History Hop Tags - Poland

Poland
Poland - Notable Historical Events

HitlerMay 23, 1939

John Paul IIJun 2, 1979

President ReaganFeb 19, 1987

Nicolaus CopernicusMay 22, 2010

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Poland - Historical Events
Date Event
966-04-14

Christianisation of Poland

972-06-24

Battle of Cedynia, the first documented victory of Polish forces; Mieszko I of Poland decisively defeated Odo I of Lusatia

1025-04-18

Bolesław Chrobry is crowned in Gniezno, becoming the first King of Poland.

1079-04-11

Bishop Stanislaus of Krakow is executed by order of Bolesław II of Poland.

1257-06-05

Kraków, Poland, receives city rights.

1264-09-08

The Statute of Kalisz, guaranteeing Jews safety and personal liberties and giving battei din jurisdiction over Jewish matters, is promulgated by Boleslaus the Pious, Duke of Greater Poland.

1320-01-20

Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes king of Poland

1331-09-27

The Battle of Płowce between the Kingdom of Poland and the Teutonic Order is fought.

1384-10-16

Jadwiga is crowned King of Poland, although a woman.

1386-03-04

Władysław II Jagiełło (Jogaila) was crowned King of Poland.

1410-07-15

Battle of Grunwald (2nd Battle of Tannenburg), one of the largest battles of medieval Europe, during Poland-Lithuanian Teutonic War. Polish King Władysław Jagiełło (Jogaila) and Lithuanian Grand Duke Vytautas led defeat against Teutonic Ulrich von Jungingen

1454-03-06

Thirteen Years' War: Delegates of the Prussian Confederation pledge allegiance to Casimir IV of Poland, and the Polish king agrees to help in their struggle for independence from the Teutonic Knights.

1515-07-22

First Congress of Vienna settles issues between Poland & Holy Roman Empire - rise of the Habsburgs influence

1518-04-18

Bona Sforza is crowned as queen consort of Poland.

1541-12-29

Isabella of Poland & King Ferdinand of Austria sign Treaty of Gyalu

1561-11-29

Lofland subjects himself on Sigismund August II of Poland

1569-07-01

Latvia Parliament accept Union of Lublin, incorporate into Poland

1573-01-28

Articles of Warsaw Confederation are signed, sanctioning freedom of religion in Poland.

1574-06-18

Polish King Hendrik of Anjou secretly leaves Poland

1575-12-14

Polish Parliament selects Istvan Bathory as king of Poland

1582-01-15

Russia cedes Livonia & Estonia to Poland, loses access to Baltic

1587-08-18

Saul Wahl is elected King of Poland, according to legend.

1587-08-19

Sigismund III becomes king of Poland

1594-02-19

Having already inherited the throne of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth through his mother, Catherine Jagellonica of Poland, Sigismund III of the House of Vasa is crowned King of Sweden, succeeding his father John III of Sweden.

1618-12-11

Russia & Poland signs Peace treaty of Dailino

1620-09-20

Battle at Jassy: Turks beat king Sigismund III of Poland

1621-10-09

Turkey & Poland signs Peace of Chotin

1629-09-26

Sweden & Poland signs Peace of Altmark

1634-02-19

Battle of Smolensk: King Wladyslaw IV of Poland beats Russians [NS=Mar 1]

1634-06-14

Russia & Poland sign Peace treaty of Polianov

1635-09-12

Sweden & Poland sign ceasefire Treaty of Stuhmsdorf

1654-09-16

Russian troops occupy Smolensk on Poland

1656-10-24

Treaty of Vilnius: Russia & Poland sign anti-Swedish covenant

1656-11-03

Treaty of Vilnius Russia/Poland sign anti-Swedish covenant [NS]

1656-12-01

Germany promises Poland aid against Sweden

1657-09-19

Brandenburg & Poland sign Treaty of Wehlau

1657-11-06

Brandenburg & Poland sign unity of Bromberg

1660-04-23

Treaty of Oliwa is established between Sweden and Poland.

1660-05-03

Sweden, Poland, Brandenburg & Austria sign Peace of Oliva

1667-01-03

Resistance of Androsovo in Russia-Poland

1667-01-20

Treaty of Andrussovo-ends 13 year war between Poland & Russia

1667-02-09

Treaty of Andrussovo: Russia/Poland signs peace treaty

1668-09-16

King John II Casimir of Poland resigns, flees to France

1672-10-18

Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Buczacz

1674-05-21

General John Sobieski chosen King of Poland

1676-10-27

Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Warsaw

1683-03-31

Emperor Leopold I/Poland signs covenant against Turkey

1684-03-05

Emperor Leopold I, Poland & Venice sign Heilig Covenant of Linz

1699-01-26

Venice, Poland & Austria sign Treaty of Carlowitz with Ottoman Empire

1699-11-22

Treaty of Preobrasjensku Denmark/Russia/Saksen/Poland divide Sweden

1704-07-12

Stanislaw Leszcynski becomes king of part of Poland

1719-01-05

Engl/Hannover/Saxony-Poland/Austria sign anti-Prussian/Russian pact

1736-01-26

Stanislaw I of Poland abdicates his throne.

1772-02-17

1st partition of Poland-Russia & Prussia, joined later by Austria

1772-08-05

1st partition of Poland, between Austria, Prussia & Russia

1773-10-14

The first recorded Ministry of Education, the Komisja Edukacji Narodowej (Polish for Commission of National Education), is formed in Poland.

1775-01-22

Marshal Oscar von Lubomirski expels Jews from Warsaw Poland

1775-02-22

Jews expelled from outskirts of Warsaw Poland

1775-03-19

Poland & Prussia sign trade agreement

1785-09-29

Chasidic sect is excommunicated in Kraków Poland

1792-05-19

Russian army enters Poland

1793-01-21

Prussia & Russia sign partition treaty, dividing Poland.

1793-01-23

2nd partition of Poland, between Prussia & Russia

1794-03-23

Lt-general Tadeusz Kosciuszko returns to Poland

1795-03-28

Partitions of Poland: The Duchy of Courland, a northern fief of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, ceases to exist and becomes part of Imperial Russia.

1795-10-24

Third partition of Poland, between Austria, Prussia & Russia

1815-11-27

City of Kraków (Poland) declared a free republic state by the Congress of Vienna

1815-11-27

Adoption of the Constitution of the Kingdom of Poland

1830-11-29

November Uprising: An armed rebellion against Russia's rule in Poland begins.

1861-02-27

Russians shoot at Poles protesting Russian rule of Poland in Castle Square, Warsaw

1863-01-10

January-uprising begins in Poland

1863-01-19

General Mieroslawski appointed dictator of Poland

1883-01-13

Fire in Circus Ferroni in Berditschoft, Poland, kills 430

1893-05-27

Audath Yisroel forms at Kattowitz (Katowice) Poland

1902-06-13

Prussian Upper house gives 350 million marks to Poland

1906-04-05

St Pius X encyclical "On the Mariavites or Mystic Priests of Poland"

1908-09-09

Russia takes part of Poland

1914-08-11

Jews are expelled from Mitchenick Poland

1914-08-11

Mitchenick Poland, expels Jews

1914-10-06

The Russians fall back along the Eastern Front in Poland and Galicia

1914-12-17

Austrian troops beat Russians in Limanova Poland

1915-06-03

The Austro-German forces recapture Przemysl, a crucial city in southeastern Poland, and the entire Russian front begins to collapse

1916-11-05

Emperors Wilhelm II (Germany) and Franz Jozef I (Austria-Hungary) establish the kingdom of Poland

1918-11-03

Poland proclaims independence from Russia after WW I

1918-11-06

Republic of Poland proclaimed

1918-11-10

Independence of Poland proclaimed by Józef Pilsudski

1918-11-11

Poland declares independence

1918-11-21

Polish soldiers organize a pogrom against Jews of Galicia Poland

1918-11-22

Marshal J Pilsudski becomes 1st president (dictator) of Poland

1918-12-27

The Great Poland Uprising against the Germans begins.

1919-01-15

Pianist & statesman Ignace Paderewski becomes 1st premier of Poland

1920-02-10

Jozef Haller de Hallenburg performs symbolic wedding of Poland to the sea, celebrating restitution of Polish access to open sea.

1920-08-10

Allies recognize Poland, Czechoslovakia & Romania

1920-08-12

Battle of Warsaw (Vistula) between Poland and Russia begins

1920-08-25

Russia suffers a decisive defeat in the battle of Warsaw against Poland

1921-03-17

The Second Republic of Poland adopts the March Constitution.

1921-03-18

2nd Peace of Riga, Poland enlarged

1922-02-20

Vilinus, Lithuania, agrees to separate from Poland

1923-03-14

Allies accepts Vilnus taking East-Galicia in Poland

1923-04-18

Poland annexes Central Lithuania

1926-05-12

General Józef Piłsudski returns to power in Poland after coup d'état against the Witos regime

1926-06-01

Ignacy Mocicki elected president of Poland

1928-07-31

1st woman to win a track and field olympic gold medal, Halina Konopacka of Poland

1929-02-09

USSR, Estonia, Latvia, Poland & Romania sign Litvinov Pact

1931-06-15

Poland & USSR sign friendship & trade treaty

1932-11-27

Poland & USSR sign non-aggression treaty

1933-03-06

Poland occupies free city Danzig (Gdansk)

1934-01-26

Nazi Germany & Poland sign non-attack treaty for 10 years

1934-06-26

Germany & Poland sign non-aggression treaty

1938-04-05

Anti-Jewish riots break out in Dabrowa Poland

1938-06-13

Jews injured & property destroyed in Przemyal, Poland

1939-03-21

Nazi-Germany demands Gdansk (Danzig) from Poland

1939-03-31

Britain & France agree to support Poland if invaded by Germany

1939-04-06

Great Britain & Poland sign military pact

1939-05-23

Hitler proclaims he wants to move into Poland

1939-08-30

Poland mobilizes

1939-09-01

WW II starts, Germany invades Poland, takes Danzig

1939-09-03

WWII: Britain declares war on Germany after invasion of Poland. France follows 6 hours later quickly joined by Australia, New Zealand, South Africa & Canada

1939-09-04

Mir, a Nazi ghetto in occupied Poland, is exterminated

1939-09-17

Poland's president Moscicki & PM Slawoj-Skladkowski flee to Romania

1939-09-17

Russia invades Eastern Poland, takes 217,000 Poles prisoner

1939-09-17

Soviet Union invades Poland during WW II

1939-09-19

Wehrmacht (German regular army) murders 100 Jews in Lukov Poland

1939-09-27

Warsaw Poland, surrenders to Germans after 19 days of resistance

1939-09-28

Soviet-German treaty agree on 4th partition of Poland (WW II) & gives Lithuania to USSR, last Polish troops surrender

1939-09-30

Germany & Russia agree to partition Poland

1939-10-08

Germany annexes Western Poland

1939-10-30

USSR & Germany agree on partitioning Poland, Hitler deports Jews

1939-11-06

World War II: 'Sonderaktion Krakau' - a Nazi operation against academics in Kraków, Poland

1939-11-12

Jews in Lodz Poland ordered to wear yellow star of David

1939-11-23

Nazi Gov of Poland Hans Frank requires Jews to wear a blue star

1939-11-28

Hans Frank, Nazi Governor-General of Poland, organizes Judenrat

1939-12-11

New anti Jewish measurements in Poland, proclaimed

1940-01-25

Nazi decrees establishment of Jewish ghetto in Lodz Poland

1940-02-08

Lodtz, 1st large ghetto established by Nazis in Poland

1940-06-14

Auschwitz concentration camp opens in Nazi controlled Poland with Polish POWs (approx. 3 million would eventually be killed )

1941-02-20

1st transport of Jews to concentration camps leave Plotsk Poland

1941-05-19

New Nazi battleship Bismarck leaves Gdynia, Poland

1941-06-25

Germans invade Dubno Poland, giving permission to Ukrainians to do whatever they want to 12,000 Jews living there

1941-06-27

Bialystok Poland falls to Germany

1941-06-28

German troops occupy Galicia, Poland

1941-07-10

Jedwabne Pogrom is a massacre of Jewish people living in and near the village of Jedwabne in Poland.

1941-09-06

Jews of Vilna Poland confined to their ghetto

1941-09-16

Jews of Vilna Poland confined to Ghetto

1941-10-15

Jews caught outside Nazi Ghetto walls in occupied Poland could be put to death

1941-12-04

Nazi ordinances places Jews of Poland outside protection of courts

1942-07-13

SS shoots 1,500 Jews in Josefov Poland

1942-07-28

Zionists partisans ZOB forms in Poland

1942-08-09

200 Jews escape Mir Ghetto in Poland

1942-08-11

- Sept 30] SS begins exterminating 3,500 Jews in Zelov Lodz Poland

1942-09-12

Free-Poland & Belgium asks pope to condemn nazi-war crimes

1942-09-30

SS exterminates 3,500 Jews in Zelov Lodz Poland in 6 week period

1943-06-11

Heinrich Himmler orders liquidation of Nazi ghettos in occupied Poland

1943-06-12

Himmler orders extermination of all Nazi ghettos in occupied Poland

1943-10-14

400 Jews escape in uprising at Sobibor extermination Camp in Poland

1944-01-29

World War II: About 38 men, women, and children die in the Koniuchy massacre in Poland.

1944-07-17

Russian troops cross river Bug/march into Poland

1944-07-23

Soviet Army marches into Lublin Poland

1944-08-06

Deportation of 70,000 Jews from Lodz Poland to Auschwitz begins

1945-01-27

Russia liberates Auschwitz & Birkenau Concentration Camp (Poland)

1946-07-04

Anti Jewish riots in Kielce Poland, 42 die

1946-07-14

Mass murder of Jews in Kielce, Poland

1947-02-05

Bolewet Beirut becomes president of Poland

1949-10-22

200 killed in train derailment near Nowy Dwor Poland

1950-06-06

German DR & Poland sign treaty about Oder-Neisse border

1950-07-06

German DR recognizes Oder-Neisse borders with Poland

1950-07-12

ILTF re-admit Germany & Japan in Davis Cup, Poland & Hungary withdraws

1952-07-22

Poland adopts Communist-imposed Constitution

1954-08-31

WMTW TV channel 8 in Portland-Poland Spring, ME (ABC) begins

1955-05-14

Warsaw Pact is signed by the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland & Romania

1955-11-15

Poland & Yugoslavia sign trade agreement

1956-06-28

Riots break out in Poznan Poland, 38 die

1956-12-11

Anti-Russian demonstrates in Stettin & Wroclaw Poland

1957-01-20

Gomulka wins Poland's parliamentary election

1957-05-01

US gives Poland credit of $95 million

1960-02-19

Protest strike in Poznan, Poland

1967-09-11

French president De Gaulle visits Poland

1970-12-07

West Germany & Poland normalize relations

1970-12-17

Poland: shipyard workers in Gdansk strike; soldiers in Gdynia fire at workers emerging from trains, killing dozens.

1970-12-20

Edward Gierek succeeds Wladyslaw Gomulka as Poland's communist party leader

1972-09-14

West Germany & Poland establish diplomatic relations

1975-08-03

Poland & West Germany reach accord about returning ethnic Germans

1975-08-23

Philip Kapleau conducts 1st jukai ceremony in Poland

1977-05-09

Hotel Poland in Amsterdam destroyed by fire, 33 killed

1979-06-02

John Paul II becomes 1st pope to visit a communist country (Poland)

1979-12-13

Strikes against price increases in Gdansk Poland

1980-05-25

Jacek Wszoka of Poland sets high jump record (7'8")

1980-08-14

In Lenin Shipyard Gdansk Poland, 17,000 workers go on strike, beginning of the Solidarity movement

1980-08-24

Jozef Pinkovski replaces Poland premier Babiuch

1980-08-31

Poland's Solidarity trade union federations forms and is offically recognised by the Polish goverment

1980-09-05

Poland party leader Edward Gierek resigns

1980-11-10

Poland acknowledges Solidarity union

1981-07-18

Poland communist party selects ex-party leader Edward Gierek

1981-08-01

Poland premier Jagielski resigns

1981-10-18

Poland General Jaruzelski elected party leader

1982-01-01

Pope John Paul II prays for an end to martial law in Poland

1982-10-08

Poland bans Solidarity & all labor unions

1982-10-10

US imposes sanctions against Poland for banning Solidarity trade union

1983-06-16

Pope John Paul II visits Poland

1983-07-22

Poland's PM Januzelski lifts martial law

1987-02-19

US President Reagan lifts trade boycott against Poland

1989-04-05

Solidarity grants legal status in Poland

1989-06-04

Eastern Europe's 1st partial free elections in 40 years held in Poland, Solidarity Party comes to power

1989-08-19

Tadeusz Mazowiecki, elected 1st non-communist president of Poland

1989-09-21

Poland's Sejm (National Assembly) approves prime minister Mazowiecki

1989-11-22

Aneta Kreglicka of Poland, 24, crowned 39th Miss World

1990-11-25

Lech Walesa wins in Poland's first popular election

1990-11-26

Premier Mazowiecki of Poland resigns

1990-12-09

Lech Walesa wins presidental election in Poland

1990-12-22

Lech Walesa sworn in as Poland's 1st popularly elected president

1991-01-04

Jan Krzystof Bielecki becomes premier of Poland

1991-03-20

US forgives $2 billion in loans to Poland

1991-04-15

20th Boston Women's Marathon won by Wanda Panfil of Poland in 2:24:18

1993-09-17

Last Russian troops leave Poland.

1993-09-19

Parliamentary election in Poland

1994-05-02

Bus crashes into a tree at Gdansk Poland, 32 killed

1995-03-01

Jozef Oleksy succeeds Waldemar Pawlak on as premier of Poland

1997-07-08

NATO invites Poland, Hungary & Czech Republic to join

1999-03-12

Former Warsaw Pact members the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland join NATO.

2002-12-13

Enlargement of the European Union: The European Union announces that Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia will become members from May 1, 2004.

2004-05-01

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia join the European Union, celebrated at the residence of the Irish President in Dublin.

2007-12-21

The Schengen Agreement area increases to include 9 European Union member states; Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia on land and sea borders.

2010-05-22

Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus' remains are reburied in Frombork Cathedral, Poland after a 200 year search for his tomb.,

2012-03-03

Two trains crash in Szczekociny, Poland, with 16 people dead and up to 50 injured

2014-09-15

Ewa Kopacz becomes Prime Minister of Poland

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Poland - Notable Birthdays

Joseph ConradDec 3, 1857

Ignacy Jan PaderewskiNov 18, 1860

Samuel GoldwynAug 17, 1882

David Ben-GurionOct 16, 1886

John Paul IIMay 18, 1920

Poland - Birthdays
Date Event
1016-07-25

Casimir I, Duke of Poland (d. c. 1058)

1226-06-21

King Boleslaus V of Poland (d. 1279)

1257-10-14

King Przemysl II of Poland (d. 1296)

1271-09-17

Wenceslas II, king of Bohemia & Poland (1278-1305)

1286-09-01

Elisabeth Richeza of Poland, Queen of Poland (d. 1335)

1309-04-30

Kazimierz III de Great, King of Poland (1333-70)

1326-03-05

Louis I, [the Great], King of Hungary (1342-82), Poland (1370-82)

1374-02-18

Saint Jadwiga of Poland, Queen of Poland (d. 1399)

1424-10-31

Wladyslaw III Warnenczyk, king of Poland/Hungary

1427-11-30

Kazimierz IV, king of Poland (1447-92)

1467-01-01

Sigismund I, the old, king of Poland

1494-02-02

Bona Sforza, queen of Sigismund I of Poland (d. 1557)

1520-08-01

Sigismund II Augustus, Krakow, King of Poland (1548-72)

1526-11-01

Catherine Jagellonica of Poland, queen of Sweden and duchess of Finland (d. 1583)

1533-09-15

Catherine of Austria, queen consort of Poland and Lithuania (d. 1572)

1551-09-19

Henry III, duke of Anjou/king of Poland/France (1573/4-89)

1566-06-20

Sigismund III, King of Poland/Sweden

1573-08-16

Anna of Austria, queen of Poland (d. 1598)

1588-12-24

Constance of Austria, queen of Poland (d. 1631)

1595-06-09

King Wladislaus IV of Poland (d. 1648)

1595-06-19

Wladyslaw IV Vasa, king of Poland (1632-48)

1609-03-22

Jan II Kazimierz, cardinal/King of Poland (1648-68)

1609-03-22

John II Casimir Vasa, cardinal/king of Poland (1648-68)

1611-07-16

Archduchess Cecilia Renata of Austria, Queen of Poland (d. 1644)

1611-08-18

Ludwika Maria Gonzaga, queen of Poland (d. 1650)

1624-06-02

Jan III Sobieski, King of Poland (1674-96)

1629-08-17

King John [Jan] III Sobieski of Poland. Victor over the Turks in 1683 (d. 1696)

1640-05-31

Michał Wiśniowiecki, King of Poland (d. 1673)

1641-06-28

Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d'Arquien, queen of Poland (d. 1716)

1653-05-21

Eleonora Maria Josefa of Austria, queen consort of Poland and Lithuania (d. 1697)

1667-11-02

James Sobieski, Crown Prince of Poland (d. 1737)

1670-05-12

Frederick Augustus I/ August II, the Strong, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland (reputed to have sired 355 children) (d. 1733)

1677-10-20

Stanislaus I Leszczyński, King of Poland (d. 1766)

1696-10-17

August III, king of Poland/monarch Frederik August II of Saksen

1699-12-08

Maria Josepha of Austria, queen of Poland (d. 1757)

1732-01-17

Stanislaw II August Poniatowski, last king of Poland (1764-95)

1798-12-24

Adam B Mickiewicz, Poland, national poet (Pan Tadeusz)

1835-07-10

Henryk Wieniawski, Lubin Poland, violinist/composer (Souv de Moscou)

1840-10-12

Helena Modjeska, Poland, Shakespearian actress (Juliet)/anti-Russian

1846-05-05

Henryk Sienkiewicz, Poland, author (Quo Vadis, Nobel 1905)

1848-07-27

Friedrich Ernst Dorn, Guttstadt, Province of Prussia (now Warmia in Poland), German physicist who discovered that radon is emitted from radium

1857-12-03

Joseph Conrad, Berdychiv, Poland, novelist (Lord Jim, Heart of Darkness), (d. 1924)

1859-12-15

Ludwik L Zamenhof, Russian Poland, physician/linguist (Esperanto)

1860-11-18

Ignacy Jan Paderewski, composer/1st premier of Poland (1919-20)

1865-02-12

Kazimierz P Tetmajer, Polish writer/poet (Young Poland)

1868-05-06

Wladyslaw Stanislaw Reymont, Poland, novelist (Chiopi, Nobel-1924)

1869-03-15

Stanisław Wojciechowski, President of Poland (d. 1953)

1873-09-28

Waclaw Rawicz, [Berent], Warsaw Poland, biologist/writer

1874-01-22

Wincenty Witoz, Galicia, PM of Poland (1920-21, 1923, 1926)

1874-07-25

Sergey Vasilyevich Lebedev, Lublin Poland, Russian Chemist who invented the first commercially viable and mass-produced synthetic rubber

1879-07-05

Wanda Landowska, Warsaw Poland, harpsichordist (Musique Ancienne)

1880-01-01

Shalom Asch, Poland, yiddish writer (Motke Ganev)

1880-11-01

Sholem Asch, Poland, Yiddish novelist/playwright (Three Cities)

1881-04-20

Nikolai Miaskovsky, Novogeorievsk Poland, composer (Kirov is With Us)

1881-05-20

Wladyslaw Sikorski, premier Poland (WW II general)

1882-08-17

Samuel Goldwyn, [Shmuel Gelbfisz], Warsaw Poland, Hollywood movie producer (MGM)

1883-07-03

Alfred Korzybski, Poland, scientist (Science & Sanity)

1884-08-03

Louis Gruenberg, near Brest Litovsk Poland, composer (Daniel Jazz)

1885-01-16

Wladyslaw Raczkiewicz, president of Poland (1939-40)

1885-11-30

Albrecht (von) Kesselring, German fieldmarshal (Poland/Netherland)

1886-03-30

Stanislaw Lesniewski, Poland, logician/mathematician

1886-10-16

David Ben-Gurion, Plonsk Poland, 1st Prime Minister of Israel (1948-53, 55)

1887-01-28

Artur Rubinstein, Lodz Poland, pianist

1891-01-15

Osip E Mandelstam, Warsaw Poland, Russian poet (Noise of Time)

1891-12-19

Edward Bernard Andre Maria Raczynski, Poland, pres-in-exile (1979-86)

1892-01-01

Artur Rodzinski, Spalato, Dalmatia, Poland, conductor/composer

1894-02-25

Howard Wendell, Poland, actor (4 Skulls of Jonathan Drake)

1895-01-27

Joseph Rosenstock, Kraków Poland, conductor (Nippon Phil Orch 1936-41)

1896-12-21

Constantine Rokossovski, Russian marshal/vice-premier of Poland

1897-06-12

Alexandre Tansman, Lodz Poland, composer (Dyptique)

1898-07-29

Isidor Isaac Rabi, Poland, physicist (explored atom, Nobel 1944)

1899-01-14

Fritz Bayerlein, German lt-general (WW I, Poland, Libya, St-Lo)

1900-11-11

Helena Konopacka, Poland, discus thrower (Olympic-gold-1928)

1901-02-08

Janina Spychajowa-Kurkowska, Poland, women's world champion archer

1901-07-26

John Bleifer, Zawiercie Poland, actor (Highway to Heaven)

1902-05-16

Jan Kiepura, Sosnowiec Poland, vocalist/actor (Her Wonderful Lie)

1903-05-18

George E Stone, Lodz Poland, actor (Viva Villa, Last Mile)

1904-07-14

Isaac Bashevis Singer, Poland, Yiddish novelist (Enemies-Nobel 1978)

1904-9-19

Mihailo Ivanjikov, Tito in Czechoslovakia and Poland

1906-04-01

Ned Glass, Poland, actor (Sol-Julia, Uncle Moe-Bridget Loves Bernie)

1907-01-11

Abraham Joshua Heschel, Warsaw Poland, Jewish American rabbi and theologian (d. 1972)

1907-02-25

Shimen Rushkin, Poland, actor (Beau Brummel, Having a Wonderful Time)

1908-01-18

Jacob Bronowski, Łódź, Poland, Polish-born British mathematician and science writer best known as the presenter of the BBC television series, The Ascent of Man

1909-08-18

Miliza Korjus, Warsaw Poland, actress (Great Waltz)

1909-08-19

Jerzy Andrzejewski, Warsaw Poland, writer (Ashes & Diamonds)

1911-04-11

Stella Walsh-Stanislawa-Walasiewicz, Poland, sprinter (Oly-gold-32)

1911-07-21

Jozef Cyrankiewicz, premier Poland (1947..70)

1913-06-22

Wladyslaw Sila-Nowicki, Poland, lawyer (Solidarity)

1913-06-24

Harold Dyrenforth, Hitler Invades Poland (September 1, 1939)

1914-09-24

Andrzej Panufnik, Warsaw Poland, composer (Tragic Overture)

1916-08-01

Clifford H. Poland Jr., Hello Down There

1918-09-22

Henryk Szeryng, Zelazowa Wola Poland, violinist (Brahms Concerto)

1920-03-22

Ross Martin, Grodek Poland, actor (Mr Lucky, Wild Wild West)

1920-05-18

John Paul II, [Karol Wojtyla], Wadowice Poland, 264th Roman Catholic Pope (1978-2005)

1921-03-10

Cec Linder, Galica Poland, actor (Goldfinger)

1921-09-12

Stanislaw Lem, Lwów, Poland, sci-fi author (Solaris, Invincible)

1922-07-20

Joachim E. Behrendt, Jazz in Poland

1923-07-02

Wislawa Szymborska, Prowent, Poland, poet referred to as the 'Mozart of Poetry' (Nobel 1996), (d. 2012)

1923-10-03

Stanislaw Skrowaczewski, Lvov Poland, Classical conductor and composer

1923-9-15

Karol Latowicz, Jews in Poland

1924-11-20

Benoit Mandelbrot, Warsaw Poland, mathematician (proved Zipf's law)

1925-05-05

Mykola Plaviuk, Rusiv, Poland, Ukranian president (1978-81), (d. 2012)

1926-03-06

Andrzej Wajda, Suwalki Poland, director (Ashes & Diamonds, Lotna)

1926-05-29

Charles Denner, Tarnow Poland, actor (And Now My Love)

1926-10-18

Klaus Kinski, [Nikolas Naksynski], Poland, actor (Little Drummer Girl)

1927-04-17

Tadeusz Mazowiecki, premier of Poland (1989-90)

1927-05-07

John Perkins, Far from Poland

1927-11-03

Zbigniew Cybulski, Pniarz Poland, actor (See You Tommorrow)

1928-10-23

Bella Darvi, [Bayla Wegier], Sosnowiec Poland, actress (Racers)

1928-12-13

Jack Tramiel, Lodz Poland, American Businessman (Amiga, Commodore 64), (d. 2012)

1929-01-11

Wanda Wilkomirska, Warsaw, Poland, violinist

1933-08-18

Roman Polanski, Poland, director (Rosemary's Baby, Chinatown, Pirates)

1933-11-23

Krzysztof Penderecki, Debica Poland, composer (Hiroshima Threnody)

1934-11-11

Elzbieta Krzesinska, Poland, long jumper (Olympic-gold-1956)

1937-11-22

Zenon Jankowski, Poland cosmonaut (Soyuz 30 backup)

1938-05-05

Jerzy Skolimowski, Warsaw Poland, director (Hands Up, Deep End)

1940-10-19

Jerzy Kulej, Poland, light welterweight boxer (Olympic-gold-1964, 68), (d. 2012)

1941-06-27

Krzysztof Kieslowski, Poland, director/actor (Underground Passage)

1941-07-10

Pyotr Ilyich Klimuk, Poland, cosmonaut (Soyuz 13, 18B, 30)

1941-09-10

Pyotr I Klimuk, Poland, cosmonaut (Soyuz 13, 18B, 30)

1941-09-15

Miroslav Hermazewski, Poland, cosmonaut (Soyuz 30)

1942-04-18

Larry Poland, The Conquering Hero

1942-04-18

Larry Poland, Hollywood on Fire

1943-06-13

Edward Skorek, Poland, volleyball player (Olympic-gold-1976)

1943-09-29

Lech Walesa, Popowo Poland, Polish Solidarity movement leader (Nobel 1983)

1943-11-11

Jan Adamski, Poland, International Chess Master (1976)

1945-02-27

Daniel Olbrychski, Poland, actor (La Truite)

1946-05-25

Irnema Szewinski Kirszenstein, Poland, 200m runner (1968 Olym Gold)

1946-07-21

Zbigniew Kaczmarek, Poland, lightweight (Olympic-gold-1976)

1946-10-01

Eva Klobukowska, Poland, relay sprinter (Olympic-gold-1964)

1948-01-07

Kaz Lux, Poland/Netherland, singer

1948-11-28

Agnieszka Holland, Warsaw Poland, actress/director (Europa Europa)

1949-06-08

Emmanuel Ax, Lvov Poland, pianist (Artur Rubinstein Comp-1974)

1951-04-30

Panuta Rosani, Poland, discus (Olympic 1976) drug disqualified

1951-07-03

Grigsby Poland, Midnight Kiss

1952-08-03

Wojtek Fibak, Poland, tennis star

1952-08-06

Wojiech Fortuna, Poland, ski jumper (Olympic-gold-1972)

1954-11-08

Maria Zmarz-Koczanowicz, I Love Poland

1954-11-15

Aleksander Kwaśniewski, Białogard Poland, politician and President of Poland (1995-2005)

1955-03-10

Juliusz Machulski, Poland, director/writer/actor (Do It Yourself)

1957-01-02

Joanna Pacula, Tomszowaubelski Poland, actress (Gorky Park, Kiss)

1959-09-30

Basia Trzetrzelevska, Poland, jazz singer (Time & Life)

1959-12-20

Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz, Prime Minister of Poland

1961-08-19

Danuta Bartoszek, Pyrzyce Poland, Canadian marathoner (Olympics-96)

1963-02-17

Janusz Chabior, Made in Poland

1966-12-02

Anita Jokiel, Poland, gymnist (Olympic-1980)

1969-01-13

Katarzyna Nowak, Lodz Poland, tennis star (1994 Futures France)

1969-01-13

Rafal Widajewicz, Made in Poland

1970-06-05

Izabella Scorupco, Bialystok Poland, actress (Golden Eye)

1971-02-27

Roman Giertych, I Love Poland

1971-12-30

Thomas Strzalkowski, Krakow Poland, US fencer-sabre (Olympics-96)

1976-01-06

Agnieszka Zielinska, Miss Poland Universe (1997)

1976-03-25

Monica Croscicka-Wnetrzak, Miss Universe-Poland (1996)

1976-05-23

Agnieszka Chylinska, Got Talent Poland

1976-08-29

Kasia Kulesza, Warsaw Poland, Canadian synchro swimmer (Oly-silver-96)

1976-9-06

Wojciech Wierzejski, I Love Poland

1977-05-14

Anca Barna, Cluj Romania, tennis star (semifinals 1995 ITF Poland)

1977-08-13

Michael Klim, Poland, Australian swimmer (Olympics-96)

1977-12-21

Beata Deak, Rocco Invades Poland

1979-06-28

Radoslaw Parda, I Love Poland

1980-03-12

Priscilla Poland, Stalker in the Woods

1981-05-17

Ryan Poland, Iraq: A Tale of Censorship

1983-10-31

Piotr Wawer Jr., Made in Poland

1988-07-08

Andrew Poland, OJ: The Musical

1991-08-31

Monika Malec, Made in Poland

Poland - Notable Weddings

Otto Von BismarckJul 28, 1847

Poland - Weddings
Date Event
1404-08-01

Earl Engelbert I of Nassau marries Johanna of Poland

1847-07-28

Chancellor Otto Von Bismarck (32) weds noblewoman Johanna von Puttkamer (23) in Kolczyglowy, Poland

1920-02-10

Jozef Haller de Hallenburg performs symbolic wedding of Poland to the sea, celebrating restitution of Polish access to open sea.

Poland - Notable Deaths

CopernicusMay 24, 1543

Poland - Deaths
Date Event
992-05-25

Mieszko I first lord and knight of Poland, duke of Polans (b. circa 935)

1025-07-17

Boleslaw I Chobry, [the brave], duke/king of Poland, dies

1034-03-15

Mieszko II, King of Poland (1025-34), dies

1058-11-28

Kazimierz I Restaurator, duke of Poland (1034-58), dies

1063-03-21

Blessed Richeza of Lotharingia, venerated in Roman Catholicism, wife of King Mieszko II of Poland

1138-10-28

Boleslaw III Kryzwousty, [scheefmond], duke of Poland, dies

1138-10-29

Bolesław III Krzywousty, Duke of Poland (b. 1086)

1159-05-30

Wladislaus II the Exile of Poland (b. 1105)

1194-05-05

Casimir II, the Just, grand duke of Poland (1177-94), dies. Born 1138

1202-03-13

Mieszko III, the Elder, grand duke of Poland (1173-77, 1200-02), dies

1238-03-19

Duke Henry I of Poland (b. 1163)

1257-06-04

Duke Przemysl I of Poland

1279-04-14

Boleslaus of Greater Poland

1279-12-07

King Boleslaus V of Poland (b. 1226)

1296-02-08

King Przemysł II of Poland (b. 1257)

1305-06-21

King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia and Poland (b. 1271)

1333-03-02

Wladyslaw IV, the Short One/Great, duke/king of Poland, dies

1342-09-26

John I, ruler of Poland, dies

1370-11-05

Kazimierz III, the Great, King of Poland (1333-70), dies at 61

1382-09-10

Louis I, the Great, King of Hungary/Poland, dies

1401-05-18

Władysław Opolczyk (German: Ladislaus von Oppel, count palatine of Hungary 1367-1372, governor of Halych-Volhynia 1372 - 1378, count palatine of Poland

1434-06-01

Władysław II Jagiełło, King of Lithuania and later also Poland, dies (b.1351)

1444-11-10

Wladyslaw III Warnenczyk, king of Poland/Hungary, dies in battle at 20

1484-03-04

Saint Casimir, Crown Prince of Poland dies at 25

1492-06-07

Kazimierz IV, King of Poland (1447-92), dies at 64

1501-06-17

Jan I Olbracht, King of Poland, dies

1543-05-24

Nicolas Copernicus, astronomer, dies in Poland aged 70

1548-04-01

Sigismund I, the Elder, King of Poland, dies at 81

1557-11-19

Bona Sforza, Queen of Sigismund I of Poland (b. 1494)

1572-06-07

August I [Sigismund II August], king of Poland (1548-72), dies at 42

1572-07-07

Sigismund II August, last Jagellonen king of Poland, dies at 51

1586-12-12

Stefan Batory, King of Poland (b. 1533)

1589-08-02

Henry III, king of Poland/France (1573-89), assassinated at 37

1632-04-30

Sigismund III, King of Poland/Sweden, dies at 65

1648-05-20

Wladyslaw IV Wasa, King of Poland, dies

1667-05-09

Marie Louise de Gonzague-Nevers, French Queen of Poland (1645-48)

1672-12-13

Jan II Kazimierz, king of Poland (1648-68), dies at 63

1672-12-16

John II Casimir Vasa, cardinal/king of Poland (1648-68), dies at 63

1673-11-10

Michael Korybut Wisniowiecki, king of Poland (16..-73), dies

1673-11-14

Michael Wisniowieki, King of Poland, dies

1696-06-17

John [Jan] III Sobieski, King of Poland (1674-96), Victor at Battle Vienna over Turks (1683) dies at 66

1733-02-01

August II, the Strong, King of Poland (355 children), dies at 62

1737-12-19

James Sobieski, Crown Prince of Poland (b. 1667)

1763-10-05

August III, king of Poland, dies at 66

1766-02-23

Stanislaw Leszcynski, duke of Lutherans/king of Poland, dies

1867-08-07

Ira F Aldridge, US actor (Othello/Shylock), dies in Lodes Poland at 63

1920-08-06

Stefan Bastyr, Polish aviator, first flight in independent Poland (b. 1890)

1922-12-16

Gabriel Narutowicz, 1st pres of Poland (Dec 7-16, 1922), assassinated

1940-01-18

Kazimierz P Tetmajer, Polish writer/poet (Young Poland), dies at 74

1943-07-04

Wladyslaw Sikorski, gen/PM of Poland in exile (1939-43), dies at 62

1947-06-09

Wladyslaw Raczkiewicz, president of Poland (1939-40), dies at 62

1960-03-02

Stanisław Taczak, Polish general, commander-in-chief of the Greater Poland Uprising (b. 1874)

1963-10-21

Józef Franczak, last cursed soldier - anticommunist underground in Poland(b. 1918)

1968-08-03

Constantine Rokossovski, vice-premier of Poland (1952-56), dies at 71

1983-09-07

Larry Poland, The Conquering Hero

1984-11-25

Karol Latowicz, Jews in Poland

1992-09-02

Piotr Jaroszewicz, premier of Poland (1970-80), dies

1997-01-09

Edward Osobka-Morawski, prime minister of Poland (1945-47), dies

2000-02-04

Joachim E. Behrendt, Jazz in Poland

2003-01-27

Henryk Jabłoński, President of Poland (b. 1909)

2005-10-28

Harold Dyrenforth, Hitler Invades Poland (September 1, 1939)

2008-04-17

Clifford H. Poland Jr., Hello Down There

2009-03-08

Zbigniew Religa, Minister of Health of the Republic of Poland (b. 1938)

2010-04-10

Maria Kaczyńska, Polish economist and First Lady of Poland, is killed in the crash of a Polish Air Force Tu-154 at 67

2010-04-10

Lech Kaczyński, Polish lawyer and politician, then President of Poland is killed in the crash of a Polish Air Force Tu-154 at 60


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