Today in History - Historical Events - October 12th

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Notable Historical Events on October 12th

1966Jimi Hendrix Experience forms with Jimi Hendrix, Noel Redding & Mitch Mitchell

1984IRA bombs hotel where British PM Margaret Thatcher is staying, 5 die

1960JFK & Richard Nixon's third presidential debate

1833Charles Darwin begins return trip to Buenos Aires

1960Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev bangs his shoe on his desk at UN General Assembly session

1987George Harrison releases "Got My Mind Set On You"

1973Nixon nominates Gerald Ford to replace Spiro Agnew as VP

1900The first modern submarine is commissioned by the U.S.Navy as the USS Holland, named for its designer John Philip Holland

1915Theodore Roosevelt criticizes US citzens who identify themselves, with dual nationalities

1999Pat LaFontaine formally retires from the NHL due to lingering concussion problems

1862JEB Stuart completes his "second ride around Mcclellan"

2008Anna Kournikova and Andy Roddick defeat Martina Navratilova and Jesse Levine in a match for charity, raising over $400,000 for the Elton John AIDS Foundation and Atlanta AIDS Partnership Fund

1492Christopher Columbus's expedition makes landfall on Caribbean island he names San Salvador (likely Watling Island, Bahamas). The explorer believes he has reached East Asia (OS 21 Oct)

1792First celebration of Columbus Day in the USA held in New York

1901Theodore Roosevelt renames "Executive Mansion," "The White House"

1986Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh visit the People's Republic of China

1518Pontifical ambassador interrogates Martin Luther

1933John Dillinger escapes from jail in Allen County, Ohio

1978Sid Vicious charged with murder of girlfriend Nancy Spungen

1915Ford Motor Company under Henry Ford manufactures its 1 millionth Model T automobile

October 12th Historical Events
Date Event
539
The army of Cyrus the Great of Persia takes Babylon. 
BC
AD
638
Honorius I ends his reign as Catholic Pope; Pope Severinus elected 
642
John IV ends his reign as Catholic Pope 
1165
Rambam reaches Jerusalem 
1216
King John of England loses his crown jewels in The Wash, probably near Fosdyke, perhaps near Sutton Bridge 
1279
Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk founder of Nichiren Buddhism, inscribes the Dai-Gohonzon 
1285
180 Jews refuse baptism in Munich Germany, they are set on fire 
1366
King Frederick III of Siciliy forbids decorations on synagogues 
1398
The Treaty of Salynas is signed between Grand Duke of Lithuania Vytautas the Great and the Teutonic Knights, who received Samogitia. 
1459
Battle at Ludford Bridge: Richard of York defeated 
1492
Flemish rebel leader Philip van Kleef surrenders 
1492
Christopher Columbus's expedition makes landfall on Caribbean island he names San Salvador (likely Watling Island, Bahamas). The explorer believes he has reached East Asia (OS 21 Oct) 
1504
Queen Isabella I of Spain signs her testament 
1509
Emperor Maximilian leaves Italy 
1518
Pontifical ambassador interrogates Martin Luther 
1549
John Dudley earl of Warwick becomes English premier 
1576
Rudolf II succeeds Maximilian II as Holy Roman Emperor 
1609
Children's rhyme "Three Blind Mice" published in London 
1654
The Delft Explosion (gunpowder) devastates the city in the Netherlands, killing more than 100. 
1659
English Rump-government fires John Lambert & other generals 
1711
Karel VI Habsburg crowned Roman Catholic emperor 
1729
Willem KH Friso installed as viceroy of Gelderland 
1730
Christian VI succeeds Frederik IV as king of Denmark 
1773
America's first insane asylum opens for 'Persons of Insane and Disordered Minds' in Virginia 
1775
US Navy forms 
1776
British Brigade begins guarding Throgg Necks Road in Bronx 
1792
First celebration of Columbus Day in the USA held in New York 
1798
Flemish uprising against French occupied Boerenkrijg 
1798
Friedrich von Schiller's "Wallensteins Lager" premieres in Weimar 
1815
Ex-king Joachim Murat van Naples sentenced to death 
1822
Second eruption of Galunggung (Java) destroys summit of mountain 
1823
Charles Macintosh of Scotland begins selling raincoats (Macs) 
1833
Charles Darwin begins return trip to Buenos Aires 
1836
18" of snow falls in Bridgewater, NY 
1850
First women's medical school (Women's Medical College of Penns), opens 
1853
John Morrissey wins boxing title, when Yankee Sullivan leaves ring after 36th round to slug Morrissey's fans 
1854
Lincoln University founded as Ashmun Institute 
1860
British & French troops capture Beijing 
1861
Confederate ironclad Manassas attack Union's Richmond on Mississippi 
1862
JEB Stuart completes his "second ride around Mcclellan
1862
Maj Gen Earl Van Dorn assumes command of Conf troops in Missisippi 
1862
Skirmish at Monocacy, Maryland 
1871
US President Grant condemns Ku Klux Klan 
1872
Montreal Foot Ball Club 1st game playing Quebec City to 0-0 tie 
1879
British troops occupy Kabul, Afghanistan 
1881
Henry M Stanley signs contract with Congo monarch 
1886
Hurricane & sea surge kills 250 at Indianola Texas 
1886
Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of 2nd Stain" (BG) 
1891
Astronomical Society of France is inaugurated 
1892
US Pledge of Allegiance first recited in public schools during Columbus Day 
1898
Establishment of the first town council in Mateur. 
1899
South Africa Boer Republic declares war on Britain 
1900
The first modern submarine is commissioned by the U.S.Navy as the USS Holland, named for its designer John Philip Holland 
1901
Theodore Roosevelt renames "Executive Mansion," "The White House" 
1903
Lyric Theater opens at 213 W 42nd St NYC 
1907
Cubs beat Tigers 4 games to 0 with 1 tie in 4th World Series 
1913
John McGraw, after drinking, blames Wilbert Robinson's coaching mistakes for World Series lose, Robertson blames McGraw & is fired 
1914
1st battle at Ypres begins 
1915
Ford Motor Company under Henry Ford manufactures its 1 millionth Model T automobile 
1915
Theodore Roosevelt criticizes US citzens who identify themselves, with dual nationalities 
1916
Boston Red Sox beat Bkln Dodgers, 4 games to 1 in 13th World Series 
1917
The First Battle of Passchendaele, now Passendale 
1918
Cloquet fire kills 453 and injures or displaces 52,000 people 
1920
Cleve Indians beat Bkln Dodgers, 5 games to 2 in 17th World Series 
1920
Construction begins on Holland Tunnel connecting NJ & NYC 
1920
Man O'War's last race & win 
1920
Soccer team Quick '20 forms 
1923
NY Giant's Casey Stengel HR beats Yanks 1-0 in World Series 
1924
Sokolnicheskaya Radio begins broadcasting from Moscow 
1925
Albert Michelsen runs world record marathon (2:19:01.8) 
1925
German-Russian trade agreement signed 
1927
Hermann Goerner of Germany raises 24 men weighing 4,123 lbs on a plank with soles of his feet 
1928
1st use of iron lung (Boston's Children Hospital) 
1929
Cubs blow 8-0 World Series lead, A's score 10 in 1 inning 
1931
1st International Conference on Calendar Reform 
1933
Alcatraz becomes a federal prison (unofficially) 
1933
John Dillinger escapes from jail in Allen County, Ohio 
1933
Gangster George Francis Barnes, aka Machine Gun Kelly, is sentenced to life imprisonment 
1935
Cole Porters musical "Jubilee," premieres in NYC 
1941
Russian government moves from Moscow to Volga as Nazis close in on Moscow 
1942
Successful Russian counter attack through 37th Guard division 
1942
US navy defeats Japanese in WW II Battle of Cape Esperance 
1943
US bombs Rabaul, New Britain 
1944
German army retreats from Athens 
1948
Casey Stengel takes over as Yankee manager 
1950
"Call Me Madam" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 644 performances 
1952
Hanif Mohammad scores twin 100s v N Zone (Ind) his 1st fc cricket tons 
1952
KBTV (now KUSA) TV channel 9 in Denver, CO (ABC) begins broadcasting 
1953
US & Greece signs peace treaty (US bases) 
1955
-13] Hurricane Hazel, kills 68 in Haiti 
1956
Marga Klompe becomes first Dutch women elected minister 
1957
"Mask & Gown" closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 39 performances 
1957
"Simply Heavenly" closes at Playhouse Theater NYC after 62 perfs 
1957
1First commercial flight between California & Antartica 
1957
Canadian Prime Minister Lester Bowles Pearson wins Nobel Peace Prize 
1958
CVP wins municipal elections in Belgium 
1958
USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR 
1958
WJRT TV channel 12 in Flint, MI (ABC) begins broadcasting 
1959
At the national congress of APRA in Peru a group of leftist radicals are expelled from the party. They will later form APRA Rebelde. 
1960
JFK & Richard Nixon's third presidential debate 
1960
Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev bangs his shoe on his desk at UN General Assembly session 
1960
Inejiro Asanuma is assassinated in Japan by Otoya Yamaguchi, a 17-year-old. The camera was rolling at that time. 
1961
"Let It Ride" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 68 performances 
1961
USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 
1962
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1962
US/USSR sign joint space effort in telecommunications & meteorology 
1962
Infamous Columbus Day Storm strikes the U.S. Pacific Northwest with record wind velocities; 46 dead and at least U.S. $230 million in damages 
1963
"Student Gypsy" closes at 84th St Theater NYC after 16 performances 
1963
Archaeological digs begin at Masada, Israel 
1963
At 4 am, traffic on Bay Bridge is 1-way on each deck 
1964
1st time 3 people in space 
1964
KCSM TV channel 60 in San Mateo-SF, CA (PBS) begins 
1964
Launch of Voskhod 1, first 3 man crew (Komarov, Feokistov, Yegorov) 
1964
WSBK TV channel 38 in Boston, MA (IND/ABC/CBS/NBC) begin 
1964
WUCM TV channel 19 in University Center, MI (PBS) begins broadcasting 
1966
Jimi Hendrix Experience forms with Jimi Hendrix, Noel Redding & Mitch Mitchell 
1967
St Louis Cards beat Boston Red Sox, 4 games to 3 in 64th World Series as Lou Brock steals a record 7 bases in 1 World Series 
1968
"Noel Coward's Sweet Potato" closes at Barrymore NYC after 17 perfs 
1968
19th Olympic games open at Mexico City, Mexico 
1968
Equatorial Guinea (Spanish Guinea) declares independence from Spain 
1968
Norma Enriqueta Basilio Satelo is 1st woman to light Olympic flame 
1969
1st time 5 people in space 
1969
KDB-AM in Santa Barbara CA changes call letters to KAPN 
1969
KHOF (now KAGL) TV ch 30 in San Bernardino/Glenda, CA (IND) begins 
1969
Soyuz 7 is launched 
1970
Rock Memorabilia Auction at Filmore East 
1971
"Jesus Christ Superstar" opens at Mark Hellinger NYC for 711 perfs 
1972
"Hurry, Harry" opens at Ritz Theater NYC for 2 performances 
1972
46 sailors injured in race riot on aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk 
1972
Billy Harris failed in 1st Islander penalty shot 
1972
Mariner 9 takes pictures of Martian north pole 
1973
Israeli counter offensive in southern Syria 
1973
Juan Peron elected president of Argentina 
1973
Nixon nominates Gerald Ford to replace Spiro Agnew as VP 
1974
1st time Wash Caps are shutout as they are beat 6-0 by Minnesota 
1975
Archbishop Oliver Plunkett became 1st Irish-born saint in 7 centuries 
1975
Jacqueline Hansen runs women's world record marathon (2:38:19) 
1975
NASA launches space vehicle S-195 
1976
4th Space Shuttle Enterprise, approach & land test (ALT) flight 
1976
Hua Guo-feng succeeds Mao Zedong as chairman of Communist Party 
1977
"Throwaway Game" Catfish Hunter loses WS 6-1 resting Yank pitchers 
1977
4th test of space shuttle Enterprise 
1977
Psychic Romark attempts to drive blindfolded, smashed into cop van 
1977
US Supreme Court heard arguments in "reverse discrimination" case of Allan Bakke, white student denied admission to University of California Med School 
1978
Representatives of Israel & Egypt open talks in Washington 
1978
Sid Vicious charged with murder of girlfriend Nancy Spungen 
1979
Pressure in nucleus of tropical cyclone at Guam hits record 870 hpa 
1979
The lowest recorded non-tornadic atmospheric pressure, 87.0 kPa (870 mbar or 25.69 inHg), occurred in the Western Pacific during Typhoon Tip. 
1980
"Your Arm's Too Short to Box" closes at Ambassador NYC after 149 perfs 
1980
7 stabbed at Blood, Sweat & Tears concert in LA 
1980
Amy Alcott wins LPGA Inamori Golf Classic 
1981
"Marlowe" opens at Rialto Theater NYC for 48 performances 
1981
15th Country Music Association Award: Barbara Mandrell & George Jones wins 
1982
38.6 cm (15.2") of rainfall, Angoon Alaska (state record) 
1982
Milwaukee Brewer Paul Molitor getrs world sereis record 5 hits 
1983
5225 Loral & 5424 Covington 
1984
IRA bombs hotel where British PM Margaret Thatcher is staying, 5 die 
1985
Challenger moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 61A mission 
1985
Intl Physicians for Prevention of Nuclear War receives Nobel Prize 
1985
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1986
California Angels within 1 pitch of pennant victory lose to Red Sox 
1986
Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh visit the People's Republic of China 
1987
21st Country Music Association Award: Hank William Jr wins 
1987
George Harrison releases "Got My Mind Set On You" 
1987
Minnesota Twins beat Detroit Tigers for AL pennant 
1987
Oscar Arias (Costa Rican Pres) wins Nobel Peace Prize 
1988
George W H Bush & Michael Dukakis meet in 2nd debate 
1988
Israel & China sign trade deal, plan diplomatic relations 
1989
Herschel Walker is traded from Cowboys to Vikings for 12 players 
1989
Musical "Buddy" with Paul Hipp premieres in London 
1990
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1991
Boxer Hector Comacho arrested for driving while getting oral sex 
1991
Mike Lerch of Princeton ties NCAA record with 370 receiving yards 
1991
Statler Brothers Show premieres on TNN 
1991
Wrestler Rip Oliver forced to retire after being injured by Crush 
1991
Doug Flutie of BC Lions sets CFL passing record of 582 yards despite losing to Edmonton 45-38 in overtime 
1992
5.8 earthquake at Cairo (at least 510 die) 
1992
Arecibo radio telescope begins Microwave search for occupied planets 
1992
Brett "Hitman" Hart beats Ric Flair for WWF Heavyweight title 
1992
Expo '92 closes in Seville Spain 
1992
Howard Stern radio show premieres in Albany NY (WQBK 103.5 & 103.9 FM) 
1992
Microwave Observing Project begins (seeking alien life) 
1992
Wash Redskin Art Monk sets NFL record with 820th reception 
1993
"Mixed Emotions" opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 48 performances 
1994
Contact with Venus orbitter Magellan broken 
1994
Iranian Fokker F28 explode between Isfahan & Teheran: 66 killed 
1995
"Patti LuPone on Broadway" opens at Walter Kerr NYC for 46 perfs 
1997
David Duval wins Michelob Championship at Kingsmill Golf Club 
1997
Juli Inkster wins LPGA Samsung World Championship 
1997
Transamerica Senior Golf 
1997
Sidi Daoud massacre in Algeria; 43 killed at a fake roadblock. 
1999
Pervez Musharraf takes power in Pakistan from Nawaz Sharif through a bloodless coup. 
1999
The Day of Six Billion: the proclaimed 6 billionth living human in the world is born. 
1999
Pat LaFontaine formally retires from the NHL due to lingering concussion problems 
2000
The USS Cole is badly damaged in Aden, Yemen, by two suicide bombers, killing 17 crew members and wounding at least 39 
2002
Terrorists explode two bombs in Bali's nightclub district killing 202 and injuring 209 mostly foreign tourists 
2005
The second Chinese human spaceflight Shenzhou 6 launched carrying Fèi Jùnlóng and Niè Hǎishèng for five days in orbit. 
2008
Anna Kournikova and Andy Roddick defeat Martina Navratilova and Jesse Levine in a match for charity, raising over $400,000 for the Elton John AIDS Foundation and Atlanta AIDS Partnership Fund 
2012
The United Nations Security Council unanimously approves of an African-led force to oust Islamist militants in northern Mali 
2012
The European Union wins the 2012 Nobel Peace Prize, sparking a series of critical commentary 
2013
50 people are killed after a truck veers of a cliff in  La Convencion Province, Peru 
2013
15 people are killed by a series of explosions in a fireworks factory in Vietnam 
2013
Timothy Bradley defeats Juan Manuel Márquez to win the WBA Welterweight boxing title 
2014
Evo Morales is re-elected President of Bolivia 
2016
Billy Bush to Make Abrupt Exit From NBC After Lewd Tape 
2016
Kim Kardashian West sues over claims she faked robbery 
2017
At least 23 dead, hundreds missing as winds fan California wildfires 
2017
Boy Scouts of America to allow girls to join, earn Eagle Scout rank 
2017
Only 16 percent of Puerto Rico has power 3 weeks after Hurricane Maria 
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