Today in History - Historical Events - October 28th

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Notable Historical Events on October 28th

1893Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky conducts first performance of his Symphony Number Six in B minor, "Pathetique"

1954Nobel prize for literature awarded to Ernest Hemingway

1936FDR rededicates Statue of Liberty on its 50th anniversary

1924M.de Bruin, a quarry man and miner, discovers an infant fossil skull in a lime quarry in Taung, South Africa. Popularly known as the Taung child, Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart identifies the fossil as a new hominin species called Australopithecus africanus (The Southern Africa Ape).

1962Cuban missile crisis: US President Kennedy receives letter from Soviet Leaderr Khrushchev suggesting agreement

1940Meeting between Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini in Florence

1793Eli Whitney applies for a patent on cotton gin

312Emperor Constantine the Great beats rival Maxentius at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge

2001The indie cult hit "Donnie Darko", starring Jake Gyllenhaal, is released

1492Christopher Columbus discovers Cuba and claims it for Spain

1886Statue of Liberty dedicated by US President Grover Cleveland, celebrated by first confetti (ticker tape) parade in New York City

306Mark Aurelius Valerius Maxentius proclaimed emperor of Rome

1928Bradman scores 131 NSW v Queensland, 212 mins, 14 fours

1922Benito Mussolini takes control of Italy's government

1958Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, elected Pope, taking name John XXIII

1978Bobby Orr scores his last career NHL goal (vs Detroit Red Wings)

October 28th Historical Events
Date Event
306
Mark Aurelius Valerius Maxentius proclaimed emperor of Rome 
312
Emperor Constantine the Great beats rival Maxentius at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge 
969
Byzantine troops occupy Antioch (in modern Syria) 
1061
Emperor disposes of bishop Cadalus & Pope Honorius II 
1422
Charles V's son succeeds him as king Charles VII of France 
1467
Battle at Brustem: Charles the Stoute beats the Luikenaars 
1492
Christopher Columbus discovers Cuba and claims it for Spain 
1516
Battle of Yaunis Khan: Turkish forces under the Grand Vizier Sinan Pasha defeat the Mameluks near Gaza. 
1531
Battle of Amba Sel: Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi again defeats the army of Lebna Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia. The southern part of Ethiopia falls under Imam Ahmad's control. 
1538
The first university in the New World, the Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, is established. 
1574
Prince Willem of Orange installs university 
1595
Battle at Giurgevo: Zsigmond Bathory of Transylvania beats Turks 
1612
Robert Dowland appointed court luitist of King James I 
1628
Hugenot bulwark La Rochelle surrenders to Cardinal Richelieu 
1636
Harvard University (Cambridge, Massachusetts) founded 
1646
First Protestant church assembly for American indians (Massachusetts) 
1664
The Duke of York and Albany's Maritime Regiment of Foot, later to be known as the Royal Marines, is established. 
1740
Ivan VI becomes Tsar of Russia [OS=Oct 17] 
1746
Peruvian cities of Lima & Callao demolished by earthquake, 18,000 die 
1776
Battle of White Plains; Washington retreats to NJ 
1790
New York gives up claims to Vermont for $30,000 
1793
Eli Whitney applies for a patent on cotton gin 
1834
The Battle of Pinjarra occurs in the Swan River Colony in present-day Pinjarra, Western Australia. Between 14 and 40 Aborigines are killed by British colonists. 
1846
Pioneers suffer blizzard in Sierra Nevada; 42 die 
1848
The first railroad in Spain - between Barcelona and Mataró - is opened. 
1858
R. H. Macy & Co opens 1st store, (6th Ave-NYC) Gross receipts $11.06 
1863
Battle at Wauhatchie, Georgia: 865 killed or injured 
1864
Second Battle of Newtonia (American Civil War), Newton County, Missouri 
1864
Second Battle at Fair Oaks, Virginia, ends with 1554 casualties 
1864
Battle of Wauhatchie, TN 
1867
Maimonides College in Pennsylvania is first Jewish college in the US 
1882
Athletics reveal $22,000 profit in their 1st season in the American Association 
1886
Statue of Liberty dedicated by US President Grover Cleveland, celebrated by first confetti (ticker tape) parade in New York City 
1890
Last NL-AA World Series game Bkln ties Louisville 3 games & 1 tie 
1891
Quake strikes Mino-Owari, Japan kills 7,300 
1893
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky conducts first performance of his Symphony Number Six in B minor, "Pathetique" 
1894
German emperor Wilhelm II fires chancellor Leo von Caprivi & premier Botho zu Eulenburg 
1900
After over 5 months second Olympic games in Paris, France, close 
1904
St Louis police try a new investigation method - fingerprints 
1906
Belgian-British "Union Minière du Haut Katanga" mining company created in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo 
1908
The English Newspaper the Daily Telegraph prints an interview with Germany's Kaiser Wilhelm II, who characterises himself as personally friendly to Britain but suggests the German people people are hostile, causing uproar in both countries 
1911
Bill Dobbie of Calgary Tigers kicks 10 singles in a game 
1914
German battle cruiser Goeben enters Black Sea 
1914
Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, founded at Howard University, incorporates 
1915
Richard Strauss' Alpensymfonie, premieres in Berlin 
1916
Australian government holds a national referendum seeking support for the proposal of compulsory conscription; it is rejected 
1918
Czechoslovakia gains independence as Austria-Hungary breaks up 
1919
Volstead Act passed by US Congress, establishing prohibition, despite President Wilson's veto 
1921
Amsterdam's Tuschinski movie theater opens 
1922
First US coast-to-coast radio broadcast of a football game 
1922
Benito Mussolini takes control of Italy's government 
1924
French-Russian trade agreement signed 
1924
White Sox beat NY Giants 8-4 in Dublin, less than 20 fans attend 
1924
M.de Bruin, a quarry man and miner, discovers an infant fossil skull in a lime quarry in Taung, South Africa. Popularly known as the Taung child, Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart identifies the fossil as a new hominin species called Australopithecus africanus (The Southern Africa Ape). 
1927
Josip Broz (Tito) begins 7 months jail sentence in Croatia 
1927
KLM-plane "Homing Pigeon" leaves Neth-Indies after 1st regular flight 
1928
Bradman scores 131 NSW v Queensland, 212 mins, 14 fours 
1928
Indonesian child laws enforced in Bahasa Indonesia 
1929
Dow Jones plummets 38.33 pts (13%) to 260.64 
1934
Brooklyn & Pittsburgh play a penalty free NFL game 
1935
Sidney Kingsley's "Dead End" premieres in NYC 
1936
FDR rededicates Statue of Liberty on its 50th anniversary 
1938
Farewell parade of International Brigade (Barcelona) 
1939
Anti-German demonstrations/strikes in Czechoslovakia 
1939
Spitfire shoots German Heinkel-111 down above Scotland 
1940
Greece successfully resists Italy's attack 
1940
Meeting between Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini in Florence 
1942
6th day battle at El Alamein: British offensive under Montgomery 
1942
Train crashes into bus, killing 16 & injuring 20 (Detroit Michigan) 
1943
U-220 sinks 
1944
Russia & Bulgaria sign weapons pact 
1946
German rocket engineers begin work in USSR 
1948
Flag of Israel is adopted 
1949
Georges Bidault elected president of France 
1951
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1952
Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Women's Texas Golf Open 
1953
Bud Grant of Winnipeg Blue Bombers intercepts 5 passes (record) 
1953
Red Barber, resigns as Dodger sportscaster to join Yankees 
1954
Major league owners vote down sale of A's to a Phila syndicate 
1954
N Richard Nash' "Rainmaker" premieres in NYC 
1954
Nobel prize for literature awarded to Ernest Hemingway 
1955
Egypt & Saudi Arabia sign defense treaty 
1956
Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Luctuosissimi eventus 
1957
WMVS TV channel 10 in Milwaukee, WI (PBS) begins broadcasting 
1958
Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, elected Pope, taking name John XXIII 
1958
Pete Runnels wins Comeback Player of Year (avg went from .230 to .322) 
1959
Buffalo Bills enter AFL 
1959
Jean Genet's "Les Negres" premieres in Paris 
1961
"Fiorello!" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 796 performances 
1961
Ground broken for Municipal (Shea) Stadium for NY Mets 
1962
NY Giant YA Tittle passes for 7 touchdowns vs Wash Redskins (49-34) 
1962
Radio Moscow reports nuclear missiles in Cuba deactivated 
1962
USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 
1962
Cuban missile crisis: US President Kennedy receives letter from Soviet Leaderr Khrushchev suggesting agreement 
1965
Gateway Arch (630' (190m) high) completed in St Louis, Missouri 
1965
Pope Paul VI proclaims Jews not collectively guilty for crucifixion 
1966
Belgium's Gaston Roelants runs 12-4/5 miles in 1 hour 
1970
NBA Cleveland Cavaliers 1st home game, lose to San Diego 110-99 
1970
US/USSR sign an agreement to discuss joint space efforts 
1971
Great Britain becomes 6th nation to have a satellite (Prospero) in orbit 
1971
John & Yoko record "Happy Xmas (War is Over)" in NYC 
1972
"Mother Earth" closes at Belasco Theater NYC after 12 performances 
1973
Elmore Smith of Lakers blocks 17 shots in a game (NBA record) 
1973
Sharon Miller wins LPGA Corpus Christi Civitan Golf Open 
1974
1st time 2 Islanders hat trick in same game-MacMillian & Westfall 
1974
Luna 23 launched (landing on Moon) 
1974
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1975
Calvin Murphy (Houston) begins NBA free throw streak of 58 games 
1975
Cleveland Metroparks assume operating responsibilities for Zoo 
1975
Venezuela and foreign oil companies agree on nationalization as of January 1, 1976 
1976
Billy Martin named AL Manager of Year (NY Yankees) 
1976
Train collision at Goes Neth, 7 die 
1978
Don Ritchie runs world record 100k (6:10:20) 
1978
Bobby Orr scores his last career NHL goal (vs Detroit Red Wings) 
1979
Dick Howser (best Yank mngr win-lost pct .636) replaces Billy Martin 
1979
USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 
1981
Edward M McIntrye elected 1st black mayor of Augusta Georgia 
1981
NY Yankee George Frazier loses 3 World Series games 
1982
NASA launches RCA-E 
1982
Spain's socialists win/communists lose elections 
1984
14th NYC Women's Marathon won by Grete Waitz in 2:29:30 
1984
15th NYC Marathon won by Orlando Pizzolato in 2:14:53 
1984
Hollis Stacy wins LPGA Nichirei Cup Team Match Golf Tournament 
1985
Ravi Ratnayeke takes 8-83 for Sri Lanka v Pakistan 
1986
KOB-AM in Albuquerque NM changes call letters to KKOB 
1986
KOB-TV in Albuquerque NM's final transmission 
1986
The centennial of the Statue of Liberty's dedication is celebrated in New York Harbor. 
1988
Jurors award $147,000 to Tacoma parishioner seduced by her minister 
1988
Microsoft cofounder Paul Allen gives $10 million to University of Washington library 
1989
Oakland A's sweep SF Giants in earthquake/BART series 
1992
Lee Jang Rim predicts that today would be the end of the world! 
1993
Cleveland Metroparks lease Brookside Park from Cleveland for 99-years 
1993
Dutch Antilles government of Liberia-Peters resigns 
1994
Japanese space probe Sakigake passes Earth for 3rd time 
1995
Atlanta Braves beat Cleveland Indians in 6 games in World Series 
1995
Horse Racing Breeders' Cup Champs: Cigar, Desert Stormer, Inside Information, My Flag, Northern Spur, Ridgewood Pearl, Unbridled's Song 
1996
Goa upset Karnataka to win their 1st Ranji Cricket Trophy game ever 
1997
NBA announces hiring of Dee Kantner & Violet Palmer as 1st women to officiate a major-league all-male sports league 
1998
An Air China (Mainland China) jetliner is hijacked by disgruntled pilot Yuan Bin and flown to Taiwan. 
2001
The indie cult hit "Donnie Darko", starring Jake Gyllenhaal, is released 
2005
Plame affair: Lewis Libby, Vice-president Dick Cheney's chief of staff, is indicted in the Valerie Plame case. Libby resigns later that day. 
2006
Funeral service for the peace of the executed at Bykivnia forest, outside of Kiev, Ukraine, with reburial of 817 Ukrainian civilians (out of some 100,000) executed by Bolsheviks at Bykivnia in 1930s - early 1940s. 
2008
In the UK, 500,000 mortgage holders are left in negative equity after house prices drop 15% since the previous summer 
2009
The 28 October 2009 Peshawar bombing kills 117 and wounds 213. 
2009
NASA successfully launches the Ares I-X mission, the only rocket launch for its later-cancelled Constellation program. 
2012
Syrian ceasefire collapses and 128 people are killed in ongoing civil war violence 
2012
15 people are killed and 33 injured by a series of Baghdad car bombings 
2012
Sebastian Vettel wins the 2012 Formula One Indian Grand Prix 
2012
San Francisco Giants defeat the Detroit Tigers in game four to take the 2012 MLB World Series 
2012
Pablo Sandoval is named MLB 2012 World Series MVP. 
2014
Kansas City Royals defeat the San Francisco Giants 10—0 in the 6th game to tie the 2014 World Series 3-3 
2015
US astronauts conclude 7-hour spacewalk, 250 miles above Earth 
2016
Plane With Mike Pence Aboard Skids Off La Guardia Runway 
2016
Clinton Reaps $53 Million in Campaign Cash in 19 Days 
2016
Bundy Brothers Acquitted in Takeover of Oregon Wildlife Refuge 
2016
World Series returns to Wrigley for first time in 71 years 
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