History Hop Tags - Soviet Union

Soviet Union
Soviet Union - Notable Historical Events

Leon TrotskyJan 10, 1928

Nikita KhrushchevSep 14, 1953

Aleksandr SolzhenitsynDec 28, 1973

Mikhail GorbachevOct 1, 1988

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Soviet Union - Historical Events
Date Event
1895-05-07

In Saint Petersburg, Russian scientist Alexander Stepanovich Popov demonstrates to the Russian Physical and Chemical Society his invention - the world's first radio receiver. In the former Soviet Union the anniversary of this day is celebrated as Radio Day.

1920-08-11

1st peace of Riga-Soviet Union recognizes Independence of Latvia

1920-10-14

Part of Petsamo province ceded by Soviet Union to Finland

1922-04-16

German-Russia treaty signed in Italy, Soviet Union recognized

1922-12-30

Soviet Union organized as a federation of RSFSR, Ukrainian SSR, Belorussian SSR & Transcaucasian SSR

1924-02-01

Ramsay MacDonald's incoming Labour government formally recognizes the Soviet Union

1924-08-28

Georgian opposition stages the August Uprising against the Soviet Union.

1924-10-27

The Uzbek SSR is founded in the Soviet Union.

1925-02-25

The diplomatic relations between Japan and the Soviet Union were established.

1925-11-06

British secret agent Sidney Reilly ('Ace of Spies') is executed by the OGPU, the secret police of the Soviet Union.

1928-01-10

Soviet Union orders exile of Leon Trotsky

1928-08-13

Soviet Union Spartacan Games begins

1931-03-11

Ready for Labour and Defence of the USSR, abbreviated as GTO, is introduced in the Soviet Union.

1932-10-19

British government signs trade agreement with Soviet Union

1932-11-29

France signs non-agression pact with Soviet Union

1933-08-17

Soviet Union test GIRD-R1 rocket ("Object 09")

1933-09-03

Yevgeniy Abalakov reaches the highest point of the Soviet Union - Communism Peak (7495 m).

1933-11-17

United States recognizes Soviet Union, opens trade

1935-07-12

Belgium recognizes Soviet Union

1935-10-22

Establishment of the rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union.

1935-12-28

Pravda publishes a letter by Pavel Postyshev, who revives New Year tree tradition in the Soviet Union.

1936-12-05

Armenian SSR, Azerbaijan SSR, Georgian SSR, Kazakh SSR & Kirghiz SSR becomes constituent republics of Soviet Union

1938-03-02

Trials of Soviet leaders begins in the Soviet Union

1939-09-17

Soviet Union invades Poland during WW II

1939-12-14

Soviet Union attacks Finland-League of Nations drops Soviet Union

1940-06-28

Romania cedes Bessarabia to Soviet Union

1940-07-21

Soviet Union annexes Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania

1940-08-25

Lithuania, Latvia & Estonia incorporated into Soviet Union

1941-06-22

Germany attacks the Soviet Union & occupies the Baltic states

1941-06-22

Germany, Italy & Romania declare war on Soviet Union

1941-06-25

Finland declares war on Soviet Union

1941-09-29

Nazi mass murder at Babi Jar, Soviet Union

1941-11-06

USA lends Soviet Union $1 million

1942-07-10

Netherland's government in exile (London) recognizes Soviet Union

1942-10-29

Nazis murder 16,000 Jews in Pinsk, Soviet Union

1943-04-27

Soviet Union breaks contact with Polish government exiled in London

1943-12-28

All Kalmyk inhabitants of of the Russian Republic of Kalmukkie deported by the Soviet Union to Central Asia and Siberia. Many die on route

1944-04-13

The diplomatic relations between New Zealand and the Soviet Union are established.

1944-05-18

Expulsion of more than 200,000 Tartars from Crimea by Soviet Union begins, they are accused of collaborating with the Germans

1944-06-22

Opening day of the Soviet Union's Operation Bagration against Army Group Centre.

1944-09-19

Armistice between Finland and Soviet Union is signed. (End of the Continuation War).

1945-04-02

Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Brazil are established.

1945-04-18

Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Bolivia are established.

1945-04-19

The diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Guatemala are established.

1945-05-09

World War II: The Soviet Union marks Victory Day.

1945-06-29

Ruthenia, formerly in Czechoslovakia, annexed by Soviet Union, becomes Ukrainian SSR

1946-03-12

Part of Petsamo province ceded by Soviet Union to Finland

1947-02-10

Province of Petsamo returned to Soviet Union by Finland

1947-07-03

Soviet Union doesn't participate in Marshall Plan

1947-07-06

The AK-47 goes into production in the Soviet Union.

1948-05-17

Soviet Union recognized Israel

1948-06-24

Soviet Union begins Berlin Blockade

1953-08-12

Soviet Union conducts secret test of its 1st hydrogen bomb

1953-09-14

Nikita Khrushchev appointed First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, succeeding Malenkov

1955-05-14

Warsaw Pact is signed by the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland & Romania

1957-10-30

Soviet Union launches Sputnik II, carrying a dog named Laika

1959-01-28

Soviet Union wins 62-37 for 1st international basketball loss by US

1959-09-14

Soviet Union's Luna-2 is 1st spacecraft to land on the Moon

1961-02-13

Soviet Union fires a rocket from Sputnik V to Venus

1961-04-14

1st live television broadcast from Soviet Union

1961-10-30

Soviet Union tests a 58 megaton hydrogen bomb named Tsar Bomba - most powerful nuclear weapon ever detonated

1965-11-12

Venera 2 launched by Soviet Union toward Venus

1966-04-02

Soviet Union's Luna 10 becomes 1st spacecraft to orbit Moon

1969-01-15

Soyuz 5 launched by Soviet Union

1970-05-24

The drilling of the Kola Superdeep Borehole begins in the Soviet Union.

1972-12-21

Soviet Union signs a separate peace with East Germany

1973-12-28

The 'The Gulag Archipelago', a literary investigation of the police-state system in the Soviet Union written by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, is published in the original Russian in Paris

1974-02-13

Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian novelist and historian, is deported from the Soviet Union to Frankfurt, West Germany and stripped of his Soviet citizenship

1980-03-08

The first festival of rock music kicks off in the Soviet Union.

1981-11-30

Cold War: In Geneva, representatives from the United States and the Soviet Union begin to negotiate intermediate-range nuclear weapon reductions in Europe (the meetings ended inconclusively on December 17).

1984-04-11

Gen Sec Konstantin U Chernenko named pres of Soviet Union

1988-07-07

Soviet Union launches Phobos 1 to probe Martian moon (unsuccessful)

1988-10-01

Mikhail Gorbachev becomes Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet and thus head of state of the Soviet Union

1988-11-03

Soviet Union agrees to allow teaching of Hebrew

1989-01-08

Soviet Union promises to eliminate stockpiles of chemical weapons

1989-03-09

Soviet Union officially submits to jurisdiction of the World Court

1989-05-25

Mikhail Gorbachev elected Executive President in the Soviet Union

1990-01-31

The first McDonald's in the Soviet Union opens in Moscow, USSR.

1990-07-26

US beats Soviet Union 17-0 in baseball at Goodwill Games

1990-09-17

Soviet Union & Saudi Arabia restore diplomatic ties

1990-11-20

Soviet Union shows reluctance to endorse the use of force against Iraq

1991-03-19

Gorbachev says the Soviet Union will cut its oil exports by nearly half

1991-03-31

Georgian SSR votes on whether to remain in the Soviet Union

1991-06-04

Robert Strauss becomes US ambassador to Soviet Union

1991-09-21

Armenia votes on whether to remain in Soviet Union

1991-10-01

Soviet Union suspends petroleum product exports as its fuel shortages grow

1991-12-21

Soviet Union formally dissolves 11 of 12 republics sign treaty forming Commonwealth of Independent States

1992-01-01

The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic is renamed the Russian Federation, becoming the successor state to the Soviet Union.

2001-02-18

FBI agent Robert Hanssen is arrested for spying for the Soviet Union. He was ultimately convicted and sentenced to life in prison.

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Soviet Union - Notable Birthdays

Joseph StalinDec 18, 1878

KhrushchevApr 15, 1894

Mikhail GorbachevMar 2, 1931

Soviet Union - Birthdays
Date Event
1878-12-18

Joseph Stalin [Josef], Gori, Russian Empire, Premier of the Soviet Union (1941-1953), (d. 1953)

1894-04-15

Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev, Kalinovka, Dmitriyevsky Uyezd, Kursk Governorate, First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1953-64)

1897-12-02

Hovhannes Bagramyan, Marshall of the Soviet Union (d. 1982)

1906-08-01

William Hayter, Oxford, Oxfordshire, British diplomat and Ambassador to the Soviet Union (1953-1957)

1908-11-14

Harrison E Salisbury, journalist/author (50th Anniv of Soviet Union)

1918-03-18

Yevgeny Pepelyaev, Bodaybo, Irkutsk, Soviet Union, fighter pilot, (d. 2013)

1929-10-22

Lev Yashin, Soviet-Russian football goalkeeper (Soviet Union 1954-1967)

1931-03-02

Mikhail Gorbachev, Privolnoye USSR, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1985-91)

1941-06-16

Aldrich Ames, CIA officer and spy for the Soviet Union

1948-07-27

Peggy Fleming, Peggy Fleming Visits the Soviet Union

1949-08-03

Valeri Vasiliev, Gorky Soviet Union, ice hockey defenceman (2x oly gold), (d. 2012)

1957-03-11

Elena Donaldson-Akhmilovskaya, Leningrad, Soviet Union, Chess Grandmaster, (d. 2012)

Soviet Union - Notable Weddings

Joseph StalinJul 28, 1906

Soviet Union - Weddings
Date Event
1906-07-28

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin (27) weds Ekaterina Svanidze (21) at St. David's Church in Tiflis

Soviet Union - Notable Deaths

Joseph StalinMar 5, 1953

Soviet Union - Deaths
Date Event
1937-06-12

Mikhail Tukhachevsky, Marshal of the Soviet Union (b. 1893)

1953-03-05

Joseph Stalin, Premier of the Soviet Union (1941-53), dies at 73

2003-03-30

Valentin Pavlov, Prime Minister of the Soviet Union (b. 1937)

2016-06-07

Victor Korchnoi, chess grandmaster who defected from Soviet Union, dies aged 85


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