Today in History - Historical Events - October 16th

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Notable Historical Events on October 16th

1859John Brown leads 21 in raid on federal arsenal, Harper's Ferry, Va

1942Aaron Copland/de Milles ballet "Rodeo," premieres in NYC

1962Cuban missile crisis begins as JFK becomes aware of missiles in Cuba

19921,700th David Letterman Show

1987Mike Tyson TKOs Tyrell Biggs in 7 for heavyweight boxing title

1936Lou Gehrig, is voted AL MVP by BBWAA

1978Test debut of Kapil Dev, India v Pakistan at Faisalabad

1950The first edition of C.S. Lewis' "The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe" is released in London

1978Polish Cardinal Karol Wojtyla elected Pope John Paul II

1916Margaret Sanger opens 1st birth control clinic (46 Amboy St, Bkln)

1492Columbus' fleet anchors at "Fernandina" (Long Island, Bahamas)

1953Fidel Castro sentenced to 15 years (Havana)

1970Pierre Trudeau invokes the War Measures Act as a response to the October Crisis, the only peacetime use of the War Measures Act in Canadian history.

1813Battle of Leipzig, largest battle in Europe prior to WWI, Napoleon's forces defeated by Prussia, Austria & Russia

1934Mao Zedong & 25,000 troops begin 6,000 mile Long March

1956"Love Me Tender" with Elvis Presley premieres

October 16th Historical Events
Date Event
456
Magister militum Ricimer defeats the Emperor Avitus at Piacenza and becomes master of the western Roman Empire. 
1311
Council of Vienne (15th ecumenical council) opens 
1384
Jadwiga is crowned King of Poland, although a woman. 
1492
Columbus' fleet anchors at "Fernandina" (Long Island, Bahamas) 
1502
Storm ravages Friese coast 
1551
English Edward Seymour duke of Somerset re-arrested 
1600
Olivier van Noorts ships reach Philippines 
1674
Emperor Leopold I fires chancellor Furst Wenzel Lobkowitz 
1710
British troops occupies Port Royal, Nova Scotia 
1757
Austrian troops occupy Berlin 
1775
Portland, Maine burned by British 
1780
Royalton, Vermont and Tunbridge, Vermont last major raid of the American Revolutionary War. 
1781
Washington takes Yorktown 
1793
Battle of Wattignies. 
1795
M von Böhms "Oorlogscantate" premieres 
1813
Battle of Leipzig, largest battle in Europe prior to WWI, Napoleon's forces defeated by Prussia, Austria & Russia 
1829
Tremont Hotel, 1st US modern hotel opens (Boston) 
1834
Much of the ancient structures of the Palace of Westminster (parliament) in London is burnt down. 
1841
Queens University in Kingston, Ontario, Canada, is chartered 
1843
Sir William Rowan Hamilton comes up with the idea of quaternions, a non-commutative extension of complex numbers. 
1846
Dentist William T Morton demonstrates effectiveness of ether 
1847
Charlotte Bronte's book "Jane Eyre" published 
1848
1st US homeopathic medical college opens in Pennsylvania 
1849
Avery College establishes in Allegheny, Pennsylvania 
1849
British seize Tigre Island in Gulf of Fonseca from Honduras 
1852
Dutch government recognize Catholics right to organize 
1859
John Brown leads 21 in raid on federal arsenal, Harper's Ferry, Va 
1861
Confederacy starts selling postage stamps 
1863
Grant is given command of Union forces in West 
1867
Alaska adopts Gregorian calendar, crosses intl date line 
1869
Hotel in Boston becomes 1st to have indoor plumbing 
1875
1st Quebec vs Ontario football game, Ontario wins 
1875
Brigham Young University is founded in Provo, Utah. 
1876
Race riot at Cainhoy SC (5 whites & 1 black killed) 
1882
The Nickel Plate Railroad opens for business. 
1900
Queen Wilhelmina leaves duke Heinrich "Henry" von Mecklenburg-Schwerin 
1900
Great Britain and Germany sign the Anglo-German Treaty, in which they agree to maintain the territorial integrity of China and support the 'open door' policy called for by US secretary of State 
1901
Baron Hayashi of Japan begins negotiations in London to make an alliance with the British and strengthen Japan's position against Russians 
1903
Homel, 1st Jewish self defense organization founded in Russia 
1904
Russian Baltic fleet departs to Port Arthur 
1905
The Partition of Bengal (India) occurred. 
1907
Belasco Theater opens at 111 W 44th St NYC 
1907
David Belasco's "Grand Army Man," premieres in NYC 
1908
Edmonton Rugby Foot-ball Club re-organizes as Esquimoux 
1909
Jack Johnson KOs Stanley Ketchel in 12 for heavyweight boxing title 
1909
Pirates beat Tigers 4 games to 3 in 6th World Series 
1912
Arnold Schoenberg's "Pierrot Lunaire," premieres 
1912
Boston beats NY Giants, 4 games to 3 with a tie in 9th World Series 
1913
Booth Theater opens at 222 W 44th St NYC 
1915
Great Britain declares war on Bulgaria 
1916
Dodger manager Wilbert Robinson given $5,000 bonus 
1916
Margaret Sanger opens 1st birth control clinic (46 Amboy St, Bkln) 
1916
T E Lawrence (of Arabia) meets with Fasal Hoessein 
1921
Babe Ruth, Bob Meusel, & Bill Piercy defy Landis ban on World Series 
1921
Jim Conzelman takes over as coach of Rock Island Independents from Frank Coughlin-only mid-game coaching change in NFL history 
1923
Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio founded 
1923
John Harwood patents self-winding watch (Switzerland) 
1925
Peace accord of Locarno signed (Rhine Pact) 
1925
Texas School Board prohibits teaching of evolution 
1926
Mohammed Nadir Khan begins coup in Afghanistan, 1200 killed 
1926
Troop ship sinks in Yangtze River, killing 1,200 
1928
Mickey Cochrane wins AL MVP honors, edging Heinie Manush by 2 points 
1931
Trunk murderess Winnie Ruth Judd chops 1st 
1934
Mao Zedong & 25,000 troops begin 6,000 mile Long March 
1936
Lou Gehrig, is voted AL MVP by BBWAA 
1939
Sugar rationing begins in Netherlands 
1940
Benjamin Oliver Davis Sr named 1st black general in regular army 
1940
Lottery for 1st US WW II draftees held; #158 drawn 1st 
1940
Warsaw Ghetto forms 
1941
"Gordo" comic strip (by Gus Arriola) 1st appears in newspapers 
1941
Germany advances within 60 miles (96 K) of Moscow 
1941
Romanian Legionnaires enter Odessa, Russia 
1942
Aaron Copland/de Milles ballet "Rodeo," premieres in NYC 
1942
Cyclone in Bay of Bengal kills some 40,000 south of Calcutta India 
1942
Natl Boxing Association freezes titles of those serving in armed services 
1943
Anti Jewish riot in Rome 
1943
Chicago Mayor Ed Kelly opens city's new subway system 
1943
Jewish quarter of Rome surrounded by Nazis, they are sent to Auschwitz 
1943
US 1st Army establishes headquarter in Bristol 
1944
Hungary: Horthy government falls/nazi count Szalasi becomes premier 
1945
UN's Food & Agriculture Organization comes into existence 
1946
10 Nazi leaders hanged as war criminals after Nuremberg trials 
1948
"Red Mill" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 831 performances 
1948
Demonstration by Moscow Jews honoring Israeli ambassador Golda Meir 
1949
WDAF TV channel 4 in Kansas City, MO (NBC) begins broadcasting 
1950
The first edition of C.S. Lewis' "The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe" is released in London 
1951
The first Prime Minister of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khan, is assassinated in Rawalpindi. 
1952
Pakistan's 1st Test starts, v India at Delhi 
1952
Woolworth's at Powell & Market (SF) opens 
1953
Fidel Castro sentenced to 15 years (Havana) 
1956
"Love Me Tender" with Elvis Presley premieres 
1956
William J Brennan Jr becomes a Supreme Court Justice 
1957
Queen Elizabeth & Prince Philip visits Williamsburg Virginia 
1957
USAF sends 2 aluminium bullets into space 
1958
Benjamin Britten's "Nocturne," premieres 
1958
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1960
NL votes to admit Houston & NY to league 
1962
Byron R White becomes a Supreme Court Justice 
1962
Cuban missile crisis begins as JFK becomes aware of missiles in Cuba 
1962
KTXT TV channel 5 in Lubbock, TX (PBS) begins broadcasting 
1962
Yanks (20th championship) beat SF Giants 4 games to 3 in World Series 
1962
NY Yankees appear in 12 & win 9 of last 14 World Series 
1963
2 secret US military satellites launched from Cape Canaveral 
1963
NY newspaper "Mirror" last edition 
1964
China becomes world's 5th nuclear power 
1964
Harold Wilson's Labour party wins British election 
1964
Indians' directors vote to keep franchise in Cleveland, rejecting bids by Seattle, Oakland & Dallas 
1965
"Drat! - The Cat!" closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 8 perfs 
1966
Joean Baez & 123 other anti-draft protestors arrested in Oakland 
1967
WETK TV channel 33 in Burlington, VT (PBS) begins broadcasting 
1967
WGNO TV channel 26 in New Orleans, LA (ABC) begins broadcasting 
1968
China reports removal of president Li Sjao-tji 
1968
Czechoslovakia & Russian "accord" rules allies Soviet forces 
1968
During Olympics Tommie Smith & John Carlos give black power salute 
1968
Milwaukee Bucks play their 1st game losing 89-84 to Chicago Bulls 
1968
Jim Dorey sets Toronto Maple Leaf penalty records (48 mins on 9 penalties in a game & 44 minutes on 7 penalties in a period) 
1968
The People's Democracy (PD), formed on Oct 9, organise a march of 1,300 students from the Queen's University of Belfast to the City Hall in the centre of the city, Northern Ireland 
1969
100-1 shot NY Mets beat Orioles 5-3 & win 66th World Series in 5 
1969
Soyuz 6 returns to Earth 
1969
Met Cleon Jones awarded 1st base when shoe polish on ball proves he is hit by a pitch, he scores on a HR in World Series 
1970
Anwar Sadat elected president of Egypt, succeeding Gamal Abdel Nasser 
1970
Pierre Trudeau invokes the War Measures Act as a response to the October Crisis, the only peacetime use of the War Measures Act in Canadian history. 
1971
Amphitheater in McLaren Park is dedicated in SF 
1972
"Pacific Paradise" opens at Palace Theater NYC for 5 performances 
1972
Creedence Clearwater Revival breaks up 
1972
2 members of the Offical Irish Republican Army are shot dead by the British Army in County Tyrone 
1972
A Protestant youth member (15) of the Ulster Defence Association, and a UDA member (26) are run over by British Army vehicles during riots in east Belfast 
1973
Israeli tanks under Gen Sharon move through Suez Canal 
1973
Kissinger & Le Duc Tho jointly awarded Nobel peace prize 
1973
Maynard Jackson elected 1st black mayor of Atlanta 
1973
Monks Heng Yo & Heng Ju, start 1000 mile SF to Seattle pilgrimage 
1973
The Gulf Six (Iran, Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Qatar) unilaterally raise the posted price of Saudi Light marker crude-oil by 17 percent 
1974
As' Ken Holtzman, who hasn't batted all season, belts 3rd inning home run in Game 4 & gets the win, 5-2 
1976
Soyuz 23 returns to Earth 
1976
Toronto Maple Leaf Lanny McDonald scores a hat trick in 2 min 54 sec 
1978
Nobel prize for economy awarded to Herbert A Simon 
1978
Polish Cardinal Karol Wojtyla elected Pope John Paul II 
1978
Test debut of Kapil Dev, India v Pakistan at Faisalabad 
1980
"Brigadoon" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 133 performances 
1980
China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC 
1981
2nd Dutch government of Van Agt resigns 
1981
Harvey Fierstein's "Torch Song Trilogy," premieres in NYC 
1982
Devils 1st road victory 6-5 over Penguins 
1982
Mt Palomar Observatory 1st to detect Halley's comet on 13th return 
1982
Shultz warns US will withdraw from UN if they vote to exclude Israel 
1982
USSR performs underground nuclear test 
1983
"Zorba" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 362 performances 
1983
25th Ryder Cup: US, 14½-13½ at PGA National Golf Club (Palm Beach Gardens, Florida, US) 
1983
Balt Orioles beat Philadelphia Phillies, 4 games to 3 in 80th World Series 
1984
Baboon heart transplanted into a 15-day-old baby girl 
1984
Desmond Tutu, black Anglican Bishop, wins Nobel Peace Prize 
1985
Challenger vehicle moves to launch pad for STS 61A mission 
1985
Intel introduces 32-bit 80386 microcomputer chip 
1985
KC Royals & St Louis Cardinals win their league championships 
1985
Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Herbert Hauptman & Jerome Karle 
1986
"Raggedy Ann" opens at Nederlander Theater NYC for 5 performances 
1986
Armand Hammer returns to US with Jewish refusenik David Goldfarb 
1986
US government closes down due to budget problems 
1986
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1987
175-kph winds cause blackout in London, much of southern England 
1987
338,500,000 shares traded on NY stock exchange (record) 
1987
Dow Jones for 1st time falls more than 100 pts (108.35) 
1987
Jessica McClure rescued 58 hrs after falling 22' into a well shaft 
1987
Mike Tyson TKOs Tyrell Biggs in 7 for heavyweight boxing title 
1987
USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 
1987
Great Storm of 1987: hurricane force winds to hit much of the South of England killing 23 people. 
1988
"Smile Jamaica" concert for Hurricane Gilbert victims held in London 
1988
Orel Hirsheiser, 1st to pitch shutout in playoff & World Series 
1989
Bikenibau Paeniu installed as premier of Tuvalu 
1989
Jan Syse becomes premier of Norway 
1990
"Stand Up Tragedy" closes at Criterion Theater NYC after 13 perfs 
1990
Reds Eric Davis is 22nd player to homer in his 1st World Series at bat 
1990
Reds beat A's 7-0, ending Oakland's 10-game post-season winning streak 
1990
US forces reach 200,000 in Persian Gulf 
1991
George Jo Hennard, 35, kills 23 & himself & wounds 20 in Texas 
1991
US Supreme Court begins to hear Joseph Doherty case 
1991
Dallas Mavericks Roy Tarpley becomes 7th to be banned from NBA for life under the league's anti-drug agreement 
1991
Jharkhand Chhatra Yuva Morcha is founded at a conference in Ranchi, India. 
1992
1,700th David Letterman Show 
1992
1964 "Gilligan's Island" TV pilot 1st shown on TV (TBS) 
1993
General Omar al-Bashir appointed Sudan president 
1993
IRA bomb attack on fish & chips restaurant in Belfast, 10 killed 
1993
Anti-Nazi riot breaks out in Welling in Kent, after police stop protesters approaching British National Party headquarters 
1994
Raul Julia, actor (Addams Family), suffers a stroke 
1995
Allan Donald takes 8-71 as South Africa defeat Zimbabwe 
1995
Brian Lara scores 169 in Sharjah ODI versus Sri Lanka 
1995
Million Man March held in Wash DC (over 800,000 black men attend) 
1995
ODI in Sharjah WI 7-333 in 50 overs beat Sri Lanka 329 all out 
1996
Eighty-four people are killed and more than 180 injured as 47,000 football fans attempt to squeeze into the 36,000-seat Estadio Mateo Flores in Guatemala City. 
1997
"Side Show," opens at Richard Rodgers Theater NYC for 91 performances 
1998
Former Chilean dictator Gen. Augusto Pinochet is arrested in London on a warrant from Spain requesting his extradition on murder charges. 
2001
The US Coast Guard lifts a ban on liquefied natural gas (LNG) tankers entering Boston Harbor to makes deliveries to Distrigas' Everett LNG terminal that had been imposed on September 26 in response to the terrorist attacks of September 11 
2002
Bibliotheca Alexandrina in the Egyptian city of Alexandria, a commemoration of the Library of Alexandria that was lost in antiquity, is officially inaugurated. 
2012
Conflict in Maiduguri, Nigeria, leads to 24 militant deaths and several structures set ablaze 
2013
21 people are killed after a minibus hits a land mine in Nawa, Syria 
2013
The United States ends its 16-day government shut down and avoids default in a Bi-partisan deal in the Senate 
2013
49 people are killed after Lao Airlines Flight 301 crashes in the Mekong River, Laos 
2013
18 people are killed after Typhoon Wipha strikes Japan 
2014
New Zealand, Malaysia, Angola, Spain and Venezuela are elected to the United Nations Security Council 
2016
Four killed after truck flies off San Diego bridge onto festival below 
2016
Transcripts of Clinton's Wall Street talks released in new Wikileaks dump 
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