Today in History - Historical Events - October 31st

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Notable Historical Events on October 31st

1963J. Edgar Hoover's last meeting with President John F Kennedy

1541Michelangelo Buonarroti finishes painting The Last Judgement in the Sistine Chapel, Vatican

1906George Bernard Shaw's "Caesar & Cleopatra" premieres in NYC

1969George Harrison's "Something" is released in UK

1964Barbra Streisand's "People" album goes #1 for 5 weeks

1954Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Texas Golf Open

1982Pope John Paul II becomes first pontiff to visit Spain

1993Rapper Tupac Shakur charged with aggravated assault

1992Roman Catholic church reinstates Galileo Galilei after 359 years

1967Nguyen Van Thieu took oath of office as 1st President of South Vietnam 2nd Rep

1974Ted Bundy victim Laura Aime disappears in Utah

1959Lee Harvey Oswald announces in Moscow he will never return to USA

20142014 baseball HOF inductees: Greg Maddux, Tom Glavine, Frank Thomas, Bobby Cox, Tony La Russa and Joe Torre

1517Martin Luther posts 95 theses on Wittenberg church - precipitates the Protestant Reformation

1922Benito Mussolini (Il Duce) becomes premier of Italy

1983Paul McCartney releases "Pipes of Peace" album

1892Arthur Conan Doyle publishes The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes.

1943Washington Redskin Sammy Baugh passes for 6 touchdowns vs Bkln (48-10)

October 31st Historical Events
Date Event
445
Ezra reads the Book of the Law to the Israelites in Jerusalem (see Nehemiah 9:1, NLTse). 
BC
AD
802
Empress Irene of Byzantium driven out 
1517
Martin Luther posts 95 theses on Wittenberg church - precipitates the Protestant Reformation 
1541
Michelangelo Buonarroti finishes painting The Last Judgement in the Sistine Chapel, Vatican 
1552
Emperor Karel & Markgraaf Albecht strike siege of Metz 
1587
Leiden University Library opens its doors after its founding in 1575. 
1596
English/French/Dutch delegates sign anti-Spanish "Drievoudig Covenant" 
1617
Laurens Reael resigns as governor-general of East-Indies 
1759
Earthquake in Safed Palestine kills hundred 
1793
Execution of Girondins at Paris during Reign of Terror 
1794
John Dalton's first lecture to Manchester Literary/Philosophical Society 
1808
Holland Brigade battle at Durango, Spain 
1815
Sir Humphrey Davy of London patents miner's safety lamp 
1837
Collision of river boat Monmouth & Trement on Miss; 300 die 
1846
Donner party, unable to cross the Donner Pass, construct a winter camp 
1863
The Maori Wars resumed as British forces in New Zealand led by General Duncan Cameron began their Invasion of the Waikato. 
1864
Nevada admitted as 36th state of the Union 
1868
Standard uniform approved for US postal carriers 
1871
Founding of Netherland Protestant Union in Dokkum 
1876
Great Backerganj Cyclone of 1876 ravages British India (Modern-day Bangladesh), resulting in over 200,000 human deaths. 
1881
Metropolitan club plays its last game of its non-league season They win 80 of 151 games (18-43 versus NL teams) 
1887
Nikolai Rimski-Korsakov's "Capriccio Espagnol" premieres in St Petersburg 
1888
Scottish vet John Boyd Dunlop patents pneumatic bicycle tyre 
1892
Arthur Conan Doyle publishes The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. 
1900
AL pres Ban Johnson writes to NL pres Nick Young seeking peace 
1905
Great revolutionary demonstration for amnesty in St Petersburg 
1906
George Bernard Shaw's "Caesar & Cleopatra" premieres in NYC 
1907
Calgary City Rugby Football Club's 1st game defeating Strathcona Rugby Foot-ball Club 15-0 at Calgary 
1908
4th Olympic games ends in London 
1913
1st US paved coast-to-coast highway, the Lincoln Highway is dedicated 
1914
Great Britain & France declare war on Turkey 
1916
Clare Kummer's "Good Gracious Annabelle" premieres in NYC 
1917
Eugene O'Neill's "In the Zone" premieres in NYC 
1917
World War I: Battle of Beersheba in southern Palestine- "last successful cavalry charge in history" 
1918
Spanish flu-virus kills 21,000 in US in 1 week 
1918
Short-lived Banat Republic founded in territory where Romania, Hungary and Serbia meet 
1920
Romania annexes Bessarabia 
1921
Federation Sportive Feminine International forms (1st woman track & field association) 
1922
Benito Mussolini (Il Duce) becomes premier of Italy 
1922
Karel & Josef Capék's "World We Live In" premieres in NYC 
1923
160 consecutive days of 100 degrees F begin at Marble Bar, Australia 
1924
World Savings Day was announced in Milan, Italy, by the Members of the Association at the 1st International Savings Bank Congress (World Society of Savings Banks). 
1925
Cossack officer Reza Chan replaces sultan Ahmad as Shah of Persia 
1932
Greek government of Venizelos falls 
1936
The Boy Scouts of the Philippines was formed. 
1937
Spanish government moves from Valencia to Barcelona 
1938
Great Depression: In an effort to try restore investor confidence, the New York Stock Exchange unveils a fifteen-point program aimed to upgrade protection for the investing public. 
1939
27 U boats sunk this month (135,000 ton) 
1940
63 U boats sunk this month (325,000 ton) 
1940
Battle of Britain, fought between the RAF and Luftwaffe over the English Channel and southern England, ends 
1940
Deadline for Warsaw Jews to move into Warsaw Ghetto 
1941
13 U boats sunk this month (62,000 ton) 
1941
Mount Rushmore Monument is completed 
1941
Prior to US joining WW II, Germany torpedoes US destroyer Reuben James 
1941
Clothing factory fire in Huddersfield, England kills 49 
1942
94 U boats sunk this month (619,000 ton) 
1942
9th day of the Battle of El Alamein 
1943
Washington Redskin Sammy Baugh passes for 6 touchdowns vs Bkln (48-10) 
1943
World War II: F4U Corsair accomplishes the first successful radar-guided interception. 
1944
Chief of staff Kruls names De Quay chairman of Universal Commission 
1949
"Regina" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 86 performances 
1949
Dutch Nazi Henri 'Hakkie' Holdert, director of Amsterdam paper De Telegraaf and member of the SS, sentenced to 12 years imprisonment 
1949
WOC (now KWQC) TV channel 6 in Davenport, IA (NBC) 1st broadcast 
1950
Collazo & Torresola attempt to kill Harry Truman in Washington, DC 
1951
French Second Chamber accepts the Schuman Plan 
1952
1st thermonuclear bomb detonated at Marshall Islands 
1953
TV broadcasting begins in Belgium 
1954
Algerian Revolution against French begins 
1954
Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Texas Golf Open 
1954
KREM TV channel 2 in Spokane, WA (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting 
1955
Mgr Alfrink appointed archbishop of Utrecht 
1956
Rear Adm GJ Dufek becomes 1st American to land an airplane at South Pole 
1956
Britain & France begin to bomb Egypt to reopen Suez Canal 
1956
Brooklyn, NY ends streetcar service 
1957
"Jamaica" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 558 performances 
1959
Lee Harvey Oswald announces in Moscow he will never return to USA 
1959
USSR & Egypt sign contracts for building Aswan Dam 
1960
Cyclone hits coast of Gulf of Bengal; about 10,000 die 
1961
Hurricane Hattie, kills 400 in British Honduras 
1961
Federal judge rules that Birmingham, Alabama, laws against integrated playing fields are illegal 
1963
Ed Sullivan witnesses Beatles & their fans at London Airport 
1963
J. Edgar Hoover's last meeting with President John F Kennedy 
1963
Leaking propane gas explodes kills 64 at 'Holiday on Ice' (Indiana) 
1964
Barbra Streisand's "People" album goes #1 for 5 weeks 
1967
KIMO TV channel 13 in Anchorage, AK (ABC) begins broadcasting 
1967
Nguyen Van Thieu took oath of office as 1st President of South Vietnam 2nd Rep 
1967
SF's Mike McCormick wins NL Cy Young Award 
1968
Linda Eastman moves to UK permanently 
1968
Milwaukee Bucks win their 1st game beating Detroit 138-118 (6th game) 
1968
President Johnson orders a halt to all bombing of North Vietnam 
1968
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1969
George Harrison's "Something" is released in UK 
1969
Race riot in Jacksonville Florida 
1971
"On the Town" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 65 performances 
1971
The Irish Republican Army (IRA) explode a bomb at the Post Office Tower in London 
1972
Gaylord Perry wins AL Cy Young award 
1972
2 Catholic children (6 and 4) playing on the street are killed in a Ulster Freedom Fighters (UFF) car bomb attack on a bar in Ship Street, Belfast 
1973
Tom Seaver wins NL Cy Young Award 
1973
Three Provisional Irish Republican Army volunteers escape from Mountjoy Prison in Dublin using a hijacked helicopter 
1974
Ted Bundy victim Laura Aime disappears in Utah 
1974
Dutch Marines end hostage crisis in Scheveningen prison 
1975
Bob Geldof's first appearance with Boomtown Rats 
1976
Javed Miandad, 206 v NZ, age 19 yrs 141 days (29 fours 1 six) 
1978
Iranian oil workers go on strike 
1978
People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (South) adopts constitution 
1979
Mike Flanagan, wins AL Cy Young Award 
1979
US DC-10 crashes at Mexico-City, 74 killed 
1980
Julian Nott sets world hot-air balloon altitude record (16,806 m) 
1980
Polish government recognizes Solidarity trade union 
1980
Senegal routes troops to Gambia due to Libyan threat 
1981
1st live US radio drama in 25 years (Halloween Story on NBC) 
1982
"Rock 'n Roll!: The 1st..." closes at St James NYC after 9 perfs 
1982
Pope John Paul II becomes first pontiff to visit Spain 
1983
Paul McCartney releases "Pipes of Peace" album 
1983
Ron Grant completes a 217 day, 8,316 mile run around Australia 
1984
Howard Goodall & Melvyn Bragg's musical "Hired Man" premieres in London 
1984
Puerto Rican tanker 'San Francisco' explodes spilling 2 million gallons of oil as ship caught fire 
1984
Indian PM Indira Gandhi is assassinated by her bodyguards Satwant Singh and Beant Singh at her home in New Delhi 
1985
Last day in Test cricket for Zaheer Abbas 
1987
1st jockey to win 9 races in 1 day (Chris Antley at Belmont) 
1987
A pair in Coventry, England, ties world record for longest singles tennis match at 80 hrs 21 minutes 
1988
19°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in Oct 
1988
1st Monday Night NFL game in Indianapolis, Colts beat Denver 55-23 
1988
Journalists demand greater press freedom in Yugoslavia 
1989
AR Gurney's "Love Letters" premieres in NYC 
1989
France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island 
1989
Turgat Ozal elected president of Turkey 
1989
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1990
Pakistan make 3-0 drubbing of NZ, Waqar Younis 29 series wkts 
1991
Palestinians attend US mideast peace talks in Madrid 
1992
Don Keller makes his 18,000th sky diver 
1992
Roman Catholic church reinstates Galileo Galilei after 359 years 
1992
Horse Racing Breeders' Cup Champs: A P Indy, Fraise, Gilded Time, Liza, Lure, Paseana, Thirty Slews at Gulfstream Park 
1993
"Wonderful Tennessee" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 9 perfs 
1993
25 people killed during Ghana-Ivory Coast soccer match 
1993
Germany unemployment hits country record of 3.5 million 
1993
Rapper Tupac Shakur charged with aggravated assault 
1993
US wins Nichirei International LPGA Golf Tournament 
1994
American Eagle ATR-72 crash down at Gary, Indiana: 68 killed 
1995
NHL NJ Devils agree to stay in NJ 
1996
Transportes Aéreos Regionais (TAM) Flight 402, a Fokker F100, crashes into several houses in São Paulo, Brazil killing 98 including 2 on the ground. 
1997
British au pair Louise Woodward, 19, sentenced to life for the death of Matthew Eappen 8½ months (judge changes to time served) 
1998
Iraq disarmament crisis begins: Iraq announces it would no longer cooperate with United Nations weapons inspectors. 
1999
Roman Catholic Church and Lutheran Church leaders sign the Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification, ending a centuries-old doctrinal dispute over the nature of faith and salvation. 
1999
Yachtsman Jesse Martin returns to Melbourne after 11 months of circumnavigating the world, solo, non-stop and unassisted. 
1999
EgyptAir Flight 990 traveling from New York City to Cairo crashes off the coast of Nantucket, Massachusetts, killing all 217 on-board. 
2000
The last Multics (Multiplexed Information and Computing Service) machine was shut down. 
2000
A chartered Antonov An-26 explodes after takeoff in Northern Angola killing 50 
2000
A Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 operating as Flight 006 collides with construction equipment upon takeoff in Taipei, Taiwan killing 79 passengers and four crew members 
2002
A federal grand jury in Houston, Texas formally indicted former Enron Corp. chief financial officer Andrew Fastow on 78 counts of wire fraud, money laundering, conspiracy and obstruction of justice related to the collapse of his ex-employer. 
2003
A bankruptcy court approves MCI's reorganization plans, essentially clearing the telecommunications company to exit bankruptcy. 
2003
Mahathir bin Mohamad resigns as Prime Minister of Malaysia and is replaced by Deputy Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, marking an end to Mahathir's 22 years in power. 
2010
Belgium leaves the recession with 0.5% growth in the third quarter 
2011
The world population reaches 7 billion inhabitants according to the United Nations 
2012
The New York stock exchange opens after being closed for two days after Hurricane Sandy 
2014
2014 baseball HOF inductees: Greg Maddux, Tom Glavine, Frank Thomas, Bobby Cox, Tony La Russa and Joe Torre 
2015
Russian passenger plane crashes in Sinai with 224 people on board 
2015
World Series: Mets pick up must-win victory over Royals, win 9-3 
2015
Rugby World Cup 2015: All Blacks overcome Wallabies to make history 
2016
Cubs stay alive with win over Indians 
2016
Car strikes 22 pedestrians in parking lot after NASCAR race at Martinsville 
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