Today in History - Historical Events - October 8th

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Notable Historical Events on October 8th

1942Comedy duo Abbott and Costello launch their weekly radio show

1934Bruno Hauptmann is indicted for murder of Charles Lindbergh's son

1980After playing two shows at the Madison Square Garden, Bob Marley collapsed in Central Park while jogging, brought to Sloan-Kettering Hospital

197913th Country Music Association Award: Willie Nelson, Kenny Rogers & Barbara Mandrell wins

1973NLCS game 3 brawl between Cins' Pete Rose & NY Met Bud Harrelson

1981President Reagan greeted predecessors Jimmy Carter, Gerald R Ford & Richard Nixon before sending them to Egypt for Anwar Sadat's funeral

314Battle at Cibalae: Roman emperor in the west Constantine beats emperor in the eas tLicinius

1862Otto Von Bismarck becomes chancellor of the German Empire

1835Charles Darwin reaches James Island, Galapagos archipelago, on HMS Beagle

1938G Kaufman & Moss Hart's "Fabulous Invalid" premieres in NYC

1480Great standing on the Ugra river, a standoff between the forces of Akhmat Khan, Khan of the Great Horde, and the Grand Duke Ivan III of Russia, which resulted in the retreat of the Tataro-Mongols and eventual disintegration of the Horde.

1821The government of General José de San Martín establishes the Peruvian Navy.

1961Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Bill Brannin's Swing Parade Golf Tournament

1917Leon Trotsky named chairman of the Petrograd Soviet as Bolsheviks gain control

1945US President Harry Truman announced atomic bomb secret shared with Britain and Canada

1769Captain James Cook lands in New Zealand (Poverty Bay)

1993Howard Stern releases his 1st book "Private Parts"

1971John Lennon releases his megahit "Imagine"

1964Ringo Starr takes & passes his driving test

1492Columbus' fleet about 400 sea miles from Puerto Rico

2001U.S. President George W. Bush announces the establishment of the Office of Homeland Security.

1953Birmingham Alabama, bars Jackie Robinson's Negro-White All-Stars from playing there Robinson gives in & drops white players from his group

2003Peter Agre and Roderick MacKinnon win the 2003 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for discoveries concerning channels in cell membranes

1995Dolphin's Dan Marino breaks Tarkenton's NFL career completions record

1967Guerrilla leader Che Guevara and his men are captured in Bolivia.

2012John B. Gurdon and Shinya Yamanaka win the 2012 Nobel Prize for Medicine for their work on reprogramming end stage cells to become pluripotent

October 8th Historical Events
Date Event
314
Battle at Cibalae: Roman emperor in the west Constantine beats emperor in the eas tLicinius 
451
Council of Chalcedon (4th ecumenical council) opens 
876
Battle at Andernach: Louis the Young beats Charles the Bare 
1075
Dmitar Zvonimir is crowned king of Croatia. 
1085
San Marcos minstery in Venice initiated 
1480
Great standing on the Ugra river, a standoff between the forces of Akhmat Khan, Khan of the Great Horde, and the Grand Duke Ivan III of Russia, which resulted in the retreat of the Tataro-Mongols and eventual disintegration of the Horde. 
1492
Columbus' fleet about 400 sea miles from Puerto Rico 
1600
San Marino adopts constitution 
1604
Supernova "Kepler's nova" first sighted 
1625
Admiral George Villiers' fleet sails from Plymouth to Cadiz 
1633
Massachusetts Bay Colony forms its first government 
1690
Turkish troops occupy Belgrade 
1712
French privateer Jacques Cassard seen on Suriname coast 
1740
Chinese assault on Diestpoort Batavia 
1769
Captain James Cook lands in New Zealand (Poverty Bay) 
1775
Officers decide to bar slaves & free blacks from Continental Army 
1806
British forces lay siege to French port of Boulogne using Congreve rockets, invented by Sir William Congreve 
1813
Treaty of Ried between Bayern & Austria 
1815
Joachim Murat's forces land at Pizzo, Italy 
1818
Two English boxers are first to use padded gloves 
1821
The government of General José de San Martín establishes the Peruvian Navy. 
1822
First eruption of Galunggung (Java) sends boiling sludge into valley 
1835
Charles Darwin reaches James Island, Galapagos archipelago, on HMS Beagle 
1840
First Hawaiian constitution proclaimed 
1856
The Second Opium War or second Anglo-Chinese War: begins with the Arrow Incident on the Pearl River. 
1860
Telegraph line between LA & SF opens 
1862
Battle of Perryville, KY- Confederate invasion halted 
1862
Otto Von Bismarck becomes chancellor of the German Empire 
1865
Earthquake in Santa Cruz Mountains 
1871
Gas explosion destroys Peshtigo, Wisconsin 
1871
Great Fire kills 200, destroys over 4 square miles (10 square km) of Chicago buildings, & original Emancipation Proclamation 
1873
First women's prison run by women opens at Indiana Reformatory Institute 
1879
War of the Pacific: the Chilean Navy defeats the Peruvian Navy in the Battle of Angamos, Peruvian Admiral Miguel Grau is killed in the encounter. 
1886
Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Noble Bachelor" (BG) 
1887
Phillies set club record 16th straight victory 
1892
Sergei Rachmaninoff first performs "Prelude in C-sharp-Minor" in Moscow 
1895
Ohio Valley Improvement Association forms 
1896
Dow Jones starts reporting an average of selected industrial stocks 
1897
Emperor Karl Joseph I named Gustav Mahler director of Opera 
1898
First Canadian Intercollegiate football game: McGill beats Queen's, 3-2 
1903
J M Synge's "In the Shadow of the Glen" premieres in Dublin 
1904
1st Vanderbilt Cup auto race (Hicksville, Long Island, NY) 
1906
Karl Nessler demonstrates first 'permanent wave' for hair in London 
1908
NY Giants set season attendance record at 910,000 (broken in 1920) 
1909
Chicago Cubs beat NY Giants 4-2 in a playoff to win NL pennant 
1912
Montenegro declares war on Turkey, beginning 1st Balkan War 
1915
Battle of Loos WWI, almost 430,000 French, British & Germans killed 
1915
Phillies win their 1st & only World Series game before 1980, beating Red Sox, 3-1, with an 8th inning 2 run rally 
1917
Leon Trotsky named chairman of the Petrograd Soviet as Bolsheviks gain control 
1918
American soldier Sgt Alvin York single-handedly kills 25, captures 132 Germans 
1922
NY Giants beat Yankees, 4 games to 0, with a tie in 19th World Series 
1924
British Labour government of Ramsay MacDonald falls to Conservatives 
1927
NY Yankees sweep Pirates in 24th World Series 
1927
Sea battle at Navarino (Greece freed of Ottoman occupation) 
1928
Cole Porter & E Ray Goetz' musical "Paris" premieres in NYC 
1928
Eastern Soccer League forms in USA 
1928
Joseph Szigeti debuted Alfredo Casella's Violin Concerto. 
1929
A's Howard Ehmke (7-2) sets World Series record striking out 13 Cubs 
1929
Mohammed Nadir Khan occupies Kabul Afghanistan/drives out H Ghazi 
1930
Phila A's beat St Louis Cards, 4 games to 2 in 27th World Series 
1932
The Indian Air Force is established. 
1933
Coit Tower dedicated in San Francisco as a monument to firefighters 
1933
Martinez Barrios forms new Spanish government 
1934
Bruno Hauptmann is indicted for murder of Charles Lindbergh's son 
1938
G Kaufman & Moss Hart's "Fabulous Invalid" premieres in NYC 
1939
Germany annexes Western Poland 
1939
NY Yankees sweep Reds in 36th World Series, 4th straight WS win 
1940
Cin Reds beat Detroit Tigers, 4 games to 3, in 37th World Series 
1940
German troops occupies Romania 
1941
Building at Concentration Camp Birkenau begins 
1942
Fight at Matanikau, Guadalcanal (John Hersey-Into the Valley) 
1942
Comedy duo Abbott and Costello launch their weekly radio show 
1943
Great Britain establishes bases on Azores 
1944
"Adventures of Ozzie & Harriet" debut on CBS radio 
1944
Samuel Barber's "Capricorn Concerto" premieres 
1945
US President Harry Truman announced atomic bomb secret shared with Britain and Canada 
1946
Kwo-less-shrew selects Gen Chiang Kai-shek as president of China 
1946
Military plane crashes at Christian HBS, 24 die 
1950
4th NHL All-Star Game: Detroit beat All-Stars 7-1 at Detroit 
1950
Cleveland Browns play Pittsburgh for 1st time, beat Steelers 30-17 
1951
"Music in the Air" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 56 performances 
1951
Ford C Frick replaces Happy Chandler as 3rd commissioner of baseball Warren C Giles becomes president of baseball's National League 
1952
Chinese offensive in Korea 
1952
Harrow and Wealdstone rail crash kills 112 people. 
1953
Birmingham Alabama, bars Jackie Robinson's Negro-White All-Stars from playing there Robinson gives in & drops white players from his group 
1953
WTAP TV channel 15 in Parkersburg-Marietta, WV (NBC) begins 
1955
World's most powerful aircraft carrier, USS Saratoga, launched 
1956
Don Larsen, NY, pitches only perfect World Series game, vs Brooklyn 
1957
Brooklyn Dodgers announce move to Los Angeles 
1957
Procter & Gamble director N McElroy becomes US Secretary of Defense 
1957
Soviet spy Jack Sobel sentenced to 7 years (NYC) 
1957
Turkish & Syrian border guards exchange fire 
1958
Braves Eddie Mathews strikes out for World Series record 11th time 
1958
Dr Ake Senning installs first pacemaker (Stockholm) 
1958
KCMT TV channel 7 in Alexandria, MN (CBS/NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting 
1958
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1959
"At the Drop of a Hat" opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 216 perfs 
1959
Conservatives win British general election 
1959
LA Dodgers beat Chicago White Sox, 4 games to 2 in 56th World Series 
1960
Bobby Richarson hits a World Series grand slammer 
1961
Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Bill Brannin's Swing Parade Golf Tournament 
1961
US Constellation crashes at Richmond Virginia, 74 die 
1961
USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya, USSR 
1962
Algeria admitted as 109th member of UN 
1962
North Korea reports 100% election turnout, miraculously 100% vote for the Workers' Party 
1962
Spiegel scandal: Der Spiegel publishes the article "Bedingt abwehrbereit" ("Conditionally prepared for defense") about a NATO manoeuver called "Fallex 62", which uncovered the sorry state of the Bundeswehr (Germany's army) facing the communist threat from the east at the time. The magazine was soon accused of treason. 
1963
Sultan of Zanzibar cedes his mainland possessions to Kenya 
1964
Gilroy Roberts becomes first US chief engraver to retire (than die) 
1964
Ringo Starr takes & passes his driving test 
1965
Djakarta Moslems set fire to PKI-headquarter 
1965
Post Office Tower opens in London, tallest building in England 
1965
Once-Hertogenbosch soccer team FC de Bosch forms 
1965
USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 
1966
Wyoming's Jerry DePoyster kicks 3 field goals over 50 yds (54, 54, 52) 
1967
Guerrilla leader Che Guevara and his men are captured in Bolivia. 
1968
Dutch aircraft carrier Karel Doorman (formerly Britsh HMS Venerable) sold to Argentina 
1969
The opening rally of the Days of Rage occurs, organized by the Weather Underground in Chicago, Illinois. 
1970
Soviet author Alexander Isayevich Solzhenitsyn wins Nobel Prize for Literature 
1970
The Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) propose that a system of Proportional Representation (PR) should be used in elections in Northern Ireland 
1971
John Lennon releases his megahit "Imagine" 
1971
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1972
"From Israel with Love" closes at Palace Theater NYC after 8 perfs 
1972
Harold Carmichael begins NFL streak of 127 consecutive game receptions 
1972
In Game 2 of ALCS, A's Bert Campaneris fires his bat at Det pitcher 
1972
Lerrin LaGrow Campy, who had been hit by a pitch, is fined & suspended 
1973
NLCS game 3 brawl between Cins' Pete Rose & NY Met Bud Harrelson 
1973
Spyris Markezinis forms government in Greece 
1973
OPEC meets with oil companies to discuss revision of 1971 Tehran agreement and oil prices; negotiations fail. 
1974
Franklin National Bank collapses due to fraud and mismanagement; at the time it was the largest bank failure in the history of the United States. 
1976
Sex Pistols sign with EMI 
1977
Largest baseball crowd in Penns, 64,924 see Dodgers beat Phillies 4-1 in 4th NL championship game (Dodgers win pennant) 
1978
Ken Warby set world water speed record at 319.627 mph (514 kph) 
1978
Yanks win 3rd straight AL Championship, all against Kansas City 
1979
"Sugar Babies" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 1208 perfs 
1979
13th Country Music Association Award: Willie Nelson, Kenny Rogers & Barbara Mandrell wins 
1979
J McHugh & A Malvin's musical "Sugar Babies" premieres in NYC 
1980
After playing two shows at the Madison Square Garden, Bob Marley collapsed in Central Park while jogging, brought to Sloan-Kettering Hospital 
1980
British Leyland starts selling Mini Metro 
1980
USSR & Syria sign peace treaty 
1980
USSR performs nuclear test 
1981
1st broadcast of "Cagney & Lacey" on ABC-TV 
1981
USAC appeals panel restores disputed Indy 500 victory to Bobby Unser 
1981
President Reagan greeted predecessors Jimmy Carter, Gerald R Ford & Richard Nixon before sending them to Egypt for Anwar Sadat's funeral 
1982
NJ Devils 1st victory, beating NY Rangers 3-2 at Meadowlands 
1982
Poland bans Solidarity & all labor unions 
1983
1st regular season Islander OT game beat Caps 8-7 
1983
Washington Capitals 1st NHL overtime game losing to NY Islanders 8-7 
1984
18th Country Music Association Award: Alabama wins 
1985
"Rembrandt & Hitler or Me" premieres in Amsterdam 
1985
Alain Boubil/Herbert Kretzner's "Les Miserables" premieres in London 
1985
Little Richard seriously injured in a car accident 
1986
Mike Scott ties playoff record of 14 strikeouts, beats Mets 1-0 
1986
RUN DMC calls for a day of peace among LA street gangs 
1988
Fire in Seattle's Space Needle causes evacuation, $2,000 damage 
1988
Jay Howell ejected in NLCS game 3 for having pine tar on his glove 
1989
Oakland beats Toronto, 4-3 in Game 5, to advance to the World Series 
1990
24th Country Music Association Award: George Strait wins 
1990
Israeli police kill 17 Palestinian rioters 
1990
US doctors Joseph E Murray & E Donnall Thomas win Nobel Prize 
1991
The Croatian Parliament cuts all remaining ties with Yugoslavia 
1992
Nobel Prize for literature is given to West Indies poet Derek Walcott 
1992
Ottawa Senators 1st NHL game 
1992
Pioneer Venus Orbiter (1st Venus orbiter-1978), crashes into Venus 
1993
Howard Stern releases his 1st book "Private Parts" 
1993
UN lifts remaining economic sanctions against South Africa 
1994
BPAA US Women's Bowling Open won by Aleta Sill 
1995
Dolphin's Dan Marino breaks Tarkenton's NFL career completions record 
1995
Edgar Martinez drives home tying & winning runs to rally Mariners to 6-5 win in bottom of 11th to beat Yankees & win AL Division Series 
1998
Oslo Gardermoen airport opening after the close down of Fornebu. 
1999
New Coligny Calendar, NCC, The beginning of a new era of the Coligny calendar, the oldest material Celtic calendar. 
2001
U.S. President George W. Bush announces the establishment of the Office of Homeland Security. 
2001
A twin engine Cessna and Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) jetliner collide in heavy fog during takeoff from Milan, Italy killing 118. 
2003
Peter Agre and Roderick MacKinnon win the 2003 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for discoveries concerning channels in cell membranes 
2005
The Kashmir earthquake hits parts of northern South Asia at 03:50 UTC. 
2012
35 people are killed by a Nigerian military bomb struck a convoy in Maiduguri 
2012
Hugo Chávez is re-elected as president of Venezuela for a fourth term 
2012
Mustafa A.G. Abushagur, the first elected Libyan Prime Minister, is voted out of office by the Libyan parliament 
2012
John B. Gurdon and Shinya Yamanaka win the 2012 Nobel Prize for Medicine for their work on reprogramming end stage cells to become pluripotent 
2013
Peter Higgs and François Englert win the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics for their work on the origin of the mass of subatomic particles 
2014
The Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra is awarded the $1 million Birgit Nilsson Prize 
2014
Eric Betzig, Stefan Hell and William Moerner win the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy 
2016
US formally accuses Russian hackers of political cyber attacks 
2017
Nigeria first African country to qualify for 2018 soccer World Cup 
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