Today in History - Historical Events - October 19th

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Notable Historical Events on October 19th

1812Napoleon's forces begin their retreat from Moscow

1845Richard Wagner's opera "Tannhäuser," premieres in Dresden

1960Martin Luther King Jr. arrested in Atlanta sit-in

1969Mary Mills wins LPGA Quality Chekd Golf Classic

1492Columbus sites "Isabela" (Fortune Island, Bahamas)

1913At a meeting of the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in Durban, NIC secretaries, M. C. Anglia and Dada Osman, severely criticise Mahatma Gandhi and tender their resignations

1926Russian Politburo throws out Leo Trotsky & followers

1981Nicolaas Bloembergen & Arthur Schawlow win Nobel for physics (laser)

1966Bobby Orr makes his NHL regular-season debut for the Boston Bruins against the Detroit Red Wings

1939Hermann Goering begins plunder through Nazi's occupied areas

2003Mother Teresa of Calcutta is beatified by Pope John Paul II.

1935Mao Zedong's army reaches Shanxi

1944British Prime Minister Winston Churchill flies back to London from Moscow

1512Martin Luther becomes a doctor of theology (Doctor in Biblia).

1983Senate establishes Martin Luther King Jr. federal holiday

2005Saddam Hussein goes on trial in Baghdad for crimes against humanity.

October 19th Historical Events
Date Event
202
Battle of Zama: Hannibal Barca, leader of the invading Carthaginian army, defeated by Roman legions under Scipio Africanus. 
BC
AD
439
The Vandals, led by King Gaiseric, take Carthage in North Africa. 
615
St Deusdedit I begins his reign as Catholic Pope 
1031
Abbot Humbertus van Echternach opens grave of Saint Willibrord 
1216
King John of England dies at Newark-on-Trent and is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Henry. 
1298
Rindfleisch-140 Jews of Heilbron Germany are murdered 
1453
2nd Battle at Castillon: French forces defeat beats the English, end of The Hundred Years' War 
1466
The Thirteen Years' War ends with the Second Peace of Thorn, Germany 
1492
Columbus sites "Isabela" (Fortune Island, Bahamas) 
1512
Martin Luther becomes a doctor of theology (Doctor in Biblia). 
1576
Dutch provinces begin consultation about Spanish existence 
1630
In Boston the 1st general court is held 
1634
Beach Island in North Sea destroyed by a heavy storm flood 
1682
English Lord Shaftesbury flees to Holland 
1722
Frenchman C Hopffer patents fire extinguisher 
1739
England declares war on Spain [OS=Oct 30] 
1765
Stamp Act Congress met in NY, wrote decl of rights & liberties 
1781
British General Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown at 2 pm; US Revolutionary War ends 
1812
Napoleon's forces begin their retreat from Moscow 
1818
US Government & Chicasaw Indians sign a treaty 
1822
In Parnaíba; Simplício Dias da Silva, João Cândido de Deus e Silva and Domingos Dias declare the independent state of Piauí. 
1845
Richard Wagner's opera "Tannhäuser," premieres in Dresden 
1853
1st flour mill in Hawaii begins operations 
1856
James Kelly & Jack Smith fight bareknuckle for 6h15m in Melbourne 
1859
Wilhelm Tempel discovers diffuse nebula around Pleid star Merope 
1863
Battle of Buckland Mills, VA 
1864
Approx 25 Confederates make surprise attack on St Albans, Vermont 
1864
Battle of Cedar Creek, Virginia, Union beats back Conf attackers 
1864
US Brigadier General Emory Upton (25) promoted to Major General 
1870
1st African Americans (4) elected to US House of Representatives 
1870
British steamship SS Cambria wrecked off the north-west of Ireland with the loss of 178 lives 
1872
World's largest gold nugget (215 kg) found in New South Wales 
1879
Afghan's emir Mohammed Yakub forced to resign 
1882
Pierre de Brazza meets Henry Morton Stanley 
1888
Moshav Gederah is attacked by Arabs 
1900
Henry O Tanner, painter, wins Medal of Honor at Paris Exposition 
1900
South African President Paul Kruger departs for Europe 
1901
Edward Elgar's "Pomp & Circumstance March," premieres in Liverpool 
1901
Santos-Dumont proves airship maneuverable by circling Eiffel Tower 
1904
Polytechnic University of the Philippines founded as Manila Business School through the superintendence of the American C.A. O'Reilley. 
1907
1st printing of Dutch Tribune (Wijnkoop/Van Ravesteyn/Ceton) 
1911
Royal Mint in London sends dies for $1 coin to Ottawa Branch 
1912
Tripoli (Libya) passes from Turkish to Italian control 
1913
At a meeting of the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in Durban, NIC secretaries, M. C. Anglia and Dada Osman, severely criticise Mahatma Gandhi and tender their resignations 
1914
US post office 1st used an automobile to collect & deliver mail 
1915
Russia/Italy declares war on Bulgaria 
1915
US bankers arrange a $500 million loan to the British and French 
1916
France extends formal recognition of the Provisional Government in Crete proclaimed Eleftherios Venizelos 
1917
Love Field in Dallas, Texas is opened. 
1919
1st Distinguished Service Medal awarded to a woman 
1919
Reds beat White Sox, 5 games to 3 in 16th World Series. This series is known as black sox scandal as 8 White Sox throw series 
1921
Portuguese Prime Minister António Granjo and other politicians are murdered in a Lisbon coup. 
1923
Ban Johnson persuades AL owners to prohibit boxing in their parks 
1923
Beierse government refuses to prohibit NSDAP newspaper Völkischer Beobachter 
1924
General Christian Worker's union demands 8 hr work day in Belgium 
1925
Italian army takes Somalia 
1926
John C Garand patents semi-automatic rifle 
1926
Russian Politburo throws out Leo Trotsky & followers 
1930
Jules Ladoumègue runs world record 1 km (2:23.6) 
1932
Austria forbids demonstration by nazi's & anti fascists 
1932
British government signs trade agreement with Soviet Union 
1932
Henry Ford gives his 1st radio speech 
1932
Jimmie Foxx wins AL MVP & Chuck Klein wins NL MVP 
1933
Berlin Olympic Committee vote to introduce basketball in 1936 
1935
Mao Zedong's army reaches Shanxi 
1936
HR Ekins of "NY World-Telegram" beats 2 other reporters in a race around the world on commercial flights, by 18½ days 
1939
Hermann Goering begins plunder through Nazi's occupied areas 
1941
1st woman jockey in North America, Anna Lee Wiley in Mexico 
1943
Conference of foreign ministers in Moscow 
1943
Theater Guild presentation of "Othello" opens at Shubert 
1943
Yankee 2nd baseman Joe Gordon announces retirement (hates NY) 
1943
Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University. 
1944
British Prime Minister Winston Churchill flies back to London from Moscow 
1944
Canadian troops liberate Aardensburg 
1944
John Van Druten's "I Remember Mama," premieres in NYC 
1944
US Navy says black women can join WAVES 
1944
US forces land in Philippines 
1947
De Gaulles RPF wins French municipal elections 
1948
"My Romance" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 95 performances 
1949
A's trade 2nd baseman Nellie Fox to White Sox for Joe Tipton 
1949
Yanks trade Joe Gordon to Cleveland for Allie Reynolds 
1950
Bird Building at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo is dedicated 
1950
UN forces entered Pyongyang, capital of North Korea 
1951
Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Texas Women's Golf Open 
1951
US President Harry Truman formally ends state of war with Germany 
1952
Louise Suggs wins LPGA Betty Jameson Golf Tournament 
1952
Alain Bombard departs from the Canary Islands on his solitary journey across the Atlantic ocean with almost no provisions and only a sextant for navigation to test his theory that a shipwrecked person could survive 
1953
1st jet transcontinental nonstop scheduled service 
1953
Singer Julius LaRosa is fired on TV by Arthur Godfrey 
1954
Egypt & Great Britain sign treaty; British troops departs 
1954
KAKE TV channel 10 in Wichita, KS (ABC) begins broadcasting 
1954
First ascent of Cho Oyu, sixth highest mountain in the world at 8,201 metres 
1957
"Damn Yankees" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 1,022 performances 
1957
Maurice "Rocket" Richard, Mont, became 1st NHLer to score 500 goals 
1958
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1959
Florence Henderson joins Today Show panel 
1959
William Gibson's "Miracle Worker," premieres in NYC 
1960
France grants Mauritania independence 
1960
KWCS (now KOOG) TV channel 30 in Ogden, UT (IND) begins broadcasting 
1960
Martin Luther King Jr. arrested in Atlanta sit-in 
1960
US imposes embargo on exports to Cuba 
1962
Stalin monument removed in Prague 
1962
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1963
Beatles record "I Want to Hold Your Hand" 
1966
USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 
1966
Yardbird 1st US tour (NYC) 
1966
Bobby Orr makes his NHL regular-season debut for the Boston Bruins against the Detroit Red Wings 
1967
Igor Ter-Ovanesyan of USSR, sets then long jump record at 27' 4 3/4" 
1967
Mariner 5 makes fly-by of Venus 
1968
Golden Gate Bridge charges tolls only for southbound cars 
1968
Derry Citizen's Action Committee, formed on Oct 9, stage an illegal sit-down at Guildhall Square as part of large civil disobedience campaign 
1969
J Bock & S Harnicks musical "Rothschilds," premieres in NYC 
1969
Mary Mills wins LPGA Quality Chekd Golf Classic 
1969
Oakland Darryle Lamonica passes for 6 touchdowns vs Buffalo (50-21) 
1970
"Rothschilds" opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC for 505 performances 
1970
Amdahl Corp forms at Sunnyvale Calif 
1970
John Frazier kills Ohta's declares WW 3 has begun 
1971
Last issue of "Look" magazine is published 
1971
A group of f Northern Ireland Members of Parliament begin a 48 hour hunger strike against the policy of Internment 
1972
"Mother Earth" opens at Belasco Theater NYC for 12 performances 
1972
Ulster Vanguard leader William Craig speaks at a meeting of right-wing Members of Parliament at Westminster: "We are prepared to come out and shoot and kill" 
1973
Ringo releases "Photograph" 
1973
Saudi Arabia, Libya, and other Arab states proclaim an embargo on oil exports to the United States 
1974
Det Red Wing Mickey Redmond scores 1st hat trick against Wash Caps 
1974
Detroit Pistons beat Trailblazers in Portland (next win 6-1-90) 
1974
Niue becomes self-govering, in association with New Zealand 
1975
"Chorus Line" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 6137 performances 
1975
Cleveland Browns' Don Cockroft kicks club record 5 field goals 
1975
Hamlisch & Klebans musical "Chorus Line" premieres in NYC 
1975
Shelley Hamlin wins LPGA Japan Golf Classic 
1976
Battle of Aishiya, Lebanon during Lebanese Civil War. 
1977
Corpse of kidnapped West German, H M Schleyer, found 
1977
Supersonic Concorde jet's 1st landing in NYC 
1980
Steve McPeak rides 101'9" unicycle 
1981
LA Dodgers beat Montreal Expos for NL pennant 
1981
Nicolaas Bloembergen & Arthur Schawlow win Nobel for physics (laser) 
1982
Automaker John DeLorean arrested on cocaine charges (Not guilty) 
1983
Columbia moves to Orbiter Processing Facility 
1983
Grenada general Hudson Austin forms "revolutionary council" 
1983
Phila Flyers begin 13 NHL game win streak 
1983
Senate establishes Martin Luther King Jr. federal holiday 
1986
"Flamenco Puro" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 40 perfs 
1986
"Raggedy Ann" closes at Nederlander Theater NYC after 5 performances 
1986
Allan Border scores the 1,000,000th run in Tests (v India, Bombay) 
1986
USSR expels five US diplomats 
1987
"Anything Goes" opens at Beaumont Theater NYC for 804 performances 
1987
"Black Monday" Dow Jones down 508.32 points (22%), 4½ times previous record 
1987
US warships destroy 2 Iranian oil platforms in Persian Gulf 
1987
Woody Woodward resigns as NY Yankee GM, Lou Piniella is named GM & Billy Martin is named NY Yankee manager for 5th & final time 
1988
3 Americans win Nobel in physics; 3 W Germans win chemistry Nobel 
1988
Britain bans broadcast interviews with IRA members 
1988
Car bomb kills 7 Israelis, wounds 11 near Lebanon border 
1988
Roxette releases "Roxette Look Sharp!" album 
1988
South African anti-apartheid leader Sisulu wins $100,000 Human Rights prize 
1988
Senate passes bill curbing ads during children`s TV shows 
1989
"Dangerous Games" opens at Nederlander Theater NYC for 4 performances 
1989
Astor Piazzolla & Wm Finn's musical "Dangerous Games" premieres in NYC 
1989
USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 
1990
HCA, Helsinki Citizens Assembly, forms in Prague 
1991
Longest NCAA football game (3:52) as RI beats Maine 52-30 (6 OTs) 
1991
Lonnie Glieberman purchased Ottawa Rough Riders from CFL 
1993
UN authorizes arms, military & police supply embargo against Haiti 
1994
160 killed in fighting in Tsjetsjenie (Chechnya) 
1994
Palestinian bomb attack on bus in Tel Aviv, kills 22 
1995
"Hello Dolly!" opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC for 118 performances 
1996
Braves beat NY Yanks by record tying 11 runs, 12-1 in a World Series 
1997
"Annie," closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC 
1997
700th World Series home run (Sandy Alomar, Cleve Indians) 
1997
David Duval wins Walt Disney World/Oldsmobile Golf Classic 
1997
Hyatt Regency Maui Kaanapali Senior Golf Classic 
1998
The Earth Liberation Front sets fire to the Vail Mountain ski resort in Vail, Colorado, causing $12 million in damage. 
2001
SIEV-X, an Indonesian fishing boat en-route to Christmas Island, carrying over 400 asylum seekers, sank in international waters with the loss of 353 people. 
2003
Mother Teresa of Calcutta is beatified by Pope John Paul II. 
2004
Myanmar prime minister Khin Nyunt is ousted and placed under house arrest by the SPDC on charges of corruption. 
2004
Care International aid worker Margaret Hassan is kidnapped in Iraq. 
2005
Saddam Hussein goes on trial in Baghdad for crimes against humanity. 
2005
Hurricane Wilma becomes the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record with a minimum pressure of 882 mb. 
2007
Bomb explosion rocks Glorietta 2, a shopping mall in Makati, the Philippines killing 11, injuring more than 100 people. 
2012
8 people are killed and 78 injured by a car bomb in Beirut, Lebanon 
2013
16 people are killed and 30 are wounded by a suicide bombing Beledweyne, Somalia 
2013
11 people are killed after a plane crashes in Namur, Belgium 
2014
A working human intestine is generated in a laboratory from stem cells in the United States 
2016
Obama disputes Trump on rigged election, tells him to 'stop whining' 
2016
Chuck Berry announces new album on 90th birthday 
2017
Death toll rises to 42 in California wildfires 
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