Today in History - Historical Events - November 23rd

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Notable Historical Events on November 23rd

1644Areopagitica, a pamphlet decrying censorship, written by John Milton is published.

1947Washington Redskin Sammy Baugh passes for 6 touchdowns vs Chi Cards (45-21)

800Charlemagne arrives at Rome to investigate the alleged crimes of Pope Leo III.

1991Evander Holyfield TKOs Bert Cooper in 7 for heavyweight boxing title

1937John Steinbeck's "Of Mice & Men" premieres in NYC

1989"Bounty Bowl", the Philadelphia Eagles defeat the Dallas Cowboys 27-0 on Thanksgiving in an ill-tempered game that featured several scuffles and injuries, after which Cowboys coach Jimmy Johnson accuses Eagles coach Buddy Ryan of placing bounties on players

1942Col-gen Von Paul asks Hitler to surrender

1963JFK's body lay in repose in East Room of White House

1963LBJ proclaims Nov 25 a day of national mourning (for JFK)

1654French mathematician, scientist, and religious philosopher Blaise Pascal experiences an intense, mystical vision that marks him for life.

1997Jana Novotna (Czech) beats Mary Pierce (France) in Chase Tennis Champ

200835th American Music Award: Rihanna & Chris Brown win

November 23rd Historical Events
Date Event
800
Charlemagne arrives at Rome to investigate the alleged crimes of Pope Leo III. 
1165
Pope Alexander III returns from exile to Rome 
1227
Polish Prince Leszek I the White is assassinated at an assembly of Piast dukes at Gąsawa. 
1248
Conquest of Seville by the Christian troops under King Ferdinand III of Castile. 
1334
St Clemens Flood: Dike breaks at Flemish/Zeeuwse/Dutch coast 
1499
Flemish pretender to the English throne Perkin Warbeck hanged for reportedly attempting to escape from Tower of London. Invaded England in 1497, claiming to be the lost son of King Edward IV 
1556
King Philip II confers with Dutch financial experts 
1577
Water Geuzen under capt Slope enter Amsterdam 
1584
English parliament expels Jesuits 
1644
Areopagitica, a pamphlet decrying censorship, written by John Milton is published. 
1654
French mathematician, scientist, and religious philosopher Blaise Pascal experiences an intense, mystical vision that marks him for life. 
1700
Cardinal Francesco Albani elected Pope Clemens XI 
1705
Nicholas Rowe's "Ulysses" premieres in London 
1744
English premier John Carteret resigns 
1765
People of Frederick County Md refuse to pay England's Stamp tax 
1783
Annapolis Maryland, becomes US capital (until June 1784) 
1832
French take Antwerp in liberation of Belgium 
1834
Hector Berlioz's "Harold in Italy" premieres 
1835
Henry Burden patents Horseshoe manufacturing machine (Troy NY) 
1844
Independence of the Duke of Schleswig-Holstein from Denmark. 
1848
Female Medical Educational Society forms in Boston 
1852
Just past midnight, a sharp jolt causes Lake Merced to drop 30' (9m) 
1863
Battle of Chattanooga & Orchard Knob, TN begins 
1863
Patent granted for a process of making color photographs 
1864
-25] Battle at Ball's Ferry Georgia (30 casualties) 
1867
The Manchester Martyrs were hanged in Manchester, England for rescuing two Irish men from jail. 
1868
Louis Ducos du Hauron patents trichrome color photo process 
1869
In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark is launched - one of the last clippers ever to be built, and the only one still surviving to this day. 
1871
Railway bridge over Dutch Deep opens 
1876
Columbia, Harvard & Princeton form Intercollegiate Football Association 
1885
Amsterdam police attack meeting of social-democrats united 
1887
Notre Dame loses its 1st football game 8-0 to Michigan 
1887
Opera "Trumpeter of Säckingen" 1st American production (NYC) 
1889
Debut of 1st jukebox (Palais Royale Saloon, San Francisco) 
1890
King William III of the Netherlands dies (b. 1817) without a male heir and a special law passed to allow his daughter Princess Wilhelmina to inherit. 
1890
General elections in Italy. 
1892
Battle of Lomani Congo: Belgian unit beats Arabs, 1000-3000 killed 
1892
P de Coubertin launches plan for Modern Olympic Games 
1897
Andrew J Beard invents "jerry coupler" to connect railroad cars 
1897
Pencil sharpener patented by J L Love 
1899
Battle at Belmont, Cape colony: general Methuen beats Farmers 
1903
Enrico Caruso US debut (Metropolitan Opera House, NY) in "Rigoletto" 
1903
Colorado Governor James Peabody sends the state militia into the town of Cripple Creek to break up a miners' strike. 
1904
3rd Olympic games close in St Louis 
1905
Henry Watson Furness, an Indiana physican, named minister of Haiti 
1906
Joseph Smith, leader of the Mormon Church, convicted of polygamy 
1909
7.17" (18.2 cm) of rainfall, Rattlesnake Creek, Idaho (state rec) 
1909
Wright Brothers forms million dollar corp to manufacture airplanes 
1911
Post Hospital at Presidio, SF renamed Letterman General Hospital 
1912
Hamilton Alerts suspended by ORFU for refusing to field a full team in a replay of a protested game 
1913
Jim Larkin and James Connolly establish the Irish Citizens Army in order to protect strikers 
1914
The US Army retreats from Mexico. 
1915
On the Tigris River in Mesopotamia, the Battle of Ctesiphon between Allied and Turkish forces enters its second day 
1921
Pres Harding signs Willis Campell Act (anti-beer bill) forbidding doctors prescribing beer or liquor for medicinal purposes 
1923
German army commander Gen Von Seeckt bans NSDAP & KPD 
1923
Germany's Stresemann government falls to SPD 
1926
Noel Coward's "This Was a Man" premieres in NYC 
1930
NY Giant Hap Moran runs 91 yards for a TD from a scrimmage 
1931
Nationally Crisis Committee forms in Hague 
1934
An Anglo-Ethiopian boundary commission in the Ogaden discovers an Italian garrison at Walwal, which lay well within Ethiopian territory. This leads to the Abyssinia Crisis. 
1936
1st issue of Life, picture magazine created by Henry R Luce is published 
1937
Clifford Odets' "Golden Boy" premieres in NYC 
1937
Emile Janson becomes Belgian premier 
1937
John Steinbeck's "Of Mice & Men" premieres in NYC 
1939
Nazi Gov of Poland Hans Frank requires Jews to wear a blue star 
1940
1st edition of illegal "The Truth" publishes 
1940
Romania signs Driemogendheden pact 
1940
SD arrested resistance fighter Bernard Iron wire 
1941
German troops conquer Klin, at NW of Moscow 
1942
3rd & 5th Romanian army corp surrenders 
1942
Coast Guard Woman's Auxiliary (SPARS) authorized 
1942
Col-gen Von Paul asks Hitler to surrender 
1942
German 4th & 6th Army surrounded at Stalingrad 
1942
Japans bombing of Port Darwin, Australia 
1942
Poon Lim set adrift for 133 days after his boat is torpedoed 
1942
Russian 21st Army recaptures Kalatsj at Don 
1942
Steward Poon Lim begins floating in a raft 133 days 
1943
1st printing of illegal "Warheid" 
1943
British Forces Broadcasting Service begins operation 
1943
US forces take control of Tarawa, Gilbert Island & Makin from Japanese 
1943
Phils owner William D Cox is permanently banned from baseball for having bet on his own team 
1944
US 7th army under Gen Patch conquers Straatsburg 
1945
Most US wartime rationing of foods, including meat & butter, ends 
1946
"Gypsy Lady" closes at Century Theater NYC after 79 performances 
1946
34th CFL Grey Cup: Toronto Argonauts defeats Winn Blue Bombers, 28-6 
1946
French Navy fire in Haiphong Vietnam, kills 6,000 
1946
The Workers Party of South Korea is founded. 
1947
French government of Schumann forms 
1947
Washington Redskin Sammy Baugh passes for 6 touchdowns vs Chi Cards (45-21) 
1948
Dr Frank G Back (NYC) patents lens to provide zoom effects 
1950
Howard Swanson's "Short Symphony" premieres 
1953
KVFD (now KTIN) TV channel 21 in Ft Dodge, IA (NBC) 1st broadcast 
1953
WJBF TV channel 6 in Augusta, GA (ABC) begins broadcasting 
1954
For the first time, the Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above the peak it reached just before the 1929 crash. 
1955
British transfer Cocos (Keeling) Is in Indian Ocean to Australia 
1959
"Fiorello!" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 796 performances 
1960
Dodgers outfielder Frank Howard is voted NL Rookie of Year 
1960
Tinseltown dedicated its Walk of Fame at Hollywood Blvd & Vine St 
1960
Tiros 2, a weather satellite is launched 
1962
Dodgers shortstop Maury Wills is named NL's MVP 
1963
"Doctor Who" the long-running British sci-fi series debuts 
1963
"Tambourines to Glory" closes at Little Theater NYC after 24 perfs 
1963
Horatio Alger Society founded 
1963
JFK's body lay in repose in East Room of White House 
1963
LBJ proclaims Nov 25 a day of national mourning (for JFK
1964
"Bajour" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 232 performances 
1964
Beatles release "I Feel Fine" & "She's a Woman" 
1964
Vatican abolished Latin as official language of Roman Catholic liturgy 
1965
31st Heisman Trophy Award: Mike Garrett, Southern Cal (RB) 
1965
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1966
Chicago outfielder Tommie Agee is voted AL Rookie of Year 
1968
"Noel Coward's Sweet Potato" closes at Booth NYC after 36 perfs 
1968
Milwaukee Bucks make their 1st NBA trade, giving Bob Love & Bob Weiss to Chicago Bulls for Flynn Robinson 
1970
KNCT TV channel 46 in Belton/Killeen, TX (PBS) begins broadcasting 
1970
Arthur Young resigns as Chief Constable of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) 
1971
China People's Republic seated in UN Security Council 
1971
Danny Murtaugh, manager of world champ Pirates, announces retirement 
1973
Arab summit conference adopts open and secret resolutions on the use of the oil weapons; embargo extended to Portugal, Rhodesia, and South Africa 
1974
60 Ethiopia government officials executed 
1975
63rd CFL Grey Cup: Edmonton Eskimos defeats Montreal Alouettes, 9-8 
1975
Bob Thomas of Chicago Bears kicks 55-yard field goal 
1975
Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Greater Ft Myers Golf Classic 
1976
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1976
USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 
1976
Apneist Jacques Mayol is the first man to reach a depth of 100 m undersea without breathing equipment. 
1976
In Kozani, Greece, 50 people arere killed when an Olympic Airways flight crashed into mountainous terrain after being diverted to Kozani due to poor weather in Larissa 
1977
"Jesus Christ Superstar" opens at Longacre Theater NYC for 96 perfs 
1977
European weather satellite Meteosat 1 launched from Cape Canaveral 
1979
Pink Floyd's "The Wall" released, sells 6 million copies in 2 weeks 
1980
4,800 die in series of earthquakes that devastated southern Italy 
1980
68th CFL Grey Cup: Edmonton Eskimos defeats Hamilton Tiger-Cats, 48-10 
1980
National Black Independent Party forms 
1981
President Reagan vetoes House Joint Resolution 357 which called for further appropriations for fiscal year 1982 
1982
Challenger moves to Vandenberg AFB & mated for STS-6 
1982
FCC drops limits on duration & frequency of TV ads 
1982
NY Islanders & Minn North Stars play to an 8-8 tie 
1983
Soyuz T-9 lands 
1983
USSR leave weapon disarmament talks 
1984
Limited-over intl cricket debut for Wasim Akram, v NZ 
1984
Test Cricket debut of David Boon age 23 & Bob Holland age 38 (v WI) 
1984
USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 
1984
Boston College QB Doug Flutie passes (472 yards), including game ending 48 yard TD (Hail Mary Pass) to end game & beat Miami 47-45 
1985
58 die as Egyptian commandos storm hijack Egyptair jet in Malta 
1985
Retired CIA analyst Larry Wu-tai Chin, arrested of spying for China 
1988
France performs nuclear test 
1988
Wayne Gretzky scores his 600th NHL goal 
1988
Yankees sign free agent 2nd-baseman Steve Sax to 3-year contract 
1988
President Reagan announces that he is pocket-vetoing a bill designed to further restrict lobbying by former federal employees. 
1989
Pilots Union give up sympathy strike against Eastern Airlines 
1989
Xenophobia Zolotas sworn in as premier of Greece 
1989
"Bounty Bowl", the Philadelphia Eagles defeat the Dallas Cowboys 27-0 on Thanksgiving in an ill-tempered game that featured several scuffles and injuries, after which Cowboys coach Jimmy Johnson accuses Eagles coach Buddy Ryan of placing bounties on players 
1990
Test Cricket debut of Saeed Anwar (Pak v WI), scores 0 & 0 
1991
Freddie Mercury, 45, confirms he has AIDS the day before he dies 
1991
Evander Holyfield TKOs Bert Cooper in 7 for heavyweight boxing title 
1991
Martin Lopez-Zubero swims world record 200m backstroke (1:56.57) 
1991
Sacramento Kings ends NBA's longest road losing streak at 43 games 
1991
Sam's Town Bowling Invitational won by Lorrie Nichols 
1991
Brigham Young Ty Detmer finishes NCAA career with record 4,031 yards passed in a season & 15,031 for career 
1992
"Someone Who'll Watch Over Me" opens at Booth NYC for 232 perfs 
1992
10,000,000 cellular telephone sold 
1993
"Angels in America-Perestroika" opens at Walter Kerr NYC for 216 perfs 
1996
Irene Skliva, 18, of Greece, crowned 46th Miss World 
1996
The Republic of Angola officially joins the World Trade Organization. 
1997
Annika Sorenstam wins ITT LPGA Tour Championship 
1997
Jana Novotna (Czech) beats Mary Pierce (France) in Chase Tennis Champ 
1998
Agreement between Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen and his rival, prince Norodom Ranariddh. 
2001
Convention on Cybercrime is signed in Budapest, Hungary. 
2003
Georgian president Eduard Shevardnadze resigns following weeks of mass protests over flawed elections. 
2005
Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, elected president of Liberia, is the first woman to lead an African country. 
2007
MS Explorer, a cruise liner carrying 154 people, sank in the Antarctic Ocean south of Argentina after hitting an iceberg near the South Shetland Islands. 
2008
35th American Music Award: Rihanna & Chris Brown win 
2008
97th Davis Cup: Spain beats Argentina in Mar del Plata (3-1) 
2008
96th CFL Grey Cup: Calgary Stampeders defeats Montreal Alouettes, 22-14 
2008
Economists at the University of Hawaii report that the state entered the recession in the previous quarter based on the drop in tourist figures and growing unemployment, with 8,800 jobs expected to be cut in 2009 
2009
The Maguindanao massacre occurs in Ampatuan, Maguindanao, Mindanao, Philippines 
2010
The Bombardment of Yeonpyeong occurs on Yeonpyeong Island, South Korea. The North Korean artillery attack kills 2 civilians and 2 South Korean marines. 
2011
Arab Spring: After 11 months of protests in Yemen, The Yemeni president Ali Abdullah Saleh Signs a deal to transfer power to the vice president, in exchange for legal immunity. 
2012
JR Tokai unveil a maglev LO train prototype capable of travelling up to 500km per hour 
2013
Filipino Manny Pacquiao defeats American Brandon Rios to win the World Boxing Organization International Welterweight title 
2014
A suicide bomber kills 40 people at a volleyball tournament in eastern Afghanistan 
2014
An adviser to the Kenyan president says the slaughter of 28 people on a bus by the Somali militant Islamist group al-Shabab is intended to create a religious war in the country 
2014
A magnitude 6.7 earthquake strikes central Japan 
2014
Republicans condemn US President Obama's use of executive powers to force through immigration reform 
2014
Mass protests in Mexico by relatives of 43 missing Mexican students, who the authorities say were murdered by a drugs gang 
2015
7 dead after helicopter crashes in Kashmir on way back from Hindu shrine 
2015
Suicide bombing in Nigeria kills 8 
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