1914-08-15

Dinant Belgium destroyed by German bombs

1914-08-15

German assault at Dinant: Lt Charles de Gaulle (24), injured

1914-08-16

German army occupies last fort at Liege, Belgian general Leman caught

1914-08-19

German army executed 150 Belgians by firing squad

1914-08-19

German fleet bombs English coast

1914-08-20

German General von Bulow executes 211 Belgians

1914-08-20

Battle at Morhange: German troops chase French, killing thousands

1914-08-20

German army captured Brussels as the Belgian army retreated to Antwerp

1914-08-21

Belgium: German troops occupy Tamines

1914-08-22

1st encounter between British & German troops (in Belgium)

1914-08-22

German troops execute 384 inhabitants of Tamines Belgium

1914-08-23

-24] German troops plunder Belgium

1914-08-24

German troops occupy Namur, Belgium

1914-08-25

Belgium: German army begins 6 week plundering of Leuven, Belgium

1914-08-25

German Zeppelins bomb Antwerp, Belgium, 10 die

1914-08-25

German troops march into France and push French army to the Sedan

1914-08-26

Battle of Tannenberg (WWI) - 8th German army defeats Russian Narev army

1914-08-28

Third day of Battle of Tannenberg (WWI): violent German/Russian battles

1914-08-28

Battle of Helgoland: British fleet beats German, 1,100 killed

1914-08-29

New Zealand force capture German Samoa

1914-08-30

1st German plane bombs Paris, 2 killed

1914-08-31

German troops reconquer Soldau/Neidenburg East-Prussia

1914-09-04

General von Moltke ceases German advance in France

1914-09-05

US President Wilson orders the US Navy to make its wireless stations accessible for any transatlantic communications - even to German diplomats sending coded messages; this will lead to the interception of the Zimmermann telegram, helping to bring the US into the war

1914-09-05

- till the 12th Sept Battle of Marne (WWI) begins French and British forces prevent German forces advancing on Paris

1914-09-11

Australia invades New Britain, defeating a German contingent there.

1914-09-14

German staff-of-chief Helmut von Moltke replaced by Erich von Falkenhayn

1914-09-14

German troops withdraw from Aisne/invent trenches

1914-09-18

Gen Paul von Hindenburg named commander of German armies on Eastern Front

1914-09-18

South African troops land in German South West Africa

1914-09-22

1 German submarine sinks 3 British ironclads, 1,459 die

1914-09-28

German forces move into Antwerp Belgium (WW I)

1914-10-09

German troops take Antwerp in World War I

1914-10-10

German forces route Belgians in Antwerp Belgium (WW I)

1914-10-11

German troops occupy Gent

1914-10-13

Pro-German Boers begin opposition to British authority in South Africa

1914-10-14

German troops occupy Brug

1914-10-21

Battle of Warsaw ends with German defeat

1914-10-28

German battle cruiser Goeben enters Black Sea

1914-11-01

German-British naval battle at Coronel, Chile

1914-11-07

Japanese attack German concession on Chinese peninsula of Shanghai

1914-11-07

The German colony of Kiaochow Bay and its centre at Tsingtao are captured by Japanese forces.

1914-11-09

Off Cocos Island, near Sumatra, the Australian cruiser 'Sydney' sinks German cruiser 'Emden', which has been attacking ships in the Pacific

1914-11-12

Turks sultan Jamal Pasja declares a German holy war

1914-11-22

Ypres, Belgium, burned by German bombing

1914-12-06

German troops over run Lodz

1914-12-08

British & German fleets battle at Falkland Island

1914-12-15

British fleet forfeits chance to destroy German fleet in North Sea

1914-12-16

World War I: German battleships under Franz Von Hipper bombard the English ports of Hartlepool and Scarborough.

1914-12-24

German plane drops bombs on Dover England

1914-12-26

The US Government protests British interference with American merchant ships at sea, but this same day the German announce they will treat food as contraband, subject to seizure; this will weaken America's protest

1915-01-19

1st German Zeppelin attack over Great Britain, 4 die

1915-01-24

German-British sea battle at Dogger Bank & Helgoland

1915-01-30

German submarine attack on Le Havre

1915-01-31

1st (German) poison gas attack, against Russians

1915-02-03

Turkish & German army reach Suez Canal

1915-02-07

2nd Battle of Masurian Lakes: German armies surrounded a Russian army

1915-02-26

Malancourt, Argonnen (1st (German) flame-thrower

1915-03-11

The British declare a blockade of all German ports

1915-03-14

German cruiser Dresden scuttled off Más a Tierra, Chile, having been pursued by the Royal Navy after the Battle of the Falkland Islands, with her engines worn out and virtually no coal.

1915-03-25

German U boat torpedoes Neth merchant ship Medea

1915-04-18

French pilot Roland Garros is shot down and glides to a landing on the German side of the lines during World War I.

1915-04-24

German army fires chloroform gas in Ieper

1915-05-01

German submarine sinks US ship Gulflight

1915-05-05

German U-20 sinks Earl of Lathom

1915-05-06

German U-20 sinks Centurion SE of Ireland

1915-05-07

SS Lusitania sunk by German submarine; 1198 lives lost

1915-05-09

German & French fight Battle of Artois

1915-06-03

The Austro-German forces recapture Przemysl, a crucial city in southeastern Poland, and the entire Russian front begins to collapse

1915-06-10

British/French troops conquer German colony of Cameroon

1915-06-20

German offensive in Argonnes

1915-07-02

Erich Muenter, an instructor in German at Cornell University, explodes a bomb in the US Senate reception room

1915-07-03

After exploding a bomb in the US Senate reception room the previous day, Erich Muenter, an instructor in German at Cornell University, shoots JP Morgan for representing the British government in war contract negotiations

1915-07-10

British/South African troops march into German SW-Africa

1915-07-11

German cruiser Königsberg sinks off Dar-es-Salam

1915-07-15

The head of German propaganda in the US, Dr Heinrich Albert, loses his briefcase on a subway in New York City; an examination of its content reveals an extensive network of German espionage and subversion across the US

1915-07-15

The Austro-German forces launch an offensive along the Eastern Front

1915-08-14

British transport Royal Edward sank by German U boat kills 1000

1915-08-17

German troops over run Kovno Lithuiana

1915-08-19

British liner 'SS Arabic' sunk by German submarine without warning leaving Liverpool for New York; killing 44. Creates diplomatic incident

1915-08-26

German troops overrun Brest-Litovsk, Russia

1915-09-01

The German ambassador to the US pledges again that German submarines will no longer sink liners without warning and providing safety of passengers and crew following the sinking of the British liner \'Arabic\'

1915-09-25

Battle of Loos commenced, lasted until 14th October. Chlorine gas deployed by the British was blown back into their own trenches: 59,000 British & 26,000 German casualties

1915-11-09

Italian liner Ancona sinks by German torpedos, killing 272

1916-01-07

German troops conquer Fort Vaux at Verdun

1916-01-28

German colony of Cameroon surrenders to Britain & France

1916-01-29

1st bombing of Paris by German Zeppelins takes place

1916-02-16

The German ambassador in Washington announces that Germany will pay an indemnity for American lives lost on the Lusitania

1916-02-18

The last German garrison in the German colony of Cameroons surrenders

1916-02-25

German troops conquer Fort Douaumont near Verdun

1916-03-14

Battle of Verdun - German attack on Mort-Homme ridge, West of Verdun

1916-03-15

Dutch merchant ship Tubantia torpedoed by German submarine & sinks in North Sea

1916-03-24

German submarines torpedo the French Channel packet 'Sussex' which is unarmed

1916-04-02

German troops overtake Bois de Caillette

1916-04-06

German parliament OKs unrestricted submarine warfare

1916-04-20

German-British sea battle off Belgian coast

1916-04-21

Sir Roger Casement, an Ulster Protestant and ardent Irish nationalist, lands on the coast from a German submarine; he attempts to get German aid for an uprising against the British

1916-05-06

Belgian troop march into Kigali, German East-Africa

1916-05-08

German munitions bunker in Fort Douaumont explodes

1916-05-18

US pilot Kiffin Rockwell shoots down German aircraft

1916-05-24

US pilot William Thaw shoots down a German Fokker

1916-05-31

Battle of Jutland (Skagerrak): naval battle betwwen British Grand Fleet and German High Seas Fleet: 10,000 die in this inconcluisve slaughter

1916-06-01

German attack on Fort Vaux, Verdun

1916-06-02

German troops under Lt Rackow take Fort Vaux

1916-07-30

German saboteurs blow up a munitions plant on Black Tom Island, NJ

1916-08-29

General Paul Von Hindenburg replaces Von Falkenhayn as German chief of staff

1916-09-11

German troops conquer Kavalla Greece

1916-09-17

World War I: Manfred von Richthofen [The Red Baron], a flying ace of the German Luftstreitkräfte, wins his first aerial combat near Cambrai, France.

1916-09-19

Belgian troops conquer Tabora, German East Africa

1916-10-07

The German submarine U-53 arrives off Newport, Rhode Island, and sinks 9 British merchant ships in international waters

1916-11-15

William George Barker, flying very low over the Ancre River, spots a large concentration of German troops massing for a counter-attack on Beaumont Hamel, and sends an emergency Zone Call brought to bear all available artillery fire in the area onto the specified target. The force of some 4,000 German infantry was effectively broken up, and Barker is awarded the Military Cross

1916-11-28

1st German air attack on London

1916-12-06

German army under Gen Mackensen occupies Bucharest

1917-02-01

German Admiral Tirpitz announces unlimited submarine war

1917-02-03

US liner Housatonic is sunk by German submarine, on the same day that US President Wilson breaks off diplomatic relations with Germany

1917-02-22

German Navy torpedoes 7 Dutch ships

1917-02-24

German plan to get Mexican help in WW I exposed (Zimmerman telegram)

1917-05-10

Atlantic ships get destroyer escorts to stop German attacks

1917-06-13

World War I: the deadliest German air raid on London during World War I is carried out by Gotha G bombers and results in 162 deaths, including 46 children, and 432 injuries.

1917-06-14

1st German air attack on England, 100+ killed in East London

1917-07-17

Royal Proclamation by King George V changes name of British Royal family from German Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor

1917-07-22

British bomb German lines at Ypres, 4,250,000 grenades

1917-08-06

World War I: Battle of Mărăşeşti between the Romanian and German armies begins.

1917-09-03

1st night bombing of London by German aircraft

1917-09-03

German troops overrun Riga, Latvia

1917-09-06

French pilot Georges Guynemer shoots down 54th German aircraft

1917-10-24

Battle at Caporetto: German & Austria smash Italian army

1917-11-20

First successful tank use in battle (Britain breaks through German lines) at Battle of Cambrai WWI

1917-12-11

German-occupied Lithuania proclaims independence from Russia

1918-01-22

Ukraine proclaimed a free republic (German puppet)

1918-02-23

First victory of Red Army over the Kaiser's German troops near Narva and Pskov. Since 1923 this date become the Day of Red Army in honour of this victory.

1918-03-19

S Potter becomes 1st US pilot to shoot down a German seaplane

1918-03-23

Crépy-en-Laonnoise: German artillery shells Paris, 256 killed

1918-04-14

Douglas Campbell is 1st US ace pilot (shooting down 5th German plane)

1918-04-21

World War I: German fighter ace Baron Manfred von Richthofen, known as "The Red Baron", is shot down and killed over Vaux sur Somme in France. Canadian pilot Captain Arthur Roy Brown was credited with the kill.

1918-06-01

Canadian ace Billy Bishop downs 6 aircrafts over a three-day span, including German ace Paul Bilik, reclaiming his top scoring title from James McCudden

1918-06-26

The Australian steamer Wimmera is sunk by a mine laid north of Cape Maria van Diemen in 1917 by the German raider Wolf; 26 of its 151 passengers and crew were killed

1918-07-19

German armies retreat across Marne River in France (WW I)

1918-07-20

World War I: German troops cross the Marne.

1918-09-12

During WW I, US forces launch an attack on German-occupied St Mihiel

1918-11-08

Pro-German supreme commander general Cutters lay-offs

1918-11-09

Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates after German defeat in WW I

1918-11-10

German emperor Wilhelm II flees to Netherlands

1918-11-21

2 German ammunition trains explode in Hamont Belgium, 1,750 die

1918-11-21

The German High Seas Fleet of 5 battlecruisers, 9 battleships, 7 cruisers and 49 destroyers surrendered to the British Grand Fleet and were shepherded into the Firth of Forth.

1919-01-05

National Socialist Party (Nazi) forms as German Farmers Party

1919-01-11

3 year old German communist party (Spartacus) crushed

1919-02-21

German National Meeting accepts Anschluss: incorporation of Austria

1919-05-06

Paris Peace Conference disposes of German colonies; Ger E Africa is assigned to Britain & France, German SW Africa to South Africa

1919-06-20

German government of Scheideman resigns

1919-06-21

Bauer forms German government

1919-06-21

German Admiral von Reuter scuttles his own captured fleet

1920-02-02

France occupies (German) Memel territory

1920-03-27

Hermann Muller becomes German chancellor (SPD)

1920-05-05

German-Latvian peace treaty signed

1921-04-19

Funeral of last German Emperoress, Augusta Victoria

1921-05-02

Start of 3rd anti-German revolt in Upper Silesia

1921-07-29

Adolf Hitler becomes leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party.

1922-01-06

-13] Conference of Cannes concerning German retribution payments

1922-01-13

Conference of Cannes concerning German retribution payments ended

1922-04-16

German-Russia treaty signed in Italy, Soviet Union recognized

1922-06-12

German Reich president Friedrich Ebert visits Munich

1922-09-02

President Ebert declares "Deutschland uber alas" as German national anthem

1922-10-24

German parliament mandates Ebert president until July 1925

1922-11-02

Allies deliberate over German mark

1922-11-14

German Reichs Chancellor Joseph Wirth's term ends

1922-11-22

Wilhelm Cuno forms new German government

1923-02-08

German NSDAP Volkischer Beobachter newspaper becomes a daily

1923-02-23

German Republic day with laws against worker

1923-02-23

Great Britain lowers import duty on German products from 26% to 5%

1923-03-14

German Supreme Court prohibits NSDAP (Nazi party)

1923-05-19

KPD (communist revolts) in German Ruhr cities occupied by Allies

1923-07-25

German mark devalued to 600,000 Mark=$1

1923-08-13

Gustav Stresemann becomes premier of German coalition government

1923-08-31

League of Nations gives Belgium mandate of Ruanda-Urundi (was German)

1923-10-11

German Mark falls to 10 billion per £, 4 billion per $

1923-10-29

Army move SPD/KPD-government to German part of Saxon

1923-11-10

German ex-crown prince flees Netherlands for Germany

1923-11-22

Calvin Coolidge pardons WW I German spy Lothar Witzke, sentenced to death

1923-11-23

German army commander Gen Von Seeckt bans NSDAP & KPD

1923-12-08

German-US friendship treaty signed

1924-03-03

German & Turkish friendship/trade treaty signed

1924-03-13

German Republic day

1924-05-04

German Republic election fascists & communists win

1924-05-26

German government of Marx resigns

1924-07-16

Conference over German recovery payments begins in London

1924-08-16

Conference about German recovery payments opens in London

1924-08-17

French-German trade agreement signed

1924-08-29

German Republic day accepts Dawes plan

1924-09-30

Allies stop checking on German navy

1924-12-02

British-German trade agreement signed

1924-12-07

German election (Social Democrats win, Nazis & Communists lose)

1925-01-09

German Postal Minister A Hofle resigns due to corruption

1925-01-15

Hans Luther forms German government, with DNVP

1925-02-09

German Minister Stresemann proposes security treaty with France

1925-10-12

German-Russian trade agreement signed

1925-10-25

Rightist German ministers disavows Treaty of Locarno

1925-11-09

German NSDAP form Schutzstaffel (SS)

1925-11-11

Earnest Thalmann becomes chairman of German KPD

1925-11-25

KPD proposes German Parliament expropriate possession of monarchy

1925-11-27

German Parliament ratifies treaty of Locarno

1925-12-05

German government of Luther falls

1926-01-20

2nd German government of Luther begins

1926-02-08

German Reichstag decides to apply for League of Nations membership

1926-03-31

German Special Court of Justice for state security disbands

1926-05-13

German government of Luther falls

1926-05-17

German government of Marx takes power

1926-08-05

French & German trade agreement signed

1926-09-10

Allies-German treaty of Koblenz drawn

1926-09-30

German/French/Belgian/Luxembourg steel cartel closes

1926-12-03

Manchester Guardian (German Reichswehr/Red Army work together)

1926-12-17

German Marx government falls due to cooperation with red army

1927-01-29

4th German government of Marx forms

1927-03-26

Alfred Hugenberg purchases German film company UFA

1928-04-25

Buddy, a German Shepherd, becomes 1st guide dog for a US citizen Morris Frank

1928-10-15

German dirigible "Graf Zeppelin" lands in Lakehurst, NJ

1929-03-17

General Motors acquires German auto manufacturer Adam Opel

1929-06-27

President Paul Von Hindenburg refuses to pay German debt of WW I

1929-08-08

German airship Graf Zeppelin begins a round-the-world flight

1929-08-29

German airship Graf Zeppelin ends a round-the-world flight

1929-10-03

Julius Curtius succeeds Stresemann as German foreign minister

1930-03-29

Heinrich Brüning is appointed German Reichskanzler.

1930-09-14

Nazis gain 107 seats in German election

1930-10-13

New German Reichstag opens with 107 NSDAP'ers in uniform

1931-12-16

German SPD begins Iron Front against fascism

1932-02-25

Immigrant Adolf Hitler gets German citizenship

1932-03-17

German police raid Hitler's Nazi headquarter

1932-04-10

Paul von Hindenburg elected 1st German president (Hitler is 2nd)

1932-04-24

German national election (NSDAP 36.3% in Prussia)

1932-06-02

German Chancellor Franz von Papen forms his "Cabinet of the Barons"

1932-06-03

Paul Von Hindenburg disbands German Parliament

1932-06-14

German government of von Papen forms

1932-07-31

German Election (NSDAP gets 37.3%)

1932-09-12

German government of Papen falls/Reichstag dissolved

1932-11-01

Wernher von Braun named head of German liquid-fuel rocket program

1932-11-06

German election - KPD defeats NSDAP

1932-11-17

German government of von Papen resigns

1932-11-19

Shaft & Thyssen demand Hitler become German chancellor

1932-12-05

German physicist Albert Einstein granted a visa to enter America

1933-01-27

Otto Meisnner (Head of the German President's Office) dines with British ambassador Sir Horace Rumbold

1933-01-28

German government of Von Schleicher falls

1933-01-29

German president Paul von Hindenburg appoints Adolf Hitler as chancellor

1933-01-30

Adolf Hitler named German Chancellor, forms government with Von Papen

1933-02-01

German Parliament disolves, Gen Ludendorf predicts catastrophe

1933-02-03

German Minister Hermann Goering bans social-democratic newspaper Vorwarts

1933-02-04

German President Von Hindenburg limits freedom of the press

1933-02-05

Marinus van der Lubbe passes Dutch/German boundary

1933-02-12

German vice-chancellor von Papen demands Catholic aid for Nazis

1933-02-15

Karl Radek praises invincible force of German communist party

1933-02-24

Final demonstration of German communist party in Berlin

1933-02-27

German parliament building, Reichstag, destroyed by fire

1933-02-27

Nazis set fire to German parliament, blame it on Communists

1933-02-28

German Pres Von Hindenburg abolishes free expression of opinion

1933-02-28

Hitler disallows German communist party (KPD)

1933-03-03

German presidential candidate Earnest Thalmann (KPD) arrested

1933-03-23

Enabling Act: German Reichstag grants Adolf Hitler dictatorial powers

1933-03-28

German Reichstag confers dictatorial powers on Hitler

1933-03-31

German Republic gives power to Hitler

1933-06-13

German Secret State Police (Gestapo - Geheime Staats Polizei) established by Hermann Göring

1933-06-22

German social-democratic party (SPD) forbidden

1933-07-01

German nazi regime declares that married women shouldn't work

1933-07-05

German party Catholic Center disbands

1933-07-24

German judge Vogt signs deed of accusation against Van der Lubbe

1934-01-26

German-Polish Non-Aggression Pact is signed.

1934-01-30

Hitler proclamation on German unified states

1934-07-09

SS-Reichsfuehrer Himmler takes command of German Concentration Camps

1934-08-02

Adolf Hitler becomes commander-in-chief of German armed forces

1934-10-01

Adolf Hitler expands German army & navy & creates an air force, violating Treaty of Versailles

1934-11-26

German theologist Karl Barth surrenders to Nazis

1934-11-28

Winston Churchill tells British Premier Stanley Baldwin not to under estimate German air power

1935-02-26

German Luftwaffe is re-formed under Reichsmarshall Hermann Goering

1935-03-11

Hermann Goering officially creates German Air Force, the Luftwaffe

1935-03-16

Hitler orders German rearmament, violating Versailles Treaty

1935-08-11

Nazi mass demonstration against German Jews

1935-09-15

Nuremberg Laws deprives German Jews of citizenship & makes swastika official symbol of Nazi Germany

1935-11-14

Nazis deprive German Jews of their citizenship

1936-06-19

Dutch Premier Colijn denies relation with German call-girl

1936-06-19

German boxer Max Schmeling World Champion KOs Joe Louis

1936-09-08

Princess Juliana of The Netherlands & German prince Bernard Lippe-Biesterfeld become engaged

1936-11-16

German air force begins bombing of Madrid

1937-04-26

German Luftwaffe destroys Basque town of Guernica in Spain

1937-05-06

German airship Hindenburg explodes in flames at Lakehurst, NJ (36 die)

1937-05-31

German battleships bombard Almeria, Spain

1937-12-27

German immigration officials with no explanation bar Juan Carlos Zabala (Arg), 1932 Olympic marathon champion, from entering Germany

1938-02-04

Hitler seizes control of German army & puts Nazi in key posts

1938-02-12

German troops entered Austria

1938-03-11

Artur Seyss-Inquart replaces Kurt von Schuschnigg as Chancellor of Austria; German troops also entered the country

1938-06-03

German law on "Entartete Art" legalizes art robbery

1938-11-01

German colonel-general Gerd von Runstedt retires

1938-11-08

A pogrom against the Jews of Germany and Austria takes place in response to the assassination of a German diplomat in Paris.

1938-11-11

German & Austrian Jewish suffer 1 billion Mark damage in nazi

1938-11-21

Nazi forces occupy western Czechoslovakia & declared them German citizens

1938-12-06

French/German non-attack treaty drawn (Ribbentrop-Bonnet Pact)

1939-01-30

Hitler threatens the Jews during his speech to the German Reichstag (parliament)

1939-02-15

German battleship Bismarck was launched

1939-03-20

7,000 Jews flee German occupied Memel Lithuania

1939-04-10

Colijn's Dutch government opens camp Westerbork for German Jews

1939-04-18

Franz von Papen becomes German ambassador in Turkey

1939-04-28

Hitler claims German-Polish non-attack treaty still in effect

1939-06-01

Retired German Col-gen Gerd von Runstedt returns to service

1939-07-06

German Nazis close last Jewish enterprises

1939-08-22

Dutch border guards take positions for German invasion

1939-08-27

Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands receives German ambassador Grave Zech

1939-09-03

German submarine U-30, commanded by Oberleutnant Fritz-Julius Lemp, sinks British passenger ship SS Athenia; 117 people die, among them 28 Americans

1939-09-04

German troops move into Danzig

1939-09-06

1st German air attack on Great Britain in WW II

1939-09-14

British fleet attacks German U-39 boat

1939-09-17

German U-29 sinks British aircraft carrier Courageous, 519 die

1939-09-19

Wehrmacht (German regular army) murders 100 Jews in Lukov Poland

1939-09-20

British navy captures German U-27 boat

1939-09-25

German Luftwaffe strikes Warsaw with (fire)bombs

1939-09-26

German seaplane shoots KLM-aircraft (1 killed)

1939-09-28

Soviet-German treaty agree on 4th partition of Poland (WW II) & gives Lithuania to USSR, last Polish troops surrender

1939-10-14

German U-47 sinks British battleship HMS Royal Oak, 833 killed

1939-10-28

Anti-German demonstrations/strikes in Czechoslovakia

1939-10-28

Spitfire shoots German Heinkel-111 down above Scotland

1939-10-30

German U boat fails on attack of English battleship Nelson with Winston Churchill, Dudley Pound & Charles Forbes aboard

1939-11-01

First jet plane, Heinkel He 178, demonstrated to German Air Ministry

1939-11-09

Venlo-incident: German Abwehr kills 2 English agents

1939-11-15

Anti-German demonstrations in Czechoslovakia

1939-11-16

German U-boat torpedoes tanker Sliedrecht near Ireland

1939-11-17

German U-boat torpedoes passenger ship

1939-11-18

Neth KNSM passenger ship Simon Bolivar hits German mine, 86 die

1939-12-13

Battle of the River Plate - 3 British cruisers vs German pocket battleship Graf Spee

1939-12-17

German pocket battleship Graf Spee scuttled by its crew off Uruguay

1940-01-09

2 German officers make emergency landing in Belgium

1940-01-15

German U-Boot torpedoes Dutch trade ship Arendskerk (Eagle's Church)

1940-02-16

British search plane finds German Altmark off Norway

1940-02-17

Crew of the British destroyer Cossack board German Altmark in Jøssingfjord, Norway, and realised 299 British prisoners after hand-to-hand fighting with bayonets and the last recorded Royal Naval action with cutlass.

1940-02-22

German air force sinks 2 German destroyers, killing 578

1940-03-16

German air raid on British fleet base Scapa Flow

1940-03-19

Failed British air raid on German base at Sylt

1940-04-08

German battle cruisers sink British aircraft carrier Glorious

1940-04-09

German cruiser Blucher torpedoed and capsizes in Oslofjord, 1,000 die

1940-04-13

2nd battle of Narvik-8 German destroyers, destroyed

1940-05-01

140 Palestinian Jews die as German planes bomb their ship

1940-05-10

World War II: The first German bombs of the war fall on England at Chilham and Petham, in Kent.

1940-05-12

German tanks conquer Moerdijkbrug

1940-05-13

German breakthrough at Grebbelinie

1940-05-14

German breakthrough at Sedan

1940-05-15

German armoured division moves into Northern France

1940-05-15

German troops occupy Amsterdam, Gen Winkelman surrenders

1940-05-18

German troops conquer Brussels

1940-05-20

German General Guderian's tanks reach the English Channel (British expeditionary army)

1940-05-24

German tanks reach Atrecht France

1940-05-25

German troops conquer Boulogne

1940-05-27

World War II: In the Le Paradis massacre, 97 soldiers from a Royal Norfolk Regiment unit are shot after surrendering to German troops.

1940-06-02

Heavy German bombing on Dunkirk beach

1940-06-04

German forces enter Paris during WWII

1940-06-05

Gen Von Bock starts German offensive in Somme

1940-06-10

German "Dutch" Q-ship Atlantis sinks Norwegian tanker

1940-06-10

German 5th Armoured division occupies Rouen

1940-06-13

Paris evacuates before German advance

1940-06-14

German U-47 sinks airship Balmoral

1940-06-14

German forces occupied Paris during WW II

1940-06-15

France surrenders to Hitler, German troops occupy Paris during WWII

1940-06-18

German occupiers slaughter cattle, pigs & chickens

1940-06-19

German 7th Armoured division under command of Rommel occupies Cherbourg

1940-06-21

German occupiers disband Dutch States-General/Council of State

1940-06-22

SS rounds up 31 German/Polish/Dutch Jews in Roermond, Netherlands

1940-06-30

German troops begin the invasion of the undefended Channel Islands.

1940-07-02

Dutch PM Colijn publishes "Borders of 2 Worlds" (German victory)

1940-07-03

German occupiers forbid using Dutch royal names

1940-07-04

German occupiers forbids anti-Nazi speeches

1940-07-09

German Evangelist Church protests against euthanasia pogroms

1940-07-11

British & German dogfight above Lyme Bay

1940-07-23

"Blitz" all-night air raid by German bombers on London begins

1940-08-03

German occupiers forbid ritual slaughters & English & French movies

1940-08-08

31 German aircraft shot down over England

1940-08-11

38 German aircrafts shot down above England

1940-08-11

German air raid on British harbors Portland/Weymouth

1940-08-13

Hermann Goering's "Adler Tag" (Eagle day); 45-48 German aircraft shot down over Southern England (Battle of Britain)

1940-08-15

Heavy dogfights above England: 75 German aircraft damaged

1940-08-16

45 German aircrafts shot down over England

1940-08-18

71 German aircraft shot down above England

1940-08-23

German Luftwaffe begins night bombing on London

1940-08-31

German occupiers in Netherlands begin soap rationing

1940-09-07

German Luftwaffe blitz London for 1st of 57 consecutive nights

1940-09-09

28 German aircraft shot down above England

1940-09-10

Buckingham Palace hit by German bomb

1940-09-11

-12] Buckingham Palace damaged by German bombs

1940-09-13

Buckingham Palace damaged by German bombs

1940-09-14

German bomb hits shelter in Chelsea; hundreds die

1940-09-18

19 German aircraft shot down above England

1940-09-25

German High Commissioner in Norway sets up Vidkun Quisling government

1940-09-27

55 German aircrafts shot down above England

1940-09-28

Nazi occupiers present "New Dutch Culture" in German

1940-09-30

47 German aircraft shot down above England

1940-10-02

17 German aircrafts shot down above England

1940-10-04

12 German aircrafts shot down above England

1940-10-08

German troops occupies Romania

1940-10-15

-16] Heavy German air raid on London, 400 killed

1940-10-17

German occupiers issue identity cards

1940-11-14

During WW II, German planes destroy most of Coventry, England

1940-11-19

German air raid on Birmingham fails

1940-11-20

German air raid on Birmingham fails

1940-12-06

Gestapo arrest German resistance fighter/poster artist Helen Ernst

1940-12-11

Russian general Zhukov warns of German assault

1941-01-02

World War II: German bombing severely damages the Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff, Wales.

1941-01-31

Anti-German demonstration in Haarlem Netherlands

1941-02-11

Sicherheitsdienst complains about Dutch anti German sentiments

1941-02-14

German Afrika Korps lands in Tripoli, Libya

1941-02-22

German assault on El Agheila Libya

1941-03-01

German troops invade Bulgaria

1941-03-02

World War II: First German military units enter Bulgaria after it joined the Axis Pact.

1941-03-12

German occupiers confiscate AVRO studios in Netherlands

1941-03-20

Nazi-German/Yugoslav pact drawn

1941-03-24

German troops occupy El Agheila Libya

1941-03-27

Yugoslavian coup gets rid of pro-German Prince Paul

1941-03-30

German counter offensive in North-Africa

1941-04-01

Pro-German Rashid Ali al-Ghailani grabs power in Iraq

1941-04-01

The Blockade Runner Badge for German Kriegsmarine is instituted.

1941-04-02

German occupier disallows Dutch scouting association

1941-04-03

Churchill warns Stalin of German invasion

1941-04-03

Rasjid al-Gailani forms pro-German regime in Iraq

1941-04-04

German troops conquer Banghazi

1941-04-06

German bombardment on Piraeus (munitions ship explodes)

1941-04-10

German troops conquer Libyan county Cyrenaica

1941-04-13

Heavy German assault on Tobruk

1941-04-14

1st massive German raid in Paris, 3,600 Jews rounded up

1941-04-20

100 German bombers attack Athens

1941-04-23

Greece Army surrenders to German Nazis RAF brings Greek king George II to Egypt

1941-04-27

German troops occupy Athens Greece

1941-05-01

German assault on Tobruk

1941-05-03

-4] German air raid on Liverpool

1941-05-08

German Q-ship Pinguin sinks in Indian Ocean

1941-05-09

British Army breaks German spy codes

1941-05-16

Last great German air attack on Great Britain (Birmingham)

1941-05-21

German airforce occupies airport at Maleme, Crete

1941-05-26

Aircraft from HMS Ark Royal sights German battleship Bismarck

1941-05-26

German occupiers begin youth labor

1941-05-27

German battleship Bismarck sunk by British naval force

1941-05-30

British Army enters Baghdad, chasing pro-German coup government

1941-05-31

German occupiers forbids Jews access to beach & swimming pools

1941-06-03

German occupiers stamp "J" on Jewish passports

1941-06-08

British & French troops overthrow pro-German Syria

1941-06-20

German U-203 fails on torpedo attack on US battleship Texas

1941-06-28

German & Romanian soldiers kill 11,000 Jews in Kishinev

1941-06-28

German troops occupy Galicia, Poland

1941-07-05

German occupiers disband political parties

1941-07-11

German troops attack Dnjepr

1941-07-27

German army enters Ukraine

1941-07-30

German occupiers forbid SDAP, VDB, ARP, RKSP, CHU & SGP in Netherlands

1941-08-01

Luftwaffe bombs German 23rd division

1941-08-02

German 11st Army surrounds 20 Russian divisions at Oeman

1941-08-03

German troops conquer Roslavl USSR

1941-08-17

German raider attacks Dutch SS Kota Nopan

1941-08-18

German concentration camp Amersfoort opens

1941-08-25

British & Russian troops attack pro-German Iran

1941-08-25

German troops conquer Nowgorod, Leningrad

1941-08-29

German Einsatzkommando in Russia kills 1,469 Jewish children

1941-09-04

US destroyer Greer fires on German submarine U-652

1941-09-06

All Jews over age 6 in German territories ordered to wear a star

1941-09-11

World War II: The U.S. Navy is ordered to attack German U-boats.

1941-09-12

1st German ship in WW II captured by US ship (Busko)

1941-09-16

German armour troops surround Kiev Ukraine

1941-09-16

Hitler orders for every dead German 100 Yugoslavians to be killed

1941-09-19

German army conquerors Kiev

1941-09-19

Nazis force German Jews, 6 & over to wear Jewish stars

1941-09-23

German air raid on Russian naval base at Kronstadt (battleship Marat sinks)

1941-09-24

Bomb explosion in German headquarter in Hotel Continental in Kiev

1941-09-30

German assault on Moscow, Operation Typhoon, begins

1941-10-06

German army occupies Briansk, USSR

1941-10-07

German army occupies Viarma, USSR

1941-10-10

German U-boat torpedoes US destroyer Kearney

1941-10-10

RAF bombs Piraeus to prevent German heavy armor advancement

1941-10-15

1st mass deportation of German Jews to Eastern Europe

1941-11-02

German troops occupy Rostov

1941-11-13

German Abweht consults with Chetnikleider Draza Mihailovic

1941-11-14

British aircraft carrier Ark Royal sank in Mediterranean, having been torpedoed by a German submarine the day before

1941-11-16

German troops conquer Kertsh (probably)

1941-11-20

German Q/pirate ship Kormoran sinks near Australia

1941-11-22

British cruiser Devonshire sinks German auxiliary cruiser Atlantis

1941-11-23

German troops conquer Klin, at NW of Moscow

1941-11-24

Indian infantry attacks German tanks at Sidi Omar

1941-11-25

German Jews in Netherlands declared stateless (lose of nationality)

1941-11-28

German troops vacate Rostov

1941-12-01

British cruiser Devonshire sinks German sub Python

1941-12-07

German siege of Tobruk after 8 months ends

1941-12-12

German occupying army do a house search in Paris looking for Jews

1941-12-13

German occupiers forbid National Front & Netherland Union

1941-12-15

German submarine U-127 sinks

1941-12-17

German submarine U-31 sunk

1941-12-17

German troops led by Rommel begin retreating in North Africa

1941-12-18

German submarine U-434 sinks

1941-12-19

German submarine U-574 sinks

1941-12-19

Hitler takes complete command of German Army

1941-12-21

German submarine U-567 sinks

1942-01-02

German troops in Bardia surrender

1942-01-05

55 German tanks reach North-Africa

1942-01-13

German U-boats begin harassing shipping on US east coast

1942-01-13

World War II: First use of aircraft ejection seat by a German test pilot in a Heinkel He 280 jet fighter.

1942-01-19

Titus Brandsma arrested by German occupiers

1942-01-26

Italian supreme command demands dismissal of German Marshal Rommel

1942-01-28

German troops occupy Benghazi Libya

1942-01-29

German & Italian troops occupy Banghazi, Libya

1942-02-12

3 German battle cruisers escape via Channel to Brest N Germany

1942-02-15

German U-boat shells Antillian oil refinery

1942-02-16

German submarines attack Aruba oil refinery

1942-02-24

Voice of America begins broadcasting (in German)

1942-02-26

German battle cruiser Gneisenau deactivated by bomb

1942-03-20

Major German assault on Malta

1942-03-21

Heavy German assault on Malta

1942-03-22

Heavy German assault on Malta

1942-03-26

German offensive in North Africa under General Erwin Rommel

1942-03-27

-28] Allies raid German submarine base in St Nazaire

1942-03-29

German submarine U-585 sinks

1942-03-29

The Bombing of Lübeck in World War II was the first major success for the RAF Bomber Command against Germany and a German city.

1942-04-07

Heavy German assault on Malta

1942-04-14

Destroyer Roper sinks German U-85 of US east coast

1942-04-20

German occupiers forbids Dutch access to their beach

1942-04-20

Heavy German assault on Malta

1942-05-03

German Luftwaffe bombs Exeter, UK during WWII

1942-05-04

German occupiers imprison 450 prominent Dutch as hostages

1942-05-08

German summer offensive opens in Crimea

1942-06-09

German-Neth press reports, 3 million Dutch sent to East-Europe

1942-06-11

German army defeated at El-Alamein North Africa

1942-06-20

German troops conquer Tobruk, North Africa

1942-06-26

German assault on British at Mersa Matruh

1942-07-01

German troops conquer Sebastopol

1942-07-03

German troops march into Sebastopol, Crimea

1942-07-13

German occupiers imprison 800 prominent Dutch as hostages

1942-07-18

Test flight of German Messerschmitt Me-262 using only its jet engines for the first time.

1942-07-19

German occupiers confiscate bicycles in Rotterdam & Hague

1942-07-23

German troops conquer Rostow

1942-07-23

World War II: Operation Edelweiss (a German plan to gain control over the Caucasus) begins.

1942-07-25

German troops occupy Rostov

1942-07-25

German troops strike at Tsym Lyanskaja

1942-07-30

German SS kills 25,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia

1942-07-30

German occupiers set night curfew on Jews in Netherlands

1942-07-31

German SS gases 1,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia

1942-08-01

German occupier demands listing of all Dutch telephone subscribers

1942-08-04

German occupier orders all Dutch homing pigeons killed

1942-08-05

German troops cross Kuban River

1942-08-12

German 1st tank leader captures Elista, Kalmukkensteppe

1942-08-19

WWII: General Paulus orders German 6th Army to conquer Stalingrad

1942-08-21

Alpine hunters plant German flag on Elbroezgebergte, Kaukasus

1942-08-31

Battle at Alam Halfa: German & Italians assault

1942-09-01

German troops land on Taman peninsula

1942-09-02

German troops enter Stalingrad

1942-09-07

German occupiers take silver anniversary coins in battle

1942-09-13

German forces attack Stalingrad

1942-09-14

German troops occupy train station Stalingrad-1

1942-09-27

Heavy German assault in Stalingrad

1942-10-04

German assault on Tractor factory in Stalingrad

1942-10-07

Last camouflaged German raider Komet leaves Flushing harbor (Neth)

1942-10-14

German assault on Tractor factory, 1000s killed

1942-10-15

German 6th Army occupies Tractorenfabriek, 3,000 Germans die

1942-10-23

German units go through Red October-factory in Stalingrad

1942-11-09

German occupiers put Erik Scavenius as Danish premier

1942-11-11

-12] last German offensive in Stalingrad

1942-11-19

Joseph Goebbels visits "German Theatre in the Niederlanden"

1942-11-20

Soviet army offensive during WWII, 1 million Russians breach German lines

1942-11-23

German 4th & 6th Army surrounded at Stalingrad

1942-11-30

German scout ship Altmark explode & sinks off Yokohama

1942-12-10

North Africa: 5th German panzer army forms under col-gen von Arnim

1942-12-12

German offensive in South Western Stalingrad

1942-12-17

Allies in London sentence German war criminals

1942-12-24

Red army occupies German airports at Tasjinskaja & Morozowsk

1942-12-25

Russian artillery/tank battle on German armies at Stalingrad

1943-01-10

Russian offensive against German 6th/4th Armies near Stalingrad

1943-01-16

German 2nd SS-Pantzer division evacuates Charkow

1943-01-20

Operation-Weiss: Assault of German, Italian, Bulgarian & Croatian

1943-01-24

Hitler orders German troops at Stalingrad to fight to the death

1943-01-30

German assault on French in Tunisia

1943-01-30

German under officers shot down in Haarlem Neth

1943-02-01

German occupiers make Vidkun Quisling Norwegian premier

1943-02-02

German 6th Army surrenders after Battle of Stalingrad, turning point in Europe during WW II

1943-02-09

German riots at "plutocratenzoontjes," 1,200 in Vught Camp

1943-02-13

German assault on Sidi Bou Zid Tunisia, Gen Eisenhower visits front

1943-02-14

German offensive through de Faid-pass Tunisia

1943-02-19

German tanks under brig gen Buelowius attack Kasserine Pass Tunesia

1943-02-21

German offensive at Western Dorsalgebergte Tunisia

1943-02-23

German troops pull back through Kasserine-pass Tunisia

1943-02-26

German assault moves to Beja North Tunisia

1943-03-08

335 allied bombers attack German city of Nuremberg, a centre for military production

1943-03-20

German U-384 bombed & sinks

1943-03-21

Massacre of the town of Kalavryta, Greece by German Nazi troops.

1943-03-23

German counter attack on US lines in Tunisia

1943-04-22

German counter attack in North-Tunisia

1943-04-22

RAF shoots down 14 German transport planes over Mediterranean Sea

1943-04-25

The Demyansk Shield for German troops in commemoration of Demyansk Pocket is instituted.

1943-04-28

German-Italian counter offensive in North-Africa

1943-05-01

German Wehrmacht deployed in order to break Dutch strikes

1943-05-01

German plane sinks boat loaded with Palestinian Jews bound for Malta

1943-05-02

German troops vacate Jefna Tunisia

1943-05-09

5th German Pantser army surrenders in Tunisia

1943-05-12

German troops in Tunisia North Africa surrender

1943-05-13

German & Italian forces in Africa surrender

1943-05-13

German occupiers confiscate all radios

1943-05-16

German troops destroy synagogue of Warsaw

1943-05-17

World War II: the Dambuster Raids by No. 617 Squadron RAF on German dams.

1943-06-02

German assault on Sebastopol Krim, begins

1943-06-05

German occupiers arrest Louvain University's chancellor

1943-06-20

German round up Jews in Amsterdam

1943-07-06

2nd day of battle at Kursk: 25,000 German killed

1943-07-12

Pope Pius XII receives German ambassador baron von Weizsacker

1943-07-12

WWII: Battle of Prokhorovka - Russians defeat German forces in one of the largest ever tank battles

1943-07-28

World War II: Operation Gomorrah: The British bomb Hamburg causing a firestorm that kills 42,000 German civilians.

1943-08-19

US air raid on German bases at Gilze-Rijen/Vlissingen

1943-08-25

German occupiers impose 72-hour work week

1943-09-09

15 German JU-88's sink Italian flag ship Rome

1943-09-10

German troops occupied Rome & took over the protection of Vatican City

1943-09-11

Last German Q/pirate ship sinks near Easter Island

1943-09-13

German counter attack at Salerno

1943-09-29

1st Silbertanne-murder by German occupiers in Meppel

1943-09-29

German riots at Amsterdam Jews

1943-10-04

German occupiers forbid flying of kites (6 month jail sentence)

1943-11-06

Stalin says: "The issue of German fascism is lost"

1943-11-16

World War II: American bombers strike a hydro-electric power facility and heavy water factory in German-controlled Vemork, Norway.

1943-12-26

British sink German battle cruiser Scharnhorst

1943-12-27

German warship "Scharnhorst" sinks in Barents Sea

1944-01-21

447 German bombers attack London

1944-01-29

285 German bombers attack London

1944-02-11

German troops reconquer Aprilia, Italy

1944-02-20

World War II: The "Big Week" began with American bomber raids on German aircraft manufacturing centers.

1944-04-02

Soviet Army marches into pro-German Romania

1944-04-28

Exercise "Tiger" ends with 750 US soldiers dead in D-Day rehearsal after their convoy ships were attacked by German torpedo boats

1944-05-07

German assault on Tito's hideout in Drvar Bosnia

1944-05-14

91 German bombers harass Bristol

1944-05-19

German defense line in Italy collapsed

1944-06-04

U505 becomes the first German submarine captured & boarded on high seas

1944-06-05

German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel goes on leave just before WWII D-Day landings by the Allies

1944-06-10

World War II: In Distomo, Boeotia Prefecture, Greece 218 men, women and children are massacred by German troops.

1944-06-13

German counter attack on Villers-Bocage, Normandy

1944-06-29

German counter attack at Caen

1944-07-01

2500+ killed in London/SE England by German flying bombs

1944-07-04

1,100 US guns fire 4th of July salute at German lines in Normandy

1944-07-04

Gestapo arrests German Social Democrat Julius Leber

1944-07-18

British air raid on German convoy SW of Helgoland

1944-07-20

Fieldmarshal von Kluge consults with German commandant at Caen

1944-07-24

300 allied bombers drop fire bombs on Allied/German positions

1944-07-25

Allied jailbreak at St-Lo (behind German lines)

1944-07-26

The first German V-2 rocket hits Great Britain (nicknamed "gasometer").

1944-08-04

Anne Frank arrested in Amsterdam by German Security Police (Grüne Polizei) following a tip-off from an informer who was never identified

1944-08-06

Anti-German attack at Avranches fails

1944-08-07

German counter attack at Avranches fails

1944-08-15

German field marshal von Kluge vanishes for one day

1944-08-17

German field marshal Model replaces von Kluge in Normandy

1944-08-20

US & British forces destroy German 7th Army at Falaise-Argentan Gap

1944-08-26

Bulgaria announces withdrawal & German troops are to be disarmed

1944-08-28

Last German troops in Marseille surrendered & Toulon cleared

1944-08-29

Anti German rebellion in Slovakia

1944-09-17

Dutch begin railroad strike against German occupiers

1944-09-20

Nijmegen is liberated from German occupation

1944-09-30

-Oct 1] Failed attack on German officers near Putten Neth

1944-10-09

German occupiers turn off electricity in Amsterdam

1944-10-12

German army retreats from Athens

1944-10-21

During WW II, US troops capture Aachen, 1st large German city to fall

1944-11-03

German troops in Vlissingen surrenders

1944-11-03

Pro-German government of Hungary flees

1944-11-04

German troops reconquer Schmidt Hurtgenwald

1944-11-05

German troops blow-up Heusden North Brabant city hall, 134 die

1944-11-08

Last German troops at Walcheren surrenders

1944-11-10

German riots in Rotterdam/Schiedam 52,000 men sent to Germany

1944-11-12

RAF sinks German battleship "Tirpitz" at Tromso Fjord, Norway

1944-11-25

World War II: A German V-2 rocket hits a Woolworth's store in Deptford, United Kingdom, killing 160 shoppers.

1944-12-02

German troops seize Betuwse dikes

1944-12-05

German troops steal all the silver coin in Utrecht

1944-12-10

German counter attack at Dillingen bridgehead on the Saar

1944-12-14

German occupiers forbid use of electricity in parts of Holland

1944-12-16

German V-2 strikes Antwerp bioscope (638 kill)

1945-01-01

German air raid on allied airports at Eindhoven/Saint-Trond/Brussels

1945-01-07

Lord Haw-Haw reports total German victory in the Ardennes

1945-01-12

German forces in Belgium retreat in Battle of Bulge

1945-01-17

The devastated city of Warsaw is cleared of German resistance by the Russians and a Polish unit fighting with them

1945-03-19

Adolf Hitler issues "Nero Decree" to destroy all German factories

1945-03-27

Gen Eisenhower declares German defenses on Western Front broken

1945-03-28

Last German V-1 (buzz bomb) attack on London

1945-03-30

World War II: a defecting German pilot delivers a Messerschmitt Me 262A-1 to Americans.

1945-04-07

1st & last assault of German Rammkommando on US bombers

1945-04-10

German troops attack Ijsselbrug

1945-04-16

German troops in Groningen surrender

1945-04-17

German occupiers flood Wieringermeer Neth

1945-04-18

Clandestine Radio 1212, after broadcasting pro-nazi propoganda for months used their influence to trap 350,000 German army group B troops

1945-04-20

German occupiers flood Beemster & Fencer

1945-04-20

US 7th army captured German city of Nuremberg

1945-04-21

Allied troops occupy German nuclear laboratory

1945-04-26

World War II: Battle of Bautzen - last successful German tank-offensive of the war and last noteworthy victory of the Wehrmacht.

1945-04-29

Terms of surrender of German armies in Italy signed

1945-04-30

Red Army opens attack on German Reichstag building in Berlin

1945-05-01

Admiral Karl Doenitz forms German government

1945-05-02

German Army in Italy surrenders

1945-05-03

Allies arrests German nuclear physics Werner Heisenberg

1945-05-03

WWII: German ship "Cap Arcona" laden with prisoners sunk by Royal Air Force in East Sea, 5,800 killed - one of largest maritime losses of life

1945-05-04

German troops in Netherlands, Denmark & Norway surrender

1945-05-06

Gen J Blaskowitz surrenders German troops in Netherlands

1945-05-07

WWII: unconditional German surrender to the Allies signed by General Alfred Jodl at Rheims

1945-05-08

German General Von Keitel formally surrenders to Marshal Zhukov and the Soviets in Berlin

1945-05-23

German island of Helgoland in North Sea surrenders to British

1945-05-23

Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi leader & Gestapo leader, commits suicide in prison at 44

1945-09-20

German rocket engineers begin work in US

1946-04-03

Netherlands-German postal relations resume

1946-08-23

Ordinance No. 46 of the British Military Government constitutes the German Land (state) of Schleswig-Holstein.

1946-10-28

German rocket engineers begin work in USSR

1946-11-01

West German state of Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony) created

1946-12-10

German/Swiss novelist Hermann Hesse wins the Nobel Prize in Literature "for his inspired writings which, while growing in boldness and penetration, exemplify the classical humanitarian ideals and high qualities of style"

1948-08-12

Court of justice sentences General Friedrich Christiansen, commander of the German Wehrmacht in the Netherlands, to 12 years imprisonment

1949-05-08

West German constitution approved

1949-05-30

East German constitution approved

1949-09-12

Theodor Heuss elected 1st pres/Conrad Adenauer 1st PM of German FR

1949-10-07

German Democratic Republic formed from Russian occupation zone (National Day). Wilhelm Pieck becomes 1st president, Otto Greatwohl becomes 1st premier

1950-06-06

German DR & Poland sign treaty about Oder-Neisse border

1950-07-06

German DR recognizes Oder-Neisse borders with Poland

1950-07-12

Hague Council of Annulment convicts German war criminals W Lages, FH Van de Funten & F Fischer to death

1950-09-15

East German premier Grotewohl pleads for German reunification

1950-09-19

Great Three acknowledge Bond government as only German government

1951-01-13

German general F Christian freed early from Dutch prison

1951-02-01

Alfred Krupp & 28 other German war criminals freed

1952-02-29

The island of Heligoland is restored to German authority.

1952-03-27

Failed assassination attempt of West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer

1952-04-25

German "Country" Bathe-Wurttemberg forms

1952-07-12

East German SED decides to form German DR army

1952-08-28

German & Israeli reach accord about recovery payments

1952-09-11

West German Chancellor Adenauer signs a reparation pact for Jews

1952-11-03

Egypt protests German retribution payments to Israel

1953-09-06

Konrad Adenauer's CDU wins elections in German Federal Republic

1953-10-09

Conrad Adenauer elected West German chancellor

1953-10-23

German FR applies to NATO

1954-04-07

German government refuses to recognize DDR

1954-05-24

German airline Lufthansa forms

1954-07-20

West German secret service head Otto John defects to German DR

1954-09-03

The German U-Boat U-505 began its move from a specially constructed dock to its final site at Chicago's Museum of Science and Industry.

1954-10-23

German FR joins NATO

1955-01-15

USSR ends state of war with German Federal Republic

1955-04-19

The German automaker Volkswagen, after six years of selling cars in the United States, founds Volkswagen of America in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey to standardize its dealer and service network.

1955-04-30

West German unions protest for 40-hour work week & more wages

1955-05-09

German Federal Republic joins NATO

1955-10-25

Austria resumed its sovereignty after departure of last Allied occupation forces, for 1st time since German occupation of 1938

1955-11-12

1st West German officers sworn in

1956-01-18

German DR forms own army (National People's Army)

1956-04-03

German war criminals Hinrichsen/Ruhl/Siebens/Viebahn freed

1956-06-21

German DR frees almost 19,000 prisoners

1957-01-01

France returns Saar to becomes the 10th state of German Federal Rep

1957-03-12

German DR accepts 22 Russian divisions

1957-09-21

German sail training ship Pamir sails Atlantic Ocean

1957-10-13

German Democratic Republic recalls OstMark & issues new currency

1958-03-25

West German parliament desires German atomic weapons

1958-09-14

Two rockets designed by the German engineer Ernst Mohr, the first German post-war rockets, reach the upper atmosphere.

1959-07-06

Saar becomes part of German Federal Republic

1960-09-08

German Democratic Republic limits access to East-Berlin for West Berliners

1960-12-20

Auschwitz commandant Richard Bar arrested in German FR

1961-08-01

German DR limits traffic to West Berlin

1961-09-10

Italian Grand Prix, a crash causes the death of German driver Wolfgang von Trips and 13 spectators hit by his Ferrari.

1961-09-16

CDU loses West German election

1962-08-17

E German border guards shot & kill Peter Fechter, 18, attempting to cross Berlin Wall into western sector

1962-09-04

French president De Gaulle visits German FR

1963-10-02

W German Chancellor Adenauer condemns western grain shipments to USSR

1963-10-15

Ludwig Erhard follows Conrad Adenauer as West German Chancellor

1964-01-29

Beatles record in German "Komm, Gib Mir Deine Hand" & "Sie Liebt Dich"

1964-09-09

German DR government allows short visits to West Germany

1964-09-24

Willi Stoph succeeds Otto Great as premier of German DR

1965-02-24

East German president Ulbricht visits Egypt

1965-03-25

West German Bondsdag extends war crimes retribution

1965-09-19

Erhards CDU wins West German parliament elections

1966-05-27

55th German F-104 Starfighter crashes

1966-06-11

French & German media mistakenly report death of Roger Daltry

1966-12-01

Georg Kiesinger elected West German chancellor

1968-04-06

94.5% of East German voters approve new socialist constitution

1968-04-09

German DR adopts constitution

1968-05-30

University church in Leipzig, German DR, blown up

1968-05-30

West German Parliament accepts emergency crisis law

1968-06-30

East German Communist Party leader Walter Ulbricht receives "Order of October Revolution"

1969-05-08

Cambodia recognizes German DR

1969-07-07

German newspaper Der Spiegel reveals Bishop Defregger of Munich is a war criminal

1969-09-28

SPD wins West German Parliament elections

1969-11-24

West German president Heinemann visits Netherlands

1970-02-10

Dry powder avalanche moving at 120 mph smashes into youth hostel killing 40 Belgian, French, & German youths (Val d'Isere, France)

1970-03-19

W German chancellor & E German premier meet

1971-05-03

Erich Honecker succeeds Walter Ulbricht as East German party leader

1971-09-16

West German chancellor Willy Brandt meets with Soviet president Brezhnev

1971-10-20

West German Chancellor Willy Brandt is awarded Nobel Peace Prize

1971-12-10

West German union chancellor W Burns receives Nobel prize of peace

1972-02-16

German mass murderers "Three of Breda" freed

1972-06-01

West German police arrest Red Army Faction leader Andreas Baader

1972-06-07

German Chancellor Willy Brandt visits Israel

1972-06-15

West German police arrested RAF leader Ulrike Meinhof

1972-08-14

East German Aeroflot Illyushin 62 crashes near Moscow, killing 156

1972-08-26

20th Olympic games open at Munich German FR

1972-09-10

20th Olympic games close at Munich, German FR

1972-11-19

Willy Brandts SPD wins West German election

1972-12-14

Willy Brandt re-elected West German chancellor

1972-12-27

Belgium recognizes German DR

1973-01-05

Netherlands recognizes German DR

1973-04-17

German counter-terrorist unit GSG 9 founded.

1973-09-18

German FR & German DR admitted to UN

1973-10-03

Willi Stoph succeeds Walter Ulbricht as East German party leader

1973-12-11

West German chancellor Willy Brandt normalizes trade with Czech

1974-05-06

West German Chancellor Willy Brandt resigns

1974-05-16

Helmut Schmidt becomes West German chancellor

1974-09-03

US & German Democratic Republic establish diplomatic relations

1974-10-07

German Democratic Republic amends constitution

1975-04-25

West German embassy blown-up in Stockholm Sweden

1976-01-15

US-German Helios B solar probe launched into solar orbit

1976-10-03

Helmuth Kohl's CDU wins German parliament election

1976-11-01

W German Generals Krupinski and Franke admit to having been Nazis

1976-11-26

German DR deprives singer/poet Wolf Biermann citizenship

1976-12-22

German DR banishes singer Nina Hagen

1977-04-07

German Federal Prosecutor Siegfried Buback and his driver are shot by two Red Army Faction members while waiting at a red light.

1977-08-23

Marxist philosopher Rudolf Bahro imprisoned in German DR

1977-09-05

RAF kidnap West German work chairman Schleyer

1977-09-22

West German Red Army Faction terrorist kills policeman in Utrecht

1977-10-17

West German commandos storm hijacked Lufthansa in Mogadishu, Somalia freeing all 86 hostages & killing 3 of 4 hijackers

1977-10-18

W German commandos liberate Boeing 737, 86 hostages at Mogadishu

1977-10-19

Corpse of kidnapped West German, H M Schleyer, found

1978-08-26

Soyuz 31 carries 2 cosmonauts (1 East German) to Salyut 6

1979-10-11

German DR frees dissidents Rudolf Bahro & Nico Hubner

1980-06-23

West German wins European soccer title (2-1 against Belgium)

1980-06-30

West German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt visits Moscow

1981-04-22

Almost 1 million West German metal workers in strike

1982-10-04

Helmut Kohl elected chancellor of German FR

1983-03-06

Helmut Kohl's CDU/CSU wins West German parliament elections

1983-07-27

104°F (40.3°C) in Garmersdorf (German record)

1984-10-25

West German Chancellor Rainer Barzel resigns due to corruption

1985-04-25

West German Parliament ruled it illegal to deny the holocaust

1985-06-21

American, Brazilian & West German forensic pathologists confirm skeletal remains exhumed in Brazil were Nazi Dr Josef Mengele

1985-08-23

West German top counter espionage Hans Tiedge moves to German DR

1986-02-09

West German team swims world record 4x200 m freestyle (7:05.17)

1987-01-13

West German police arrest Mohammed Ali Hamadi, suspect in 1985 hijacking

1987-05-28

Mathias Rust, 19, W German pilot, makes unauthorized landing in USSR

1987-05-30

West German Mathias Rust lands airplane on Red Square

1987-09-02

West German pilot Mathias Rust, who flew a private plane from Helsinki Finland, to Moscow's Red Square, forms trial in Russia

1988-11-25

German politician Rita Süssmuth becomes president of the Bundestag.

1989-01-27

German war criminals Fischer & Aus der Funten freed

1989-02-27

German war criminals Aus der Funten/Fischer, freed in Holland

1989-09-30

Foreign Minister of West Germany Hans-Dietrich Genscher's speech from the balcony of the German embassy in Prague.

1989-10-18

East German state/party leader Erich Honecker, resigns

1990-04-12

1st meeting of East German democratically elected parliament, acknowledges responsibility for Nazi holocaust & asks for forgivenesss

1990-07-01

German Democratic Republic accepts Deutsche Mark as its currency

1990-09-24

West German Pres Richard von Weizsaecker signs reunification treaty

1990-10-03

Reunification of East & West Germany. West German flag raised above Brandenburg Gate on the stroke of midnight

1990-11-20

Saddam Hussein announces plans to release German hostages

1991-06-20

The German parliament decides to move the capital from Bonn back to Berlin.

1991-09-19

Ötzi the Iceman, 3,300 BCE old mummy discovered by German tourists.

1992-06-26

Denmark upsets German 2-0, to win European Soccer championship

1994-07-01

Roman Herzog sworn in as German president

1994-11-06

25th NYC Marathon won by German Silva in 2:11:21

1994-11-15

Helmut Kohl elected German chancellor (341-340 votes)

1995-11-12

26th NYC Marathon won by German Silva in 2:10:00

1997-07-28

Peter Graf, father of Steffi, enters German jail for tax evasion

1997-08-25

Egon Krenz, the former East German leader, is convicted of a shoot-to-kill Berlin Wall policy.

1998-04-20

German terrorist group Red Army Faction announces their dissolution after 28 years.

1999-02-24

The State of Arizona executes Karl LaGrand, a German national involved in an armed robbery, in spite of Germany's legal action to attempt to save him.

1999-04-19

The German Bundestag returns to Berlin.

2000-02-04

German extortionist Klaus-Peter Sabotta is jailed for life for attempted murder and extortion in connection with the sabotage of German railway lines.

2002-07-01

A Bashkirian Airlines (flight 2937) Tupolev TU-154 and a DHL (German cargo) Boeing 757 collide in mid-air over Ueberlingen, southern Germany, killing 71.

2003-07-02

Silvio Berlusconi, Prime Minister of Italy, insults German MP Martin Schulz by calling him a "kapo" during a session of the European Parliament.

2005-10-10

Negotiations between the CDU/CSU and SPD in Germany had concluded that both parties would form a grand coaltion with Angela Merkel of the CDU as chancellor after both parties lost seats in the 2005 German federal election. She was subsequently elected in the Bundestag as chancellor on November 22 of the same year.

2006-09-22

A German maglev train crashes, killing 23.

2010-02-13

A bombing at the German Bakery in Pune, India, kills 10 and injures 60 more.

2012-04-04

German Nobel Laureat, Gunter Grass, publishes controversial poem that claims Israel is plotting to wipe out Iran

2012-10-09

25,000 people in Athens protest German Chancellor Angela Merkel

2013-04-06

Bayern Munich win their 23rd German Bundesliga title with 6 games to spare

2013-06-01

Bayern Munich defeat VfB Stuttgart 3-2 to win the DFB-Pokal to become the first German treble-winning team

2013-09-22

Angela Merkel and the Christian Democrats win a third term with their best result since 1990 in German Federal elections

2015-12-09

TIME names German leader Angela Merkel its Person of the Year

2016-02-17

CJ, a German Shorthaired Pointer, Wins Best in Show at Westminster

2017-03-10

7 Injured in Ax Attack at German Station; 1 Arrest

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German - Notable Birthdays

Alexander von HumboldtSep 14, 1769

Karl Ferdinand von GraefeMar 8, 1787

Rudolf VirchowOct 13, 1821

Levi StraussFeb 26, 1829

Robert KochDec 11, 1843

Friedrich NietzscheOct 15, 1844

Albert EinsteinMar 14, 1879

Alfred L WegenerNov 1, 1880

Adolf HitlerApr 20, 1889

Karl DönitzSep 16, 1891

Erwin RommelNov 15, 1891

leonieDec 10, 1891

The Red BaronMay 2, 1892

Karl ZieglerNov 26, 1898

Eduard WirthsSep 4, 1909

Bernhard LangerAug 27, 1957

Oliver RiedelApr 11, 1971

Heidi KlumJun 1, 1973

Ralf SchumacherJun 30, 1975

German - Birthdays
Date Event
801-09-08

Ansgar, German Catholic archbishop (d. 865)

912-11-23

Otto I, the Great, German king, Holy Roman emperor (962-73)

973-05-06

Henry II, Roman Catholic German king/emperor (1002/14-24)

975-07-25

Thietmar, bishop of Merseburg, German chronicler

1017-10-28

Henry III, Roman Catholic German emperor (1046-56)

1051-09-21

Bertha of Savoy, German queen and Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1087)

1081-01-08

Henry V, Roman German king/emperor (1098/1111-25)

1098-09-16

Hildegard of Bingen, German magistra and the first composer whose biography is known (d. 1179)

1211-02-12

Henry VII, Roman catholic German king (1220-35)

1352-05-05

Ruprecht, Roman catholic German king

1361-02-26

Wenceslas of Bohemia, Holy Roman Catholic German emperor (1378-1400)

1367-06-28

Sigismund, German Emperor/king of Hungary/Bohemia

1415-09-21

Frederick III, Innsbruck Austria, German Emperor (1440-1493)

1420-08-24

Albrecht van Eyb, German humanist/parson (Bamberg & Eichstattt)

1423-05-30

Georg Purbach, German mathematician and astronomer (d. 1461)

1440-02-13

Hartmann Schedel, German physician/humanist/historian

1452-12-10

Johannes Stöffler, German mathematician and astronomer (d. 1531)

1459-02-01

Conrad Celtes, German scholar (d. 1508)

1459-03-06

Jacob Fugger, German banker/merchant

1459-03-22

Maximilian I of Habsburg, German Emperor/archduke of Austria

1459-10-06

Martin Behaim, German navigator and geographer (d. 1507)

1462-02-01

Johannes Trithemius, German cryptographer (d. 1516)

1467-01-14

Henry van Stolberg & Wernigerode, German gov/viceroy of Frisia

1468-02-14

Johann Werner, German mathematician (d. 1522)

1471-10-15

Konrad Mutian, German humanist (d. 1526)

1475-12-24

Thomas Murner, German writer (d.c. 1537)

1477-01-14

Hermann of Wied, German Catholic archbishop (d. 1552)

1477-01-16

Johannes Schöner, German astronomer and cartographer (d. 1547)

1477-03-20

Jerome Emser, German theologian (d. 1527)

1481-03-02

Franz von Sickingen, German knight

1483-12-03

Nicolaus von Amsdorf, German reformation theologist

1484-01-17

George Spalatin, German reformer (d. 1545)

1485-06-24

Johannes Bugenhagen, German reformer (d. 1558)

1486-01-06

Martin Agricola, [M Sore], German composer/cantor

1486-09-14

Agrippa von Nettesheim, German occultist/alchemist/royal astrologer

1486-11-13

Johann Eck, German theologian (d. 1543)

1488-01-06

Helius Eobanus Hessus, German poet (Silvae)

1488-04-21

Ulrich von Hutten, German poet/humanist/patriot

1489-08-10

Jacob Sturm von Sturmeck, German statesman and reformer (d. 1553)

1490-06-28

Albrecht von Brandenburg, German archbishop/monarch of Mainz/cardinal

1492-04-04

Ambrosius Blarer, German reformer (d. 1564)

1493-06-05

Justus Jonas, German Protestant reformer (d. 1555)

1494-04-20

John Agricola, [Schneider], German theologist/prime minister

1494-11-05

Hans Sachs, German composer, playwright and shoemaker

1495-04-16

Petrus Apianus, German mathematician (d. 1557)

1497-02-15

Philipp Melanchthon, German Protestant

1499-06-24

Johannes Brenz, German theologist (Dutch Brentians)

1500-04-12

Joachim Camerarius, [Liebhard Kammerer], German humanist

1501-02-24

Sixt(us) Birck [Xystus Betulius], German writer (Suzanna)

1501-04-19

Erasmus Sarcerius, German Lutheran theologian and reformer (d. 1559)

1502-01-10

Hendrik Niclaes, German/Dutch merchant/cult leader (Children of God)

1502-04-25

Georg Major, German Protestant theologian (d. 1574)

1503-03-10

Ferdinand I, German emperor (1558-64)

1503-06-01

Wilhelm von Grumbach, German lt col

1504-01-01

Caspar Cruciger, German church reformer

1515-10-04

Lucas Cranach, the Younger, German painter

1516-04-23

Georg Fabricius, German poet, historian, and archaeologist (d. 1571)

1518-08-08

Conrad Lycosthenes, French-born German humanist and encyclopedist (d. 1561)

1522-11-09

Martin Chemnitz, German theologian (d. 1586)

1524-02-10

Albrecht Giese, German politician and diplomat (d. 1580)

1525-01-06

Caspar Peucer, German reformer (d. 1602)

1527-07-31

Maximilian II, German King/Emperor (1564-76)

1529-04-03

Michael Neander, German mathematician and astronomer (d. 1581)

1531-09-14

Philipp Apianus, [Bennewitz/Bienewitz], German geography/cartographer

1532-12-26

Guilielmus Xylander, German classical scholar (d. 1576)

1534-07-18

Zacharias Ursinus, German theologist (Heidelberger Catechism)

1534-11-05

Joachim Camerarius, German botanist/physician (horticulture catalog)

1539-03-25

Christopher Clavius, German mathematician (d. 1612)

1539-12-20

Paul Melissus [Paul Schede], German poet/composer

1540-01-28

Ludolph van Ceulen, German mathematician (d. 1610)

1540-07-11

Adolf van Nassau, German son of Willem the Rich/Juliana of Stolberg

1546-02-14

Johann Pistorius, German theologist/historian

1547-03-01

Rudolph Goclenius, German philosopher (d. 1628)

1547-09-22

Philipp Nikodemus Frischlin, German philologist and poet (d. 1590)

1550-09-30

Michael Maestlin, German mathematician (d. 1631)

1555-12-04

Heinrich Meibom, German historian and poet (d. 1625)

1555-12-27

Johann Arndt, German Lutherian theologist

1560-06-25

Wilhelm Fabry, German surgeon (d. 1634)

1561-08-29

Bartholomeus Pitiscus, German mathematician (Trigonometry)

1569-11-11

Martin Ruland the Younger, German physician and alchemist (d. 1611)

1573-01-10

Simon Marius, German astronomer (d. 1624)

1573-02-28

Elias Hill, German architect/city builder (Augsburg)

1576-05-27

Caspar Schoppe, German scholar (d. 1649)

1578-03-18

Adam Elsheimer, German painter/cartoonist/etcher, baptized

1578-07-09

Ferdinand II, King of Bohemia/Hungary/German Emperor (1619-37)

1582-10-17

Johann Gerhard, German Lutheran leader (d. 1637)

1583-09-24

Albrecht Eusebius Wenzel von Wallenstein, German general

1586-01-20

Johann Hermann Schein, German composer (Fontana d'Israel)

1586-08-17

Johann V Andreae, German vicar/writer (Christenburg)

1587-11-04

Samuel Scheidt, German organist/composer, baptised

1591-02-25

Friedrich von Spee, German writer (d. 1635)

1592-05-01

Johann A Schall von Bell, German missionaries/astronomer

1593-05-20

Salomo Glassius, German theologian (d. 1656)

1595-05-27

Benedictus Carpzovius, [Benedikt Carpzov], German lawyer

1597-12-23

Martin Opitz, Germany, poet "Father of Modern German Poetry"

1599-09-20

Christian the Younger, German Protestant military leader (d. 1623)

1601-05-02

Athanasius Kircher, German Jesuit/inventor (magic lantern)

1602-01-06

Karl Rabenhaupt, German/Dutch baron of Sucha/army leader

1604-01-04

Jacob Balde, German jesuit/barok conductor (Jephthe)

1605-07-29

Simon Dach, German poet

1605-09-23

Daniel von Czepko, German poet

1607-03-12

Paul Gerhardt, German hymnist (d. 1676)

1607-11-01

Georg Philipp Harsdorffer, German poet (d. 1658)

1608-02-05

Gaspar Schott, German mathematician (d. 1666)

1608-07-13

Ferdinand III, King of Hungary/Bohemia/German Emperor (1637-57)

1610-03-01

Johann B Schup, [Schuppius], German poet/historian

1611-09-08

Johann Friedrich Gronovius, German classical scholar (d. 1671)

1612-06-23

Justus G Schottel, [Schottelius], German poet

1615-06-27

Johann Paul Schor, German Baroque painter

1616-05-19

Johann Jakob Froberger, German singer/organist/composer

1616-10-11

Andreas Gryphius, German writer (d. 1664)

1617-08-13

Johann A Quenstedt, German Lutherian theologist

1619-10-08

Philipp von Zesen, German poet/historian (Amsterdam)

1620-01-31

Georg F von Waldeck, German commander-in-chief

1620-12-18

Heinrich Roth, German Sanskrit scholar (d. 1668)

1622-02-24

Johannes Clauberg, German theologian and philosopher (d. 1665)

1624-06-15

Hiob Ludolf, German orientalist (d. 1704)

1624-12-25

Angelus Silesius, [Johann Scheffler], German mystic (St Seelenlust)

1626-12-20

Veit Ludwig von Seckendorff, German statesman (d. 1692)

1628-01-01

Christoph Bernhard, German composer

1632-01-08

Samuel, Freiherr von Pufendorf, German jurist

1632-01-29

Johann Georg Graevius, German classical scholar and critic (d. 1703)

1632-05-08

Heino Heinrich Graf von Flemming, German marshal (d. 1706)

1632-08-02

Kaspar von Stieler, German poet (Teutsche Wolredner)

1634-01-07

Adam Krieger, German composer

1635-01-13

Philipp Jakob Spener, German theologian (d. 1705)

1635-02-01

Marquard Gude, German archaeologist (d. 1689)

1637-08-16

Emilie Juliane of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, German countess and poet (d. 1706)

1638-03-14

Johann Georg Gichtel, German mystic (d. 1710)

1639-02-06

Daniel Georg Morhof, German writer and scholar (d. 1691)

1642-06-20

George Hickes, English linguistic (Old German Philology)

1642-12-06

Johann Christoph Bach, German composer (d. 1703)

1644-07-02

Abraham a Santa Clara, [Johann Megerle], German court vicar

1645-02-09

Johann Aegidius Bach, German violistian (d. 1716)

1646-07-01

G W Leibniz, German mathematician/philosopher; postulated monads

1646-07-29

Johann Theile, German composer (Adam & Eve)

1646-08-08

Godfrey Kneller, German-born painter (d. 1723)

1647-08-12

Johann Heinrich Acker, German writer (d. 1719)

1651-04-10

Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus, German mathematician (d. 1708)

1651-09-16

Engelbert Kaempfer, German physician and traveler (d. 1716)

1652-05-27

Elisabeth C "Liselotte" van de Palts, German/French duchess of Orleans

1652-12-09

Augustus Quirinus Rivinus, German physician (d. 1723)

1654-03-16

Andreas Acoluthus, German orientalist (d. 1704)

1654-11-05

Christian Liebe, German composer

1655-01-01

Christian Thomasius, German jurist (d. 1728)

1656-02-20

Johannes Schenck, German/Neth composer, baptised

1660-02-19

Friedrich Hoffmann, German physician and chemist (d. 1742)

1660-05-20

Andreas Schlüter, German sculptor (d. 1714)

1660-10-21

Georg Ernst Stahl, German scientist (d. 1734)

1660-11-15

Hermann von der Hardt, German historian (d. 1746)

1660-11-20

Daniel Ernst Jablonski, German theologian (d. 1741)

1660-12-26

Peter Schenck, German/Neth engraver/publisher, baptised

1661-09-02

Georg Bohm, German organist/composer

1662-05-03

Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann, German architect (d. 1736)

1663-03-22

August Hermann Francke, German Protestant minister (d. 1727)

1665-02-12

Rudolph J Camerarius, German botanist/physician (sexuality plant)

1665-03-27

Benjamin Neukirch, German poet (Herrn von Hofmannswaldau)

1666-03-15

George Bähr, German architect (Frauenkirche, Dresden) (d. 1738)

1666-07-10

John Ernest Grabe, German-born Anglican theologian (d. 1711)

1666-09-05

Gottfried Arnold, German theologist/historian/songwriter

1667-11-05

Christoph Ludwig Agricola, German painter (d. 1719)

1668-11-11

Johann Albert Fabricius, German scholar and bibliographer (d. 1736)

1676-06-06

Georg Riedel, German composer

1676-07-14

Caspar Abel, German theologian, historian, and poet (d. 1763)

1677-02-04

Johann Ludwig Bach, German composer (d. 1731)

1678-07-26

Joseph I Habsburg, German king/Roman catholic emperor (1705-11)

1679-01-24

Christian von Wolff, German philosopher

1679-10-20

Samuel von Cocceji, German lawyer

1680-01-03

Johann Baptist Zimmermann, German stucco worker

1680-09-22

Barthold Heinrich Brockes, German poet (d. 1747)

1681-09-11

Johann Gottlieb Heineccius, German jurist (d. 1741)

1682-04-03

Johann Valentin Rathgeber, German benedictine/composer

1682-07-10

Bartholomaeus Ziegenbalg, German Lutheran missionary to India (d. 1719)

1683-01-13

Johann Christoph Graupner, German composer

1684-01-14

Johann Matthias Hase, German scientist (d. 1742)

1684-12-22

Johann J Dillenius, [Dillen], German botanist (Historia Muscorum)

1685-06-30

Dominikus Zimmermann, German architect/painter (Liebfrauenkirche)

1687-01-30

[Johann] Balthasar Neumann, German architect, baptized

1687-06-24

Johann Albrecht Bengel, German scholar (d. 1757)

1687-12-26

Johann Georg Pisendel, German violinist/composer

1690-03-18

Christian Goldbach, German mathematician (Goldbach position)

1691-04-09

Johann Matthias Gesner, German classical scholar (d. 1761)

1692-02-25

Karl Ludwig, Freiherr von Pöllnitz, German adventurer and writer (d. 1775)

1692-11-07

Johannes G Schnabel, German author/surgeon (Insel Felsenburg)

1692-11-15

Eusebius Amort, German Catholic theologian (d. 1775)

1693-06-17

Johann Georg Walch, German theologian (d. 1775)

1694-08-24

Theodor A Freiherr von Neuhoff, German adventurer/king [or 8/25]

1694-12-22

Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and writer (d. 1768)

1695-06-05

Johann Conrad Schlaun, German barok architect

1697-01-30

Johann Joachim Quantz, German royal flautist/composer

1697-02-24

Bernard S Albinus, [Weiss], German surgeon/anatomist

1697-03-09

Friederike C Neuber, German actress/author (Allerkostbarste Schatz)

1697-06-04

Jacob Israel Emden, [Jacob ben Tswi], German rabbi

1697-11-25

Gerhard Tersteegen, German evangelist/poet (wrote in blood)

1699-02-17

Hans Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff, German architect (Sanssouci)

1700-05-26

Nikolaus L earl von Zinzendorf und Pottendorf, German evangelist

1700-08-13

Heinrich, count von Brühl, German statesman (d. 1763)

1701-01-27

Johann N von Hontheim, German church historian/suffragan (bishop)

1702-01-10

Johannes Zick, German fresco painter (d. 1762)

1702-05-02

Friedrich Christoph Oetinger, German theologian (d. 1782)

1704-10-09

Ján Andrej Segner, Slovak and German mathematician, physicist, and physician (d. 1777)

1704-11-01

Paul Daniel Longolius, German encylopedist (d. 1779)

1705-09-07

Matthäus Günther, German painter (d. 1788)

1706-01-07

Johann Heinrich Zedler, German publisher (d. 1751)

1706-02-12

Josef Christian, German sculptor

1706-05-17

Andreas Felix von Oefele, German historian and librarian (d. 1780)

1706-11-08

Johann Ulrich von Cramer, German judge and philosopher (d. 1772)

1708-01-30

Georg D Ehret, German/English cartoonist

1708-04-23

Friedrich von Hagedorn, German poet (Versuch einiger Poem)

1708-05-03

Johann Adolph Scheibe, German music theroist/composer

1709-01-01

Johann H H Butz, German/Dutch organ builder

1709-03-10

Georg Steller, German naturalist (d. 1746)

1710-02-01

Konrad E Ackermann, German actor (Die Oberpfalz)

1710-07-21

Paul Möhring, German physician (d. 1792)

1711-09-06

Henry Muhlenberg, German-born founder of the U.S. Lutheran Church (d. 1787)

1712-01-24

Georg F Schmidt, German engraver/etcher

1712-10-30

Christian Wilhelm Ernst Dietrich, German painter

1713-09-14

Johann Kies, German mathematician (d. 1781)

1714-03-08

Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, German composer, son of JS Bach

1714-09-17

Gottlieb W Rabener, German author (Vom Misbrauch of the Satire)

1715-01-10

Christian August Crusius, German philosopher and theologian (d. 1775)

1715-03-07

Ewald Christian von Kleist, German poet (d. 1759)

1715-07-25

Immanuel J Pyra, German poet (Temple of Real Poetry)

1715-11-13

Dorothea Erxleben, German, first female medical doctor (d.1762)

1716-12-25

Johann Jakob Reiske, German scholar and physician (d. 1774)

1717-08-13

Christoph Nichelsmann, German composer

1717-12-09

Johann J Winckelmann, German archaeologist (History of Ancient Art)

1719-01-28

Johann Elias Schlegel, German critic and poet (d. 1749)

1719-06-11

Franz K von Velbruck, German free mason/prince-bishop of Luik

1719-08-04

Johann Gottlob Lehmann, German minerologist and geologist (d. 1767)

1719-09-27

Abraham Gotthelf Kästner, German mathematician (d. 1800)

1719-10-20

Gottfried Achenwall, German lawyer/statistician/economist

1720-01-04

Johann Friedrich Agricola, German (court)composer/organist

1720-05-11

Karl Friedrich Hieronymus Freiherr von Münchhausen, German adventurer (d. 1797)

1720-08-12

Konrad Ekhof, German actor (d. 1778)

1720-10-03

Johann P Uz, German poet (Lyrische Poem)

1720-12-14

Justus Möser, German statesman (d. 1794)

1721-04-24

Johann Philipp Kirnberger, German composer, baptised

1721-07-09

Johann Nikolaus Götz, German poet (d. 1781)

1723-09-11

Johann Bernhard Basedow, German educational reformer (d. 1790)

1723-10-04

Nikolaus Poda von Neuhaus, German entomologist (d. 1798)

1723-12-19

Susanne K von Klettenberg, German friend of Goethes mother

1723-12-22

Carl Friedrich Abel, German/British viola-da-gamba-player/composer

1723-12-26

Friedrich Melchior, baron von Grimm, German writer (d. 1807)

1724-07-02

Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, German poet

1724-12-13

Aepinus, [Franz UT Hoch], German physician/physicist

1725-02-25

Karl Wilhelm Ramler, German poet (Geistliche Kantaten)

1725-12-18

Johann Salomo Semler, German historian and Bible commentator (d. 1791)

1728-03-22

Anton Raphael Mengs, German writer/neo-classic painter

1728-08-26

Johann Heinrich Lambert, German scientist (d. 1777)

1729-03-16

Georg W "Franz" Panzer, German vicar/librarian (Annales typographic)

1729-09-06

Mozes Mendelssohn, German englightened philosopher (Haksalah)

1729-09-25

Christian G Heyne, German archaeologist

1729-10-22

Johann Reinhold Forster, German botanist (d. 1798)

1731-09-02

Johann F von Cronegk, German playwright (Olint und Sophronia)

1731-12-28

Christian Cannabich, German composer/royal chaplain master

1732-08-08

Johann C Adelung, German linguist/librarian

1733-03-15

Johann Zoffany, German painter, baptized

1733-04-27

Josef Gottlieb Kölreuter, Sulz am Neckar, German Botanist who pioneered the study of plant hybrids, especially among the tobacco plants

1736-09-16

Johann N Tetens, German/Danish philosopher/mathematician

1736-11-11

Johann H Schepp, German/Neth engraver

1738-11-15

F William Herschel, German/English astronomer (discovered Uranus)

1740-03-19

Joseph F Weigl, German/Austrian(?), violin cellist

1740-08-15

Matthias Claudius, German poet (d. 1815)

1740-09-12

Johann Heinrich Jung, German author (d. 1817)

1741-08-25

Karl Friedrich Bahrdt, German theologian (d. 1792)

1741-09-11

Johann J Angel, German author (Herr Lorenz Stark)

1741-09-22

Peter S Pallas, German geologist/zoologist (Siberia/Krim)

1742-07-01

Georg C Lichtenberg, German physicist/writer (types of Lichtenberg)

1742-10-12

Johan Peter Melchior, German sculptor

1742-12-16

Gebhard Fürst Blücher von Wahlstatt, German Field Marshal (d. 1819)

1742-12-25

Charlotte von Stein, German friend of Goethe (d. 1827)

1743-02-23

Mayer Amschel Rothschild, German-born banker (d. 1812)

1743-12-01

Martin H Klaproth, German chemist (uranium)

1744-07-19

Heinrich Christian Boie, German author (d. 1806)

1744-08-25

Johann G von Herder, German philosopher/theologist/poet

1746-02-16

Johann Heinse, German Sturm und Drang novelist/art critic

1747-03-31

Johann Abraham Peter Schulz, German composer (Moon has Risen)

1748-02-05

Christian Gottlob Neefe, German composer/conductor/tutor of Beethoven

1750-11-07

Friedrich Leopold Graf zu Stolberg, German poet (d. 1819)

1751-02-20

Johann Heinrich Voß, German poet (d. 1826)

1751-04-09

Emanuel Schikaneder, [Johann Schickeneder], German playwright [or 9/1]

1752-02-17

Friedrich M Klinger, German playwright (Wirrwarr)

1752-05-11

Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, German anthropologist (d. 1840)

1752-05-14

Albrecht Thaer, German agronomist (d. 1828)

1753-04-28

Franz K Achard, German physicist

1753-11-03

August G Meissner, German author

1755-04-10

Samuel Hahnemann, German physician/originator of homeopathy

1756-02-22

Georg Friedrich von Martens, German diplomat (d. 1821)

1756-07-02

Christian G Korner, German lawyer/father of Karl

1756-11-30

Ernst Chladni, German physicist (d. 1827)

1757-01-19

Augusta Reuss-Ebersdorf, German Princess (d. 1831)

1758-03-09

Franz Joseph Gall, German/French physician (frenology)

1759-02-15

Friedrich A Wolfius, [Wolf], German philological (Prolegomena)

1759-05-01

Jacob Albright, [Albrecht], German/US predictor

1761-01-23

Friedrich von Matthison, German poet (Adelaide)

1761-05-03

August von Kotzebue, German dramatist (d. 1819)

1761-07-25

Charlotte von Kalb, German writer

1762-05-19

Johann G Fichte German philosopher (Wissenschaftslehre)

1763-02-03

Caroline von Wolzogen, [von Lengefeld], German author

1763-09-02

Caroline von Schelling, [Michaelis], German author

1763-10-24

Dorothea von Schlegel, German novelist (d. 1839)

1764-05-20

J Gottfried Schadow, German sculptor/cartoonist/lithographer

1765-03-27

Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher/theologist

1765-06-15

Johann Gottlieb Friedrich von Bohnenberger, German mathematician (d. 1831)

1765-12-22

Johann Friedrich Pfaff, German mathematician (d. 1825)

1766-01-25

Hans CE Freiherr von Gagern, German advisor to Dutch king Willem I

1766-04-15

Friedrich Bouterwek, German philosopher/critic

1766-07-18

Friedrich Fleischmann, German composer

1766-10-22

Hans CE Freiherr von Gagern, German advisor to Dutch king

1766-11-24

J J Friedrich Weinbrenner, German architect/archaeologist

1767-04-27

Andreas Jakob Romberg, German violinist/composer (Song of the Clock)

1767-06-22

Wilhelm von Humboldt, German philosopher and statesman (d. 1835)

1767-09-05

August Wilhelm Schlegel, German poet/translator/critic

1767-11-11

Bernhard Romberg, German cellist/composer/royal chaplain bandmaster

1768-11-21

Friedrich Schleiermacher, German theologist/philosopher

1769-09-14

Alexander von Humboldt, Berlin, German naturalist and explorer (Kosmos), (d. 1859)

1770-03-20

Friedrich Hölderlin, German writer (d. 1843)

1770-04-09

Thomas Johann Seebeck, German physicist (d. 1831)

1770-08-27

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, German philosopher/inventor (dialectic)

1770-09-19

Johann G Repsold, German instrument maker

1770-10-22

Thomas Seebeck, Baltic German physicist (d. 1831)

1771-02-24

Johann Baptist Cramer, German/British pianist/composer/publisher

1771-03-10

Georg F Creuzer, German philological/historian (Idea und Probe)

1771-05-26

Rahel Varnhagen von Ense-Levin, German saloon owner/author

1771-09-17

Johann August Apel, German jurist and writer (d. 1816)

1772-05-04

Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus, German publisher (d. 1823)

1773-06-03

Caspar G C Reinwardt, German/Dutch biologist

1773-07-13

Wilhelm H Wackenroder, German writer (Fantasies about Art)

1773-08-23

Jakob F Fries, German philosopher

1774-04-26

Christian Leopold von Buch, German geologist (d. 1853)

1774-09-08

Anna K Emmerick/Emmerich, German poet

1775-04-22

Georg Hermes, German philosopher/theologist (Hermenianen)

1775-08-26

William Joseph Behr, German writer (d. 1851)

1776-01-24

Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann, German writer/judge/composer (Undine)

1776-08-15

Gottlieb Schick, German painter (Apollo under the Hirten)

1776-12-03

Johann Spurzheim, German neuroscientist (d. 1832)

1776-12-16

Johann Wilhelm Ritter, German physicist (d. 1810)

1777-01-02

Christian D Rauch, German sculptor

1777-02-12

Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué, German poet (d. 1843)

1777-07-23

Philipp Otto Runge, German painter (d. 1810)

1777-09-07

Heinrich Stölzel, German musician and composer (d. 1844)

1777-11-28

Georg A Kestner, German art collector/diplomat

1778-09-08

Clemens Brentano, German poet (d. 1842)

1779-02-21

Friedrich C von Savigny, German lawyer

1779-08-01

Lorenz Oken, German naturalist (d. 1851)

1780-01-10

M Heinrich C Lichtenstein, German zoologist

1780-01-12

Wilhelm M L de Wette, German exegetist/theologist

1780-02-19

Friedrich H von der Hagen, German germanist (Nibelungenlied)

1780-03-27

August L Crelle, German inventor/mathematician (1st Prussian Railway)

1781-01-26

Ludwig Joachim "Achim" von Arnim, German poet (Des Knaben Wunderhorn)

1781-02-09

Johann Baptist von Spix, German scientist (d. 1826)

1781-03-13

Karl F Schinkel, German architect/painter/writer (Schloss Tegel)

1781-05-04

Karl Christian Friedrich Krause, German philosopher (d. 1832)

1781-05-14

Friedrich von Raumer, German historian/parliamentarian

1781-06-05

Christian August Lobeck, German scholar (d. 1860)

1781-11-20

Karl F Eichhorn, German law historian

1783-01-20

Justus Johann Friedrich Dotzauer, German cellist and composer (d. 1860)

1783-12-11

Max von Schenkendorf, German poet

1784-02-29

Franz KL von Klenze, German architect (Hermitage, St-Petersburg)

1784-07-22

Friedrich W Bessel, German astronomer (star parallax, Bessel Function)

1785-02-21

Karl A Varnhagen von Ense, German officer/author (Die Sterner)

1785-04-01

J H Ferdinand Olivier, German painter

1785-04-04

Bettina von Arnim, German writer and composer of the Romantic era (This Book Belongs to the King)

1785-10-31

George F Kersting, German painter

1786-09-18

Justinus AC Kerner, German family doctor/poet/writer

1787-03-08

Karl Ferdinand von Graefe, German surgeon who helped create modern plastic surgery

1787-03-16

Georg Simon Ohm, Erlangen, Brandenburg-Bayreuth, German physicist (discovered Ohm's Law)

1787-09-18

Johann D Passavant, German historian/painter/graphic artist

1788-01-05

Kaspar Ett, German organist/composer

1788-03-10

Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff, German poet (Das Marmorbild)

1788-04-05

Franz Pforr, German painter/cartoonist (Lukasbund)

1788-05-10

Catherine Pavlovna of Russia, German queen (d. 1819)

1788-05-16

Friedrich Rückert, German Poet, Translator and Orientalist (d. 1866)

1788-08-02

Leopold Gmelin, German chemist (d. 1853)

1788-08-26

Aloys Schmitt, German music theory/composer/royal pianist

1788-09-06

F Wilhelm von Schadow, German painter (Modern Vasari)

1789-01-03

Carl G Carus, German physician/psychologist/philosopher

1789-01-17

August Neander, German theologian (d. 1850)

1789-02-09

Franz Xaver Gabelsberger, German inventor of the stenography (d. 1849)

1790-03-14

Ludwig Emil Grimm, German painter and engraver (d. 1863)

1790-03-15

Ludwig Immanuel Magnus, German mathematician (d. 1861)

1790-11-17

August Ferdinand Möbius, German mathematician (d. 1868)

1791-04-23

W Friedrich Olivier, German landscape painter/cartoonist

1791-09-23

Johann F Encke, German astronomer (Encke Comet)

1791-09-23

Karl T Korner, German poet (Zriny, Leyer und Schwerdt)

1792-02-28

Karl Earnest Ritter von Baer, Estonian/German embryologist

1792-10-12

Christian Gmelin, German chemist (d. 1860)

1793-03-04

Karl Lachmann, German philologist (d. 1851)

1794-03-26

Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld, German painter (d. 1872)

1794-04-09

Theobald Boehm, German inventor of the modern flute (d. 1881)

1794-04-17

Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius, German botanist (d. 1868)

1794-05-29

Johann Heinrich von Mädler, German astronomer (d. 1874)

1794-07-03

Eberhard F Walcker, German organ builder (Paulskirche Frankfurt)

1794-08-10

Leopold Zunz, German scientist (Synagogical Poetry)

1794-08-17

Prince Alexander of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, German priest (d. 1849)

1794-10-24

Friedrich B Freiherr von Gagern, German/Dutch army commandant

1795-02-08

Friedlieb F Runge, German chemist (Chinoline)

1795-03-28

Georg Heinrich Pertz, German historian (d. 1876)

1795-04-19

Christian Gottfried Ehrenburg, German zoologist

1795-05-15

Adolf B Marx, German music theorist

1795-06-24

Ernst Heinrich Weber, German anatomist and physiologist (d. 1878)

1795-09-04

Friedrich [August] von Alberti, German geologist (Triasic Age)

1795-11-26

Carl P Fohr, German painter

1795-12-21

Leopold von Ranke, German historian (d. 1886)

1796-02-17

Philipp Franz von Siebold, German physician (d. 1866)

1796-05-09

August Pauly, German classicus (Real Encyclopedia)

1796-12-29

Johann Christian Poggendorff, German physicist (d. 1877)

1797-01-10

Annette von Droste-Hülshoff, German writer (d. 1848)

1797-02-22

William I, Berlin, King of Prussia (1861-88)/German Emperor (1871-88)

1797-03-22

Kaiser Wilhelm I, German emperor (1871-88)

1797-07-18

Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher (d. 1879)

1798-01-24

Karl von Staudt, German math professor (projective geometrician)

1798-06-21

Wolfgang Menzel, German writer (d. 1873)

1798-09-11

Franz E Neumann, German mineralogist/mathematician/physicist

1799-03-28

Karl Adolph von Basedow, German artist (Ziekte van Basedow)

1799-04-13

Heinrich F L Rellstab, German music theorist

1799-08-20

Heinrich WA Freiherr von Gagern, German liberal politician

1800-03-03

Heinrich Georg Bronn, German geologist (d. 1862)

1800-05-30

Karl W Feuerbach, German mathematician (Position of Feuerbach)

1800-07-09

Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, German physician (d. 1885)

1801-04-19

Gustav T Fechner, [Dr Mises], German philosopher/physicist

1801-06-16

Julius Plücker, German mathematician and physicist (d. 1868)

1801-07-14

Johannes Peter Müller, German physiologist (d. 1858)

1801-11-24

Ludwig Bechstein, German poet (d. 1860)

1802-08-13

Nikolaus Lenau, Hungary, German poet (Faust, Die Albigenser)

1802-09-13

Arnold Ruge, German philosopher and writer (d. 1880)

1802-10-07

Bernhard Molique, German violinist and composer

1802-11-14

August F Pott, German philologist (Etymology Forschungen)

1803-05-12

Justus Freiherr von Liebig, German chemist (agricultural chemics)

1803-10-06

Heinrich Wilhelm Dove, German physicist (d. 1879)

1803-11-29

Gottfried Semper, German architect (d. 1879)

1804-02-12

Heinrich Lenz, German physicist (d. 1865)

1804-02-16

Karl Theodor Ernst von Siebold, German physiologist (d. 1885)

1804-02-19

Carl Freiherr von Rokitansky, German physician (d. 1878)

1804-06-10

Hermann Schlegel, German ornithologist (d. 1884)

1804-07-28

Ludwig A Feuerbach, German philosopher (Man is what he eats)

1804-09-08

Eduard Mörike, German poet (d. 1875)

1804-10-24

Wilhelm Eduard Weber, German physicist (d. 1891)

1804-12-10

Carl Gustav Jakob Jacobi, German mathematician (d. 1851)

1805-03-16

Peter Ernst von Lasaulx, German philosopher and writer (d. 1861)

1805-12-06

Adolf Reubke, German organ builder (d. 1875)

1806-01-03

Henriette Sontag, German soprano (d. 1854)

1806-06-12

John A. Roebling, German-America civil engineer (Brooklyn Bridge) (d. 1869)

1806-10-25

Max Stirner, [Johann C Schmidt], German philosopher (Der Einzige)

1807-03-07

Franz Grave von Pocci, German poet/composer (Der Alchemist)

1807-06-30

Friedrich T Vischer, German philosopher/writer (Auch einer)

1808-02-05

Carl Spitzweg, German painter (d. 1885)

1808-04-29

Hermann Schulze-Delitzsch, German politician/reformer [or 1883]

1808-06-20

Samson Raphael Hirsch, German rabbi (d. 1888)

1808-08-29

Hermann Schulze-Delitzsch, German politician/reformer

1808-10-20

Karl [Theodor] Andree, German geographer/journalist (Globus)

1808-10-24

Carl Bernhard von Cotta, Meiningen, Germany, German geologist

1809-03-15

Karl Josef von Hefele, German theologian (d. 1893)

1809-07-10

Friedrich August von Quenstedt, German geologist (d. 1889)

1810-01-29

Earnest E Kummer, German mathematician

1810-11-07

Fritz Reuter, German novelist

1810-11-09

Bernhard von Langenbeck, German surgeon (d. 1887)

1810-12-07

Theodor Schwann, German co-originator of cell theory

1811-09-28

Friedrich Hecker, Baden, German revolutionary republican politician

1811-09-30

Augusta of Saxe-Weimar, Queen of Prussia and German Empress (d. 1890)

1811-10-24

Ferdinand Hiller, German pianist/composer/conductor

1811-12-25

Wilhelm E Freiherr von Ketteler, German politician/bishop of Mainz

1812-01-10

Georg Hermann Nicolai, German architect (d. 1881)

1812-02-29

Hermann Hirschboch, German composer

1812-04-26

Alfred Krupp, German arms merchant

1812-04-30

Kaspar Hauser, German son of grand duke Karel van Bathe

1812-06-09

Hermann von Fehling, German chemist (Fehling's reagens)

1812-06-09

Johann G Galle, German astronomer (discovered Neptune)

1812-11-19

Karl Schwarz, German theologian (d. 1885)

1812-12-24

Karl Eduard Zachariae, German jurist (d. 1894)

1813-02-11

Otto Ludwig, German writer and critic (d. 1865)

1813-05-12

Johann Czerski, German chaplin

1813-06-16

Otto Jahn, German archaeologist (d. 1869)

1813-10-17

Georg Büchner, German playwright (d. 1837)

1813-10-23

Ludwig Leichhardt, German explorer (d. 1848)

1813-11-30

Hermann Kurz, German author/poet

1814-03-05

Wilhelm von Giesebrecht, German historian (d. 1889)

1814-05-14

Charles Beyer, German-British locomotive engineer (d. 1876)

1814-09-02

Ernst Curtius, German archaeologist/historian

1814-11-25

Julius Robert von Mayer, German physician and physicist (d. 1878)

1815-01-18

Constantin von Tischendorf, German biblical scholar (d. 1874)

1815-04-11

Klara Fey, German orchestra leader (Deutscher Arbeiterverein)

1815-08-02

Adolf Friedrich von Schack, German writer (d. 1894)

1815-08-04

Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich, Sulz am Neckar, German Physician and advocate of scientific medicine

1815-09-29

Andreas Aschenbach, German painter/engraver

1815-12-08

Adolph Menzel, German painter and graphic artist (d. 1905)

1816-07-25

Christian B Freiherr von Tauchnitz, German publisher (T Edition)

1816-09-11

Carl Zeiss, German lens maker (d. 1888)

1816-12-13

E Werner von Siemens, German artillery officer/inventor

1816-12-29

Carl Ludwig, German physician (d. 1895)

1817-02-22

Carl Wilhelm Borchardt, German mathematician (d. 1880)

1817-05-14

Alexander Kaufmann, German poet (d. 1893)

1817-09-14

Theodor Storm, German judge/author (Imense China)

1817-10-30

Hermann Kopp, German chemist (Jahresbericht of Chemistry)

1817-12-02

Heinrich von Sybel, German historian (d. 1895)

1818-02-12

Otto Ludwig, German writer (Die Heiterethei)

1818-04-20

Heinrich Göbel, German-born inventor (d. 1893)

1818-07-31

Heinrich Kiepert, German cartographer/geographer

1818-11-07

Emil du Bois-Reymond, German physician (d. 1896)

1819-07-06

Ernst Wilhelm von Brücke, Berlin, German Physician and Physiologist

1819-09-13

Clara Schumann, German pianist and composer (d. 1896)

1819-09-22

Wilhelm Wattenbach, German historian (d. 1897)

1819-12-22

Franz Wilhelm Abt, German composer/choir conductor

1819-12-30

Theodor Fontane, German writer (Effi Briest)

1820-01-22

Hermann von Lingg, German playwright/poet

1820-01-22

Joseph Wolf, German artist (d. 1899)

1820-04-16

Georg Curtius, German classical linguist

1820-09-28

Freidrich Engels, German social philosopher

1821-03-01

Joseph Hubert Reinkens, German Catholic bishop (d. 1896)

1821-03-15

Eduard Heine, German mathematician (d. 1881)

1821-03-26

Earnest Angel, German statistician (Law of Angel)

1821-05-17

Sebastian Kneipp, German naturopathist (d. 1897)

1821-10-13

Rudolf Virchow, Schivelbein, Pomerania, Prussia, German politician/anthropologist/pathologist (cell pathology), (d. 1902)

1822-01-06

Heinrich Schliemann, German polyglot/archeologist (Troje)

1822-01-07

Theodor Aufrecht, German indologist (Rigveda's Hymns)

1822-02-22

Adolf Kuszmaul, German physician (stomach pump, Kuszmaul disease)

1822-03-13

Moritz Grave von Strachwitz, German poet

1822-06-13

Carl Schmidt, German chemist (d. 1884)

1822-12-23

Wilhelm Bauer, German engineer (d. 1875)

1823-04-16

Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (d. 1852)

1823-10-26

Karl Weinhold, German sociologist

1823-12-06

Friedrich Max Müller, German orientalist (d. 1900)

1823-12-07

Leopold Kronecker, German mathematician (Tensor of Kronecker)

1823-12-10

Theodore Furchtegott Kirchner, Neukirchen, German composer

1824-03-29

Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician (d. 1899)

1824-07-10

Rudolf von Benningsen, German lawyer/politician

1824-11-21

Hieronymus Theodor Richter, Dresden, German Mineralogist and co-discoverer of the element indium

1825-03-05

Joseph Albert, German photographer (albertotype)

1825-06-28

Richard ACE Erlenmeyer, German chemist (Erlenemyer kolf)

1825-07-09

Jules Oppert, German Assyriologist (decodes characters)

1825-08-26

Jacobus J Backer, German sea historian

1825-09-11

Eduard Hanslick, German music critic (d. 1904)

1826-02-16

Joseph V von Scheffel, German writer (Gaudeamus)

1826-03-09

Jean Joseph Bott, German violinist/composer

1826-03-17

Oskar Peschel, German journalist/geography (Volkerkunder)

1826-03-29

Wilhelm Liebknecht, German MP (social-democratic)

1826-06-01

Carl Bechstein, German piano inventor

1826-08-21

Karl Gegenbaur, German anatomist (d. 1903)

1826-09-17

G F Berhard Riemann, German mathematician (zeta-function)

1826-12-08

Friedrich Siemens, German industrialist

1827-02-02

Oswald Aschenbach, German painter

1827-03-08

Wilhelm Bleek, German linguist (d. 1875)

1827-04-23

Johann F Ritter von Schulte, German Catholic lawyer

1827-06-13

Alberto Henschel, German-Brazilian photographer and businessman (d. 1882)

1828-01-10

Herman Koeckemann, German Catholic prelate (d. 1892)

1828-01-24

Ferdinand J Cohn, German botanist/publicist

1828-02-19

Johannes von Miquel, German politician

1828-07-04

Theodor W Ahlwardt, German orientalist

1828-12-23

Mathilde Wesendonk, German writer/poet (Tagebuchblatter)

1828-12-28

Karl L Kahlbaum, German psychiatrist (katatonie)

1829-01-03

Konrad Duden, German linguist (Der grosse Duden)

1829-01-09

Adolf von Schlagintweit, German explorer (Tarimbekken)

1829-02-02

Alfred Brehm, German zoologist (d. 1884)

1829-02-26

Levi Strauss, German-born clothing designer (d. 1902)

1829-05-30

Levin Goldschmidt, German business law expert

1829-08-23

Moritz B Cantor, German math historian

1829-09-12

Anselm Feuerbach, German painter

1830-01-08

Hans von Bülow, German pianist and composer (d. 1894)

1830-03-30

Julius F A Bahnsen, German philosopher

1830-04-19

Rudolf Cornely, German bible expert/jesuit

1830-08-19

Julius Lothar Meyer, Varel Oldenburg, German Chemist who developed the first periodic table of chemical elements independently of Dimitri Mendeleev

1830-11-23

Kaspar CE Ritter von Zumbusch, German/Austria sculptor

1831-02-24

Georg Leo earl von Caprivi, German chancellor/premier of Prussia

1831-03-06

Friedrich C K von Bodelschwingh, German theologist (Home Mission)

1831-03-23

Eduard Schlagintweit, German writer (d. 1866)

1831-04-14

Gerhard Rohlfs, German explorer/ambassador in Abyssinia

1831-06-26

Julius Rodenberg, [Levy], German writer (Kriegs-Songs of War & Peace)

1831-09-08

Wilhelm Raabe, [Jakob Corvinus], German author (Der Hungerpastor)

1831-10-18

Frederik III NK of Hohenzollern, German Kaiser/king of Prussia

1831-12-10

Alexander Conze, German archaeologist

1832-03-11

Franz Melde, German phyicist (Melde test)

1832-04-15

Wilhelm Busch, German poet (d. 1908)

1832-05-07

Carl G Neumann, German mathematician/physicist (Neumann-functions)

1832-05-14

Rudolf Lipschitz, German mathematician (d. 1903)

1832-06-10

Nikolaus A Otto, German technician (gas motor, otto motor)

1832-08-16

Wilhelm Wundt, German physiologist/psychologist/philosopher

1832-10-20

Constantin Lipsius, German architect (d. 1894)

1832-11-26

Karl Rudolf König, German physicist (d. 1901)

1833-05-05

Ferdinand von Richthofen, German geographer/explorer

1833-08-03

Auguste Schmidt, German teacher/feminist

1833-11-14

Antonius von der Linde, Neth/German librarian/chess player

1833-11-19

Wilhelm Dilthey, German philosopher (Das Leben Schleiermans)

1833-12-12

Matthias Hohner, German manufacturer (harmonica)

1834-01-07

Johann Philipp Reis, German physicist and inventor (d. 1874)

1834-01-17

August Weismann, German biologist (d. 1914)

1834-02-06

Edwin Klebs, Kaliningrad Russia, German Physician and Bacteriologist known for his work on the bacterial theory of infection and his discovery, with F. A. J. Löffler, of the diphtheria bacillus (Klebs-Löffler bacillus)

1834-02-23

Gustav Hermann Nachtigal, German physician/colonizer/consul in Tunis

1834-09-15

Heinrich von Treitschke, German historian/parliament member

1834-11-19

Georg H Quincke, German physicist (test of Quincke)

1835-02-26

Richard Andree, German geography/etnologist (Andree's Handatlas)

1835-03-01

Matthias J Scheeben, German theologist (Natur und Gnade)

1835-10-31

J F W Adolf Ritter von Baeyer, German chemist (Nobel 1905)

1835-12-06

Wilhelm Rudolf Fittig, Hamburg, German Chemist (synthesizing organic compounds)

1835-12-11

Adolf Stoecker, German anti semite/PM

1836-03-30

Karl Freiherr von Stumm-Halberg, German industrialist/politician

1836-05-28

Alexander Mitscherlich, German chemist (d. 1918)

1836-09-07

August Toepler, German physicist (d. 1912)

1836-12-13

Franz von Lenbach, German painter (d. 1904)

1837-04-24

Friedrich von Holstein, German diplomat (die graue Eminenz)

1837-05-09

Adam Opel, German manufacturer (cycling, motorcars)

1837-06-08

Moriz Heyne, German germanist (Beowulf)

1837-10-18

Friedrich W Mengelberg, German sculptor/painter

1838-01-16

Franz Brentano, German philosopher and psychologist (d. 1917)

1838-05-24

Paul Laband, German lawyer

1838-06-24

Gustav von Schmoller, German economist (Lectern Socialism)

1838-06-27

Paul von Mauser, German weapon designer (d. 1914)

1838-07-30

Eugen Richter, German parliament member (Liberal)

1838-12-11

Emil Rathenau, German industrialist (AEG)

1839-01-04

Carl Humann, German engineer (d. 1896)

1839-04-22

August W Eichler, German botanist

1839-06-03

Paul Lindau, German playwright/critic (Der Herr im Hause)

1839-07-10

Adolphus Busch, German-born brewer (d. 1913)

1839-08-19

Oskar Brefeld, German botanist

1839-09-25

Karl A von Zittel, German geologist/paleontologist (Libya)

1839-11-18

August A Kundt, German physicist (sound vibration, test of Kundt)

1839-11-20

Christian Wilberg, German painter (d. 1882)

1840-02-22

F August Bebel, German social-democrat

1840-02-25

Otto Liebmann, German philosopher (Climax of Theories)

1840-03-28

Mehemed Emin Pasja, German explorer/governor (Equatoria)

1840-04-21

Franz Xaver Haberl, German priest/musicologist (Magister choralis)

1840-06-16

Ernst Otto Schlick, German engineer (d. 1913)

1840-06-22

Ernest Debes, German cartographer (Baedeker)

1841-04-06

Karl Binding, German jurist (d. 1920)

1841-04-26

Wilhelm Scherer, German literature historian

1841-05-11

Ernst von Possart, German actor/stage manager/reciter

1841-11-25

Ernst Schröder, German mathematician (d. 1902)

1842-02-23

Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (d. 1906)

1842-02-25

Karl May, German writer (Old Shatterhand/Winnetou)

1842-03-22

Carl A N Rosa, German violinist/composer

1842-06-11

Carl von Linde, German engineer and industrialist (d. 1934)

1842-08-16

Jakob Rosanes, German mathematician (d. 1922)

1842-08-26

Heinrich I Quincke, German internist (Lumbaalpunctie)

1842-09-07

John H Zuckertort, German chess player

1842-12-07

Otto Ammon, German anthropologist/sociologist (schedelmetingen)

1843-04-01

Ludwig Enneccerus, German jurist

1843-07-29

Johannes Schmidt, German linguist (d. 1901)

1843-11-19

Richard Avenarius, German philosopher (d. 1896)

1843-12-11

Robert Koch, German bacteriologist (TB, cholera, Nobel 1905)

1844-01-30

Moritz F Freiherr von Bissing, German gen/gov-gen of Belgium (1914-17)

1844-02-01

Eduard Adolf Strasburger, German botanist (Angiospermen)

1844-05-17

Julius Wellhausen, German biblical scholar (d. 1918)

1844-06-03

Detlev [Freiherr Friedrich A von] Liliencron, German poet

1844-06-10

Karl Hagenbeck, German animal trainer (Von Tieren und Menschen)

1844-08-30

Friedrich Ratzel, German social-geographer (Lebensraum)

1844-10-15

Friedrich Nietzsche, Röcken bei Lützen, Prussia, German philosopher (Beyond Good and Evil), (d. 1900)

1844-11-25

Karl F Benz, German designer/auto manufacturer (4-taktmotor)

1844-12-04

Franz Xavier Wernz, German Superior General of the Society of Jesus (d. 1914)

1844-12-18

Lujo [Ludwig J von] Brentano, German economist

1845-01-07

Paul Deusen, German philosopher (Schopenhauer-Gesellschaft)

1845-02-03

Ernest von Wildenbruch, German playwright (Sedan)

1845-03-03

Georg Cantor, German mathematician (discover transfinite numbers)

1845-10-17

Franz Ehrle, German prefect of Vatican library

1846-02-09

Wilhelm Maybach, German engineer, designer of 1st Mercedes

1846-09-13

Richard Kiepert, German cartographer (Africa)

1846-09-25

Wladimir Köppen [Vladimir Köppen], St. Petersburg, Russia, German Meteorologist and Climatologist who mapped and classified the climatic regions of the world (Köppen climate classification system)

1847-02-07

Ernst Franck, German composer/conductor

1847-02-16

Ludwig Philipp Scharwenka, German composer (Album polonaise)

1847-03-08

Karl von Bach, German engineer (Maschinenelemente)

1847-05-10

Wilhelm Killing, German mathematician (d. 1923)

1847-07-20

Max Liebermann, German impressionist painter

1847-10-02

Paul Ludwig Hans von Beneckendorf und Hindenburg, German president

1847-10-06

Adolf von Hildebrand, German sculptor

1847-12-30

John Peter Altgeld, German/US (Gov-Ill)/pardoned Haymarket-anarchists

1848-04-09

Helena Lange, German feminist

1848-05-23

Helmuth J L von Moltke, German general/chief of staff (WW I)

1848-07-27

Friedrich Ernst Dorn, Guttstadt, Province of Prussia (now Warmia in Poland), German physicist who discovered that radon is emitted from radium

1848-10-05

Guido von List, German writer (d. 1919)

1849-01-11

Oskar Lassar, German dermatologist (bath house)

1849-03-19

Alfred von Tirpitz, German World War I Admiral (d. 1930)

1849-04-25

Felix Klein, German mathematician (Evanston Colloquium)

1849-10-26

Ferdinand Georg Frobenius, German mathematician (d. 1917)

1849-11-22

Friedrich von Bernhardi, German historian (Germany & the Next War)

1849-11-22

Christian Rohlfs, German artist (d. 1938)

1849-12-06

August von Mackensen, German field marshal (d. 1945)

1849-12-22

Fritz Mauthner, Bohemia, German author/philosopher (skepticism)

1849-12-28

Herbert von Bismarck, German politician/son of Otto of Bismarck

1850-01-06

Eduard "Ede" Bernstein, German marxist (New Era)

1850-01-06

Franz Xaver Scharwenka, German pianist/composer (Mataswintha)

1850-02-28

Hermann Schell, German theologist/philosopher (Gott und Geist)

1850-04-27

Hans Hartwig von Beseler, German general (d. 1921)

1850-07-12

Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist (d. 1912)

1850-09-02

Woldemar Voigt, German physicist (d. 1919)

1851-04-09

C E Arthur Wichmann, German/Dutch geologist (Neth Indies)

1851-07-24

Friedrich Schottky, German mathematician (d. 1935)

1851-08-13

Felix Adler, German-born educator (d. 1933)

1851-11-07

Chris von der Ahe, German born entrepreneur (d. 1913)

1852-01-11

Konstantin Fehrenbach, German chancellor (1920-21)

1852-03-22

Theodor Birt, [Beatus Rhenanus], German classical/writer

1852-04-12

[Carl L] Ferdinand von Lindemann, German mathematician

1852-07-10

Alfred von Kiderlen-Waechter, German foreign minister

1852-09-25

Hans Vaihinger, German philosopher (Nietzsche Philosophy)

1853-01-11

Gustav Falke, German author/poet (Der Mann im Nebel)

1853-03-28

Rudolf Kittel, German theologist (Psalms)

1853-09-04

Hermann von Wissmann, German Africa explorer/governor East-Africa

1853-09-16

Albrecht Kossel, German physician, Nobel laureate (d. 1927)

1853-09-17

Clemens Baeumker, German historian (Patristischen Philosophie)

1853-12-21

Isolde Kurz, German writer/poetess (Meine Mutter)

1854-02-17

Friedrich A Krupp, German arms manufacturer

1854-03-15

Emil Adolf von Behring, German physician; Nobel laureate (d. 1917)

1854-07-29

Georg Kerschensteiner, German educator (Theory of Education)

1854-09-10

Anton CR Dreesmann, German/Neth manufacturer (Vroom & Dreesman)

1854-10-31

Georg A Erman, German Egyptologist (Grammar of Ancient Egypt)

1854-11-28

Gottlieb J Haberlandt, Hungarians/German botanist

1855-01-22

Albert Neisser [Albert Ludwig Sigesmund Neisser], Schweidnitz Prussia, German physician who discovered the bacterias that cause gonorrhea and leprosy

1855-02-17

Otto Liman von Sanders, German general in Turkey (WW I)

1855-05-15

Eduard von Keyserling, Baltic German writer (Dritte Stiege)

1855-07-07

Ludwig Ganghofer, German writer (d. 1920)

1855-07-09

Johann P Zilcher, German composer

1855-07-26

Ferdinand Tönnies, German sociologist (d. 1936)

1855-09-09

Houston S Chamberlain, British/German race theorist

1855-10-08

Gustav Ehrismann, German germanist

1855-12-27

Paul Ehrenreich, German etnologist/mythologist

1855-12-30

Heinrich Hart, German writer (Song of Humanity)

1856-02-05

Otto Brahm, German critic/founder (Neue Deutsche Rundschau)

1856-02-15

Emil Kraepelin, German psychiatrist (d. 1926)

1856-02-16

Rudolph Karstadt, German entrepreneur (d. 1944)

1856-08-30

Carle David Tolmé Runge, German physicist (d. 1927)

1856-11-29

Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg, German Chancellor/premier Prussia

1856-12-25

Hans von Bartels, German painter (d. 1913)

1857-01-18

Otto von Below, German commandant (WW I)

1857-02-18

Max Klinger, German graphic artist/painter/sculptor

1857-07-05

Clara Zetkin, German women's rights advocate/communist

1857-08-14

Max Wagenknecht, German composer (d. 1922)

1857-08-15

Albert Ballin, German shipping tycoon (d. 1918)

1857-09-30

Hermann Sudermann, German writer (Honor, That Ehre, Frau Sorge)

1857-10-29

Conrad Haebler, German historian (Early printers of Spain/Portugal)

1857-11-29

Theodor Escherich, German pediatrician (d. 1911)

1858-01-10

Heinrich Zille, German illustrator and photographer (d. 1929)

1858-03-01

Georg Simmel, German philosopher/sociologist

1858-03-18

Rudolph C K Diesel, German engineer (Diesel motor)

1858-03-23

Ludwig Quidde, German historian/politician (Nobel prize 1927)

1858-04-23

Max Planck, German physicist (Planck Constant, Nobel 1918) father of Quantum Physics

1858-05-30

Siegfried Alkan, German composer (d. 1941)

1858-07-21

Lovis Corinth, German painter (d. 1925)

1858-07-24

Wolfgang Kapp, German politician (Kapp Putsch 1920)

1858-08-01

Paul Barth, German philosopher/sociologist

1858-08-16

Arthur Achleitner, German writer (d. 1927)

1858-10-05

Heinrich M von Battenberg, German son-in-law of queen Victoria

1859-01-13

Karl Bleibtreu, German author (Revolution of Literature)

1859-01-27

Wilhelm II, Potsdam, German emperor (1888-1918)

1859-02-03

Hugo Junkers, German aircraft designer (d. 1935)

1859-03-26

Adolf Hurwitz, German mathematician (d. 1919)

1859-07-14

Willy Hess, German violinist (d. 1928)

1859-11-13

Georg Knorr, German engineer (brake system trains)

1860-02-14

Eugen Schiffer, German politician (d. 1954)

1860-03-22

Alfred Ploetz, German physician (d. 1940)

1860-03-31

Isidor Traube, Hildesheim Hanover, German Chemist (founded capillary chemistry, research on liquids)

1860-05-20

Eduard Buchner, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1917)

1860-07-20

Johannes Walter, German geologist (Denudation of the Wilderness)

1860-08-22

Paul G Nipkow, German TV pioneer (Nipkow Award)

1860-08-28

Marianne V von Werefkin, Russian/German/Swiss painter [OS]

1860-09-11

Marianne V von Werefkin, Russian/German/Swiss painter [NS]

1861-01-13

Max Nonne, German neurologist (d. 1959)

1861-01-14

Wilhelm von Polenz, German writer (Der Pfarrer von Breitendorf)

1861-01-18

Hans Goldschmidt, German chemist

1861-02-12

Lou [Andreas-]Salome, Russian/German author (Im Kampf um Gott)

1861-06-22

Maximilian von Spee, German admiral (d. 1914)

1861-09-23

Robert Bosch, German inventor and industrialist (d. 1942)

1861-12-17

Fritz Volbach, German musicologist/conductor/composer

1861-12-22

Erich Schaeder, German theologist (Theocentric Theology)

1861-12-26

Friedrich Engel, German mathematician (group theory)

1862-02-17

Edward German (Jones), Whitchurch Shropshire, British composer

1862-02-17

Edward German, Let's Make Up

1862-03-05

Siegbert Tarrasch, German chess player (d. 1934)

1862-05-18

Freiherr Albert von Schrenk-Notzing, German para-psychologist

1862-11-15

Adolf Bartels, German folk art writer

1863-01-15

Adolph Goldschmidt, German historian

1863-01-19

Werner Sombart, German fascist (Juden und das Wirtschaftsleben)

1863-02-23

Franz von Stuck, German painter (Der Krieg)

1863-05-28

Georg Adler, German state economist

1863-06-11

Eduard David, German undersecretary (constitution of Weimar)

1863-06-21

Max Wolf, German astronomer (d. 1932)

1863-07-12

Paul Karl Ludwig Drude, German physicist (d. 1906)

1863-09-06

Rodolfo Lenz, German/Chilian linguist (El Papiamento)

1863-09-29

Franz Zorell, German RC exegetist/lexicographer

1863-09-29

Hugo Haase, German SPD-German parliament/revolutionary

1863-09-30

Reinhard Scheer, German admiral (WW I)

1863-10-05

Ludwig Borchardt, German Egyptologist

1863-12-13

Johannes Weiss, German New Testament scholar

1864-01-13

Wilhelm K W Wien, German physicist (Nobel 1911)

1864-02-06

John Henry Mackay, Scottish/German author/poet (Anarchists)

1864-03-30

Franz Oppenheimer, German sociologist/politician

1864-04-10

Eugene Francis Charles D'Albert, German pianist/composer (Golem)

1864-04-21

Max Weber, German sociologist/economist/historian (Ancient Judaism)

1864-06-14

Alois Alzheimer, Marktbreit, Bavaria, German psychiatrist/neuropathologist (Alzheimer Disease)

1864-06-22

Hermann Minkowski, German mathematician

1864-07-24

Frank Wedekind, German playwright (The "Lulu" plays)

1865-01-22

Friedrich Paschen, German physicist

1865-02-22

Otto Modersohn, German painter

1865-03-30

Heinrich Rubens, German physicist

1865-04-30

Max Nettlau, German anarchist (d. 1944)

1865-06-19

Alfred Hugenberg, German RC pres-dir of Krupp/media magnate

1865-06-28

Otto Julius Bierbaum, German writer/journalist (Remarkable Stories)

1865-07-26

Philipp Scheidemann, German Parliament (SPD)/mayor of Kassel

1865-09-03

Wilhelm Bousset, German theologist/historian

1865-10-15

Walther Amelung, German archaeologist

1866-02-06

Karl T Sapper, German geography/geologist (Vulkankunde)

1866-04-22

Hans von Seeckt, German general (Future of the Reich)

1866-05-23

Gustav Aschaffenburg, German psychiatrist/criminalologist

1866-08-05

Carl Harries, German chemist (d. 1923)

1866-11-07

Paul Lincke, German composer/conductor/publisher (Frau Luna)

1867-01-17

Carl Laemmle, German-born film executive (d. 1939)

1867-01-21

Ludwig Thoma, German writer (d. 1921)

1867-02-11

August W Messer, German philosopher/educator/psychologist

1867-02-12

Hedwig Courths-Mahler, German author (Warbride) [or Febr 18]

1867-02-26

Siegfried Passarge, German geographer (Cameroon/So Afr/America)

1867-04-02

Eugen Sandow, German bodybuilder and circus performer (d. 1925)

1867-05-14

Kurt Eisner, German premier of revolutionary Bavaria (1918-19)

1867-07-10

Max Prinz von Baden, German chancellor (Oct-Nov 1918)

1867-07-25

Max Dauthendy, German painter/author (Ewige Hochzeit)

1867-08-07

Emil Nolde, [Hansen], German painter/graphic artist

1867-08-13

Rudolf Georg Binding, German songwriter/writer (Legenden Der Zeit)

1867-12-22

Joseph [Maria] Olbrich, Silesia, German architect (Wiener Sezession)

1868-01-07

Abraham M "Mark" Lidzbarski, Polish/German orientalist

1868-02-16

Wilhelm Schmidt, German anthropologist/linguist (Anthropos)

1868-03-31

Karl Bonhoeffer, German psychiatrist/neurologist

1868-04-14

Peter Behrens, German architect (d. 1940)

1868-04-19

Max Von Schillings, German composer/conductor (Der Pfeifertag)

1868-07-30

Alfred Weber, German economist/sociologist

1868-10-08

Max Slevogt, German painter

1868-10-16

Franz X Ritter von Epp, German general (China)

1868-11-08

Felix Hausdorff, German mathematician (d. 1942)

1868-12-05

Arnold Sommerfeld, German physicist (d. 1951)

1868-12-09

Fritz Haber, German phycist-chemist (Nobel 1919)

1869-02-11

Else Lasker-Schüler, German writer (d. 1945)

1869-04-30

Hans Poelzig, German architect (d. 1936)

1869-06-06

Siegfried Wagner, German opera composer/conductor

1869-06-27

Hans Spemann, German embryologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1941)

1869-10-03

Alfred Flatow, German Olympic champion gymnast (d. 1942)

1869-11-13

Helene Stöcker, German feminist, pacifist and publicist (d. 1943)

1869-12-02

Jonas Cohn, German/English philosopher (Theory of the Dialects)

1869-12-19

Eduard Hermann, Coburg Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, German linguist (Homer)

1870-01-16

Wilhelm Normann, German chemist (hardening of oils)

1870-02-10

Fritz Klimsch, German sculptor/painter

1870-04-07

Gustav Landauer, German socialist

1870-06-21

Clara Immerwahr, German chemist (d. 1915)

1870-09-04

Friedrich Panzer, German germanist (Das Nibelungenlied)

1870-9-27

Alfred Deutsch-German, Die Tat des Andreas Harmer

1871-01-12

Paul Guthnick, German astronomer

1871-02-04

Friedrich Ebert, German politician, 1st Reichspräsident of the Weimar Republic (d. 1925)

1871-04-29

Louis William Stern, German/US philosopher (Intelligence of Children)

1871-08-13

Karl Liebknecht, German revolutionary marxist (Sparta Party)

1871-09-19

Fritz Schaudinn, German animal expert (examined syphilis)

1871-10-29

Narziss Ach, German psychologist (Analyse des Willens)

1872-08-13

Richard Willstätter, German chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1942)

1872-12-10

Ludwig Klages, German philosopher (study of graves)

1873-01-06

Karl Straube, German organist/conductor

1873-02-02

Freiherr Konstantin von Neurath, German secretary of State (1932-38)

1873-03-10

Jakob Wassermann, Germany, novelist (My Life as German & Jew)

1873-03-25

Rudolf Rocker, German/US anarchist

1873-04-26

Otto zur Linde, German author (Charon)

1873-05-21

Hans Berger, German neuroscientist (d. 1941)

1873-06-29

Leo Frobenius, Berlin, Germany, German ethnologist and archaeologist (African cultures)

1873-07-06

Paul Keller, German writer (Ferien vom Ich)

1873-10-09

Karl Schwarzschild, German astronomer (Schwarzschild effect)

1873-11-09

Otfrid Foerster, German neurologist (d. 1941)

1874-01-01

Gustave Whitehead, German inventor (d. 1927)

1874-02-16

Marie Gutheil-Schoder, German soprano (d. 1935)

1874-03-20

Börries von Münchhausen, German poet (d. 1945)

1874-04-18

Oskar Ernst Bernhardt, German author (d. 1941)

1874-07-07

Erwin Bumke, German jurist (d. 1945)

1874-08-22

Max Scheler, German philosopher (Vom Umsturz der Werte)

1874-08-27

Karl Bosch, German chemist (BASF, Nobel 1931)

1874-09-01

Ismar Elbogen, German/US rabbi (Encyclopedia Judaica)

1874-12-11

Paul Wegener, German actor/director (Student of Prag)

1874-12-13

Ludwig Curtius, German archaeologist (Die antike Kunst)

1875-01-07

Gustav Flatow, German gymnast (d. 1945)

1875-01-16

Leonor Michaelis, German enzyme kinetic theorist (d. 1947)

1875-01-21

John Lindworsky, German jesuit/psychologist (Der Wille)

1875-02-02

Annette Kolb, German/French author (Small Fanfare)

1875-02-18

Walter Andrae, German archaeologist (Babylon, Assur)

1875-03-02

Hans Lietzman, German theologist/church historian

1875-07-03

Ernst F Sauerbruch, German nazi/surgeon

1875-09-03

Ferdinand Porsche, German car inventor (Porsche, Volkswagen)

1875-12-03

Bernhard Lichtenberg, German clergyman/antifascist

1875-12-12

Karl R G von Rundstedt, German gen-fieldmarshal (Normandy)

1876-01-03

Wilhelm Pieck, co-founder German Communist Party/pres (1949-60)

1876-02-06

Wilhelm Schmidtbonn[-Schmidt], German playwright (Der Sprechende Eros)

1876-02-08

Paula Modersohn-Becker, German "entartet" painter

1876-02-13

Fritz Buelow, German-born American baseball player (d. 1933)

1876-03-29

Joseph Schmidlin, German church historian/antifascist

1876-04-23

Arthur Moeller van den Bruck, German historian (d. 1925)

1876-04-24

Erich Raeder, German naval commander (d. 1960)

1876-07-02

Wilhelm Cuno, German ship owner/republic chancellor (1922-23)

1876-07-20

Otto Blumenthal, German mathematician (d. 1944)

1876-09-05

Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb, German field marshal (d. 1956)

1876-10-22

Karl B Adam, German theologist (Christ our Brother)

1876-10-23

Franz Schlegelberger, German judge and politician (d. 1970)

1876-12-06

Fred Duesenberg, German-born automobile pioneer (d. 1932)

1876-12-07

Ludwig Schiedermair, German musicologist (Beethoven-Archiv)

1877-01-22

Hjalmar Schacht, president of German Reichsbank/minister of Economics

1877-01-31

Max Ettlinger, German philosopher

1877-02-07

Julius Curtius, German minister of Foreign affairs (1929-..)

1877-02-19

Else Berg, German/Dutch painter

1877-02-19

Gabriele Münter, German painter (d. 1962)

1877-03-04

Fritz Graebner, German ethnologist (d. 1934)

1877-03-12

Wilhelm Frick, German protector of Bohemia/Moravia

1877-04-02

Arnold Schering, German musicologist (Humor, Heldentum, Tragik)

1877-05-03

Karl Abraham, German psychoanalyst (d. 1925)

1877-06-04

Heinrich Wieland, German chemist (bile acids-Nobel 1927)

1877-07-13

Karl Erb, German tenor

1877-08-10

Rudolf Hilferding, German economist/SPD-minister of Finance

1877-09-13

Wilhelm Filchner, German explorer (d. 1957)

1877-10-08

Hans Heysen, German-born landscape artist (d. 1968)

1878-01-16

Robert Garbe, German poet (Gorniek)

1878-01-28

Walter Kollo [Kollodziepski], German composer (Der Juxbaron)

1878-02-08

Martin Buber, German/Israeli philosopher/theologist (Ich und Du)

1878-04-01

Carl Sternheim, German playwright (Hyperion/Tabula Rasa)

1878-04-06

Erich Mühsam, German author (d. 1934)

1878-04-12

Richard B Goldschmidt, German/US zoologist

1878-04-21

Albert Weisgerber, German painter/graphic artist

1878-05-10

Gustav Stresemann, German chancellor (1923, Nobel 1926)

1878-08-10

Alfred Döblin, German writer (d. 1957)

1878-09-02

Werner von Blomberg, German minister of Reichswehr

1878-09-16

Karl Albiker, German sculptor (German Art, female nudes)

1878-10-24

Hermann Claudius, German folk poet (Meister Bertram)

1878-10-29

Alex E von Falkenhausen, German general (China, WW II)

1878-11-13

Max Dehn, German mathematician (d. 1952)

1878-11-21

Gustav Radbruch, German lawyer/minister of Justice

1879-03-08

Otto Hahn, German physicist/chemist (Nobel 44, radiothorium/actinium)

1879-03-14

Albert Einstein, German-born theoretical physicist and Nobel laureate (theory of relativity)

1879-03-19

Joseph Haas, German (opera)composer (Tobias Wunderlich)

1879-04-19

Richard Scheibe, German sculptor (Adler mit Hakenkreuz)

1879-05-27

Hans Lammers, German SS officer (d. 1962)

1879-06-05

Robert Mayer, German-born philanthropist (d. 1985)

1879-06-11

Max Schreck, German actor (d. 1936)

1879-06-16

Fritz Schulz, German law historian (Classical Novel Law)

1879-08-06

Joseph Wirth, German politician (Stalin Peace Prize)

1879-09-06

Max Schreck, German actor (d. 1936)

1879-10-29

Franz JHMM von Papen, German diplomat/chancellor (1932)

1879-11-02

Jean Gilbert, [Max Winterfield], German composer (Prince Regent)

1879-12-15

Rudolf von Laban, Czech/German choreographer (modern dance)

1879-12-18

Paul Klee, Münchenbuchsee Switzerland, Swiss/German abstract painter (Twittering Machine)

1880-02-08

Franz Marc, German painter (Blaue Reiter)

1880-02-21

Waldemar Bonsels, German writer (d. 1952)

1880-03-21

Hans Hofmann, German/US painter (Search for the Real)

1880-03-21

Wilhelm Pessler, German sociologist

1880-05-01

Conrad Weiss, German writer/poet (Tantum dic verbo)

1880-05-14

Wilhelm List, German field marshal (d. 1971)

1880-05-15

Otto Dibelius, German theologist/bishop (Confessional Church)

1880-07-20

Hermann earl Keyserling, German philosopher/writer

1880-08-22

Gorch Fock, German author and poet (d. 1916)

1880-09-14

Paul Fechter, German writer (Der Zauberer Gottes)

1880-11-01

Alfred L Wegener, German meteorologist (continental shift)

1880-12-03

Fedor von Bock, German field marshal (d. 1945)

1880-12-10

Fred Immler, German actor (d. 1965)

1880-12-30

Alfred Einstein, German/US musicologist/nephew of Albert Einstein

1881-01-04

Wilhelm Lehmbruck, German painter/poet/sculptor (Seated Youth)

1881-01-25

Emil Ludwig, German biographer (Diana, Son of Man)

1881-02-14

Otto Selz, German psychologist

1881-02-19

Armin Knab, German composer (Eichendorff-cycle)

1881-04-18

Hermann KJ Zilcher, German pianist/composer (Dr Eisenbart)

1881-04-25

Hans Windisch, German new testament expert

1881-05-27

Rudolf Pannwitz, German writer

1881-05-30

Georg von Küchler, German field marshal (d. 1968)

1881-06-29

Curt Sachs, German musicologist (d. 1959)

1881-07-06

Josef Winckler, German dentist/writer (Quadriga, Pumpernickel)

1881-07-19

Friedrich J H Dessauer, German physicist (radiologist)

1881-08-08

Paul L E von Kleist, German general-fieldmarshal (Eastern Front)

1881-08-15

Alfred Wagenknecht, German-born American activist (d. 1956)

1881-10-04

[Heinrich A H] Walther von Brauchitsch, German fieldmarshal

1881-11-12

Maximilian von Weichs, German field marshal (d. 1954)

1881-12-04

Erwin von Witzleben, German fieldmarshal (July 20th plot)

1881-12-31

Max Pechstein, German "entartet" painter/graphic artist (The Bridge)

1882-02-26

Walter Lucht, German artillery general (WW I/WW II)

1882-03-23

Emmy Noether, German mathematician (d. 1935)

1882-04-07

Kurt von Schleiger, German chancellor (12/2/32-1/28/33)

1882-06-04

Karl Valentin, German comic/writer

1882-06-24

Carl Diem, German Olympic official (d. 1962)

1882-06-27

Eduard Spranger, German psychologist/educator

1882-08-26

James Franck, German naturalist (Nobel 1925)

1882-09-22

Wilhelm Keitel, German fieldmarshal

1882-10-03

Gunther von Kluge, German fieldmarshal

1882-10-11

Will Vesper, German author (Vom grossen Krieg)

1882-10-12

Hermann Wolfgang Sartorius Waltershausen, German musicologist/composer

1882-12-16

Walther Meissner, German physicist (Meissner effect)

1883-01-19

Hermann Abendroth, German conductor

1883-02-22

Alfred Wikenhauser, German RC exegetist (John-Apokalyps)

1883-02-26

Erich R Jaensch, German psychologist (eidetism)

1883-05-07

Martin Albertz, German theologist (Church Jesus Christ)

1883-07-10

Johann Blaskowitz, German general

1883-09-14

Martin Dibelius, German theologist (Die Lade Jahwes)

1883-10-08

Otto Heinrich Warburg, German physician, Nobel laureate (d. 1970)

1884-02-12

Max Beckmann, German painter/graphic artist

1884-03-13

Oskar Loerke, German writer (Longest Day-1926)

1884-06-13

Anton Drexler, founder of the German Worker's Party (d. 1942)

1884-06-25

Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler, German art promoter (d. 1979)

1884-07-02

Alfons Maria Jakob, German neurologist (d. 1931)

1884-07-07

Lion Feuchtwanger, German dramatist (d. 1958)

1884-07-31

Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, German Leipzig mayor and Nazi regime opponent (20th July Plot)

1884-08-16

Walther von Reichenau, German field marshal (d. 1942)

1884-09-24

Hugo Schmeisser, German weapons designer (d. 1953)

1884-10-08

Walther von Reichenau, German military officer (d. 1942)

1884-10-11

Friedrich C R Bergius, German chemist (benzine from brown coal, Nobel)

1884-12-01

Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, German painter (d. 1976)

1885-01-25

A J Else Mauhs, German/Dutch actress (Eline Vere, L'aiglon)

1885-01-27

Eduard Künneke, German composer (d. 1953)

1885-03-25

Veit Valentin, German/US historian (Deutsche Revolution)

1885-07-06

Ernst Busch, German field marshal (d. 1945)

1885-07-08

Emil Bloch, German philosopher

1885-08-17

Clara [G Meijer-]Wichmann, German anarchists/feminist (Wife & society)

1885-08-19

Werner Elert, German Lutheran theologian (d. 1954)

1885-09-10

Berthold Altaner, German church historian (Patrologie)

1885-09-16

Karen Horney, German/US, neo-freudian psychoanalyst

1885-10-10

Walter Anderson, German folklorist (d. 1962)

1885-11-08

Hans Cloos, German geologist (d. 1951)

1885-11-08

Emil Fahrenkamp, German architect (d. 1966)

1885-11-09

Hermann Weyl, German mathematician (d. 1955)

1885-11-09

Theodor Kaluza, German scientist (d. 1954)

1885-11-26

Heinrich Brüning, German politician (d. 1970)

1885-11-30

Albrecht (von) Kesselring, German fieldmarshal (Poland/Netherland)

1885-12-06

Albrecht Schaeffer, German writer (The General)

1886-01-25

Wilhelm Furtwängler, German conductor (d. 1954)

1886-02-02

Kurt Baschwitz, German/Dutch sociologist/journalist (Du und)

1886-02-14

Theodor Werner, German painter

1886-02-22

Hugo Ball, German playwright/co-founder Flametti

1886-02-28

Max Vasmer, German slavic (La Tertulia de Pombo)

1886-03-27

Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe, German/US architect (Bauhaus)

1886-04-14

Ernst R Curtius, German literature historian

1886-04-16

Ernst Thalmann, German communist presidential candidate

1886-04-28

Erich Salomon, German photographer

1886-07-23

Walter H. Schottky, German physicist (d. 1976)

1886-07-27

Ernst May, German architect (d. 1970)

1886-08-20

Paul Tillich, German/US theologist (Die sozial Entscheidung)

1886-11-13

Mary Wigman, German dancer and choreographer (d. 1973)

1886-12-21

Hermann A J Kees, German Egyptologist (Problems of Egyptology)

1887-01-01

Wilhelm Canaris, German admiral/head German military intelligence

1887-01-03

August Macke, German painter (d. 1914)

1887-02-02

Ernst Hanfstängl, German pianist and politician (d. 1975)

1887-02-06

Josef Frings, German Archbishop of Cologne (d. 1978)

1887-03-09

Fritz Lenz, German geneticist (d. 1976)

1887-03-21

Edwin Scharff, German "entartet" painter/sculptor

1887-04-10

Heinz Tiessen, Königsberg, German composer

1887-05-27

Erich Kuttner, German journalist/historian (Vorwarts)

1887-06-20

Kurt Schwitters, German/British dada-artist/poet (collages)

1887-06-23

Ernst Rowohlt, German publisher (Rowohlt-Verlag)

1887-07-22

Gustav Hertz, German quantum physicist (Nobel 1925)

1887-07-31

Hans Freyer, German sociologist (d. 1969)

1887-09-01

Otto Eissfeldt, German old testament scholar

1887-09-30

Lil Dagover [Marta-Maria Lillits], Madiun, Java, Dutch-born German actress (Spiders)

1887-10-05

Max Ackermann, German "entartet" painter

1887-11-10

Arnold Zweig, German antifascist/author (Erziehung vor Verdun)

1887-11-24

Erich von Manstein, German military commander (d. 1973)

1887-11-28

Ernst Rohm, German staff member/Bolivian leader/SA

1888-01-08

Richard Courant, German-American mathematician (d. 1972)

1888-01-23

Paul Peter Ewald, Berlin, German Crystallographer and Physicist who devised the theory of X-ray interference by crystals and pioneered X-ray diffraction methods, dies at 97

1888-01-24

Ernst Heinrich Heinkel, German inventor (1st rocket-powered aircraft)

1888-02-04

Paul Althaus, German theologist (The Christian Truth)

1888-02-17

Otto Stern, German/US physicist (Stern-Gerlach-experiment, Nobel 1943)

1888-03-05

Friedrich Schnack, German journalist/writer (Rosewood)

1888-03-19

Josef Albers, German/US graphic artist/painter/writer (Bauhaus)

1888-04-15

Maximilian Kronberger, German poet (d. 1904)

1888-06-10

Leo Weismantel, German writer (Der Reiter der Apocalypse)

1888-06-17

Heinz Guderian, German General (d. 1954)

1888-07-11

Carl Schmitt, German nazi-lawyer (Verfassungslehre)

1888-08-06

Heinrich Schlusnus, German baritone (d. 1952)

1888-08-09

Hans Oster, German major general/spy/July 20th plotter

1888-09-04

Oskar Schlemmer, German painter/sculptor

1888-09-23

Gerhard Kittel, German anti-semitic theologist (Die Oden Salomons)

1888-12-27

Thea von Harbou, German author and actress (d. 1954)

1889-02-08

Siegfried Kracauer, From Caligari to Hitler: German Cinema in the Age of the Masses

1889-04-19

Otto Georg Thierack, German jurist and politician (d. 1946)

1889-04-20

Adolf Hitler, Braunau, Austria, Austrian-born German dictator and Führer of Nazi Germany (1936-45)

1889-04-22

Richard Glücks, German SS officer and concentration camp administrator (d. 1945, by suicide)

1889-05-23

Ernst Niekisch, German politician (d. 1967)

1889-08-01

Walther Gerlach, Biebrich, German Physicist who, with Otto Stern, co-discovered spin quantization in a magnetic field (Stern—Gerlach effect)

1889-11-03

Heinrich Campendonk, German painter/wood carver/glazer

1889-12-30

Georg von der Vring, German painter/writer (Soldier Suhren)

1890-01-04

Alfred G Jodl, German Wehrmacht general/chief of staff

1890-01-09

Kurt Tucholsky, German journalist/writer (Panther Tiger & Co)

1890-01-31

Adolf Bach, German language/sociologist (Deutsche Namenkunde)

1890-03-08

Oswald von Nell-Breuning, German theologist/philosopher

1890-03-13

Fritz Busch, German conductor (d. 1951)

1890-05-26

Kurt Edzard, German sculptor (nudes/portraits)

1890-06-15

Georg Wüst, Posen, German Oceanographer who provided the first complete understanding of the temperature, salinity and deep-current structure of the Atlantic Ocean

1890-08-18

Walther Funk, German Nazi politician (d. 1960)

1890-09-23

Friedrich Paulus, German Generalfieldmarshal (Stalingrad). Dies 1957.

1890-10-05

Kasimir Edschmid, [Karl E Schmidt], German writer

1890-10-10

Dick Howard, The Good German

1890-10-21

Gerrit Engelke, German writer/poet (Love Letters)

1890-11-04

Klabund, [Alfred Henschke], German writer (Bracke, Borgia)

1890-12-06

Rudolf Schlichter, German artist and writer (d. 1955)

1891-01-17

Walter Eucken, German economist

1891-01-24

Walter Model, German field marshal

1891-02-05

Karl L Schmidt, German/Swiss theologist (Urchristentum)

1891-02-16

Hans F. K. Günther, German eugenicist (d. 1967)

1891-03-28

Peter Suhrkamp, German publisher (Suhrkamp Verlag)

1891-03-29

Alfred Neubauer, German racing team manager (Mercedes Benz) (d. 1980)

1891-05-18

Rudolf Carnap, philosopher (German Logical Positivist)

1891-05-19

Oswald Boelcke, German World War I pilot (d. 1916)

1891-07-29

Bernhard Zondek, German/Israeli gynaecologist

1891-08-08

Adolf Busch, German violinist (d. 1952)

1891-09-16

Stephanie von Hohenlohe, Austrian-born German spy (d. 1972)

1891-09-16

Karl Dönitz, German naval leader (d. 1980)

1891-10-12

Edith Stein, German philosopher

1891-10-31

Charlotte "Lotte" Bartschart, German/Dutch operetta singer

1891-11-15

Erwin Rommel, German Field Marshal (WW II-African campaign)

1891-12-10

leonie "Nelly" Sachs, German/Swedish poet (O the Chimneys-Nobel 1966), (d. 1970)

1892-01-14

Martin Niemöller, clergyman (German Protestant); imprisoned by Hitler

1892-01-18

Paul Rostock, German surgeon (d. 1956)

1892-02-08

Fritz Todt, German Reichs minister (Organization Todt)

1892-02-17

Theodor Plievier, German writer (Des Kaisers Kulis, Stalingrad)

1892-03-30

Erwin Panofsky, German/US art historian

1892-03-30

Erhard Milch, German field marshal (d. 1972)

1892-04-10

Egon Freiherr von Eickstedt, German anthropologist (Rassenkunde)

1892-04-15

Theo Osterkamp, World War I and World War II German fighter pilot (d. 1975)

1892-05-02

Manfred Freiherr von Richthofen [The Red Baron], Breslau, German World War I fighter ace

1892-05-31

Gregor Strasser, German pharmacist/NSDAP-Reich organization leader

1892-06-22

Robert Ritter von Greim, German field marshal (d. 1945)

1892-06-30

Oswald Pohl, German Nazi leader (d. 1951)

1892-07-15

Walter Benjamin, German literature critic/writer

1892-07-21

Anton Schnack, German writer/poet

1892-10-24

Kurt Huber, German philosopher/resistance fighter

1892-10-28

Ludwig Strauss, German/Israeli writer (Night Watch)

1892-12-05

Ferdinand Schörner, German field marshal (d. 1973)

1893-01-02

Lillian Leitzel, German acrobat and strongwoman (d. 1931)

1893-01-05

Friedrich Blume, German musicologist (Das Rassenproblem in der Musik)

1893-01-12

Alfred Rosenberg, German Nazi official (d. 1946)

1893-03-27

Karl Mannheim, Hung/German/British sociologist (Ideology & Utopia)

1893-05-24

W H Walter Baade, German/US astronomer (Andromeda)

1893-05-27

Hermann Dörnemann, German supercentarian (d. 2005)

1893-06-30

Walter Ulbricht, president German DR

1893-07-26

George Grosz, German painter (Gott mit uns)

1893-09-20

Hans H B Scharoun, German architect (Berlin Philharmonic)

1893-10-09

Heinrich George, (Schulz), German actor (Hitlerjunge Quex)

1893-10-17

Fritz Ascher, Berlin Germany, German Expressionist artist

1893-10-30

Willi Apel, German/US musicologist (Harvard dictionary of music)

1893-10-30

Roland Freisler, German Nazi politician (d. 1945)

1893-12-02

Julius Bissier, German painter

1893-12-17

Erwin Piscator, German stage director (Der Stellvertreter)

1894-02-08

Ludwig Marcuse, German philosopher

1894-03-09

Frank Arnau, German writer (d. 1976)

1894-09-27

Lothar von Richthofen German pilot (d. 1922)

1894-10-03

Walter Warlimont, German General WWII (d. 1976)

1894-10-27

Fritz Sauckel, German Nazi General of Labor

1894-11-02

Alexander Lippisch, German scientist (d. 1976)

1894-11-13

Artur Nebe, German SS officer {d. 1945)

1894-12-10

Earnest Haenchen, German new testament expert

1895-02-04

Hanns [Johann] Rauter, German SS-lt-general/SS police chief in Neth

1895-02-09

Hermann Brill, German politician (d. 1959)

1895-02-14

Max Horkheimer, German philosopher/sociologist (Studies in prejudice)

1895-03-05

Fritz Usinger, German writer (Eternal Struggle)

1895-03-20

Fredric Wertham, German-born psychologist (d. 1981)

1895-03-25

Siegfried Handloser, German physician (d. 1954)

1895-03-29

Ernst Jünger, German author (d. 1998)

1895-05-03

Earnest Kantorowicz, German/US historian (Laudes regiae)

1895-10-03

Kurt Schumacher, co-founder/president West German SDP [OS]

1895-10-04

Richard Sorge, German spy for USSR in Tokyo (WW II)

1895-10-10

Wolfram von Richthofen, German field marshal (d. 1945)

1895-10-13

Kurt Schumacher, German politicial chairman (SPD) [NS]

1895-10-15

Alfred Neumann, German playwright (Devil)

1895-10-30

Gerhard Domagk, German bacteriologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (declined) (d. 1964)

1895-11-05

Walter Gieseking, German pianist/composer

1895-11-08

Hermann Schey, German/Neth singer

1895-11-16

Paul Hindemith, German composer (d. 1963)

1896-02-04

Friedrich Hund, German physicist (d. 1997)

1896-03-01

Moriz Seeler, German writer and producer (d. 1942)

1896-05-01

Herbert Backe, German Nazi politician (d. 1947)

1896-05-03

Karl Allmenroder, German World War I Ace (d. 1917)

1896-05-23

Felix Martin Julius Steiner, German Heer and Waffen-SS officer (d. 1966)

1896-07-16

Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer, German eugenicist and Nazi physician (d. 1969)

1896-07-24

Hermann Kasack, German writer (Die Stadt hinter dem Strom)

1896-08-09

Erich Hückel, German physicist (d. 1980)

1896-10-02

Fritz Eberhard, [Hellmut Rauschenplat], W-German lawyer/resistor (Law)

1896-12-27

Carl Zuckmayer, German/Swiss/US playwright

1897-01-05

Theo Mackeben, German pianist/composer (Lady Fanny, Bel Ami)

1897-01-09

Karl Löwith, German philosopher (d. 1973)

1897-01-11

August Heissmeyer, German SS officer (d. 1979)

1897-01-14

Hasso von Manteuffel, German general and politician (d. 1978)

1897-03-27

Carlo Mierendorff, German politician/anti-fascist

1897-03-28

Sepp Herberger, German football coach (d. 1977)

1897-04-07

Erich Loewenhardt, German flying ace of World War I (d. 1918)

1897-04-08

Herbert Eimert, German composer/musicologist (Glockenspiel)

1897-04-11

Caspar Neher, German set designer/librettist

1897-04-13

Werner Voss, German World War I pilot (d. 1917)

1897-05-06

Paul Alverdes, German writer (Pfeiferstube)

1897-06-16

Georg Wittig, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1987)

1897-06-20

Elisabeth Hauptmann, German writer (d. 1973)

1897-06-23

Winifred Wagner-William, German organizer (Wagner Festival)

1897-07-10

Karl Plagge, German officer (d. 1957)

1897-07-24

Karl von Mechow, German writer (Auf Dem Wege, Vorsommer)

1897-08-02

Karl Otto Koch, German SS-officer (d. 1945)

1897-08-07

Franz J Weinrich, [Heinrich Lerse], German writer (Himmlisches)

1897-08-12

Otto (von) Struve, German/US dir (Yerkes/MacDonald observatory)

1897-09-10

Hilde Hildebrand, German actress (d. 1976)

1897-11-22

Paul Oswald Ahnert, German astronomer (d. 1989)

1898-01-25

Joachim Wach, German/US philosopher/sociologist (Understanding)

1898-02-23

Reinhard Herbig, German archaeologist

1898-02-24

Kurt Tank, German WW II aircraft designer

1898-04-23

Edwin E Dwinger, German writer (General Vlassov)

1898-06-17

Carl Hermann, German physicist (d. 1961)

1898-06-22

Erich Maria Remarque, German novelist (All Quiet on the Western Front)

1898-06-26

Willy Messerschmitt, German aircraft designer

1898-07-06

Hanns Eisler, German/US composer/German DR-minister for propaganda

1898-07-13

Martin David, German/Neth law historian

1898-08-25

Helmut Hasse, German mathematician (d. 1975)

1898-09-14

Ernest Nash, German-born archaeologist (d. 1974)

1898-09-30

Felix Kersten, Baltic-German/Finnish masseuse (Heinrich Himmler)

1898-11-19

Arthur R. von Hippel, German-born physicist (d. 2003)

1898-11-26

Karl Ziegler, Helsa, German Empire, chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (polymers), (d. 1973)

1899-01-14

Fritz Bayerlein, German lt-general (WW I, Poland, Libya, St-Lo)

1899-01-22

Guido Kisch, Czech/German/US historian (Jews in medieval Germany)

1899-02-23

Erich Kästner, German writer (d. 1974)

1899-02-25

Leo J Weisgerber, German linguist

1899-03-10

Robert Meier, German WW1 veteran, formerly Germany's oldest man. (d. 2007)

1899-03-23

Dora Gerson, German actress and singer (d. 1943)

1899-08-12

Alfred Kantorowicz, German historian (Spanish Diary)

1899-08-20

Hanns Lilje, German Lutherian bishop/antifascist (Church und Welt)

1899-08-24

Ruth Schaumann, German painter/writer (Rose, Black King)

1899-09-20

Leo Strauss, German-born philosopher (d. 1973)

1899-11-26

Bruno Hauptmann, German kidnapper of Charles Augustus Lindbergh III (d. 1936)

1900-01-26

Karl Ristenpart, German conductor (d. 1967)

1900-01-28

Hermann Kesten, German writer (Allert de Lange)

1900-02-11

Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher

1900-02-28

Wolfram Hirth, German pilot (d. 1959)

1900-04-02

Heinrich Besseler, German musicologist

1900-05-05

Hans Schmidt-Isserstedt, German composer/conductor (Hassan gewinnt)

1900-05-12

Helene Weigel, Austria/German actress (Metropolis, Mutter Courage)

1900-05-14

Edgar Wind, German art historian (d. 1971)

1900-05-23

Hans Frank, German Nazi war criminal (d. 1946)

1900-06-15

Gotthard Günther, German philosopher (d. 1984)

1900-06-24

Wilhelm Cauer, German mathematician (d. 1945)

1900-07-19

Arno Breker, German sculptor (3rd Reich sculptor

1900-08-26

Hellmuth Walter, German engineer and inventor (d. 1980)

1900-08-29

Oscar Nitzchke, German architect (Alcoa building/Centre Pompidou)

1900-10-19

Erna Berger, German soprano (d. 1990)

1900-11-19

Anna Seghers, [Netty Radvanyi-Reiling], German author (7th Cross)

1900-12-21

Oda Schaefer, German author/poet (Die Windharfe, Ladies Only)

1900-12-27

Hans Stuck, German race car driver (d. 1978)

1901-01-27

Willy Fritsch, German actor (Spies, Women in the Moon)

1901-02-23

Edgar Ende, German painter (d. 1965)

1901-03-21

Karl Arnold, German politician (d. 1958)

1901-03-27

Erich Ollenhauer, German politician (SPD)

1901-05-14

Robert Ritter, German psychologist (d. 1951)

1901-09-12

Ernst Pepping, German composer

1901-10-05

Willy Lages, German chief of Sicherheitsdienst in Amsterdam

1901-10-15

Bernard von Brentano, German writer (Big Cats)

1901-10-21

Gerhard von Rad, German old testament scholar (Deuteronomium)

1901-11-17

Walter Hallstein, West German politician (CDU) (Hallstein doctrine)

1901-12-05

Werner Heisenberg, German physicist/discovered uncertainty (Nobel 32)

1901-12-10

F Fischer, German war criminal (Breda 4)

1902-01-08

Gret Palucca, German dancer/choreography (Silent Song)

1902-01-19

Heinrich Schmist-Barrien, German author (Moorkeerl)

1902-01-24

Oskar Morgenstern, German/US economist

1902-02-09

Gertrud Scholtz-Klink, German women's leader (d. 1999)

1902-02-18

Walter Herbert, German-born conductor and impresario (d. 1975)

1902-02-22

Hanns Neupert, German piano builder/author (Das Klavichord)

1902-02-25

Max Kommerell, German literary/author (Die Gefangenen)

1902-02-26

Rudolf Moralt, German conductor (Vienna Philharmonic)

1902-03-07

Heinz Ruehmann, German actor/director (Der Hauptmann von Köpenick)

1902-04-02

Jan Tschichold, German typographer (d. 1974)

1902-04-25

Werner Heyde, German psychiatrist (d. 1964)

1902-05-06

Max Ophüls, German-born director (d. 1957)

1902-05-12

Heinrich Kirchner, German sculptor

1902-06-23

Mathias Wieman, German actor (d. 1969)

1902-07-09

Gerhard Pohl, German writer (Crazy Ferdinand)

1902-07-10

Kurt Alder, German chemist (Nobel 1950)

1902-08-03

Regina Jonas, German first woman rabbi (d. 1944)

1902-08-10

Curt Siodmak, German-born author (d. 2000)

1902-09-25

Ernst von Salomon, German writer (Kette Der Tausend Kraniche)

1902-10-18

Pascual Jordan, German physicist (d. 1980)

1902-11-01

Eugen Jochum, Babenhausen Bavaria, German conductor (Hamburg Orch)

1902-11-20

Wolfgang Kunkel, German law historian

1903-01-06

Boris Blacher, Newchwang China, German composer (Orchester-Ornament)

1903-01-18

Berthold Goldschmidt, German/British (opera)composer (Beatrice Cenci)

1903-02-10

Waldemar Hoven, German physician (d. 1948)

1903-02-27

Grethe Weiser, German actress (d. 1970)

1903-03-24

Adolph F J Butenandt, German bio-chemist (Nobel 1939)

1903-04-30

Gunther AR Raphael, German composer (Symphony Breve)

1903-05-15

Maria Reiche, German-born mathematician and archaeologist (d. 1998)

1903-06-10

Theo Lingen, German director/actor (M, Charm of La Boheme) [or Jun 19]

1903-06-19

Hans Litten, German jurist (d. 1938)

1903-09-11

Theodor Adorno, German philosopher/sociologist

1903-11-19

Fritz Schmidt, German street photographer

1904-02-17

Hans Morgenthau, German political philosopher (d. 1980)

1904-03-05

Karl Rahner, German theologian (d. 1984)

1904-03-07

Reinhard Heydrich, German governor (Bohemen/Moravia (Lidice))

1904-04-06

Kurt G Kiesinger, German chancellor (Wherever They May Be)

1904-06-20

Heinrich von Brentano di Tremezzo, German Foreign Minister

1904-06-24

Kurt Kusenberg, German writer (Wein Auf Lebenszeit)

1904-07-15

Rudolf Arnheim, German-born author (d. 2007)

1904-08-29

Werner Forssman, German urologist (Nobel 1956)

1904-09-21

Hans Hartung, German/French painter

1904-11-29

Egon Eiermann, German architect (d. 1970)

1905-01-08

Carl Gustav Hempel, German Logical Positivist philosopher

1905-01-21

Karl Wallenda, German acrobat (d. 1978)

1905-03-16

Elisabeth Flickenschildt, German actress (d. 1977)

1905-03-19

Albert Speer, German architect/minister of Armament (NSDAP)

1905-03-23

Lale Andersen, German singer and cabaretist (d. 1972)

1905-04-01

Winfried P I Zillig, German opera composer/conductor (Fantasia Irica)

1905-06-03

Martin Gottfried Weiss, German, commandant of Dachau concentration camp (d. 1946, by execution)

1905-07-23

Erich Itor Kahn, Rimbach, Odenwald, German composer of Jewish descent

1905-08-20

Jean Gebser, German-born author, linguist, and poet (d. 1973)

1905-09-28

Max Schmeling, Klein Luckow, Province of Pomerania, German world heavyweight boxing champ (1930-32)

1905-11-04

Martin Raschke, German author/publisher/war correspondent

1905-11-09

Erika Mann, German/US author (Other Germany)/daughter of Thomas Mann

1905-12-11

Eugen Fink, German philosopher

1906-02-04

Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German theologist (Confessing Church)

1906-05-30

Bruno Gröning, German faith healer (d. 1959)

1906-06-06

Max Zorn, German mathematician (lemma of Zorn)

1906-06-19

Ernst Boris Chain, German-born biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1979)

1906-06-19

Walter Rauff, German colonel (d. 1984)

1906-06-26

Stefan Andres, German writer (Wir sind Utopia)

1906-07-11

Herbert Wehner, German communist/anti-communist politician (SPD)

1906-07-15

Rudolf "Rudi" Uhlenhaut, German automotive engineer and test driver (Mercedes Benz) (d. 1989)

1906-07-23

Wolfgang Gentner, German nuclear physicist

1906-08-25

Eugen Gerstenmaier, German politician (CDU)

1906-09-01

Franz Biebl, German composer (d. 2001)

1906-10-30

Alexander Gode, German-American linguist (d. 1970)

1906-11-10

Josef Kramer, German concentration camp commandant (d. 1945)

1906-11-18

Klaus Mann, German/US author (Mephisto)/son of Thomas Mann

1906-11-24

Eduard Ludwig, German architect (Air Bridge monument Berlin)

1906-12-24

Franz Waxman, German film composer (d. 1967)

1906-12-30

Johan A earl von Kielmansegg, German general/commandant NATO-Europe

1907-03-11

Helmuth J von Moltke, German politician (July 20th plot)

1907-03-30

Friedrich August Freiherr von der Heydte, German Luftwaffe Officer (d. 1994)

1907-05-09

Baldur von Schirach, German writer/nazi politician (Frame)

1907-05-11

Rose Ausländer, German poet (d. 1988)

1907-05-14

Hans von der Groeben, German diplomat (d. 2005)

1907-05-30

Elly Beinhorn, German pilot (d. 2007)

1907-10-27

Helmut Walcha, German organist (church music)

1907-11-08

Otto Brenner, German worker's union leader

1907-11-15

Count Claus Schenck von Stauffenberg, German anti fascist colonel

1907-12-27

Sebastian Haffner, German journalist and writer (d. 1999)

1908-01-16

Günther Prien, German World War II submarine captain (d. 1941)

1908-03-02

Walter Bruch, German engineer (d. 1990)

1908-03-17

Brigitte Helm, German actress (d. 1996)

1908-04-18

Joseph Keilberth, German conductor (Bayreuther Festspiele)

1908-05-05

Kurt Böhme, German bass (d. 1989)

1908-06-10

Ernst B Chain, German chemist/bacteriologist (penicillin, Nobel 1945)

1908-07-01

Peter Anders, German opera singer

1908-08-27

Kurt Wegner, German artist (d. 1985)

1908-09-15

Gerd Gaiser, German writer (Ship in the Mountain)

1908-09-17

Franz J A Grothe, German composer

1908-09-20

Alexander Mitscherlich, German psychotherapist

1908-09-30

Edzard H Schaper, German/Swiss sailor/UP-correspondent/antifascist

1908-10-22

Helmut Gollwitzer, German theologist/antifascist

1908-11-12

Hans Werner Richter, German author (Socially Responsible Cinema)

1909-01-08

Willy Millowitsch, German actor (d. 1999)

1909-01-15

Jean Bugatti, German-born automobile designer (d. 1939)

1909-01-19

Hans Hotter, German bass-baritone (d. 2003)

1909-03-27

Golo Mann, [Gottfried], German/US historian (Antisemitism)

1909-04-06

Hermann Lang, German race car driver (d. 1987)

1909-05-25

Alfred Kubel, German politician (d. 1999)

1909-07-02

Hermann Bengtson, German historian (Greeks Ancient Times)

1909-07-12

Fritz Leonhardt, German civil engineer (d. 1999)

1909-08-09

Adam von Trott zu Solz, German diplomat (d. 1944)

1909-09-04

Eduard Wirths, Geroldshausen, German Empire, Nazi physician (Auschwitz), (d. 1945)

1909-09-17

Elizabeth Wilkinson, professor German University College London

1909-10-14

Bernd Rosemeyer, German auto racer (Indy 500)

1910-01-20

Lauritz Lauritzen, German politician

1910-02-05

Martha van Och-Scholl, German/Dutch resistance fighter (WW II)

1910-02-06

Irmgard Keun, German author (d. 1982)

1910-03-11

Robert H G Havemann, German chemist

1910-03-23

Lale [Liselotte H] Anderson, German singer/actress (Der Pott)

1910-04-02

Joeri German, Russian writer

1910-04-04

Yuri German, Verte mne, lyudi

1910-04-12

Jorgen Rausch, German philosopher/author (End of the Playboys)

1910-05-30

Inge Meysel, German actress (d. 2004)

1910-07-02

Hans Gunther Adler, German writer

1910-09-16

Karl Kling, German race car driver (d. 2003)

1910-12-23

Kurt Meyer, German SS officer (d. 1961)

1911-01-29

Peter von Siemens, German industrialist (d. 1986)

1911-03-16

Dr. Josef Mengele, German, accused Nazi war criminal (d. 1979)

1911-03-29

Brigitte Horney, German actress (d. 1988)

1911-03-31

Elisabeth Grümmer, German soprano (d. 1986)

1911-04-24

Karl O Schiller, German economist (Minister of Economics)

1911-08-24

Karl AF Schiller, West German economist/SPD-minister

1911-11-29

Klaus E J Fuchs, Rüsselsheim Germany, German/British atomic physicist/spy

1911-12-14

Hans von Ohain, German/American aerospace engineer (d. 1998)

1912-01-07

Günter Wand, German conductor, composer (d. 2002)

1912-02-02

Stefan Schnabel, German actor (Anna, Dracula's Widow, Firefox)

1912-02-14

Juan Pujol Garcia, [Garbo/Arabel], Spanish British/German double agent

1912-02-17

Horst Birr, D III 88: The New German Air Force Attacks

1912-02-28

Helmut Coing, German lawyer/director (Max-Planck-institute)

1912-03-29

Hanna Reitsch, German test pilot (d. 1979)

1912-05-01

Otto Kretschmer, German U-Boat commander (d. 1998)

1912-05-02

Axel Springer, German newspaper magnate

1912-05-18

Georg von Opel, German auto manufacturer

1912-06-05

Josef Neckermann, German FR, equestrian dressage (Olympic-gold-1968)

1912-06-06

German Khovanov, Kamyshi

1912-06-30

Ludwig Bölkow, German aeronautical engineer (d. 2003)

1912-08-11

Eva Ahnert-Rohlfs, German astronomer (d. 1954)

1912-08-29

Emil Schumacher, German painter (Tangible Objects)

1912-09-05

Kristina Söderbaum, German actress and photographer (d. 2001)

1912-09-18

Kurt Lotz, German business executive, second postwar CEO of Volkswagen (d. 2005)

1912-10-14

Helmut Schelsky, German sociologist (Sociology of Sex)

1912-11-20

Otto von Habsburg, Austrian-German nobleman, head of the Habsburg house

1913-01-15

Alexander Marinesko, captain of the S-13 submarine, which sank the German ship Wilhelm Gustloff (d. 1963)

1913-01-29

Peter von Zahn, German journalist and writer (d. 2001)

1913-03-18

Reinhard Hardegen, German U-Boat commander

1913-04-10

Stefan Heym, German/US author (Crusaders, Family Benda)

1913-04-21

Kai-Uwe von Hassel, German politician

1913-05-27

Wolfgang Schulze, [Wols], German cartoonist/painter

1913-06-02

Walter Andreas Schwarz, German singer and author (d. 1992)

1913-06-28

Walter Oesau, German pilot (d. 1944)

1913-07-14

Fritz Erler, German politician (SDP)

1913-09-15

Hans Filbinger, German politician (CDU)

1913-09-26

Ernst Schnabel, German sailor/dramatist (Anne Frank)

1913-10-02

Karl Miller, German footballer (d. 1967)

1913-10-22

Tamara Desni, German-born British actress (d. 2008)

1913-11-11

German Leont'yevich Zhukovsky, composer

1913-11-13

German Zhukovsky, Sudba Mariny

1913-12-18

Willy Brandt, [Herbert Frahm], German chancellor (1969-74, Nobel 1971)

1914-02-04

Alfred Andersch, German writer (Red Head)

1914-04-22

Michael Wittman, German soldier and tank ace (d. 1944)

1914-07-09

Willi Stoph, president German DR

1914-08-12

Gerd Buchdahl, German philosopher (d. 2001)

1914-09-04

Rudolf Leiding, German auto executive, third postwar chairman of Volkswagen (d. 2003)

1914-12-05

Hans Hellmut Kirst, German author (d. 1989)

1914-12-14

Karl Carstens, German (CDU)/pres Germany (1979-84)

1914-12-26

Annemarie Wendl, German actress (d. 2006)

1915-01-20

C W Ceram, [Kurt W Marek], German/US writer (March of Archaeology)

1915-01-30

Joachim Peiper, German SS officer (d. 1976, by assassination)

1915-02-23

Heinrich Schirmbeck, German author (Das Spiegellabyrinth)

1915-03-17

Hans Namuth, German/US photographer (Todos Santos, Guatemala)

1915-05-29

Karl Münchinger, German conductor (d. 1990)

1915-09-04

Rudolf Schock, German opera/operette singer

1915-12-13

Curd Jürgens, German-born Austrian actor (d. 1982)

1916-02-25

Reinhard Bendix, German sociologist (d. 1991)

1916-07-02

Hans-Ulrich Rudel, Combat pilot and highest-decorated German soldier of WWII (d. 1982)

1916-08-20

Paul Felix Schmidt, Estonian-German chess player (d. 1984)

1916-12-09

Wolfgang Hildesheimer, German/Swiss architect/writer (Mozart biog)

1916-12-27

Werner Baumbach, German bomber pilot (d. 1953)

1917-01-02

Vera Zorina, German dancer (d. 2003)

1917-01-05

Wieland Wagner, German opera director

1917-04-16

Charlotte Salomon, Berlin Germany, German-Jewish artist

1917-05-21

Rudolf Klicks, The Riders of German East Africa

1917-06-02

Heinz Sielmann, German photographer and filmmaker (d. 2006)

1917-09-06

Philipp von Boeselager, German Wehrmacht officer, failed assassin of Adolf Hitler (d. 2008)

1917-09-09

Rolf Wenkhaus, German actor (d. 1942)

1917-11-27

Tiny Rowland, [Roland Fuhrop], German/British owner (Observer)

1918-01-02

Willi Graf, German anti-Nazi activist (d. 1943)

1918-02-06

Lothar-Günther Buchheim, German author (d. 2007)

1918-03-03

Fritz Thiedemann, German equestrian (d. 2000)

1918-03-10

Günther Rall, German ace fighter pilot

1918-03-20

Bernd-Alois Zimmermann, German composer (Soldiers)

1918-06-13

Helmut Lent, German night fighter pilot (d. 1944)

1918-09-10

Rin Tin Tin, German shepherd dog (d. 1932)

1918-09-22

Hans Scholl, German resistance fighter (Die Weisse Rose)

1918-10-20

Robert Lochner, German journalist (d. 2003)

1918-11-08

Hermann Zapf, German designer

1918-11-10

Ernst Fischer, German chemist (Nobel 1973)

1919-07-01

Hans Bender, German poet

1919-07-08

Walter Scheel, German Foreign minister/president

1919-11-14

Lisa Otto, German soprano

1919-12-13

Hans-Joachim Marseille, German flying ace of World War II (d. 1942)

1920-01-27

Helmut Zacharias, German violinist (d. 2002)

1920-04-21

Edmund Adamkiewicz, German footballer (d. 1991)

1920-06-05

Kurt Edelhagen, West German jazz pianist (Klimbim)

1920-10-07

Georg Leber, German politician (SPD), (d. 2012)

1920-10-31

Helmut Newton, German photographer (d. 2004)

1920-10-31

Fritz Walter, German footballer (d. 2002)

1920-11-23

Paul Celan, [Antschell], German/Romanian poet (Collected Prose)

1920-12-18

Rita Streich, German singer

1921-01-14

Charles Gaupp, German/Dutch painter

1921-05-11

Hildegard Hamm-Brücher, German politician

1921-05-28

Heinz G. Konsalik, German author (d. 1999)

1921-06-10

Wanda Ottoni, German George

1921-07-07

Adolf von Thadden, German politician (d. 1996)

1921-09-08

Hans Ulrich Engelmann, German composer (Ophelia)

1921-11-24

German Orlov, Marigolds in Flower

1922-03-18

Egon Bahr, German journalist/politician

1922-03-30

German Germanovich Galinin, composer

1922-04-11

Geoffrey Perry, Churchill's German Army

1922-04-19

Erich Hartmann, German WW II pilot (downed 352 Russian aircrafts)

1922-10-02

Wolfhart U Pannenberg, German theologist (Gingham Girl)

1922-10-28

Gershon Kingsley, German composer

1922-12-08

Lucian Freud, Berlin German, artist (Boy With a Rat)

1923-01-08

Joseph Weizenbaum, German-American author and computer scientist (d. 2008)

1923-01-19

Markus Wolf, German spy (d. 2006)

1923-03-11

Morschi Mirando, [Thomas Weiss], German/Dutch gypsy artist

1923-03-26

Gert Bastian, German politician (d. 1992)

1923-05-26

Horst Tapper, German director/actor (Derrick)

1923-10-22

Bert Trautmann, German footballer, (d. 2013)

1923-11-12

Vicco von Bülow, German film director

1924-03-15

Walter Gotell, German actor (d. 1997)

1924-04-08

Frédéric Back, German-born Canadian short film director and screenwriter

1924-05-05

Theo Olof, German/Neth violinist/prodigy/concert master

1924-05-15

Maria Koepcke, German ornithologist (d. 1971)

1924-06-20

Rainer Barzel, German leader (CDU-CSU)/minister

1924-06-20

Fritz Koenig, Koenig's Sphere: The German Sculptor Fritz Koenig at Ground Zero

1924-10-15

Marguerite Andersen, German writer

1924-10-30

Hannelore Weygrand, German FR, equestrian dressage (Oly-silver-1956)

1925-01-08

Helmuth Hubener, German activist (d. 1942)

1925-02-09

Burkhard Heim, German physicist (d. 2001)

1925-02-17

Fritz Behrendt, German/Dutch cartoon character (The Slogan)

1925-02-20

Heinz Kluncker, German trade union leader

1925-05-04

Peter Blum, German/South African/English poet (Capricorn)

1925-11-03

Dieter Wellershoff, German author (Minotaur)

1925-12-25

Ossi Reichert, German FR, giant slalom (Olympic-gold-1956)

1926-03-17

Siegfried Lenz, German writer (Ein Kriegsende)

1926-04-08

Jürgen Moltmann, German theologian

1926-04-26

Michael Mathias Prechtl, German illustrator (d. 2003)

1926-07-01

Carl Hahn, German automotive executive

1926-09-07

Erich Juskowiak, German footballer (d. 1983)

1926-12-03

Hans Otte, German composer/pianist (The Book of Sounds, Book of Hours)

1926-12-20

Otto Graf Lambsdorff, German politician

1927-02-02

Friedrich K Flick, German industrialist

1927-02-10

Jakov Lind, German/British author (Counting My Footsteps)

1927-03-10

Paul Wunderlich, German lithographer/painter/sculptor

1927-03-21

Hans-Dietrich Genscher, German minister of Foreign affairs (FDP)

1927-05-07

Ruth Prawer Jhabvala, German screenwriter, (d. 2013)

1927-05-09

Manfred Eigen, German physicist/chemist (Nobel 1967)

1927-06-17

Martin Böttcher, German conductor

1927-07-18

Kurt Masur, German actor (Hotel Deutschland)

1927-08-27

Liselott Linsenhoff, German FR, equestrian (Olympic-gold-1972)

1927-10-16

Günter Grass, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate

1927-10-18

Hans Schäfer, German Fried Movie

1928-01-27

Hans Modrow, a German politician, premier of East Germany

1928-03-03

Gudrun Pausewang, Eastern Bohemia, German writer

1928-03-21

Peter Hacks, German playwright (Tie Windloch)

1928-03-28

Alexander Grothendieck, German mathematician

1928-04-12

Hardy Krüger, German actor

1928-05-04

Wolfgang von Trips, German racing driver (d. 1961)

1928-08-22

Karlheinz Stockhausen, Modrath, German composer

1928-10-02

Wolfhart Pannenberg, German theologian

1928-10-27

Stefan Wewerka, German architect/sculptor

1929-01-31

Rudolf Mössbauer, German physicist, Nobel laureate

1929-03-18

Christa Wolf, German novelist (Divided Heaven)

1929-06-18

Jorgen Habermans, German sociologist (Frankfurter Schule)

1929-07-11

Hermann Prey, German baritone (d. 1998)

1929-08-03

Peter Adam, Signs of Vigorous Life: The New German Cinema

1929-08-06

Anneliese Kuppers, German FR, equestrian dressage (Oly-silver-1956)

1929-08-16

Helmut Rahn, German footballer (d. 2003)

1929-09-08

Christoph von Dohnanyi, German conductor

1929-11-16

Renate Rubinstein, [Tamar], German/Ned's author/columnist (Tamar)

1929-12-03

Werner Rackwitz, German musicologist (Handel-Renaissance)

1929-12-06

Nikolaus Harnoncourt, German conductor

1929-9-08

German Lavrov, Triumph Over Violence

1930-02-23

Harry Boldt, German Fed Rep, equestrian dressage (Olympic-gold-1976)

1930-03-03

Heiner Geißler, German politician

1930-03-14

Dieter Schnebel, German vicar/composer

1930-05-07

Horst Bienek, German poet

1930-05-23

Friedrich Achleitner, German poet

1930-06-08

Robert Aumann, German-born Israeli mathematician; Nobel laureate

1930-10-05

Reinhard Selten, German economist, Nobel laureate

1930-10-11

Harry Glass, German DR, 1st E German Olympic medalist (bronze-1956)

1930-11-26

Berthold Leibinger, German Entrepreneur and Philanthropist

1930-12-01

Joachim Hoffmann, German historian (d. 2002)

1930-12-17

Armin Mueller-Stahl, German actor

1931-01-16

Johannes Rau, German politician (d. 2006)

1931-04-01

Rolf Hochhuth, German playwright (Deputy)

1931-04-29

Frank Auerbach, German-born British painter

1931-09-11

Hans-Ulrich Wehler, German historian

1931-12-03

Franz Josef Degenhardt, German author

1931-12-24

Mauricio Kagel, Argentina/German composer

1932-02-09

Gerhard Richter, German painter

1932-07-20

Otto Schily, German politician

1933-05-14

Michael Chevalier, German voice actor

1933-05-29

Helmuth Rilling, German conductor

1933-09-10

Karl Lagerfeld, Hamburg Germany, German fashion designer (Chanel)

1933-10-19

Wilfried Dietrich, German FR, super-heavyweight (Olympic-gold-1960)

1934-04-05

Roman Herzog, German politician

1934-06-09

Helga Haase, German FR, 500m speed skater (Olympic-gold-1960)

1934-06-28

Bette Greene, Summer of My German Soldier

1934-07-20

Uwe Johnson, German writer

1934-09-02

Hilla Becher (née Wobeser), Potsdam Germany, German artist, worked collaboratively with Bernd Becher her husband

1934-09-07

Mary Bauermeister, German artist

1934-09-24

Manfred Worner, German general/sect-gen (NATO, 1988-94)

1934-10-07

Ulrike Meinhof, German Red Army member

1934-10-26

Hans-Joachim Rödelius, German composer and musician (Cluster, Harmonia)

1935-02-10

Conrad Klapheck, German painter (typewriters)

1935-03-12

Helga Pilarczyk, German soprano (Salome, Lulu)

1935-03-30

Karl Berger, German musicologist and musician

1935-04-16

Sarah Kirsch, German poet

1935-07-05

Edward McInnes, German scholar

1935-07-21

Norbert Blüm, German politician

1935-11-18

Rudolf Bahro, German dissident (d. 1997)

1935-9-11

German Titov, Sputnik

1936-01-11

Eve Hesse, Hamburg Germany, German born Jewish-American sculptor.

1936-01-14

Reiner Klimke, German FR, equestrian dressage (Olympic-gold-1984)

1936-02-14

Anna German, Landscape After Battle

1936-05-16

Karl Lehmann, German Catholic cardinal

1936-05-23

Ingeborg Hallstein, German opera singer

1936-10-05

Annerose Schmidt, East German pianist

1936-10-10

Gerhard Ertl, German surface chemist, Nobel laureate, 2007.

1936-10-28

Horst Antes, German painter

1936-11-22

Joachim Bißmeier, German actor

1937-02-13

Sigmund Jaehn, German DR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 31/29)

1937-03-18

Rudi Altig, German cyclist

1937-03-22

Armin Hary, German athlete

1937-04-17

Ferdinand Piëch, Austrian-German automotive engineer and executive

1937-06-09

Harald Rosenthal, German biologist

1937-08-20

George Thoma, German FR, cross country ski jumper (Olympic-gold-1960)

1937-11-20

René Kollo, German tenor

1938-03-24

Holger Czukay, German musician (Can)

1938-04-11

Kurt Moll, German bass

1938-04-29

Klaus Voormann, German musician, artist, and record producer

1938-06-05

Karin Balzer, German DR, hurdler (Olympic-gold-1968)

1938-07-20

Aleksey German, Hard to Be a God

1938-07-23

Götz George, German actor

1938-08-02

Brunhilde Hendrix, German FR, relay runner (Olympic-silver-1960)

1938-08-09

Otto Rehhagel, German football manager

1938-11-29

German Kachin, Poslednyaya nevesta Zmeya Gorynycha

1939-02-13

Beate Klarsfeld, German Nazi hunter

1939-05-13

Hildrun Claus, German athlete

1939-09-08

Carsten Keller, German field hockey player

1939-09-29

Eberhard Koellner, German DR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 31 backup)

1940-01-04

Helmut Jahn, German architect

1940-01-22

Tilo Medek, German composer

1940-02-23

German Poloskov, Akvanavty

1940-03-07

Rudi [Rudolf] Dutschke, German student leader (Glasnost Berlin)

1940-04-17

Anja Silja, German soprano

1940-05-03

Konrad "Conny" Plank, German record producer and musician

1940-06-20

Eugen Drewermann, German theologian

1940-07-18

German Kolushkin, Vzryvniki

1940-07-27

Pina Bausch, German dancer

1940-08-15

Gudrun Ensslin, German terrorist

1940-11-12

Jürgen Todenhöfer, German politician

1940-12-31

Mani Neumeier, German musician (Guru Guru)

1941-01-13

Meinhard Nehmer, German DR, 2 man bobsledder (Olympic-gold-1976)

1941-01-27

German Yushko, Mersedes ukhodit ot pogoni

1941-02-01

Karl Dall, German television host

1941-02-13

Sigmar Polke, German painter

1941-02-17

Heidi Biebi, German Fed Rep, downhill skier (Olympic-gold-1960)

1941-03-20

Elizabeth Bell, The German Woman

1941-05-22

Martha Langbein, German athlete

1941-06-20

Ulf D Merbold, German physicist/astronaut (STS 9, 42, Soyuz TM-19)

1941-06-29

Margritta Gummel, German DR, shot putter (Olympic-gold-1968)

1941-07-20

Kurt Raab, German actor (d. 1988)

1941-09-28

Edmund Stoiber, German politician

1941-11-13

Eberhard Diepgen, German politician

1942-01-17

Ulf Hoelscher, German violinist

1942-03-22

Bernd Herzsprung, German actor

1942-03-28

Conrad Schumann, East German border guard (d. 1998)

1942-04-18

Jochen Rindt, German race car driver

1942-05-14

Rüdiger Vogler, German actor

1942-06-12

Bert Sakmann, German physiologist, Nobel laureate

1942-07-05

Johannes Löhr, German footballer and trainer

1942-08-20

Hans-Joachim Klein, German FR, 100m swimmer (Olympic-bronze-1964)

1942-09-26

Ingrid Mickler-Becker, German FR, long jumper/relayer (Oly-gold-72)

1942-11-21

Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul, German politician

1942-12-03

Alice Schwarzer, German journalist

1942-12-21

Reinhard Mey, German singer

1943-03-01

Wolfgang Scheidel, German DR, luge (Olympic-gold-1972)

1943-03-21

Hartmut Haenchen, German conductor

1943-03-24

Marika Kilius, German FR, ice skating pair (Olympic-silver-1960, 64)

1943-05-06

Andreas Baader, leader of the German organization Red Army Faction (d. 1977)

1943-05-22

Gesine Schwan, German politician and science professor

1943-06-28

Klaus von Klitzing, German physicist, Nobel laureate

1943-07-04

Konrad "Conny" Bauer, German musician

1943-09-07

Lena Valaitis, Lithuanian-German Schlager singer

1943-09-30

Johann Deisenhofer, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate

1943-10-04

German Moreno, Crossroads

1943-10-28

Conny Froboess, German singer

1943-11-05

Friedman Paul Erhardt (Chef Tell), German-born American TV chef (d. 2007)

1943-12-01

Orton Enderlein, German FR, luge (Olympic-gold-1964)

1943-12-23

Silvia Sommerlath, German wife of King Carl XVI of Sweden (1973- )

1944-01-12

Vlastimil Hort, Czech/German chess player

1944-01-24

Klaus Nomi, German singer (d. 1983)

1944-02-01

Burkhard Ziese, German football manager

1944-02-28

Sepp Maier, German footballer

1944-03-02

Uschi Glas, German actress

1944-05-18

W. G. Sebald, German-born writer (d. 2001)

1944-06-22

Michael Obst, German FR, coxsman (Olympic-gold-1960)

1944-07-06

Gunhild Hoffmeister, German FR, 800m/1500m runner (Oly-silver-72)

1944-08-12

Peter Hofmann, German tenor

1944-09-24

Diana Körner, German actress

1944-10-03

Roy Horn, German-American magician

1944-10-28

Anton Schlecker, German billionaire

1944-10-29

Otto Wiesheu, German minister

1944-11-02

Liesel Westermann, German FR, discus thrower (Olympic-silver-1968)

1944-12-02

Botho Strauß, German author

1944-12-24

Erhard Keller, German FR, 500m speed skater (Olympic-gold-1968, 72)

1945-03-08

Anselm Kiefer, German painter

1945-04-14

Uwe Beyer, German DR, shot-putter (Olympic-gold-1976)

1945-06-09

Nike Wagner, German woman of the theater

1945-07-15

Jürgen Möllemann, German politician (d. 2003)

1945-08-14

Wim Wenders, West German director (American Friend, Hammett)

1945-09-11

Franz Beckenbauer, German footballer

1945-11-03

Gerd Müller, German footballer

1946-01-27

Jürg Löw, German Fried Movie

1946-02-13

Rainer Werner Fassbinder, German director/actor (Ehe der Maria Braun)

1946-03-24

Klaus Dinger, German musician (Neu!, Kraftwerk)

1946-03-27

Olaf Malolepski, German musician (Die Flippers)

1946-05-17

Udo Lindenberg, German musician

1946-05-31

Rainer Werner Fassbinder, German director (Marriage of Maria Braum)

1946-08-20

Ralf Hütter, German musician (Kraftwerk)

1946-12-14

Ruth Fuchs, German DR, javelin thrower (Oly-2 gold-72, 76)

1947-02-14

Heidemarie Rosendahl, German FR, long jumper (Olympic-gold-1972)

1947-03-07

Walter Röhrl, German race and rally car driver

1947-04-07

Florian Schneider, German musician (Kraftwerk)

1947-04-11

Uli Edel, Neuenburg am Rhein, South Baden, German film director

1947-05-24

Martin Winterkorn, German automotive executive

1947-06-20

Josef Clemens, German bishop and Secretary of the Pontifical Council for the Laity

1947-07-17

Wolfgang Flür, German musician (Kraftwerk)

1947-07-19

Hans-Jürgen Kreische, East German footballer

1947-08-04

Klaus Schulze, German composer

1947-11-16

Ebby Thust, German boxing promoter and writer

1947-11-29

Petra Kelly, Gunzburg, Bavaria, German politician and activist (German Green Party)

1948-01-03

Manfred Kokot, East German runner (world record 50 m indoor)

1948-05-09

Hans Georg Bock, German mathematician

1948-05-25

Klaus Meine, German musician (Scorpions)

1948-07-18

Hartmut Michel, German chemist, Nobel laureate

1948-07-22

Otto Waalkes, German comedian

1948-08-31

Holger Osieck, German footballer and coach

1948-08-31

Rudolf Schenker, German guitarist (Scorpions)

1948-09-24

Heinz Chur, German composer

1948-09-29

Theo Jörgensmann, German jazz clarinetist

1949-01-12

Ottmar Hitzfeld, German football manager

1949-02-23

Anna-Maria Muller, German DR, Luge (Olympic-gold-1972)

1949-03-05

Franz Josef Jung, Commander-in-chief of the German Bundeswehr

1949-03-26

Patrick Süskind, German writer

1949-04-11

Bernd Eichinger, German film producer

1949-05-14

Klaus-Peter Thaler, German cyclist

1949-06-08

Hildegard Falck, German FR, 800m runner (Olympic-gold-1972)

1949-08-30

Peter Maffay, German musician

1950-05-12

Renate Stecher-Meissner, German DR, sprinter (Oly-gold-72)

1950-05-16

Johannes Bednorz, German superconductivity physicist (Nobel 1987)

1950-06-13

Gerd Zewe, German footballer

1950-06-18

Annelie Ehrhardt, German DR, 100m hurdler (Olympics-gold-1972)

1950-07-17

P.J. Soles, German-born American actress

1950-08-03

Waldemar Cierpinski, German DR, marathoner (Olympic-gold-1976, 80)

1950-08-05

Rosi Mittermaier, German FR, slalom/downhill (Olympic-gold-1976)

1950-09-02

Michael Rother, German musician (Neu!, Kraftwerk, Harmonia, Cluster)

1950-10-13

Annegret Richter-Irrang, German FR, sprinter (Olympic-gold-1972)

1950-11-17

Roland Matthes, German DR, 100m/200m backstroke (Oly-gold-1968, 72)

1950-12-31

Inge Helten, German FR, sprinter (Olympic-bronze-1976)

1951-01-01

Hans-Joachim Stuck, German race car driver

1951-02-07

Manfred Schumann, German FR, bobsled (Olympic-silver/bronze-1976)

1951-03-04

Edelgard Bulmahn, German politician

1951-04-13

Joachim Streich, East German footballer

1951-05-18

Angela Voigt, German DR, long jumper (Olympic-gold-76)

1951-06-10

Burglinde Pollak, German DR, pentathlete (Olympics-bronze-1972)

1951-07-14

Erich Hallhuber, German actor (d. 2003)

1951-08-21

Bernhard Germeshausen, German DR, bobsled (Olympic-gold-1976, 80)

1951-09-05

Paul Breitner, German footballer

1951-11-23

Bernd Landvoigt, German DR, coxless pairs (Olympics-gold-1976)

1951-11-23

Jorg Landvoigt, German DR, coxless pairs (Olympics-gold-1976)

1952-02-17

Karin Janz, East German gymnast

1952-04-04

Rosemarie Ackermann, German DR, high jumper (Olympic-gold-1976)

1952-05-31

Karl Bartos, German musician (Kraftwerk, Electronic)

1952-06-12

Seigfried Brietzke, German DR, coxless rower (Oly-gold-1972, 76, 80)

1952-07-08

Ulrich Wehling, German DR, cross country (Olympic-gold-1972, 76, 80)

1952-07-24

Damir German, Glembajevi

1952-08-17

Dr. Mario Theissen, German F1 team principal (BMW Sauber)

1952-08-28

Wendelin Wiedeking, German businessman

1952-08-31

Rudolf Schenker, German rock guitarist (Scorpions-Virgin Killer)

1952-08-31

Herbert Reul, German politician

1952-09-09

Manuel Göttsching, German musician (Ash Ra Tempel)

1952-09-13

Johanna Klier-Schaller, German DR, 100m hurdler (Olympic-gold-1976)

1952-09-14

Margit Schumann, German DR, luge (Olympic-gold-1976)

1952-09-21

Anneliese Michel, German exorcism victim (d. 1976)

1952-09-29

Monika Zehrt, German DR, 400m runner (Olympic-gold-1972)

1952-11-24

Norbert Haug, German motorsport executive (Mercedes Benz)

1953-02-11

Stephen D Thorne, Frankfurt-on-Main, German FR, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut

1953-03-19

Hans Rinn, German DR, 2 man lugist (Olympic-gold-1976, 80)

1953-04-06

Christopher Franke, German musician and composer

1953-05-22

Doris Barnett, German politician

1953-06-20

Willy Rampf, German F1 technical director (BMW Sauber)

1953-08-23

Klaus-Dietrich Flade, German FR, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-14)

1953-12-26

Henning Schmitz, German musician (Kraftwerk)

1953-12-30

Harald Schmautz, German-born journalist

1954-01-06

Norbert Hahn, German DR, 2 man luge (Olympic-gold-1976, 80)

1954-01-06

Hans Robert Hiegel, German architect

1954-01-19

Katharina Thalbach, German actress and film director

1954-02-07

Dieter Bohlen German composer

1954-02-09

Ulrich Walter, German FR, cosmonaut

1954-04-30

Gunther Tiersch, German DR, 8 man cox (Olympic-gold-1968)

1954-05-14

Jens Sparschuh, German writer

1954-05-18

Reinhold Heil, German composer

1954-07-12

Wolfgang Dremmler, German footballer

1954-07-28

Gerd Faltings, German mathematician

1954-09-05

Hans-Jorgen Gerhardt, German DR, bobsled (Olympic-gold-1980)

1954-10-20

Günter Müller, German sound artist, improvisor and percussionist

1954-12-26

Ullrich Diessner, German DR, 4 man cox (Olympic-gold-1976)

1954-12-26

Walter Diessner, German DR, 4 man cox (Olympic-gold-1976)

1954-12-31

Hermann Tilke, German racing circuit architect

1955-03-11

[Kater]Nina Hagen, East Berlin German DR, actress (Blue Angel)

1955-03-21

Barbel Wockel-Eckert, German DR, sprinter (Olympic-4 gold-1976, 80)

1955-09-25

Karl-Heinz Rummenigge, German footballer

1955-10-30

Jeremy Black, Dam Busters: The Race to Smash the German Dams

1955-11-07

Detlef Ultsch, German judoka

1955-11-10

Roland Emmerich, German film producer and director

1955-12-01

Uwe Benter, German FR, coxsman (Olympic-gold-1972)

1955-12-20

Ed Kuepper, German/Australian, singer/songwriter (Saints)

1956-03-28

Evelin Jahl, German DR, discus thrower (Olympic-2 gold-1976)

1956-04-12

Herbert Grönemeyer, German singer

1956-04-13

Michael Nikolay, German DR, gymnist (Olympics)

1956-05-31

Fritz Hilpert, German musician and sound engineer (Kraftwerk)

1956-08-23

Andreas Floer, German mathematician (d. 1991)

1956-09-03

Hans-Georg Beyer, German DR, team handball player (Olympic-gold-1980)

1956-09-05

Sandra Guiboard, US AFB German FR, actress (Donna-One Life to Live)

1956-09-24

Ilona Briesenick-Slupianek, German DR, shot-putter (Olympic-gold-1980)

1956-12-05

Klaus Allofs, German footballer

1957-02-18

Marita Koch, German DR, 400m sprinter (Oly-gold-1980)

1957-05-13

Andrea Klump, German terrorist

1957-06-03

Horst-Ulrich Hänel, German field hockey player

1957-07-25

Bogdan Musiol, German DR, bobsled (Olympic-bronze-1980)

1957-08-27

Bernhard Langer, Anhausen, German golfer (two-time Masters champion)

1957-09-12

Hans Zimmer, German composer

1957-10-21

Wolfgang Ketterle, German physicist, Nobel laureate

1957-10-24

Ron Gardenhire, German-born American baseball manager

1957-11-06

Klaus Kleinfeld, German industrialist

1958-02-28

Christine Lathan-Brehmer, German DR, 400m runner (Oly-gold-76)

1958-03-21

Marlies Gohr, German DR, sprinter (Olympic-gold-1976, 80)

1958-06-16

Ulrike Tauber, East German swimmer

1958-07-26

Ramona Neubert, German DR, long jumper/pentathlete (Oly-4th-80)

1958-11-22

Aleksandr Stolyarov, German I Karmalita

1959-01-12

Blixa Bargeld, German singer and musician (Einstürzende Neubauten, Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds)

1959-01-28

Burkhard Dallwitz, German-born composer

1959-03-30

Sabine Meyer, German clarinetist

1959-06-09

Christian Wulff, German politician, currently prime minister of Lower Saxony.

1959-07-03

Andreas Wisniewski, Berlin German FR, actor (Living Daylights)

1959-07-30

Petra Felke, German DR, javelin thrower (world record 1988)

1959-08-08

Ronald Weigel, German DR speed walker (5 km indoor)

1959-11-09

Thomas Quasthoff, German singer

1959-12-22

Bernd Schuster, German footballer

1960-02-13

Artur Yusupov, Russian-German chess player

1960-02-23

Gloria von Thurm un Taxis, Munich German FR, Princess

1960-03-04

Christina Sussiek, former German athlete

1960-03-24

Nena, German pop singer

1960-03-27

Hans Pflügler, German footballer

1960-04-13

Rudi Völler, German football coach

1960-04-13

Olaf Ludwig, German cyclist

1960-04-16

Pierre Littbarski, German footballer

1960-05-11

Jorgen Schult, German FR, discus thrower (world record 1986)

1960-06-19

Heike Walpot, German, cosmonaut

1960-07-16

Gisela Beyer, German DR, discus thrower (Olympics-4th place-1980)

1960-07-21

Fritz Walter, German footballer

1960-08-08

Ulrich Maly, German politician

1960-10-24

Joachim "Jo" Winkelhock, German race car driver

1960-11-04

Frl. Menke, German pop singer of the Neue Deutsche Welle

1961-03-04

Sabine Everts, former German track athlete

1961-03-21

Lothar Matthäus, German footballer

1961-05-12

Thomas Dooley, German-American Soccer Player

1961-05-14

Ulrike Folkerts, German actress

1961-06-15

Kai Eckhardt, German musician (Garaj Mahal)

1961-06-20

Karin Enke, Dresden German DR, speed skater (Olympic-gold-1980, 84)

1961-06-21

Sascha Konietzko, German musician

1961-10-06

Kathrin Dörre, East German marathoner (Olympic-bronze-1988)

1961-10-29

Cornelia Oschkenat, German DR, hurdler (50m indoor)

1961-12-01

Armin Meiwes, German cannibal

1962-01-01

Ari Up, German musician (The Slits)

1962-02-25

Birgit Fischer, German DR, 500m kayaker (Olympic-gold-1980)

1962-05-18

Sandra Cretu, German singer

1962-05-20

Sylvie Rauch, Munich German FR, nude model/actress

1962-05-31

Sebastian Koch, German actor

1962-09-08

Thomas Kretschmann, German actor

1962-11-21

Sabine Busch, German athlete

1963-01-04

Till Lindemann, German singer (Rammstein)

1963-01-11

Petra Schneider, E German swimming star (world record 400m)

1963-01-17

Kai Hansen, German singer and guitarist (Gamma Ray)

1963-03-01

Thomas Anders, German singer (Modern Talking)

1963-06-29

Khalid El-Masri, German-born suspected terrorist

1963-09-23

Gabriele Reinsch, German DR, discus thrower (world record 1988)

1963-09-27

Caren Metschuck, German DR, 100m butterfly swimmer (Olympic-gold-1980)

1963-11-02

Ines Diers, German DR, 400m freestyle swimmer (Olympic-gold-1980)

1963-12-11

Claudia Kohde-Kilsch, German FR, tennis star

1963-12-19

Til Schweiger, German actor

1964-01-06

Henry Maske, German boxer

1964-02-08

German Gref, Taking Control

1964-02-13

Evi Strasser, Bavaria German, equestrian (Olympics-96)

1964-03-09

Herbert Fandel, German football referee

1964-05-05

Heike Henkel, German FR, world record indoor high jumper (1992)

1964-06-02

Caroline Link, German film director and screenwriter

1964-06-03

Doro Pesch, German singer

1964-07-26

Ralf Metzenmacher, German painter and designer

1964-07-30

Jürgen Klinsmann, German footballer and manager

1964-09-04

René Pape, German bass

1964-09-12

Dieter Hecking, German footballer

1964-10-10

Maxi Gnauck, German DR, uneven parallel bars (Olympic-gold-1980)

1964-10-25

Nicole, German singer

1964-12-09

Paul Landers, German guitarist (Rammstein)

1964-12-16

Heike Drechsler, Gera German DR, sprinter (1988 world record)

1965-01-06

Christine Wachtel, E German running star (world indoor record 800m)

1965-02-27

Frank Peter Zimmermann, German violinist

1965-03-04

WestBam (Maximillian Lenz), German rave techno DJ

1965-03-18

Birgit Clarius, German heptathlete

1965-04-06

Rica Reinisch, German DR, 100m/200m backstroke (Olympic-gold-1980)

1965-05-18

Ingo Schwichtenberg, German drummer (d. 1995)

1965-05-23

Tom Tykwer, German film director

1965-06-22

Uwe Boll, German film director

1965-08-06

Juliane Köhler, German actress

1965-09-07

Andreas Thom, German footballer

1965-09-07

Uta Pippig, German athlete

1965-09-12

Silke Horner, German DR, swimmer (world record 100m-breast stroke)

1965-10-11

Alexander Hacke, German musician (Einstürzende Neubauten)

1965-10-16

German Titov, Moscow Russia, NHL center (Calgary Flames, Oly-Silver-1998)

1965-11-07

Sigrun Wodars, German athlete

1965-11-15

Stefan Pfeiffer, German swimmer

1965-12-21

Anke Engelke, German comedian

1966-03-24

Tatjana Patitz, Hamburg German FR, model/actress (Rising Sun)

1966-05-01

Olaf Thon, German football player

1966-05-11

Christoph Schneider, German drummer (Rammstein)

1966-07-07

Gundula Krause, German folk violinist

1966-08-10

Hansi Kürsch, German singer

1966-09-09

Georg Hackl, German luger

1966-09-13

Maria Furtwängler, German physician

1966-10-18

German Sterligov, Kreml, Kaviar und Milliarden - Russlands neue Zaren

1966-10-20

Stefan Raab, German entertainer

1966-11-06

Christian Lorenz, German keyboardist (Rammstein)

1966-11-14

Petra Roßner, German cyclist

1966-11-16

Christian Lorenz, German keyboardist (Rammstein)

1966-12-18

Mille Petrozza, German singer (Kreator)

1966-12-22

Marcel "Schmier" Schirmer, German singer and bassplayer (Destruction)

1967-02-11

Uwe Daßler, German swimmer

1967-05-13

Melanie Thornton, African American German pop singer, former member of La Bouche. (d. 2001)

1967-05-18

Heinz-Harald Frentzen, German F1 driver

1967-06-02

Axel Holst, German Angst

1967-06-24

Richard Kruspe-Bernstein, German musician (Rammstein)

1967-09-02

Andreas Möller, German footballer

1968-01-24

Michael Kiske, German musician

1968-01-29

Susi Erdmann, German bobsledder and luger

1968-02-02

Roland Jankowsky, German Fried Movie

1968-03-08

Michael Bartels, German race car driver

1968-04-01

Andreas Schnaas, German horror film director

1968-05-01

Oliver Bierhoff, German footballer

1968-05-21

Matthias Ungemach, German rower

1968-08-02

Stefan Effenberg, German footballer

1969-05-13

André Schmechta, German musician (X Marks the Pedwalk)

1969-05-29

Dominic Comperatore, The Good German

1969-06-15

Oliver Kahn, German footballer

1969-07-07

Sylke Otto, German luger

1969-09-13

Ilka Knickenberg, German actress

1969-11-10

Jens Lehmann, German footballer

1969-11-22

Katrin Krabbe, Neubrandenburg German DR, 100m/200m (World Champ 1991)

1970-01-29

Jörg Hoffmann, German swimmer

1970-02-06

German Laverde, A Minor Miracle

1970-02-27

Matthias Lechner, German art director

1970-06-20

Andrea Nahles, German politician

1970-07-07

Erik Zabel, German cyclist

1970-07-23

Thea Dorn, German writer

1970-08-31

Arie van Lent, Dutch-German footballer

1970-10-10

Silke Kraushaar-Pielach, German luger

1970-10-10

Corinna May, German singer

1970-10-16

Mehmet Scholl, German footballer

1971-03-19

Nadja Auermann, German supermodel

1971-04-11

Oliver Riedel, German musician (Rammstein)

1971-04-22

Ingo Rademacher, German FR, actor (Jasper Jacks-General Hospital)

1971-08-13

Moritz Bleibtreu, German actor

1971-08-16

Stefan Klos, German footballer

1971-12-16

Paul van Dyk, German DJ

1972-01-17

Benno Fürmann, German actor

1972-02-26

Gian Franco Tordi, The Good German

1972-03-24

Igor Korosec, The Good German

1972-06-14

Matthias Ettrich, German computer scientist (KDE)

1972-07-10

Tilo Wolff, German musician (Lacrimosa)

1972-09-08

Markus Babbel, German footballer

1972-11-27

Àlex Brendemühl, The German Doctor

1972-12-09

Tre Cool, German-born American drummer (Green Day)

1973-02-25

Normann Stadler, German triathlete

1973-04-25

Barbara Rittner, Krefeld German FR, tennis star (1992 Schenectady)

1973-04-29

German Saez, Pulgas en el 7

1973-05-01

Oliver Neuville, German footballer

1973-05-02

Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck, German film director and screenwriter

1973-06-01

Heidi Klum, Bergisch Gladbach, North Rhine-Westphalia, German supermodel

1973-06-24

Alexander Beyer, German actor

1973-07-05

René Spies, German bobsledder

1973-08-25

Fatih Akin, Turkish-German film director

1973-08-27

Dietmar Hamann, German footballer

1973-10-01

Jana Henke, German swimmer

1973-11-17

Bernd Schneider, German footballer

1973-12-02

Jan Ullrich, German cyclist

1973-12-21

Karmen Stavec, German-born Slovenian singer

1974-01-11

Jens Nowotny, German footballer

1974-03-05

Jens Jeremies, German footballer

1974-04-01

Sandra Völker, German swimmer

1974-07-22

Franka Potente, German actress

1974-08-28

Carsten Jancker, German footballer

1974-09-15

Jamie Stevens, German singer

1974-09-26

Boris Cepeda, German-Ecuadorian pianist and diplomat

1974-10-27

Elena Roger, The German Doctor

1974-11-05

Angela Gossow, German vocalist (Arch Enemy)

1974-9-19

Janusz German, Kariera Nikosia Dyzmy

1975-02-10

Kool Savas, German rapper

1975-03-04

Kirsten Bolm, German hurdler

1975-03-04

Patrick Femerling, German-born professional basketball player

1975-04-13

Lou Bega, German-born musician and artist

1975-05-17

Alex Wright, German professional wrestler

1975-06-22

Andreas Klöden, German professional road bicycle racer

1975-06-30

Ralf Schumacher, German race car driver (F1)

1975-10-01

Zoltán Sebescen, German footballer

1976-02-07

Sreto Ristić, German footballer

1976-04-25

Rainer Schüttler, German tennis player

1976-05-25

Sandra Nasic, German singer (Guano Apes)

1976-07-15

Diane Kruger, German actress and former fashion model

1976-09-26

Michael Ballack, German footballer

1976-11-12

Judith Holofernes, German singer (Wir sind Helden)

1976-11-21

Martin Meichelbeck, German footballer

1976-11-22

Torsten Frings, German footballer

1976-11-22

Regina Halmich, German female boxer

1976-9-04

Aleksey German, Bumazhnyy soldat

1977-02-22

Timo Rose, German filmmaker

1977-03-04

Daniel Klewer, German footballer

1977-03-07

Mitja Zastrow, German-born swimmer

1977-05-10

Nick Heidfeld, German Formula 1 driver

1977-07-05

Nicolas Kiefer, German tennis player.

1977-08-24

Robert Enke, German footballer

1977-08-29

Jo Weil, German actor

1977-08-30

Jens Ludwig, German guitarist

1977-09-24

Frank Fahrenhorst, German footballer

1977-10-25

Birgit Prinz, German footballer

1977-11-21

Tobias Sammet, German singer (Edguy)

1978-01-01

Nina Bott, German actress

1978-01-20

Sonja Kesselschläger, German heptathlete

1978-01-21

Faris al-Sultan, German-Iraqi triathlete

1978-01-29

Martin Schmitt, German ski jumper

1978-02-20

Julia Jentsch, German actress

1978-04-03

Tommy Haas, German tennis player

1978-04-05

Franziska van Almsick, German swimmer

1978-06-09

Miroslav Klose, German footballer

1978-06-16

Daniel Brühl, German actor

1978-06-19

Dirk Nowitzki, German basketball player

1978-07-09

Mark Medlock, German singer

1978-09-28

Bushido, German rapper

1978-10-03

Gerald Asamoah, German footballer

1978-11-12

Alexandra Maria Lara, German Romanian actress

1978-11-29

Lauren German, Hostel: Part II

1979-03-14

Sead Ramović, German-born Bosnian footballer

1979-04-05

Timo Hildebrand, German footballer

1979-05-29

Arne Friedrich, German football player

1979-07-14

Axel Teichmann, German cross-country skier

1979-07-22

Lucas Luhr, German racing driver

1979-08-28

Markus Pröll, German footballer

1979-08-28

Robert Hoyzer, German football referee

1979-10-04

Bjorn Phau, German tennis player

1979-11-14

Mavie Hörbiger, German actress

1979-12-02

Yvonne Catterfeld, German singer and actress

1979-12-28

Senna Guemmour, German Singer (Monrose)

1980-02-13

Sebastian Kehl, German footballer

1980-02-17

Jamie German, Love the Coopers

1980-04-09

Clueso, German singer, rapper, songwriter and producer

1980-04-20

Jasmin Wagner, German singer

1980-05-02

Tim Borowski, German footballer

1980-05-09

Tony Schmidt, German racing driver

1980-06-13

Markus Winkelhock, German racing driver

1980-06-13

Sarah Connor, German singer

1980-06-20

Fabian Wegmann, German road racing cyclist

1980-07-12

Johanna Klum, German TV presenter

1980-08-08

Sabine Klaschka, German tennis player

1980-08-22

Roland Benschneider, German footballer

1980-11-05

Christoph Metzelder, German footballer

1980-11-28

Lisa Middelhauve, German singer (Xandria)

1981-01-02

Hanno Balitsch, German footballer

1981-04-14

Dasha German, Street Racer

1981-05-21

Max, German singer

1981-06-16

Benjamin Becker, German tennis player

1981-07-20

Thorsten Engelmann, German rower

1981-07-21

Stefan Schumacher, German cyclist

1981-09-23

Natalie Horler, German singer (Cascada)

1981-09-26

Collien Fernandes, German TV host and actress

1981-9-15

Kristina Djukovic, I Don't Dream in German

1982-01-07

Hannah Stockbauer, German swimmer

1982-01-31

Andreas Görlitz, German football player

1982-03-02

Kevin Kurányi, German footballer

1982-03-10

Timo Glock, German racing car driver

1982-03-12

Tobias Schweinsteiger, German footballer

1982-03-18

Timo Glock German Formula 1 driver

1982-04-03

Fler, German rapper

1982-04-05

Thomas Hitzlsperger, German footballer

1982-08-05

Tobias Regner, German singer

1982-12-08

Hamit Altintop, German-born Turkish Football player (identical twin brother of Halil Altintop)

1982-12-13

Dominik Werling, German footballer

1983-01-11

Adrian Sutil, German racing driver

1983-01-16

Aleksandr Sountsov, The Good German

1983-01-17

Johannes Herber, German basketball player

1983-01-21

Moritz Volz, German footballer

1983-01-22

Robert Steinhäuser, German perpetrator of the Erfurt massacre (d. 2002)

1983-04-30

Tatjana Hüfner, German luger

1983-06-15

Julia Fischer, German violinist

1983-08-24

Marcel Goc, German ice hockey player

1983-09-05

Eugen Bopp, Ukrainian-German footballer

1983-09-07

Annette Dytrt, German skater figure

1983-11-05

Mike Hanke, German footballer

1983-11-11

Philipp Lahm, German footballer

1983-11-16

Britta Steffen, German swimmer

1984-01-19

Celeste Cid, The German Friend

1984-02-21

David Odonkor, German footballer

1984-03-13

Marc Zwiebler, German badminton player

1984-05-14

Michael Rensing, German footballer

1984-08-01

Bastian Schweinsteiger, Kolbermoor, German footballer

1984-08-18

Robert Huth, German footballer

1984-09-26

Thore Schölermann, German actor

1984-09-29

Per Mertesacker, German football player

1984-11-02

Julia Stegner, German supermodel

1985-03-01

Andreas Ottl, German footballer

1985-05-16

Anja Mittag, German footballer

1985-06-27

Nico Rosberg, German race car driver

1985-07-10

Mario Gómez, German footballer

1985-08-14

Christian Gentner, German footballer

1985-10-08

Eiji Wentz, German-Japanese entertainer

1985-11-04

Marcell Jansen, German footballer

1986-02-14

Michael Ammermüller, German racing driver

1986-09-19

Gerald Ciolek, German cyclist

1986-10-12

Sergio Peter, German footballer

1987-02-09

Magdalena Neuner, German biathlete

1987-07-03

Sebastian Vettel, German racing driver

1987-08-05

Ana Pauls, The German Doctor

1987-10-25

Fabian Hambüchen, German gymnast and Olympic medallist

1987-11-03

Felix Schütz, German ice hockey player

1988-08-23

Daniel Schwaab, German footballer

1988-10-05

Bahar Kızıl, German Singer (Monrose)

1989-04-01

Vietoris Krisztián, German racecar driver

1990-01-04

Toni Kroos, German footballer

1990-03-21

Mandy Capristo, German Singer (Monrose)

1990-09-07

Tanja Kolbe, German ice dancer

1990-12-09

LaFee, German singer

1993-02-07

Philip Wiegratz, German actor

1995-12-06

Joy Gruttmann, German singer

1998-10-06

Mia-Sophie Wellenbrink, German actress and singer

German - Notable Weddings

Johann S BachOct 17, 1707

Johann Wolfgang von GoetheOct 14, 1806

Richard WagnerAug 25, 1870

Konrad AdenauerJan 28, 1904

Joachim von RibbentropJul 5, 1920

German - Weddings
Date Event
1707-10-17

German composer Johann S Bach marries for the 1st time his cousin Maria Barbara Bach

1806-10-14

German writer, artist and politician Johann Wolfgang von Goethe marries mistress Christiane Vulpius in Weimar

1837-03-28

German composer Felix Mendelssohn (27) marries Cécile Jeanrenaud (20)

1870-08-25

German composer Richard Wagner (57) weds Franz Liszt's daughter Cosima Liszt (32) at a Protestant church in Lucerne, Switzerland

1904-01-28

German chancellor Konrad Adenauer (28) weds Emma Weyer at St. Stephan Catholic Church in Lindenthal, Germany

1919-09-26

German chancellor Konrad Adenauer (43) weds Auguste Zinsser in Cologne, Germany

1920-07-05

Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop (27) weds Anna Elisabeth Henkell

1934-01-07

Princess Juliana marries German prince Bernhard von Lippe-Biesterfeld

1966-03-10

Dutch Crown Princess Beatrix (Queen Beatrix) marries German aristocrat Claus von Amsberg in Amsterdam

1966-07-14

Sex symbol of the 1960s Brigitte Bardot (31) weds German millionaire playboy Gunter Sachs (33) in Las Vegas

2005-05-18

Television presenter and former Miss Germany Verona Feldbusch (37) weds German entrepreneur Franjo Pooth at the San Diego Court House in San Diego, California

2005-10-22

German film and television actress Uschi Glas (61) weds Dieter Hermann in Munich Palace

German - Divorces
Date Event
2010-06-06

Gossip Girl star Kelly Rutherford (40) divorces German entrepreneur Daniel Giersch (34) due to irreconcilable differences after 2 years of marriage

German - Notable Deaths

CharlemagneJan 28, 814

Henry IVAug 7, 1106

Johannes KeplerNov 15, 1630

Johann Michael BachMay 17, 1694

Johann PachelbelMar 9, 1706

Johann Sebastian BachJul 28, 1750

Ludwig van BeethovenMar 26, 1827

Johann Wolfgang von GoetheFeb 22, 1832

Karl Ferdinand von GraefeJul 4, 1840

Friedrich WJ von SchellingAug 20, 1854

Alexander von HumboldtMay 6, 1859

Karl MarxMar 14, 1883

Otto Von BismarckJul 30, 1898

Friedrich NietzscheAug 25, 1900

Rudolf VirchowSep 5, 1902

Robert KochMay 27, 1910

Mata HariOct 15, 1917

The Red BaronApr 21, 1918

Hermann Emil FischerJul 15, 1919

Alfred WegenerNov 3, 1930

Erwin RommelOct 14, 1944

Hans FischerMar 31, 1945

Adolf HitlerApr 30, 1945

Joseph GoebbelsMay 1, 1945

Joachim von RibbentropOct 16, 1946

Thomas MannAug 12, 1955

Hermann HesseAug 9, 1962

leonieMay 12, 1970

Karl ZieglerAug 12, 1973

Oskar SchindlerOct 9, 1974

Hannah ArendtDec 4, 1975

Karl DönitzDec 24, 1980

Leni RiefenstahlSep 8, 2003

German - Deaths
Date Event
482-01-08

Severinus, German monastery founder/saint, dies

493-03-15

Odiaker (Odoacer), German army leader/King of Italy (476-93), murdered

532-10-17

Boniface II, 1st "German" Pope, dies

753-11-03

Pirminius, German saint (b. 753)

814-01-28

Charlemagne, German emperor/Roman Emperor (800-814), dies at 71

849-08-18

Walafrid Strabo, German monk and theologian

865-02-03

Ansgar/Anscharius/Oskar, German 1st (arch)bishop of Hamburg/saint, dies

876-08-28

Louis the German, King of East France Empire (833-76), dies

876-09-28

Louis the German, King of Eastern Francia (b. 804)

882-01-20

Louis II/III the Younger, German king (876-82), dies

911-09-24

Ludwig III, the child, last Carolingian German King (899-911), dies

918-09-23

Koenraad I, German duke/king (911-18), dies at 42

918-12-21

Conrad I, Duke of Franconia/German King (911-918), dies

918-12-23

Conrad I, East Frankish/German king (911-18), dies. Born 890

936-07-02

Henry I the Vogelaar, German king (919-36)/duke of Saxon 912-36, dies

946-01-26

Eadgyth, German Queen

968-03-14

Matilda of Ringelheim, German Queen (c. 895)

973-07-04

Ulrich of Augsburg, German bishop (b. 890)

983-12-07

Otto II the Red, German king/emperor (973-83), dies at about 28

999-02-18

Gregory V, [Bruno] 1st German Pope, dies

1002-01-23

Otto III, German king/emperor 983/996-1002, dies at 21

1024-07-13

Henry II, the Monk, German King (1002-24), dies

1043-02-15

Gisela, wife of RC-German emperor Conrad II the Salier, dies at 52

1068-11-09

Agnes of Poitou, duchess of Aquitania/mother of German Empress, dies

1077-12-14

Agnes of Poitou, German empress/wife of emperor Henry III, dies

1080-10-15

Rudolf of Rheinfeld, Duke of Swabia and German anti-King

1085-09-04

Irmgarde van Keulen, German countress of Aspel/saint, dies

1100-09-16

Bernold of Constance, German chronicler (b. 1054)

1101-10-06

Bruno of Cologne, German founder of the Carthusian order

1103-01-17

Frutolf, German monk/musicologist/historian, dies

1106-08-07

Henry IV, Roman German king/emperor (1056/84-1105), dies at 54

1125-05-23

Hendrik V, Roman catholics German king/emperor (1098/1111-25), dies

1125-05-25

Hendrik V, last Salische German king, dies

1152-02-15

Konrad III, Roman-German King (1138-1152), dies at about 58

1197-09-28

Henry VI von Hohenstaufen, Roman Catholic German King (1169-97), dies

1226-11-14

Frederick of Isenberg, German politician (executed) (b. 1193)

1242-02-12

Hendrik VII, Roman Catholics German king (1220-35), commits suicide

1250-12-13

Frederick II, German Emperor (1212-1250), dies at 55

1256-01-28

Willem II, earl of Holland/German emperor (1238, 47-56), dies at 22

1280-11-15

Albertus Magnus the Great, German leader/bishop Regensburg, dies at 87

1298-07-02

Adolf van Nassau, RC-German king (1292-98), dies in battle at about 43

1308-05-01

Albrecht I van Habsburg, German King (1298-1308), murdered

1312-10-28

Elisabeth of Tirol, German queen

1313-08-24

Henry VII, Roman Catholic German King/emperor (1308/12-13), dies

1328-04-30

... Eckhard, German theologist/mystic, dies

1330-01-13

Frederick I (III), the Fair, Duke of Austrian/German anti-king, dies (b. 1286)

1349-06-14

Gunther Van Schwarzburg, German anti-king 1349, dies at about 44

1351-07-20

Margaretha Ebner, German visionary (b. 1291)

1361-06-16

John Tauler, German mystic (Gottesfreunde) dies at about 61

1366-01-25

Henry Suso, German mystic

1378-11-29

Charles IV, Roman-German King/German emperor (Univ of Prague), dies

1380-12-24

John von Neumarkt, German bishop/Chancellor Karel IV, dies

1381-05-15

Eppelein von Gailingen, German robber baron

1399-07-13

Peter Parler, German architect (b. 1330)

1401-05-18

Władysław Opolczyk (German: Ladislaus von Oppel, count palatine of Hungary 1367-1372, governor of Halych-Volhynia 1372 - 1378, count palatine of Poland

1410-05-18

Ruprecht, Roman catholics German king, dies

1410-07-15

Ulrich von Jungingen, German Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, killed at the Battle of Grunwald (b. 1360)

1418-03-22

Dietrich of Nieheim, German historian

1437-12-09

Sigismund, German Emperor/king of Hungary/Bohemia, dies at 70

1461-04-08

Georg Purbach, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1423)

1464-08-17

Nikolaus von Cusa, German theologist/mathematician/philosopher, dies

1468-02-23

John Gutenberg, German inventor (boekdrukkunst), dies

1473-01-24

Conrad Paumann, German blind organist/composer, dies

1475-06-24

Albrecht von Eyb, German parson (Bamberg & Eichstattt), dies at 54

1476-07-06

Regiomontanus, [Johannes Muller of Königsberg], German astronomer (b. 1436)

1485-02-28

Niclas, Graf von Abensberg, German soldier (b. 1441)

1491-02-02

Martin Schongauer, German painter, dies at 40

1491-10-12

Fritz Herlen, German artist

1493-08-19

Frederick III of Innsbruck, German Emperor (1440-1493), dies at 77

1496-03-12

Johannes de Lapide, [Johan Heynlin], German philosopher, dies

1498-12-07

Alexander Hegius von Heek, German humanist

1499-07-22

Neithart Fox, [Jonker Fox], German passage leader, slain in battle

1504-12-21

Bertold von Henneberg-Römhild, German archbishop and elector (b. 1442)

1505-10-21

Paul Scriptoris, German mathematician

1507-07-29

Martin Behaim, German-born navigator and geographer (b. 1459)

1508-02-04

Conrad Celtes, German humanist scholar (b. 1459)

1514-11-28

Hartmann Skull, German physician/historian (Skull's Liederbuch), dies

1516-12-13

Johannes Trithemius, German cryptographer (b. 1462)

1517-01-01

Hermann Vischer, the Younger, German bronze merchant, dies

1519-09-21

Hans Backofen/Backoffen, German sculptor, dies at about 49

1519-11-30

Michael Wolgemut, German painter (Weltchronik), dies at about 85

1523-08-29

Ulrich von Hutten, German poet/humanist/patriot, dies at 35

1525-05-27

Thomas Muentzer, German rebel leader

1525-12-30

Jacob Fugger, German banker/merchant, dies at 66

1526-03-30

Konrad Mutian, German humanist (b. 1471)

1527-11-08

Jerome Emser, German theologian (b. 1477)

1528-04-06

Albrecht Durer, German painter/graphic artist, dies in Germany at 56

1529-01-07

Peter Vischer, the Old, German count of Sebaldus, dies

1529-04-19

John Cuspinianus, [Spiessheimer], German physician, dies at about 55

1531-02-16

Johannes Stöffler, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1452)

1531-07-08

Tilman Riemenschneider, German sculptor, dies at 71

1531-11-24

Johannes Oecolampadius, German religious reformer (b. 1482)

1535-02-18

Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim, German royal astrologer, physician and theologian dies at 48

1536-01-22

Bernhard Knipperdolling, German religious leader (b. 1495)

1536-02-25

Berthold Haller, German-born reformer (b. 1492)

1537-09-04

Johann Dietenberger, German theologian (b. c. 1475)

1538-02-12

Albrecht Altdorfer, German painter, dies at about 57

1540-03-30

Matthäus Lang von Wellenburg, German statesman and Archbishop of Salzburg (b. 1469)

1540-10-04

Helius Eobanus Hessus, German humanist/poet (Silvae), dies

1541-08-01

Simon Grynaeus, German theologian (b. 1493)

1545-01-16

George Spalatin, German reformer (b. 1484)

1547-01-16

Johannes Schöner, German astronomer and cartographer (b. 1477)

1548-08-06

Georg Rhau/Rhaw, German cantor/composer/music publisher, dies

1548-11-16

Caspar Cruciger, German church reformer, dies at 44

1549-01-28

Elia Levita, German-Yiddish writer (Habachur), dies at about 80

1550-09-08

Hans [Johann] Vischer, German count of Johann Cicero, dies

1552-01-11

Johannes Cochlaeus, [Dobeneck], German humanist/theologist, dies

1552-02-26

Heinrich Faber, German composer

1552-04-21

Peter Apianus, [Bennewitz/Bienewitz], German astronomer, dies at 50

1552-08-15

Hermann of Wied, German Catholic archbishop (b. 1477)

1553-02-19

Erasmus Reinhold, German mathematician, dies at 41

1553-10-16

Lucas Cranach Sr, German painter, dies at 81

1553-10-30

Jacob Sturm von Sturmeck, German statesman and reformer (b. 1489)

1554-02-21

Hieronymus Bock, German doctor (founder of modern botany), dies

1554-06-19

Sixt[us] Birck [Xystus Betulius], German writer (Judith), dies at 53

1555-10-09

Justus Jonas, German Protestant reformer (b. 1493)

1555-11-21

Georg Agricola, [Bauer], German mineralogist (zinc), dies at 61

1556-06-10

Martin Agricola [M Sore], German composer/cantor, dies

1556-10-31

John Sleidanus, German humanist/historian (Commentary), dies at 50

1557-04-21

Petrus Apianus, German mathematician (b. 1495)

1558-04-20

Johannes Bugenhagen, German reformer (b. 1485)

1559-03-30

Adam Ries, German mathematician (b. 1492)

1559-11-28

Erasmus Sarcerius, German Lutheran theologian and reformer, dies at about 58

1560-11-07

Peter S Lotichius, [Peter Lotz], German poet (Opera omnia), dies

1561-03-25

Conrad Lycosthenes, French-born German philosopher and encyclopedist (b. 1518)

1563-02-02

Hans Neusiedler, Hungarian/German luitist/author, dies at approx 54

1564-10-18

Johannes Acronius Frisius, German physician and mathematician (b. 1520)

1565-05-14

Nicolaus von Amsdorf, German reform theologist, dies

1566-05-10

Leonhard Fuchs, German botanist, dies at 65

1566-09-22

John Agricola, [Schneider], German theologist/prime minister, dies

1567-04-18

Wilhelm von Grumbach, German military man, dies at 63

1567-04-19

Michael Stifel, German theologist/mathematician, dies at about 79

1568-05-23

Adolf van Nassau, German son of Willem the Rich, dies in battle at 27

1571-07-17

Georg Fabricius, German poet and historian (b. 1516)

1574-04-14

Christoffel Palts, German general strategist, dies in battle

1574-04-17

Joachim Camerarius, [Liebhard Kammerer], German philologist, dies

1574-11-28

Georg Major, German Protestant theologian (b. 1502)

1576-02-10

Guilielmus Xylander, German classical scholar (b. 1532)

1580-08-01

Albrecht Giese, German politician and diplomat (b. 1524)

1581-10-23

Michael Neander, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1529)

1583-03-06

Zacharias Ursinus, German theologist (Heidelberger), dies at 48

1586-01-25

Lucas Cranach "the Young", German painter, dies at 70

1588-06-10

Valentin Weigel, German mystic, dies

1589-11-14

Philipp Apianus [Bennewitz/Bienewitz], German geographer, dies at 58

1590-01-07

Jacob Andreae, German theologist (Formulae Concordiae), dies at 61

1590-11-29

Philipp Nikodemus Frischlin, German philologist and poet (b. 1547)

1592-01-06

John Casimir of Simmern, German prince and regent for his nephew, Elector Frederick IV (b. 1543)

1595-05-25

Valens Acidalius, German critic and poet (b. 1567)

1596-01-21

John Ligarius, German theologist/prime minister, dies at 66

1596-02-17

Friedrich Sylburg, German classical scholar (b. 1536)

1596-09-15

Leonhard Rauwolf, German physician and botanist (b. 1535 or 1540)

1597-01-29

Elias Ammerbach, German organist (b. 1530)

1597-06-02

Diederik Sonoy, German/Neth governor of Northern quarter, dies at 67

1597-12-18

Barbara Blomberg, German mistress of emperor Karel, dies at 67

1598-10-11

Joachim Camerarius, German botanist (horticulture catalog), dies

1602-02-03

Paul Melissus, [Paul Schede], German poet/composer, dies at 62

1602-09-25

Caspar Peucer, German reformer (b. 1525)

1607-10-26

Philipp Nicolai, German Lutherian theologist/poet/composer, dies at 52

1610-12-11

Adam Elsheimer, German painter/cartoonist/etcher, buried at 32

1610-12-31

Ludolph van Ceulen, German mathematician (b. 1540)

1615-03-04

Hans von Aachen, German painter, dies

1616-07-25

Andreas Libavius, German alchemist, dies

1616-10-23

Leonhard Hutter, German theologian (b. 1563)

1617-05-07

David Fabricius, German astronomer, dies at 53

1620-03-09

Aegidius Albertinus, German writer (Lucifer's Kingdom), dies at 59

1620-03-25

Johannes Nucius, German composer

1621-02-15

Michael Praetorius, German composer (In Dulce Jubilo), dies at 50

1623-06-16

Christian, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Wolfenbüttel, German Protestant military leader (b. 1599)

1625-03-07

Johann Bayer, German astronomer (b. 1572)

1625-09-20

Heinrich Meibom, German historian and critic (b. 1555)

1626-11-29

Ernst, Graf von Mansfield, German soldier (c. 1580)

1628-02-20

Gregor Aichinger, German composer/organist, dies at about 63

1628-06-08

Rudolph Goclenius, German philosopher (b. 1547)

1630-11-15

Johannes Kepler, German astronomer, dies at 58

1630-11-19

Johann Hermann Schein, German composer (Opella Nova), dies at 44

1631-10-20

Michael Maestlin, German astronomer and mathematician (b. 1550)

1634-02-25

Albrecht WE baron von Wallenstein, German duke, murdered at 50

1635-02-13

Georg R Weckerlin, German poet, dies at 50

1635-08-07

Friedrich von Spee, German writer (b. 1591)

1637-02-15

Ferdinand II, King of Bohemia/Hun/German Emperor (1619-37), dies at 58

1637-08-10

Johann Gerhard, German Lutheran leader (b. 1582)

1638-08-12

Johannes Althusius, [Althaut], German lawyer, dies at about 81

1638-11-08

Johann H Alsted, German theologist/philosopher, dies at 50

1639-06-01

Melchior Franck, German composer

1639-07-18

Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar, German prince and general (b. 1604)

1639-08-20

Martin Opitz, German poet/historian (Troerinnen), dies at 41

1646-01-06

Elias Hill, German architect of Augsburg, dies at 72

1649-03-19

Gerhard Johann Vossius, German classical scholar and theologian (b. 1577)

1649-11-19

Caspar Schoppe, German scholar (b. 1576)

1650-07-18

Christoph Scheiner, German astronomer, dies at 74

1651-10-06

Heinrich Albert, German composer (Arien oder Melodien), dies at 47

1654-03-24

Samuel Scheidt, German composer (Concertus sacri), dies at 66

1654-06-27

Johann V Andreae, German vicar/writer (Christenburg), dies at 67

1656-07-27

Salomo Glassius, German theologian (b. 1593)

1656-10-02

Stephan Otto, German composer, dies at 53

1657-04-02

Ferdinand III, King of Hungarian/Bohemia/German Emperor, dies at 48

1658-09-22

Georg Philipp Harsdorffer, German poet (b. 1607)

1659-04-15

Simon Dach, German poet, dies

1660-09-08

Daniel von Czepko, German poet, dies at 54

1661-02-02

Lucas Holstenius, German humanist (b. 1596)

1661-10-26

Johann B Schup, [Schuppius], German poet/historian/vicar, dies

1662-04-04

Leonhart Kern, German sculptor, dies at about 73

1663-02-19

Adam Adami, German bishop and diplomat (b. 1603)

1663-07-07

Thomas Baltzar, German violinist

1665-01-31

Johannes Clauberg, German theologian and philosopher (b. 1622)

1666-05-22

Gaspar Schott, German scientist (b. 1608)

1666-06-30

Adam Krieger, German composer, dies at 32

1666-08-15

Johann A Schall von Bell, German missionary/astronomer, dies

1666-08-30

Benedictus Carpzovius, [Benedikt Carpzov], German lawyer, dies

1667-05-07

Johann Jakob Froberger, German organist/singer/composer, dies at 50

1668-06-20

Heinrich Roth, German Sanskrit scholar (b. 1620)

1669-11-05

John Coccejus, German/Neth reformed theologist, dies at about 66

1670-03-10

Johann Rudolf Glauber, German chemist (b. 1604)

1671-12-28

Johann Friedrich Gronovius, German classical scholar (b. 1611)

1674-02-24

Matthias Weckmann, German composer (b. 1616)

1674-03-06

Johann Paul Schor, German barok painter, dies at 58

1675-08-12

Karl Rabenhaupt, German/Neth baron of Sucha/army leader, dies at 73

1676-06-07

Paul Gerhardt, German hymnist (b. 1606)

1676-10-25

Justus G Schottel [Schottelius], German linguistic/poet, dies at 64

1677-07-09

Angelus Silesius [Johann Scheffer], German medical/mystic poet, dies

1680-05-31

Joachim Neander, German clergyman (b. 1650)

1680-11-27

Athanasius Kircher, German Jesuit/inventor (lantern), dies

1686-05-21

(N. S.) Otto von Guericke, German scientist (b. 1602)

1686-11-11

Otto von Guericke, German scientist, inventor, and politician (b. 1602)

1688-05-22

Johann A Quenstedt, German Lutherian theologist, dies at 70

1689-11-13

Philipp von Zesen, German poet (Bescheibung of Amsterdam), dies at 70

1689-11-26

Marquard Gude, German archaeologist (b. February 1, 1635)

1691-07-30

Daniel Georg Morhof, German writer and scholar (b. 1639)

1692-11-14

Christoph Bernhard, German composer, dies at 64

1692-11-19

Georg F von Waldeck, German commander-in-chief (Colors), dies

1692-12-18

Veit Ludwig von Seckendorff, German statesman (b. 1626)

1693-02-13

Johann Kaspar von Kerll, German composer, dies at 65

1694-05-17

Johann Michael Bach, German composer, dies at 46

1694-10-16

Samuel Freiherr von Pufendorf, German lawyer, dies at 62

1701-02-15

Adam Drese, German composer, dies at 80

1702-06-15

Georg E Rumphius, German nature explorer, dies

1703-01-11

Johann Georg Graevius, German classical scholar and critic (b. 1632)

1703-03-20

Johann Kunckel/Kunkel, German alchemist/ambassador to Sweden, dies

1703-03-31

Johann Christoph Bach, German composer (b. 1642)

1704-02-23

Georg Muffat, French/German organist/composer, dies at 50

1704-04-08

Hiob Ludolf, German orientalist (b. 1624)

1704-11-04

Andreas Acoluthus, German orientalist (b. 1654)

1705-02-05

Philipp Jakob Spener, German theologian (b. 1635)

1706-03-01

Heino Heinrich Graf von Flemming, German field marshal and Governor of Berlin (b. 1632)

1706-03-09

Johann Pachelbel, German organist/composer, dies at 52

1706-12-03

Emilie Juliane of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, German countess and hymn writer (b. 1637)

1707-05-09

Dietrich Buxtehude, German organist/composer, dies at about 69

1707-06-24

Kaspar von Stieler, German linguist/poet, dies at 74

1708-10-11

Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus, German mathematician (b. 1651)

1709-12-01

Abraham a Sancta Clara, [Johann Megerle], German court preacher and friar, dies at 65

1710-01-21

Johann Georg Gichtel, German mystic (b. 1638)

1711-11-03

John Ernest Grabe, German-born Anglican theologian (b. 1666)

1711-12-17

Arnold Moonen, vicar/literature (Defeated German Spraekkunst), dies

1714-03-27

Anton Ulrich, German duke of Brunswick/poet, dies at 80

1715-12-15

George Hickes, English linguist (Old German Philology), dies at 73

1716-11-02

Engelbert Kaempfer, German physician and traveler (b. 1651)

1716-11-14

Gottfried W Leibniz, German philosopher/theologist, dies at 70

1719-08-19

Karl H Freiherr von Canstein, German lawyer, dies at 52

1719-09-21

Johann Heinrich Acker, German writer (b. 1647)

1721-09-07

Bernhard Albinus, [Weiss], German artist (Frederik of Prussia), dies

1721-09-11

Rudolph J Camerarius, German physician (sexuality plans), dies

1722-04-22

Pieter Erberfeld, German/Thais merchant on Java, dies

1722-11-24

Johann Adam Reincken, German organist/composer, dies at 99

1722-12-08

Elisabeth C "Liselotte" van Palts, German/French duchess, dies at 70

1724-06-24

Johann Theile, German composer (Adam und Eva), dies at 77

1727-06-08

August Hermann Francke, German Protestant minister (b. 1663)

1727-06-10

George Ludwig, German monarch of Hannover/king of England, dies at 67

1727-09-17

Glückel of Hameln, German businesswoman (b. 1647)

1728-02-12

Agostino Steffani, Italian/German diplomat/composer, dies at 73

1728-09-23

Christian Thomasius, German jurist (b. 1655)

1729-08-15

Benjamin Neukirch, German poet (Herrn von Hofmannswaldau), dies at 64

1731-05-01

Johann Ludwig Bach, German composer (b. 1677)

1732-03-20

Johann Ernst Hanxleden, German philologist (b. 1681)

1733-05-18

Georg Bohm, German organist/composer, dies at 71

1734-05-24

Georg Ernst Stahl, German physician and chemist (b. 1660)

1736-04-30

Johann Albert Fabricius, German classical scholar and bibliographer (b. 1668)

1737-01-17

Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann, German architect (b. 1662)

1738-02-05

Georg Reidel, German composer, dies at 61

1738-03-16

George Bähr, German architect (Frauenkirche, Dresden), dies at 72

1740-10-05

Johann Philipp Baratier, German scholar (b. 1721)

1741-05-25

Daniel Ernst Jablonski, German theologian (b. 1660)

1741-08-31

Johann Gottlieb Heineccius, German jurist (b. 1681)

1742-09-24

Johann Matthias Hase, German scientist (b. 1684)

1742-11-12

Friedrich Hoffmann, German physician and chemist (b. 1660)

1744-07-14

Immanuel J Pyra, German poet (Temple of True Poetry), dies at 28

1745-01-20

Charles VII Albert, German emperor (1742-45), dies at 47

1746-02-28

Hermann von der Hardt, German historian (b. 1660)

1746-11-14

Georg Steller, German naturalist (b. 1709)

1747-01-16

Barthold Heinrich Brockes, German poet (b. 1680)

1747-04-02

Johann J Dillenius, German botanist, dies at 63

1748-03-23

Johann Gottfried Walther, German composer/musicologist, dies at 63

1748-12-11

Ewald G von Kleist, German lawyer/inventor of condensator, dies at 55

1750-06-02

Johann Valentin Rathgeber, German composer, dies at 68

1750-07-28

Johann Sebastian Bach, German composer (Art of the Fugue), dies at 65

1751-03-21

Johann Heinrich Zedler, German publisher (b. 1706)

1752-11-05

Carl Andreas Duker, German classical scholar (b. 1670)

1753-08-19

[Johann] Balthasar Neumann, German architect, dies at 66

1754-04-09

Christian von Wolff, German philosopher, dies at 75

1754-10-28

Friedrich von Hagedorn, German poet (b. 1708)

1755-09-09

Johann Lorenz von Mosheim, German historian (b. 1694)

1755-10-04

Samuel von Cocceji, German lawyer, dies

1755-11-25

Johann Georg Pisendel, German violist/composer, dies at 76

1756-04-13

Johann T Gottlieb Goldberg, German klavecinist/composer, dies at 29

1756-12-11

Theodor A Freiherr von Neuhoff, German adventurer/king, dies

1758-01-01

Johann F von Cronegk, German playwright (Codrus), dies at 26

1758-03-02

Johann Baptist Zimmermann, German stucco worker, buried at 78

1759-07-25

Johann C Altnikol, German organist/klavecinist/composer, dies at 39

1759-08-08

Karl Heinrich Graun, German composer, dies at 55

1759-08-24

Ewald C von Kleist, German poet, dies at 44

1760-05-09

Nicolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf und Pottendorf, Austrian born German religious and social reformer, dies at 59

1761-08-03

Johann Matthias Gesner, German classical scholar (b. 1691)

1762-02-20

Tobias Mayer, German astronomer (b. 1723)

1762-03-04

Johannes Zick, German fresco painter (b. 1702)

1762-05-26

Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, German philosopher (b. 1714)

1762-07-20

Christoph Nichelsmann, German klavecinist/composer, dies

1763-01-11

Caspar Abel, German theologian, historian, and poet (b. 1676)

1763-10-28

Heinrich, count von Brühl, German statesman (b. 1700)

1763-11-23

Friedrich Graf von Seckendorf, German soldier (b. 1673)

1764-04-17

Johann Mattheson, German composer/musicologist, dies at 82

1764-05-10

Picander, [Christian Henrici], German writer (Die Weiberprobe), dies

1764-07-17

Johann Mattheson, German composer, dies at 82

1764-11-20

Christian Goldbach, German mathematician, dies

1766-11-16

Dominikus Zimmermann, German architect/painter, dies at 81

1766-12-12

Johann Christoph Gottsched, German writer (b. 1700)

1767-01-22

Johann Gottlob Lehmann, German minterologist and geologist (b. 1719)

1767-06-25

Georg Philipp Telemann, German late-barok composer, dies at 86

1768-03-01

Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and writer (b. 1694)

1768-05-27

Johann M Fleischmann, German/Dutch stamp/letter designer, dies

1768-06-08

Johann J Winckelmann, German archaeologist, dies at 50

1769-04-03

Gerhard Tersteegen, German evangelist/poet (in blood), dies at 71

1770-09-09

Bernard S Albinus, [Weiss], German surgeon/anatomist, dies at 73

1770-09-09

Georg D Ehret, German/English cartoonist, dies at 62

1770-12-10

Theophil "Gottlieb" Muffat, German court organist/composer, dies at 80

1771-02-08

Augusta von Saxen-Gotha, German prince Frederick Louis of Wales, dies

1771-11-13

Conrad E Ackermann, German actor/theater director, dies at 61

1772-05-01

Gottfried Achenwall, German lawyer/statistics/economist, dies at 52

1772-06-18

Johann Ulrich von Cramer, German judge and philosopher (b. 1706)

1773-07-12

Johann Joachim Quantz, German royal flautist/composer, dies at 76

1773-10-21

Johann Conrad Schlaun, German barok architect, dies at 78

1774-08-14

Johann Jakob Reiske, German physician (b. 1716)

1774-12-02

Johann Friedrich Agricola, German (court)composer/organist, dies at 54

1774-12-13

Susanne K von Klettenberg, German friend of Goethes mother, dies at 50

1775-02-05

Eusebius Amort, German Catholic theologian (b. 1692)

1775-06-23

Karl Ludwig, Freiherr von Pöllnitz, German adventurer and writer (b. 1692)

1775-10-18

Christian August Crusius, German philosopher and theologian (b. 1715)

1776-04-19

Jacob Israel Emden, [Jacob ben Tswi], German rabbi, dies at 78

1776-04-22

Johann Adolph Scheibe, German music theroist/composer, dies at 67

1777-06-22

Josef Christian, German sculptor, dies at 71

1777-10-05

Ján Andrej Segner, Slovak and German mathematician, physicist, and physician (b. 1704)

1778-06-16

Konrad Ekhof, German actor (b. 1720)

1779-02-24

Paul Daniel Longolius, German encylopedist (b. 1704)

1779-06-29

Anton R Mengs, German writer/neo-classic painter Madrid, dies at 51

1780-02-17

Andreas Felix von Oefele, German historian and librarian (b. 1706)

1781-07-29

Johann Kies, German astronomer and mathematician (b. 1713)

1781-11-04

Johann Nikolaus Götz, German poet (b. 1721)

1782-01-01

Johann Christian Bach, German composer/Mozarts tutor, dies at 46

1782-02-10

Friedrich Christoph Oetinger, German theologian (b. 1702)

1783-07-27

Johann Philipp Kirnberger, German music theroist/violist, dies at 62

1784-04-30

Franz K earl von Velbruck, German free mason, dies

1784-07-15

Johan B Straub, South German sculptor, dies

1786-01-04

Mozes Mendelssohn, Jewish/German philosopher (Haksalah), dies at 56

1787-06-20

Carl Friedrich Abel, German/British viola player/composer, dies at 63

1787-10-07

Henry Muhlenberg, German-born founder of the U.S. Lutheran Church (b. 1711)

1788-02-21

Johann Georg Palitzsch, German astronomer (b. 1723)

1788-12-14

Carl Phillip Emanuel Bach, German composer, dies at 74

1790-01-02

Joseph A Feuchtmayer (Feichtmayer), German rococo sculptor, dies

1790-07-25

Johann Bernhard Basedow, German education reformer (b. 1723)

1790-09-02

Johann N von Hontheim, German religious historian/Bishop, dies

1791-03-14

Johann Salomo Semler, German historian and Bible commentator (b. 1725)

1792-04-23

Karl Friedrich Bahrdt, German theologian and adventurer (b. 1741)

1792-10-28

Paul Möhring, German physician and scientist (b. 1710)

1793-12-23

Johann Adolph Hasse, German composer (b. 1699)

1794-01-08

Justus Möser, German statesman (b. 1720)

1794-01-10

Georg Forster, German scientist and revolutionary (d. 1754)

1796-05-12

Johann P Uz, German poet (Theodicee), dies at 75

1797-02-22

Karl Friedrich Hieronymus Freiherr von Münchhausen, German officer and adventurer (b. 1720)

1798-01-20

Christian Cannabich, German composer/royal chaplain master, dies at 66

1798-01-26

Christian Gottlob Neefe, German organist/composer, dies at 49

1798-02-13

Wilhelm H Wackenroder, German writer (Fantasies of Art), dies at 24

1798-04-11

Karl Wilhelm Ramler, German poet (b. 1725)

1798-04-29

Nikolaus Poda von Neuhaus, German entomologist (b. 1723)

1798-11-30

Friedrich Fleischmann, German composer, dies at 32

1798-12-09

Johann Reinhold Forster, German botanist (b. 1729)

1799-02-24

Georg C Lichtenberg, German physicist/writer, dies at 56

1800-06-10

Johann Abraham Peter Schulz, German composer, dies at 53

1800-06-20

Abraham Gotthelf Kästner, German mathematician (b. 1719)

1801-10-23

Johann Gottlieb Naumann, German composer, dies at 60

1802-06-28

Johann J Angel, German author/director, dies at 60

1802-08-10

Aepinus, [Franz UT Hoch], German physician/physicist, dies at 77

1803-03-14

Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, German poet, dies at 78

1803-12-18

Johann G von Herder, German philosopher/theologist/poet, dies at 59

1804-02-12

Immanuel Kant, German philosopher (Zum ewigen Frieden), dies at 79

1805-05-09

Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller, German poet/playwright, dies at 45

1805-07-09

Georg W "Franz" Panzer, German vicar/librarian, dies at 76

1806-09-10

Johann C Adelung, German translator/librarian, dies at 74

1806-11-12

Josef Gottlieb Kölreuter, German Botanist who pioneered the study of plant hybrids, dies at 73

1807-02-18

August G Meissner, German estheticus/literary, dies at 53

1807-08-15

Johann N Tetens, German/Danish philosopher/mathematician, dies at 70

1807-12-19

Friedrich Melchior, baron von Grimm, German writer (b. 1723)

1808-05-18

Jacob Albright, [Albrecht], German/US preacher, dies at 49

1809-09-07

Caroline Schelling, [Michaelis], German author and academic dies at 46

1810-11-11

Johann/John Zoffany, German painter (Tribuna degl' Uffizi), dies at 77

1811-09-08

Peter S Pallas, German geologist/zoologist, dies at 69

1811-11-21

Heinrich W von Kleist, German playwright, dies at 34

1812-04-11

Gottlieb Schick, German painter (Opfer Noachs), dies at 35

1812-06-16

Franz Pforr, German painter/cartoonist (Lukasbund), dies at 23

1812-07-14

Christian G Heyne, German archaeologist, dies at 82

1813-08-26

Karl Theodor Korner, German poet (Vetter aus Bremen), dies at 21

1814-01-29

Johann G Fichte, German philosopher (Wissenschaftslehre), dies at 51

1816-04-28

Johann Heinrich Abicht, German philosopher (b. 1862)

1816-08-09

Johann August Apel, German jurist and writer (b. 1771)

1817-01-01

Martin H Klaproth, German chemist (uranium), dies at 73

1817-04-02

Johann Heinrich Jung, German author (b. 1740)

1817-06-30

Abraham Gottlob Werner, German geologist

1817-12-11

Max von Schenkendorf, German poet, dies at 34

1818-06-29

Carl P Fohr, German painter/cartoonist, dies at 22

1818-10-22

Joachim H Campe, German theory/author, dies at 72

1819-12-05

Friedrich Leopold Graf zu Stolberg, German poet (b. 1750)

1820-01-25

Joseph F Weigl, German/Austria violin cellist, dies at 79

1820-02-29

Johann Joachim Eschenburg, German literary critic (b. 1743)

1821-02-21

Georg Friedrich von Martens, German diplomat (b. 1756)

1821-04-20

Franz K Achard, German physicist/chemist, dies at 67

1821-11-10

Andreas J Romberg, German violinist/composer (Der Rabe), dies at 54

1822-01-14

Franz Innocenz Joseph Kobell, German landscape painter, dies at 72

1822-04-25

Frederick "William" Herschel, German/British astronomer, dies at 83

1822-06-25

Ernst T Amadeus Hoffmann, German writer/judge/composer, dies at 46

1822-08-25

F William Herschel, German astronomer (discovered Uranus), dies at 85

1822-11-19

Johann Georg Tralles, German mathematician and physicist (b. 1763)

1823-01-17

Zacharius Werner, German playwright, dies at 36

1824-02-09

Anna K Emmerick/Emmerich, German poet, dies at 49

1825-04-21

Johann Friedrich Pfaff, German mathemattician (b. 1765)

1825-06-13

Johan Peter Melchior, German sculptor, dies at 82

1826-03-01

J J Friedrich Weinbrenner, German architect/archaeologist, dies at 59

1826-06-07

Joseph von Fraunhofer, German physicist (b. 1787)

1827-03-26

Ludwig van Beethoven, German composer (Appassionata), dies at 56

1827-04-02

Ludwig Heinrich Bojanus, German physician and naturalist (b. 1776)

1827-04-03

Ernst Chladni, German physicist (b. 1756)

1827-06-26

Christian A Vulpius, German writer (Ornaldo Ornaldini), dies

1827-06-27

Johann Gottfried Eichhorn, German theologian (b. 1754)

1828-08-22

Franz Joseph Gall, German/French physician (phrenology), dies at 70

1829-01-12

Friedrich von Schlegel, German cultural philosopher/poet, dies at 56

1830-01-14

Johann G Repsold, German instrument maker, dies at 59

1830-03-02

Samuel Thomas von Sömmering, German physician (b. 1755)

1831-03-09

Friedrich M Klinger, German (stage)author (Plimplamplasko), dies at 79

1831-04-19

Johann Gottlieb Friedrich von Bohnenberger, German mathematician (b. 1765)

1831-05-13

Christian G Korner, German lawyer, dies at 74

1831-05-26

Georg Hermes, German philosopher/theologist (Hermenianen), dies

1831-12-10

Thomas Seebeck, Baltic German physicist (b. 1770)

1832-02-22

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German writer, dies at 82

1832-03-12

Daniel Friedrich Kuhlau, German/Danish opera composer, dies at 45

1833-03-07

Rahel Varnhagen von Ense-Levin, German author, dies at 61

1833-12-17

Kaspar Hauser, German son of grand duke Karel of Bathe, murdered at 21

1834-02-12

Friedrich Schleiermacher, German theologist/philosopher, dies at 65

1835-11-16

Louis Angely, German comedic poet (Paris in Pommern), dies at 48

1837-02-19

Georg Büchner, German playwright (b. 1813)

1838-01-13

Ferdinand Ries, German composer dies at 53

1839-08-03

Dorothea von Schlegel, German novelist (b. 1763)

1839-09-21

Jacob Gottfried Weber, German composer, dies at 60

1840-01-22

Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, German anthropologist (b. 1752)

1840-03-02

Heinrich Olbers, German astronomer (comets & asteroids), dies at 81

1840-05-07

Caspar David Friedrich, German painter (b. 1774)

1840-07-04

Karl Ferdinand von Graefe, German surgeon who helped create modern plastic surgery dies at 53

1841-02-11

J H Ferdinand Olivier, German painter, dies at 55

1841-05-23

Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher/theologist, dies at 76

1841-08-13

Bernhard Romberg, German cellist/composer, dies

1841-10-09

Karl F Schinkel, German painter/writer (Neue Wache), dies at 60

1843-03-27

Karl Salomo Zachariae von Lingenthal, German jurist (b. 1769)

1843-06-06

Friedrich Hölderlin, German poet and dramatist (b. 1770)

1843-07-02

Samuel Hahnemann, German physician, dies at 88

1843-08-10

Jakob F Fries, German philosopher, dies

1845-02-13

Henrik Steffens, Norwegian-German philosopher (b. 1773)

1845-05-02

August Pauly, German writer (Real Encyclopedia), dies at 48

1845-05-12

August Wilhelm Schlegel, German poet/interpreter/critic, dies at 77

1846-03-17

Friedrich W Bessel, German astronomer (Bessel Functions), dies at 61

1846-05-31

Philip Marheineke, German clergyman (b. 1780)

1847-01-11

Caroline von Wolzogen [von Lengefeld], German author, dies at 83

1847-05-16

Kaspar Ett, German organist/composer, dies at 59

1847-07-01

George F Kersting, German painter, dies at 61

1847-11-04

Jacob L Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, German pianist/composer, dies at 38

1847-12-11

Moritz Grave von Strachwitz, German poet, dies at 25

1848-01-09

Caroline Herschel, German-born astronomer (b. 1750)

1848-03-03

Heinrich Olivier, German painter, dies

1848-04-04

Ludwig Leichhardt, German explorer of northern and central Australia, dies on an expedition at 34

1848-04-30

Friedrich Freiherr Gagern, German/Dutch army commandant, dies at 53

1848-05-25

Annette von Droste-Hülshoff, German writer (b. 1797)

1849-01-16

Wilhelm M L de Wette, German theologist, dies at 69

1849-11-17

Prince Alexander of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, German priest and miracle-worker (b. 1794)

1850-01-27

J Gottfried Schadow, German sculptor/cartoonist/writer, dies at 85

1850-03-27

Wilhelm Bear, German banker/astronomer (Moon Map), dies at 53

1850-07-14

August Neander, German theologian (b. 1789)

1851-02-18

Carl Gustav Jakob Jacobi, German mathematician (b. 1804)

1851-08-01

William Joseph Behr, German writer (b. 1775)

1851-08-11

Lorenz Oken, German naturalist (b. 1779)

1852-10-11

Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (b. 1823)

1852-10-22

Hans C E Freiherr von Gagern, German advisor to Dutch king, dies at 86

1853-03-04

Christian Leopold von Buch, German geologist (b. 1774)

1853-03-05

Georg A Kestner, German art collector/diplomat, dies at 75

1853-04-13

Leopold Gmelin, German chemist (b. 1788)

1854-03-06

Caspar GC Reinwardt, German/Dutch biologist, dies at 80

1854-04-11

Karl Adolph von Basedow, German DR (Ziekte van Basedow), dies at 55

1854-07-04

Karl F Eichhorn, German law historian, dies at 72

1854-07-06

Georg Ohm, German physicist and mathematician (Ohm's law), dies at 65

1854-08-20

Friedrich WJ von Schelling, German philosopher, dies at 79

1854-11-26

Matthijs Siegenbeek, literature (Defeated German Spelling), dies

1856-02-17

Heinrich Heine, German poet, dies at 58 in Paris

1856-06-11

Friedrich H von der Hagen, German germanist, dies at 76

1856-07-29

Robert A Schumann, German pianist/composer (Humoresque), dies at 46

1857-09-03

M Heinrich C Lichtenstein, German zoologist/explorer, dies at 77

1857-11-26

Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff, German poet (That Freier), dies at 69

1857-12-03

Christian D Rauch, German sculptor, dies at 80

1858-02-16

Georg F Creuzer, German philological/historian, dies at 86

1858-04-28

Johannes Peter Müller, German physiologist (b. 1801)

1858-10-10

Karl A Varnhagen von Ense, German author/poet/diplomat, dies at 73

1859-04-12

John Emde, German evangelist, dies at about 84

1859-05-05

Peter G L Dirichlet, German mathematician, dies at 53

1859-05-06

Alexander von Humboldt, German naturalist, dies at 89

1859-09-05

W Friedrich Olivier, German landscape painter, dies at 68

1859-10-04

Karl Baedeker, German tour guide (Die Schweiz), dies at 57

1859-11-22

Ludwig "Louis" Spohr, German violinist/composer (Faust), dies at 75

1860-03-06

Justus Johann Friedrich Dotzauer, German cellist and composer (b. 1783)

1860-05-14

Ludwig Bechstein, German writer (b. 1801)

1860-08-26

Philipp Friedrich Silcher, German composer, dies at 71

1860-09-21

Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher (b. 1788)

1860-11-28

Heinrich FL Rellstab, German music theorist, dies

1861-05-09

Peter Ernst von Lasaulx, German philosopher and writer (b. 1805)

1861-10-25

Friedrich C von Savigny, German lawyer, dies at 82

1862-02-21

Justinus A C Kerner, German family doctor/poet/writer, dies at 75

1862-03-19

F Wilhelm von Schadow, German painter (Modern Vasari), dies at 73

1862-03-23

Karl Robert von Nesselrode, German chancellor, dies at 81

1862-07-05

Heinrich Georg Bronn, German geologist (b. 1800)

1862-08-22

Henry Bohlen, German/US brig-general (Union), dies in battle at 51

1863-04-04

Ludwig Emil Grimm, German painter and engraver (b. 1790)

1863-10-31

Louis Ludwig Blenker, German/US brig-general (Union), dies at 51

1864-01-16

Anton Schindler, German violinist/biographer (Beethoven), dies at 68

1864-01-27

Franz von Klenze, German architect (palace Leuchtenberg), dies at 59

1865-02-10

Heinrich Lenz, German physicist (b. 1804)

1865-02-25

Otto Ludwig, German writer (Zwischen Himmel und Erde), dies at 47

1865-03-02

Carl Sylvius Völkner, German missionary to New Zealand (b. 1819)

1865-08-26

Johann F Encke, German astronomer (Comet Encke), dies at 73

1865-11-25

Heinrich Barth, German historian/geographer (Central Africa), dies

1866-07-20

G F Berhard Riemann, German mathematician (zeta-function), dies

1866-07-25

Aloys Schmitt, German music theory/composer/royal pianist, dies

1867-05-12

Friedrich William Eduard Gerhard, German archaeologist (b. 1795)

1867-08-03

Philipp August Böckh, German scholar and antiquarian (b. 1785)

1867-10-04

Francis Xavier Seelos German-American Roman Catholic priest (b. 1819)

1868-05-22

Julius Plucker, German mathematician/physicist (formula of P), dies

1868-09-26

August Ferdinand Möbius, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1790)

1868-12-06

August Schleicher, German linguist (b. 1821)

1868-12-13

Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius, German botanist (b. 1794)

1869-07-22

John A. Roebling, German-American civil engineer (Brooklyn Bridge), (b. 1806)

1869-07-28

Carl G Carus, German arts/psychologist/philosopher, dies

1870-04-04

Heinrich Gustav Magnus, German chemist and physicist (b. 1802)

1871-12-16

Willibald Alexis, German writer (Schloss Avalon), dies at 73

1872-09-13

Ludwig A Feuerbach, German philosopher (Man what he eats), dies at 68

1872-11-07

Alfred Clebsch, German mathematician (b. 1833)

1873-04-18

Justus Freiherr von Liebig, German chemist, dies at 69

1873-06-14

Friedrich von Raumer, German historian/parliamentarian, dies at 92

1873-09-20

Lulu Strauss und Torney, German poetess/writer, dies

1874-01-14

Johann Philipp Reis, German Physicist and Inventor, dies of lung disease at 40

1874-02-08

David F Strauss, German theologist, dies at 66

1874-10-26

Peter Cornelius, German composer, dies at 49

1874-12-07

Constantin von Tischendorf, German biblical scholar (b. 1815)

1875-06-04

Eduard Mörike, German poet (b. 1804)

1875-08-10

Karl (Theodor) Andree, German journalist (Globus), dies at 66

1875-08-17

Wilhelm Bleek, German linguist (b. 1827)

1875-08-31

Oskar Peschel, German geographer (Physicist Erdkunde), dies at 49

1876-05-07

Franz count of Pocci, German artist/composer (Alchemist), dies at 69

1876-06-27

Christian G Ehrenberg, German zoologist (micro-organisms), dies at 81

1876-11-28

Karl Earnest Ritter von Baer, Estonian/German embryologist, dies at 84

1877-01-24

Johann Christian Poggendorff, German physicist (b. 1796)

1877-07-13

Wilhelm E Freiherr von Ketteler, German bishop of Mainz, dies at 65

1877-09-25

Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich, German Physician and advocate of scientific medicine, dies at 62

1877-09-26

Hermann Grassmann, German mathematician and physicist (b. 1809)

1878-03-20

Julius Robert von Mayer, German physician and physicist (b. 1814)

1879-03-13

Adolf Anderssen, German world champ chess (1851..66), dies at 60

1879-04-04

Heinrich Wilhelm Dove, German physicist (b. 1803)

1879-05-15

Gottfried Semper, German architect (b. 1803)

1879-08-08

Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher (b. 1797)

1879-09-14

Bernhard von Cotta, German geologist (b. 1808)

1880-01-04

Anselm Feuerbach, German painter, dies

1880-05-22

Heinrich WA Freiherr von Gagern, German liberal politician, dies at 80

1880-10-05

Jacques Offenbach, German-born composer (b. 1819)

1881-03-24

Friedrich Hecker, German revolutionary republic politician, dies at 69

1881-04-26

Ludwig Freiherr von und zu der Tann-Rathsamhausen, German general (b. 1815)

1881-05-26

Jakob Bernays, German philologist (b. 1824)

1881-07-10

Georg Hermann Nicolai, German architect (b. 1812)

1881-11-25

Theobald Boehm, German inventor of the modern flute (b. 1794)

1882-01-11

Theodor Schwann, German physiologist (b. 1810)

1882-01-13

Wilhelm Mauser, German weapon designer and manufacturer (b. 1834)

1882-04-13

Bruno Bauer, German theologian (b. 1809)

1882-06-03

Christian Wilberg, German painter (b. 1839)

1882-06-24

Joseph Joachim Raff, German opera composer (Cavatine), dies at 60

1882-06-30

Alberto Henschel, German-Brazilian photographer and businessman (b. 1827)

1883-01-24

Friedrich von Flotow, German baron/composer, dies at 70

1883-03-14

Karl Marx, German philosopher (Communist Manifesto), dies at 64

1883-11-18

Wilhelm Siemens, German/British physicist (steam engine), dies

1884-01-17

Hermann Schlegel, German ornithologist (b. 1804)

1884-11-11

Alfred Brehm German zoologist (b. 1827)

1885-03-31

Franz W Abbot, German composer/choir conductor, dies at 65

1885-04-07

Carl Theodor Ernst von Siebold, German physiologist (b. 1804)

1885-05-11

Ferdinand Hiller, German pianist/composer/conductor, dies at 73

1885-05-13

Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, German physician (b. 1809)

1885-06-16

Wilhelm Camphausen, German painter (b. 1818)

1885-07-01

Hermann von Fehling, German chemist (Fehling's reagens), dies at 73

1885-08-12

Georg Curtius, German classical/linguist/philologist, dies at 65

1886-03-18

Leopold Zunz, German intellect (Synagogue Poetry), dies at 91

1886-04-09

Joseph V von Scheffel, German writer (Ekkehard), dies at 60

1886-05-05

Joseph Albert, German photographer (Albertotype), dies at 61

1886-05-23

Leopold von Ranke, German historian (b. 1795)

1886-08-06

Wilhelm Scherer, German literature historian, dies at 45

1886-10-18

Philipp Franz von Siebold, German physician (b. 1796)

1887-03-02

August W Eichler, German botanist, dies at 47

1887-07-05

August F Pott, German philological (That Personennamen), dies

1887-09-14

Friedrich T Vischer, German philosopher/writer (Auch einer), dies

1887-09-29

Bernhard von Langenbeck, German surgeon (b. 1810)

1887-10-17

Gustav R Kirchhoff, German physicist (spectroscopy), dies at 63

1887-11-18

Gustav T Fechner, German psychologist/physicist, dies at 86

1887-11-18

Heinrich Panofka, German violist/composer, dies at 80

1888-03-09

William I, German Emperor (b. 1797)

1888-06-20

John H Zuckertort, German chess player, dies at 45

1888-07-04

Theodor Storm, German judge/author (Schimmelreiter), dies at 70

1888-07-21

Matthias J Scheeben, German theologist (Natur und Gnade), dies at 53

1888-08-24

Rudolph J E Clausius, German physicist (thermodynamics), dies

1888-12-03

Carl Zeiss, German lens maker (b. 1816)

1888-12-31

Samson Raphael Hirsch, German rabbi (b. 1808)

1889-08-17

Ernst Franck, German composer/conductor, dies at 42

1889-12-21

Friedrich August von Quenstedt, German geologist (b. 1809)

1890-10-03

Joseph Hergenröther, German historian (b. 1824)

1890-12-26

Heinrich Schliemann, German archaeologist (Trojan War), dies at 86

1891-01-26

Nicholaus Otto, German auto pioneer (internal combustion engine), dies. (b. 1833)

1891-06-23

Wilhelm Eduard Weber, German physicist (b. 1804)

1891-12-29

Leopold Kronecker, German mathematician, dies at 68

1892-01-07

Ernst Wilhelm von Brücke, German Physician and Physiologist, dies at 72

1892-02-20

Hermann Kopp, German chemist (Law of Kopp), dies at 74

1892-02-22

Herman Koeckemann, German Catholic prelate (b. 1828)

1892-05-05

August Wilhelm von Hofmann, German chemist (b. 1818)

1892-10-23

Mehemed Emin Pasja, German explorer, murdered at 52

1892-12-06

E Werner von Siemens, German industrialist (Siemens AG), dies at 75

1893-05-14

Earnest E Kummer, German mathematician (surface of Kummer), dies at 83

1893-11-30

Jacobus J Backer, German sea historian, dies at 68

1893-12-22

Johann Czerski, German chaplain, dies at 80

1894-01-01

Heinrich Rudolf Hertz, German physicist (b. 1857)

1894-02-12

Hans von Bülow, German pianist and composer (b. 1830)

1894-04-11

Constantin Lipsius, German architect (b. 1832)

1894-05-08

Klara Fey, German orch leaser (Die Kleinen Betrachtungen), dies at 79

1894-05-21

August A Kundt, German physicist, (test of Kundt), dies at 54

1894-06-03

Karl Eduard Zachariae, German expert on Byzantine Law (b. 1812)

1894-09-08

Hermann von Helmholtz, German physician (b. 1821)

1895-02-18

Karl Abs, German professional wrestler (b. 1851)

1895-04-11

Julius Lothar Meyer, German Chemist, dies at 64

1895-04-23

Carl Ludwig, German physician (b. 1815)

1895-05-23

Franz E Neumann, German mineralogist/physicist, dies at 96

1895-08-05

Friedrich English, German textile manufacturer/marxist, dies

1895-08-13

Christian B Freiherr von Tauchnitz, German publisher (T Edition), dies

1895-09-08

Adam Opel, German manufacturer (motorcars), dies at 58

1896-01-04

Joseph Hubert Reinkens, German Old Catholic bishop (b. 1821)

1896-01-20

Heinrich M von Battenberg, German son-in-law of Victoria, dies at 37

1896-04-28

Heinrich von Treitschke, German historian, dies

1896-06-02

Gerhard Rohlfs, German explorer (Abbsynia/Ethiopia), dies

1896-07-11

Ernst Curtius, German archaeologist/historian (Olympia), dies at 81

1896-07-13

Friedrich August Kekulé von Stradonitz, German chemist (b. 1829)

1896-08-10

Otto Lilienthal, German aircraft pioneer, dies

1896-11-26

Emil du Bois-Reymond, German physician (b. 1818)

1896-12-08

Earnest Angel, German statistician (Law of Angel), dies at 75

1897-02-19

Karl T Weierstrass, German mathematician, dies at 81

1897-04-03

Johannes Brahms, German composer/conductor (Hung Dances), dies at 63

1897-07-16

Levin Goldschmidt, German business law expert, dies

1897-08-13

Antonius von der Linde, Neth/German librarian, dies at 63

1897-09-21

Wilhelm Wattenbach, German historian (b. 1819)

1898-06-25

Ferdinand J Cohn, German botanist/publicist, dies at 70

1898-07-30

Otto Von Bismarck, German "Iron" chancellor, dies at 83

1898-09-20

Theodor Fontane, German author (Der Stechlin), dies at 78

1898-09-25

Hieronymus Theodor Richter, German Mineralogist and co-discoverer of the element indium, dies at 73

1899-02-06

Georg Leo earl von Caprivi, German chancellor, dies at 67

1899-04-20

Joseph Wolf, German artist (b. 1820)

1899-04-21

Heinrich Kiepert, German cartographer/geographer, dies at 80

1899-05-01

Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician (b. 1824)

1899-08-16

Robert Wilhelm Bunsen, German chemist (b. 1811)

1899-10-28

Ottmar Mergenthaler, German-born inventor (tuberculosis) (b. 1854)

1900-08-06

Wilhelm Liebknecht, German journalist/socialist, dies at 74

1900-08-25

Friedrich Nietzsche, German Philosopher, dies at 55

1900-10-28

Max Müller, German-born orientalist (b. 1823)

1901-03-08

Karl Freiherr von Stumm-Halberg, German politician, dies at 64

1901-03-17

Franz Melde, German physicist (Melde Test), dies at 69

1901-06-16

Hermann Grimm, German writer/poet/historian, dies

1901-11-25

Josef Gabriel Rheinberger, German composer/music theorist, dies at 62

1902-02-10

J N Krieger, German Selenographer, dies

1902-03-12

John Peter Altgeld, German/US governor of Illinois, dies at 54

1902-06-10

Auguste Schmidt, German teacher/feminist, dies at 68

1902-06-16

Ernst Schröder, German mathematician (b. 1841)

1902-08-31

Mathilde Wesendonk, German author/poetess, dies at 73

1902-09-05

Rudolf Virchow, German pathologist and politician, dies at 80

1902-12-11

Matthias Hohner, German manufacturer (harmonica), dies at 68

1903-09-18

Theodore Furchtegott Kirchner, German composer, dies at 79

1903-10-07

Rudolf Lipschitz, German mathematician (b. 1832)

1903-11-01

[Christian M] Theodor Mommsen, German historian (Nobel 1902), dies

1903-11-13

Wilhelm von Polenz, German author (Country of Zukunft), dies

1904-01-05

Karl A von Zittel, German geologist/paleontologist (Libya), dies at 64

1904-04-16

Maximilian Kronberger, German poet (b. 1888)

1904-04-24

Friedrich Siemens, German industrial, dies at 77

1904-05-06

Franz von Lenbach, German painter, dies at 67

1904-08-09

Friedrich Ratzel, German social-geographer (Lebensraum), dies at 59

1904-09-18

Herbert von Bismarck, German politician/son of Otto, dies

1905-01-14

Ernst Abbe, German physicist (Carl Zeiss Optics Company), dies at 64

1905-02-01

Oswald Aschenbach, German painter, dies at 77

1905-06-15

Hermann von Wissmann, German African expl/gov East-Africa, dies

1905-06-16

Hermann von Wissmann, German explorer/governor of E Africa, dies at 51

1905-08-21

Jules Oppert, German Assyriologist (decodes characters), dies at 80

1905-09-21

Rudolf Baumbach, writer of German student drinking songs, dies at 64

1905-10-06

Ferdinand von Richthofen, German geographer/explorer, dies

1906-03-10

Eugen Richter, German MP (Liberal), dies at 67

1906-05-14

Carl Schurz, German revolutionary and statesman (b. 1829)

1906-05-31

Hermann Schell, German theologist (Gott und Geist), dies at 56

1906-06-05

Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (b. 1842)

1906-06-11

Heinrich Hart, German writer (Das Lied der Menschheit), dies at 50

1906-06-22

Fritz Schaudinn, German animal scholar: examined amoebasis, dies at 34

1907-03-05

Friedrich Blass, German classical scholar (b. 1843)

1907-07-06

August Johann Gottfried Bielenstein, German Linguist, Theologian (b. 1826)

1907-08-15

Joseph Joachim, German violinist/composer, dies at 76

1907-12-21

Oskar Lassar, German dermatologist (public baths), dies at 58

1908-02-23

Johannes Friedrich August von Esmarch, German surgeon (b. 1823)

1908-06-11

Georg Adler, German statehouse head, dies at 45

1909-01-12

Hermann Minkowski, German mathematician (b. 1864)

1909-01-15

Ernest von Wildenbruch, German playwright (Das Edle Blut), dies at 63

1909-01-22

Richard A C E Erlenmeyer, German chemist, dies at 83

1909-02-02

Adolf Stoecker, German anti-semite/prime minister, dies at 73

1909-05-05

Pauline Staegeman, German feminist, dies

1909-05-08

Friedrich von Holstein, German diplomat, dies

1909-06-22

Detlev [Freiherr Friedrich A von] Liliencron, German poet, dies at 65

1909-11-02