Today in History - Historical Events - November 20th

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Notable Historical Events on November 20th

2001Josh Groban releases his debut album "Josh Groban"

1911The funeral of Paul and Laura (daughter of Karl Marx) Lafargue in Paris is attended by Lenin; the two socialists died in a suicide pact in the belief that their political usefulness was at an end

1755English minister William Pitt Sr resigns

1998A court in Taliban-controlled Afghanistan declares accused terrorist Osama bin Laden "a man without a sin" in regard to the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania.

1969Pele scores his 1,000th soccer goal

1929Salvador Dali's first one-man show

1934Eiji Sawamura, 17, gives up 1 hit, Lou Gehrig's HR, US beats Japan 1-0

19682nd Country Music Association Award: Glen Campbell & Tammy Wynette wins

284Diocletian is proclaimed Roman Emperor by his soldiers in the army of the east

1833Charles Darwin reaches Punta Gorda, sees Rio Uruguay

1976George Harrison appears on Saturday Night Live

1975Ronald Reagan announces candidacy for Republican nomination for US President

1906George Bernard Shaw's "Doctor's Dilemma" premieres in London

2001In Washington, D.C., U.S. President George W. Bush dedicates the United States Department of Justice headquarters building as the Robert F. Kennedy Justice Building, honoring the late Robert F. Kennedy on what would have been his 76th birthday.

2006Moises Alou signs a one year-contract with the New York Mets worth $7.5 million

18152nd Peace of Paris: France & allies after 2nd defeat and abdication of Napoleon Bonaparte.

1982Drew Barrymore at age 7 hosts Saturday Night Live

201138th American Music Award: Adele, Bruno Mars & Taylor Swift win

1977Walter Payton (Bears) rushes for NFL-record 275 yards

1997Flyers Eric Lindros tries to bite San Jose defenseman Marty McSorley

1962Mickey Mantle wins AL MVP

1990Oakland's Rickey Henderson wins AL MVP

November 20th Historical Events
Date Event
284
Diocletian is proclaimed Roman Emperor by his soldiers in the army of the east 
762
Bögü, Khan of the Uyghurs, conquers Lo-Yang, capital of the Chinese Empire. 
1168
Giovanni di Struma elected anti-Pope 
1194
Palermo is conquered by Emperor Henry VI. 
1272
Edward I proclaimed King of England 
1342
Pope Clemens VI names John IV of Arkel as bishop of Utrecht 
1347
Coke di Rienzo, later Roman Tribunal, addressess a meeting of on the Capitol during people's revolt in Rome 
1407
A truce between John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy and Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans is agreed under the auspices of John, Duke of Berry. Orléans would be assassinated three days later by Burgundy. 
1431
First meeting of Order of the Golden Fleece 
1520
Friesland hit by heavy hail storm 
1521
Arabs attribute shortage of water in Jerusalem to Jews making wine 
1583
Duke of Parma conquerors Aalst 
1616
Bishop Richelieu becomes French minister of Foreign affairs/War 
1637
Peter Minuit & 1st Swedish immigrants to Delaware sail from Sweden 
1695
Zumbi, the last of the leaders of Quilombo dos Palmares in early Brazil and ex-slave, is executed. 
1719
Sweden & Hannover sign peace Treaty of Stockholm 
1755
English minister William Pitt Sr resigns 
1759
-22] Battle in Bay of Quiberon, British beat French 
1789
New Jersey is 1st state to ratify Bill of Rights 
1795
Curacao government forbids slave work on Sunday 
1805
Beethoven's "Fidelio," premieres in Vienna 
1815
2nd Peace of Paris: France & allies after 2nd defeat and abdication of Napoleon Bonaparte. 
1815
Russia, Prussia, Austria & England signs Alliance "for the maintenance of peace in Europe" same day as Treaty of Paris 
1817
First Seminole War begins in Florida 
1829
Jews expelled from Nikolayev & Sevastopol Russia 
1833
Charles Darwin reaches Punta Gorda, sees Rio Uruguay 
1852
Charles Reade/Tom Taylor's "Masks & Faces" premieres in London 
1861
Secession ordinance is filed by Kentucky's Confederate government. 
1862
Confederate armies of Mississippi and Kentucky merge as Army of Tennessee, under General Braxton Bragg 
1866
First national convention of Grand Army of Republic (veterans' org) 
1866
Howard University founded (Washington DC) 
1866
Pierre Lalemont patents rotary crank bicycle 
1873
Rival cities of Buda & Pest unite to form the capital of Hungary 
1888
Willard Bundy patents timecard clock 
1889
Gustav Mahler's 1st Symphony 
1890
Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Slavery in the Missions" 
1894
US intervenes in Bluefields, Nicaragua 
1901
Opera "Grisélidis" is produced (Paris) 
1902
Geo Lefevre & Henri Desgrange create Tour de France bicycle race 
1906
George Bernard Shaw's "Doctor's Dilemma" premieres in London 
1909
Jack Williams of Ottawa Rough Riders kicks 9 singles in a game 
1910
Revolution broke out in Mexico, led by Francisco I Madero 
1911
Gustav Mahler's "Das Lied von der Erde" (Song of the Earth) premieres in Munich 
1911
The funeral of Paul and Laura (daughter of Karl Marx) Lafargue in Paris is attended by Lenin; the two socialists died in a suicide pact in the belief that their political usefulness was at an end 
1914
US State Department starts requiring photographs for passports 
1915
7th CFL Grey Cup: Hamilton Tigers defeats Toronto Rowing, 13-7 
1917
First successful tank use in battle (Britain breaks through German lines) at Battle of Cambrai WWI 
1917
Ukrainian Republic declared 
1919
1st municipally owned airport in US opens (Tucson Az) 
1920
Nobel Peace Prize awarded to US president W Wilson 
1922
Zoe Akins' "Texas Nightingale" premieres in NYC 
1923
Garrett Morgan invents & patents traffic signal 
1923
Rentenmark replaces the Papiermark as the official currency of Germany at the exchange rate of one Rentenmark to One Trillion (One Billion on the long scale) Papiermark 
1928
Boston Gardens opens, Mont Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 1-0 
1928
WGH-AM in Newport News VA begins radio transmissions 
1929
First broadcast of "Goldbergs" on US radio 
1929
Salvador Dali's first one-man show 
1931
Commercial teletype service begins (AT&T) 
1932
Earthquake at Uden Netherlands 
1934
Eiji Sawamura, 17, gives up 1 hit, Lou Gehrig's HR, US beats Japan 1-0 
1934
Lillian Hellman's "Children's Hour" premieres in NYC 
1934
New Belgian government of Theunis, Francqui & Gutt (3 bankers) 
1934
Tornoto Maple Leaf Harvey Jackson is 1st to score 4 goals in 1 period 
1936
Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera, founder of the Falange is killed by a republican execution squad. 
1938
1st documented anti-semitic remarks over US radio (by Father Coughlin) 
1940
German air raid on Birmingham fails 
1940
Hungary joins 3 Power pact 
1940
World War II: Hungary, Romania and Slovakia join the Axis Powers. 
1941
Adm Nomura & Kurusu hands over Japanese last diplomatic note 
1941
German Q/pirate ship Kormoran sinks near Australia 
1942
26th Russian Armoured Corps recaptures Perelazovski 
1942
British 8th Army recaptures Benghazi, Libya 
1942
NHL abolishes regular season OT until WW II is over 
1942
Soviet army offensive during WWII, 1 million Russians breach German lines 
1943
U-538 sinks in Atlantic Ocean 
1943
US forces land on Tarawa & Makin Atoll in Gilbert Island 
1944
1st Japanse suicide submarine attack (Ulithi Atol, Carolines) 
1944
Amsterdam: Vondelpark closed because of kappen of trees 
1944
Prince Bernhard establishes staff in Breda 
1945
24 Nazi leaders put on trial at Nuremberg, Germany 
1945
Dmitri Sjostakovitch's 9th Symphony under J Mravinski premieres 
1945
Queen Wilhelmina opens parliament in Hague 
1946
Lillian Hellman's "Another Part of the Forest" premieres in NYC 
1947
"Meet the Press" makes network TV debut on NBC 
1947
1st permanent TV installed on seagoing vessel (New Jersey) 
1947
Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Mediator Dei 
1947
UN General assembly begins debate on printing their own stamps 
1948
US balloon reaches height of 42.7 km (record) 
1949
Jewish population of Israel reaches 1,000,000 
1951
Snowdonia becomes a British National Park 
1952
Cubs slugger Hank Sauer wins NL MVP 
1952
George Axelrod's "Seven Year Itch" premieres in NYC 
1952
Slánský trials begin - a series of Stalinist and anti-Semitic show trials in Czechoslovakia. 
1953
Scott Crossfield in Douglas Skyrocket, 1st to break Mach 2 (1,300 MPH) 
1954
KTRK TV channel 13 in Houston, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting 
1955
Kripal Singh scores 100 on Test Cricket debut, India v NZ 
1955
Polly Umrigar scores India's 1st Test Cricket double century, 223 v NZ 
1957
Morton Wishengrad's "Rope Dancers" premieres in NYC 
1959
UN adopts Universal Declaration of Children's Rights 
1959
WABC fires Alan Freed over payola scandal 
1961
WPLG TV channel 10 in Miami, FL (ABC) begins broadcasting 
1962
Mickey Mantle wins AL MVP 
1962
USSR agrees to remove bombers from Cuba, & US lifts blockade 
1964
Dmitri Sjostakovitch's 9th/10th String Quartet premiers in Moscow 
1965
"Pickwick" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 56 performances 
1965
UN Security council calls for boycott of Rhodesia 
1965
WCNY TV channel 24 in Syracuse, NY (PBS) begins broadcasting 
1966
"Cabaret" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 1166 performances 
1966
Clifford Ann Creed wins LPGA Success Golf Open 
1966
Dallas sacks Pittsburgh QBs an NFL record 12 times 
1966
Men in Zurich vote against female suffrage 
1967
At 11 AM, Census Clock at Dept of Commerce ticks past 200 million 
1967
Mets pitcher Tom Seaver (16-12) is named NL Rookie of Year 
1968
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1968
2nd Country Music Association Award: Glen Campbell & Tammy Wynette wins 
1969
Alcatraz Island off SF, is seized by militant Native Americans 
1969
Gundappa Viswanath scores 137 on Test Cricket debut v Australia Kanpur 
1969
Pele scores his 1,000th soccer goal 
1969
SF Giant Willie McCovey edges Tom Seaver as NL MVP 
1970
UN General Assembly accepts membership of China PR 
1971
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1972
2 British soldiers are killed in a booby trap bomb in Cullyhanna, County Armagh 
1974
Rangers' Jeff Burroughs wins AL MVP 
1974
The US files antitrust suit to break-up AT&T 
1975
Ronald Reagan announces candidacy for Republican nomination for US President 
1976
George Harrison appears on Saturday Night Live 
1976
Judy Rankin wins LPGA Colgate-Hong Kong Golf Open 
1977
Egyptian Pres Sadat became 1st Arab leader to address Israeli Knesset 
1977
Steve Largent begins NFL streak of 177 consecutive game receptions 
1977
Walter Payton (Bears) rushes for NFL-record 275 yards 
1979
Sji'ieten occupies great mosque of Mecca, 100s killed 
1979
US's 1st artificial blood transfusion occurs at U of Minn Hospital 
1980
Billy Martin named AL Manager of Year (Oakland A's) 
1980
Steve Ptacek in Solar Challenger makes 1st solar-powered flight 
1980
UA withdraws $44 million movie "Heaven's Gate" for re-editing 
1980
United Nations Gulf War mediator Olof Palme makes first unsuccessful peace shuttle between Tehran and Baghdad 
1981
Anatoly Karpov, USSR retains world chess championship 
1981
Burundia adopts its constitution 
1981
El Salvador guerrilla group FMLN opens "limited offensive" 
1981
Ringo releases "Stop & Smell Roses" album 
1982
Drew Barrymore at age 7 hosts Saturday Night Live 
1983
"Marilyn: An American Fable" opens at Minskoff NYC for 16 perfs 
1983
100 million watch ABC-TV movie "Day After" about nuclear war 
1983
Cleveland Browns shutout Patriots 30-0 
1983
NY Giants Butch Woolfolk ties NFL record of 43 attempts rushing 
1984
McDonald's made its 50 billionth hamburger 
1984
Mets pitcher Dwight Gooden wins NL Rookie of Year 
1984
SETI is founded. 
1985
NY Yankee Don Mattingly easily wins AL MVP 
1985
Microsoft Windows 1.0 is released. 
1986
Afghanistan President Babrak Karmal flees 
1986
World Health Organisation announces first global effort to combat AIDS 
1988
"Les Miserables" opens a Bus & Truck tour in Tampa 
1989
Milwaukee Brewers center fielder Robin Yount wins AL MVP 
1990
Soviet Union shows reluctance to endorse the use of force against Iraq 
1990
Oakland's Rickey Henderson wins AL MVP 
1990
Sacramento Kings last NBA win on the road for over a year 
1990
Thatcher fails to defeat Heseltine's bid for party leadership 
1990
US 68th manned space mission STS 38 (Atlantis 7) returns from space 
1990
Saddam Hussein announces plans to release German hostages 
1991
Atlanta Braves Terry Pendleton wins NL MVP 
1992
Queen Elizabeth's home Windsor Castle catches fire 
1993
Jakovlev-42 crashes into mountain at Ohrid Macedonia, 116 killed 
1993
Sam's Town Bowling Invitational won by Robin Romeo 
1993
Winnie Mandela's driver/bodyguard murdered in Johannesburg 
1993
Savings and Loan scandal: The United States Senate Ethics Committee issues a stern censure of California senator Alan Cranston for his "dealings" with savings-and-loan executive Charles Keating. 
1994
"Flying Karamzov Brothers..." opens at Helen Hayes NYC for 50 perfs 
1994
"Shadow Box" opens at Circle in Sq Theater NYC for 49 performances 
1994
Kosmos 2294/2295/2296 launches 
1994
The Angolan government and UNITA rebels sign the Lusaka Protocol in Zambia, ending 19 years of civil war (localized fighting resumed the next year). 
1995
"Beatles' Anthology, Vol 1" released 
1995
"Racing Demon" opens at Vivian Beaumont Theater NYC for 48 perfs 
1995
FDA approves new therapy for use as an initial AIDS treatment, 3TC 
1995
Diana, Pricess of Wales, admits she cheated on Prince Charles in a TV interview 
1995
STS 74 (Atlantis 15), lands 
1997
"Ivanov" opens at Vivian Beaumont Theater NYC for 51 performances 
1997
Flyers Eric Lindros tries to bite San Jose defenseman Marty McSorley 
1997
Last original Florida Marlin, Jeff Conine, traded to KC Royals 
1997
Mavericks' A C Green sets NBA record of 907 consecutive games played 
1997
NY Islanders lose, beginning a 10 game losing streak 
1997
Yohannes Haile-Selassie discovers the partial skull of a 2.5 million year old human ancestor, confirming and establishing the new species Australopithecus garhi, in Bouri, Middle Awash, Ethiopia 
1997
Iraq's Revolution Command Council formally endorses an agreement, arranged by Russia, that enables UN weapons inspection teams to resume operations in Iraq 
1998
A court in Taliban-controlled Afghanistan declares accused terrorist Osama bin Laden "a man without a sin" in regard to the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania. 
1998
The first module of the International Space Station, Zarya, is launched. 
2001
In Washington, D.C., U.S. President George W. Bush dedicates the United States Department of Justice headquarters building as the Robert F. Kennedy Justice Building, honoring the late Robert F. Kennedy on what would have been his 76th birthday. 
2001
Josh Groban releases his debut album "Josh Groban" 
2003
After the November 15 bombings, a second day of the 2003 Istanbul Bombings occurs in Istanbul, Turkey, destroying the Turkish head office of HSBC Bank AS and the British consulate. 
2006
Moises Alou signs a one year-contract with the New York Mets worth $7.5 million 
2008
After critical failures in the US financial system began to build up after mid-September, the Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches its lowest level since 1997. 
2009
The Mexican government declares its economy technically out of recession after 2.93% GDP growth in the third quarter of 2009; Mexico had been in a severe economic crisis for over a year prior to its economic rebound 
2011
38th American Music Award: Adele, Bruno Mars & Taylor Swift win 
2012
Toshiba unveils a robot designed to help in nuclear disasters 
2014
Nearly 5 million illegal migrants in the US will have the threat of deportation deferred, after President Barack Obama announces sweeping immigration changes 
2015
Convicted Israel spy Jonathan Pollard being released after 30 years 
2015
American student among 3 killed in West Bank assault 
2016
Train in Northern India Derails, Killing at Least 45 People 
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