Today in History - Historical Events - October 21st

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Notable Historical Events on October 21st

1990Esther Canseco calls Oakland A's manager Tony La Russa a "punk" for not starting husband Jose in the World Series

1973Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Waco Tribune Herald Ladies Golf Classic

1976NY Knicks retire 1st number, # 19, Willis Reed

1976Nobel prize for literature awarded to American Saul Bellow

1960JFK & Nixon clashed in 4th & final presidential debate (NYC)

1962Mickey Wright wins LPGA Carlsbad Cavern Golf Open

1935Hank Greenberg selected AL MVP unanimously

1959Guggenheim Museum, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, opens (NYC)

1983Pope John Paul II names 3 new Dutch bishops

1997Elton John's tribute to Diana, Princess of wales, breaks world record, 318 million dist

2001"United We Stand" benefit concert for September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks victims, held at RFK Stadium in Washington, DC. Event organized and headlined by Michael Jackson, also featuring pop stars Aerosmith, Mariah Carey, The Backstreet Boys, and others.

1878German republic chancellor Bismarck delegates end of "Socialism"

1915William Jennings Bryan's successor as US Secretary of State, Robert Lansing, sends a note to Britain protesting interference with US shipping

1980Mikhail Gorbachev elected member of Politburo

1975Elton John given a star in Hollywood

1512Martin Luther joins the theological faculty of the University of Wittenberg.

1854Florence Nightingale and a staff of 38 nurses were sent to the Crimean War.

1971Nobel prize for literature awarded to Pablo Neruda

1957Jailhouse Rock starring Elvis Presley opens

1992Madonna's book "Sex" goes on sale

335Roman Emperor Constantine the Great rules laws against Jews

1954Dorothy Parker/Arnaud d'Usseau's "Ladies of the Corridor" premieres

October 21st Historical Events
Date Event
310
St Eusebius ends his reign as Catholic Pope 
335
Roman Emperor Constantine the Great rules laws against Jews 
686
Conon begins his reign as Catholic Pope 
1096
Sultan Kilidj Arslan of Nicea defeats 1st Crusaders 
1187
Alberto de Morra elected as Pope Gregorius VIII (12/17/1187) 
1512
Martin Luther joins the theological faculty of the University of Wittenberg. 
1520
Exploer Ferdinand Magellen and his fleet reach Cape Virgenes and become first Europeans to sail into the Pacific Ocean 
1553
Volumes of Talmud are burned 
1555
Emperor Charles V makes Erard of Pallandt earl of Culemborg 
1555
English parliament refuses to recognize Philip of Spain as king 
1568
2nd Altenburger sermon: Philippisten/Gnesiolutheranen 
1591
Nijmegen surrenders to Earl Mauritius van Nassau 
1601
Memorial service for Daitokuji's Shinju held for Ikkyu Sojun in Kyoto 
1639
Sea battle at Dunes, Lt Admiral Maarten Tromp defeats Spanish armada under De Oquendo 
1652
King Louis XIV returns to Paris 
1708
Dutch & English troops occupy Lille (Rijsel) 
1727
Russian & Chinese accord to correct boundaries 
1774
First display of the word "Liberty" on a flag, raised by colonists in Taunton, Massachusetts and which was in defiance of British rule in Colonial America. 
1803
English scientist John Dalton reads his paper on the absorption of gases to the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Soc - 1st outline of his atomic theory 
1805
Battle of Trafalgar, British Admiral Nelson defeats French & Spanish fleet but shot and killed 
1816
The Penang Free School is founded in George Town, Penang, Malaysia, by the Rev Hutchings. It is the oldest English-language school in Southeast Asia. 
1824
Joseph Aspdin patents Portland cement (Yorkshire, England) 
1854
Florence Nightingale and a staff of 38 nurses were sent to the Crimean War. 
1858
In Paris, the Can-Can is 1st performed 
1858
Jacques Offenbach's opera "Orphée aux Enfers" premieres in Paris 
1861
Battle of Balls Bluff, VA (Leesburg, Harrison's Island) 
1864
Battle of Westport, MO (Kansas City) 
1868
Severe earthquake at 7:53 AM, centered in Hayward, Calif 
1869
1st shipment of fresh oysters comes overland from Baltimore 
1871
1st US amateur outdoor athletic games (NY) 
1878
German republic chancellor Bismarck delegates end of "Socialism" 
1887
Detroit clinches best-of-15 touring World Championship with its 8th victory in Game 11 this afternoon in Baltimore, 13-3 
1895
The Republic of Formosa collapses as Japanese forces invade. 
1897
Yerkes Observatory of University of Chicago is dedicated 
1899
Battle at Elandslaagte Natal: (Boers vs British army) 
1902
In the United States, a five month strike by United Mine Workers ends. 
1905
England Pilgrim Association beats All NY 11, 7-1 in soccer at Polo Grounds 
1911
RS Hichens & M Hudsons "Garden of Allah" premieres in NYC 
1911
Manitoba, Saskatchewan & Alberta Unions form Western Canada Rugby Football Union 
1913
Transvaal women satyagrahis begin defiance activities, hawking without licenses in Vereeniging; they cross the Natal border and encourage the miners in Newcastle to strike 
1914
Battle of Warsaw ends with German defeat 
1915
1st transatlantic radiotelephone message, Arlington, Va to Paris 
1915
William Jennings Bryan's successor as US Secretary of State, Robert Lansing, sends a note to Britain protesting interference with US shipping 
1917
1st Americans to see action on front lines of WW I 
1917
Petrograds garrison accepts Revolutionary Military Committee 
1918
Margaret Owen sets world typing speed record of 170 wpm for 1 min 
1921
Tuschinski Theater opens in Amsterdam 
1923
1st planetarium opens at Deutsche Museum in Munich 
1924
KLM Fokker's F7 H-NACC departs to Dutch East Indies 
1925
Sidney Howards "Lucky Sam McGarver" premieres in NYC 
1935
Hank Greenberg selected AL MVP unanimously 
1937
Dmitri Shostakovitch's 5th Symphony premieres 
1937
Franco-troops occupies Gijon 
1938
Japanese troops occupies Canton 
1940
RAF drops 1st anti-nazi pamphlets on Netherlands 
1944
Canadian troops occupy Breskens 
1944
During WW II, US troops capture Aachen, 1st large German city to fall 
1944
Walter Piston's "Fugue for a Victory Tune" premieres in NYC 
1945
Women in France allowed to vote for 1st time 
1947
Dutch Dakota explodes near Coopenhagen, 16 die 
1948
Beersheba liberated by Israeli army 
1948
Dutch Constellation crashes at Prestwick Scotland (40 murder) 
1948
Facsimile high-speed radio transmission demonstrated (Washington DC) 
1948
UN reject Russian proposal to destroy atomic weapons 
1950
Chinese forces occupy Tibet 
1950
Death penalty abolished in Belgium 
1950
Patty Berg wins LPGA Hardscrabble Women's Golf Invitation 
1950
Tom Powers of Duke scores 6 touchdowns 
1952
Dutch government refuses New-Guinea (West-Irian) 
1954
Dorothy Parker/Arnaud d'Usseau's "Ladies of the Corridor" premieres 
1954
Indonesian troops land in New-Guinea 
1956
Betty Dodd wins LPGA Lawton Golf Open 
1957
Giants purchase Class-A Phoenix team 
1957
Jailhouse Rock starring Elvis Presley opens 
1957
Marlene Hagge wins LPGA Lawton Golf Open 
1958
1st women in British House of Lords 
1959
Contra revolutionaries bomb Havana 
1959
Guggenheim Museum, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, opens (NYC) 
1959
Players Association approves 2 All-Star Games in 1960, to be held in KC & NY 
1960
1st British nuclear sub HMS Dreadnought launched 
1960
JFK & Nixon clashed in 4th & final presidential debate (NYC) 
1961
Barbra Striesand opens in "Another Evening with Harry Stones" 
1961
USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR 
1962
Mickey Wright wins LPGA Carlsbad Cavern Golf Open 
1964
Abebe Bikila runs Olympic/World record marathon (2:12:11.2) 
1964
Braves ask NL to allow them to leave Milwaukee for Atlanta 
1965
KTWU TV channel 11 in Topeka, KS (PBS) begins broadcasting 
1965
Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Robert B Woodward 
1965
Vivian Beaumont Theater (NYC) opens 
1965
Comet Ikeya-Seki approaches perihelion, passing 450,000 kilometers from the sun. 
1966
144 die as a coal waste landslide engulfed a school in Aberfan, South Wales 
1967
Egypt sinks Israeli torpedo boat 
1967
Thousands opposing Vietnam War try to storm Pentagon 
1969
Bloodless coup in Somalia (National Day) 
1969
Leonard Gersh' "Butterflies are Free" premieres in NYC 
1969
Willy Brandt elected chancellor of West Germany 
1969
Maj Gen Mohamed Siad Barre becomes President of Somali 
1970
777 Unification church couples wed in Korea 
1970
Caledonian Airways takes over British United Airways 
1970
Nobel prize of peace awarded to Norman E Borlaugh 
1970
Bernadette Devlin is released from prison having served four months of her six month sentence for riotous behaviour 
1971
"To Live Another Summer" opens at Helen Hayes NYC for 173 perfs 
1971
Nobel prize for literature awarded to Pablo Neruda 
1971
USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 
1971
William H Rehnquist & Lewis F Powell nominated to US Supreme Court by Nixon, following resignations of Justices Hugo Black & John Harlan 
1972
"Dude" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 16 performances 
1972
"Man of La Mancha" closes at Beaumont Theater NYC after 140 perfs 
1972
"Pacific Paradise" closes at Palace Theater NYC after 5 performances 
1973
A's manager Dick Williams quits after A's beat Mets in World Series 
1973
Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Waco Tribune Herald Ladies Golf Classic 
1973
Fred Dryer of the then Los Angeles Rams becomes the first player in NFL history to score two safeties in the same game. 
1974
1st Islander shut-out opponent-Billy Smith 5-0 vs Caps 
1974
Sandra Palmer wins LPGA Cubic Corp Golf Classic 
1975
"Treemonisha" opens at Uris Theater NYC for 64 performances 
1975
Coast Guard Academy 1st allows women to enroll 
1975
Elton John given a star in Hollywood 
1975
Mexico City's 1st major subway accident takes 26 lives 
1975
Red Sox Carlton Fisk's 12th inning HR beats Reds 7-6 in game 6 of WS 
1975
USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR 
1975
Venera 9, 1st craft to orbit planet Venus launched 
1976
55th weaapon accord signed 
1976
Cin Reds sweep NY Yankees, in 73rd World Series 
1976
NY Knicks retire 1st number, # 19, Willis Reed 
1976
NY Yankee Thurman Munson ties World Series mark of 6 straight singles 
1976
Nobel prize for literature awarded to American Saul Bellow 
1977
US recalls William Bowdler, ambassador to South Africa 
1977
The European Patent Institute is founded. 
1978
Australian civilian pilot Frederick Valentich vanishes in a Cessna 182 over the Bass Strait south of Melbourne, after reporting contact with an unidentified aircraft. 
1979
10th NYC Marathon won by Bill Rodgers in 2:11:42 
1979
9th NYC Women's Marathon won by Grete Waitz in 2:27:33 
1979
Greta Weitz wins woman participation in NYC marathon (02:27:33) 
1979
Israeli minister of Foreign affairs Moshe Dayan resigns 
1979
Ozzie Newsome begins NFL streak of 150 consecutive game receptions 
1980
"Banjo Dancing" opens at Century Theater NYC for 38 performances 
1980
1st (& only) time Phillies win World Series (in 98 years) 
1980
Mikhail Gorbachev elected member of Politburo 
1980
Phillies win their 1st World Championship in their 98-year history 
1983
Pope John Paul II names 3 new Dutch bishops 
1984
Cleveland Browns' Steve Cox sets club record with a 60-yd field goal 
1984
Niki Lauda becomes 3rd time motor racing world champ 
1984
Steve Jones runs Chicago Marathon in world record 2:08:05 
1985
Qasim Omar (206) & Javed Miandad (203*) make 397 stand v SL 
1986
1st-class cricket debut of Andy Flower, ZCU Presidents XI v Young WI 
1986
Hugh Whitemore's "Breaking the Code" premieres in London 
1986
IBM re-forms in South Africa 
1986
Republic of Marshall Islands signs Compact of Free Association with US 
1986
US writer Edward A Tracy kidnap in Beirut 
1987
7th Belgium government of Martens forms 
1987
Nobel prize for economy awarded to Robert M Solow 
1987
Senate debate begins rejecting Robert Bork's Supreme Ct nomination 
1988
Boston Celtics beat Yugoslavia 113-85 in Madrid 
1988
Philippine former first couple Ferdinand & Imelda Marcos indicted on racketeering charges 
1989
"Dangerous Games" closes at Nederlander Theater NYC after 4 perfs 
1989
Buck Helm found alive after being buried 4 days, in SF earthquake 
1989
Houston becomes 1st major college team to gain 1000 yards in a game 
1989
1st black owners (Betram Lee & Peter Bynoe) to own a major sports team, purchasing Denver Nuggets for $65m 
1990
Esther Canseco calls Oakland A's manager Tony La Russa a "punk" for not starting husband Jose in the World Series 
1990
The first Apple Day, is held in Covent Garden, London. 
1991
24 die in a fire in Oakland Calif 
1991
Former California Governor Jerry Brown announces his run for the US Presidency 
1991
US hostage Jesse Turner released from 5 years in captivity in Beirut 
1992
Madonna's book "Sex" goes on sale 
1993
"Twilight of the Golds" opens at Booth Theater NYC for 29 performances 
1993
Gary Kasparov defeats Nigel Short for chess championship 
1993
Military coup by Burundi Pres Ndadaye; 525,000 Hutus flee 
1994
Hana bridge is Seoul Korea crashes, 32+ die 
1994
North Korea signs pact to end their nuclear projects 
1995
Addison Vance, 18, of Hickory NC, crowned 7th Ms Venus Swimwear 
1995
Mario Tremblay, selected 22nd NHL coach of Montreal Canadians 
1997
Elton John's tribute to Diana, Princess of wales, breaks world record, 318 million dist 
1997
Cleve Marquis Grissom hit in his 15th straight World Series game (streak ends at 15, he is 2nd to Hank Baur with 17) 
2001
"United We Stand" benefit concert for September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks victims, held at RFK Stadium in Washington, DC. Event organized and headlined by Michael Jackson, also featuring pop stars Aerosmith, Mariah Carey, The Backstreet Boys, and others. 
2003
Images of the dwarf planet Eris are taken and subsequently used in its discovery by the team of Michael E. Brown, Chad Trujillo, and David L. Rabinowitz. 
2014
Oscar Pistorius is sentenced to five years in prison for killing his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp 
2014
San Francisco Giants win game one of the 2014 World Series 
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