Today in History - Historical Events - October 23rd

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Notable Historical Events on October 23rd

1998Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Chairman Yasser Arafat reach a "land for peace" agreement.

1945Jackie Robinson signs Montreal Royal contract

1933John Dillinger and his gang rob Central National Bank, in Greencastle, Indiana. They take $75, 000

1978Sid Vicious attempts suicide while at Riker's Detention Center in NYC

1917Lenin speaks against Kamenev, Kollontai, Stalin & Trotsky

42 BCRoman Republican civil wars: Second Battle of Philippi - Brutus's army is decisively defeated by Mark Antony and Octavian. Brutus commits suicide.

1963Neil Simon's "Barefoot in the Park" premieres in NYC

1681French troops under King Louis XIV occupy Staatsburg

1935Mackenzie King is elected as Prime Minister of Canada for the third time

1993Joe Carter (Toronto Blue Jays) hits a World Series winning walk-off home run against the Philadelphia Phillies

1989George Harrison releases "Best of Dark Horse 1976-89" album

1941Walt Disney's animation "Dumbo" released

1642Battle of Edgehill (Warwickshire): King Charles I beat English parliamentarian forces

1958Soviet novelist Boris Pasternak, wins Nobel Prize for Literature

2008Joe Sakic scores his final career goal (#625) against the Edmonton Oilers

1923Babe Ruth makes a postseason exhibition appearance in a Giants uniform

October 23rd Historical Events
Date Event
4004
Creation of the world begins according to the calculations of Archbishop James Ussher 
42
Roman Republican civil wars: Second Battle of Philippi - Brutus's army is decisively defeated by Mark Antony and Octavian. Brutus commits suicide. 
BC
AD
425
Valentinian III is elevated to Roman Emperor, at the age of 6. 
502
The Synodus Palmaris, called by Gothic king Theodoric the Great, discharges Pope Symmachus of all charges, thus ending the schism of Antipope Laurentius. 
585
Burgundy king Guntram opens synod of Mâcon (Mastico) 
787
Byzantine empress Irene recovers Iconclastic cult at Nicaea 
1086
Battle of az-Zallaqah: Army of Yusuf ibn Tashfin defeats the forces of Castilian King Alfonso VI 
1091
Tornado (possible T8/F4) strikes the heart of London killing two and demolishing the wooden London Bridge 
1157
The Battle of Grathe Heath ends the civil war in Denmark. King Sweyn III is killed and Valdemar I restores the country. 
1229
Otto II becomes earl of Gelre 
1520
King Carlos I crowned German emperor Charles V 
1588
Remnants of Medina Sidonia's Spanish Armada returns to Santander 
1641
Outbreak of the Irish Rebellion of 1641 - Catholic uprising in Ulster 
1642
Battle of Edgehill (Warwickshire): King Charles I beat English parliamentarian forces 
1644
Sea battle of Fehmarn Sont: Adm Thijssen beats Denen 
1668
Jews of Barbados forbidden to engage in retail trade 
1679
Meal Tub Plot against James Duke of York (future James II of England) 
1681
French troops under King Louis XIV occupy Staatsburg 
1684
Colony Massachusetts under authority of English crown mounted 
1690
Revolt in Haarlem after public ban on smoking 
1694
American colonial forces, led by Sir William Phipps, fail to seize Quebec. 
1702
Battle of Bay of Vigo: Dutch & English fleet destroy & occupy Spanish silver fleet & French squadron 
1739
War of Jenkins' Ear starts: British Prime Minister, Robert Walpole, reluctantly declares war on Spain. 
1760
First Jewish prayer books printed in North America 
1775
Continental Congress approves resolution barring blacks from army 
1790
Slaves revolt in Haiti (later suppressed) 
1803
English physicist John Dalton reads his essay on the absorption of gases by water and presents a series of atomic weights for 21 simple and compound elements at a meeting of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society 
1805
Sailing ship "Aeneus" sinks off Newfoundland killing 340 
1812
Failed coup against emperor Napoleon 
1813
The Pacific Fur Company trading post in Astoria, Oregon is turned over to the rival British North West Company (the fur trade in the Pacific Northwest was dominated for the next three decades by the United Kingdom). 
1814
1st plastic surgery is performed (England) 
1824
1st steam locomotive is introduced 
1853
Maastricht-Aken railway in Netherlands opens 
1854
The Times gives precise British positions in Crimea 
1864
Battle of Westport, Missouri: Union General Samuel R Curtis defeats Confederate General Stirling Price 
1867
72 Senators are summoned by Royal Proclamation to serve as the first members of the Canadian Senate. 
1871
Columbia & Sappho (US) beat Livonia (UK) in 3rd America's Cup 
1876
New Orleans Mint reopens as an assay office 
1884
1st World Series OKed by AA, Providence (NL) beats NY Mets (AA) 6-0 
1886
St Louis Browns win World Championship by beating Chicago 4-3 in 10 
1888
Pelham Bay Park in Bronx vested 
1890
Opera "Prince Igor" is produced (St Petersburg) 
1893
C Dazey's "In Old Kentucky" premieres in NYC (27 seasons) 
1905
Edward Milton Royle's "Squaw Man" premieres in NYC 
1910
Blanche Scott became first woman solo a public airplane flight 
1910
Phila A's beat Chicago Cubs 4 games to 1 in 7th World Series 
1910
Ritz Hotel in Madrid opens: 200 chambers/100 bathtubs 
1915
1st national horseshoe throwing championship (Kellerton, Iowa) 
1915
25,000 women march in New York City demanding right to vote 
1917
1st Infantry division "Big Red One" shoots 1st US shot in WW I 
1917
Lenin speaks against Kamenev, Kollontai, Stalin & Trotsky 
1919
Romberg & Atteridge's musical "Passing Show" premieres in NYC 
1920
Chicago grand jury indicts Abe Attell, Hal Chase, & Bill Burns as go-betweens in Black Sox World Series scandal 
1920
African demonstrators shot in Port Elizabeth, South Africa 
1921
Green Bay Packers play 1st NFL game, 7-6 win over Minneapolis 
1921
Leos Janacek's opera "Kat'a Kabanova" premieres in Brno 
1922
Channing Pollock's "Fool" premieres in NYC 
1922
Conservative Andrew Bonar Law forms government in United Kingdom 
1923
Babe Ruth makes a postseason exhibition appearance in a Giants uniform 
1923
Giants defeat Balt Orioles 9-0 to benefit former Giants owner John Day 
1927
Town of Netanya Israel founded by Nathan Strauss 
1932
"Fred Allen Show" premieres on radio 
1932
Pieter G Marais, S Afr minister of Education/Development aid 
1933
John Dillinger and his gang rob Central National Bank, in Greencastle, Indiana. They take $75, 000 
1934
Jean Piccard & Jeanette Ridlen attain balloon height of 17.341 m (rec) 
1935
Gabby Hartnett selected NL MVP 
1935
Johnny Revolta wins PGA golf tournament 
1935
Dutch Schultz, Abe Landau, Otto Berman, and Bernard "Lulu" Rosencrantz are fatally shot at a saloon in Newark, New Jersey in what will become known as The Chophouse Massacre. 
1935
Mackenzie King is elected as Prime Minister of Canada for the third time 
1941
Walt Disney's animation "Dumbo" released 
1942
First ships of invasion fleet to Morocco leave Norfolk 
1942
During WW II, Britain launches major offensive at El Alamein, Egypt 
1942
German units go through Red October-factory in Stalingrad 
1942
All 12 passengers and crewmen aboard an American Airlines DC-3 airliner are killed when it is struck by a U.S. Army Air Forces bomber near Palm Springs, California. Amongst the victims is award-winning composer and songwriter Ralph Rainger ("Thanks for the Memory", "Love in Bloom", "Blue Hawaii"). 
1943
First Jewish transport out of Rome reaches camp Birkenau 
1943
Burma railway opens 
1944
First Central Kitchen opens in Amsterdam 
1944
Gulf of Leyte battle begin 
1944
Soviet army invades Hungary 
1944
Vice-adm Kurita's sailboat Atago sinks 
1945
Jackie Robinson signs Montreal Royal contract 
1946
UN General Assembly 2nd session convenes (1st NYC-Flushing Meadows) 
1947
NAACP petition on racism "An Appeal to the World" presented to UN 
1947
Husband & wife Dr Carl Cori & Dr Gerty Cori are 1st spouses to be awarded joint Nobel Prizes 
1950
President Elpidio Quirino issued Executive Order No. 355 which replaced the National Land Settlement Administration with Land Settlement Development Corporation (LASEDECO) which takes over the responsibilities of the Agricultural Machinery Equipment Corporation and the Rice and Corn Production Administration 
1953
France grants Laos' sovereignty 
1953
German FR applies to NATO 
1953
WTRF TV channel 7 in Wheeling-Steubenville, WV (CBS) 1st broadcast 
1954
Britain, England, France & USSR agree to end occupation of Germany 
1954
German FR joins NATO 
1954
Pakistan governor-general Ghoelan Mohammed disbands parliament 
1954
WSAU TV channel 7 in Wausau, WI (CBS) begins broadcasting 
1955
Dominican League moves to winter baseball for 1st time 
1956
First video recording on magnetic tape televised coast-to-coast 
1956
Revolt against Stalinist policies begins in Hungary 
1956
Thousands of Hungarians protest against the government and Soviet occupation. (The Hungarian Revolution is crushed on November 4). 
1957
First test firing of Vanguard satellite launch vehicle, TV-3 
1958
De Gaulle offers Algerians defiance "peace of the brave" 
1958
Soviet novelist Boris Pasternak, wins Nobel Prize for Literature 
1958
USSR lends money to UAR to build Aswan High Dam 
1958
The Springhill Mine Bump - An underground earthquake traps 174 miners in the No. 2 colliery at Springhill, Nova Scotia, the deepest coal mine in North America at the time. By November 1, rescuers from around the world had dug out 100 of the victims, marking the death toll at 74. 
1959
Chinese troops move into India, 17 die 
1961
"Kwamina" opens at 54th St Theater NYC for 32 performances 
1961
USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR 
1962
Adlai Stevenson speaks at UN about Cuba crisis 
1962
USAF Major Robert A Rushworth takes X-15 to 40,800m 
1962
WCIV TV channel 4 in Charleston, SC (NBC) begins broadcasting 
1963
Neil Simon's "Barefoot in the Park" premieres in NYC 
1964
Japanese beat Russian for 1st Olympic Gold in woman's volleyball 
1964
Time Magazine uses term "op art" for 1st time 
1966
Sandra Spuzich/Jack Rule wins Haig & Haig Scotch Mixed Foursome Golf 
1967
"Henry, Sweet Henry" opens at Palace Theater NYC for 80 performances 
1967
NJ Americans (later NY/NJ Nets) play 1st ABA game 
1968
"Maggie Flynn" opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 82 performances 
1968
Kip Keino (Kenya) wins gold medal for 1,500m (3 min 34.9 sec) 
1969
"Jimmy" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 84 performances 
1970
Gary Gabelich sets auto speed record 622.4 mph (1,001 kph) 
1970
Charles Haughey and two others are found not guilty of illegal arms importation by a Dublin jury; the 'Arms Trial' began on 28 May 1970 
1971
WXLT (now WWSB) TV channel 40 in Sarasota-Bradenton, FL (ABC) begins 
1971
Two female members of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) are shot dead by the British Army in the Lower Falls area of Belfast 
1971
Three Catholic civilians are shot dead by the British Army during an attempted robbery in Newry, County Down 
1972
"Pippin" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 1944 performances 
1972
Access credit cards introduced in Great Britain 
1972
WNJS TV channel 23 in Camden, NJ (PBS) begins broadcasting 
1972
Loyalist paramilitaries carry out raid on an Ulster Defence Regiment 
1973
Nixon agrees to turn over White House tape recordings to Judge Sirica 
1973
UN's revised International Telecommunication Convention adopted 
1973
Yankee GM & pres Lee MacPhail named AL president 
1973
Arab oil embargo extended to the Netherlands 
1974
Cubs trade Billy Williams to A's for Manny Trillo, Knowles & Locker 
1974
Lake Isaac in Cleveland Metroparks' Big Creek Reservation dedicated 
1975
Battle between Cuba & South Africa troops in Angola 
1975
Islander Glenn Resch's 5th shut-out opponent-Flyers 3-0 
1977
7th NYC Women's Marathon won by Miki Gorman in 2:43:10 
1977
8th NYC Marathon won by Bill Rodgers in 2:11:38 
1977
Panamanians vote 2:1 to approve new Canal treaties 
1977
Paleontologist Elso Barghoorn announces that 34-billion-year-old one-celled fossils, the earliest life forms, had been discovered 
1978
CBS raises LP prices to $8.98 
1978
China & Japan formally ends 4 decades of dissension 
1978
Sid Vicious attempts suicide while at Riker's Detention Center in NYC 
1979
Billy Martin is involved in a barroom altercation with Joseph Cooper, a Minn marshmallow salesman. Cooper requires 15 stitches 
1980
"Tintypes" opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 93 performances 
1980
McCosker (168) & Dyson (152) make 319 opening stand cricket, NSW v WA 
1980
Soviet PM Nikolai Tichonov succeeds Alexei Kosygin, due to illness 
1981
US national debt hits $1 trillion 
1983
13th NYC Women's Marathon won by Grete Waitz in 2:27:00 
1983
14th NYC Marathon won by Rod Dixon in 2:08:59 
1983
400,000 demonstrate in Brussels, against cruise missile 
1983
Suicide terrorist truck bomb kills 243 US personnel in Beirut 
1984
Cubs Rick Sutcliffe, selected as a unanimous choice as NL Cy Young 
1984
NBC airs BBC footage of Ethiopian famine 
1984
STS 51-A launch vehicle moves to launch pad 
1987
Dutch government gives Fokker's Aircraft Ÿ212 million credit 
1987
France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island 
1987
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1988
Boston Celtics play Spain in Madrid 
1988
Robert Bork's supreme court nomination rejected by US Senate 
1989
Browns' Bernie Kosar sets club record with a 97-yard TD pass 
1989
George Harrison releases "Best of Dark Horse 1976-89" album 
1989
Hungary proclaims itself a republic & declares communist rule ended 
1989
US 62nd manned space mission STS 34 (Atlantis 5) returns from space 
1989
William Nicholson's "Shadowlands" premieres in London 
1990
Iraq announces release of 330 French hostages 
1991
"Les Miserables" opens at Mogador Theatre, Paris 
1991
Clarence Thomas sworn in as US Supreme Court Justice 
1991
Dr Jack Kevorkian's suicide machine kills 2 women 
1992
Emperor Akihito becomes the first Emperor of Japan to stand on Chinese soil. 
1993
Seven people killed by IRA bomb attack in Belfast 
1993
Paramilitia kills 22 demonstrators at Bijbihara in Indian-controlled Kashmir 
1993
Tor Blue Jays beat Philadelphia Phillies, 4 games to 2, in 89th World Series 
1993
Joe Carter (Toronto Blue Jays) hits a World Series winning walk-off home run against the Philadelphia Phillies 
1994
3rd Solheim Cup: US beats Europe, 13-7 at Greenbrier WV 
1996
NY Yankees set record by coming back from 6-0 in World Series game to beat Atlanta Braves 8-6, also set record of 7th straight road win 
1997
"Triumph of Love" opens at Royale Theater NYC 
1997
At 6:11 AM San Francisco experiences a black out 
1997
Dow Jones drops 186.88 pts 
1997
Les Alexander, owner of Houston Rockets buys NHL's Edmonton Oilers 
1998
Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Chairman Yasser Arafat reach a "land for peace" agreement. 
2000
"Monday Night Miracle", down 30-7 at the end of the third quarter, the New York Jets pulled together a rapid and improbable comeback with 4 touchdowns and a field goal in the fourth quarter, eventually defeating the Miami Dolphins 40-37 in overtime 
2001
The Provisional Irish Republican Army of Northern Ireland commences disarmament after peace talks. 
2001
Apple releases the iPod. 
2002
Moscow Theatre Siege begins: Chechen rebels seize the House of Culture theater in Moscow and take approximately 700 theater-goers hostage. 
2004
A powerful earthquake and its aftershocks hit Niigata prefecture, northern Japan, killing 35 people, injuring 2,200, and leaving 85,000 homeless or evacuated. 
2008
Joe Sakic scores his final career goal (#625) against the Edmonton Oilers 
2009
The United Nations "Rotterdam Rules" convention regulating international maritime carriage of goods is ratified with its twentieth signature. 
2009
The UK markets had contracted by 0.4% in the third quarter against what was expected to be a period of growth, as a result of unexpectedly poor performance by the service sector 
2011
A powerful 7.2 magnitude earthquake strikes Van Province, Turkey, killing 582 people and injuring thousands. 
2012
12 people are killed and 40 are injured in a hospital fire in Tainan, Taiwan 
2013
Boston Red Sox defeat St Louis Cardinals in game 1 of the MLB 2013 World Series 
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