Today in History - Historical Events - October 20th

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Notable Historical Events on October 20th

1963Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Hillside Golf Open

1957Walter Cronkite begins hosting weekly documentary

1979Bob Dylan appears on Saturday Night Live

1934All-Star team led by Babe Ruth & Connie Mack sails to Hawaii & Japan

1877Franz Schubert's 2nd Symphony in B, premieres

1973Queen Elizabeth II opens Sydney Opera House

1935Communist forces end their "Long March" at Yan'an, in Shaanxi China bringing Mao Zedong to prominence

1935Hank Greenberg is named AL MVP by the BBWAA, Wes Ferrell is runner-up

1634English King Charles I disbands new "Ship Money" tax

1963Jim Brown sets NFL single-season rushing record, 1,863 yds

1944US forces under Gen Douglas MacArthur return to Philippines

1973President Nixon proclaims Jim Thorpe greatest athlete of 1st ½ century

1833Charles Darwin reaches river mouth of Parana

1889Gerhart Hauptmann's "Vor Sonnenaufgang," premieres in Berlin

1714Georg Ludwig von Hannover crowned as English King George I

1984Islander's Mike Bossy's 30th career hat trick-4 goals

1950Chemists Archer John Porter Martin and James Lovelock give the first demonstration of gas chromatography at a meeting of the Biochemical Society. The technique is rapidly adopted by the petrochemical industry.

1963South Africa begins trial of Nelson Mandela & 8 others on conspiracy

October 20th Historical Events
Date Event
1097
1st Crusaders arrive in Antioch (First Crusade) 
1528
Treaty of Gorinchem (Emperor & church) 
1536
Danish/Norw king Christian III leads reform in Catholic possessions 
1576
Spanish troops occupies & plunder Maastricht 
1587
Battle at Coultras: Henri van Navarra beats Catholic League 
1600
Battle of Sekigahara sets Tokugawa clan as Japan's rulers (shoguns) 
1603
Chinese uprising in Philippines fails after 23,000 killed 
1634
English King Charles I disbands new "Ship Money" tax 
1714
Georg Ludwig von Hannover crowned as English King George I 
1740
Maria Theresa became ruler of Austria, Hungary & Bohemia 
1751
Royal ship Duc de Bourgogne launched at Rochefort 
1774
Continental Congress orders discouragment of entertainment 
1781
Patent of Toleration, providing limited freedom of worship, was approved in Habsburg Monarchy. 
1786
Harvard University organizes 1st astronomical expedition in US 
1803
US Senate ratifies Louisiana Purchase 
1813
German Kingdom of Westphalia abolished 
1817
1st Mississippi "Showboat," leaves Nashville on maiden voyage 
1818
49th parallel forms as border between US & Canada 
1818
US & Britain agree to joint control of Oregon country 
1820
Spain sells part of Florida to US for $5 million 
1822
1st edition of London Sunday Times 
1827
Battle at Navarino: Engl/Russ/French fleet beat Turk/Egyptian fleet 
1833
Charles Darwin reaches river mouth of Parana 
1835
HMS Beagle leaves Galapagos Archipelago/sails to Tahiti 
1843
1st Chinese immigrant arrives in Suriname 
1847
Little William Nelman poisons his grandpa 
1856
Arnhem-Oberhausen railway in Netherlands opens 
1862
Amnesty proclaimed for escaped slaves of Suriname 
1864
US President Lincoln formally establishes Thanksgiving as a national holiday 
1873
P T Barnum Hippodrome featuring "Greatest Show on Earth," opens (NYC) 
1877
Franz Schubert's 2nd Symphony in B, premieres 
1880
Amsterdam Free University opens 
1883
Max Bruch's "Kol Nidre," 1st performed 
1883
Treaty of Ancon, Peru cedes Tarapaca to Chile 
1888
Chicago & All America baseball teams play exhibition in Auckland, NZ 
1889
Gerhart Hauptmann's "Vor Sonnenaufgang," premieres in Berlin 
1891
1st International 6 day bike race (NY Madison Square Garden) begins 
1898
NC Mutual & Provident Insurance Company forms 
1899
Battle at Talana Hill, Natal: British army vs Boers 
1899
Columbia (US) beats Shamrock (England) in 11th America's Cup 
1902
The Chamber of Deputies appoints a committee to consider questions on the separation of Church and State in France 
1903
US wins disputed boundary between District of Alaska & Canada 
1904
Bolivia and Chile sign a treaty ending the War of the Pacific; it recognizes Chile's possession of the coast, but provides for construction of a railway to link La Paz, Bolivia, to Arica on the coast 
1905
Great General Strike in Russia begins; lasts 11 days 
1905
Russian Tsar allows Polish people to speak Polish 
1906
Dr Lee DeForest demonstrated his electrical vacuum tube (radio tube) 
1908
King Leopold II sells Congo to Belgium 
1910
1st appearance of cork centered baseball in World Series 
1910
Soccer team KFC forms in Alkmaar 
1910
The hull of the RMS Olympic, sister-ship to the ill-fated RMS Titanic, is launched from the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, Ireland. 
1911
Helen Hayes Theater (Folies Bergere) opens at 210 W 46th St NYC 
1911
Roald Amundsen sets out on race to South Pole 
1912
Cort Theater opens at 148 W 48th St NYC 
1912
Hannes Kolehmainen runs world record marathon (2:29:39.2) 
1918
In order to secure an armistice, Germany agrees to further concessions 
1920
"1st Year" with Frank Craven premieres in NYC 
1922
Kennelworth in Bronx renamed Dwight Place 
1924
1st Negro League World Series: KC Monarchs shuts out Hilldales, 5-0 
1926
Hurricane in Cuba, kills 600 
1929
Bayshore Highway opens (SF) 
1930
Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, premiers on NBC radio 
1930
British White Paper restricts Jews from buying Arab land 
1931
Frankie Frisch of the Cards named MVP 
1932
Journalist Robert Trout joins CBS 
1934
All-Star team led by Babe Ruth & Connie Mack sails to Hawaii & Japan 
1934
Richard Strauss completes his opera "Die Schweigsame Frau" 
1935
400,000 demonstrators against fascism in Madrid 
1935
Anti-fascist People front forms in Brussels 
1935
Hank Greenberg is named AL MVP by the BBWAA, Wes Ferrell is runner-up 
1935
Communist forces end their "Long March" at Yan'an, in Shaanxi China bringing Mao Zedong to prominence 
1936
Carl Hubbell, 26-6, edges out Dizzy Dean, 24-13, for MVP honors in NL 
1936
Spanish government moves to Barcelona 
1939
"All the Things You Are" recorded by Tommy Dorsey Orch 
1939
Pope Pius XII publishes his 1st encyclical Summi pontificatus 
1940
Cheese rationed in Netherlands 
1940
Greenhouse rationing begins in Netherlands 
1941
Nazi occupiers murder 500 inhabitants of Kragujevac Serbia 
1942
"Durham Manifesto" calls for fundamental changes in race relations 
1944
Liquid-gas tanks in Cleveland, Ohio explode, 135 die, 3,600 homeless 
1944
Revolution by workers & students in Guatemala 
1944
Russian/Yugoslavian troops free Belgrade 
1944
US 1st army wins battle of Aachen 
1944
US 6th army lands on Leyte, Philippines 
1944
US forces under Gen Douglas MacArthur return to Philippines 
1945
Supreme Court Justice Geoffrey Lawrence opens trial ofNuremberg 
1946
Frank Seno returns kickoff 105 yd, Chicago Cards vs NY Giants 
1947
HUAC opens hearings into alleged Communist influence in Hollywood 
1947
Radio rights for the World Series sell for $475,000 for 3 years 
1947
Robinson Jeffer's "Medea," premieres in NYC 
1949
Eugenie Anderson becomes 1st woman US ambassador (to Denmark) 
1950
Chemists Archer John Porter Martin and James Lovelock give the first demonstration of gas chromatography at a meeting of the Biochemical Society. The technique is rapidly adopted by the petrochemical industry. 
1951
The "Johnny Bright Incident" occurred in Stillwater, Oklahoma 
1952
Emergency crisis proclaimed in Kenya 
1953
WRAU (now WHOI) TV channel 19 in Peoria, IL (ABC) begins broadcasting 
1954
"Peter Pan" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 149 performances 
1955
"No Time for Sergeants" opens on Broadway, starring Andy Griffith 
1955
Harry Belafonte records "Day-O" (Banana Boat Song) 
1955
Yanks begin 16-game exhibition in Japan 
1955
Publication of "The Return of the King", the 3rd and final volume of "The Lord of the Rings" by J. R. R. Tolkien - 2nd best-selling novel 
1956
58°F (15°C), Esperanza Station, Antarctica (Antarctic record high) 
1956
Hannes Lindemann begins journey across Atlantic in a 17' craft 
1957
Karachi A (277-0d) beat Sind A by an innings w/o losing a wkt 
1957
Walter Cronkite begins hosting weekly documentary 
1959
Clark Griffith of Senators says team will not move the franchise 
1959
WABG TV channel 6 in Greenwood-Greenville, MS (ABC) 1st broadcast 
1960
1st fully mechanized post office opened, Providence, RI 
1960
Ralph Houk, 41, replaces Casey Stengel as Yankee manager 
1962
Musical "Mr President" opens at St James Theater New York for 265 performances 
1962
Chinese army lands in India 
1962
US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island 
1963
Alec Douglas-Home forms British government 
1963
France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria 
1963
Jim Brown sets NFL single-season rushing record, 1,863 yds 
1963
Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Hillside Golf Open 
1963
South Africa begins trial of Nelson Mandela & 8 others on conspiracy 
1963
WITV TV channel 7 in Charleston, SC (PBS) begins broadcasting 
1964
"Golden Boy" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 569 performances 
1964
Mad Dog Vachon beats Verne Gagne in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ 
1964
Riot at Rolling Stones show in Paris (150 arrested) 
1965
19th NHL All-Star Game: All-Stars beat Montreal 5-2 at Montreal 
1965
Beatles receive a gold record for "Yesterday" 
1965
Mass arrests of communists in Indonesia 
1967
All white federal jury convicts 7 in murder of 3 civil rights workers in Meridan Mississippi 
1967
Charlie Finley names Bob Kennedy 1st manager of Oakland A's 
1967
KMXN (now KJTV) TV channel 34 in Lubbock, TX (IND) begins broadcasting 
1967
A purported bigfoot is filmed by Patterson and Gimlin. 
1968
"Her 1st Roman" opens at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC for 17 perfs 
1968
Carol Mann wins LPGA Quality Chekd Golf Classic 
1968
Mamo Wolde wins 16th Olympic marathon (2:20:26.4) 
1969
WKYH (now WYMT) TV channel 57 in Hazard, KY (NBC) begins broadcasting 
1970
American Norman Borlaug awarded the Nobel Peace Prize 
1970
Zond 8 Launch (Moon Orbit & Return) 
1971
"Ain't Supposed to Die a Natural Death" opens at Barrymore for 325 per 
1971
West German Chancellor Willy Brandt is awarded Nobel Peace Prize 
1971
The Nepal stock exchange collapses. 
1971
Senator in the US Congress Edward Kennedy calls for a withdrawal of British troops from Northern Ireland and all-party negotiations to establish a United Ireland 
1972
Queen Juliana visits Yugoslavia 
1973
Mariette Hartley appears on Bob Newhart in "Have You Met Miss Dietz" 
1973
OPEC oil embargo begins 
1973
President Nixon proclaims Jim Thorpe greatest athlete of 1st ½ century 
1973
Queen Elizabeth II opens Sydney Opera House 
1973
US president Nixon fires Watergate accuser Archibald Cox 
1973
Solicitor Gen Bork, AG Richardson & Deputy AG Ruckelshaus resigned 
1973
The Family Station Inc buys shortwave Radio Station WNYW, changes calls to WYFR & moves station from NYC to Scituate Mass 
1974
1st broadcast of "Derrick" on ZDF 
1974
Bard's presentation of "Richard III" opens at Lincoln Center NYC 
1975
Supreme Court rules teachers could spank their pupils after warning 
1976
70 die as Norwegian tanker Frosta collides with George Prince 
1976
NY Nets Julius "Dr J" Erving sold to Phila 76ers 
1977
David Mamet's "Life in the Theater," premieres in NYC 
1977
Hamilton Deane & John Balderstons "Dracula," premieres in NYC 
1977
Six killed in Lynyrd Skynyrd plane crash in McComb, Mississippi including band members Ronnie Vanzant, Steve Gains, Cassie Gaines and Dean kilpatrick 
1978
Paul Vanden Boeynants forms Belgium government 
1978
Police's 1st US concert (NY's CBGBs) 
1978
US dollar devalued below Dutch Ÿ2 
1979
Bob Dylan appears on Saturday Night Live 
1979
John F Kennedy Library dedicated in Boston 
1979
John Tate beats Gerrie Coetze in 15 for heavyweight boxing title 
1981
1st NBA game at Meadowlands Arena, NJ Nets lose to NY Knicks 103-99 
1981
3 members of Weather underground arrested for armored truck robbery 
1981
Bomb attack on Antwerp Belgium synagogue, 1 dead, 80 injured 
1982
Billy Martin fired as manager of Oakland A's 
1982
Nobel prize for economy awarded to George Stigler 
1982
Sri Lanka President Jayewardene re-elected 
1982
St Louis Cards beat Milwaukee Brewers, 4 games to 3 in 79th World Series 
1982
During the UEFA Cup match between FC Spartak Moscow and HFC Haarlem, 66 people are crushed to death in the Luzhniki disaster. 
1983
IBM-PC DOS Version 2.1 released 
1984
Cleveland Metroparks' Valley Parkway All Purpose Trails are completed 
1984
Islander's Mike Bossy's 30th career hat trick-4 goals 
1984
The Monterey Bay Aquarium opens in Monterey Bay, California. 
1986
Tupolev-134 crashes in Southern Africa 
1987
10 die as US Air Force jet crashed into a Ramada Inn near Indianapolis 
1987
Dow-Jones increases 102.27 pts/608,120,000 shares traded (record) 
1987
Subway gunman Bernhard Goetz sentenced to 6 months in jail 
1988
"Les Miserables," opens at Forrest Theatre, Phila 
1988
Britain ends suspects' right to remain silent in crackdown on IRA 
1988
Gastineau sacks Jets, retires from football "for personal reasons" 
1988
LA Dodgers beat Oakland A's in baseball's 85th World Series 4 games to 1 
1988
Man armed with explosives blows himself up in 125 St subway station (NYC) 
1988
Reggie Rogers, Det Lion's # 1 pick, kills 3 by driving intoxicated 
1989
Pakistan win Sharjah Trophy over India & WI on round-robin 
1989
US Senate impeaches US District Judge Alcee L Hastings 
1990
3 members of 2 Live Crew acquitted on obsenity charges in Florida 
1990
Antiwar protest marches begin in 20 US cities (US-Iraq) 
1990
Cincinnati Reds sweep Oakland A's in 86th World Series 
1991
"Andre Heller's Wonderhouse" opens at Broadhurst NYC for 9 perfs 
1991
6.1-7.1 earthquake in Uttar Kashi, India, about 670 die 
1991
Formal opening ceremony of Intl One Mind Zen center in Crestone, Colo 
1992
1st World Series game outside of US - Toronto beats Atlanta 
1992
David Houghton scores Zimbabwe's 1st Test hundred (121 v India, debut) 
1992
Mr Johnson surrenders Monrovia, Liberia & is exiled to Nigeria 
1993
Highest scoring World Series game Blue Jays 15, Phillies 14 in 4h14m 
1995
STS 73 (Columbia 18), launches into orbit 
1995
Sri Lanka beat West Indies to win Sharjah Champions Trophy final 
1996
"Summer & Smoke" closes at Criterion Theater NYC 
1996
Annika Sorenstam wins LPGA Samsung World Championship of Women's Golf 
1996
Braves Andruw Jones is youngest player to homer in World Series 
1996
Wasim Akram & Saqlain Mushtaq gets cricket Test record 313 for 8th wkt 
1996
Wasim Akram scores cricket 257 v Zimbabwe at Sheikhupura, 12 sixes 
1997
Richard Gnida, Limo driver in Detroit Red Wings crash, pleads guilty 
1997
US accuses Microsoft of violating pact forcing IE browser on computers 
2004
Boston Red Sox come back from 0-3 to defeat the New York Yankees 4-3 to win baseball's American League 
2011
The former leader of Libya, Muammar Gaddafi, and his son Moatassem Gaddafi are killed shortly after the battle of Sirte (2011) while in the custody of NTC fighters. 
2013
30 people are killed by a suicide truck bomber in Hama, Syria 
2013
37 people are killed in a suicide bombing in Baghdad, Iraq 
2013
78 people are killed by cattle raiders in Jonglei, Sudan 
2014
Joko Widodo becomes President of Indonesia 
2016
Super Typhoon Haima: Philippines evacuates thousands in storm's path 
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